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ek/;fed f'k{kk ifj"kn~

mkj izns'k
cksMZ vkQ gkbZ Ldwy ,.M b.VjehfM,V ,twds'ku
b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk

d{kk&12 2017
2017
2017

fooj.k&if=dk

ek/;fed f'k{kk ifj"kn~] mkj izns'k] bykgkckn ds


izkf/kdkj ds v/khu izdkf'kr

loZlk/kkj.k dh tkudkjh gsrq foKkfir ,oa izlkfjr gS fd foKfIr la[;k ifj"kn~&9@656] fnukad 16 flrEcj] 2015
ds lkrR; esa b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds orZeku fu/kkZfjr fo"k;ks@a VsMl~ ds ikB~;eksa dks d{kk&12 gsrq fo"k;okj fuEuor~ izdkf'kr fd;k
x;k gSA

d{kk&12
vfuok;Z fo"k;
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fooj.k
&v/;k;&ckjg ijh{kk lEcU/kh lkekU; fofu;e
v/;k;&pkSng b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk
v/;k;&pkSng b.VjehfM,V O;kolkf;d f'k{kk
&fgUnh
&lkekU; fgUnh
&uSfrd f'k{kk ,oa 'kkjhfjd Kku
oSdfYid fo"k;
&vjch
&vFkZ'kkL=
&vleh
&bfrgkl
&mnwZ
&mfM+;k
&vaxzsth
&dEI;wVj
&dUuM+
&xf.kr
&x`g foKku
&xqtjkrh
&fp=dyk
&rdZ'kkL=
&rfey
&rsyqxq
&ukxfjd 'kkL=
&uSikyh
&ikfy
&iatkch
&Qkjlh
&caxyk
&Hkwxksy
&euksfoKku
&ejkBh
&ey;kye

i`"B&la[;k
1&16
17&22
23&25
26&29
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ii

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fooj.k
&ekuo foKku
&lekt'kkL=
&laxhr xk;u vFkok oknu
&laLd`r
&flU/kh
&lSU; foKku
&f'k{kk'kkL=
&xzUFk f'kYi
&dk"B f'kYi
&flykbZ
&u`R; dyk
&jatudyk
&HkkSfrd foKku
&jlk;u foKku
&tho foKku
&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=
&O;kikfjd laxBu ,oa i=&O;ogkj
&vf/kdks"k.k rRo
&vkS|ksfxd laxBu
&vFkZ'kkL= rFkk okf.kT; Hkwxksy
&xf.kr rFkk izkjfEHkd lkaf[;dh
&chek fl)kUr ,oa O;ogkj
&'kL; foKku
&d`f"k vFkZ 'kkL=
&d`f"k tUrq foKku
&d`f"k i'kqikyu ,oa i'kq fpfdRlk foKku
&d`f"k jlk;u
O;kolkf;d f'k{kk oxZ
&'kL; foKku
&lkekU; vk/kkfjd fo"k;
&Qy ,oa [kk| laj{k.k
&ikd 'kkL=
&ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk
&/kqykbZ rFkk jaxkbZ
&csfdax rFkk dkUQsD'kujh

i`"B&la[;k
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fooj.k
&VSDlVkby fMtkbu
&cqukbZ rduhd
&ulZjh f'k{k.k dk izf'k{k.k ,oa f'k'kq izcU/k
&iqLrdky; foKku
&cgqmn~ns';h; LokLF; dkfeZd esfMdy yscksjsVjh rduhd lfgr
&jaxhu QksVksxzkQh
&jsfM;ks ,oa jaxhu Vsyhfotu
&vkVks eksckby
&eqnz.k
&dqyky foKku
&e/kqeD[kh ikyu
&Msjh izksS|ksfxdh
&js'ke dhV ikyu
&chtksRiknu izk|S ksfxdh
&Qly lqj{kk lsok
&ikS/k'kkyk
&Hkwfe laj{k.k
&,dkmUVsUlh ,oa vad{s k.k
&cSafdax
&vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k
&foi.ku rFkk fo;dyk
&lfpfo; i)fr
&lgdkfjrk
&chek
&Vad.k fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth
&d`f=e vax ,oa vo;o rduhd
&bEczkbMjh
&gS.M Cykd fizfVax
&esVy kV
&dEI;wVj rduhd ,oa eSUVsusUl
&?kjsyw fo|qr midj.kksa dh ejEer ,oa j[k&j[kko
&fjVsy VsfMax [kqnjk O;kikj
&lqj{kk
&eksckby fjis;fjax
&VwfjTe ,oa gkfLiVfyVh
&vkbZ0Vh0@vkbZ0Vh0gs0,l0

i`"B&la[;k
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v/;k; ckjg
[ijh{kkvksa lEcU/kh lkekU; fofu;e]

1&ifj"kn~ fuEufyf[kr ijh{kk;sa lapkfyr djsxh&


d gkbZLdwy ijh{kk]
[k b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk]
x fo[kf.Mr
?k b.VjehfM,V O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ijh{kkA
2&ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk ,sls dsUnzksa ij rFkk mu frfFk;ksa ij rFkk ,sls le; ij gksxh tks ifj"kn~ le;≤ ij fuf'pr djsxhA
2&d fujLrA
3&ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kkvksa ds ijh{k.k va'kr% ekSf[kd ,oa f;kRed rFkk va'kr% fyf[kr gksaxAs ekSf[kd rFkk f;kRed ijh{k.k
ijh{kk lfefr }kjk le;&le; ij fu/kkZfjr <ax ls ifj"kn~ }kjk fu;qDr ijh{kdksa }kjk lapkfyr fd;s tk;sasxsA fyf[kr ijh{kk iz'u&i=ksa
}kjk gksaxs rFkk iz'u&i= ij tgka ijh{kk gks jgh gS] ,d lkFk fn;s tk;saxsA
3&d ifj"kn~ }kjk lapkfyr fdlh ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus dk izek.k&i= vFkok fMIyksek ijh{kkFkhZ dks ml le; rd ugha
fn;k tk;sxk tc rd og mDr ijh{kk ds fy, muls lEcfU/kr fofu;eksa ds vuqlkj izR;sd fo"k; esa ;ksX;rk u izkIr dj ysa %
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd ;fn dksbZ vH;FkhZ ijh{kk esa izos'k ikus ds i'pkr~ vik= le>k tk;sxk@tk;sxh mldh vH;fFkZrk@ijh{kk
jn~n dj nh tk;sxh vkSj mldk ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djus dk izek.k&i= Hkh okil ys fy;k tk;sxk@jn~n dj fn;k tk;sxkA
3&[k ifj"kn~ dh gkbZLdwy rFkk b.VjehfM,V ijh{kkvksa esa laLFkkxr vH;FkhZ ds :i esa lfEefyr gksus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks
ekU;rk izkIr laLFkkvksa esa d{kk&9 rFkk 11 esa izos'k ysrs le; fofgr izi= ij viuk iathdj.k djkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA ,sls vH;FkhZ
viuh ik=rk rFkk tUefrfFk ls lEcfU/kr oS/k ,oa izekf.kr lk{; laLFkk ds iz/kku dks rRle; miyC/k djk;saxAs laaLFkk ds iz/kku larq"V
gksus ij gh vH;FkhZ dk iathdj.k vius fo|ky; ij djsaxsA izR;sd vH;FkhZ dks iathdj.k 'kqYd ds :i esa #0 2020-00 chl #i;s
laLFkk ds iz/kku dks nsuk gksxkA
fVIi.kh&iathdj.k QkeZ ds lkFk gh iathdj.k 'kqYd fy;k tk;sxk ,oa jktdh; dks"k esa tek fd;k tk;sxkA
fVIi.kh&
[1] 3&x laLFkkvksa ds iz/kku fo|ky; dh fu/kkZfjr {kerk ekU; d{kkvksa ds vuq:i d{kk 9 ,oa 11 esa v/;;ujr
Nk=@Nk=kvksa dk izos'k fnukad 01 vizSy ls 05 vxLr ds e/; ysxa As ifj"kn~ dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk mRrh.kZ ,oa vU; jkT;ksa ls
vfHkHkkodksa ds LFkkukUrj.k ds QyLo:i gkbZLdwy ijh{kk mRrh.kZ bPNqd vH;fFkZ;ksa ds d{kk 11 esa izos'k ysus dh vfUre frfFk 05
vxLr ,oa ifj"kn~ }kjk lapkfyr gkbZLdwy dEikVZesVa mRrh.kZ ,oa lfUujh{kk ds QyLo:i gkbZLdwy ijh{kk mRrh.kZ ?kksf"kr vH;fFkZ;ksa ds
d{kk 11 esa izos'k ysus dh vfUre frfFk 20 vxLr gksxhA
laLFkk ds iz/kku leLr d{kk 9 ,oa 11 esa v/;;ujr Nk=@Nk=kvksa ds fooj.k vfxze iathdj.k ifj"kn~ dh osclkbV ij
fnukad 01 ebZ ls 25 vxLr rd ds e/; vkWu ykbu iathd`r djk;sxa sA
26 vxLr ls 05 flrEcj rd vkWu ykbu vkosnu dh osclkbV cUn jgsxhA bl chp laLFkk ds iz/kku vkWu ykbu vkosfnr
vH;fFkZ;ksa ds leLr 'kSf{kd fooj.kksa ,oa mudh QksVks vkfn dh fo|ky;h vfHkys[kksa ls Hkyh&Hkkafr tkap djasxsA 06 flrEcj ls 20
flrEcj rd osclkbV iqu% [kksyh tk;sxh] ftlesa laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k esa la'kks/ku] ifjorZu@ifjo/kZu ;fn dksbZ
gks Lohdkj@viMsV fd;s tk;saxAs mDr frfFk ds i'pkr~ vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k esa dksbZ la'kks/ku] ifjorZu@ifjo/kZu Lohdkj ugha fd;k
tk;sxkA
laLFkk ds iz/kku vH;fFkZ;ksa dh QksVks ;qDr ukekoyh ,oa rRlaca/kh vko';d izi=ksa dh ,d izfr ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kd ds
ek/;e ls foyEcre 30 flrEcj rd ifj"kn~ ds lacaf/kr {ks=h; dk;kZy; dks izsf"kr djsaxAs
gkbZLdwy ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds viw.kZ ijh{kkQy iw.kZ gksus ds i'pkr~ mRrh.kZ ?kksf"kr gksus vFkok fdlh vU; dkj.k ls #ds gq,
ijh{kkQy ds ?kksf"kr gksus ds i'pkr~ mRrh.kZ gksus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dk izos'k laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk d{kk&11 esa ijh{kkQy ?kks"k.kk dh
frfFk ds 20 fnukas ds vUnj fd;k tk;sxkA laLFkk ds iz/kku ,sls mRrh.kZ ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dk vkWQ ykbu fof/k ls d{kk&11 esa vfxze
iathdj.k ifj"kn~ }kjk fofgr vkosnu i= ij djkdj mls ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kd ds ek/;e ls vxzlkfjr djkrs gq, lEcfU/kr {ks=h;
dk;kZy; dks 15 fnolksa ds vUnj izsf"kr djsaxsA

3&?k ifj"kn~ d{kk&9 rFkk 11 esa iathd`r leLr vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.kksa dks lE;d~ tkap djsxh rFkk okafNr la'kks/ku] ;fn
dksbZ gks] djsxh rFkk bu fooj.kksa ds vk/kkj ij vH;fFkZ;ksa dks iathdj.k la[;k vuqnkfur dj lEcfU/kr laLFkk dks ftyk fo|ky;
fujh{kd ds ek/;e ls izR;sd n'kk esa vkxkeh 28 Qjojh rd miyC/k djk;sxh] rn~uqlkj laLFkk ds iz/kku vius fo|ky; ds izR;sd
vH;FkhZ dks mldh iathdj.k la[;k ls voxr djk;saxsA iathdj.k la[;k vH;FkhZ dk LFkk;h vfHkys[k gksxk rFkk vko';drkuqlkj
iathdj.k la[;k ls gh i=&O;ogkj fd;k tk;sxkA
3& d{kk&10 rFkk 12 dh laLFkkxr ijh{kk esa ogh vH;FkhZ cSBus ds ik= gksaxs ftUgksaus lEcfU/kr laLFkk esa ;FkkfLFkfr
d{kk&9 rFkk 11 esa viuk iathdj.k djk;k gksA laLFkk ds iz/kku viathd`r vH;fFkZ;ksa ds vkosnu&i= fdlh Hkh n'kk esa vxzlkfjr ugha
djsaxsA
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd vU; ifj"knksa ls d{kk&10 ;k 12 esa LFkkukUrfjr vH;FkhZ dk d{kk&10 rFkk 12 esa gh iathdj.k gksxkA
^^vxzrs j izfrcU/k ;g Hkh gS fd fofu;eksa esa fdlh izko/kku ds gksrs gq, Hkh fdlh vkifrd fLFkfr esa jkT; ljdkj dks
ijh{kkvksa ds vk;kstu ls lEcfU/kr fofu;e esa nh x;h fdlh Hkh O;oLFkk dks f'kfFky djus dk vf/kdkj gksxk**A

laLFkkxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds izos'k ds fy, fu;e


[1] 4&,d ifj"kn~ }kjk lapkfyr fdlh Hkh ijh{kk esa izos'k gsrq bPNqd vH;FkhZ dk izos'k d{kk 10 ,oa 12 esa fnukad 01
vizSy ls 05 vxLr ds e/; fy;k tk;sxkA ifj"kn~ }kjk lapkfyr d`f"k Hkkx&1 mRrh.kZ ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ,oa vU; jkT;ksa ls vius
vfHkHkkodksa ds LFkkukUrj.k ds QyLo:i d{kk 9 ,oa 11 mRrh.kZ gksus ds i'pkr~ izos'k ds bPNqd vH;fFkZ;ksa ds d{kk 10 ,oa 12 esa
izos'k ysus dh vfUre frfFk 05 vxLr gksxhA ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk ds iz/kku dks ijh{kk gssrq fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd vf/kd ls vf/kd izR;sd o"kZ
dh 05 vxLr rd tek djsaxAs blds lkFk laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk laLFkk esa ekU; fo"k; vFkok fo"k;ksa dks vH;FkhZ tks ijh{kk ds fy, ys
jgs gSa] O;Dr djrs gq, lfpo }kjk fofufnZ"V izf;k ds vuqlkj vgZ vH;fFkZ;ksa ds 'kSf{kd fooj.kksa ,oa ijh{kk 'kqYd dks"kkxkj esa 10
vxLr rd tek dj] tek 'kqYd ds fooj.kksa dks ifj"kn~ dh fu/kkZfjr osclkbV ij fnukad 01 ebZ ls 16 vxLr rd vkWu ykbu
viyksM fd;k tk;sxkA
fu/kkZfjr vof/k rd 'kqYd tek u djus ij laLFkk ds iz/kku dks lEcfU/kr Nk= dk uke laLFkk ls dkVus dk vf/kdkj gksxkA
fdlh laLFkk ls viuk vku ykbu vkosnu&i= Hkjus ds i'pkr~ fdlh laLFkkxr Nk= dks dsoy ml n'kk dks NksM+dj tcfd ftyk
fo|ky; fujh{kd }kjk mls mlds vfHkHkkod ds ml LFkku ls tgka og f'k{kk xzg.k dj jgk Fkk] fdlh nwljs LFkku dks fd;s x;s
LFkkukUrj.k ds lEcU/k esa izLrqr fd;s x;s rF;ksa@izek.k&i= ij viuh larqf"V ds mijkUr ,slk djus dh vuqefr nh x;h gks] fo|ky;
ifjorZu dk vf/kdkj u gksxkA
10 vxLr ds i'pkr~ laLFkk ds iz/kku vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k izkIr dj 16 vxLr rd 100 #i;s izfr Nk= dh nj ls
foyEc 'kqYd ds lkFk dks"kkxkj esa tek dj 20 vxLr rd vkWu ykbu vkosnu djsaxAs
nksd fo[kf.MrA
[1][k 21 vxLr ls 31 vxLr rd vku ykbu vkosnu dh osclkbV cUn jgsxhA bl chp laLFkk ds iz/kku vku ykbu
vkosfnr vH;fFkZ;ksa ds leLr 'kSf{kd fooj.kksa ,oa mudh QksVks vkfn dh fo|ky;h vfHkys[kksa ls Hkyh&Hkkafr tkap djsaxsA
01 flrEcj ls 10 flrEcj rd osclkbV iqu% [kksyh tk;sxh] ftlesa laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k esa la'kks/ku
,oa ifjorZu@ifjo/kZu ;fn dksbZ gks Lohdkj@viMsV fd;s tk;saxsA mDr frfFk ds i'pkr~ vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k esa dksbZ la'kks/ku ,oa
ifjorZu@ifjo/kZu Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA
b.VjehfM,V d`f"k Hkkx&1 ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds viw.kZ ijh{kkQy iw.kZ gksus ds i'pkr~ mRrh.kZ ?kksf"kr gksus vFkok fdlh vU;
dkj.k ls #ds gq, ijh{kkQy ds ?kksf"kr gksus ds i'pkr~ mRrh.kZ gksus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dk izos'k laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk d{kk&12 esa
ijh{kkQy ?kks"k.kk dh frfFk ds 20 fnukas ds vUnj fd;k tk;sxkA laLFkk ds iz/kku ,sls mRrh.kZ ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dk b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk dk
vkosnu&i= vkQykbu fof/k ls iwfjr djkdj mls ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kd ds ek/;e ls vxzlkfjr djkrs gq, lEcfU/kr {ks=h;
dk;kZy; dks 15 fnolksa ds vUnj izsf"kr djsaxsA
[2] x laLFkk ds iz/kku dk ;g nkf;Ro gksxk fd mlds }kjk vku ykbu vkosfnr lHkh vkosnu&i= dsoy ekU;
fo"k;@fo"k;ksa ls fofu;ekuqlkj gh vxzlkfjr fd;s x;s gSaA vugZ vFkok fofu;eksa ds izko/kkuksa ds izfrdwy vxzlkfjr fd;s x;s vku
ykbu vkosnu ds fy, laLFkk ds iz/kku lh/ks mRrjnk;h ekus tk;sxa s rFkk muds fo#) ifj"kn~ }kjk vuq'kklukRed dk;Zokgh ds
lkFk&lkFk mUgsa ifj"kn~ ds ikfjJfed dk;ksaZ ls oafpr fd;s tkus dh Hkh dk;Zokgh dh tk;sxhA
[2] rhu fo[kf.MrA
[2] pkj fo[kf.MrA

ikap laLFkk ds iz/kku vkosnu&i=ksa ,oa lfpo }kjk fofufnZ"V izi=ksa ds lkFk lfpo dks ;g fn[kkrs gq, fuEufyf[kr
izek.k&i= Hkstsxk&
d fd laLFkk esa ckyd@ckfydk dk izos'k f'k{kk lafgrk ds fu;eksa rFkk ifj"kn~ ds fofu;eksa ds vuqlkj gS]
[k fd mlus ,d ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk esa v/;;u dk ,d fu;fer ikB~;e iw.kZ fd;k gS]
x fd mlus ikB~; fooj.k esa fu/kkZfjr iz;ksx okLrfod :i ls fd;s gSaA
N% ,sls Nk=ksa dks] tks fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk esa laLFkkxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa nks ckj vuqRrh.kZ gks tkrs gSa] iqu% fdlh
laLFkk esa izos'k dh vuqefr ugha nh tk;sxhA

mifLFkfr
5&1 ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk] izR;sd 'kSf{kd o"kZ esa de ls de 220 dk;Z fnolksa esa [kqyh jgsxh] ftuesa ijh{kkvksa rFkk
ikB~;kuqorhZ dk;Z&dyki ds fnol Hkh lfEefyr gS] izfrcU/k ;g gS fd ^^i=kpkj f'k{kk lrr~ v/;;u lEidZ ;kstuk** ds vUrxZr
iathd`r Nk= ds lEcU/k esa dk;Z fnolksa dks mi;qZDr la[;k 75 dk;Z fnol gksxh rFkk blds lkFk lEcfU/kr Nk= dks i=kpkj f'k{kk
laLFkku }kjk izsf"kr ikB~; lkexzh dh fu/kkZfjr izf;k ds vuqlkj v/;;u djuk gksxkA
2 fdlh Hkh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk }kjk dksbZ Nk= gkbZLdwy ds fy, izLrqr ugha fd;k tk;sxk tc rd og nks 'kSf{kd o"kksaZ ds
njE;ku izR;sd fo"k; esa] ftlesa mls ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksuk gS] oknuksa dh fu/kkZfjr@vkoafVr dqy la[;k ds] ftlesa f;kRed dk;Z
ds oknu Hkh lfEefyr gksaxs] de ls de 75 izfr'kr oknuksa esa mifLFkr u jgk gksA
iqu'p&vka
'p& Xy Hkkjrh; fo|ky;ksa ls vkus okys Nk=ksa ds lEcU/k esa 75 izfr'kr mifLFkfr ijh{kk ls iwoZ ds o"kZ dks izFke
tuojh ls ifjxf.kr dh tk;sxhA
3 ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk }kjk dksbZ Hkh Nk= b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds fy, izLrqr ugha fd;k tk;sxkA tc rd fd og nks
'kSf{kd o"kksaZ esa ftlesa mldh ijh{kk gksuh gS] fn;s tkus okys O;k[;kuksa esa ls ftlesa f;kRed dk;Z] ;fn dksbZ gks] ds ?k.Vs Hkh
lfEefyr gS de ls de 75 izfr'kr esa lfEefyr u gqvk gksA
d`f"k oxZ ds lkFk b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds lEcU/k esa mifLFkfr dk izfr'kr Hkkx ,d rFkk nks ds fy,
vyx&vyx ifjxf.kr fd;k tk;sxkA
fVIi.kh&
fVIi.kh&dkmfUly
Qkj fn bf.M;u Ldwy lVhZfQdsV bDtkfeus'ku] ubZ fnYyh }kjk lapkfyr lVhZfQdsV vkQ lsds.Mjh
fVIi.kh&
,twds'ku ijh{kk mRrh.kZ Nk=ksa dh mifLFkfr dh x.kuk ijh{kk ds iwoZ ds o"kZ dh igyh tuojh ls ifjxf.kr dh tk;sxhA
4 ifjx.ku ds fy, ,d ?k.Vs ds O;k[;ku dh ,d O;k[;ku] nks ?k.Vs O;k[;ku dks nks O;k[;ku vkSj blh izdkj ifjxf.kr
fd;k tk;sxkA f;kRed dk;Z esa yxk ,d ?k.Vk ,d O;k[;ku ds :i esa ifjxf.kr gksxkA ?k.Vs dk rkRi;Z Ldwy vFkok dkyst ds
le; p esa f'k{k.k ds ?k.Vs ls gSA
5 ij ds [k.M 2 vkSj 3 esa lanfHkZr nks 'kSf{kd o"kksaZ dk fed gksuk vko';d ugha gSA ;g laLFkkvksa ds iz/kkuksa ds
foosdkf/kdkj ij NksM+k tkrk gS fd os mu Nk=ksa dh mifLFkfr] ftUgksaus d{kk 9 vFkok 11 esa ,d ls vf/kd o"kZ i<+k gS] d{kk 10
vFkok 12 dh mifLFkfr ds lkFk fdlh ,d o"kZ dh mifLFkfr dks ifjxf.kr dj ysAa mu Nk=ksa dks ftUgsa ,u0lh0lh0] ih0,l0Mh0
vFkok izknsf'kd lsuk ds f'k{kk vFkok hM+k ny] ckypj jSfy;ka vFkok lsUV tku ,EcqysUl f'kfoj vkSj izfr;ksfxrk;sa vFkok xzkeksa esa
d`f"k foLrkj lsok vFkok 'kSf{kd ifjHkze.k esa tkus dh vuqefr nh tkrh gS] d{kk esa mifLFkfr ds fy, okafNr ykHk fn;k tk;sxkA
iqu'p&[1] bl fofu;e ds vUrxZr d{kk esa mifLFkfr dk leLr ykHk mifLFkfr vFkok O;k[;ku iaftdk esa bl lEcU/k esa
fVIi.kh lfgr fn[kkuk pkfg,A bl izdkj ds ykHk ls leLr ys[k Hkyh&Hkkafr j[ks tkus pkfg,A
[2] pqus gq, Nk=ksa ds oxZ ds fy, rFkk iwjh d{kk ds fy, lgh yxk;h xbZ fo'ks"k d{kk dh mifLFkfr ds ykHk dh vuqefr u
gksxhA
6 ifj"kn~ dh gkbZLdwy vFkok b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa vuqRrh.kZ vFkok fu#) Nk=ksa ds lEcU/k esa dsoy ,d 'kSf{kd o"kZ dk
izfr'kr ifjxf.kr fd;k tk;sxkA ml 'kSf{kd o"kZ dh mifLFkfr ftlds vUr esa Nk= ijh{kk esa cSBuk pkgrk gS] ifjxf.kr dh tk;sxhA
ijUrq izfrcU/k ;g gS fd mu Nk=ksa dh n'kk esa ftUgksaus ifj"kn~ dh gkbZLdwy vFkok b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksus
dh vuqefr ds fy, vkosnu u fd;k gks] ijUrq muds uke laLFkk dh mifLFkfr iath esa gks vFkok vkosnu&i=ksa ds izLrqr dj fn;s
tkus ds i'pkr~ Hkh ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk es lfEefyr u gq, gksa] nks 'kSf{kd o"kksaZ dk izfr'kr ifjxf.kr fd;k tk;sxkA
^^fu#)** dk rkRi;Z fdlh Hkh dkj.k ls gkbZLdwy vFkok b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa jksds tkus ls gSA

7 Nk= }kjk bl ifj"kn~ ds vf/k{ks= ls ckgj fdlh laLFkk esa ifj"kn~ dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds led{k ekU;rk izkIr ijh{kk
dh rS;kjh esa vftZr mifLFkfr gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds fy, mifLFkfr ds izfr'kr dh x.kuk ifjxf.kr dj yh tk;sxhA
8 gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa vadksa dh lfUujh{kk ds QyLo:i lQy ?kksf"kr Nk= ds lEcU/k esa izFke 'kSf{kd o"kZ lfUujh{kk dk
ifj.kke lwfpr fd;s tkus ds nl fnu i'pkr~ izkjEHk gqvk le>k tk;sxkA
9 bl ifj"kn~ vFkok vU; fdlh led{k ijh{kk fudk; ds #ds gq, ijh{kkQy ?kksf"kr gksus ds ckn fdlh ekU;rk izkIr
laLFkk ds d{kk&11 esa izos'k ikus okys Nk= dh mifLFkfr dh x.kuk ijh{kkQy ?kksf"kr gksus ds nlosa fnu ls gksxhA
10 dksbZ Nk=] tks fofu;e 4] v/;k; pkSng esa mfYyf[kr fdlh laLFkk }kjk ekU;rk izkIr vFkok lEc) dkyst esa l= ds
fdlh Hkkx esa jgk gS] ifj"kn~ }kjk ekU;rk izkIr dkyst esa izfo"V gks ldrk gS vkSj ml dkyst esa mudh mifLFkfr ds O;k[;ku
b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa okafNr mifLFkfr ds izfr'kr ds fy, ifjxf.kr dj fy, tk;saxAs
11 ekU;rk izkIr laLFkkvksa ds iz/kkuksa dk furkUr vlarks"ktud dk;Z djus okyksa dks NksM+dj ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks jksdus dh
vuqefr ugha gS] ftUgksaus ifj"kn~ dh fdlh ijh{kk esa izos'k dh 'krksaZ dks iwjk dj fy;k gSA
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd bl fofu;e ds vUrxZr d{kk dks iwjh la[;k ds 10 izfr'kr ls vf/kd Nk= ugha jksds tk;saxsA ekU;rk
laLFkkvksa ds iz/kku Nk=ksa dks jksdus ds vf/kdkj dk iz;ksx fyf[kr ijh{kk izkjEHk gksus ds rhu lIrkg iwoZ rd dj ldrs gSa vkSj muds
bl fu.kZ; ds fo#) dksbZ vihy ugha gks ldsxhA ekU;rk izkIr laLFkkvksa ds iz/kku] lfpo dks ,d ckj fLFkfr dh lwpuk nsus ds
i'pkr~ vius fu.kZ; dks la'kksf/kr ugha djsaxAs
12 ij ds [k.M 1 esa lfEefyr 'krksaZ ds gksrs gq, Hkh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkkvksa ds iz/kku ,sls Nk=ksa dks ifj"kn~ dh gksus
okyh ijh{kk esa cSBus ls jksd ldrs gSa] tks 'kjhj f'k{kk] ,u0lh0lh0 vFkok ih0,l0Mh0 ds fy, fn;s gq, leLr lkeku rFkk ofnZ;ka
ugha ykSVkrs gSa vFkok muds [kks tkus ij ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk ls iwoZ 15 Qjojh rd mudk ewY; ugha ns nsrs gSaA
13 U;wure mifLFkfr ds fu;e dk dM+kbZ ls ikyu fd;k tk;sxk] fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk dk iz/kku mifLFkfr dh deh
dk e"kZ.k vf/kdre&
[d] gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, 10 fnu dk vkSj [[k] b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, izR;sd fo"k;
esa fn;s x;s 10 O;k[;ku f;kRed dk;Z ds ?k.Vksa lfgr ;fn gks dj ldrk gS] ,sls leLr ekeyksa dh lwpuk ftlesa bl
fo'ks"kkf/kdkj dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gS] f'k{kk funs'kd ek/;fed dks ifj"kn~ ds lHkkifr ds :i esa nh tk;sxhA
rFkkfi mu ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds lEcU/k esa ftudh dsoy ,d o"kZ dh mifLFkfr gh ifjxf.kr gksuh gS] e"kZ.k dh ;g lhek dsoy
vk/kh vFkkZr~ ikap fnu vFkok ikap O;k[;ku tSlh fLFkfr gks] jg tk;sxhA
iqu'p&d
'p& 75 izfr'kr fnu vFkok O;k[;ku ftuesa ,d ijh{kkFkhZ dks mifLFkfr jguk gS vFkok [k mudh mifLFkfr esa
deh ifjxf.kr djus esa ,d fnu vFkok O;k[;ku dks fHkUu ij /;ku fn;k tkuk pkfg,A

fo"k; ifjorZu
6&ekU;rk izkIr laLFkkvksa ds iz/kku d{kk 9 esa fo"k;@fo"k;ksa esa ifjorZu dh rFkk d{kk 11 esa ,d gh oxZ esa vFkok ,d oxZ
ls nwljs oxZ esa fo"k; ifjorZu dh vuqefr ns ldrs gSaA d{kk 10 esa ,d gh fo"k;@fo"k;ksa rFkk d{kk 12 esa ,d gh oxZ esa fo"k;
vFkok fo"k;ksa ds vFkok ,d oxZ ls nwljs oxZ esa ifjorZu dh lk/kkj.kr% vuqefr ugha nh tkrh gS] ijUrq fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr;kas esa eq[;
:i ls vuqRrh.kZ vFkok jksds x;s ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds lEcU/k esa ifjorZu dh vkKk nh tk ldrh gS vkSj bl izdkj ,sls ekeyksa dh lwpuk
ifj"kn~ dks dkj.kksa lfgr nh tkuh pkfg,A ,d ls vf/kd fo"k; ifjofrZr djus dh vkKk cgqr gh de nh tkuh pkfg,A ijh{kkFkhZ ds
,d fo"k; dh mifLFkfr] ftls og ckn esa laLFkk ds iz/kku dh vuqefr ls ifjofrZr djrk gSA u;s fo"k;ksa dh mifLFkfr ds lkFk u;s
fo"k; esa bldh mifLFkfr dk izfr'kr ifjxf.kr djus ds fy, ifjxf.kr dh tk;sxhA ijh{kk esa cSBus dk vkosnu&i= lfpo ds ikl
vxzlkfjr dj nsus ds i'pkr~ fo"k; esa ifjorZu dh vuqefr dnkfi ugha nh tk;sxhA

Nk=ksa dk izos'k ,oa izksUufr


7&dksbZ Nk= ftlus dHkh fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk esa f'k{kk ugha ik;h gS vFkok ftlus d{kk&10 esa izkUs ufr gksus ls iwoZ
ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk dks NksM+ fn;k ijUrq ftls O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa cSBus dh vuqefr izkIr gks x;h gS vkSj
mlesa cSB ugha ldk] d{kk&10 esa izos'k dk ik= ugha gksxkA blh izdkj dksbZ Nk= ftlus gkbZLdwy ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djus ds i'pkr~
ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk esa v/;;u ugha fd;k vFkok d{kk&12 esa izkUs ufr gksus ls iwoZ ftlus ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk dks NksM+ fn;k ijUrq ftls
O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa cSBus dh vuqefr izkIr gks x;h vkSj mlesa cSB ugha ldk] d{kk&12 esa izos'k dk
ik= ugha gksxkA
[3] 7&d ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk ds iz/kku dk] Nk=ksa dk d{kk&9 ls 10 vFkok 11 ls 12 esa izksUufr djus dk fu.kZ; izR;sd
o"kZ ds ekpZ ds vUr rd vfUre :i ls gks tk;sxkA

