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From

Revision: A

Date

04 March 2016

Page

CALCULATION NOTE

1|9

INTRODUCTION

This calculation note described the sizing of chain lockers. In this note the

chain locker guidelines which were received from IHC, COSCO and taken

from the Anchor Handling book are summarized.

GUIDELINES OF IHC

The following table about sizing of chain lockers was found in the IHC yard

standard.

Table 1: Necessary volume [m3] for 100 [m] anchor chain

Chain

diameter

D [mm]

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

Chain locker

volume

3

V [m ]

0.216

0.247

0.279

0.315

0.351

0.387

0.427

0.468

0.513

0.558

0.607

0.657

0.706

0.760

0.814

0.873

0.931

0.994

1.057

1.120

1.188

1.255

1.327

1.399

Chain

diameter

D [mm]

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

Chain locker

volume

3

V [m ]

1.476

1.552

1.629

1.710

1.746

1.876

1.962

2.052

2.142

2.232

2.326

2.425

2.524

2.623

2.722

2.826

2.998

3.042

3.150

3.262

3.375

3.492

3.609

3.726

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

(Continued)

Chain

diameter

D [mm]

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

Chain locker

volume

3

V [m ]

3.847

3.973

4.099

4.225

4.351

4.482

4.617

4.842

4.887

5.026

5.166

5.310

5.454

5.602

5.751

5.899

Chain

diameter

D [mm]

79

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

Chain locker

volume

3

V [m ]

6.052

6.205

6.363

6.520

6.678

6.840

7.006

7.173

7.339

7.510

7.681

7.852

8.028

8.208

8.388

8.568

8.752

th

In Excel a power function as well as a 4 order polynomial function was determined in order to calculate

the chain locker volumes for larger chain diameters than shown in the table above.

Chain locker volume function

1 =

Or

1 = 4 4 + 3 3 + 2 2 + 1 1 +

Whereby:

V1

Effective chain locker volume

dc

Chain diameter

[m ]

[mm]

Power

function

c

0.000962962

b

2.001744014

Polynomial

function

Date

04 March 2016

c4

2.55346E-09

c3

-7.38665E-07

c2

0.001039204

c1

-0.002422335

b

0.025432392

Page

2|9

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

Between the ancherchain and the end of the spurling pipe 1.2 1.8 [m] needs to be available.

Self stowing properties of the chainlocker are reached when, if possible, a relatively small base

is used compared to the height of the locker. The width in case of a square shaped chainlocker

must fullfill the requirement <0.8 x H.

Diameter of the hawse pipe should be 10 times the anchor chain diameter.

Diameter of the spurling pipe should be 8 times the anchor chain diameter.

Date

04 March 2016

Page

3|9

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

To guarante proper hauling up of the anchor chain it is important that the sprocket wrap angle must be at

least 115 degrees. If the departure angle of the chain is 25 degrees or more the chain can be placed as

indicated in firgure 2a. The departure angle should be minimal 15 degrees and the chain should be

pushed slightly inwards in order to keep the sprocket wrap angle at least 115 degrees, see figure 2b.

The spurling pipe should be extended as close as possible to the chain wheel.

Figure 2a and 2b: sprocket wrap angle and chain departure angle guidelines

Note:

D is the diameter in [mm] of the anchor chain link. Preferbaly keep the arrangement as shown in

figure 2a. For outside diameters and pipe thicknesses of the spurling pipe see table 4.

Date

04 March 2016

Page

4|9

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

Dimensions of (steel) spurling pioe

Chian diameter

Outside diameter

Wall thickness

D [mm]

[mm]

[mm]

28

244.6

12.6

30

32

273

14.2

34

36

38

323.9

16

40

42

355.6

17.5

44

46

48

406.4

20

50

52

54

457

20

56

58

60

62

508

20

64

[kg/m]

71.5

90.6

121

146

191

216

241

(continued)

Chian Daimeter

D [mm]

28

30

32

34

36

38

40

42

44

46

48

50

52

54

56

58

60

62

64

Outside diameter

[mm]

Wall thickness

[mm]

323.9

17.5

132

406.4

17.5

168

457

17.5

190

508

20

241

559

22.2

294

610

26

361

660

26

392

[kg/m]

Note:

The steel spurling pipe should be deliverd with a certificate of the concerned classifcation society.

