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Construction Safety

Management

MEANING OF SAFETY
 The meaning of safety is ‘Freedom from unacceptable risks’ or
‘Freedom from danger’. Safety in all construction activities is a
prime requisite, but is often neglected, ignored on work sites. With
the enormous growth of construction industry and the
advancement of ‘Construction Technology’ the need for proper
attention to Safety aspects has become essential for human, social,
economic and other considerations.
 The complex techniques with wide range of construction and
other activities have lead to new challenges in Safety.

SAFETY PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT
 Assignment of responsibility
 Hazard identification and control
 Training and communication
 Documentation and enforcement of safety rules

SAFETY PROGRAM
 Maintenance of safe working conditions
 Setting performance goals
 Rewarding safety performance
 Reviewing circumstances involved in incidents
 Taking appropriate corrective actions

SAFETY PROGRAM
 Establishing Safety performance objectives for all
levels of management
 Including safety as part of management performance
reviews
 Measuring effectiveness

BENEFITS OF A SAFETY PROGRAM  Reduced expenses related to injuries and illnesses  Reduced absenteeism  Lower employee complaints  Reduced workers’ compensation claims .

BENEFITS (CONTINUED)  Improved employee morale and satisfaction  Increased productivity  Reduction of hidden cost  Reduced insurance cost .

HIDDEN COST  Workers Compensation Cost  Replacement and training cost for new or substitute employee  Poor Quality  Penalties for non-compliance .

PERSONAL SAFETY EQUIPMENTS .

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IS STANDARDS ON SAFETY .

.IS 875 : 1987 Part 1 Code of practice for design loads (other than earthquake) for buildings and structures dead loads – unit weights of building material and stored materials (incorporating IS 1911 : 1967) IS 1905 : 1987 Code of practice for structural use of unreinforced masonry IS 2750 : 1964 Specification for steel scaffoldings IS 3696 : 1991 Part 2 Scaffolds and Ladders – Code of Safety – Ladders IS 3764 : 1992 Code of safety for excavation work IS 4014 : 1967 Part 2 Code of practice for steel tubular scaffolding – safety regulations for scaffolding IS 4081 : 1986 Safety code for blasting and related drilling operations IS 4082 : 1996 Recommendations on stacking and storage of construction materials and components at site.

IS 4130 : 1991 Safety code for demolition of buildings IS 4138 : 1977 Safety code for working in compressed air IS 4756 : 1978 Safety code for tunneling work IS 4912 : 1978 Safety requirements for floor and wall openings. railings and toe boards IS 5121 : 1969 Safety code for piling and other deep foundations IS 5916 : 1970 Safety code for construction involving use of hot bituminous materials IS 6609 : 1972 Part 5 Methods of test for commercial blasting explosives and accessories : Part V Safety fuses IS 6922 : 1973 Criteria for safety and design of structures subject to underground blasts .

IS 8989 : 1978 Safety code for erection of concrete framed structures IS 9706 : 1997 Aerial ropeways for transport of material – code of practice for design and construction IS 9759 : 1981 Guidelines for de-watering during construction. IS 9944 : 1992 Natural and man made fibre rope slings – Recommendations on safe working loads .IS 7205 : 1974 Safety code for erection of structural steel work IS 7293 : 1974 Safety code for working with construction machinery IS 7323 : 1994 Operation of reservoirs – Guidelines IS 7969 : 1975 Safety code for handling and storage of building materials.

IS 10291 : 1982 Safety code for dress divers in civil engineering works IS 10386 : 1992 Part 4 Construction. operation and maintenance of river valley projects – Storage. operation and maintenance of river valley projects – Fire safety aspects IS 10386 : 1983 Part 10 Safety code for Construction. handling. storage and transportation of explosives IS 10386 : 1993 Part 7 Safety code for Construction. detection and safety measures for gases. chemicals and flammable liquids IS 11972 : 1987 Code of practice for safety precautions to be taken when entering a sewerage system IS 13063 : 1991 Code of practice for structural safety of buildings on shallow foundations on rocks IS 13415 : 1992 Protective barriers in and around buildings – Code of safety IS 13416 : 1992 Part 1 Recommendations for preventive measures against hazards at work places – Falling material hazards prevention . operation and maintenance of river valley projects – safety code – Part 4: Handling.