O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ
izos'k ds fu;e
8&O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ vFkok ifj"kn~ }kjk ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk esa fu/kkZfjr vkSj visf{kr mifLFkfr ds fcuk ijh{kk esa izos'k
pkgus okys O;fDr fuEufyf[kr 'krksaZ ij ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk esa cSBus ds ik= gksaxs&
[1] 1 dksbZ O;fDr] tks O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa ijh{kk esa cSBuk pkgrk gS] vkxkeh ijh{kk ds fy, fu/kkZfjr frfFk ls
iwoZ 05 vxLr rd ijh{kk ds fy, fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd lfgr ml laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk tks ijh{kk dk iathdj.k dsUnz gS] vkosnu djsxkA
laLFkk ds iz/kku izos'k gsrq bPNqd vH;FkhZ ds fooj.k] ftlesa vH;FkhZ dk uke] firk dk uke] ekrk dk uke rFkk mir fd;s x;s
fo"k;ksa dk mYys[k gks izkIr dj vf/kd ls vf/kd 10 vxLr rd jktdh; dks"kkxkj esa tek dj ifj"kn~ dh fu/kkZfjr osclkbV ij
fnukad 01 ebZ ls 16 vxLr rd vku ykbu vkosnu djsaxsA 10 vxLr ds i'pkr~ laLFkk ds iz/kku vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k izkIr dj
16 vxLr rd 100 #i;s izfr Nk= dh nj ls foyEc 'kqYd ds lkFk dks"kkxkj esa tek dj 20 vxLr rd vku ykbu vkosnu
djsaxsA
21 vxLr ls 31 vxLr rd vkWu ykbu dh osclkbV cUn jgsxhA bl chp laLFkk ds iz/kku vkWu ykbu vkosfnr vH;fFkZ;ksa
ds fooj.k dh Hkyh&Hkkafr tkap djasxsA 01 flrEcj ls 10 flrEcj rd osclkbV iqu% [kksyh tk;sxh] ftlesa laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk
vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k esa la'kks/ku] ifjorZu@ifjo/kZu ;fn dksbZ gks Lohdkj@viMsV fd;s tk;saxAs mDr frfFk ds i'pkr~ vH;fFkZ;ksa ds
fooj.k esa dksbZ la'kks/ku] ifjorZu@ifjo/kZu Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA
d b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds fy, fofu;e&2] v/;k; pkSng esa of.kZr vFkok gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds fy, fofu;e 101]
v/;k; ckjg esa of.kZr ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds izek.k&i= dh ;FkkFkZ izfrfyfiA
[k ijh{kkFkhZ dks vafre laLFkk] ;fn dksbZbZ gks] }kjk nh x;h Nk= iath dh ewy izfrA
x ftl Js.kh ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, f'k{kk foHkkxh; i=kpkj f'k{kk laLFkku }kjk i=kpkj ikB~;e lapkfyr gks mudh
i=kpkj ikB~;e ds vuqlj.k ds lEcU/k esa laLFkku }kjk fn;s x;s izek.k&i= dh ;FkkFkZ izfrfyfi tks ijh{kk
ijh{kk dh frfFk ij oS/k vkSj
ekU; gksA
mu laLFkkvksa ds iz/kku tks ifj"kn~ ds ijh{kkvksa ds iathdj.k dsUnz gSa] ,sls O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k tks ik= gS] tkap
djds rFkk lfpo }kjk fofgr izi=ksa dh iwfrZ djds muds }kjk fu/kkZfjr frfFk rd vku ykbu vkosnu fd;k tk;sxkA fdlh ljdkjh
vFkok xSj ljdkjh laLFkk esa dk;Zjr vH;FkhZ dks vius lsok;kstd ls ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksus gsrq vukifRr izek.k&i= izLrqr djuk
gksxkA rF;ksa dks fNikuk laKs; vijk/k gksxk vkSj blls ijh{kkQy fujLr fd;k tk ldrk gSA
[2] 1 fo[kf.MrA
[2] 2 fo[kf.MrA
[2] 3 fo[kf.MrA

vxzlkj.k vf/kdkfj;ksa dk ikfjJfed


9&,slh laLFkk ds iz/kku] tks ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk dk iathdj.k dsUnz gS vFkok ,sls vU; O;fDr dks bl iz;kstu gsr l{ke
izkf/kdkjh }kjk fu;qDr fd;s tk;s bl v/;k; ds fofu;e 8 esa fofgr fof/k ls vkosnu&i= dh le; ls izkfIr] fofgr vgZrkvksa rFkk
fofufnZ"V izi= vkfn dh tkap rFkk le; ls izs"k.k ds fy, O;fDrxr :i ls mRrjnk;h gksaxsA bl gsrq mUgsa ikap #i;s izfr ijh{kkFkhZ
dh nj ls ikfjJfed ns; gksxk ftlesa ls os nks #i;s izfr ijh{kkFkhZ dh nj ls mi;qZDr dk;Z esa viuh lgk;rk djus okys O;fDr dks
nsaxsA vxzlkj.k vf/kdkjh vkosnu&i= lfpo dks Hkstus ds i'pkr~ ikfjJfed ikouk&i= lfpo dks HkstsaxsA ij fufnZ"V dk;Z esa
v'kq)rk vFkok foyEc vkfn ds fy, vxzlkj.k vf/kdkjh ds ikfjJfed esa dVkSrh vFkok muds fo#) n.MkRed dk;Zokgh ifj"kn~
}kjk dh tk ldsxhA vxzlkj.k vf/kdkjh ijh{kkFkhZ ls fdlh izdkj dk vxzlkj.k 'kqYd udn ugha ysaxsA ijh{kkFkhZ ls ifj"kn~ }kjk
fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd ds vfrfjDr dksbZ vU; 'kqYd] pUnk vFkok nku ugha fy;k tk;sxkA

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh ik=rk


[6] 10&1 ifj"kn~ vFkok f'k{kk foHkkx] mRrj izns'k }kjk ekU;rk izkIr mPprj ek/;fed fo|ky; dh d{kk&9 dh ijh{kk
vFkok vU; jkT;ksa ds f'k{kk foHkkx }kjk lapkfyr ;k ekU;rk izkIr dksbZ led{k ijh{kkFkhZ mRrh.kZ ijh{kkFkhZ gh gkbZLdwwy esa O;fDrxr
ijh{kk ds :i esa cSBus ds fy, ik= gksaxs fdUrq f'k{kk foHkkx] m0 iz0 }kjk lapkfyr tw0gk0 Ldwy d{kk 8 vFkok led{k ijh{kk
mRrh.kZ ,sls vH;FkhZ] tks fdUgha dkj.kksa ls dkjkxkj esa fu#) gksus ds dkj.k d{kk&9 dh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ ugha dj lds] dks gkbZLdwy esa
O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa cSBus gsrq d{kk 9 mRrh.kZ gksus dh vfuok;Zrk ls eqfDr jgsxhA

6
[6] d izns'k ds fofHkUu dkjkxkjksa esa fu#) cfUn;ksa dks gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa lfEefyr gksus
dh lqfo/kk iznku dj nh tk;A ,sls cfUn;ksa dks d{kk 8 dh ijh{kk mRrh.kZ gksuk vfuok;Z gksxkA pwafd d{kk 10 dks ijh{kk esa O;fDrxr
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds lfEefyr gksus dh U;wure vgZrk d{kk 9 mRrh.kZ gksuk gS] ,slh fLFkfr esa dkjkxkj esa fu#) cfUn;ksa dks d{kk 9 dh
ijh{kk mRrh.kZ gksus dh vfuok;Zrk ls eqfDr iznku dh tk;A
[6] [k dkjkxkj esa fu#) ,sls cUnh] tks d{kk 10 vFkok led{k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ gS]a mUgsa b.VjehfM,V dh ijh{kk esa
O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa lfEefyr djk;k tk;A ,sls ijh{kkFkhZ i=kpkj f'k{k.k dh vfuok;Zrk ls eqDr jgsxa sA
[6] x dkjkxkj esa fu#) cfUn;ksa ds ijh{kk vkosnu&i= fu/kkZfjr ijh{kk 'kqYd ds dks"k&i= ,oa ukekoyh lfgr lacaf/kr
tsy v/kh{kd }kjk vxzlkfjr fd;s tk;saxsA tsy v/kh{kd }kjk vxzlkfjr leLr vkosnu&i= lacaf/kr ftys ds ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kdksa
ds ikl izsf"kr fd;s tk;saxs ftls muds }kjk ifj"kn~ ds lacaf/kr {ks=h; dk;kZy;ksa dks izsf"kr fd;k tk;sxkA
[6] ?k dkjkxkj esa fu#) cfUn;ksa dh ijh{kk;sa dkjkxkj egkfujh{kd dh laLrqfr ij fofHkUu dsUnzh;@ftyk dkjkxkjksa ij
vk;ksftr dh tk;] tgka ij ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kd vko';drkuqlkj i;Zos{kd dh rSukrh djsaxsA
[6] dkjkxkj esa fu#) cfUn;ksa ds mRrj iqLrd iz'u&i= vkfn dh O;oLFkk lacaf/kr ftys ds ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kd
}kjk dh tk;sxhA
[6] p fyf[kr mRrj iqLrdksa ds c.My tsy v/kh{kd }kjk lacaf/kr ftys ds ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kd dks gh izkIr djk;k
tk;sxkA
[2] 2 fo[kf.MrA
3 vkxkeh gksus okyh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk eas O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds :i esa izfo"V gksus dh vuqefr mu ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ugha
nh tk;sxh] ftUgsa d{kk&10 ds fy, izksUur izkIr gksus esa lQyrk ugha feyk gSA

vkaXy Hkkjrh; fo|ky;


11&fdlh vkaXy Hkkjrh; fo|ky; dks NksM+us okyk ijh{kkFkhZ gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa ml 'kSf{kd o"kZ ds iwoZ rd izfof"V u gks
ldsxk] ftlesa fd og dSfEczt Ldwy lVhZfQdsV ijh{kk esa izos'k dk ik= gksrk] ;fn og vkaXy Hkkjrh; fo|ky; esa v/;;u djrk
jgrkA vkaXy Hkkjrh; fo|ky; esa Nk= ds :i esa v/;;u djus okys vFkok fdlh ,sls Nk= dk vkosnu&i=] ftldk vafre fo|ky;
vkaXy Hkkjrh; fo|ky; Fkk] vkaXy Hkkjrh; fo|ky;ksa ds fujh{kd }kjk ml laLFkk ds vkpk;Z ds fy, vxzlkfjr gksuk pkfg,] ftls
ijh{kkFkhZ vius dsUnz ds :i esa pqurk gSA

jkT; ls ckgj ds ijh{kkFkhZ


[1] 12&ij ds fofu;e 10 v/;k; ckjg ds v/khu ifj"kn~ ds izknsf'kd vf/k{ks=ksa ds ckgj jgus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks
ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kkvksa esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds :i esa izfo"V gksus dh vuqefr nh tk ldrh gSA lacaf/kr jkT;ksa ds e.Myh; fo|ky;
fujh{kd@l{ke f'k{kk vf/kdkjh ,sls ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh vgZrk laca/kh izi= ml laLFkk ds iz/kku dks vxzlkfjr djsax]s ftUgsa ijh{kkFkhZ vius
iathdj.k dsUnz ds :i esa pqurk gSA laLFkk ds iz/kku fofu;ekuqlkj ,sls bPNqd@vgZ ijh{kkFkhZ ds fooj.k ftlesa vH;FkhZ dk uke] firk
dk uke] ekrk dk uke rFkk mir fd;s x;s fo"k;ksa dk mYys[k gks 05 vxLr rd izkIr dj 10 vxLr rd jktdh; dks"kkxkj esa
tek dj ifj"kn~ dh fu/kkZfjr osclkbV ij fnukad 01 ebZ ls 10 vxLr rd vku ykbu vkosnu djsaxsA 10 vxLr ds i'pkr~ laLFkk
ds iz/kku ,sls vH;fFkZ;ksa ds fooj.k izkIr dj 16 vxLr rd 100 #i;s izfr Nk= dh nj ls foyEc 'kqYd ds lkFk dks"kkxkj esa tek
dj 20 vxLr rd vku ykbu vkosnu dj ldsaxsA

dsUnz ifjorZu vkSj fo"k; ifjorZu


13&lk/kkj.kr% O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ dks vkosnu&i= izLrqr djus ds i'pkr~ fo"k; vFkok dsUnz ifjofrZr djus dh vkKk u nh
tk;sxhA

fdlh led{k ijh{kk esa ,d lkFk cSBuk


14&fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dks tks O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa ifj"kn~ dh fdlh ijh{kk rFkk vU; fudk; }kjk lapkfyr led{k
ijh{kk esa cSBuk pkgrk gS] ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk essa cSBus dh vuqefr ugha nh tk ldrh gSA

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk f;kRed dk;Z iwjk djus dk izek.k&i=


15&bu fofu;eksa ds 'krksaZ ds gksrs gq, Hkh dksbZ O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ifj"kn~ dh fdlh ijh{kk ds fy, f;kRed dk;Z vFkok
f;kRed ijh{kk okys fo"k;d dks ys ldrk gS] izfrcU/k ;g gS fd ;fn pquk gqvk fo"k; HkkSfrd foKku vFkok jlk;u foKku vFkok
tho foKku vFkok d`f"k foKku vFkok fp=dyk vFkok lSU; foKku vFkok Hkw&xHkZ foKku gS rks mls ifj"kn~ }kjk ekU;rk izkIr ,d

laLFkk esa ijh{kk ds fy, ml fo"k; esa fu/kkZfjr leLr f;kRed ,oa fyf[kr dk;Z mlh l= esa ftlesa og ijh{kk esa cSBuk pkgrk gS]
iwjk djuk pkfg, vkSj bl lEcU/k esa laLFkk ds iz/kku dk ,d izek.k&i= ijh{kk dh frfFk ls iwoZ dh tuojh ds vUr rd izLrqr
djuk pkfg,A fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dks tks ,d ckj ijh{kk esa cSB pqdk gS rFkk vuqRrh.kZ gks pqdk gS] ml fo"k; ds f;kRed dk;Z vFkok
f;kRed ijh{kk ds lEcU/k esa ftlesa og igys gh ijh{kk ns pqdk gS] izek.k&i= izLrqr ugha djuk iM+sxkA

O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ lfefr


16&vfHkizsr O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds vkosnu&i= tks vxzlkj.k vf/kdkfj;ksa ls ;Fkkfof/k ijhf{kr rFkk gLrk{kfjr gksdj izkIr
gks] fofu;e 3 v/;k; N% ds v/khu fu;qDr mi lfefr ds ikl lafujh{kk ds fy, Hksts tk;saxAs lafujh{kk ds i'pkr~ mi lfefr }kjk
;s vkosnu&i= Lohd`r ;k vLohd`r fd;s tk;saxsA

vfrfjDr fo"k;ksa esa izos'k dh ik=rk


17&bu fofu;eksa dh 'krkZsa ds gksrs gq, Hkh fuEufyf[kr Js.kh ds ijh{kkFkhZ Hkh O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :Ik esa izfo"V gks ldrs
gaS%&
1 dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ ftlus gkbZLdwy vFkok mlds led{k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dh gS] ckn dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa ,d vFkok
vf/kdre ikp fo"k;ksa esa dEI;wVj fo"k; NksM+dj izfo"V gks ldrk gS vkSj ,slk ijh{kkFkhZ ;fn lQy gks tkos rks og
vfrfjDr fy, mRrh.kZ fo"k; vFkok fo"k;ksa esa ijh{kk mRrh.kZ gksus dk izek.k&i= ikus dk vf/kdkjh gksxk vkSj mls dksbZ
Js.kh ugha nh tk;sxhA
2 dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ ftlus b.VjehfM,V vFkok led{k dksbZ ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dh gS ckn dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa ,d vFkok
vf/kdre pkj fo"k;ksa dEI;wVj oxZ rFkk O;olkf;d oxZ ds fo"k;ksa dks NksM+dj cSB ldrk gS vkSj og ijh{kkFkhZ ;fn
lQy gks tk;s rks mlds }kjk mig`r fd;s x;s fo"k; vFkok fo"k;ksa esa mRrh.kZ gksus dk izek.k&i= ikus dk vf/kdkjh
gksxk vkSj mls dksbZ Js.kh ugha nh tk;sxhA izfrcU/k ;g gS fd fo"k; vFkok fo"k;ksa dk pquko dsoy ,d oxZ rd gh
lhfer gksA
3 bl fofu;e ds vUrxZr lfEefyr gksus okys ijh{kkFkhZ mu fo"k; vFkok fo"k;ksa dk p;u ugha dj ldsaxs] tks muds }kjk
iwoZ dh gkbZLdwy rFkk b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa ftlesa og mRrh.kZ gq, Fks] fy, x;s FksA lkFk gh ijh{kkFkhZ vk/kqfud
Hkkjrh;] fons'kh rFkk 'kkL=h Hkk"kk lewgksa ds izR;sd lewg esa ls dsoy ,d gh Hkk"kk dk p;u dj ldsaxsA
4 ijh{kkFkhZ] bl fofu;e esa vUrxZr ,d ckj esa dsoy ,d gh ijh{kk gkbZLdwy vFkok b.VjehfM,V esa izfo"V gks ldsaxsA
5 gkbZLdwy rFkk b.VjehfM,V dh lEiw.kZ ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksus okys ijh{kkFkhZ bl fofu;e ds vUrxZr ijh{kk esa cSBus
ds ik= ugha gksaxAs
6 bl fofu;e ds vUrxZr ijh{kkFkhZ ds fdlh fo"k; vFkok fo"k;ksa esa vuqRrh.kZ gksus ij dksbZ vuqxzgkad xzsl ns; ugha
gksxkA
[4]7 fuEufyf[kr ijh{kkvksa dks ifj"kn dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds led{k ekU;rk izkIr gS &
1&cksMZ vkWQ b.VjehfM,V ,twds'ku vkU/kz izns'k
2&vle gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku dkmfUly] xqokgkVhA
3&xoZesUV vkWQ dukZVdk fMikVZesUV vkWQ izh&;wuhoflZVh ,twds'ku] caxyksjA
4&dkmfUly vkWQ gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twd's ku] mM+hlkA
5&cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku mRrjk[k.M] jkeuxj] uSuhrkyA
6&xqtjkr lsds.Mjh ,.M gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku cksMZ xka/khuxjA
7&dsjyk cksMZ vkQ ifCyd ,Dtkfeus'ku] fr:ouUriqjeA
8&egkjk"V LVsV cksMZ vkQ lsds.Mjh ,.M gk;j lsds.Mjh ,tqds'ku] iq.ksA
9&dkmfUly vkWQ gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twd's ku] e.khiqj] bEQkyA
10&osLV caxky dkmfUly vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] dksydrkA
11&ek/;fed laLd`r f'k{kk ifj"kn] m0iz0 }kjk lapkfyr mRrj e/;ek ijh{kkA
12&mRrj izns'k enjlk f'k{kk ifj"kn] y[ku }kjk lapkfyr vkfye ijh{kkA
13&fcgkj Ldwy ,Xtkfeus'ku cksMZ] iVukA

14&lsUVy cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] ubZ fnYyhA


15&NRrhlx<+ cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] jk;iqjA
16&dkmfUly Qkj fn bf.M;u Ldwy lVhZfQdsV ,Xtkfeus'ku] ubZ fnYyhA
17&n;kyckx ,twds'ku bULVhV~;wV MhEM ;wfuoflZVh n;kyckx vkxjkA
18&xksok cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,.M gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] xksokA
19&cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku gfj;k.kk] fHkokuhA
20&fgekpy izns'k Ldwy f'k{kk cksMZ] dkaxM+kA
21&ts0 ,.M ds0 LVsV cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] tEewA
22&>kj[k.M ,dsMeh dkmfUly] jkphA
23&ek/;fed f'k{kk e.My e/; izns'k] HkksikyA
24&es?kky; cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] es?kky;A
25&fetksje cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] ,stkyA
26&ukxkyS.M cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] dksfgekA
27&iatkc Ldwy ,twds'ku cksMZ eksgkyhA
28&ek/;fed f'k{kk cksMZ] jktLFkku] vtesjA
29&LVsV cksMZ vkQ Ldwy ,Dtkfeus'ku lsds.Mjh ,oa cksMZ vkQ gk;j lsds.Mjh ,Dtkfeus'ku rfeyukMwA
30&f=iqjk cksMZ vkQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku vxjrykA
31&jk"Vh; vksisu Ldwy ubZ fnYyh }kjk lapkfyr lhfu;j lsds.Mjh mPp ek/;fed ijh{kk bl
izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd ;g ijh{kk de ls de ikp fo"k;ksa esa mRrh.kZ dh xbZ gksA
32&Hkkjr esa fof/k }kjk LFkkfir ,sls ijh{kk laLFkk@fo'ofo|ky; }kjk lapkfyr b.VjehfM,V vFkok
blds led{k lapkfyr ijh{kk;sa ftuds lEcU/k esa lfpo] ek/;fed f'k{kk] m0 iz0 'kklu dk lek/kku gks x;k gS]
ifj"kn dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds led{k ekU; gksxhA
[5] 33&Mk0 'kdqUryk feJk iquokZl fo'ofo|ky;] y[ku }kjk lapkfyr izh&fMxzh lVhZfQdsV Qkj
MsQ LVwMsUV ijh{kk bl izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd ;g ijh{kk ikap fo"k;ksa ds lkFk mRrh.kZ dh x;h gksA
Jsf.k;k
18&bu fofu;eksa esa] tgka blls izfrdwy izko/kku gks] mls NksM+dj ifj"kn dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djus okys
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds uke rhu Jsf.k;ksa esa j[ksa tk;saxsA dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ tks lEiw.kZ ;ksxkad ds 75 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kd vadks ls
mRrh.kZ gksrk gS] lEeku lfgr mRrh.kZ gqvk Hkh fn[kk;k tk;sxkA
19&tks ijh{kkFkhZ ,d ijh{kk esa vuqRrh.kZ gks x;k gS] ckn dh ,d vFkok vf/kd ijh{kkvksa esa laLFkkxr vFkok O;fDrxr
ijh{kkFkhZ ds :Ik esa izfo"V gks ldrk gS] bl izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd mls ,sls izR;sd volj ij lfpo dks vk'oLr djuk
gksxk fd mlus ifj"kn dh ijh{kkvksa esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds izos'k ds fy, fu/kkZfjr 'krksZa dh iwfrZ dj nh gSA
19&d gkbZLdwy d{kk 9 ,oa 10 rFkk b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa vH;FkhZ dsoy ,d gh ek/;e laLFkkxr vFkok O;fDrxr
ls vkosnu&i= Hkj dj ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gks ldrk gSA fdlh Hkh n'kk esa vH;FkhZ dks ,d ijh{kk o"kZ esa ,d ls
vf/kd laLFkk@laLFkkvksa ls laLFkkxr vFkok O;fDrxr vFkok nksuksa izdkj ls vkosnu&i= Hkjus vFkok ijh{kk esa
lfEefyr gksus dh vuqefr ugha gksxhA rF;ksa dks fNikuk vijk/k gksxkA bl fofu;e ds mYya?ku dk nks"kh ik;s tkus
okys vH;fFkZ;ksa dh vH;fFkZrk fujLr dj nh tk;sxh rFkk muds fooj.k ;fn ifj"knh; vfHkys[kksa esa vafdr gks x;s gSa]
rks mUgsa foyqIr djk fn;k tk;sxk vFkok vH;FkhZ ds ijh{kk esa vfu;fer :Ik ls lfEefyr gksus dh n'kk esa ijh{kkQy
fujLr dj fn;k tk;sxk] ftldk lEiw.kZ mRrjnkf;Ro vH;FkhZ dk gksxkA
20&ifj"knh; ijh{kkvksa esa vH;fFkZ;ksa dks fuEu O;oLFkkvksa ds vuqlkj vuqxzgkad ns; gksxk&&
(7) d gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds lUnHkZ esa&
1 gkbZLdwy Lrj ij N% fyf[kr fo"k;ksa esa ls fdUgh ikkap fo"k;ksa esa mRrh.kZ gksus ij ijh{kkFkhZ dks mRrh.kZ ?kksf"kr fd;k
tk;sxkA ftl fo"k; esa ijh{kkFkhZ vuqRrh.kZ gks mls mlh o"kZ dh tqykbZ ekg esa iqu% ijh{kk esa cSBus dh vuqefr iznku dh tk;sxhA
mRrh.kZ gksus dh n'kk esa ijh{kkFkhZ dks vuqRrh.kZ gq, fo"k; esa vkxs v/;;u djus dh lqfo/kk jgsxhA

2 gkbZLdwy Lrj ij nks fo"k;ksa esa vuqRrh.kZ ijh{kkFkhZ dks mudh bPNkuqlkj fdlh ,d fo"k; esa bEizwoesUV ;k dEikVZesUV
ijh{kk nsus dh vuqefr tqykbZ ekg esa iznku dh tk;sxhA ;g lqfo/kk dsoy ,d fo"k; rd gh lhfer jgsxhA vad&i= esa bl vk'k;
dk vadu ugha fd;k tk;sxk fd ijh{kkFkhZ us bEizwoesUV ;k iwjd ijh{kk nh gSA ,sls ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks gkbZLdwy ijh{kk mRrh.kZ gksus dh n'kk
esa mlh o"kZ d{kk&11 esa izos'k fn;k tk;sxkA
[k b.Vj ijh{kk lk
lkekU; rFkk O;kolkf;d ds lUnHkZ esa&
1 ifj"kn dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa izfo"V ijh{kkFkhZ ;fn fdUgh nks fo"k;ksa ftlesa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ugha gksrh gS esa
vuqRrh.kZ jgs vkSj nksuksa fo"k;ksa esa mls i`Fkd&i`Fkd 25 izfr'kr ;k vf/kd vad feys gks rks mls mu vuqRrh.kZ gq, fo"k;ksa esa ikB~;e
lfefr }kjk fu/kkZfjr mRrh.kkZad rd vad ikus ds fy, mlds lEiw.kZ ;ksx ds vk/kkj ij ijh{kk lfefr }kjk le;&le; ij fu/kkZfjr
fu;eksa ds vuqlkj vko';d vad vuqxzgkad ds :Ik esa nsdj mRrh.kZ ?kksf"kr fd;k tk;sxk vkSj Js.kh nh tk;sxhA
2 ifj"kn dh ijh{kk esa izfo"V fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dks tks ,sls fo"k;ksa dk p;u djrk gS ftlesa fyf[kr ds lkFk&lkFk
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksrh gS dks vuqxzgkad gsrq iz;ksxkRed okys nks fo"k;ksa ftlesa og vuqRrh.kZ jgrk gS] esa fyf[kr rFkk iz;ksxkRed
ijh{kk esa vyx&vyx 25 izfr'kr ;k vf/kd vad ikuk vfuok;Z gksxkA bl izdkj iz;ksxkRed okys fo"k;ksa esa ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk fyf[kr
rFkk iz;ksxkRed nksuksa [k.Mksa esa vyx&vyx 25 izfr'kr vad izkIr djus ij gh og vuqxzgkad ikus ds fy, gdnkj gksxkA izfrcU/k
;g gS fd ijh{kkFkhZ dks ,d [k.M fyf[kr vFkok iz;ksxkRed [k.M esa ls fdlh ,d gh [k.M esa vuqxzgkad ns; gksxkA fdlh Hkh n'kk esa
ijh{kkFkhZ dks nksuksa [k.Mksa fyf[kr rFkk iz;ksxkRed esa vuqRrh.kZ gksus ij vuqxzgkad ns; ugha gksxkA ,sls ijh{kkFkhZ dks vuqRrh.kZ gq,
fo"k; esa ikB~;e lfefr }kjk fu/kkZfjr mRrh.kkaZd rd vad ikus ds fy, mlds lEiw.kZ ;ksx ds vk/kkj ij ijh{kk lfefr }kjk
le;&le; ij fu/kkZfjr fu;eksa ds vuqlkj vko';d vad vuqxzgkad ds :Ik esa nsdj mRrh.kZ ?kksf"kr fd;k tk;sxk vkSj Js.kh nh
tk;sxhA iz;ksxkRed fo"k;ksa esa fyf[kr rFkk iz;ksxkRed [k.Mksa gsrq ikB~;e lfefr }kjk fu/kkZfjr i`Fkd&i`Fkd iw.kkZd
a ds vk/kkj ij 25
izfr'kr vadksa dk fu/kkZj.k fd;k tk;sxkA
3 vH;FkhZ dks nks fo"k;ksa esa vkB vad dh lhek rd gh vuqxzgkad mudh vgZrkuqlkj ns; gksxkA
(7) x gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds vad&i= rFkk izek.k&i= esa izFke] f}rh; vFkok r`rh; Js.kh dk mYys[k ugha
fd;k tk;sxkA vad&i= esa dsoy fo"k;okj vadksa dk mYys[k djrs gq, ikl vFkok Qsy ds dqy izkIrkad dk mYys[k Hkh ugha jgsxkA
ifj"kn dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa Js.kh iznku dh ;kstuk fuEuor~ gksxh&&
lEeku lfgr mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy, okafNr U;wure vad

lEiw.kZ ;ksx dk 75 izfr'kr

izFke Js.kh ds fy, okafNr U;wure vad

;ksxkad dk 60 izfr'kr

f}rh; Js.kh ds fy, okafNr U;wure vad

;ksxkad dk 45 izfr'kr

r`rh; Js.kh ds fy, okafNr U;wure vad

;ksxkad dk 33 izfr'kr
tgka blds izfrdwy mYys[k u gksA

uksV&1&
& &,d fo"k; esa ;ksxkad dk 75 izfr'kr gksus ij fo"k; esa fo'ks"k ;ksX;rk iznku dh tk;sxhA
2&d`f"k rFkk O;olkf;d oxZ dh ijh{kk ds fy, foLr`r ;kstuk iw.kkZad rFkk U;wure mRrh.kkZad fooj.k if=dk esa i`Fkd
ls fn, x, gSaA
(8) ?k fo[kf.MrA
(8) fo[kf.MrA
(8) p fo[kf.MrA
(8) N fo[kf.MrA
(8) t fo[kf.MrA
(8) > fo[kf.MrA
(8) fo[kf.MrA
(8) V fo[kf.MrA

10

lfujh{kk mldh dk;Z&fof/k


21&gkbZLdwy rFkk b.VjehfM,V ds ijh{kkFkhZ tks viuh mRrj&iqLrdas lafujhf{kr djkuk pkgrs gaS] fuEufyf[kr fu;eksa ds
vuqlkj djk ldrs gSa&&
d dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ tks ifj"kn }kjk lapkfyr ijh{kk esa izfo"V gqvk gS] fo"k;ksa ds vius vadks dh lafujh{kk ds fy,
vkosnu&i= ns ldrk gSA
[k lfUujh{kk gsrq vkosnu&i= ds lkFk #0 100-00 fo"k; ds izfr iz'u&i= dh nj ls fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd dk dks"k&i= layXu
djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA iz;ksxkRed dh lfUujh{kk gsrq #0 100-00 dk 'kqYd izfr iz;ksxkRed fo"k; i`Fkd ls ns; gksxkA mRrj izns'k ds
ckgj ds LFkku ls vkosnu&i= Hkstus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds lEcU/k esa ;g 'kqYd lfpo ds dk;kZy; esa jsf[kr iksLVy vkMZj vFkok LVsV
cSad vkQ bf.M;k dh bykgkckn 'kk[kk ij jsf[kr cSad MkV }kjk Hkstk tkuk pkfg,A
x leLr vkosnu&i= ijh{kkQy ?kks"k.kk dh frfFk ls 30 fnu dh vof/k ds vUnj ifj"kn dk;kZy; dks vo'; izkIr gks
tkus pkfg,A fu/kkZfjr vof/k ds Ik'pkr~ izkIr vkosnu&i=ksa ij dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha dh tk;sxhA vkosnu&i= ds lkFk ,d lknk fyQkQk
irs lfgr ftl irs ij ijh{kkFkhZ lfUujh{kk ifj.kke dh lwpuk pkgrk gS layXu djuk vfuok;Z gksxk] ftl ij jftLVh gsrq fu/kkZfjr
'kqYd dk Mkd fVdV yxk gksA
?k b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk dh mRrj iqLrdksa dh lfUujh{kk gsrq vkosfnr leLr ekeyksa dk fuLrkj.k ijh{kk o"kZ dh 31 tqykbZ
rd rFkk gkbZLdwy dh mRrj iqLrdksa dh lfUujh{kk gsrq vkosfnr leLr ekeyksa dk fuLrkj.k ijh{kk o"kZ dh 15 vxLr rd dj fn;k
tk;sxkA lfUujh{kk dh lekfIr ij ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks muds }kjk mfYyf[kr irs ij lfUujh{kk ifj.kke dh lwpuk nh tk;sxhA
lfUujh{kk dk rkRi;Z mRrj iqLrdksa dk iqueZwY;kadu ugha gSA lfUujh{kk dk;Z esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh mRrj iqLrdksa esa ;g ns[kk
tk;sxk fd ijh{kkFkhZ dh mRrj iqLrd esa D;k vyx&vyx iz'uksa esa fn;s x;s vadksa dk ;ksx djus] mUgsa vxzsuhr djus vFkok fdlh
iz'u vFkok mlds Hkkx ij vad nsuk NwVus dh dksbZ =qfV ugha gqbZ gSA lfUujh{kk dk;Z esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks mRrj iqLrdksa esa ijh{kd }kjk
ewY;kafdr iz'uksa ds mRrjksa dk iqueZwY;kadu ugha fd;k tk;sxkA
'kqYd
22&ifj"kn }kjk yh tkus okyh ijh{kkvksa ds lEcU/k esa fuEufyf[kr 'kqYd fy, tk;sax&s &
1&gkbZLdwy ijh{kk
%
d fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk ds izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ ls 80 #i;sA
[k izR;sd O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ls 100 #i;s
2&fo[kf.Mr
3&b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk
% d fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk ds izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ ls 90 #i;sA
[k izR;sd O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ls 150 #i;s
4&d fo[kf.Mr
[k fo[kf.Mr
x b.VjehfM,V d`f"k Hkkx&1 ijh{kk
% fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk ds izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ ls 80 #i;sA
?k b.VjehfM,V d`f"k Hkkx&1 ijh{kk
% izR;sd O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ls 150 #i;s
b.VjehfM,V d`f"k Hkkx&2 ijh{kk
% fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk ds izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ ls 80 #i;sA
p b.VjehfM,V d`f"k Hkkx&2 ijh{kk
% izR;sd O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ls 150 #i;sA
N fofu;e 9 d v/;k; pkSng ds vUrxZr
% dsoy vaxzsth esa b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk 25 #i;sA
t fofu;e 9 d v/;k; pkSng ds vUrxZr
% 'ks"k fo"k;ksa esa b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk 100 #i;sA
[7] 5&gkbZLdwy dh iwjd ijh{kk vFkok ,d fo"k; esa izfo"V gksus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ls 'kqYd] mi;qZDr
250 #i;sA
fofu;eksa ds izko/kku gkbZLdwy ijh{kk d{kk&10 esa o"kZ 2010 dh ijh{kk ls izHkkoh gksaxs
6&fo[kf.Mr
7&ekpZ@vizSy dh eq[; ijh{kk esa ,d vFkok vf/kd fo"k;ksa dh ijh{kk % 200 #i;s izfr fo"k;A
8&ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds ijh{kkQy dh lfUujh{kk dk 'kqYd
% 100 #i;s fo"k; ds izfr iz'u&i=A