Date

04 March 2016

Page

5|9

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

The following guidelines where received from the Cosco shipyard.

Hc

h1

h2

For round shaped chain lockers the following formulas can be used in order to estimate the chain locker

volume.

Dc

Figure 3: Chain locker dimensions

= 1.27

Whereby:

Hc

=

Dc

=

V1

=

h1

=

h2

=

1

2

+ 1 + 2

Chain locker internal diameter

Effective required volume of the chain locker

When the anchor chain is piled up, a portion of the tapered height

The reserved height of the chain locker

[m]

[m]

3

[m ]

[m]

[m]

1 = 0.0009 2 (

)

100

Whereby:

dc

=

ln

=

lk

=

Date

04 March 2016

[mm]

The length of the anchor chain stored in the chain locker

The length of the anchor chain which results in the tapered section

[m]

[m]

Page

6|9

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

For round-shaped chain lockers, it is recommended to have the chain locker internal diameter (Dc) set

as 30dc ~ 35dc (where dc is the anchor chain diameter). For vessels with less depth, the diameter of the

chain locker can be increased appropriately, but should not exceed 40d c.

= 30 ~35

1 = (0.5~0.6)

2 2.5

Whereby

Dc

=

dc

=

h1

=

h2

=

L

=

Anchor chain diameter

When the anchor chains are piled up, a portion of the tapered height

The reserved height for the chain locker

The common chain link length

[m]

[mm]

[m]

[m]

[m]

= 6

=

1.6 104 3

2

= (

2

)

2

Whereby

L

Dc

dc

Hc

V

=

=

=

=

=

Chain locker internal diameter

Anchor chain diameter

Height of the chain locker

Total volume of the chain locker

[m]

[m]

[mm]

[m]

[m3]

For rectangular/square shaped chain lockers the following formulas can be used in order to estimate the

chain locker volume.

1 = 1

V1

ln

dc

k1

=

=

=

=

2

100

Effective volume

[m3]

The length of the anchor chain stored within the chain locker

[m]

Anchor chain diameter

[mm]

Coefficient, taken as any value between 0.00085~0.001

[-]

(the lower limit is used for cases whereby the chain locker volume is relatively small)

< 0.8 ( )

Whereby

B

=

H

=

Date

04 March 2016

Nominal height chain storage

[m]

[m]

Page

7|9

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

= + (1.2~1.8)

Whereby:

Hc

=

[m]

=

Whereby

V

=

B

=

Width of the chain locker

[m3]

[m]

The following guidelines are taken from the Anchor Handling Book (Oilfield Seamanship, volume 3

Anchor Handling by Michael Hancox, page 193).

Check that the windlass gypsy(s) are of the correct size for the chain to be handled. It is both

dangerous and foolish to attempt to haul chain using either an undersized or oversized gypsy

and severe damage to chains, gypsies and sometimes men can result.

Check that the chain lockers of the boat are in a fit state to be loaded with chain and how much

can be handled of the size under consideration. The space requirements (locker space) for the

five most common chain sizes are:

Chain diameter

Weight per 100 meters

[mm]

[kg]

64

919

76

12837

92

19040

102

23260

111

27420

3

[m ]

4.5

7.0

9.5

11.8

14.0

In practical terms let us say that a boat has two chain lockers each of 100 cubic metres volume and they

are to be filled with 76 mm diameter chain, then each locker could take about:

100 7 = 14 x 100 metres = 1400 metres of chain less 20% broken stow

Practically speaking about 1100 metres.

Another commonly used figure is to allow about 0.5 to 0.7 cubic metres per metric tonne of chain.

Date

04 March 2016

Page

8|9

CALCULATION NOTE

GUIDELINES FOR THE SIZING OF CHAIN LOCKERS

In order to approve the self-stowing properties of a chain locker it is advisable to have a tapered side

section at the bottom of 30 degrees.

30

Date

04 March 2016

Page

9|9

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