IS 13430 : 1992 Code of practice for safety during additional construction and alteration to existing buildings IS 14734 : 1999 Balancing machines – enclosures and other safety measures SP 70 : 2001 Hand book on construction safety practices .

PLANNING A PROJECT  Develop goals and objectives  Define project team  Project manager  Site Supervisor  Site Safety  Other Programs .

POOR SAFETY PRACTICES .

GOOD SAFETY PRACTICES .

company’s facilities. and local community .IMPLEMENTING THE WORK PLAN  Essential in reducing injuries and illnesses  Maintains a safe environment  Designed to protect employees.

WORK PLAN (CONTINUED)  Pre-entry briefing to alert personnel of hazards  Conduct Job Hazard Analysis as appropriate  Periodic safety inspection Correct known deficiencies  Must be available for review and updated as required .

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS  Company Policies & Safety Procedures  Roles & Responsibilities  Site Description. Background  Site Security  Emergency Response .

• Safety instructions from Management. concerning Safety and Health care are to be followed always. Fire section. These safety instructions and procedures are the minimum safety requirements to be followed by all always at site. contractor and visitor is responsible for fulfilling all safety instructions and procedures. situations and handlings to the Project Manager. • Report unsafe conditions. Safety team and site conditions. • First Aid.SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PROCEDURES • Clear safety instructions and procedures are the basis for functioning of all at site. . generated are to be followed. • Every employee.

IDENTIFYING PROJECT-SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS Job Hazard Analysis  Select activities with highest risk  Break activity into individual components  Identify potential hazards in each component  Develop procedures to eliminate/reduce hazard .

• Prepare and instigate safety policy and procedures on site.ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES: Project Manager • Responsible for the overall management of safety. delegate responsibilities to other competent persons. safety planning and organization on this site. . • Attend all safety meetings. • Fix the roles and responsibilities in writing and ensure they are fulfilled for each staff member so as each person is aware of and complying with his role. then check these roles and responsibilities are fulfilled. • The Project Manager is the team leader and should be the role model for all staff and employees to follow.

• Set a personal example of implementing the Project Safety Policy. • Ensure contractor Safety Plans are implemented and modified as necessary on site . • Review preliminary design and drawings for potential safety risks and advise the Consultants of these and remedies for same. • Educate contractors to be fully conversant with all CB Richard Ellis safety requirements and incorporation of safe work practices in their operations. • Carry out informal and formal safety inspections when on site and report findings to the Contractor for rectification.• Review Safety Plans and Workplace Risk Assessments prepared by the contractors prior to that trade being given commitment and starting on site.

• Handover EHS plan in draft and filed to the client for the construction phase. Health and Welfare. • Co‐coordinating Safety. to meet the joint facilities .Safety Manager‐At Design Phase: • Co‐ordination of general aspects with respect to Safety. Health. coordinating and Co‐operation between contractors. Safety Manager—At Construction Phase: • Organizing. • Co‐coordinating Supervision. Putting together Safety Health & Environment files. Welfare measures by the contractors. • Taking care of EHS plan setup in “Draft”.

Consultants • To be briefed and educated by the Project team on their responsibilities with regards to ‘designing in safety’. • To be educated and shown safety problems with their design on site so as not to make the same mistakes again. . areas requiring special procedures or practices to reduce accident potential. • To take a pro‐active role in safety as part of the ‘Project Team’. • To be briefed by the site team on the proposed construction methods and be subsequently updated. • To nominate.

The days of the meeting will be nominated by president/Management. plant and equipment that are to be used on site the contractor must supply Material Safety Data Sheet ( MSDS) and the Manager or Principal of the contractor is to ensure his men who are using the chemical have been trained with the correct handling procedure for the use of this chemical.Contractors and Their Employees • Safety representative from each company to be nominated to attend safety meetings on a weekly basis. • The nominated person for the company will be responsible for all details and safety issues of the meeting and to be related back to fellow workers. • Any chemicals. .

• The Manager or Principal of the contractor is to provide evidence that the men he has employed have had adequate training to be able to work safely with the duties that will be performed on site. . • Contractor to inform President/Management of any known hazards that may occur during their scope of works. • Contractors to supply risk analysis sheets and safety plan for review before work commences on site for critical activities identified. • Any lost time injuries the contractor is to notify President/Management and provide all necessary details.