11

9&d fdlh laLFkkxr ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk fdlh ijh{kk esa izkIr vadksa
1 #i;s bl 'kqYd dk vk/kk lEcfU/kr laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk
ds izs"k.k dk vfuok;Z 'kqYd
j[k fy;k O;ksjsokj tk;sxk] tks ifj"kn ls lqlaxr lwpuk izkIr
gksus ds Ik'pkr~ izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ dks mlds O;ksjsokj vad Bhd
<ax ls eqfnzr izi= esa izsf"kr djsaxsA laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk j[ks
x, 'kqYd dk fooj.k fuEuor~ gksxkA
d ukekoyh cukus gsrq 12-5 izfr'krA
[k la[;k lwpd p fuekZ.k gsrq 12-5 izfr'krA
x izkIrkad i=ksa dks rS;kj djus rFkk mldh tkap gsrq 50
izfr'krA
?k izkIrkad iznku djus dh izf;k esa Mkd fVdV rFkk
ys[ku&lkexzh bR;kfn dh enksa esa O;; gsrq 25 izfr'krA
;a=hdj.k okys laLFkkvksa dks fLFkfr esa 'kqYd dks dsoy 25 izfr'kr /kujkf'k laLFkk ds iz/kku vFkok dsUnz ds v/kh{kd }kjk
tSlh fLFkfr gks] jksd yh tk;sxh] ftldk iz;ksx izkIrkad iznku djus dh izf;k esa Mkd O;; rFkk ys[ku&lkexzh vkfn dh enksa esa
O;; gsrq fd;k tk;sxkA
[k fdlh laLFkkxr ijh{kk ds vad&i= dh f}rh; izfrfyfi dk 'kqYd % 20 #i;sA
10&d fdlh O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk izkIr C;ksjsokj
02 #i;s bl 'kqYd dk vk/kk lEcfU/kr
vadksa ds izs"k.k dk 'kqYd
dsUnz ds v/kh{kd }kjk j[k fy;k tk;sxk] tks ifj"kn ds
lfpo ls lqlaxr lwpuk izkIr gksus ds Ik'pkr~ izR;sd O;fDrxr
ijh{kkFkhZ dks mlds C;ksjsokj vad Bhd <ax ls eqfnzr i= esa
izsf"kr djsxa sA dsUnz v/kh{kd }kjk j[ks x;s 'kqYd dh /kujkf'k dk
fooj.k fuEuor~ gksxkA
d ukekoyh cukus gsrq 12 izfr'kr
[k la[;k lwpd p ds fuekZ.k gsrq 12 izfr'kr
x izkIrkad i=ksa dks rS;kj djus rFkk mldh tkap gsrq 50
izfr'krA
?k izkIrkad iznku djus dh izf;k esa Mkd fVdV rFkk
ys[ku&lkexzh vkfn dh enksa esa O;; gsrq 25 izfr'krA
;a=hdj.k okys laLFkkvkksa dks fLFkfr esa 'kqYd dks dsoy 25
izfr'kr /kujkf'k laLFkk ds iz/kku vFkok dsUnz ds v/kh{kd }kjk
tSlh fLFkfr gks] jksd yh tk;sxh ftldk iz;ksx izkIrkad iznku
djus dh izf;k esa Mkd O;; rFkk ys[ku&lkexzh vkfn dh enksa
esa O;; gsrq fd;k tk;sxkA
[k fdlh O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds vad&i= dh f}rh;
20 #i;sA
izfrfyfi dk 'kqYd
vad&i=ksa dh f}rh; izfrfyfi lfpo ds dk;kZy; ls izsf"kr dh tk;sxh ftlds fy, vkosnu&i= fn;k tkuk pkfg,A
x fo[kf.Mr
11&foyEc
foyEc 'kqYd

12&izos'k&i= dh f}rh; izfrfyfi dk 'kqYd

100 #i;s fdlh


dh fdlh ijh{kk esa
vkosnu&i= fofu;eksa
vf/kdre 06 flrEcj
2 #i;sA

O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk ns; tks ifj"kn


izfo"V gksus dh vuqefr dk viuk
esa fu/kkZfjr frfFk ds Ik'pkr~ ijUrq
rd nsrk gSA

12

13&ifj"kn }kjk ,d ijh{kk ds fy, ijh{kkFkhZ dks fuxZr


20 #i;sA
izek.k&i= esa uke ifjorZu djkus dk 'kqYd
14&bl v/;k; ds fofu;e 28 ds vUrxZr fuxZr
50 #i;s izR;sd ijh{kk ds fy,A
izek.k&i= dh f}rh; izfrfyfi dk 'kqYd
15&ftl o"kZ esa ijh{kk gqbZ Fkh mldh 31 ekpZ ls 5 o"kZ ds
20 #i;sA
vUnj u fy, x, izek.k&i= dk 'kqYd
16&fdlh O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds fy, izcztu izek.k&i=
20 #i;sA
fuxZr gksus dk 'kqYd
17&laLFkk ds iz/kkuksa dks ijh{kkQy i=ksa dh f}rh;
10 #i;s izFke 100 ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa vFkok mlds vad ds fy,
izfrfyfi;ka izsf"kr djus dk 'kqYd
ckn ds 100 ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa vFkok mlds va'k ds fy, 5 #i;sA
18&O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds vkosnu&i= vxzlkj.k gsrq 'kqYd
5 #i;sA
'kqYd dh okilh
23&fdlh ijh{kk esa izfo"V gksus dh vuqefr ds fy, ,d ckj fn;k gqvk 'kqYd fuEufyf[kr dks NksM+dj okil u gksxk %
d n'kk;s] ftlesa iwjs 'kqYd dh okilh gks tk;sxh&&
[,d] ijh{kk ls iwoZ ijh{kkFkhZ dh e`R;qA
[nks] dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ] tks vkxs gksus okyh ijh{kk ds fy, fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd nsus ds Ik'pkr~ lfUujh{kk ds QyLo:Ik vFkok
vius jksds gq, ijh{kkQy ds eqDr gksus ij lQy ?kksf"kr dj fn;k tkrk gSA
[rhu] dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ] tks iwoZ ijh{kk ds fy, fn;s x;s 'kqYd] ftlesa og vLoLFkrk ds dkj.k izfo"V u gks ldk] ds
jksds tkus dh le; ls lwpuk izkIr u gksus ds dkj.k u;k 'kqYd tek dj nsrk gSA
[k n'kk;s]a ftlesa ,d #i;k de djds okilh gksxh %
[,d] tc dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ Hkwy ls 'kqYd dks ^^0202&f'k{kk [ksy&dyk vkSj laLd`fr] 01&lkekU; f'k{kk] 202&ek/;fed
f'k{kk] 02&cksMZ dh ijh{kkvkksa dk 'kqYd** 'kh"kZd esa tek dj nsa] ;|fi og fdlh vU; fudk; }kjk lapkfyr
ijh{kk esa izfo"V gksuk pkgrk@pkgrh gSA
[nks] ,sls ijh{kkFkhZ ds lEcU/k es]a ftudk vkosnu&i= ifj"kn vFkok vxzlkj.k izkf/kdkjh }kjk vLohd`r dj fn;k x;k
gksA
[rhu] tc dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ ifj"kn dh fdlh ijh{kk ds fy, fofgr 'kqYd ls vf/kd tek dj nsaA
[pkj] tc ifj"kn dh fdlh ijh{kk ds fy, ijh{kkFkhZ dh vksj ls fdlh vU; O;fDr }kjk xyrh ls 'kqYd tek dj
fn;k tk;A
iqu'p& d ^^'kqYd** dk rkRi;Z dsoy ijh{kk 'kqYd ls gS vkSj mlesa vad 'kqYd vFkok foyEc 'kqYd lfEefyr ugha gSA
[k 'kqYd dh okilh dk vkosnu&i= 'kqYd dks dks"kkxkj esa tek djus ds nks o"kZ ds Hkhrj gh izLrqr gks ldsxkA
x 'kqYd dh okilh ds fy, ml vH;FkhZ ds lEcU/k esa fdlh vkosnu&i= dh vko';drk ugha gSa ftldk
vkosnu&i= ifj"kn }kjk jn~n dj fn;k x;k gSA
'kqYd&LFkxu
24&vkosnu&i= nsus ij ifj"kn fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dks] tks fdlh ijh{kk esa izfo"V gksus ls vleFkZ jgk] vkxkeh gksus okyh
ijh{kk esa izos'k dh vuqefr mlds 'kqYd dh LFkfxr j[kdj fuEufyf[kr n'kkvksa esa ns ldrk gSA
,d fo[kf.MrA
nks fo[kf.MrA
rhu ijh{kkFkhZ ijh{kk ds le; Hka;dj :Ik ls :X.k Fkk vkSj mldks leFkZ fpfdRlk izkf/kdkjh us ;Fkkfof/k izekf.kr fd;k gSA
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds ijh{kk 'kqYd LFkfxr j[kus ds vkosnu&i= laLFkk ds iz/kku vFkok lEcfU/kr dsUnz v/kh{kd }kjk ifj"kn ds lfpo
dk;kZy; esa ijh{kk o"kZ dh 01 ebZ rd igqp tkus pkfg,A
iqu'p& d ,d ckj LFkfxr fd;k x;k 'kqYd iqu% LFkfxr ugha gks ldsxkA
[k eq[; ijh{kk ds rqjUr ckn esa gksus okyh iwjd ijh{kk dk 'kqYd LFkfxr djus dk vkosnu&i= izkIr gksus dh vfUre
frfFk 15 flrEcj gksxhA vf/kd tek fd;s 'kqYd dh okilh u gksxhA

13

izos'k&i= rFkk mUgsa izkIr djus dh fof/k


25&lfpo vius dks vk'oLr djus ds mijkUr fd ijh{kkFkhZ us ifj"kn dh ijh{kk esa izos'k gsrq leLr vis{kkvksa dks iwfrZ dj
nh gS] mls izos'k&i= nsxk ftls ijh{kk dsUnz ds v/kh{kd dks izLrqr djds ijh{kkFkhZ dks ijh{kk esa cSBus dh vuqefr nh tk;sxhA
O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ vius izos'k&i= ijh{kk dsUnzksa ds v/kh{kdksa ls fyf[kr ijh{kk izkjEHk gksus ds izFke fnol ls 48 ?kUVs iwoZ
izkIr dj ysaxs] ,slk u djus ij mUgsa izfrfnu vFkok mlds va'k ij 01 #i;s vFkZn.M nsuk gksxkA
;fn lfpo vk'oLr gksa fd fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dk izos'k&i= [kks x;k vFkok u"V gks x;k gS rks fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd fn;s tkus ij
mldh f}rh; izfrfyfi ns ldrs gSaA
ofg"dj.k ,oa fu"dklu
26&bu fofu;eksa dh 'krksZa ds gksrs gq, Hkh&&
,d dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ tks ,d 'kSf{kd o"kZ ds Hkhrj fdlh le; ofg"d`r dj fn;k x;k gS] ml 'kSf{kd o"kZ esa gksus okyh
ijh{kk esa izos'k ugha ik ldsxkA
nks fdlh ,sls ijh{kkFkhZ dh] ftldh ifj"kn dh fdlh ijh{kk esa izos'k ds fy, mldk izkFkZuk&i= Hkst fn, tkus ds Ik'pkr~
laLFkk ls fu"dkf"kr dj fn;k x;k gS vkSj ftldk fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk esa izo's k ugha gqvk gS] ijh{kk esa lfEefyr
gksus dh vuqefr ugha nh tkosxhA
KkrO;& d ;fn mi;ZqDr n.M mls ijh{kkQy esa vFkok mlds Ik'pkr~ ijUrq ml 'kSf{kd o"kZ dh lekfIr ls iwoZ fn;k tkrk gS ftlesa
ijh{kk gksrh gS] rks mldh ijh{kk fujLr dj nh tk;sxhA
[k fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dks tks ifj"kn }kjk ekU; fdlh ijh{kk fudk; ls ikfjr gS] fdlh ijh{kk esa ml vof/k dks lekfIr ls
iwoZ] ftlds fy, og nf.Mr gS] izos'k ugha fey ldsxkA
27&fo[kf.Mr
izek.k&i= dh nwljh izfr
28&ifj"kn] vkosnu&i= nsus ij rFkk bl v/;k; ds fofu;e 22 14 ds vuqlkj fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd nsus ij fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ
dk izek.k&i= dh nwljh izfr fuEufyf[kr n'kkvksa esa ns ldrk gS&&
,d izek.k&i= [kks tkus vFkok u"V gks tkus dh n'kk esaA
nks izek.k&i= ds [kjkc gks tkus] fo:fir gksus vFkok dV&QV tkus dh n'kk esa ifj"kn dh vo:) fd;s tkus gsrq izLrqr
dj fn;k tkrk gSA
rhu izek.k&i= dh izfof"V;ka /kwfey gks tkus dh n'kk esa tks vU; izdkj ls etcwr gSa vkSj ifj"kn dks fujLr fd;s tkus
ds fy, izLrqr fd;k tkrk gSA
pkj vkxkeh fofu;e 32 ds izfo/kku ds vuqlkj vLokfed izek.k&i= u"V dj fn;s tkus dh n'kk esaA
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd oxZ ,d ,oa nks vkSj pkj esa ijh{kkFkhZ vius vkosnu&i=ksa ds lkFk 'kiFk&i= Hkh izLrqr djsaxsA ;fn
ijh{kkFkhZ dh vk;q 20 o"kZ ;k blls de gS rks 'kiFk&i= mlds firk ;fn og thfor gSa ds }kjk vFkok mlds vfHkHkkod }kjk ;fn
firk thfor ugha gS fu"ikfnr fd;k tk;sxkA nksuksa gh n'kkvksa esa ijh{kkFkhZ dks 'kiFk&i= dh ;Fkk fof/k vfHiqf"V djuh gksxhA
;g Hkh izfrcU/k gS fd oxZ ,d ds lEcU/k esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds }kjk bl lR; dks bl jkT; ds nSfud lekpkj&i= ds ,d
laLdj.k esa foKfIr djkuk gksxk vkSj bl lekpkj&i= ds laLdj.k dh izfr ftlesa foKfIr fudyh gS ifj"kn ds dk;kZy; dks iwoZ
izfrcU/k esa visf{kr 'kiFk&i= ds lkFk izsf"kr djuh gksxhA
izcztu izek.k&i=
29&O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd nsus ij fuEufyf[kr izi= esa lfpo }kjk izcztu izek.k&i= fuxZr fd;s tk;saxsA
ek/;fed f'k{kk ifj"kn~] mRrj izn's k
izcztu izek.k&i=
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds :Ik esa ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk;sa mRrh.kZ djus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, %
;g izekf.kr fd;k tkrk gS fd------------------------iq=@iq=h--------------------------vuqekad------------------- us
19-----------esa gq;h gkbZLdwy@b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk----------------------- dsUnz ls O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :Ik esa mRrh.kZ dhA
ifj"kn~ dks mlds mRrj izns'k ls ckgj fdlh fo'ofo|ky; vFkok laLFkk esa izfo"V gksus esa dksbZ vkifRr ugha gSaA
bykgkckn&
lfpoA

14

KkrO;&la
KkrO; LFkkxr~ ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds :Ik esa izfof"V gksus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, izcztu izek.k&i= ugha fn;k tkrk gSA ftl
laLFkk esa ijh{kkFkhZ us v/;;u fd;k mldk ftyk fo|ky; fujh{kd ls izfrgLrk{kfjr LFkkukurj.k izek.k&i= izctz u izek.k&i= dk
dk;Z djrk gSA
30&bl v/;k; ds fofu;e 28 ds gksrs gq, Hkh ijh{kkFkhZ }kjk izek.k&i= dh nwljh izfrfyfi izkIr djus ds fy, tek fd;k
gqvk 'kqYd okil ugha fd;k tk;sxkA
izek.k&i=ksa dk forj.k
31&izek.k&i=ksa dk forj.k ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ ijh{kkFkhZ dk izek.k&i= vkpk;Z vFkok dsUnz tSlh fLFkfr gks] dks
Hkstk tk;sxk] tks ijh{kkFkhZ dks nsaxAs tks ijh{kkFkhZ Mkd ls viuk izek.k&i= pkgrs gSa os vkpk;Z@dsUnz v/kh{kd dks jftLVMZ Mkd fVdV
rFkk fyQkQk Hkstdj vFkok fu/kkZfjr izko/kkukuqlkj izkIr dj ldsxsAa
vLokfed izek.k&i=
32&vkosnu i= rFkk bl v/;k; ds fofu;e 22 15 ds vUrxZr fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd nsus ij ifj"kn~ fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dks ftlesa
ml o"kZ dh 31 ekpZ ls ftlesa dh ijh{kk gqbZ Fkh ikp o"kZ ds Hkhrj u fy, x;s ewy izek.k&i= dks fuxZr dj ldrh gSA blds fy,
vkosnu lfpo ds ;gka ls izkIr fu/kkZfjr izi= ij laLFkkxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds lEcU/k esa laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk rFkk O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkkhZ ds
lEcU/k esa dsUnz ds v/kh{kd }kjk ,d 'kiFk&i= lfgr ftlesa ;g mYys[k gks fd mlds izek.k&i= dh ewy izfr vFkok nwljh izfrfyfi
ugha izkIr dh gS] fn;k tkuk pkfg,A
;fn ijh{kkFkhZ 20 o"kZ ;k mlls de vk;q dk gS rks 'kiFk&i= mlds firk ;fn thfor gksa ds }kjk vFkok mlds vfHkHkkod
}kjk ;fn firk thfor u gksa fu"ikfnr fd;k tk;sxkA nksuksa n'kkvksa esa ijh{kkFkhZ dks 'kiFk&i= dks ;Fkkfof/k vfHkiqf"V djuh gksxhA
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd ;fn fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ us fu/kkZfjr vof/k ds Hkhrj vFkok izek.k&i= lEcfU/kr laLFkk ds iz/kku vFkok dsUnz
v/kh{kd ls izkIr ugha fd;k gS og mls 05 o"kZ dh vof/k ds chrus ds Ik'pkr~ rqjUr ifj"kn~ dk;kZy; esa okil Hkst nsaA Nk= dks
ifj"kn~ }kjk fu/kkZfjr izf;k iw.kZ djus ds Ik'pkr~ mls izek.k&i= fn;k tk;sxkA ifj"kn~ }kjk leLr vLokfed izek.k&i=ksa dks ifj"kn~
dk;kZy; ls muds fuxZr gksus dh frfFk ls 20 o"kZ chrus ds Ik'pkr~ u"V dj fn;k tk;sxkA rRi'pkr~ ;fn dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ viuk
izek.k&i= pkgrk gS rks mls mDr izek.k&i= dh f}rh; izfrfyfi gsrq fu;ekuqlkj izkFkZuk&i= nsuk gksxkA
U;wure vk;q
*33&;fn fdlh ijh{kkFkhZ dh vk;q ml o"kZ dh izFke tqykbZ dks ftlesa og ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksuk pkgs 14 o"kZ vFkok
mlls vf/kd ugha gks rks ;g 1971 rFkk mlds vkxs dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa izos'k ikus dk ik= ugha gksxkA
34&fujLr
i=kpkj f'k{kk
35&foHkkx }kjk LFkkfir i=kpkj f'k{kk laLFkku }kjk ek/;fed f'k{kk ds Lrj ds mUu;u vkSj ifj"kn~ dh ijh{kvksa esa
O;fDrxr :Ik ls izos'k pkgus okys O;fDr;ksa dks v/;;u esa lqfo/kk nsus ds fy, i=kpkj ds ek/;e ls f'k{kk nsus dh O;oLFkk dh
tk;sxhA
i=kpkj f'k{kk laLFkku dk izeq[k nkf;Ro
i=kpkj f'k{k.k gsrq vH;fFkZ;ksa ds iathdj.k dh O;oLFkk djuk] ikB ys[ku] ifjektZu] eqnz.k ,oa vko';drkuqlkj vko`fRr;ksa
esa eqfnzr ikBksa ds izs"k.k dh O;oLFkk djuk] vH;fFkZ;ksa dks funsZ'ku iznku djus dh O;oLFkk djuk] i=kpkj ikB~;e dk vuqlj.k djus
okys vH;fFkZ;ksa dh ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksus ds fy, vko';d mi;qDrk izek.k&i= nsuk rFkk le;&le; ij funs'kd@'kklu }kjk
vf/klwfpr vU; dk;ksZa dk lEiknu djuk gksxkA
36&1 ifj"kn~ ijh{kkvksa dh] ftl ijh{kk dh ftl oxZ ds] ftl Js.kh ds] O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, ftu fo"k;ksa esa
i=kpkj f'k{kk O;oLFkk fd;s tkus dh vf/klwpuk f'k{kk funs'kd] mRrj izns'k }kjk dh tk;] ml ijh{kk ds] ml oxZ ds] ml Js.kh ds
,sls O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, tks fofu;e 37 ds vUrxZr ugha vkrs gSa] i=kpkj f'k{kk gsrq viuk iathdj.k djkdj i=kpkj
f'k{k.k vUrxZr fn;s x;s ikBksa dk vuqlj.k djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
2 mi;qZDr Js.kh ds O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, laLFkku }kjk fu/kkZfjr ikB~;e iwjk djus gsrq iathdj.k dh O;oLFkk dh
tk;sxhA i=kpkj ikB~;e vuqlj.k dh vof/k lkekU;r% nks 'kSf{kd l= gksxhA vij f'k{kk funs'kd i=kpkj f'k{kk vko';drkuqlkj
blesa ifjorZu dj ldrs gSaA
*jktkKk la[;k ek0&630@15&7&1608&56&72 fnukad 29 fnlEcj] 1972 }kjk vU; vkns'k tkjh gksus rd fuyfEcr gSA

15

37&1 i=kpkj f'k{k.k dh vfuok;Zrk ls fuEukafdr Js.kh ds O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ eqDr jgsaxs&&
d&gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds lEcU/k esa&&
1 foxr o"kksZa dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa vuqRrh.kZ ijh{kkFkhZA
2 fofu;e 17 rFkk fofu;e 20 v/;k; 12 ds vUrxZr vfrfjDr fo"k;@fo"k;ksa ds ijh{kkFkhZ vFkok vkaf'kd ijh{kkFkhZA
3 v/;k; 12 ds fofu;e 10 1 v pkj ds vUrxZr vkus okys ijh{kkFkhZA
4 ,sls ijh{kkFkhZ ftUgksaus fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk esa d{kk 9 rFkk 10 esa fu;fer Nk= ds :Ik esa v/;;u dk fu;fer
ikB~;e iw.kZ dj fy;k gks fdUrq ifj"kn~ dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk esa lfEefyr gksus ds fy, vkosnu u fd;s gksa fdUrq laLFkk dh mifLFkfr
iath esa uke gks vFkok vkosnu&i= izLrqr dj fn;s tkus ds Ik'pkr~ Hkh ijh{kk esa lfEeyr u gq, gksaA
5 fdlh ekU;rk izkIr laLFkk ls d{kk 9 vFkok led{k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ ijh{kkFkhZA
6 fgUnh ls fHkUu fdlh vU; ek/;e ls ijh{kk nsus okys ijh{kkFkhZA
7 us=ghu vU/ks rFkk pyus fQjus esa 'kkjhfjd :Ik ls v{ke ijh{kkFkhZA
8 Hkkjrh; lsuk esa fu;fer :Ik ls dk;Zjr ijh{kkFkhZA
[6] [k&b.VjehfM,V
[k&b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds lEcU/k esa %
1 foxr o"kksZa dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa vuqRrh.kZ ijh{kkFkhZA
2 fofu;e 17 rFkk fofu;e 20 v/;k; 12 ds vUrxZr vfrfjDr fo"k;@fo"k;ksa ds ijh{kkFkhZ vFkok vkaf'kd ijh{kkFkhZA
3 v/;k; 14 ds fofu;e 3 ds izfrcU/kkRed [k.M rFkk fofu;e 3 [k ds vUrxZr vkus okys ijh{kkFkhZA
4 fo[kf.MrA
5 gkbZLdwy vFkok led{k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ ,sls dkjkxkj cUnh] tks fdUgh dkj.kksa ls dkjkxkj esa U;wure ,d vFkok
vf/kd o"kksZa ls fu#) gksA
6 fgUnh ls fHkUu fdlh vU; ek/;e ls ijh{kk nsus okys ijh{kkFkhZA
7 us=ghu vU/ks rFkk pyus fQjus esa 'kkjhfjd :Ik ls v{ke ijh{kkFkhZA
8 Hkkjrh; lsuk esa fu;fer :Ik ls dk;Zjr ijh{kkFkhZA
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd i=kpkj f'k{k.k O;oLFkk dh vfuok;Zrk ls eqfDr izkIr mi;qDr d vkSj [k ds vH;FkhZ pkgsa rks fufnZ"V
fof/k ls fu/kkZfjr 'kqYd tek djds i=kpkj ds vUrxZr fy, x;s fo"k;ksa esa ikB izkIr dj ldrs gSA
2 b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa O;fDrxr :Ik ls lfEefyr gksus bPNqd ,sls ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, ftUgksaus fdlh ekU;rk izkIr
laLFkk esa d{kk 11 vFkok led{k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dh gS] i=kpkj f'k{kk gsrq viuk iathdj.k djkds i=kpkj f'k{kk ds ikB~;e dk
vuqlj.k djuk rFkk rRlEcU/kh vuqlj.k izek.k&i= ijh{kk vkosnu&i= ds lkFk layXu djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA izfrcU/k ;g gS fd ,sls
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, i=kpkj f'k{k.k dh vof/k ,d 'kSf{kd l= ls vf/kd u gksxhA
38&1 i=kpkj f'k{k.k gsrq 'kklu }kjk Lohd`r njksa ij iathdj.k i=kpkj f'k{k.k rFkk vU; 'kqYd clwy fd;k tk;sxkA
2 i=kpkj f'k{kk laLFkku ds fofHkUu ikfjJfed dk;ksZa ds fy, ekuns; rFkk ikfjJfed dk Hkqxrku 'kklu }kjk Lohd`r njksa
ij fd;k tk;sxkA
39&i=kpkj f'k{kk laLFkku] mRrj izns'k }kjk lapkfyr i=kpkj f'k{kk lrr~ v/;;u lEidZ ;kstuk ds vUrxZr jkT; ds
mPprj ek/;fed fo|ky;ksa esa iathd`r Nk=ksa dks fu;fer laLFkkxr Nk= ds :Ik esa ekuk tk;sxkA
izek.k&i= esa uke ifjorZu
*40&ifj"kn lQy mEehnokjksa }kjk fofgr izf;kuqlkj vkosnu&i= nsus rFkk bl v/;k; ds fofu;e 22 13 esa fu/kkZfjr
'kqYd nsus ij izek.k&i= esa fuEukafdr izfrcU/kksa ds v/khu uke ifjorZu dj ldrk gS&&
d vkosnu&i= mfpr lj.kh }kjk fn;k tk;sxk rFkk ftl o"kZ esa ijh{kk gqbZ Fkh mldh 31 ekpZ ls rhu o"kZ ds Hkhrj
ifj"kn ds lfpo ds dk;kZy; esa igqp tkuk pkfg,A vkosnd dks ,d fVdV yxs gq, dkxt ij 'kiFk&i= nsuk gksxk]
tks izFke Js.kh ds eftLVsV vFkok uksVjh }kjk ;Fkkfof/k izekf.kr gksuk pkfg,] ftlesa uke esa ifjorZu ds oS/k dkj.k
fn;s gksaxs rFkk tks ,d jktif=r vf/kdkjh }kjk ;Fkkfof/k izekf.kr gksxk vkSj ijh{kkFkhZ tgka og fuokl djrk gS] ogka
ds LFkkuh; nSfud i= dh rhu fofHkUu frfFk;ksa ds laLdj.kksa esa vius uke ds ifjorZu dks foKkfir djsxk] blls iwoZ
fd mls ifjofrZr uke dk u;k izek.k&i= izkIr gksA lEcfU/kr frfFk;ksa ds lekpkj&i=ksa dh izfr;ka vkosnu&i= ds lkFk
layXu djuk vfuok;Z gSA

16

[k ifj"kn }kjk uke ifjorZu ds vkosnu&i= fuEufyf[kr dks NksM+dj vU; fdUgha dkj.kksa ds Lohdkj ugha fd;s tk;saxs&&
uke esa Hkn~nkiu gks vFkok uke ls vi'kCn dh /ofu fudyrh gks vFkok uke vlEekutud izrhr gksrk gks
vFkok vU; ,slh fLFkfr gksus ijA
x ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk uke ds igys ;k ckn esa mi uke tksM+us] /keZ vFkok tkfr lwpd 'kCnksa dks tksM+us vFkok lEekutud
'kCn ;k mikf/k tksM+us tSls fdlh Hkh izdkj ds vkosnu&i=ksa dks Lohdkj ugha fd;k tk;sxkA blh izdkj /kkeZ vFkok
tkfr ifjorZu ds vk/kkj ij vFkok fookfgr Nk=@Nk=kvksa ds fookg ds QyLo:Ik uke ifjorZu gks tkus ij ifj"kn
}kjk uke esa ifjorZu ugha fd;k tk;sxkA
?k mRrj izns'k 'kklu ls deZpkfj;ksa dks uke ifjorZu ds vkosnu&i= lEcfU/kr foHkkx ds v/;{k }kjk lfpo] lkekU;
iz'kklu foHkkx] mRrj izns'k] y[ku ds ikl Hkstk tkuk pkfg,A
Hkkjrh; la?k ds jkT; mRrj izns'k ds vfrfjDr ljdkjh deZpkfj;ksa ds uke esa ifjorZu vkosnu&i= ij fd;k tk;sxk]
;fn lEcfU/kr jkT; ljdkj }kjk blh izdkj dk ifjorZu dj fn;k x;k gS vkSj mldh lwpuk ifj"kn dks lEcfU/kr
foHkkx ds jkT; lfpo vFkok foHkkx ds v/;{k }kjk ns nh tkrh gSA
p dsUnzh; 'kklu ds deZpkjh ds vkosnu&i= nsus ij uke esa ifjorZu dj fn;k tk;sxk] ;fn blh izdkj dk ifjorZu
dsUnzh; 'kklu }kjk dj fn;k x;k gS vkSj mldh lwpuk ifj"kn dks lEcfU/kr ea=ky; ds jkT; lfpo vFkok x`g
foHkkx ds ea=ky; }kjk ns nh tkrh gSA
N ;fn fdlh ijh{kk ds fy, uke esa ifjorZu dj fn;k tkrk gS rks vU; ijh{kkvksa ds izek.k&i= esa tks ijh{kkFkhZ dks igys
vFkok ckn esa fuxZr gq, gksa] fcuk u;s 'kiFk&i= ds ijUrq izfr izek.k&i= ds fy, 20 #i;s 'kqYd nsus ij uke
ifjorZu dj fn;k tk;sxkA
t 'kiFk&i= rFkk uke esa ifjorZu dk izkFkZuk&i= ijh{kkFkhZ ds firk vFkok ;fn mudh e`R;q gks x;h gks] vfHkHkkod }kjk
izekf.kr fd;k tkuk pkfg,A
ikn fVIi.kh&
fVIi.kh&
1&ifj"kn~&9@539 fnukad 06&08&2015 }kjk la'kksf/krA
2&ifj"kn~&9@408 fnukad 08&07&2015 }kjk la'kksf/krA
3&ifj"kn~&9@467 fnukad 20&10&2014 }kjk la'kksf/krA
4&ifj"kn~&9@836 fnukad 05&03&2014 }kjk la'kksf/krA
5&ifj"kn~&9@304 fnukad 25&06&2015 }kjk la'kksf/krA
6&ifj"kn~&9@654 fnukad 07&10&2009 }kjk la'kksf/krA
7&ifj"kn~&9@250 fnukad 04&07&2009 }kjk la'kksf/krA
8&ifj"kn~&9@120 fnukad 11 ebZ] 2006 }kjk fo[kf.MrA

17

v/;k; pkSng
b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk
1&&b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa izos'k ds fy;s ;k ijh{kk ds fy, fu/kkZfjr ikB~;e dk v/;;u izkjEHk djus ls iwoZ izR;sd
ijh{kkFkhZ dks ifj"kn~ dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk vFkok gkbZLdwy@izkfof/kd ijh{kk vFkok fofu;e }kjk mlds gkbZLdwy ijh{kk led{k ?kksf"kr
ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksuk vko';d gksxkA
[1] 2&&fuEufyf[kr ijh{kk,a b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds fu/kkZfjr ikB~;e ds v/;;u ds fy;s ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izos'k dk ik=
cukus ds mn~ns'; ls ifj"kn dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds led{k ?kksf"kr dh tkrh gS&
1&cksMZ vkQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku vkU/kz izns'kA
2&cksMZ vkQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku xqokgkVh] vleA
3&fcgkj Ldwy ,Xtkfeus'ku cksMZ] iVukA
4&lsUVy cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] ubZ fnYyhA
5&NRrhlx<+ cksMZ vkWQ lsd.s Mjh ,twds'ku] jk;iqjA
6&dkmfUly Qkj fn bf.M;u Ldwy lVhZfQdsV ,Xtkftus'ku] ubZ fnYyhA
7&n;kyckx ,twds'ku bLV~Vh;wV MhEM ;wfuoflZVh vkxjkA
8&xksok cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,.M gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] xksokA
9&xqtjkr lsds.Mjh ,.M gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku cksMZ] xka/khuxj] xqtjkrA
10&cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku gfj;k.kk] fHkokuhA
11&fgekpy izns'k cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] /keZ'kkyk] dkaxM+kA
12&ts0 ,.M ds0 LVsV cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] tEewA
13&>kj[k.M ,dsMeh dkmfUly] jkphA
14&dukZVdk lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku ,Xtkfeus'ku cksMZ] caxykSjA
15&dsjyk cksMZ vkWQ gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] fr:oUriqjeA
16&egkjk"V LVsV cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,oa gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] iq.ksA
17&cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] e/; izns'k] HkksikyA
18&cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] ef.kiqj] bEQkyA
19&es?kky; cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] es?kky;A
20&fetksje cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] ,stkyA
21&ukxkyS.M cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku] dksfgekA
22&cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] mM+hlk] dVdA
23&iatkc Ldwy ,twds'ku cksMZ] eksgkyhA
24&cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku jktLFkku] vtesjA
25&LVsV cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,Xtkfeus'ku] lsds.Mjh ,.M cksMZ vkQ gk;j lsds.Mjh ,Dtkfeus'ku] rfeyukMqA
26&f=iqjk cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] vxjrykA
27&osLV caxky cksMZ vkWQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] dksydrkA
28&cksMZ vkWQ Ldwy ,twds'ku mRrjk[k.M] jkeuxj] uSuhrkyA
29&m0iz0 enjlk f'k{kk ifj"kn] y[ku }kjk lapkfyr ekSyoh ijh{kk] vjch vkSj eaq'kh ijh{kk QkjlhA
30&ek/;fed laLd`r f'k{kk ifj"kn] m0iz0 }kjk lapkfyr iwoZ e/;ek vFkok dksbZ vU; mPprj ijh{kkA
31&jk"Vh; vksisu Ldwy ubZ fnYyh }kjk lapkfyr lsds.Mjh ek/;fed ijh{kk bl izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd ;g ijh{kk de ls
de N% fo"k;ksa esa mRrh.k dh xbZ gksA

18

32&Hkkjr esa fof/k }kjk LFkkfir ,sls ijh{kk laLFkk@fo'ofo|ky; }kjk lapkfyr gkbZLdwy eSVhdqys'ku vFkok blds led{k
lapkfyr ijh{kk;sa ftlds lEcU/k esa lfpo] ek/;fed f'k{kk] mRrj izn's k 'kklu dk lek/kku gks x;k gS] ifj"kn dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds
led{k ekU; gksaxhA
2&d&uhps fy[kh gqbZ 'krsaZ mu O;fDrxr :i ls O;ofLFkr laLFkkvksa ij ykxw gksxh] tks fdlh vf/kfu;e vFkok pkVZj ds
vUrxZr vfuok;Z 'krZ ds :i esa ugha py jgh gSA ;s 'krZ muds }kjk lapkfyr ijh{kkvksa dks ifj"kn dh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds led{k
fofu;e 2] v/;k; pkSng ds vUrxZr ekU;rk nsus ds mn~ns'; ls ykxw gksxh %&
1 ifj"kn dk ,d izfrfuf/k ml izkf/kdj esa gksxk] tks ijh{kk ds fy;s v/;;u ds fu/kkZfjr ikB~;eksa dk vuqeksnu djrk gS(
2 og laLFkk vius ijh{kk dsUnksa dh ifj"kn ds izfrfuf/k }kjk fujhf{kr fd;s tkus dh vuqefr nsxh(
3 og laLFkk ifj"kn ds izfrfuf/k;ksa dks ifj"kn ds fu;eksa ds vuqlkj ;k=k ,oa nSfud HkRrk nsxh(
;s 'krsaZ mu leLr laLFkkvksa ij ykxw gkasxh] tks ifj"kn }kjk ekU;rk izkIr djus ds fy;s vkosnu&i= nsrh gS rFkk ml
fudk;ksa ds fy;s Hkh ftudh ijh{kk,a bl v/;k; ds fofu;e 2 30 rFkk 33 ds vUrxZr ifj"kn }kjk mldh gkbZLdwy ijh{kk ds
led{k ekU; gSA
3&dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ ml le; rd b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa ugha izfo"V gks ldsxk] tc rd fd mlds }kjk gkbZLdwy vFkok ,d
led{k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ fd;s gq, nks 'kSf{kd o"kZ u chr x;s gksa (
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd ftu ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa us dSfczt Ldwy lVhZfQdsV tks igys lhfu;j yksdy dgykrh Fkh] ijh{kk vFkok
bf.M;u ldwy lVhZfQdsV ijh{kk] ubZ fnYyh dks dkmfUly }kjk lapkfyr bf.M;u Ldwy lVhZfQdsV ijh{kk dsoy fnlEcj] 1974
rd vFkok gk;j lsds.Mjh ijh{kk ,d o"khZ; vFkok f=o"khZ; ikB~;e vFkok cksMZ vkQ gk;j lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] fnYyh dh gk;j
lsds.Mjh Ldwy VsfDudy lVhZfQdsV ijh{kk f=o"khZ; ikB~;e vFkok lsUVy cksMZ vkQ lsds.Mjh ,twds'ku] vtesj] ubZ fnYyh }kjk
lapkfyr vf[ky Hkkjrh; mPprj ek/;fed ijh{kk vFkok fMekLVs'ku eYVhijit gk;j lsds.Mjh ijh{kk vFkok Hkkjr esa fof/kor~
LFkkfir fdlh fo'ofo|ky; vFkok ek/;fed f'k{kk ifj"kn }kjk lapkfyr mPprj ek/;fed ijh{kk vFkok izns'k vFkok vgZrk vFkok
iwoZ fo'ofo|ky; ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dj yh gS] ftlds rqjUr ckn esa f=o"khZ; Lukrd ikB~;e gksrk gS] b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa iwoZ ijh{kk
mRrh.kZ djus ds vxys 'kSf{kd o"kZ esa izfo"V gks ldrs gSaA
KkrO;&bl
KkrO;& izfrcU/k ds vUrxZr izfo"V gksus okys ijh{kkFkhZ O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds :i esa Hkh izfo"V gksus ds ik= gSa] ;fn os
okafNr 'krsZa iwjh djsaA
[2] 3&d&fodykax rFkk n`f"V ckf/kr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ijh{kk gsrq fu/kkZfjr vof/k ds vfrfjDr 20 feuV izfr ?k.Vs ds fglkc
ls vfrfjDr le; ns; gksxkA
3&[k&bu fu;eksa dks 'krksZa ds gksrs gq, Hkh dkbZ ijh{kkFkhZ ftlus ifj"kn dh b.VjehfM,V izkfof/kd ijh{kk vFkok ,d led{k
ijh{kk mRrh.kZ dh gS] oSKkfud oxZ ds lkFk b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa] ml 'kSf{kd o"kZ ds ckn ds o"kZ esa cSB ldrk gS ftlesa og iwoZ
ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djrk gSA ,ssls ijh{kkFkhZ dks fgUnh esa iqu% cSBus dh vko';drk u gksxh vkSj bu fo"k;ksa esa mlds }kjk igys izkIr vadksa
dks lfEefyr dj fy;k tk;sxkA
4&fdlh Nk= dks] tks ,d 'kSf{kd o"kZ Hkkjr esa fof/kor LFkkfir ,sls fo'ofo|ky; vFkok Hkkjr esa ,sls ek/;fed f'k{kk
ifj"kn ls lEc) fo|ky; esa jgk gS] ftldk eSVhD;wys'ku vFkok led{k ijh{kk ifj"kn }kjk ekU; gS vFkok ftlus gkbZLdwy vFkok
led{k ijh{kk mRrh.kZ djus ds i'pkr~ okjk.kls; laLd`r fo'ofo|ky;] okjk.klh dh mRrj e/;ek d{kk tks igys jktdh; laLd`r
dkyst] okjk.klh }kjk lapkfyr gksrh Fkh] esa mRrj e/;ek ijh{kk vaxzsth ds lkFk dk rS;kjh esa izo's k fd;k gS] ,d o"kZ dh vuqefr
nh tk ldrh gS] ftlesa og bl izdkj jgk gS] bl izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd og leqfpr izkf/kdkjh ls ;g izek.k&i= izLrqr djrk gS fd
rRlEcU/kh o"kZ dk ys[kk ml fo'ofo|ky; vFkok fudk; esa ykxw fofu;eksa ds vuqlkj tgk mls izcztu fd;k gS] fof/kor~ j[kk x;k gS
rFkk dfFkr vkpk;Z dks mlds LFkkukUrj.k esa dksbZ vkifRr ugha gSA
fVIi.kh&dks
fVIi.kh& bZ Nk= tks ij ds izLrko esa mfYyf[kr fdlh fudk; esa lEc) vFkok ekU;rk izkIr fo|ky; esa l= ds fdlh
Hkkx esa jgk gS] ifj"kn }kjk ekU;rk izkIr fo|ky; esa izfo"V gks ldrk gS vkSj ml fo|ky; ds O;k[;kuksa dh mifLFkfr dh x.kuk
mRrj izns'k ds fo|ky; dh mifLFkfr ds lkFk ikB~;e ds fu;fer v/;;u ds mn~ns'; ls dh tk;sxh] bl izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd ij
ds fofu;e esa fu/kkZfjr 'krsZa iwjh dh tkrh gSaA
mi;qZDr fofu;e ds mn~ns'; ls xkSgkVh rFkk jktLFkku fo'ofo|ky;ksa dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk;sa Hkh ekU; gSaA
[6]5 b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ dh fuEufyf[kr ds vuqlkj ikap fo"k;ksa esa ijh{kk yh tk;sxh&
bu fo"k;ksa ds vfrfjDr [ksy ,oa 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk fo"k; dh ijh{kk fo|ky; Lrj ij djk;h tk;sxh ftlesa 50 vadksa dk
dsoy ,d iz'u&i= gksxkA blds vfrfjDr 50 vadksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh laLFkk ds iz/kku }kjk yh tk;sxhA

19

izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ dks [ksy ,oa 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk fo"k; dh ijh{kk esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 33 izfr'kr ikuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk bl fo"k; dh fyf[kr ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa vftZr vadksa dk vadu muds vad&i=@izek.k&i= ij fd;k tk;sxkA
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh [ksy ,oa 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk dh ijh{kk vxzlkj.k@iathdj.k vf/kdkjh }kjk yh tk;sxhA iw.kZ:i ls
n`f"Vckf/kr vFkok fodykax ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks [ksy ,oa 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk fo"k; dh ijh{kk ls eqfDr jgsxhA
d ekufodh oxZ
1&,d fo"k; % fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnhA
2&5 fuEufyf[kr fo"k;ksa esa ls dksbZ pkj fo"k;&
,d Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh vkBoha vuwlwph esa nh gqbZ Hkk"kkvksa esa ls fgUnh ds vfrfjDr dksbZ ,d Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk laLd`r]
mnZw] xqtjkrh] iatkch] caxyk] ejkBh] vklkeh] mfM+;k] dUuM+] d'ehjh] flU/kh] rfey] rsyxw] ey;kye vFkok usikyhA
nks ,d vk/kqfud fons'kh Hkk"kk&vaxzsthA
rhu ,d 'kkL=h; Hkk"kk&laLd`r] ikyh] vjch vFkok QkjlhA
KkrO;&
1 ijh{kkFkhZ oSdfYid fo"k; ds :i esa nks ls vf/kd Hkk"kk,a u ys ldsaxsA
2 laLd`r bl izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd og mi;qZDr esa ekad ,d esa oSdfYid fo"k; ds :i esa ugha yh x;h gSA
3 d'ehjh rFkk phuh ds ikB~;e ikfjr gksus rd ijh{kkFkhZ bUgsa mig`r ugha dj ldsxa sA
4 bfrgkl
5 ukxfjd 'kkL=
6 xf.kr
7 vFkZ'kkL=
8 laxhr xk;u vFkok laxhr oknu vFkok u`R;dyk
9 fp=dyk vkys[ku vFkok fp=dyk izkoSf/kd vFkok jatudyk
10 lekt'kkL=
11 fo[kf.Mr
12 x`g foKku
13 Hkwxksy
14 dEI;wVj
15 lSU; foKku
16 euksfoKku vFkok f'k{kk 'kkL= vFkok rdZ'kkL=
17 dk"B f'kYi vFkok xzUFk f'kYi vFkok flykbZ
18 ekuo foKku
uksV&e
& pkSng ij vafdr fo"k; dEI;wVj esa dsoy laLFkkxr ijh{kkFkhZ gh lfEefyr gks ldsaxs ijUrq bl fo"k; ds vuqRrh.kZ
ijh{kkFkhZ O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa lfEefyr gks ldrs gSaA
[k oSKkfud oxZ
1&,d fo"k; % fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnh
2&5 fuEufyf[kr fo"k;ksa esa ls dksbZ pkj fo"k;&&
,d HkkSfrd foKku
nks jlk;u foKku
rhu tho foKku
pkj xf.kr
ikp dEI;wVj

20

N% fo[kf.Mr
lkr ekuo foKku
vkB ekufodh oxZ ds fo"k;ksa esa ls dksbZ ,d fo"k;
1&e ikp ds fo"k;ksa esa dsoy laLFkkxr ijh{kkFkhZ gh izos'k ikus ds ik= gksaxs ijUrq bl fo"k; esa vuqRrh.kZ Nk= O;fDrxr
ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa izfo"V gks ldsaxsA
2&;fn e pkj vFkok ikp ds fo"k; mig`r fd;k gS rks ekufodh oxZ ls e'k% N% vFkok pkSng vFkok vB~Bkjg ugha
ys ldaxs sA
x okf.kT; oxZ
1 ,d vfuok;Z fo"k; % fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnhA
2 cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk 'kkL=
3 O;kikfjd laxBu ,oa i=&O;ogkj
4&5 fuEufyf[kr esa ls dksbZ nks fo"k;&&
,d vFkZ'kkL= rFkk okf.kT; Hkwxksy
nks vf/kdks"k.k rRo
rhu vkS|ksfxd laxBu
pkj xf.kr rFkk izkjfEHkd lkaf[;dh
ikp dEI;wVj
N% chek fl)kUr ,oa O;ogkj
lkr ekufodh oxZ ds fo"k;ksa esa ls dksbZ ,d fo"k;
Vhi&1 e ,d vFkZ'kkL= rFkk okf.kT; Hkwxksy ysus okys Nk= ekufodh oxZ ls vFkZ'kkL= fo"k; ugha ys ldsaxsA
2 e&5 dEI;wVj fo"k; ysus okys Nk= ekufodh oxZ ls dEI;wVj fo"k; ugha ys ldsxkA
Hkkx&,d izFke o"kZ ijh{kk&
1&fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnh
2&d 'kL; foKku lkekU; d`f"k {ks= dh Qlysa] Hkwfe ,oa [kkn
[k ouLifr foKku
x HkkSfrd foKku ,oa tyok;q foKku
?k d`f"k vfHk;a=.k ds rRo
xf.kr rFkk izkjfEHkd lkaf[;dh
Hkkx&nks f}rh; o"kZ ijh{kk&
1&fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnh
2&d 'kL; foKku flapkbZ] ty fudkl ,oa ouLifr mRiknu
[k vFkZ'kkL=
x tUrq foKku
?k i'kq ikyu rFkk i'kq fpfdRlk foKku
jlk;u foKku
uksV&fgUnh
vFkok lkekU; fgUnh fo"k; dh ijh{kk d`f"k Hkkx&,d izFke o"kZ esa ugha yh tk;sxhA bl fo"k; dh ijh{kk d`f"k
&
Hkkx&nks f}rh; o"kZ nks o"khZ; ikB~;e ds vk/kkj ij yh tk;sxhA

21

U;wure mRrh.kkZad f;kRed esa

U;wure mRrh.kkZd ;ksx esas

1&d`f"k&&
d izFke iz'u&i= 'kL; foKku lkekU; d`f"k{ks= dh Qlys]a
Hkwfe ,oa [kkn rFkk f;kRed
[k f}rh; iz'u&i= ouLifr foKku rFkk f;kRed
x r`rh; iz'u&i= HkkSfrd fOkKku ,oa tyok;q foKku rFkk
f;kRed
?k prqFkZ iz'u&i= d`f"k vfHk;a=.k rFkk f;kRed
iape iz'u&i= xf.kr rFkk izkjfEHkd lkaf[;dh
;ksx&&

vf/kdre vad f;kRed esa

U;wure mRrh.kkZad fl)kUr esa

fo"k;

vf/kdre vad fl)kUr esa

d`f"k oxZ dh ijh{kk dh foLr`r ;kstuk


d`f"k Hkkx ,d&izFke o"kZ ijh{kk

50

17

50

16

33

50
50

17
17

50
50

16
16

33
33

50
50
250

17
17
--

50
-200

16
---

33
---

d`f"k Hkkx nks&f}rh; o"kZ ijh{kk


vf/kdre vad fl)kUr esa

U;wure mRrh.kkZad fl)kUr esa

vf/kdre vad f;kRed esa

U;wure mRrh.kkZad f;kRed esa

U;wure mRrh.kkZd ;ksx esas

fo"k;

1
2
1&fgUnh vFkok lkeku; fgUnh 32&32&36 ds
100
2&d`f"k&
d "k"Be~ iz'u&i= 'kL; foKku flapkbZ] ty fudkl rFkk ouLifr 50
mRiknu rFkk f;kRed
[k lIre~ iz'u&i= vFkZ'kkL=
50
x v"Ve~ iz'u&i= tUrq fOkKku rFkk f;kRed
50
?k uoe~ iz'u&i= i'kqikyu rFkk i'kq&fpfdRlk foKku rFkk f;kRed
50
n'ke~ iz'u&i= jlk;u foKku rFkk f;kRed
50
;ksx&& 350

3
33

4
--

5
--

6
--

17

50

16

33

17
17
17
17
--

-50
50
-200

-16
16
---

-33
33
---

uksV&&fgUnh
vFkok lkekU; fgUnh fo"k; dh ijh{kk d`f"k Hkkx&,d izFke o"kZ esa ugha yh tk;sxhA bl fo"k; dh ijh{kk d`f"k
&&
Hkkx&nks f}rh; o"kZ esa nks o"khZ; ikB~;e ds vk/kkj ij yh tk;sxhA

22

iqu'p&1 dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ d`f"k b.VjehfM,V ijh{k ds izek.k&i= dk vf/kdkjh ijh{kk ds nksuksa Hkkxksa dks mRrh.kZ djus ds
i'pkr~ gksxkA ijh{k ds f}rh; Hkkx f}rh; o"kZ ds vUr esa lQy ijh{kkFkhZ dks Js.kh dk fu/kkZj.k ijh{kk ds izFke rFkk f}rh; Hkkxksa
ds la;qDr vadksa ds vk/kkj ij gksxkA
2 ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks leLr fo"k;ksa esa rFkk fl)kUr ds izR;sd iz'u&i= vkSj ijh{kk ds Hkkx&1 ds fo"k; dh f;kRed ijh{kk
esa Hkh i`Fkdr% mRrh.kZ gksuk vko';d gksxkA dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ tc rd og ijh{kk dk izFke Hkkx mRrh.kZ u dj ys rc rd og ijh{kk ds
Hkkx 2 esa izfo"V u gks ldsxkA
3 ijh{kk ds Hkkx 1 esa mRrh.kZ gksus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds uke Hkh izdkf'kr fd;s tk;saxAs dksbZ Js.kh ugha nh tk;sxhA
4 ijh{kk ds Hkkx 2 esa mRrh.kZ gksus okys ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks U;wure mRrh.kkZd
a i`Fkdr% fl)kUr ds izR;sd iz'u&i= esa rFkk
ijh{kk ds fy, fu/kkZfjr izR;sd f;kRed ijh{kk esa izkIr djus gksxsAa
[5] 6leLr ekU;rk izkIr laLFkkvksa esa Hkk"kkvksa ds vfrfjDr leLr fo"k;ksa ds f'k{k.k dk ek/;e fgUnh vFkok vaxzsth gksxkA
izfrcU/k ;g gS fd ftu fo|ky;ksa dks fgUnh ek/;e ls f'k{k.k fn;s tkus gsrq iwoZ esa ekU;rk@vuqefr feyh gS] mUgsa vaxzsth ek/;e ls
Hkh f'k{k.k fn;s tkus dh vuqefr nh tk ldrh gSA b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds ijh{kkFkhZ Hkk"kkvksa ds vfrfjDr leLr fo"k;ksa esa iz'uksa ds
mRrj fgUnh vFkok vaxzsth ek/;e ls nsxsaA ifj"kn ds lHkkifr rFkk ,sls vU; vf/kdkjh ftUgsa os bl lEcU/k esa vf/kdkj ns ns Lofoosd
ls ftu ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ftudh ekr` Hkk"kk fgUnh ds vfrfjDr dksbZ vU; Hkk"kk gS vkSj ftUgksaus gkbZLdwy ;k led{k ijh{kk rd fgUnh
dk v/;;u ugha fd;k gS mnwZ ek/;e ls iz'uksa dk mRrj nsus dh vuqKk ns ldrs gSaA Hkk"kkvksa ds vfrfjDr leLr fo"k;ksa esa iz'u i=
fgUnh rFkk vaxzsth esa cuk;s tk;saxAs
fVIi.kh&1
fVIi.kh& Hkk"kkvksa ds ijh{kkFkhZ iz'uksa ds mRrj Hkk"kkvksa rFkk rRlEcU/kh fyfi esa nsxsa] ;fn iz'u i= esa gh mlds foijhr
mYys[k u gksA
2 fo[kf.MrA
3 fo[kf.MrA
7 v/;k; pkSng ds fofu;e ds gksrs g, Hkh os ijh{kkFkhZ tks 1953 bZ0 ;k muls iwoZ ds o"kZ dh b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa
fo'ks"k ;q) fofu;eksa 'kj.kkFkhZ ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fy, fo'ks"k lae.kdkyhu fofu;eksa tSls fd 1951 bZ0 dh fooj.k if=dk esa fn;s x;s
gSa rFkk jktuhfrd ihfM+rksa ds fy, fo'ks"k lae.kdyhu fofu;eksa ds vUrxZr cSBs rFkk vuqRrh.k gq,] ckn esa fdlh o"kZ dh
b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk esa laLFkkxr vFkok O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds :i esa ml o"kZ ds fy, fu/kkZfjr ikB~;e ds vuqlkj cSB ldrs gS]a
bl izfrcU/k ds lkFk fd os ifj"kn dh ijh{kkvksa esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds izos'k ds fy, fofu;eksa esa fu/kkZfjr vU; 'krksZa dks iwjk djkrs gSaA
8 fo[kf.MrA
9 fujLrA
9&d&dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ ftlus v/;k; pkSng ds izkphu fofu;e 9 ds vUrxZr ifj"kn~ }kjk lapkfyr b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk
dsoy vaxzsth fo"k; esa mRrh.k dj yh gS] 'ks"k fo"k;ksa lfgr b.VjehfM,V dh vkxkeh ijh{kk esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa izfo"V
fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj og ijh{kkFkhZ ijh{kk esa lQy gksus ij vof'k"V fo"k;ksa esa mDr ijh{kk mRrh.kZ gksus dk izek.k&i= ikus dk
vf/kdkjh gksxkA ,sls ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks lEiw.kZ b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk mRrh.kZ ekuk tk;sxkA mUgsa dksbZ Js.kh ugha nh tk;sxhA

23

v/;k; pkSng d
b.VjehfM,V O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh ijh{kk
vfUre nks o"khZ; d{kk 11&12 ds ikB~;
1 b.VjehfM,V O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh ijh{kk ds fy, izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ dh fuEufyf[kr fo"k;ksa rFkk VsM esa ijh{kk yh tk;sxh%
,d lkekU; fgUnh
nks fuEufyf[kr 41 oSdfYid fo"k;ksa esa ls dksbZ ,d fo"k;
1&vjch
2&vFkZ'kkL=
3&vklkeh
4&bfrgkl
5&mnZw
6&mfM+;k
7&vaxzsth
8&dUuM+
9&xf.kr
10&x`g foKku
11&xqtjkrh
12&fp=dyk
13&rdZ 'kkL=
14&rfey
15&rsyxw
16&ukxfjd'kkL=
17&uSikyh
18&ikyh
19&iatkch
20&Qkjlh
21&caxyk
22&Hkwxksy
23&euksfoKku
24&ejkBh
25&ey;kye
26&lekt 'kkL=
27&laxhr oknu
28&laxhr xk;u
29&laLd`r
30&flU/kh
31&lSU; foKku
32&f'k{kk 'kkL=
33&tho foKku

24

34&HkkSfrd foKku
35&jlk;u foKku
36&O;kikfjd laxBu ,oa i=&O;ogkj
37&vkS|ksfxd laxBu
38&vFkZ'kkL= rFkk okf.kT; Hkwxksy
39&xf.kr rFkk izkjfEHkd lkaf[;dh
40&'kL; foKku
41&ekuo foKku
rhu lkekU; vk/kkfjd fo"k; 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i=
[3] pkj fuEufyf[kr O;kolkf;d /kkjkvksa VsMl
~ esa ls dksbZ ,d&&
1&[kk| ,oa Qy laj{k.k
2&ikd 'kkL=
3&ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk
4&/kqykbZ rFkk jaxkbZ
5&csfdax rFkk dUQsD'kujh
6&VSDlVkby fMtkbu
7&cqukbZ rduhd
8&ulZjh f'k{k.k dk izf'k{k.k ,oa f'k'kq izcU/k
9&iqLrdky; foKku
10&cqfu;knh LokLF; dkfeZd iq:"k
11&jaxhu QksVksxzkQh
12&jsfM;ksa ,oa jaxhu Vsyhohtu
13&vkVkseksckbYl
14&eqnz.k
15&dqyky foKku
16&e/kqeD[kh ikyu
17&Msjh izkS|ksfxdh
18&js'ke dhV ikyu
19&chtksRiknu izkS|ksfxdh
20&Qly lqj{kk izkS|ksfxdh
21&ikS/k'kkyk
22&Hkwfe laj{k.k
23&,dkmUVsalh ,oa vads{k.k
24&cSfdax
25&vk'kqfyfi rFkk Vad.k
26&foi.ku rFkk fo; dyk
27&lfpoh; i)fr
28&chek
29&lgdkfjrk

25

30&Vad.k fgUnh rFkk vaxzsth


31&d`f=e vax ,oa vo;o rduhdh
32&bEczkbMjh
33&gS.M Cykd fizfVax ,oa csthVscyq Mkbax
34&esVy kV
35&dEI;wVj rduhd ,oa esUVsuUs l MkVk ,UVh izkslsl
36&?kjsyw fo|qr midj.kksa dh ejEer ,oa j[kj[kko
37&fjVsy VsfMax
38&lqj{kk
39&eksckby fjis;fjax
40&VwfjTe ,oa gkfLiVfyVh
[4]
41&vkbZ0Vh0@vkbZ0Vh0bZ0,l0
2 O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds fofHkUu VsMl~ esa jkstxkjijd izf'k{k.k djk;k tk;sxk tks lEcfU/kr VsM esa fn;s x;s izkS|ksfxd dk;Z
ds vuqlkj gksxkA jkstxkjijd izf'k{k.k iz;ksx'kkyk rFkk dk;Z&LFky nksuksa LFkkuksa ij gksxkA
3 b.VjehfM,V O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh ijh{kk esa dsoy laLFkkxr ijh{kkFkhZ gh izos'k ds ik= gksxsa ijUrq O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh
ijh{kk esa vuqRrh.kZ ijh{kkFkhZ O;fDrxr ijh{kkFkhZ ds :i esa izfo"V gks ldsaxsA
4 b.VjehfM,V O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk ijh{kk ds ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks fgUnh ls NwV ugha iznku dh tk;sxhA
5 b.VjehfM,V O;olkf;d f'k{kk esa izos'k ds fy;s izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ dks ifj"kn dh gkbZLdwy vFkok dksbZ ijh{kk] tks
fofu;eksa }kjk mlds led{k ?kksf"kr dh xbZ gS] mRrh.kZ djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
6 f'k{k.k ,oa iz'u&i=ksa dk mRrj nsus dk ek/;e fgUnh gksxk] ;fn dksbZ ijh{kkFkhZ iz'uksa dk mRrj vaxzsth esa nsuk pkgrk gS
rks mldh vuqefr gksxhA
7 v/;k; ckjg ds fofu;e ykxw gksaxs tgk rd fd ;s bl v/;k; ds fofu;eksa ds izfrdwy ugha gSA
8 O;olkf;d f'k{kk ds ijh{kkFkhZ dk ijh{kk vfUre o"kZ esa gksxhA
Vhi&'kklu
dh ladYiuk ds vuqlkj O;olkf;d f'k{kk gsrq fu/kkZfjr fofHkUu VsM fo"k;ksa dk v/;;u izR;sd Nk= d{kk&9 ls
Vhi&
12 ds fy;s vfuok;Z gksxk rFkk bl fufeRr fo|ky;ksa dks VsM fo"k;ksa dh i`Fkd ls ekU;rk ysus dh vko';drk ugha gksxhA laLFkk dks
VsM fo"k;ksa ds lapkyu gsrq dksbZ 'kkldh; vuqnku ns; ugha gksxkA
ikn fVIi.kh&
1&ifj"kn~&9@836 fnukad 05&03&2014 }kjk la'kksf/krA
2&ifj"kn~&9@686 fnukad 11&01&2012 }kjk la'kksf/krA
3&ifj"kn~&9@05 fnukad 02&10&2012 }kjk la'kksf/krA
4&ifj"kn~&9@751 fnukad 16&01&2015 }kjk la'kksf/krA
5&ifj"kn~&9@181 fnukad 01&07&2010 }kjk la'kksf/krA
6&ifj"kn~&9@879 fnukad 20&02&20096 }kjk la'kksf/krA