ROLE OF SITE MANAGER .

(3) orienting workers. . (4) maintaining the communications safety net. and (5) people building.ACTION STEPS FOR JOB-SITE MANAGER Job safety management can be divided into five major areas: (1) setting priorities on the job. (2) planning for safe construction.

SUBCONTRACTORS.PRIORITIES: 1. 4. 2. CLEAR .MAKE SAFETY RULES AND REGULATIONS AN INTEGRATED PART OF JOB RULES.IN NEW-WORKER ORIENTATION INCLUDE JOB RULES.INCLUDE MONEY FOR SAFETY EQUIPMENT AND SAFETY PERSONNEL INTO THE PROJECT BUDGET.BEGIN COMMUNICATING YOUR PRODUCTIVITY AND SAFETY GOAL TO OWNERS.COMMIT YOURSELF TO THE COMBINED GOAL OF HIGH SAFETY AND HIGH PRODUCTIVITY. 5. AND UNION REPRESENTATIVES IN PRE JOB MEETINGS. MAKE IT THAT INFRACTIONS OF THEM ARE CAUSE FOR TERMINATION. 3.

PRODUCTIVE JOB PROCEDURES. OSHA REQUIREMENTS. 7. B)MONITORING THE JOB FOR HOUSEKEEPING. E)MONITORING SUBCONTRACTORS.USE TOOLBOX MEETINGS AND ON-THE-JOB TRAINING TO MAINTAIN SAFE. C)WORKING COOPERATIVELY WITH JOB SAFETY PEOPLE AND LETTING PROJECT PERSONNEL KNOW THAT THE SAFETY PEOPLE REPRESENT YOU. AND OTHER UNSAFE CONDITIONS AND ACTS.TRAIN YOUR SUPERINTENDENTS AND FOREMEN TO REVIEW JOB EXPOSURES AS WORK PROGRESSES AND REVISE JOB PROCEDURES TO KEEP WORK SAFE. . 8. D)ENFORCING STANDARDS FOR SAFE BEHAVIOR AT ALL TIMES.SHOW YOUR COMMITMENT TO KEEPING THE JOB SAFE BY: A)WALKING THE JOB WITH SAFETY EYES.6.

NEGOTIATE REVISIONS TO AVOID STRESS AND THE TEMPTATION TO TAKE HAZARDOUS SHORTCUTS LATER. FROM UNION REPRESENTATIVES. FROM REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE CONSULTATION SERVICE OF THE OSHA PROGRAM. IMPROVE THE JOB SCHEDULE. C)GAIN COOPERATION AND INPUT FROM KEY PEOPLE IN PREJOB DISCUSSIONS: ON UNION JOBS. B) WORK WITH THE SAFETY PEOPLE TO DEVELOP A SAFETY PLAN FOR THE LIFE OF THE PROJECT.PLANNING: 1. TAKE THE TIME TO PLAN. 2. ON HIGHLY HAZARDOUS JOBS. BEFORE THE JOB STARTS: A) REVIEW COST ESTIMATES AND SCHEDULES AND. IT WILL REDUCE COSTS. AND BENEFIT SAFETY BY DECREASING HAZARDS AND JOB PRESSURES. . IF NECESSARY.

5. .REMEMBER THAT LAST MINUTE CHANGES OF PLANS ARE OFTEN DANGEROUS .DISCUSS SAFETY IN DAILY PLANNING MEETINGS AND WEEKLY JOB SCHEDULE AND PROGRESS MEETINGS. AND DAILY AND INCLUDE SAFETY IN ALL LEVELS OF PLANNING. WEEKLY.CAUTION SUPERVISORS AND WORKERS AGAINST THEM.3. MAINTAIN THREE LEVELS OF PLANNING THROUGHOUT THE PROJECT: LARGE SCALE. 4.