26

d{kk&12
d{kk&12
ikB~;e rFkk ikB~;&iqLrdsa
fgUnh
bl fo"k; ea 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'ui= gksxsa] izR;sd iz'u&i= dk le; rhu ?k.Vsa gksxkA
izFke iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad&50
1&fgUnh x| dk fodkl x| dh ikB~; iqLrd esa fn;s x;s ikBksa ij vk/kkfjr fofHkUu dkyksa esa x| dh
Hkk"kk&lajpuk] fo/kkvksa esa ifjorZu] ;qx&izorZd ys[kdksa dk ;ksxnku ,oa izeq[k jpuk,a vfry?kq mRrjh; iz'uA
5
2&dkO; lkfgR; dk fodkl vk/kqfud dky&HkkjrsUnq ;qx] f}osnh ;qx] Nk;kokn] izxfrokn] iz;ksxokn] ubZ
dfork bR;kfn dh dkO; izo`fRr;ka muesa ifjorZu izfrfuf/k dfo ,oa muds izeq[k d`fr;ka vfry?kq mRrjh; iz'uA
5
3&x|ka'kksa ,oa lwfDr;ksa dh lUnHkZ lfgr O;k[;kA
7+3=10
4&i|ka'kksa rFkk lwfDrijd iafDr;ksa dh lUnHkZ lfgr O;k[;kA
7+3=10
5&ladfyr x| ds ikBksa ds ys[kdksa dk lkfgfR;d ifjp;] thouh] d`fr;k rFkk Hkk"kk 'kSyh
04
6&dkO;&lkS"Bo&dfo ifjp;] thouh] d`fr;k] lkfgfR;d fo'ks"krk,&
04
7&d dgkuh&pfj=&fp=.k] dgkuh ds rRo ,oa rF;ksa ij vk/kkfjr y?kq mRrjh; iz'u
04
[k ukVd&fu/kkZfjr ukVd dh fo'ks"krk, ,oa ik=ksa ds pfj= fp=.k ij vk/kkfjr y?kq mRrjh; iz'u
04
8&[k.M dkO;&fuEufyf[kr ij vk/kkfjr Yk?kq mRrjh; iz'u&
04
d [k.M dkO; dh fo'ks"krk,a [k ik=ksa dk pfj=&fp=.k x izeq[k ?kVukvksa ij vk/kkfjr iz'uA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad&50
1&ifBr ikB~; iqLrd ds fu/kkZfjr ikBksa ds laLd`r x| ,oa i| [k.Mksa dk lanHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa vuqokn
10
2&ikB~; iqLrd ls lwfDrijd iafDr;ksa dh llUnHkZ fgUnh esa O;k[;kA
04
3&ikBksa ij vk/kkfjr vfr y?kq mRrjh; iz'uksa dk laLd`r esa mRrj dksbZ nks iz'u djuk gSA
04
4&dkO; lkSUn;Z ds rRo&
06
d lHkh jl&ifjHkk"kk] mnkgj.k ,oa igpku
[k vyadkj 1 'kCnkyadkj&vuqizkl] ;ed] 'ys"k ifjHkk"kk ,oa mnkgj.k
2 vFkkZyadkj&miek] :id] mRizs{kk] lUnsg] HkzkfUreku] vuUo;] izrhi] n`"VkUr rFkk vfr'k;ksfDr
ifjHkk"kk ,oa mnkgj.k
x NUn 1 ekf=d&pkSikbZ] nksgk] lksjBk] jksyk] dq.Mfy;k] gfjxhfrdk] ojoS y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.k
2 o.kZo`Rr&bUnzotzk] misUnzotzk] loS;k] earxean] lqeq[kh] lqUnjh] clUrfrydk y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.k
3 eqDrd&eugj y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.k
5&fucU/k&fgUnh esa ekSfyd vfHkO;fDr fn;s gq, fo"k; ij fucU/k] tula[;k] i;kZoj.k] LokLF; f'k{kk vkfn dh
tkudkjh gsrq bu fo"k;ksa ij Hkh fucU/k iwNs tk;saxsaA
09
6&laLd`r O;kdj.k&
13
d&lfU/k&1 Loj lfU/k&,pks;ok;ko% ,M% inkUrknfr] ,ij:ie~
01
2 O;atu&Lrks% 'pquk'pq%] "Vquk"Vq%] >ykat'k>f'k] [kfjp] eksuqLokj% rksfyZ] vuqLokjL;;f; ij lo.kZ%
01
3 folxZ&foltZuh;L; l%] lj;tqoks#%] vrksjksjIyqrknIyqrs] gf'kp] jksfj
01
[k&'kCn:i 1 laKk&vkReu~] ukeu] jktu~] txr~ lfjr~A
01
2 loZuke&loZ] bne~] ;nA
01

27

x&/kkrq:i&yV~] yksV] fof/kfy~x] y] y`V ijLeSinh LFkk] ik] uh] nk] d`] pqj
?k&izR;; 1 d`r&Dr] DRok] rC;r~] vuh;j~
2 rf)r&Ro] erqi] orqi
&foHkfDr ifjp;&vfHkr% ifjr%] le;kfud"kkgkizfr;ksxsfi] ;uky fodkj%]
lg;qDrsiz/kkus] ue% LofLrLokgk Lo/kkyac"kV~;ksxkPp] "k"Bh'ks"ks] ;r'pfu/kkZj.ke~
p&lekl&vO;;hHkko deZ/kkj;] cgqozhfgA
7&fgUnh okD;ksa dk laLd`r esa vuqoknA
izFke iz'u&i=
iqLrd dk uke
1
x| gsrq fu/kkZfjr ikB~; oLrq

dkO; gsrq fu/kkZfjr ikB~; oLrq

dFkk lkfgR; gsrq fu/kkZfjr


ikB~; oLrq

ys[kd dk uke
2
1&cklqnso 'kj.k vxzoky
2&tSusUnz dqekj
3&dUgS;k yky feJ ^^izHkkdj**
4&MkW0 gtkjh izlkn
5&vKs;
6&izks0 th0 lqUnj jsMM~ h
7&gfj'kadj ijlkbZ
8&eksgu jkds'k
1&HkkjrsUnq gfj'pUnz
2&txUukFknkl jRukdj
3&v;ks/;k flag mik/;k; ^gfjvkS/k*
4&eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr
5&t;'kadj izlkn
6&lw;ZdkUr f=ikBh fujkyk
7&lqfe=k uUnu iar
8&egknsoh oekZ
9&jke/kkjh flag fnudj
10&lfPpnkuUn ghjkuan okRL;k;u vKs;
11&fofo/kk
ujsUnz 'kekZ
Hkokuh izlkn feJ%
xtkuu ek/ko eqfDr cks/k%
fxfjtk dqekj ekFkqj%
/keZohj Hkkjrh%
1&Hkh"e lkguh
2&Q.kh'oj ukFk ^^js.kq**
3&f'kokuh
4&vejdkar
5&f'ko izlkn flag

02
01
01
02
02
04
ikB dk uke
3

jk"V dk Lo:i
HkkX; vkSj iq:"kkFkZ
jkcVZ uflaZx gkse esa
v'kksd ds Qwy
lUukVk
Hkk"kk vkSj vk/kqfudrk
fuank jl
vkf[kjh pV~Vku
izse ek/kqjh] ;equk&Nfo
m)o&izlax] xaxkorj.k
iou nwfrdk
dSds;h dk vuqrki xhr
xhr] J)k&euq
ckny&jkx] lU/;k&lqUnjh
ukSdk fogkj] ifjorZu] ckiw ds izfr
xhr
iq:jok] moZ'kh] vfHkuo&euq";
eSus vkgqfr cudj ns[kk] fgjksf'kek
e/kq dh ,d cawn
cawn Vidh ,d uHk ls
eq>s dne&dne ij
fp=e; /kjrh
lka> ds ckny
[kwu dk fj'rk
iapykbV
ykVh
cgknqj
deZuk'kk dh gkj

28

ukVd lgk;d iqLrd


0 la0
iqLrd rFkk ys[kd
izdk'kd
vuqnkfur ftys
1
dqgklk vkSj fdj.k ys[kd&Jh fo".kq Hkkjrh; lkfgR; izdk'ku] 204&, esjB] vktex<+] eqjknkckn] cfy;k]
izHkkdj
osLV ,.M jksM] lnj] esjBA
jk;cjsyh] >kalh] lqYrkuiqj] y[kheiqj
[khjh] cnk;w] ihyhHkhrA
2
vku dh eku ys[kd&Jh gfjd`".k izseh
dkS'kkEch
izdk'ku] nkjkxat] okjk.klh] y[ku] bVkok] cjsyh]
bykgkckn
Q:Z[kkckn] ,Vk] 'kkgtgkaiqj] mUuko]
gehjiqjA
3
x:M+ /ot ys[kd&y{eh ukjk;.k feJ
lkfgR; Hkou] izk0fy0] 93] vkxjk] xksj[kiqj] tkSuiqj] QStkckn]
ds0ih0 dDdM+ jksM+] bykgkcknA
fctukSj] Qrsgiqj] xks.Mk] lhrkiqj]
izrkix<+] cgjkbp] yfyriqjA
4
lwr iq= ys[kd&Mk0 xaxk lgk; izseh
jke izlkn ,.M lUl] vLirky bykgkckn] lgkjuiqj] vyhx<+]
jksM+] vkxjkA
eqtQjuxj] xkthiqj] eSuiqjh]
tkykSu] gjnksbZ] ckjkcadhA
5
jkt eqdqV ys[kd&Jh O;fFkr g`n;
flEcqy
ySaXost
dkjiksjs'ku dkuiqj] cqyUn'kgj] eFkqjk] cLrh]
vLirky jksM+] vkxjk
fetkZiqj] nsofj;k] ckank] jkeiqjA
[k.M dkO; lgk;d iqLrd
[k.M dkO;
0la0
iqLrd rFkk
izdk'kd
vuqnkfur ftys
rFkk ys[kd
1
eqfDr ;K&ys[kd&Jh lqfe=k uUnu iUr jk/kk d`".k izdk'ku 2] vUlkjh dkuiqj] tkSuiqj] eqjknkckn] QStkckn]
jksM] nfj;kxat] ubZ fnYyh
,Vk] yfyriqjA
2
lR; dh thr&ys[kd&Jh }kfjdk izlkn Tokyk izlkn fo|k lkxj] 129] >kalh] cnk;w] izrkix<+] jkeiqj]
ekgs'ojh
ds0ih0 dDdM+ jksM]+ bykgkckn
ihyhHkhr] y[ku] bVkok] cfy;k]
fctukSjA
3
jf'e jFkh ys[kd&jke/kkjh flag fnudj mn;kapy] iVuk] forjd&yksd okjk.klh]
cqyUn'kgj]
eFkqjk]
Hkkjrh 15&,] egkRek xka/kh ekxZ] eqtQjuxj]
Qrsgiqj]
mUUkko]
bykgkckn
nsofj;kA
4
vkyksdo`Rr ys[kd&Jh xqykc [k.Msyoky dey izdk'ku] 105 eqdqUnhxat] bykgkckn] vyhx<+] lgkjuiqj]
izrkix<+A
Q:Z[kkckn] eSuiqjh] fetkZiqj] lhrkiqjA
5
R;kx iFkh ys[kd&Jh jkes'oj 'kqDy lkfgR;dkj
la?k]
nkjkxat] vkxjk] xksj[kiqj] xkthiqj] cjsyh]
vapy
bykgkckn
lqYrkuiqj] tkykSu] y[kheiqj [khjh]
xks.Mk] 'kkgtgkaiqj] ckjkcadhA
6
Jo.k dqekj ys[kd&Jh f'ko ckyd 'kqDy xkSre cU/kq xksbu jksM] y[ku
esjB] vktex<+] cLrh] jk;cjsyh]
gjnksbZ] ckank] cgjkbp] gehjiqjA
uksV %&blds
vfrfjDr vU; ftyksa@uol`ftr ftyksa esa ukVd vkSj [k.M dkO; iwoZ dh Hkkafr ;Fkkor~ i<+k;s tk;saxAs
%&
fgUnh&f}rh; iz'u&i=
laLd`r fnXnf'kZdk
ikB~; oLrq
1&HkkstL;kSnk;Ze~
2&laLd`r Hkk"kk;k% egRoe~
3&vkReK% ,oa loZK%

29

4&_rqo.kZue~
5&tkrd dFkk
6&u`ifr fnyhi%
7&egf"kZ n;kuan%
8&lqHkkf"kr jRukfu
9&egkeuk ekyoh;%
10&iap'khyfl)kUrk%
11&nwr okD;e~
nks lkekU; fgUnh fo"k; dk ikB~;e fuEuor~ fu/kkZfjr gS%&
lkekU; fgUnh
bl fo"k; esa 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gkasxs izR;sd iz'u&i= rhu ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
izFke iz'u&i=
1&fgUnh x| lkfgR; dk bfrgkl x| dh ikB~; iqLrd esa fn;s x;s ikBksa ij vk/kkfjr fofHkUu dkyksa ds ;qx
izorZd ys[kd ,oa mudh jpuk,aA vfry?kq mRrjh; iz'u
2&fgUnh dkO; lkfgR; dk fodkl fofHkUu dkyksa ds izeq[k dfo vkSj mudh d`fr;ksa ij vk/kkfjr vfry?kq
mRrjh; iz'u
3&ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr x|ka'kksa ,oa lwfDr;ksa dh lanHkZ lfgr O;k[;kA
4&ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr i|ka'kksa ,oa lwfDrijd iafDr;ksa dh lanHkZ lfgr O;k[;kA
5&ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr ys[kdksa dk lkfgfR;d ifjp; ,oa d`fr;kA
6&ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr dfo;ksa dk lkfgfR;d ifjp; ,oa d`fr;kA
7&d ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr dgkfu;ksa dk lkjka'k ,oa mn~ns'; ij vk/kkfjr iz'uA
[k ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr ukVd dh dFkkoLrq ,oa izeq[k ik=ksa dk pfj= fp=.kA
8&ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr [k.MdkO; dh dFkkoLrq ,oa izeq[k ik=ksa dk pfj= fp=.kA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
1&laLd`r esa fu/kkZfjr ikBksa ds vk/kkj ij ,d x|ka'k rFkk ,d 'yksd dk lanHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa vuqoknA
2&laLd`r ds fu/kkZfjr ikBksa esa vk;h fdlh ,d lwfDr dh lanHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa O;k[;kA
3&yksdksfDr;ksa ,oa eqgkojksa ds vFkZ ,oa okD; iz;ksxA
4&d&lafU/k&nh?kZ] xq.k] ;.k] v;kfn esa ls fdUgha rhu lfU/k;ksa ls lacaf/kr 'kCnksa dk lfU/k foPNsnA
[k 'kCnksa esa lw{e vUrjA
x vusdkFkhZ 'kCnA
?k vusd 'kCnksa ds fy, ,d 'kCn dsoy nks 'kCn
laLd`r 'kCnksa esa foHkfDr dh igpkuA
p okD;ksa esa =qfVektZu fyax] opu] dkjd] dky ,oa crZuh laca/kh =qfV;k
5&djl&J`axkj] d#.k] gkL;] chj ,oa 'kkUr jl ds y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.k
[k vyadkj&1 'kCnkyadkj&vuqizkl] ;ed] 'ys"k ds y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.kA
2 vFkkZyadkj&miek] :id] mRizs{kk] HkzkfUreku ,oa lUnsg ds y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.kA
x NUn&ekf=d&pkSikbZ] nksgk] lksjBk] dq.Mfy;ka ds y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.kA

iw.kkZad&50
05
05
10
10
04
04
04
04
04
iw.kkZad&50
08
04
04
03
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02

30

6&i= ys[ku fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdlh ,d ij&


06
1 fu;qfDr&vkosnu&i=
2 cSad ls fdlh O;olk; ds fy, _.k izkIr djus dk vkosnu&i=A
3 vius uxj ;k xko dh lQkbZ gsrq lacfa /kr vf/kdkjh dks izkFkZuk&i=A
7&fucU/k foKku] okf.kT;] f'k{kk] d`f"k] lkekftd ,oa jktuSfrd psruk ij vk/kkfjr tula[;k]
09
LokLF; f'k{kk o i;kZoj.k ls lEcfU/krA
ikB~; oLrq&izFke iz'u&i=&
lkekU; fgUnh fo"k; ds fy, fuEufyf[kr ikB~; oLrq dk v/;;u djuk gksxk%&
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
ikB dk uke
1
2
3
x| gsrq fu/kkZfjr ikB~; oLrq
1&cklqnso 'kj.k vxzoky
jk"V dk Lo:i
2&dUgS;k yky feJ ^^izHkkdj**
jkcVZ uflaZx gkse esa
3&MkW0 gtkjh izlkn f}osnh
v'kksd ds Qwy
4&izks0 th0 lqUnj jsMM~ h
Hkk"kk vkSj vk/kqfudrk
5&gfj'kadj ijlkbZ
fuank jl
6&eksgu jkds'k
vkf[kjh pV~Vku
dkO; gsrq fu/kkZfjr ikB~; oLrq
1&v;ks/;k flag mik/;k; ^gfjvkS/k*
iou nwfrdk
2&eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr
dSds;h dk vuqrki xhr
3&t;'kadj izlkn
xhr] J)k&euq
4&lqfe=k uUnu iar
ukSdk fogkj] ifjorZu] ckiw ds izfr
5&egknsoh oekZ
xhr
6&jke/kkjh flag ^^fnudj**
iq:jok] moZ'kh] vfHkuo&euq";
7&lfPpnkuUn ghjkuan okRlk;u ^^vKs;** eSaus vkgqfr cudj ns[kk] fgjksf'kek
dFkk lkfgR; gsrq fu/kkZfjr ikB~; oLrq
1&tSusUnz dqekj
/kzqo ;k=k
2&Q.kh'oj ukFk ^^js.kq**
iapykbV
3&f'kokuh
ykVh
4&vejdkar
cgknqj
ukVd lgk;d iqLrd
0 la0
iqLrd rFkk ys[kd
1
dqgklk vkSj fdj.k ys[kd&
Jh fo".kq izHkkdj
2
vku dh eku ys[kd&
Jh gfjd`".k izseh
3
x:M+ /ot ys[kd&
y{eh ukjk;.k feJ
4
5

lwr iq= ys[kd&


Mk0 xaxk lgk; izseh
jkt eqdqV ys[kd&
Jh O;fFkr n;

izFke iz'u&i=
izdk'kd
Hkkjrh; lkfgR; izdk'ku] 204&,
osLV ,.M jksM] lnj] esjB
dkS'kkEch
izdk'ku]
nkjkxat]
bykgkckn
lkfgR; Hkou] izk0fy0] 93]
ds0ih0 dDdM+ jksM+] bykgkckn

vuqnkfur ftys
esjB] vktex<+] eqjknkckn] cfy;k] jk;cjsyh]
>kalh] lqYrkuiqj] y[kheiqj [khjh] cnk;w] ihyhHkhrA
okjk.klh] y[ku] bVkok] cjsyh] Q#Z[kkckn] ,Vk]
'kkgtgkaiqj] mUuko] gehjiqjA
vkxjk] xksj[kiqj] tkSuiqj] QStkckn] fctukSj]
Qrsgiqj] xks.Mk] lhrkiqj] izrkix<+] cgjkbp]
yfyriqjA
jke izlkn ,.M lUl] vLirky bykgkckn] lgkjuiqj] vyhx<+] eqtQjuxj]
jksM+] vkxjk
xkthiqj] eSuiqjh] tkykSu] gjnksbZ] ckjkcadhA
flEcqy
ySaXost
dkjiksjs'ku dkuiqj] cqyUn'kgj] eFkqjk] cLrh] fetkZiqj] nsofj;k]
vLirky jksM] vkxjk
ckank] jkeiqjA

31

[k.M dkO; lgk;d iqLrd


[k.M dkO;
0la0
iqLrd rFkk ys[kd
1
eqfDr ;K&ys[kd&
Jh lqfe=k uUnu iUr
2
lR; dh thr&ys[kd&
Jh }kfjdk izlkn
ekgs'ojh
3
jf'e jFkh ys[kd&
jke/kkjh flag fnudj
4
vkyksdo`Rr ys[kd&
Jh xqykc [k.Msoky
5
R;kx iFkh ys[kd&
Jh jkes'oj 'kqDy
vapy
6
Jo.k dqekj ys[kd&
Jh f'ko ckyd 'kqDy
uksV%&blds
vfrfjDr vU;
%&

izdk'kd
jk/kk d`".k izdk'ku 2] vUlkjh jksM]
nfj;kxat] ubZ fnYyh
Tokyk izlkn fo|k lkxj] 129]
ds0ih0 dDdM+ jksM] bykgkckn

vuqnkfur ftys
tkSuiqj] eqjknkckn] QStkckn]

dkuiqj]
,Vk]
yfyriqjA
y[ku] bVkok] cfy;k] fotukSj] >kalh] cnk;w]
izrkix<+] jkeiqj] ihyhHkhrA

mn;kapy] iVuk] forjd&yksd Hkkjrh


15&,] egkRek xka/kh ekxZ] bykgkckn
dey izdk'ku] 105 eqdqUnhxat]
izrkix<+A
lkfgR;dkj la?k] nkjkxat] bykgkckn

okjk.klh] cqyUn'kgj] eFkqjk] eqtQjuxj] Qrsgiqj]


mUUkko] nsofj;kA
bykgkckn] vyhx<+] lgkjuiqj] Q:Z[kkckn] eSuiqjh]
fetkZiqj] lhrkiqjA
vkxjk] xksj[kiqj] xkthiqj] cjsyh] lqYrkuiqj]
tkykSu] y[kheiqj [khjh] xks.Mk] 'kkgtgkaiqj]
ckjkcadhA
xkSre cU/kq xksbu jksM] y[ku
esjB] vktex<+] cLrh] jk;cjsyh] gjnksbZ] ckank]
cgjkbp] gehjiqjA
ftyksa@uol`ftr ftyksa esa ukVd vkSj [k.M dkO; iwoZ dh Hkkafr ;Fkkor~ i<+k;s tk;saxAs
lkekU; fgUnh&f}rh; iz'ui=

laLd`r gsrq fu/kkZfjr ikB~; oLrq&


1&prqj'pkSj%
2&lqHkk"kpUnz%
3&laLd`r Hkk"kk;k% egRoe~
4&tkrd dFkk
5&lqHkkf"kr jRukfu
6&egkeuk ekyoh;%
7&iap'khy&fl)kUrk%
ifjf'k"V] O;kdj.k] 'kCn:i] /kkrq:iA
[ksy rFkk 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk vfuok;Z fo"k;
iw.kkZad&50 vad
bl fo"k; dh fyf[kr ijh{kk esa ,d iz'u&i= rhu ?k.Vs rFkk 50 vadksa dk gksxk] blds lkFk gh 50 vadksa dh iz;ksxkRed
ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA fyf[kr ,oa iz;ksxkRed esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy;s fo|kFkhZ dks 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vfuok;Z gSA bl fo"k; ds
izkIrkadksa dk ;ksx] Js.kh fu/kkZj.k esa ugha fd;k tk;sxkA O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh [ksy ,oa 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk dh ijh{kk
vxzlkj.k@iathdj.k vf/kdkjh }kjk yh tk;sxhA
mn~ns';&
1&ckydksa dk lokZaxh.k fodkl ,oa xq.kksa dk mUu;uA
2&Nk=ksa esa Lo;a mRrjnkf;Ro ogu] le; ikyu ,oa LoLFk usr`Ro 'kfDr dk fodklA
3&lqn`< 'kjhj dk fuekZ.k djus gsrq 'kkjhfjd ,oa ekufld {kerkvksa dh vfHko`f)A
4&lg;ksx] lfg".kqrk rFkk fo'ocU/kqRo dh Hkkouk dk fodklA
5&Nk=ksa esa Hkkjrh; laLd`fr ds izfr vuqjkx] jk"Vh; ,drk ,oa ns'kHkfDr dh Hkkouk dk fodklA
6&Hkkoh thou esa thfodk ds fy;s rS;kj djukA

32

[k.M&d
bdkbZ&1&Hkkjr esa 'kkjhfd
06 vad
'kkjhfd f'k{kk dk Lo:i ,oa fodkl&
fodkl&
Hkkjr esa [ksy ,oa 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk dk fodkl Lora=rk ls iwoZ] 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk dk vk/kqfud Lo:i Lora=rk ds ckn]
orZeku jk"Vh; 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk uhfrA
bdkbZ&2&'kkjhfjd o`f) ,oa fodkl&
08 vad
fodkl&
o`f) ,oa fodkl ds fofHkUu Lrj] fofHkUu vk;q oxZ dh 'kkjhfjd ,oa euksoSKkfud fo'ks"krk;sa] fd'kksjkoLFkk dh leL;k;sa ,oa
lek/kku] 'kkjhfjd LoLFkrk ,oa fodkl dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdA
bdkbZ&3&MXl ,oa Mksfiax&
06 vad
MXl dk vFkZ] f[kykfM+;ksa }kjk MXl dk iz;ksx D;ksa\ f[kykfM+;ksa ij MXl dk dqizHkko ,oa mipkj] f[kykfM+;ksa }kjk iz;ksx
fd;s tkuss okys MXl ,oa mudk izHkko] Mksfiax dk vFkZ] jDr Mksfiax ,oa blls cpkoA
bdkbZ&4&O;k;ke ,oa ;ksxkluksa dk 'kkjhfjd ra=ksa ij izHkko&
05 vad
O;k;ke ,oa ;ksxkluksa dk is'kh ra=] ikpu ra=] #f/kj ifjlapj.k ra=] 'olu ra= rFkk raf=dk ra= ij izHkko] ;ksxklu ,oa
izk.kk;ke dh nSfud thou esa vko';drk vkSj egRoA
bdkbZ&5&O;fDrRo ,oa usr`Rp&
05 vad
vFkZ] ifjHkk"kk ,oa mRre O;fDrRo dh fo'ks"krk;sa] O;fDrRo fodkl dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] oa'kkuqe] okrkoj.k ,oa
lekt] O;fDrRo fodkl esa 'kkjhfjd f'k{kk dh Hkwfedk] mRre usr`Ro dh fo'ks"krk;sa] f[kykfM+;ksa esa O;fDrRo ,oa usr`Ro fodkl dh
fof/k;kaaA
bdkbZ&6&izeq[k [ksy&
05 vad
fdsV] gkWdh] QqVcky] ckLdsVcky] cSMfeUVu] Vscqy&Vsful] Vsful] gS.Mcky] okyhcky fofHkUu [ksyksa ds fu;e] eSnkuksa dh
eki] lEcfU/kr [ksyksa dh eq[; rkfydkA
bdkbZ&7&fofHkUu vUrjkZ"Vh; izfr;ksfxrk;sa&
05 vad
jk"Ve.My [ksy] ,f'k;u [ksy] ,Qzks,f'k;u [ksy ,oa vksyfEidA
bdkbZ&8&[ksy iqjLdkj&
04 vad
vtqZu iqjLdkj] nzks.kkpk;Z iqjLdkj] jktho xka/kh [ksy jRu iqjLdkj] ekSykuk vCnqy dyke vktkn iqjLdkj] lh0ds0 uk;Mw
iqjLdkj] /;ku pUnz iqjLdkj vkfnA
bdkbZ&9&ekuo vf/kdkj&
03 vad
vf/kdkj&
ekuo vf/kdkjksa dk ,sfrgkfld ifjizs{;] ekuo vf/kdkjksa dh lkoZHkkSe ?kks"k.kk] ekuo vf/kdkj vkSj Hkkjr dk lafo/kku]
egkRek xka/kh vkSj ekuokf/kdkjA
bdkbZ&10&ekSfyd vf/kdkj&
03 vad
vf/kdkj&
lekurk] Lora=rk] /keZ dh Lora=rk] 'kks"k.k ls laj{k.k] lkaLd`frd vkSj 'kSf{kd vf/kdkj] laoS/kkfud mipkjksa] f'k{kk dk
ekSfyd vf/kdkj] lwpuk dk vf/kdkj] f'kdk;r iz.kkyh] ekuo vf/kdkj vk;ksx] pkbYM ykbu] ohesu ikoj ykbuA
iqLrd&^^ekuo
rd&
vf/kdkj v/;;u** izdk'kd ^^ekbaM'ks;j**A
vjch
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxk
1&fu/kkZfjr i| dh mnZw ;k vaxzsth esa O;k[;k
20 vad
2&ikB~;e ij vk/kkfjr vkykspukRed iz'u] ftuds mRrj mnZw ;k vaxzsth esa fn;s tk ldrs gSaA
10 vad
3&O;kdj.k
08 vad
4&mnZw ;k fgUnh ;k vaxzsth ls vjch esa vuqokn
12 vad
5&fu/kkZfjr x| dh mnwZ ;k vaxzsth esa O;k[;k
20 vad

33

6&ikB~;e ij vk/kkfjr vkykspukRed iz'u] ftuds mRrj mnZw ;k vaxzsth esa fn;s tk ldrs gSa
08 vad
7&fucU/k&tula[;k] i;kZoj.k] LokLF; f'k{kk ,oa VkfQd :Yl dh tkudkjh gsrq bu
12 vad
fo"k;ksa ij Hkh fucU/k iwNs tk;saxsA
8&lgk;d iqLrd ls O;k[;k
10 vad
fu/kkZfjr ikB~;&iqLrdsa x| rFkk i|&&
vy&r;c`y equ[kckr] ys[kd&gkfQt lS;n tykymn~nhu vgen tkQjh izdk'kd&tkQjh cznlZ] bykgkcknA
1&x|&ikB&11] 13] 14] 15] 16] 20] 21] 22] 23] 24A
2&O;kdj.k&vlkls vjch] ys[kd&ubZeqjZgeku izdk'kd&fdrkfcLrku] bykgkcknA
3&i|&ikB&11] 12] 13] 14] 15] 17] 18] 19A
lgk;d iqLrd&
vnknjkjh] Hkkx 2] ys[kd&Mk0 ,0,e0,u0 vyh glu] izdk'kd&jke ukjk;.k yky csuh ek/ko] bykgkckn dsoy izkjEHk ls
30 i`"B i<+uk gSA
;k
feugktqy vjfc;k] Hkkx 4] ys[kd&,l0 uch gSnjkcknhA
vFkZ'kkL=
v/;;u ds mn~ns';&
1&mPprj ek/;fed Lrj ij fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks bl izdkj rS;kj djuk] ftlls fd og vkxs pydj fo'ofo|ky; d{kkvksa esa
vFkZ'kkL= ds v/;;u dk ykHk mBk ldsaA
2&vkfFkZd okrkoj.k ds lEcU/k esa mUgsa Kku iznku djukA
3&ns'k ds uxj rFkk xzke lEcU/kh leL;kvksa dk Kku izkIr djokuk ftlls og mnkj izo`fRr ds cusa] jk"Vh; ,drk dh
i`"BHkwfe ls fopkj djsa vkSj ladh.kZ n`f"Vdks.k ds f'kdkj gksus ls cpsaA
4&lk/kuksa ds oSdfYid iz;ksxksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh izkIr djukA
5&fofHkUu izdkj dh vkfFkZd iz.kkfy;ksa dk Kku izkIr djukA
6&Hkkjrh; vFkZ O;oLFkk ds y{k.k] dfe;ksa vkSj dfBukb;ksa dk Kku izkIr djukA
7&fu;kstu dh miyfC/k;ksa rFkk mlds ekxZ esa vkus okys vojks/kksa dks le>us dh {kerk mRiUu djukA
ikB~;e
rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds nks iz'u&i= gksaxsA izR;sd iz'u&i= ds fy;s vf/kdre 50 vad gksaxsA izR;sd iz'u&i= esa 10 vad dk
oLrqfu"B iz'u vfuok;Z gksxkA
vFkZ'kkL= ysus okys Nk=ksa ds vUnj ns'k ds vkfFkZd izxfr dh O;ogkfjd tkudkjh tkx`r djus dh n`f"V ls muls nks o"kksZa
esa ,d ckj nsgkrh {ks= ,oa ,d ckj fdlh vkS|ksfxd {ks= dk losZ{k.k fo|ky;kas }kjk vius lalk/kuksa ls djk;k tk;A
izFke iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad 50
vFkZ'kkL= ds fl)kUr
bdkbZ&1&fofue;&
15 vad
1&fofue;&
fofue; iz.kkfy;ka] cktkj&ifjHkk"kk] oxhZdj.k ,oa foLrkjA dher ewY; dk fl)kUr] mRiknu ykxr&dqy
ykxr] vkSlr vkSj lhekUr ykxr ,oa lEcU/kA vk;&dqy vk;] vkSlr vk;] lhekUr vk; vkSj mudk lEcU/kA iw.kZ
izfr;ksfxrk rFkk viw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk esa dher fu/kkZj.kA
bdkbZ&2&forj.k&
15 vad
d vFkZ] forj.k dk lhekUr mRikndrk fl)kUr] vk/kqfud fl)kUrA
[k yxku&ifjHkk"kk] yxku ds fl)kUr] fjdkMksZa o vk/kqfudA

34

x etnwjh&vFkZ o izdkj] lhekUr mRikndrk dk fl)kUr] vk/kqfud fl)kUrA


?k C;kt&vFkZ] ldy o 'kq)A
ykHk&&vFkZ] ldy o 'kq) ykHk] ykHk dh n'kk;saA
bdkbZ&3&jktLo
10 vad
vFkZ ,oa egRo] dj&izR;{k o vizR;{k djA dsUnzh; ljdkj dh vk; ds lzkrs ,oa O;; dh ensaA mRrj izns'k
ljdkj dh vk; ds lzksr rFkk O;; dh ensaA LFkkuh; fudk; dh vk; o O;;A
bdkbZ&4&jk"Vh; vk;&
10 vad
vk/kkjHkwr ladYiuk] ldy ?kjsyw mRikn] ldy jk"Vh; mRikn] fucy ?kjsyw mRikn] fucy jk"Vh; mRikn dk
lkekU; ifjp;] jk"Vh; vk; dh x.kuk dh fof/k;kaaA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad 50
Hkkjr dk vkfFkZd fodkl
bdkbZ&1
10 vad
Hkkjrh; tu'kfDr dk fodkl&tula[;k&?kuRo] forj.k] o`f) ds dkj.k vkSj izHkko jksdus ds mik;&ck/kk;sa]
tula[;k uhfr vkSj ifjokj dY;k.k ;kstukA
bdkbZ&2
05 vad
Hkkjrh; vk/kqfud cSafdax O;oLFkk&Hkkjrh; fjtoZ cSad] Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad] O;kikfjd cSad] {ks=h; xzkeh.k cSad]
ukckMZA
bdkbZ&3
10 vad
xzkeh.k vFkZ O;oLFkk&fodkl vkSj izkS|ksfxdh&xzkE; fodkl esa iapo"khZ; ;kstukvksa dh fofHkUu miyfC/;ka] xzkE;
fodkl ds ?kVd&is;ty] LoPNrk ,oa LokLF;] f'k{kk] lkekftd okfudh] xzkeh.k fodkl dh fofHkUu ;kstuk;saA
bdkbZ&4
05 vad
vkfFkZd fodkl ,oa nwj lapkj O;oLFkk&vkUrfjd vuqla/kku] b.VjusV] istj] bZ&esy rFkk bZ&dkelZ dk lkekU;
ifjp; rFkk mudh vkfFkZd fodkl esa vko';drk ,oa egRoA
bdkbZ&5
10 vad
Hkkjr dk fons'kh O;kikj&vk;kr ,oa fu;kZr dh izo`fRr;ka ,oa fn'kk] O;kikj larqyu ,oa Hkqxrku larqyuA
vk;kr&fu;kZr uhfrA
bdkbZ&6&lkaf[;dh&
10 vad
d lkekU; ifjp;] egRo] izkFkfed ,oa f}rh;d vkadM+s laxzg.k dh fof/k;ka&iw.kZ x.kuk vkSj izfrn'kZ lSEiqy
fof/k;ka] vkadM+ksa dh fo'oluh;rk] vkadM+ksa dk izn'kZu] n.M vkjs[k] o`Rr fp=] ckjEckjrk o] lap;h ckjEckjrk oA
[k dsUnzh; izo`fRr dh eki&lekukUrj ek/;] ek/;dk ehfM;u rFkk cgqyd ekssMA
x lwpdkad&vFkZ] egRo o x.kuk dh fof/k;kaA
ikB~;&iqLrdsa&&
1 vFkZ'kkL= Hkkx&1
2 vFkZ'kkL= Hkkx&2
vleh
vleh
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= gksxkA
1&x|
-20 vad
2&i|
-20 vad
3&ukVd
-20 vad
4&O;kdj.k
-20 vad
5&fucU/k tula[;k] i;kZoj.k] VkfQd :Yl] vkink izcU/ku ij iz'u iwNs tk;saxsA
20 vad

35

fu/kkZfjr iqLrd&
rd&
1&lkfgR; dkS'ky&vle gk;j lssds.Mjh ,twds'ku dkflay T;ksfr izdk'ku tloUr jksM] xqokgkVh
fu/kkZfjr ikB&
x|&
1&lIrjFk Jfrdj foKku foIyo ,oa U;wVu&Mk0 dqfyUnz ikBdA
2&vgksgqrqfd izhfr&Mk0 cfudu dkXrhA
i|&
1&ukV~;?kj&ufyu ckyk nsohA
2&fo'o[kqfudj&eQhtmn~nhu vgen gtkfjdkA
ukVd&
ukVd& 1&foHkwfr dksbuk&T;ksfr izlkn vxzokyA
bfrgkl
ikB~;e ds mn~ns';&
Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dks fo'o bfrgkl ds ifjizs{; esa ns[kk tk;sA izeq[k /kkjkvksa dk Kku visf{kr gSA Nk=ksa dks ,sfrgkfld 'kks/k
ds uohu&fu"d"kksaZ dks xzg.k djus ds fy;s izsfjr fd;k tk;sA o"kZ esa de ls de ,d ckj fudV ds fdlh ,sfrgkfld LFkku dk Hkze.k
djk;k tk;sA ml ij iz'u bl izdkj iwNk tk;s fd Hkze.k vfuok;Z gks tk;s] Nk=ksa dh ekSfydrk dh ij[k gks tk;sA
1&bfrgkl dk v/;;u lEiw.kZ ns'k ds vrhr ij vk/kkfjr gksA os vius iwoZtksa dh laLd`fr dh tkudkjh izkIr dj ldsaA
mudh miyfC/k;ka dks le>saA muls izsj.kk izkIr djsa rFkk Hkwyksa dks nksgjkus ls cpsaA
2&mu rF;ksa dks le>sa ftUgksusa jk"Vh;rk dh Hkkouk dks fodflr djus esa lgk;rk iznku dh rFkk vkxs c<+kus dk iz;kl
djsaA viuh detksfj;ksa dks le>us vkSj mUgsa iqu% u nksgjkus dk ladYi djsa ftuls mUgsa gkfu igqaph gks] muls cpsa vkSj mudk
fojks/k djsaA
3&fo'o cU/kqRo dh Hkkouk mRiUu gks] ekuorkoknh vkSj ;FkkFkZoknh n`f"Vdks.k fodflr gksA
4&vrhr dh Fkkfr ij orZeku dk fuekZ.k djus dk lkgl iSnk gksA vUrjkZ"Vh; ?kVuk p dks le>sa vkSj ns'k dks buls
izHkkfor gksus okyh fLFkfr;ksa dks le>saA
5&bfrgkl dks vf/kd cks/kxE; cukus ds fy;s mRrj ds lkFk Hkkjrh; mi egk}hi ds ekufp= rFkk vU; lEcfU/kr vko';d
js[kkfp= Hkh izLrqr djus ij cy fn;k tk;sA
lEiw.kZ ikB~;e ds nks iz'u&i= gksxa sA izR;sd ipkl vadksa dk gksxkA le; rhu ?k.Vs dk gksxkA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~
gksxk&&
iz'usa dk Lo:i
iz'uksa dh la[;k
vad
foLr`r mRrjh; iz'u
24
46
y?kqmRrjh; iz'u
12
62
cgqfodYih; iz'u

51

05

oLrqfu"B iz'u

10

05 ,sfrgkfld frfFk;ksa ls lEcfU/kr

ekufp= vadu

41

04
50

uksV % c`gRrj Hkkjr dk ekufp=A


izFke iz'u&i=
bdkbZ&1

iw.kkZad 50
10 vad

1&eqxy lkezkT; dh LFkkiuk&ckcj] gqek;waA


2&e/;kUrj&lwj&lkezkT;&'ksj'kkg lwjh] pfj=] 'kklu izcU/k] /kkfeZd lfg".kqrkA
bdkbZ&2

15 vad
1&eqxy lkezkT; dk f}rh; pj.k&

36

2&lkezkT; dk foLrkj&vdcj ls vkSjaxtsc rdA jk"Vh;rk ds u;s vk;ke] vdcj dk dk;ZA lkekftd ,oa /kkfeZd lq/kkj]
/kkfeZd uhfrA fuekZ.k dk ;qx ,sfrgkfld Hkou&vdcj] tgkaxhj vkSj 'kkgtgka dh nsuA vkSjaxtsc&jk"Vh; ,drk ij vk?kkrA lkezkT;
dk iruA
3&eqxydkyhu 'kklu O;oLFkk] lekt] dyk ,oa lkfgR;A
bdkbZ&3
10 vad
1&f'kokth&'kklu izcU/kA pfj= ewY;kaduA
2&;wjksih; 'kfDr;ksa dk Hkkjr esa izos'k&lRrk ds fy;s la?k"kZ] Hkkjrokfl;ksa esa ,drk dk vHkkoA vaxzstksa dk O;kikj ls
jktuhfr esa izos'kA
bdkbZ&4
15 vad
1&vaxzsth dEiuh dk foLrkj&lkezkT;oknh uhfr 1740&1856 la{ksi esa Dykbo ls MygkSth rd dk ?kVuk&pA
2&dEiuh dk 'kklu uhfr ,oa oS/kkfud fodkl 1773&1857A
3&lkekftd psruk&jktk jke eksgu jk;] Lokeh n;kuUn] jked`".k ijegal] Lokeh foosdkuUn] ,uh cslsUV] tfLVl jkukMsA
jk"Vh;rk dh Hkkouk dk fodkl] uofuekZ.k&jsy] rkj] Mkd vkfnA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad 50
bdkbZ&1
10 vad
1&1857&LorU=rk ds fy;s la?k"kZ&dkj.k] Lo:i] ifj.kkeA
2&dkaxzsl dh LFkkiuk&'kks"k.k ds izfr tu tkxj.k&f'k{kk dk foLrkjA
bdkbZ&2
15 vad
1&jk"Vh; vkUnksyu&1885&1919A dkaxzsl dh uhfr esa ifjorZu&fryd] xks[kysA
2&jktuhfr esa vfgalk dk iz;ksx 1919&1947A
xka/kh ds fl)kUr vkSj dk;Z&vlg;ksx vkUnksyu lHkh {ks=ksa esa xka/kh dh nsu la{ksi esa mu lHkh 'kghnksa ,oa lsY;wyj tsy esa
cUn kfUrdkfj;ksa dk mYys[k vo'; fd;k tk;s] ftuds thou ls Nk=ksa dks izsj.kk feysA
bdkbZ&3
15 vad
1&1919 rFkk 1935 dk Hkkjr ,sDV laf{kIrA
2&ns'k foHkktu&vaxzsth uhfr dk ifj.kkeA ,d ewY;kaduA
bdkbZ&4
10 vad
1&LorU= Hkkjr 1947 leL;k;sa&fujkdj.k] jktuhfrd ,dhdj.k] lafo/kku 1950] mldh fo'ks"krk;sa vc rd ds yksd
dY;k.kdkjh dk;Z&iapo"khZ; ;kstuk;sa] f'k{kk izlkj] vkS|ksfxd fodklA
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku lEcfU/kr fo"k; ds v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA
mnwZ
blesa nks iz'u&i= gksaxs izR;sd iz'u&i= rhu ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
izFke iz'u&i= x|
iw.kkZad 50
1&O;k[;k r'kjhg rhu bdfrcklkr esa nks dh r'kjhg
15 vad
2&ulz fuxkjksa ij rud+hnh lokykr
10 vad
3&[kqyklk
10 vad
4&rkjh[k uljh vlukQ vnc
5 vad
5&fucU/k etewu
10 vad

37

f}rh; iz'u&i= i|
iw.kkZkkZad 50
1&r'kjhgkr xt+y vkSj nwljs vlukQ&,&'kk;jh dh r'kjhgkr
15 vad
2&'kk;jksa ij rudhnh lokykr
10 vad
3&vlukQ 'kk;jh
5 vad
4&v r'kohg bLrs+vkjg o luvrs
5 vad
r'kchg] bLrs;kg o ejkrqu uthj gqLu,&rkyhy] rtkgqy&,&vkjQkuk ryehg] etkt+ Duk;k eqckyx+k] rtkn
c eqgkojs o tcqyZ belky dgkorsa
5 vad
5&mnwZ tqcku o vnc dk bjfrd+k
10 vad
fu/kkZfjr iqLrdsa&
izFke iz'u&i= x|
1&vnc ikjs ulz] ys[kd&,gr'kke gqlSu vnkjk&Qjksxs mnwZ] y[ku] ikB la[;k 18 xks[kys ds cqr dks NksM+djA
vFkok
2&vnch flikjs ulz] ys[kd&[kyhy my jc Jh jke esgjk ,s.M dEiuh] vkxjkA
laLrqr lgk;d iqLrdsa&
1&eqckn;krs rudhn ys[kd&vCnqjjc bf.M;u izsl ifCyds'ku] izk0fy0] bykgkcknA
2&rudhnh b'kkjs] ys[kd vkys vgen lq:j vnkjk Qjksxs mnwZ] y[kuA
3&ruchjs vnc] ys[kd&tku lxhj vgen us'kuy izsl] bykgkckn] i`"B 316 ij bUlku ds vUrxZr] lksusV]
ys[kd&,u0,e0 jlhn dks NksM+djA
f}rh; iz'u&i= i|
1&vnc ikjs uTe] ys[kd&,gr'kke gqlSu vnkjk&Qjksxs mnwZ] y[kuA
vFkok
2&vnch flikjs uT+e] ys[kd&[kyhy mjjc Jh jke esgjk ,s.M dEiuh] vkxjkA
O;kdj.k&&
1&fgnk;rqy cykxr] ys[kd&izks0 eqgEen eqchu vkj0,l0 jke n;ky vxzoky] bykgkcknA
ikB~;oLrq izFke iz'u&i=
vjc ikjs ulz
1&burs[kkc Qlkuk, vtk;c % fetkZ jTtc vyh csx l:jA
2&'kk;jh vkSj lkslk;Vh % [oktk vYrkQ gqluS gkyhA
3&uTe vkSj dyke ekSt ds ckc esa [k;kykrA
4&mnwZ 'kk;jh dh bCrsnkbZ rkjh[k % ekSykuk fu;kt+ Q+rsgiqjh
5&vcqy dyke vktkn dh 'k[lh;r dk vnch igyw % dkth eksgEen vCnqy xQ+kjA
6&egkRek xka/kh dk QylQ+, g;kr % Mk0 lS;n vkfcn gqlSuA
vnch fl;kjs ulz
1&ehj vEeu
fdLlk eqYd uhe jkst ds 'kgtkns dk
2&fetkZ
2&fetkZ xkfy+c ds [kqruw
1&uokc vuokj mn~nkSyk lknmn~nhu [kka cgknqj 'kQ+d ds uke
3&ekSykuk eqgEen gqlSu ^vktkn*
1&mnwZ 'kk;jh ds ikap nkSj

38

4&ekSykuk vYrkQ+ gqlSu ^gkyh*


1&xt+y dh bLykg
5&vYykek jkf'knqy [kSjh
1&djcyk dk uUgk 'kghn
6&ekSykuk vcqy dyke vkt+kn
1&fgdk;r ckng o frj;kd+
7&ekSykuk vCnqy gd
1&vnc mnwZ o pdcLr
8&vkys vgen lq:j
1&u;k vnch 'kj
vnch fl;kjs uTe
1&xtfy;kr
1&[oktkehj nnZ] ehjrd+hehj] xkfyc] vehjehukbZ] pdcLr] Q+kuhcnk;wuh] vlxjxks.Moh] etkt+] ttch] u'kwj okfgnh
'kq: dh rhu xtysa
2&elufo;kr
1&nkLrku okfjn gksuk] csuthj dk ckx esa cnsz equhj ds
2&n;k'kadj ulhe gEn] ukr o equdcr
vkokjk gksuk cdkoyh dk rktqy eqywd xqyph dh ryk'k esaA
3&C;kg gksuk cdkoyh dk rktqy eqywd ds lkFkA eluoh rjkuk&,&'kkSd&[kkRek
4&bdcky &lkdhukek
5&vyh ljnkj tkQ+jh&lkts+ g;kr
dlk;n
tkSd % nj eng vcw tQ+j cgknqj 'kkg ejgwe
xkfyc % dlhng] njeng cgknqj 'kkg
ejklh
1&ehj vuhl&gt+jr beke gqlSu dk gtjr vCckl dks vye lkSaiukA ckn ds lHkh cUn
2&fetkZ lyker vyh nchj&rqyq, lqcg
3&lQh y[kuoh&ejfl;k gkyh
4&vljk:y gd etkt&rkts oru dk ykys nj[k'kka pyk x;kA xka/kh th dh ekSr ls eqrkfLlj gksdj
drkvku o :ckb;kr
1&vdcj bykgkcknh&[kRe ogkj] e'kfjd o exfjc] ubZ jks'kuh] d'k&ed'k
2&bdcky&eqYyk vkSj cfg'r
3&tks'k&barstkj] ekt+jr
4&v[rj&rkt] VSxksj dh 'kk;jh
;k
ekSykuk vgen jt+k [kk cjsyoh
eksgflus dkdksjoh
jQ vejksgoh
dSQ Vksd
a oh
:ckbZ;kr
ehj vuhl] I;kjs fe;ka lkgc j'khn] vetn gSnjkcknh

39

eutwekr
1&gkyh&bdcky eUnh dh vyker
2&vdcj&ycs lkfgy vkSj ekSt
3&pdcLr&vklQmn~nkSyk dk bekeckM+k
4&bdcky&'kqvk, mEehn
5&tks'k&vkokt+ dh lhf<+;ka
6&vQlj esjBh&rqyq, [kq'khZn ,&uo
7&v[rj&'khjkth&uxe&,&ft+UnxhA
lukvrs eqckyxk] O;kdj.k] gqLu&,&dyke vkSj cykxr luk, vkSj cnk,] ryehg] bLrsvkjk] esjkrqu ut+hj]
gqLu&,&rkyhy] rtkgqy&,&vkfjQkuk] izpfyr eqgkojkr vkSj tjcqy felky dgkorsa
vnc ikjs uTe
xtfy;kr
1&ehjrdh ^ehj* dh xtyksa dk bUrs[kkc
2&[oktk gSnj vyh ^vkfr'k* dh xtyksa dk bUrs[kkc
3&eksfeu [kka ^eksfeu* dh xtyksa dk bUrs[kkc
4&xkfyc dh xtyksa dk bUrs[kkc
5&nkx nsgyoh dh xtyksa dk bUrs[kkc
6&vyh fldUnj ^ftxj eqjknkcknh* dh xtyksa dk bUrs[kkc
bUrs[kkc dlk;n
1&njeng 'kqtkmn~nkSyk nj Qrsg djnu gkfQt jger [kkaA fetkZ jQ+hlkSnk
2&njeng cgknqj 'kkg vt 'ks[k eksgEen bcjkghe ^tkSd+*
bUrs[kkc ejklh % ehj vuhl
1&50 cUn ds ckn ds lHkh cUn tks fdrkc esa gSaA
2&ckyxaxk/kj fryd % c`tukjk;u pdcLr
bUrs
bUrs[kkc elufo;kr
1&bUrs[kkc eluoh ehj glu % ehj xqyke gSnj vkxktsa nkLrku nkLrku rS;kjh ckx+ dh
2&bUrs[kkc eluoh xqytkjs ulhe % ia0 n;k'kadj ulhe i vkokjk gksuk cdkoyh dk rktqy eqywd xqyph dh ryk'k esa
rd
ukrxksbZbZ
1&ekSykuk vgen jtk [kka cjsyoh
2&eksgflu dkdksjoh
3&jQ+ vejksgoh
4&dSQ Vksadoh
;k
burs[kkckr drkvkr
vyrkQ gqlsu gkyh] txr eksgu yky ^[kka* ^tks'k eyhgkcknh
bUrs[kkc :ckbZ;kr
1&vYrkQ gqlSu gkyh
2&txreksgu yky [kka
3&tks'k eyhgkcknh

40

bUrs[kkc uTetnhn
1&[oktk vYrkQ gqlSu gkyh&uaxs f[kneu
2&ia0 c`tukjk;u pdcLr&[kkds fgUn
3&Mk0 lj eqgEen bdcky&1 'kqvk, mEehn
2 tkosn ds uke
3 xkfyc
4&^tks'k* eyhgkcknh
1 vaxhBh
2 cnyh dk pkan
3 tknwdh ljt+ehu
4 lqcgS eSdng
5&ia0 vkuUn ukjk;.k ^eqYyk*&egkRek xka/kh dk dRy
O;kdj.k&v lukvrs&eqckyxk] gqLu&,&dyke vkSj cykxr luk, vkSj cnk, ryehg] bLrsvkjk] esjkrqu uthj]
gqLu&,&rkyhy] rgktqy&,&vkfjQkukA
c izpfyr eqgkojkr o tjcqy belky dgkorsa
laLrqr lgk;d
lgk;d iqLrdsa&izFke iz'u&i=
1&equkn;krs rudhn&ys[kd vCnqy jc bf.M;u izsl] bykgkckn
2&rudhnh b'kkjs&ys[kd vkys vgen lq:j vnkjk Q+jksxs mnwZ y[ku
3&ruchjs vnc&ys[kd tku lxhj vgen us'kuy iszl] bykgkckn i`"B 316 ij bUlku ds vUrxZr lksusV&ys[kd ,e0
j'khn dks NksM+dj
f}rh; iz'u&i=
O;kdj.k&
O;kdj.k&
1&fgnk;rqy cykxr&ys[kd izks0 eqgEen eqchu vkj0,l0,e0 jke n;ky vxzoky] bykgkckn
mfM+;k
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk ,d iz'u&i= gksxkA
1&x|
1&x| ij vk/kkfjr iz'u
35 vad
2&lgk;d iqLrdksa ij vk/kkfjr iz'u
20 vad
2&i|
1&i| ij vk/kkfjr iz'u
15 vad
3&O;kdj.k
15 vad
3&O;kdj.k vkSj ifBr
vyadkj] miek] :id] mRisz{kk] fo'ks"kksfDr] foHkkouk] vuqizkl] ;ed] O;frjsd
4&fucU/k
15 vad
i;kZoj.k] tula[;k] iznw"k.k] VSfQd :Yl ij Hkh fucU/k iwNs tk;saxs
fu/kkZfjr iqLrdsa
1&izcU/k izdk'k&jRukdj ifr
lgk;d iqLrdksa esa ifBr va'k
1&iYyh&Jh 'kf'kdkUr jk;A
2&lw;Zeq[kh&Mk0 in~e pj.k iVuk;dA

41

i|&
1&fpfydk&jktukFk jk;A
2&iz.k; oYyjh&xaxk/kj esgjA
O;kdj.k&
O;kdj.k&
izosf'kdk O;kdj.k jpuk] ys[kd&e`R;qat; jFkA
vaxzsth
bl fo"k; esa 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gksaxAs izR;sd iz'u&i= rhu ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
izFke iz'u&i=

iw.kkZad&50
20 vad

1-Prose(a) Explanation with reference to context (one passage in English).

(b) One passage for testing comprehension-factual as well as interpretative


and evaluative type-----

----- ----

-----

----

(c) Two short answer type questions (not to exceed 30 words) -----

4
2+2=4

(d) One long answer type question from text (answer not to exceed 150 words) ----6
(e) Vocabulary (based on text) -----

2
7 vad

2-Play(a) One long answer type question (answer not to exceed 150 words) -----

(b) One short answer type question (30 words) -----

2
7 vad

3-Story(a) One long answer type question (answer not to exceed 150 words) -----

(b) One short answer type question (30 words) -----

4-Poetry-

12 vad

(a) Explanation with reference to context two passages in English from poems ---8
(b) General or Central idea of any one poem ----5-Figures of speech-

4
4 vad

(Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Apostrophe, Oxymoron, Onomatopoeia,


Hyperbole -----)
f}rh; iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad&50
General English1. (a) Direct-Indirect -----

(b) Synthesis -----

(c) Transformation -----

(d) Syntax (correction of sentences to test the knowledge of syntax) -----

2. Idioms and Phrases -----

42

3. Vocabulary: -----

(a) Synonyms
(b) Antonyms
(c) Homophones
(d) One word substitution
4. Translation(a) Hindi to English -----

10

(b) English to Hindi -----

vFkok
fdlh laf{kIr i|ka'k dk lkjka'k] fdlh x|ka'k dk laf{kIr fooj.k] vaxzsth esa O;ogkj fd;s tkus okys 'kCnksa baxfy'k ;wlst
dk okD;ksa esa iz;ksx] okD;ksa esa O;kdj.k lEcU/kh v'kqf);ksa dk la'kks/ku&&&&&
vFkok
1500 bZ0 ds ckn ds vaxzsth lkfgR; osy ,.M dEiuh }kjk izdkf'kr gsaMlu }kjk lapkfyr ,su vkmV ykbu vkWQ
baxfy'k fyVjspj ds vuqlkj &&&&&
15
5. Essay -----

10

6. Letter writing/Application -----

7. Unseen PassagesProse. ----blds vad foHkktu fuEuor~ gksaxs&&

(a) Comprehension question -----

(b) Meaning of underlined portion -----

(c) Summary of the unseen piece together with its heading ----1 &
uksV&tula
& [;k] i;kZoj.k] LokLF; f'k{kk rFkk VkfQd :Yl dh tkudkjh gsrq fuca/k ds :i es iz'u iwNs tk;saxsA
fu/kkZ
fjr ikB~; oLrq&
fu/kkZfjr
vaxzsth fo"k; ds fy;s fuEukafdr ikB~;&oLrq ek/;fed f'k{kk ifj"kn~ }kjk fu/kkZfjr va'k dk v/;;u djuk gksxk&
iqLrd dk uke
ikB
ys[kd dk uke
1
2
3
1. English prose

1. A Girl with a Basket

: William C. Douglas

2. A Fellow-Traveller

: A.G. Gardiner

3. Secret of Health, Success and Power : James Allen

2. English poetry

4. The Horse

: R.N. Tagore

5. I am John's Heart

: J.D. Ratcliff

6. Women's Education

: S. Radha Krishnan

7. The Heritage of India

: A.L. Basham

1. Character of a Happy Life

: Sir Henry Wotton

2. The True Beauty

: Thomas Carew

3. On His Blindness

: John Milton

43

4. From "An Elegy Written in a


Country Churchyard".

: Thomas Gray

5. A Lament

: P.B. Shelley

6. La Belle Dame Sans Merci

: John Keats

7. From the Passing of Arthur

: Alfred Lord Tennyson

8. My Heaven

: Ravindra Nath Tagore

9. Stopping by Woods on a snowy : Robert Frost


Evening.
3. English Short
Stories

10. The Song of the Free

: Swami Vivekanand

1. The Gold Watch

: Ponjikkara Raphy

2. An Astrologer's Day

: R. K. Narayan

3. The Lost Child

: Mulk Raj Anand

4. The Special Experience

: Prem Chand
: William Shakespeare

4. The Merchant of
Venice
5&b.VjehfM,V tujy
baxfy'k
dEI;wVj

ikB~;e [ekufodh]
ekufodh] oSKkfud rFkk okf.kT; oxZ ds Nk=ksa ds fy;s]
bl fo"k; dh fyf[kr ijh{kk esa nks iz'u&i= rhu&rhu ?kaVksa dh le;kof/k ds gksaxsA izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= 30 vadksa dk
gksxkA blds vfrfjDr 40 vadksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq rhu ?kaVs dh le;kof/k fu/kkZfjr gksxhA mRrh.kZ
gksus ds fy;s ijh{kkFkhZ dks fyf[kr] iz;ksxkRed rFkk ;ksx esa U;wure e'k% 20] 13 rFkk 33 vad izkIr djus gksaxsA
izFke iz'u&i=
30 vad
bdkbZ&1&dEI;wVj lkWVos;j ,oa izksxzkfeax
04 vad
lkWVos;j ls ifjp;
lkWVos;j ,oa mlds izdkj
vkWijsfVax flLVe ,oa mlds izdkj
ykbusDl ,oa mlds fofHkUu Lo:i
bdkbZ&2&izksxzkfeax

10 vad

dEI;wVj leL;k&lek/kku rduhdh ds :i esa izksxzkfeax ds fofHkUu pj.k


,yxkSfjfFke] ykspkVZ] lwMksdksMl~ ,oa fMlhtu Vsfcy
bdkbZ&3&izksxzkfeax Hkk"kk;sa
yks ysfoy ySaXost % e'khu ,oa ,lsEcyh
gkbZ ysfoy ySaXost
DEikbyj ,oa ,UVjizsVlZ
QksFkZ tujs'ku ySaXost 4 GLs

06 vad

44

bdkbZ&4&,p0Vh0,e0,y0 izksxzkfeax

10 vad

osc ist ,oa osc lkbV~l dh vo/kkj.kk


,p0Vh0,e0,y0 ls ifjp; ,oa mudk Lo:i
,p0Vh0,e0,y0 VSXl }kjk lk/kkj.k osc ist dk fuekZ.k
osc ist es VsDLV dks QkWjesV ,oa gkbZykbV djuk
osc ist esa gkbij fyad cukuk
f}rh; iz'u&i=
bdkbZ&1&vkWCtsDV vksfj;sUVsM izksxzkfeax

30 vad
08 vad

vkWCtsDV vksfj;sUVsM izksxzkfeax ls ifjp;


vkWCtsDV vksfj;sUVsM izksxzkfeax dh vko';drk
vkWCtsDV vksfj;sUVsM izksxzkfeax ds y{k.k ,oa rRo
Dykl] vkWCtsDV] bugSfjVsUl] vkijsVj vksojyksfMax vkfn ls ifjp;
LVDpMZ izksxzkfeax ,oa vkWCtsDVl vksfj;sUVsM izksxzkfeax esa vUrj
bdkbZ&2&lh ++ (C++) izksxzkfeax

08 vad

lh ++ (C++) ls ifjp; ,oa mldh fo'ks"krk,a


djsDVj lsV
VksdUl
LVDpj vkWQ izksxzkEl
MsVkVkbIl] dkSUlVsUV~l ,oa oSfj;sfcYl
vkWijsVlZ ,oa ,Dlizs'kUl
buiqV ,oa vkmViqV vkijs'kUl
dUVksy LVsVesUV~l
o IF ELSE
o WHILE Loop, FOR Loop ,oa mudh usfLVax (Nesting)
o CASE, BREAK ,oa CONTINUE
bdkbZ&3&lh
3&lh ++ izksxzkfeax ,MokaLM izksxzkfeax
Dyklst rFkk vkWCtsDV~l
dULVDVlZ ,.M MsLVDVlZ
QaD'kUl
QaD'kUl vksojyksfMax
Arrays
Inheritance
Exception Handing dk ifjp;
Pointers dk ifjp;

08 vad

45

bdkbZ&4&MkVkcs
4&MkVkcsl dUlsIV

06 vad

MkVkcsl dh vo/kkj.kk
fjys'kuy MkVkcsl
ukeZykbts'ku
LVDpMZ Dosjh ySaXost SQL dk ifjp;
dEI;wVj iz;ksxkRed
40 vad
++
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa fo|kFkhZ ds fy, H.T.M.L. rFkk C dh izksxzkfeax dh ijh{kk gksxh ftlesa nks iz'uksa dk mRrj 1H.T.M.L. rFkk 2-C++ izksxzke dh lajpuk ,oa VsfLVax (Testing) dh tk;sxh vkSj blds lkFk ekSf[kd ijh{kk (VIVA) Hkh
gksxkA
vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk
1&H.T.M.L. dk iz;ksx

10 vad

2&C++ dk iz;ksx

20 vad

3&ekSf[kd (VIVA)

10 vad
40 vad

vf/kdre vad&40
ok; ewY;kadu&20 vad
1&nks iz;ksx ,d C rFkk ,d C++&
2&iz;ksx vk/kkfjr ekSf[kdh&
vkUrfjd ewY;ka
;kadu&20 vad

dEI;wVj
U;wure mkh.kkZad&13

le;&3 ?k.Vs
fu/kkZfjr vad

28

16 vad
04 vad

1&feuh izkstsDV oMZ LizsM'khV] Mh0ch0,e0,l0 Access esa ls fdlh ,d ds vk/kkj ij&& 08 vad
2&izkstsDV vk/kkfjr ekSf[kdh&
04 vad
3&l=h; dk;Z&
08 vad
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] bu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v?;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA
ikB~;&iqLrd&&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA
ikB~;&iqLrdsa&&
dEI;wVj fo"k; ds fy;s fuEufyf[kr iqLrdsa fu/kkZfjr dh x;h gSa%&&
1 QUMkesUVYl vkWQ dEI;wVj
ch0 jktkjeu
2 ysV vl lh
;'koUr dkysydj
3 baVksMDVjh dEI;wVj lkbal okY;we&1
,0 ds0 'kekZ
4 baVksMDVjh dEI;wVj lkbal okY;we&1
oh0 ih0 tXxh ,oa lq"kek tSu
5 izksxzkfeax bu lh
ckyk xq:Lokeh

46

dUuM+
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxk&&
1&lUnHkZ lfgr O;k[;k i| ,oa ukVd
2&vkykspukRed iz'u&i| ,oa ukVd
3&lgk;d iqLrdsa ftldk foLr`r v/;;u okaNuh; ugha gS
4&O;kdj.k ,oa yksdksfDr;k
5&Hkk"kkH;kl
6&fucU/k i;kZoj.k] tula[;k] iznw"k.k ,oa VSfQd :Yl ij Hkh fucU/k iwaNs tk;saxAs
7&vifBr
fu/kkZfjr iqLrdsa&&
1&dkO; laxe&Hkkx nks
2&feadw freUuk dkx] 100 in] ys[kd&&Mh0 ch0 xaqMIik] izdk'kd&&dkO;ky; izdk'ku] eSlwjA
ukVd&&
1&xnk;q) ukVde~] ys[kd&&ch0 ,e0 dkfV;k] izdk'kd&&fo'o lkfgR;] eSlwjA
vkykspukRed&&
ukRed&&
1&foe'kZ] ys[kd&&ek#fr os.dVsl vk;axj] Hkkx&1 ek=] izdk'kd&&thou dk;kZy;] clouxqM+h] caxykSj flVhA
vifBr&&
ifBr&&
lUuk dVSxqMw

20
20
10
10
25
08
07

vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad

xf.kr
izFke iz'u&i=
bdkbZ
1
2
3

'kh"kZd
chtxf.kr
izfrykse f=dks.kfefr; Qyu
funsZ'kkad T;kfefr

vf/kdre vad % 50
vad
22
08
20
dqy vad && 50

bdkbZ&1&chtxf.kr
1&vkO;wg
10 vad
ladYiuk] ladsru] e] lekurk] vkO;wgksa ds izdkj] 'kwU; vkO;wg] ,d vkO;wg dk ifjorZ] lefer rFkk fo"ke lefer
vkO;wg] vkO;wgksa dk ;ksx rFkk vfn'k xq.ku ;ksx xq.ku rFkk vfn'k xq.ku ds ljy xq.k/keZA vkO;wgksa ds xq.ku dh vefofues;rk rFkk
v'kwU; vkO;wgksa dk vfLrRo ftudk xq.ku ,d 'kwU; vkO;wg gS e 2 ds oxZ vkO;wgksa rd lhfer izkjfEHkd iafDr rFkk LrEHk
laf;kvksa dh ladYiuk] O;qRe.kh; vkO;wg rFkk O;qRe dh vf}rh;rk] ;fn mldk vfLrRo gS ;gk lHkh vkO;wgksa ds vo;o
okLrfod la[;k;sa gSa
2&lkjf.kd
06 vad
,d oxZ vkO;wg dk lkjf.kd 3 3 ds oxZ vkO;wg rd] lkjf.kdksa ds xq.k/keZ] milkjf.kd rFkk lg[k.M] lkjf.kdksa dk
vuqiz;ksx f=Hkqt dk {ks=Qy Kkr djus esa lg [kaMt vkO;wg rFkk vkO;wg dk O;qReA laxr] vlaxr rFkk mnkgj.kksa }kjk jSf[kd
lehdj.k fudk; ds gyksa dh la[;k Kkr djukA nks vFkok rhu pjksa esa jSf[kd lehdj.k fudk; dks ftudk vf}rh; gy gks ds
izfrykse dk iz;ksx dj gy djukA Sej dk fu;e rFkk blds vuqiz;ksxA