2. REQUIRE JOB AND PROJECT ORIENTATION FOR ALL NEW HIRES NO MATTER HOW LONG IS THEIR EXPERIENCE AND HOW SHORT THEIR STAY ON THE PROJECT WILL BE.DELEGATE DETAILED ORIENTATION TO THE WORKER'S FOREMAN.WORKER ORIENTATION: 1.ON PROJECTS OR PARTS OF PROJECTS WITH HIGH POTENTIAL FOR ACCIDENTS REQUIRE ORIENTATION BEFORE EACH NEW PHASE OF THE WORK. ON LARGE PROJECTS DEVELOP A SITE MAP THAT SHOWS THE OVERALL LAYOUT OF THE PROJECT WITH A SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT STAGES. . 6.TO AVOID ACCIDENTS.FOR JOB-SITE ORIENTATION INCLUDE A SHORT SITE TOUR. MAKING SURE THAT FOREMEN ARE TRAINED TO CONDUCT EFFECTIVE NEW-WORKER ORIENTATION. 4.WELCOME EACH NEW WORKER FOR PROJECT ORIENTATION CONSIDER A SHORT SLIDE-TAPE OR VIDEO PRESENTATION INTRODUCED BY A JOB-SITE MANAGEMENT REPRESENTATIVE. 5.

MEET WITH GROUPS OF FOREMEN AND CRAFT WORKERS FOR PLANNING AND FEEDBACK. DO NOT PASS ON TO YOUR PROJECT MANAGEMENT TEAM AND WORKERS PRESSURES FROM THE HOME OFFICE.DEVELOP TOOLBOX MEETINGS AS A VALUABLE INFORMATION AND TRAINING TOOL. 3.ON HOME OFFICE COMMUNICATION .EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION: 1. 2. TALK TO CRAFT WORKERS. AND TRAIN FOREMEN TO KEEP TO JOB SPECIFIC TOPICS. EXPAND YOUR COMMUNICATION SYSTEM BEYOND THE CHAIN OF COMMAND TO INCLUDE DIRECT CONTACT WITH WORKERS AND GROUP MEETINGS. TRAIN YOUR MANAGEMENT TEAM TO EXPECT YOU TO USE = THESE OTHER METHODS FOR INFORMATION. HEAR THEIR SUGGESTIONS. ATTEND MEETINGS YOURSELF ON A ROTATING BASIS. WALK THE JOB EACH DAY. . 4.KEEP THEM INFORMED DAILY. 5.MEET WITH SUPERVISORY GROUPS ON A REGULAR BASIS. BRING YOUR SAFETY COMMITMENT TO THEM.

THANK SUPERVISORS AND CRAFT WORKERS WHEN THEY DO EXCELLENT WORK. 2. MANAGE NOW TO ACHIEVE THEIR LONG-RUN COMMITMENT AND LOYALTY.PEOPLE BUILDING: 1. RATHER THAN AUTOMATICALLY BACKING THE SUPERVISOR. IN THOSE BETWEEN FOREMEN AND WORKERS. FOR EXAMPLE. DO NOT DELEGATE THAT POWER TO SUBORDINATES. 3.DEVELOP OTHER OPTIONS THAN FIRING . ASK YOURSELF THE QUESTION.LISTEN TO BOTH SIDES IN CONFLICTS.FIRING IS USUALLY A POOR WAY TO HANDLE A PROBLEM. 4. "HOW WILL THIS AFFECT MY WORK FORCE?" YOUR MOST IMPORTANT RESOURCE IS YOUR PEOPLE. .BEFORE EVERY ACTION AND DECISION OF YOURS.

The client’s representative may also present in the meeting wherever possible .The points discussed should be recorded and minutes will be distributed to all concerned. • In the kick‐off meeting beside technical relevant information pay attention to the aspects of Health. Prior to starting of project activities a meeting with all consultants. 1) Regional Manger‐EHS/Project EHS‐Coordinator 2) Site In charges of all Contractors/Sub‐contractors 3) Consultants 4) EHS coordinators of Contractors/Sub‐contractors In the meeting the EHS plan meant for the project will be disclosed and discussed for effective implementation. preliminary to the general or project oriented activities. Safety and Environment in general . contractors will be organized in order to make all concerned aware of the EHS rules & procedures to be adopted by team during the construction of project.COMMUNICATION: Kick‐off Meeting: • The kick‐off meeting should be seen as a start meeting. The Project Manager who is In charge of the project will chair the meeting and the following take part in the meeting.