47

3&jSf[kd vlfedk;sa&
06 vad
jSf[kd vlfedk;sa] ,d pj esa jSf[kd vlfedkvksa dk chth; gy rFkk mldk la[;k js[kk ij fu:i.kA nks pjksa esa jSf[kd
vlfedkvksa dk vkys[kh; gyA
bdkbZ&2&izfryks
rykse f=dks.kferh;Qyu
ifjHkk"kk] ifjlj] izkar] eq[;eku 'kk[kk;sa] izfrykse f=dks.kferh; Qyuksa ds vkys[kA izfrykse f=dks.kferh; Qyuksa ds
izkjfEHkd xq.k/keZA
08 vad
bdkbZ&3 funsZ'kka
'kkad T;kferh
1&'kadq ifjPNsn&'kadq ifjPNsn] nh?kZo`Rr] ifjoy; ,oa vfuijoy;A ,d fcUnq] ,d ljy js[kk rFkk izfrPNsnh js[kkvksa dk ,d
;qXe] 'kadq ifjPNsn ds viHkz"V :i esAa o`Rr dk ekud lehdj.k o`Rr dk lkekU; lehdj.k] nh?kZo`Rr rFkk vfuijoy; dh fu;rk dk
ifjp;A ljy js[kk Y=mx+c ds o`Rr] ijoy;] nh?kZoR` r rFkk vfuijoy; dh Li'kZ js[kk gksus dk izfrcU/kA
14 vad
2&f=dks.keh; T;kferh dk ifjp;&f=folh; varfj{k esa funs'Z k rFkk funsZ'kkad ry] ,d fcUnq ds funZs'kkad] nks fcUnqvksa ds chp
nwjh rFkk [k.M lw=A
06 vad

xf.kr
f}rh; iz'u&i=
'kh"kZd
vodyu
lekdyu
vodyu lehdj.k
jSf[kd izksxzkeu
lfn'k rFkk f=foeh; T;kferh

bdkbZ
1
2
3
4
5

iw.kkZad % 50
vad
12
12
06
05
15
dqy ;ksx - 50

bdkbZ&1 % vodyu
vodyu
1&vodyu
06 vad
1&vodyu rFkk vodyuh;rk
vodyu dks nwjh ds Qyu ds ifjorZu dh nj ds :i esa ifjHkkf"kr djuk rFkk mldh T;kferh; O;k[;k] cks/k] vodyu
dh ifjHkk"kk rFkk bldk lEcU/k Li'kZ js[kk dh <ky ls djukA Qyuksa ds ;ksx] vUrj] xq.ku rFkk Hkkx }kjk cus Qyuksa dk vodyu
djukA cgqin Qyuksa rFkk f=dks.kferh; Qyuksa dk vodyu Kkr djukA
vodyuh;rk] la;qDr Qyuksa dk vodyu] J`a[kyk fu;e] izfrykse f=dks.kferh; Qyuksa dk vodyu] vLi"V Qyuksa dk
vodyu] pj ?kkrkadh rFkk y?kqx.kdh; Qyuksa dh ladYiuk rFkk mudk vodyu
x

Lim
x0 ]

Lim
x0

1
x

1
x

Lim
x

1+x

log

1
1+ x

Lim
] x

Lim
x0

Lim
x0 ] (1 + x)

1
x

ex 1

y?kqx.kdh; vodyu] izkpy :i esa O;Dr Qyuksa dk vodyu f}rh; e ds vodyu] jksys rFkk ySxzkUt ds e/;eku izes;
fcuk miifk ds rFkk mudh T;kferh; O;k[;k ,oa vuqiz;ksxA
2&vodyuksa ds vuqiz;ksx
06 vad
vodyuksa ds vuqiz;ksx] ifjorZu dh nj o`f)@kl eku Qyu] vfHkyEc rFkk Li'kZ js[kk;sa] lfUudVu] mPpre rFkk
fuEure izFke vodyu ijh{k.k dh T;kferh; izsj.kk rFkk f}rh; vodyu ijh{k.k miifk yk;d VwyA
ljy iz'u tks fo"k; ds ewyHkwr fl)kUrksa dh le> n'kkZrs gSa rFkk okLrfod thou ls lEcfU/kr gksa

48

bdkbZ&2 1&lekdyu
1&lekdyu

06 vad

lekdyu] vodyu ds O;qRe ize ds :i esa] dbZ izdkj ds Qyuksa dk lekdyu&izfrLFkkiu }kjk] vkaf'kd fHkUuksa }kjk]
[kaM'k% }kjk] dsoy fuEu izdkj ds ljy lekdyuksa dk eku Kkr djuk %

dx
x a2

x a
dx

ax +bx +c
dx

x2

px + q
2

dx

dx
x2 a2 ,

dx

ax +bx +c dx

x2

ax +bx +c

px + q
2

( px + q) , ax

dx,

+ bx+c dx ,

dx
ax2 + bx + c

ax

+ bx+c dx

dx
a + b cos x ,

dx
a + b sin x

;ksxQy dh lhek ds :i esa fuf'pr lekdyu] dyu dk vk/kkjHkwr izes; fcuk miifk ds] fuf'pr lekdyuksa ds ewy
xq.k/keZ] rFkk muds eku Kkr djukA
2&lekdyuks
2&lekdyuksa ds vuqiz;ksx

06 vad

vuqiz;ksx% lk/kkj.k oksa ds vUrxZr {ks=Qy Kkr djuk] fo'ks"kr;k js[kk;sa] o`k@ijoy;@nh?kZo`k dsoy ekud :i esa dk
{ks=Qy
bdkbZ
bdkbZ 3&vody
3&vody lehdj.k

06 vad

ifjHkk"kk] dksfV ,oa ?kkr] vody lehdj.k dk O;kid ,oa fof'k"V gy] fn;s gq, O;kid gy okys vody lehdj.k dk
lehdj.k] i`FkDdj.kh; pj ds rjhds }kjk vody lehdj.kksa dk gy] izFke dksfV ,oa izFke ?kkr okys le?kkrh; vody lehdj.kksa
dk gy] fuEu izdkj ds jSf[kd vody lehdj.kksa dk gy dy + py = q tgk p o q, x ds Qyu gSaA
dx
dx
+
px
=
q
tgk
p
o
q,
y
ds
Qyu
gS
a
A
dy

bdkbZ&4 % jSf[kd izksxzkeu

05 vaad

jSf[kd izksxzkeu % Hkwfedk] lEcfU/kr inksa tSls&&O;ojks/k] mn~ns'; Qyu] b"Vre gy dh ifjHkk"kk;sa] jSf[kd izksxzke leL;kvksa
ds fofHkUu izdkj] jSf[kd izksxzkeu leL;kvksa dk xf.krh; lw=.k] nks pjksa esa nh xbZ leL;kvksa dk vkys[kh; gy] lqlaxr rFkk vlqlxa r
{ks=] lqlaxr rFkk vlqlxa r gy] b"Vre lqlaxr gy rhu vrqPN O;ojks/kksa rd
bdkbZ&5 % lfn'k rFkk f=foeh; T;kfefr

15 vad

lfn'k rFkk vfn'k] ,d lfn'k dk ifjek.k o fn'kk] lfn'kksa ds fnddkslkbZu@vuqikr] lfn'kksa ds izdkj leku] ek=d]
'kwU;] lekUrj rFkk lajs[k lfn'k] fdlh fcUnq dk fLFkfr lfn'k] _.kkRed lfn'k] ,d lfn'k ds ?kVd] lfn'kksa dk ;ksxQy] ,d
lfn'k dk vfn'k ls xq.ku] nks fcUnqvksa dks feykus okys js[kk[k.M dks fdlh vuqikr esa ckVus okys fcUnq dk fLFkfr lfn'k] lfn'kksa] dk
vfn'k xq.kuQy] ,d vfn'k dk ,d js[kk ij iz{ksi] lfn'kksa dk lfn'k xq.kuQy] vfn'k f=d xq.kuQyA
nks fcUnqvksa dks feykus okyh js[kk ds fnd dkslkbu@vuqikr] ,d js[kk dk dkrhZ; rFkk lfn'k lehdj.k] leryh; rFkk
fo"keryh; js[kk;s]a nks js[kkvksa ds chp dh U;wure nwjhA ,d ry ds dkrhZ; rFkk lfn'k lehdj.k]
1 nks js[kkvksa ds chp dk dks.kA
2 nks ryksa ds chp dk dks.kA
3 ,d js[kk rFkk ,d ry ds chp dk dks.kA
4 ,d fcUnq dh ,d ry ls nwjhA

49

x`g foKku
bl fo"k; esa fyf[kr ijh{kk gsrq nks iz'u&i= gksaxAs izR;sd iz'u&i= dh le;kof/k 3 ?k.Vs gksxhA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA
izFke iz'u&i=&
iw.kkZad
'kjhj f;k foKku rFkk LokLF; j{kk foKku
35
f}rh; iz'u&i=&
lekt 'kkL= rFkk cky dY;k.k
35
iz;ksxkRed ikddyk ,oa flykbZ ls lEcfU/kr ekSf[kd
30
mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s fyf[kr vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa de ls de 23 rFkk 10 ,oa ;ksx esa 33 vad ikuk vko';d gksxkA
izFke iz'u&i=
'kjh
'kjhj
jhj f;k foKku rFkk LokLF; j{kk
d 'kjhj f;k foKku&
20 vad
1&is'kh ra= dk :ijs[kh; v/;;u rFkk mudh lkekU; fodkl dh voLFkk;saA
2&ikpu rFkk iks"k.k&&[1] Hkkstu iz.kkyh dk forj.k rFkk dk;Z;qDr frYyh rFkk vkek'k;] [2] Hkkstu ds fofHkUu rRo
[3] fofHkUu ifjfLFkfr;ksa tSls&&O;olk;] vk;q rFkk tyok;q ds vuqlkj 'kjhj dh Hkkstu lEcU/kh vko';drk;sa [4] iks"k.k esa nqX/k dk
fo'ks"k LFkku [5] larqfyr vkgkj [6] elkys rFkk vYdksgy dk Hkw[k rFkk ikpu ij izHkkoA
3&ifjlapj.k rU=&[1] jDr dk la?kVu rFkk dk;Z [2] jDr lapj.k dk ;kaf=dRo rFkk vaxksa esa mudh vko';drkuqlkj
#f/kj lEHkj.kA
4&fodkl rFkk f;kRed {kerk ij O;k;ke dk izHkkoA
5&raf=dk rU= rFkk KkusfUnz;ka&[1] raf=dk dksf'kdk;sa] raf=dk;sa] es#jTtq o efLr"d [2] d.kZ] ukfldk o p{kq dh jpuk
[3] n`f"V dk lkekU; nks"k rFkk mudh izkjfEHkd igpku [4] leUo; vkSj vkS/kfoU;lu ls mldk d{kseA
6&jDr ,oa ukfldk
7&KkusfUnz;ka
[k&LokLF; j{kk foKku
15 vad
1&LokLF; j{kk&[1] O;fDrxr LokLF; j{kk tSls Ropk] nUr] p{kq vkfn [2] ?kj dh gkbZthu tSls laokgu o LoPNrk
[3] dwM+k&djdV rFkk O;FkZ ty ds fudkl dh O;oLFkk] ty fudkl] ik;[kkuk [4] ty lEHkj.k] [kk| lEHkj.kA
2&O;fDr dk mRrjnkf;RoA
3&fuEufyf[kr jksxksa dk mn~xe] QSyus dh fof/k] fpUg] y{k.k] fujks/k rFkk mipkj
eysfj;k] {k; jksx] dq"B jksx] ikxy dqRrs ds dkVus ls mRiUu jksx] pspd] gStk] Iysx] [kljk] eksrh>jk rFkk vU; lk/kkj.k
laked jksxA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
lekt 'kkL= rFkk cky dY;k.k
lekt 'kkL=
bdkbZ&1
20 vad
1 ekuo vko';drk;sa rFkk ifjfLFkfr;ka] ftuls HkXuklk mRiUu gksrh gSA
2 ekuo vko';drkvksa dh larqf"V ds :i esa ifjokjA
3 ,dkdh rFkk la;qDr ifjokj ds lEcU/kksa dk euksfoKkuA

50

4 O;fDr ds O;fDrRo ij ckY;koLFkk dk izHkkoA


5 cky fookg] xq.k rFkk nks"kA
6 x`g O;oLFkk] ikfjokfjd ctV ,oa ferO;;rk
7 izkd`frd vkink;sa tSls&vkx] HkwdEi] ck<+ rFkk lw[kk dh ewyHkwr tkudkfj;ka] izHkko rFkk blls cpus ds mik;A
cky dY;k.k

15 vad

1&f'k'kq e`R;q la[;k dh leL;k;saA


2&cky dY;k.k dh vk/kqfud xfrfof/k;kaA
3&ifjokj dY;k.k ,oa ifjokj fu;kstuA
iz;ksxkRed
ikd dyk&ryh rFkk ?kksVh gqbZ eS'k dh gqbZ lCthA
vpkj&vke dk vpkjA
tsyh&vke] ve:n] jlHkjhA
lkWl&VekVj lkWl] 'osr lklA
Nsus dh cuh ,d feBkbZA
;k
v.Ms ls cuh lkexzh&IyQh] vkeysV] , uks,u] dLVMZ ikspSM ,x] sap VksLVA

x`g foKku
vf/kdre vad&30

U;w
ure vad&10
U;wure

ok ewY;kadu&

le; % 05 ?kaVk
15 vad

fu/kkZfjr vad
1&ikd dyk

04 vad

2&flykbZ

04 vad

3&l=h; dk;Z

04 vad

4&ekSf[kd dk;ZZ&ekSf[kd lHkh [k.Mksa ls gksuk vfuok;Z

03 vad

vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&

15 vad

1&l=h; dk;Z flykbZ ,oa Qkby fjdkMZ

06 vad

2&ikd dyk l=h; ikB~;e ij vk/kkfjr lHkh fcUnq

06 vad

3&ekSf[kd dk;Z lHkh [k.M ls

03 vad

uksV&1
& v/;kfidk ds }kjk izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ ds dk;Z dk fooj.k ok ijh{kd ds le{k izLrqr fd;k tk;sA
2&ok ijh{kk ds le; izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ ls ekMy cukus gsrq ,d ehVj diM+k eaxk;k tk;sA bl fu.kZ; dk ikyu djuk
vfuok;Z gSA
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed
kRed ijh{kk&
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s
tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

51

flykbZ
1&flykbZ dks e'khus rFkk mldh ;kaf=dRo dh tkudkjh ftlesa e'khu esa /kkxk mfpr :i ls yxkuk] ruko o Vkads ds fu;e
rFkk e'khu dh lk/kkj.k [kjkfc;ksa dks nwj djus dk O;kogkfjd KkuA
2&uhps fn;s izR;sd oxZ ls ,d oL=&
1&kd ;k isVhdksVA
2&lulwV ;k CykmtA
izR;sd Nk=k dks QSUlh Vkadh dh d<+kbZ dk ,d lsV rS;kj djuk pkfg, tSls yap lsV] MpSt lsV o Vh lsVA
fVIi.kh&f'kf{kdk
dks izR;sd Nk=k dk dk;Z ds fooj.k] ok iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds fujh{k.k gsrq rS;kj j[kuk pkfg,A
fVIi.kh&
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugh dh xbZ gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku lacaf/kr fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

xqtjkrh
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1&x| foHkkx Hkko fu:i.k
20
2&i| foHkkx Hkko fu:i.k
20
3&x| foHkkx ikB~; iqLrd ij vk/kkfjr iz'u
20
4&i| foHkkx ikB~; iqLrd ij vk/kkfjr dforkvksa dh leh{kk
20
5&jl] NUn rFkk vyadkj
10
6&fucU/k
10
fu/kkZfjr iqLrdsa&
1 xqtjkrh /kksj.k 12 xqtjkr jkT; 'kk[kk ikB~; iqLrd e.My fo/kk;u] lsDVj 10&,] xka/kh uxj xqtjkr

vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad

fp=dyk
bldh ijh{kk nks iz'u&i=ksa esa gksxhA izR;sd iz'u&i= 50&50 iw.kkZadksa dk rFkk 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
izFke iz'u&i= izkfof/kd fp=dyk vFkok vkys[ku dk gksxkA blesa 10 vadksa ds oLrqfu"B iz'u iwNs tk;saxs rFkk 'ks"k
iz'u&i= 40 vadksa dk gksxkA
f}rh; iz'u&i= oLrq fp=.k 30 vad o Le`fr fp=.k 20 vad] izd`fr fp=.k 30 vad Le`fr fp=.k 20 vFkok izkd`frd
n`'; yS.MLdsi 50 vadA
izFke iz'u&i=
[k.M d fgUnh rFkk vaxzsth ds cM+s CAPITAL izdk'k o Nk;k;qDr v{kj] jkseu] vk/kqfudA lkFk&lkFk
frjNh fy[kkoV esa ,d okD;A
10 vad
;k
d.kZor iSekuk
[k.M [k Bksl T;kfefr&?ku] leik'oZ] lwph] LrEHk] xksyk] csyu] 'kadq ds ykfEcd iz{ksiA
10 vad
[k.M x&leferh; fp=A
20 vad
fVIi.kh&iz
fVIi.kh& R;sd [k.M esa ls ,d iz'u vfuok;Z gS rFkk dqy ikap iz'u djus gksaxsA
vFkok
vkys[ku&izkd`frd] vyadkfjd] vkd`fr;ksa ij vk/kkfjr fofHkUu izdkj ds nks ;k nks lss vf/kd vko`fRr ds
ekSfyd&jpukRed vkys[kuA iq"i tSls xqykc] dey] lwjteq[kh] Mgfy;k] xqM+gy] isUth vkfn Qwy] dfy;ka] ifRr;ksa vkfn

52

oLrq;sa tSls ekuo 'ka[k] frrfy;kaa] gal] fgju] gkFkh vkfn dk vk/kkj ysdj vkys[ku cukukA de ls de rhu jax Hkjus
gSaA mRre laxfr ds lkFkA vkys[ku oL=ksa dh NikbZ] cqukbZ] d<+kbZ] peZ f'kYi] crZu] vYiuk o vU; T;kfefr vkdkj esa
cukus gksaxsA xzkQ cuk dj Hkh vkys[ku cuk;s tk ldrs gSaA
40 vad
f}rh; iz'u&i=
50 vad
oLrq fp=.k o Le`fr fp=.k ;k izkd`frd fp=.k] izkd`frd n`'; Land Scape&
oLrq fp=.k
30 vad
fofHkUu izdkj dh oLrq;sa tks lk/kkj.k iz;ksx esa vkrh gaS vkSj tks csyukdkj] vk;rkdkj rFkk lkekU; vkdkj dh gkssrh gS
tSls ?kjsyw crZu] kdjh] nhid] ykyVsu] cksrysa] fxykl] twrs] vVSph] Fkjel] Nrjh] iSdsV] Qy] lCth vkfn dk fp= cukuk&;g
fp=.k bad esa izdk'k] Nk;k rFkk izfrNk;k] isfUly] isLVy] vk;y isaV] iksLVj jax] ty jax vxz Hkwfe rFkk i`"B Hkwfe n'kkZrs gq, djuk
gSA
fVIi.kh&fp=
fVIi.kh& la;kstu ls 20 lsaeh0 ls de u gksA oLrq lewg ,d vk;rkdkj o vU; csyukdkj ;k xksykdkj oLrqvkas dk
gksuk pkfg,A ftudk vkil esa leUo; Hkh gksuk pkfg,A oLrqvksa dks de ls de 40 lsaeh0 apkbZ ij j[kk gksuk pkfg,A
vFkok
izd`fr fp=.k ;k Le`fr fp=.k
izd`fr fp=.k
30 vad
iq"i tSls&dusj] xqM+gy] isUth] dfy;ka] MaByksa] ifRr;ksa rFkk lEiw.kZ ikS/ks ds fp=] izkd`frd jaxksa eas Nk;k] izdk'k rFkk izfr
Nk;k n'kkZrs gq, cukukA ty jax ;k iksLVj jax dk iz;ksx dj ldrs gSaA ikS/ks o iq"i] ifRr;ksa ds izR;sd vax o tksM+ cukus esa fo'ks"k
/;ku j[kuk pkfg,A
Le`fr fp=.k
20 vad
oLrq fp=.k ;k izkd`frd fp=.k ds lkFk&lkFk Le`fr fp=.k lQsn dkxe ij izdk'k] Nk;k rFkk izfr Nk;k lfgr fuEu
oLrqvksa es ls fdlh ,d dk fp= cukuk gksxkA ?kjsyw crZu] kdjh] 'kh'ks o ,uey vU; nSfud thou dh NksVh&NksVh oLrq,a ;k ljy
i'kq&i{kh tsSls dqRrk] fcYyh] [kjxks'k] fgju] gkFkh] i{kh] cRr[k] eksj] rksrk] eqxkZ] dcwrj] gal] uki 15 lsaeh0 ls vf/kd ughaA
ek/;e isfUly s;ku
vFkok
izkd`frd n`'; Land Scape
50 vad
50 vadksa dk gksxkA Le`fr fp=.k ugha djuk gSA
mPprj izkd`frd n`'; tSls m"kkdky] e/;dky dksbZ _rq izHkko] ftlesa ekuo] i'kq&i{kh] >ksifM+;ksa] vkdk'k dk lekos'k gks
;k xzkeh.k thou dh lk/kkj.k >kadh] lkekftd n`';] FkksMs+ izkd`frd i`"BHkwfe esa cukuk gSA ek/;e&ty jax] iksLVj jax] vkW;y] vkW;y
isLVy o dkcZu pkjdksy isfUly] uki 25 lsaeh0 x 30 lsaeh0A
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA
rdZ'kkL=
mn~ns'; ,oa y{;&
ek/;fed Lrj ij Nk=ksa dks rdZ'kkL= ds rRoksa ds f'k{k.k dk mn~ns';] muds efLr"d dh Li"V] ;FkkFkZ ,oa ec) fpUru
ds fy, izLrqr djuk gSA lexz:i ls rdZ'kkL= esa ikB~;e fuEukafdr mn~ns';ksa dh iwfrZ gsrq fu/kkZfjr fd;k x;k gS&
d Nk=ksa dks ,sls ekSfyd fu;eksa ,oa fl)kUrksa ls ifjfpr djkuk tks fopkjksa dks fu;fU=r djrs gSaA
[k mudks oSKkfud 'kks/kksa esa iz;qDr rkfdZd izf;kvksa ls ifjfpr djkukA
x Nk=ksa dks fopkj izf;k esa vk;s gq, nks"kksa dks idM+us rFkk muls cpus ds ;ksX; cukukA
?k Nk=ksa esa rkfdZd n`f"Vdks.k rFkk rdZlaxr fopkj vkSj lR; ds izfr lEeku mRiUu djukA
mi;qZDr mn~ns';ksa ,oa y{;ksa dh iwfrZ gsrq ikB~; oLrq dks izLrqr djrs le; v/;kid dks fopkjk/khu izdj.k ds O;kogkfjd
i{k ij fo'ks"k cy nsuk rFkk nSfud thou ls n`"VkUr vkSj mnkgj.k nsuk visf{kr gSA

53

rdZ'kkL=
blesa 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gksaxs
izFke iz'u&i=

iw.kkZad&50
1&rdZ'kkL= rFkk mudk oxhZdj.k
10
2&mfDr;ksa dk rkfdZd Lo:i] vUrjkuqeku dh izd`fr ,oa Lo:i] vUrjkuqeku ds fofHkUu Lo:iksa ls lacaf/kr nks"k izdj.k]
vUrjkuqeku ds izdkjA
10
3&U;k; okD; % vkdkj ,oa la;ksxA
10
4&feJ U;k; okD;
10
5&U;k; okD;ksa ds fu;eksa ds mYya?ku ls mRiUu nks"k
10
f}rh; iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad&50
1&izkDdYiuk
8
2&lkE;kuqeku
8
3&O;oLFkk ,oa fu;eksa dk laLFkkiu
8
4&oxhZdj.k
8
5&vkxeukRed ;qfDr;ksa ds fo'ys"k.k ,oa vkxeukRed i)fr dk iz;ksx] vkxeu rdZ ls lacaf/kr nks"k izdj.k
9
6&izk;ksfxd vFkok vkxeu dh fof/k;ka
9
iqLrd&
dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

rfey
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1&i|
1&i| %
1 lUnHkZ rFkk O;k[;k
2 ys[kd ifjp;] 'kSyh] vykspuk vkfn
3 dfork lkjka'k vFkok vU; lkekU; iz'u
2&fucU/k % i;kZoj.k] tula[;k] iznw"k.k rFkk VkfQd :Yl ij Hkh fucU/k iwaNs tk;saxsA
3&
1 lk/kkj.k 'kCnksa rFkk eqgkojksa dk iz;ksx
2 lekl rFkk lfU/k
3 'kCn&Hksn ,d 'kCn dk fHkUu&fHkUu vFkksZa lfgr okD;ksa dk iz;ksx
4&
1 i| ij vk/kkfjr y?kq iz'u
2 i| ij vk/kkfjr vfr y?kq iz'u
5&vuq
ls rfey
5&vuqokn&&fgUnh
kn&&
rfey ls fgUnh
lgk;d iqLrdsa&&rfey
ikB~;iqLrd
&

05
05
10
20
05
05
10
05
15
10
10

vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad

25
25
25
25

vad
vad
vad
vad

rsyxw
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1&x| ,oa i| ij vkykspukRed iz'u
2&lUnHkZ lfgr O;k[;k
3&O;kdj.k ,oa yksdksfDr;ka
4&fucU/k tula[;k] VkfQd :Yl] i;kZoj.k ,oa LokLF; ij Hkh iz'u iwaNs tk;sxa sA

54

fu/kkZfjr ikB~;&iqLrdsa&&
i|&&d#.k
Jh] ys0 ts0 ikI; 'kkL=h jke ifCy'klZ] darqy fjLVhV] fot;okM+k&1] vk0 iz0 ls izkIrA
i|&&
x|&&uhfrpfUnz
dk&&fe=sonu] ys[kd&&fpUulq;fj osadV jke ,s.M da0A
x|&&
O;kdj.k&&
vkU/kz O;kdj.ke~ xk0 jk0 lhn#yqA

ukxfjd 'kkL=
bl fo"k; esa nks iz'u&i= gksaxAs izR;sd dh vof/k 3 ?k.Vs rFkk vf/kdre vad 50 gksaxsA izFke iz'u&i= ukxfjd 'kkL= ds
fl)kUr ij vkSj nwljk Hkkjrh; 'kklu rFkk ukxfjd thou ij gksxkA
nksuksa iz'u&i=ksa esa 10&10 vadksa ds oLrqfu"B iz'u vo'; iwNs tk;saxsA
ikB~;e dks #fpdj] mi;ksxh vkSj thoUr cukus ds fy, iqLrdh; Kku ds lkFk&lkFk O;kogkfjd Kku ds fy, ftu
fo|ky;ksa ds ikl lk/ku gksa vkSj tgk lEHko gks Nk=ksa dh LFkkuh; fudk;ksa] fo/kku e.My] laln vkSj U;k;ky;ksa dh dk;Z&iz.kkyh dk
Kku djk;k tk;sA lkFk gh fo|ky;ksa esa ekd ikfyZ;kesaV@fo/kku e.My vkfn dk Hkh vk;kstu djk;k tk;sA
izFke iz'u&i=
ukxfjd 'kkL= ds fl)kUr
bdkbZ&2
1&jkT; dh mRifRr ds fl)kUr % lkekftd le>kSrk fl)kUr ,oa fodkloknh fl)kUr
10 vad
2&jkT;ksa ds dk;ksaZ dk fl)kUr&&O;fDroknh fl)kUr] yksd lektoknh fl)kUr] yksd dY;k.kdkjh jkT; dk
fl)kUr] izkphu Hkkjrh; fopkjdksa euq rFkk dkSfVY; ds vuqlkj jkT; ds fofHkUu dk;ZA
bdkbZ&2
10 vad
1&LorU=rk ,oa lekurkA
2&vf/kdkj ,oa drZO;A
bdkbZ&3
15 vad
1&'kklu ds vax&O;oLFkkfidk] dk;Zikfydk rFkk U;k;ikfydk % laxBu] 'kfDr;ka ,oa egRoA
2&tuer] jktuSfrd ny] erkf/kdkj rFkk fuokZpu iz.kkfy;kaA
bdkbZ&4
15 vad
1&jk"Vokn rFkk vUrjkZ"Vokn] xqVfujis{krk dh vo/kkj.kkA
2&vkj{k.k dh vo/kkj.kk] vko';drk] {ks= rFkk ifj.kkeA
3&Hkkjr esa vkfnoklh ,oa tutkfr dh leL;k ,oa lek/kkuA
4&ekuokf/kdkj % vFkZ] ifjHkk"kk] egRo fo'ks"kdj efgykvksa rFkk cPpksa ds lanHkZ esa ,oa ekuokf/kdkj ds le{k pqukSfr;ka o
lek/kkuA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad&50
Hkkjrh; 'kklu rFkk ukxfjd thou
bdkbZ&1&jkT; ljdkj dk xBu rFkk dk;Z fof/k&
12 vad
d jkT;ksa dh dk;Zikfydk&&jkT;iky rFkk efU=ifj"kn~]
[k jkT;ksa dk fo/kku e.My&&fo/kku ifj"kn~&&laxBu rFkk 'kfDr] fo/kku lHkk&&laxBu rFkk 'kfDrA
x nksuksa lnuksa ls ikjLifjd rFkk dk;Zikfydk ls lEcU/kA
bdkbZ&2&dsUnz 'kkflr {ks= rFkk mudh 'kklu O;oLFkk&
15 vad
1&dsUnz 'kkflr {ks= rFkk mudh 'kklu O;oLFkkA
2&Hkkjrh; U;k;ikfydk&&loksZPp U;k;ky;&&tufgr ;kfpdk;sa&&vFkZ rFkk egRo&&yksd vnkyrA
3&Hkkjr esa lkoZtfud lsok;sa&&mlds egRo rFkk dk;Z vkSj yksd lsok vk;ksxA

55

4&LFkkuh; Lo'kklu&&
d LFkkuh; 'kklu dk egRo iapk;rh jkt O;oLFkk
[k xzke iapk;r] {ks= iapk;r rFkk ftyk iapk;rA
x uxj iapk;r] uxj ikfydk ifj"kn~] uxj fuxeA
5&uhfr vk;ksx&
iapo"khZ; ;kstuk;sa&mlds y{; rFkk mifyC/kA
bdkbZ&3&f}rh; fo'o;q) ds ckn oSf'od ifjn`'; % 'khr;q)] ruko] 'kSfFkY; ,d /kqzoh; ,oa cgq /kqzoh; fo'o dh ifjdYiuk 10 vad
bdkbZ&4&Hkkjr
rFkk fo'o % jk"V e.My ds lnL; ds :i esa Hkkjr] la;qDr jk"V la?k ds lnL; ds :i esa Hkkjr] Hkkjr
4&
dh fons'k uhfr] xqVfujis{k vkUnksyu ,oa lkdZA
13 vad
ikB~; iqLrdsa&
dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA
uSikyh
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1&x| iape ikB ls vfUre ikB rd llUnHkZ x|ka'k O;k[;k] ys[kd ifjp; vkSj leh{kk
20 vad
2&i| iape ikB ls vfUre ikB rd lUnHkZ lfgr i|ka'k O;k[;k] dfo ifjp; vkSj leh{kk
20 vad
3&ukVd llUnHkZ vorj.k O;k[;k ,oa fgj.;df'kiq dks NksM+dj ukVd ds 'ks"k ik=ksa dk ifjp;
10 vad
4&vuqokn uSikyh ls laLd`r
05
10 vad
laLd`r ls uSikyh
05
5&fucU/k fot;n'keh] Qkxqiwf.kZek] tUek"Veh] frgkj] tyiznw"k.k] e`n~ iznwZ"k.k esa fdlh ,d fo"k; esa
10 vad
10 vad
6&ikB lkjka'k fu/kkZfjr ikB~;iqLrd ds fu/kkZfjr ikBksa dk lkjka'k ikB dk laf{kIrhdj.k
vFkok fofHkUu ikBksa ij vk/kkfjr rdZ laxr y?kq mkjh; iz'u
10 vad
7&NUn misUnzotzk] mitkfr] oa'kLFk] f'k[kfj.kh] 'kkbZy fohfMr] Hkqtax iz;.k
vyadkj&&
miek] :id] n`"VkUr] mRizs{kk] vfr'k;ksfDr] vFkkZUrjU;kl] fojks/kkHkkl
8&lfU/k] 'kCn :i ,oa /kkrq:i xq.klfU/k] o`f)lfU/k] folxZlfU/k
10 vad
'kCn:i&&vkReu] vLen~] ;q"en~] rn~
/kkrq:i&&iB~] xe~ /kkrq ds yV~] fy~] y`V]~ yksV~ ydkj ds :i
fu/kkZfjr ikB~;&iqLrd&&
1&usikyh x| pfUnzdk] Hkkx&2 iape ikB ls vfUre ikB rd] ys[kd fnus'k pUnz] izdk'kd txnh'k pUnz jsXeh] usikyh
iqLrd lnu] nqxkZ?kkV] okjk.klhA
2&usikyh i| pfUnzdk] Hkkx&2 iape ikB ls vfUre ikB rd] ys[kd fnus'k pUnz] izdk'kd txnh'k pUnz jsXeh] usikyh
iqLrd lnu] nqxkZ?kkV] okjk.klhA
3&r#.k rilh] 3&5 foJke jpf;rk ys[kukFk ikSM;ky] dkBek.Mw] usikyA
4&izgykn ukVd] ckyd`".k lelk>k] izdk'ku dkBek.Mw] usikyA
5&fHk[kkjh&&jpf;rk&&y{eh izlkn nsodksVk] lk>k izdk'ku] dkBek.Mw] usiky fu/kkZfjr ikB ou] ?kkalh
6&lgk;d xzUFk&&
1 NUn] jl vyadkj&&xksj[kk iqLrd Hk.Mkj] okjk.klhA
2 'kCn /kkrq :i NUnlk rkfydk lEiknd] fouksn jk; ikBd] 'kkjn izdk'ku laLFkku] okjk.klhA
3 y?kq fl)kUr dkSeqnh