At this meeting the “pre‐job checklist” shall be handed over and worked out with all persons involved. Action points as result of consultation between safety technicalities related to the project is discussed. Ensure active participation. This is to be conducted at once in week by respective EHS coordinators of contractors/Subcontractors.g. interaction of workmen and encourage them to share their similar experiences of other sites . Pre‐Job Meeting : The Pre‐Job Meeting is meant for consultation before activities start.Safety Meeting: Specific appointment e. Weekly meeting shall be conducted by contractors for the entire work force with specific agenda under observation from the Project Managers safety team. These are meant for developing safety awareness and to remind the various safety measures and rules to be followed by the working group.

The meetings will be organized by Contractors/Sub‐contractors at their respective work locations daily . The meeting would be held on need basis and conducted by Site Engineer/Foremen/EHS coordinator as and when changes of procedure/machinery and for new teams.Tool Box Meeting: A toolbox meeting is a medium to inform executing employees. The meeting would be held with the concerned staff /workmen involved in the specific job. The records of Tool Boxes are to be maintained and a copy of the same is to be sent to Project. In the meeting the safety measures and the procedures to be adopted would be conveyed to all concerned after discussing/assessing associated risks prevailed in the work activity.EHS coordinator .

• Measures as a result of finding from risk analysis. • Explanation on procedures. . • EHS part in this meeting. instruction and special measures. which are related to interaction between different disciplines. • Findings as a result of inspection observation on incident. should be a fixed item on the agenda and following discussed.Progress Meeting: •The progress meeting is meant for the daily / weekly consultation between the client and the main contractor.

SAFETY COMMITTEE .

. there shall be a Safety Committee constituted by the employer which shall be represented by equal number of representatives of employer and building workers employed in such establishment. (2) The Committee shall be represented by representatives of the recognized unions wherever such unions wherever such unions exist. 1996 Site Safety Committees:(1) Every establishment wherein five hundred or more building workers are ordinarily employed.As prescribed by the Building construction act. In no case the number of representatives of the employer shall exceed the representatives of building workers.

The main functions of the Safety Committee shall be(a) To identify probable causes of accident and unsafe practices in building or other construction work and to suggest remedial measures. safety competition. (b) To stimulate interest of employer and building workers in safety by organizing safety weeks. (c) To go round the construction site with a view to check unsafe practices and detect unsafe conditions and to recommend remedial measures for their rectification including First Aid Medical and Welfare Facilities. preparing posters or taking similar other measures as and when required or as necessary. talks and film shows on safety. .

(f) To bring to the notice of the employer the hazards associated with use. health and welfare in building or other construction work. chemicals and other construction material and to suggest remedial measures including use of proper personal protective equipment. (e) To suggest measures for improving welfare amenities in the construction site and other miscellaneous aspects of safety.(d) To look into the health hazards associated with handling different types of explosive. handling and maintenance of the equipment used during the course of building and other construction work .

The Safety Committee shall meet at regular intervals at least once in a month and it shall be chaired by the senior person having overall control over the affairs of the construction site. The decisions and recommendations of the Safety Committee shall be complied with by the employer within reasonable time limits. The agenda and minutes of the meeting shall be circulated to all concerned and it shall be in the language understood by majority of the building workers and shall be produced to the Inspector on demand for inspection. .

Such safety officers may be assisted by suitable and adequate staff. qualifications and the conditions of service of safety officers appointed under sub-rule (1) shall be as provided in Schedule VIII annexed to these rules. such employers may form a group and appoint a common Safety Officer for such group of employers with prior permission of Director General. (2) Duties. the employer shall appoint Safety Officers as per the scale laid down in Schedule VIII annexed to these rules. (3) Wherever number of workers employed by single employer is less than five hundred.Safety Officer:(1) In every establishment wherein five hundred or more building workers are ordinarily employed. .

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ORGANIZATION CHART FOR SAFETY: .

review and resolve all EHS matters of the project.Safety committee reports shall be submitted to Project Controller in every project meeting. • The meeting would be held once in week/fortnight. • The Site In charges of contractors/Sub‐contractors and their safety coordinators would be the members of committee. • A Project EHS committee will be constituted for the project to discuss. • The project Manger/In charge would be the Chairman of the committee and Project EHS coordinator would be Secretary of the committee. The performance and effectiveness of EH&S Plan would be reviewed for achieving desired level of performance. . • In the meeting all EHS issues would be discussed and resolved for necessary measures. • The minutes of meeting would be circulated to all concerned and to Regional EHS Manager/Coordinator.