56

ikfy
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1 x|&&d
x|&& egkifjfuCcku lqka Hkk.kokj 4 ls 6 rd
30 vad
[k ikfy izosf'kdk ikB 19&24
2 i|&&d
i|&& ?kEein /kEenqoXxks] HkXxoXxks] ikfd..kXxks]fuj;oXxks
[k pfj;kfiVd nkuikjfeok ds vUrxZr N% ls nl ppkZ,a
3 O;kdj.k fucU/k rFkk vuqokn
i O;kdj.k&&
d 'kCn :i&&fuEuka
:i&& fdr laKkvksa rFkk muds vuq:i vU; 'kCnksa ds :i

30 vad
30 vad
10 vad

[1] iqfYyax&&eqfu] fHkD[kq


[2] L=hfyax&&bRFkh
[3] uiaqldfyax&&vV~fB] vk;q
[k /kkrq :i&&orZ
:i&& eku] Hkwr rFkk Hkfo"; dky esa fuEufyf[kr /kkrqvksa ds :i iB] xe] jD[k]
ip] ue] cq/k] ld] fy[k] Hkqt] dFk] iwtA
x lfU/k;k&&fuEufyf[kr
lw=ksa ij vk/kkfjr gksaxh] ijUrq lw=ksa dks daBLFk djuk vko';d
&
ugha gSA
[d
d] Loj lfU/k&&1
lfU/k&& ijksDofp] 2 , vks ua
[[k
[k]
[k O;atu lfU/k&&1
lfU/k&& ljEgkCnsA
[xx] fuXxghra lfU/k&&
lfU/k&&1 yksiksA
leklksa dh lkekU; ifjHkk"kk rFkk mnkgj.k %
?k lekl&&fuEufyf[kr
lekl&&
[1] cgqczhfg lekl [2] }U} leklA
ii fucU/k&&ikfy
Hkk"kk esa laf{kIr fucU/k ljy lkr okD;ksa esa
fucU/k&&
Hkxokcq)ksa dqflukjk] jktk vlksdks] cks/kx;kA
iii vuqokn&&fgUnh
okD;ksa dk ikfy esa :ikUrj vuqokn dk mn~ns'; Nk=@Nk=kvksa dks ikfy Hkk"kk esa okD;
kn&&
jpuk ,oa ikfy Hkk"kk dk laxBu@i)fr ls ifjfpr djkuk gSA
iv ikfy lkfgR; dk bfrgkl f}rh; ckS) laxhfr] r`rh; ckS) laxhfr] fou; fiVdA
uksV %&&vuq
%&& okn ds fy;s dksbZ ikB~;&iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ugha gSA

10 vad

10 vad
10 vad

iatkch
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
d x| %
[1] lUnHkZ rFkk O;k[;k] lkfgfR;d lkSna ;Z

2+5+2 =

10 vad

[2] ys[kd dk ifjp;] 'kSyh] Hkk"kk

2+1+1 =

05 vad

[3] dgkuh lkjka'k vFkok vU; lkekU; iz'u

05 vad

[4] lgk;d iqLrdksa ds vk/kkj ij ,d iz'u lkjka'k


'kCn lhek 75&100 vFkok pfj=&fp=.k ds :i esa 'kCn lhek 125&150

05 vad

57

[k x| rFkk i| ij vk/kkfjr iz'u 'kCn lhek 50&60

2+2 =

x 1&laKk] loZuke] fyax] opu vkfn 'kCnksa dk okD;ksa esa iz;ksx rFkk ifjHkk"kk

05 vad
08 vad

2&iatkch ls fgUnh esa vuqokn N% iafDr;ka

06 vad

3&fgUnh ls iatkch esa vuqokn N% iafDr;ka

06 vad

d i| %
[1] lanHkZ rFkk O;k[;k rFkk dkO; lkS"Bo

1+2+1 =

05 vad

[2] ifjp;] 'kSyh] Hkk"kk

2+1+1 =

05 vad

[3] dfork dk lkjka'k vFkok lkekU; iz'u

05 vad

[k ukVd Mkek %
[1] lUnHkZ rFkk O;k[;k

2+2 =

[2] ik=ksa ds pfj=&fp=.k vFkok dk;Z dh vkykspuk 'kCn lhek 75&100


x vya
vyadkj %

2+3 =

05 vad
05 vad
05 vad

fuEufyf[kr vyadkjksa dh igpku mnkgj.k lfgr %


'kCnkyadkj&&'ys"k] oksfDrA
vFkZkyadkj&&lUnsg] mRizs{kk] mYys[kA
O;kdj.k %
1 'kCn Hksn ,d gh 'kCn dk fHkUu&fHkUu vFkksaZ lfgr okD;ksa dk iz;ksx

06 vad

2 iatkch esa fucU/k 'kCn lhek 225&250 rd

10 vad

3 iSjkxzkQ vk/kkfjr iz'u ds vUnjA

04 vad

fu/kkZfjr iqLrdsa&
x|
1&xjhc nh nqfu;k&&ys[kd l0 ukud flag izkfIr LFkku&&flag cznlZ] cktkj ekbZ lsok&ve`rljA
i|
2&jl/kkjk] ys[kd&&ljnkj vorkj flag] vktkn izdk'kd] turk izdk'ku efUnj] tkyU/kj flVhA
ukVd gsrq laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
3&eqMds nh [kq'kcw&&ys[kd&&gjpju flag] iz0&&/kuir jk; ,s.M lUl] tkyU/kj flVhA
lgk;d iqLrd&&
4&thou tqxfr] ys[kd&&fizUliy fujatu flag] izdk'kd&&flag cznlZ] cktkj ekbZ lsok] ve`rljA
O;kdj.k ds fy;s&&
5&uohu iatkch O;kdj.k ys[k jpuk&&ys[kd&&Kkuh flag] /kuir jk; ,.M lUl] tkyU/kj flVh] iatkchA

Qkjlh
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1&fu/kkZfjr ikB~;&iqLrd ls dfork dk mnwZ vFkok fgUnh vFkok vaxzts h esa O;k[;k

15 vad

2&ikB~;&iqLrd ij vk/kkfjr vkykspukRed iz'u dk mkj mnwZ vFkok fgUnh vFkok vaxzsth esa

15 vad

58

3&O;kdj.k
4&vuqokn mnwZ vFkok fgUnh vFkok vaxzsth ls Qkjlh esa
5&ifBr iqLrdksa ds fdlh x| Hkkx dh O;k[;k mnwZ vFkok fgUnh vFkok vaxzsth esa
6&ikB~;&iqLrd ij vk/kkfjr vkykspukRed iz'u dk mkj mnwZ vFkok fgUnh vFkok vaxzsth esa
7&lgk;d iqLrd ds fdlh m)j.k dh O;k[;k
8&fucU/k tula[;k] i;kZoj.k] LokLF; f'k{kk ,oa VSfQd :Yl dh tkudkjh gsrq bu fo"k;ksa ij Hkh
fucU/k ds :i esa iwNs tk;saxsA
fu/kkZfjr ikB~; iqLrdsa&&
i| ds fy;s
1&okgk fjLrkus Qkjlh] Hkkx&nks] ys[kd&&[kkue tkfdjk jbZl] izdk'kd&&'kgukt ifCyds'ku] 'kgenxat] cjsyhA
x| ds fy;s
2&ogkfjLrkus Qkjlh] Hkkx&nks] ys[kd&&[kkue tkfdjk jbZl] izdk'kd&&'kgukt ifCyds'ku] 'kgenxat] cjsyhA
3&O;kdj.k&felckgqy dok;n izFke Hkkx
ys[kd&,e0,p0 tykymn~nhu tkQjh&izdk'kd vuokj vgenh izsl] bykgkcknA
4&vuqokn rFkk fucU/k&tnhn jguqek; rjtqek o dok;n Qkjlh&r`rh; Hkkx
ys[kd 'kkgjkth vgen&izdk'kd jkeukjk;u yky csuh ek/ko] bykgkcknA
5&lgk;d iqLrqd&
xqyoLrk&,&Q+kjlh&ys[kd gkfQ+t eqgEen [kka&izdk'kd jke ukjk;u yky csuh ek/ko] bykgkcknA
fu/kkZfjr ikB~;oLrq
i|
1&ekSykuk :e&eluoh
2&nkLrku&,&'kknh
1&jkstk&,&lqYrku
2&fnys nnZ eank cn vkoj tscUn
3&cjgky&,&vke&rrkcqyudquSn
3&xtfy;kr&'ks[klknh 'khjkth
4&,sjkdh genkuh&xtfy;kr
5&lyeku lkth&xtfy;kr
6&[oktk gkfQ+t 'khjkth&xtfy;kr
:ckbZ;kr
1&vcq lbZn
2&vcq [kSj
dukn
1&'kQ+sZ enZ
2&rklhj&,&geu'khuh
3&lksgcrs usdka
lbZn uQ+hlh
1&iSxkes 'kk;j&csnq[rjkus bejkst
lS;kcq'k dljkbZ
1&ckx+&,&dkyh
x|
1&bUrs[kkc vt fjlkys fnydq'k&mcSn t+kdkuhA
2&bUrs[kkc vt yrk;sQ+ mr rok;QQ&ekSykuk Q[k:n~nhu vyh vklQhA
3&bUrs[kkc vt Qkjlh o nLrwj
1&mrkQ&,&[okc
2&vyekl
3&tokaenhZ

08
12
20
08
10

vad
vad
vad
vad
vad

12 vad

59

caxyk

bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA


1 i| ikB~;&iqLrd
40 vad
2 ukVd
30 vad
3 vk/kqfud caxyk lkfgR; dk laf{kIr bfrgkl 19oha lnh
20 vad
4 vyadkj %
10 vad
fuEufyf[kr vyadkjksa dk v/;;u fd;k tk; %
vuqizkl] ;ed] 'ys"k] :id] mRisz{kk] O;frjsd] lUnsg] O;ktLrqfr] vizLrqr] iz'kalk] vFkkZUrjU;kl] vigqufr]
'oHk;ksfDr] vfr';ksfDrA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
mPp ek/;fed caxyk lap;u dfork o ukVd&&
if'pe cax ek/;fed f'k{kk ifj"kn~ fo'o Hkkjrh] 6 vkpk;Z txnh'k clq jksM] dydkk&&17A
dfork;sa&&
1&iwoZjkx&&p.MhnklA
2&gjxksjksj lalkj&&Hkkjr pUnzA
3&jko.ksj j.k lTtk&&e/kqlwnu nkA
4&ekuo oUnuk&&v{k; dqekj cM+kyA
5&vksjk dkt djs&&johUnz ukFk BkdqjA
6&o"kZ cks/ku&&lR;sUnz ukFk nkA
7&johUnz ukFksj izfr&&cq)nso clqA
8&cqyku eaMysj izfr dkydsrq&&dfo dadu eqdqUnjke porhZA
9&dkSpMko&&;rhUnz ukFk lsu xqIrkA
10&thou oUnuk&&dkth ut+:y bLykeA
11&?kks"k.kk&&lqHkk"k eq[kksi/;k;A
12&vBkjksa cgksj o;=&&lqdkUr HkV~Vkpk;ZA
ukVd&&
1&d.kZ dqUrh laokn&&johUnz ukFkA
2&LVkpq&&eUeFk jk;A
3&vk/kqfud caxyk lkfgR;&bfr o`Rr&vf"kr dqekj canksik/;k;A
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
1&An up-to-date Bengali Composition
1&v'kksdukFk HkV~Vkpk;Z] ekMuZ cqd ,tsUlh] dydkk&&17A
2&caxyk f}rh; i= f}rh; [k.M&&duds cU|ksik/;k;] LVwMsUV~l cqd lIykbZ] 1 dkyst LDok;j&&dydkk&&72A

Hkwxksy

rhu&rhus ?k.Vs ,oa 35&35 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gksaxs rFkk 30 vadksa dh ,d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gksxhA mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s
fyf[kr] iz;ksxkRed ,oa ;ksx esa e'k% 23] 10 ,oa 33 vad izkIr djus gksaxsA
mn~ns';
1&izkd`frd i;kZoj.k rFkk ekuo dk;Zdykiksa dh vUr% f;k ls tfur ifjfLFkfr;ksa dh HkkSxksfyd tkudkjh izkIr djukA
2&HkkSxksfyd v/;;u ls lEcfU/kr lwpuk ,d= djuk] fo'ys"k.k djuk rFkk fu"d"kZ fudkyus esa lgk;d dkS'kyksa dh
tkudkjh djuk rFkk fuiq.krk izkIr djukA
3&fo'o ds fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa lalk/kuksa rFkk muds mi;ksx dh tkudkjh izkIr djuk rFkk Hkfo"; ds ckjs esa fu"d"kZ fudkyukA
4&Hkkjr ds izkd`frd rFkk ekuoh; lalk/kuksa ds mi;ksx ds QyLo:i fodkl dh lEHkkoukvksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh izkIr
djukA
5&fofHkUu lalk/kuksa rFkk izknsf'kd {ks=ksa ds orZeku fodkl dk vkadyu djuk rFkk Hkfo"; esa muds b"Vre~ fodkl dh
ladYiuk djus dk iz;kl djukA
izFke iz'u&i=
HkkSfrd ,oa ekuo Hkwxksy
bdkbZ&1&
07 vad
tSo e.My&&iz
e.My&& kd`frd ouLifr&&izdkj] fo'ks"krk;sa ,oa fo'o forj.kA tho&tUrq vkSj tyok;q rFkk ouLifr ls lg lEcU/kA
ikfjfLFkfrdh rU=] vlaryq u dh leL;k;sa ,oa mudk fujkdj.kA

60

bdkbZ&2&

12 vad
ekuo rFkk vkfFkZd Hkwxksy&&d
&& izkd`frd i;kZoj.k ds rRo] ekuo vkSj i;kZoj.k dk lEcU/k tula[;k dh o`f)] ?kuRo rFkk
forj.kA tula[;k dh lajpuk] fyax] vk;q] lk{kjrk] xzke ,oa uxjh; rFkk O;kolkf;d lajpukA tula[;k dh leL;k;sa] mudk
fujkdj.k&tula[;k LFkkukUrj.k] fo'o iztkfr;ka ,oa Hkkjrh; tu tkfr;ka] tkrh; leL;k;sa] jax Hksn uhfrA xzke] uxj] lkekU; xzkeh.k
vf/kokl] muds izdkj vkSj izfr:i] uxjh; vf/kokl mudh vkdkfjdk ,oa dk;Z] uxjhdj.k dh leL;k;saA
[k lalk/ku vkSj muds oxhZdj.k&&tS
j.k& o ,oa {k;h ,oa v{k;h] laHkkO; ,oa fodflr dPpk eky rFkk tkZ] lalk/kuksa dk
laj{k.k] izeq[k lalk/kuksa dk laj{k.k] izeq[k lalk/kuksa dk fo'o forj.k] ou eRL;] [kfut] tkZ rFkk ty lalk/ku] vFkZ&O;oLFkk ds
izkFkfed] f}rh;d vkSj r`rh;d {ks=A eRL;] i'kqikyu ,oa d`f"k fo'ks"k lUnHkZ esaA izkFkfed {ks= dk v/;;u] d`f"k ds izdkj] >we rFkk
LFkk;h thou fuokZgd ,oa O;kikfjd l?ku ,oa foLr`r ckxkrh d`f"k] fefJr [ksrh] 'kq"d [ksrh] Qy&lCth dh [ksrh] lgdkjh d`f"k
vkfnA fuEukafdr dh mit] n'kk;sa rFkk fo'o forj.k xsgw] pkoy] dikl] twV] xUuk] pk;] dgok] jcjA
bdkbZ&3&
07 vad
f}rh;d {ks=&&m|ks
&& xksa ds LFkkuhdj.k ds dkj.k] yksgk rFkk bLikr] oL=] dkxt] phuh m|ksxA
bdkbZ&4&
09 vad
r`rh; {ks=&&;krk;kr
ds lk/ku] jsyekxZ] egklkxjh; ekxZ] ok;qekxZ] ikbi ykbu] lalkj ds izeq[k jsy egkuxjh; ,oa ok;q
&&
ekxksaZ dk v/;;u] vUrjkZ"Vh; O;kikj] izeq[k cUnjxkg] xsgwa] pkoy] pk;] [kfut] rsy] ykSg [kfut rFkk dks;ys dk vUrjkZ"Vh;
O;kikjA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
izknsf'kd ,oa Hkkjr dk Hkwxksy
le; 3 ?k.Vs
vad 35
bdkbZ&1
vad 10
ekuoh; lalk/ku&tu'kfDr
xq.koRrk ,oa ek=kA
k/ku&
tula[;k dk ?kuRo ,oa foLrkj] tula[;k dh o`f) nj] tula[;k dh lajpuk] vk;q] fyax] Hkk"kk] lk{kjrk] O;olk;] xzkeh.k
,oa uxjh;A uxjhdj.k esa o`f) rFkk mldk vFkZ O;oLFkk ls lEcU/kA tula[;k dh leL;k;sa ,oa mudk lek/kkuA
bdkbZ&2
vad 09
Hkkjrh; vFkZ&O;oLFkk
d`f"k m|ksx /kU/kksa ,oa ;krk;kr ds lk/kuksa dk iapo"khZ; ;kstukvksa ds
O;oLFkk dh lajpuk] fo'ks"krk&Hkkjrh;
krk&
ifjizs{; esa v/;;u] Hkkjr dk fons'kh O;kikj rFkk egRoiw.kZ cUnjxkgA
bdkbZ&3
vad 07
^^vkink izcU/ku&Hkw
U/ku& dEi] Hkw&L[kyu] pokrh rwQku] lqukeh] iwokZuqeku ,oa cpko ds mik;A**
bdkbZ&4
vad 09
o"kkZ ty lap;u ,oa Hkw&xHkZ ty lEc)ZuA
vFkZ] ifjHkk"kk] {ks= uxjh; ,oa xzkeh.k ifjn`';
o"kkZ ty lap;u dh izf;k ,oa izdkj tSls uxjh; {ks= ds vUrxZr cgqeatyh; bekjrksa ds Nrksa ij Vafd;k bR;kfn ,oa
xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa dq.M] rkykc caf/krk bR;kfnA
o"kkZ ty izcU/ku ,oa mi;ksfxrkA
Hkwxksy iz;ksxkRed
30 vad
1&ekufp= iz{ksi&fuEu
iz{ksiksa dk vFkZ] mn~ns';] jpuk] fo'ks"krk;as ,oa mi;ksfxrk&
&
v ,d rFkk nks izekf.kd v{kka'kksa okys la[;kdkj iz{ksiA
c csyukdkj le{ks= iz{ksiA
l ukseksfud rFkk LVhfj;ksxzkfQd /kqzoh; iz{ksiA
n cksu iz{ksiA
2&ekufp= ij mPpkou izn'kZu&leks
& P; js[kkvksa ,oa ik'oZfp=ksa }kjk fuEu dk iznZ'ku&igkM+h] <ky lSfMy] oh vkdkj dh
?kkVh] iBkj] ;w vkdkj dh ?kkVh] mUurksnj ,oa urksnj <kyA
3&fuEu
/kjkry i=dksa dk v/;;u&
3&
63

B
15

J
3

53

O
7

L
48 13

4&,d
4& {ks=h; v/;;uA mldh fjiksVZ esa lacaf/kr vkadM+s rFkk js[kkafp= Hkh fn;s gksaA bl gsrq ,sls fo"k; fy;s tk;a tSls
;krk;kr] izokg] fdlh {ks= vFkok vf/kokl dk lkekftd vkfFkZd losZ{k.kA
5&lery
est }kjk losZ{k.kA
5&

61

iz;ksxkRed vad foHkktu


Hkwxksy
vf/kdre vad&30

U;wure mkh.kkZad&10

le;&3 ?k.Vk

ok; ewY;kadu&15 vad


fu/kkZfjr vad
1&fyf[kr ijh{kk&6 iz'uksa esa ls dsoy pkj iz'uksa ds mkj nhft;s&

10 vad

2&ekSf[kd ijh{k&losZ{k.k] {ks=h; v/;;u dh vk[;k rFkk iz;ksxkRed vH;kl iqfLrdk esa ls iz'u&

05 vad

vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&15 vad


1&losZ{k.k

05 vad

2&{ks=h; v/;;u vk[;k

05 vad

3&iz;ksxkRed vH;kl iqfLrdk

05 vad

uksV %&&
1&losZ{k.k ijh{kk ds fy, ,d ckj esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh la[;k 30 ls vf/kd u gksA
2&losZ{k.k 'khV] {ks=h; v/;;u vk[;k rFkk iz;ksxkRed vH;kl iqfLrdk dks ifj"knh; ok; ijh{kd ds le{k izLrqr djuk
vfuok;Z gSA
3&Nk=ksa dk ewY;kadu vkUrfjd o ok; ijh{kd }kjk la;qDr :i ls fd;k tk;sxkA
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;ssaxs] mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s
tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA
iqLrdsa&&
dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

euksfoKku
5050 vadks ds nks iz'u&i= gksax]s ftlesa ls izR;sd dh vof/k rhu ?k.Vs gksxhA
fo'ks"k&&1
k&& izFke iz'u&i= lkekU; vkSj nwljk iz'u&i= O;kogkfjd euksfoKku ij gksxkA tgk ,d vksj bl fo"k; dk
v/;;u fo|kFkhZ dks lkekU; f'k{kk esa ewyr% mi;ksxh izo`fk iznku djus ds fy;s gSa] ogha nwljh vksj ;g muds Lukrd Lrj ij vfxze
v/;;u ds fy;s larks"ktud vk/kkj iznku djus ds fy;s Hkh gSA iz;ksx vkSj f;k;sa] tks bl ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr dh x;h gaS] dh
tkuh pkfg;s vkSj Nk=ksa dks vius voyksdu rFkk fu"d"kZ dks vafdr djus ds fy;s ,d iqfLrdk j[kuh pkfg;s] fQj Hkh blesa izk;ksfxd
ijh{kk ugha gksxhA
2 nksuksa iz'u&i=ksa esa fu/kkZfjr iz;ksxkRed lEcU/kh ikB~;e esa ls ,d iz'u vfuok;Z :i ls iwNk tk;sxk tks Nk=ksa dks gy
djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
3 nksuksa iz'u&i=ksa esa ls ,d&,d oLrqfu"B iz'uksa dk gksxk] tks 10 vadksa dk gksxk ftls Nk=ksa dks gy djus dh ck/;rk
ugha gksxhA
izFke iz'u&i= lkekU; euksfoKku

50 vad

bdkbZ&1&
1&O;ogkj dk nSfgd vk/kkj Physiological Bases of Behaviour U;wjku&izdkj lajpuk
rFkk dk;Z rfU=dk] lfU/k LFky] rkfU=d vkosxA
8 vad
raf=dk ra=&&la
&& jpuk ,oa dk;Z] dsUnzh; rfU=dk ra= dh lajpuk ,oa dk;ZA

62

bdkbZ&2&vf/kxe&&vFkZ
vf/kxe&& ] Lo:i] lh[kuk rFkk ifjiDork] fo"k; p lh[kus dh fof/k;k ,oa fl)kUr]
iz;Ru&=qfV] vUrnZ`f"VA
15 vad
vuqcU/ku&&izkphu ,oa uSfefrd vuqcU/ku Ldhuj iz;ksx vftZr fuLlgk;rk Learned
helplessness lh[kus dk LFkkukUrj.kA
bdkbZ&3&Le`fr ,oa foLej.k&&Le`
foLej.k&& fr dh izd`fr ,oa ifjHkk"kk] Le`fr izf;k izkR;f{kd Le`fr izdkj lEosnh
vYidkyhu ,oa nh?kZ dkyhu Le`fr] ekiu dh fof/k;k] foLej.k ,oa mlds fu/kkZjdA fpUru dk Lo:i] izdkj fpUru
,oa Hkk"kk] Hkk"kk lEizkfIrA
12 vad
bdkbZ&4&O;fDrRo&&vFkZ
&O;fDrRo&& ] Lo:i] izdkj] O;fDrRo] 'khy] xq.k] O;fDrRo ds fu/kkZjd&&tSfod vkuqokaf'kdrk]
vUr% lzkoh xzfUFk;k i;kZoj.kh; dkjd lkekftd] lkaLd`frd ,oa vkfFkZd dkjdA
09 vad
bdkbZ&5&euksfoKku esa iz;ksx&&
06 vad
1 lh[kus esa niZ.k ys[ku dk iz;ksxA
2 f}ikf'Zod vUrj.kA
f}rh; iz'u&i= O;kogkfjd euksfoKku
50 vad
bdkbZ&1&euks
1&euksoSKkfud ijh{kk ,oa funsZ'ku&&cq
ku&& f) ijh{k.k fo'ks"k ;ksX;rk dk ekiu] 'kkfCnd ,oa v'kkfCnd
ijh{k.k] O;fDrxr ,oa lkewfgd ijh{k.k] O;fDrRo ijh{k.kA
15 vad
bdkbZ&2&lewg ruko&&mudh
ruko&&
o`f)] Hkkjr esa tkfrokn] lEiznk;okn] /keZokn rFkk Hkk"kkokn ds fo'ks"k lUnHkZ esa
mudk cuk jguk rFkk fujkdj.k dh fof/k;kA
10 vad
bdkbZ&3&i;kZoj.kh; euksfoKku&&Lo:i
rFkk fo'ks"krk;sa] oxhZdj.k] i;kZoj.kh; iznw"k.k leL;k] ouh; ,oa ok;q
oKku&&
iznw"k.k dk ekuo O;ogkj ij izHkkoA
12 vad
bdkbZ&4&euksfoKku esa ijh{k.k&&
06 vad
1&cqf) ijh{k.k&&miyC/krk ds vuqlkjA
2&O;fDrRo dk vUreq[Z kh] cfgeqZ[kh ijh{k.kA
3&#fp ijh{k.kA
bdkbZ&5&izkd`frd vkink;s&a &;Fkk
& vkx] HkwdEi] ck<+ lw[kk ,oa rwQku vkfn dh ewyHkwr tkudkjh rFkk mlls
iM+us okys izHkko ,oa fujkdj.k ds mik;A
07 vad
iqLrdsa&&
dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

ejkBh
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1 x|ka'k dh lUnHkZ lfgr O;k[;k x| Hkkx ls ,d
2 x|ka'k dh lUnHkZ lfgr O;k[;k dFkk Hkkx
3 i|ka'k dh lUnHkZ lfgr O;k[;k i| Hkkx ls ,d
4 x| ij vk/kkfjr vkykspukRed iz'u x| Hkkx ls
5 x| ij vk/kkfjr vkykspukRed iz'u dFkk Hkkx
6 i| ij vk/kkfjr vkykspukRed iz'u i| Hkkx ls
7 lkjka'k ys[ku
8 Eg.kh o okd~izpkj
9 jl] NUn ,oa vyadkjksa ij vk/kkfjr iz'u
10 O;kdj.k fyax] opu

08 vad
08 vad
08 vad
08 vad
08 vad
08 vad
15 vad
10 vad
15 vad
12 vad

63

fu/kkZfjr iqLrdsa&&
1&;qod Hkkjrh b;kk 12oha&&egkjk"V jkT; ek/;fed o mPp ek/;fed e.My] iq.ksA
2&ejkBh ys[ku] ys[kd&&izksQs0&&dsjaohdj rFkk [kkuoydj] <oys izdk'ku] eqEcbZA
3&ejkBh Hkk"kk iznhi] Lusgy rkojs] Lusgo/kZu] izdk'ku] iq.ksA

ey;kye
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u&i= 3 ?k.Vs dk gksxkA
1 ifBr i| ij vk/kkfjr
2 fucU/k tula[;k] i;kZoj.k] iznw"k.k ,oa VkfQd :Yl ij vk/kkfjr fucU/k Hkh iwaNs tk;saxAs
3 eqgkojs
4 O;kdj.k
5 i=&ys[ku
6 vaxzsth rFkk fgUnh ls ey;kye esa vuqokn
7 iz'ukskj
fu/kkZfjr iqLrd&
1&dkyfrUns dukZVh] ys[kd&izks0 eqUV'ksfjA

30
20
10
10
10
10
10

vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad
vad

ekuo foKku ,UFkzksiksyksth


ekufodh] oSKkfud oxZ ,oa O;kolkf;d oxZ gsrq
bl fo"k; dh fyf[kr ijh{kk esa nks iz'u&i= rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds gksaxAs izR;sd iz'u&i= 35 vadksa dk gksxkA blds vfrfjDr
30 vadksa dh ,d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksaxhA mkh.kZ gksus ds fy, ijh{kkFkhZ dks fyf[kr esa 23 vad] iz;ksxkRed esa 10 vad rFkk ;ksx
esa 33 vad U;wure izkIr djuk vko';d gksxkA
v/;;u dk mn~nsn's ;&&
1&lekt ds fodkl] muds vk/kkjHkwr dkjdksa] foLrkj rFkk fofo/krk dh tkudkjh izkIr djuk rFkk mlds Hkko:i ds ckjs esa
fu"d"kZ fudkyukA
2&izkd`frd i;kZoj.k rFkk ekuo ds e/; vUr%f;k dks Hkkjr rFkk fo'o ds lUnHkZ esa lkekftd fodkl ij iM+us okys
mlds izHkko dks le>uk] fo'ys"k.k dj fu"d"kZ fudkyus ds fy, l{ke cukukA
3&lekt dh lelkef;d leL;kvksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh djds fu.kZ; ysus dh ;ksX;rk izkIr djukA
4&ekuo fodkl vkSj mldh miyfC/k;k rFkk foQyrkvksa dks ltho ,oa izsj.kknk;d :i esa izLrqr dj lekt ds lektoknh
Lo:i dh LFkkiuk djukA
5&fo'o ds i;kZoj.kh; ?kVdksa] fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa lalk/kuksa rFkk mlds mi;ksx dh tkudkjh izkIr djuk rFkk Hkfo"; ds ckjs esa
fu"d"kZ fudkyukA
6&ekuo foKku uked fo"k; ds fodkl rFkk 19oha ,oa 20oha 'krkCnh esa gq;s fofHkUu v/;;uksa ls cuh ekuo foKku dh
:ijs[kk dk Kku fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks nsukA
7&ekuo foKku dh fo"k;&oLrq] foLrkj rFkk fofHkUu 'kk[kkvksa dk Kku ljy rFkk cks/kxE; Hkk"kk ds ek/;e ls fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks
izkIr djkukA
8&ekuo foKku ,d yksdfiz; rFkk mi;ksxh fo"k; gS tks fd ekuo thou ds 'kkjhfjd rFkk lkekftd lkaLd`frd nksuksa gh
i{kksa ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkyrk gSA ekuo thou dk dksbZ Hkh i{k blls vNwrk ugha gSA lHkh i{kksa ds rkjrE; dk ,dhd`r fp=
izLrqr djukA
9&ekuo ds lkekftd ,oa lkaLd`frd thou dh leL;kvksa dks le>kus rFkk lqy>kus dh {kerk dk l`tu djukA
10&lH;rk dh eq[; /kkjk ls nwj cls ljy tutkfr lektksa dh fof'k"Vrk] fofo/krk ,oa mudh vk/kqfud leL;kvksa dk
Kku nsuk ftlls mUgsa jk"Vh; thou dh eq[; /kkjk ls tksM+us ds lQy iz;kl fd;s tk ldsA

64

izFke iz'u&i=
lkekftd] lka
lkaLd`frd ekuo foKku

35 % vad
vad Hkkj

bdkbZ&1
bdkbZ&2
bdkbZ&3
bdkbZ&4
bdkbZ&5
lUnfHkZr

ekuo foKku dh mi;ksfxrk] fuEufyf[kr dh ekuo oSKkfud ifjHkk"kk;sa&&laLd`fr] lekt ,oa


leqnk;] lfefr] laLFkk] laLd`fr ,oa lH;rk] tkfr ,oa oxZ] lkaLd`frd&lkis{koknA
tknw] /keZ ,oa foKku dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa rqyukRed v/;;uA
/keZ dh mRifk ds fl)kUr] vkRekokn rFkk thfor lkkokn VksVeokn ,oa VscwA
tutkrh; vFkZO;oLFkk fo'ks"krk;sa ,oa muds izdkj fofu;e ,oa cktkjA
jkT; foghu lekt ,oa mudh fo'ks"krk;saA
iqLrdsa&&
1&Mh0 ,u0 etwenkj ,oa Vh0 ,u0 enku&&lkekftd ekuo 'kkL= % ,d ifjp;A
2&mek'kadj feJ&&lkekftd&lkaLd`frd ekuo 'kkL=A
mek'kadj feJ&&u`rRo fpUru iydk izdk'kuA
3&fot; 'kadj mik/;k; ,oa fot; izdk'k 'kekZ&&Hkkjr dh tutkrh; laLd`fr
e/; izns'k fgUnh xzUFk vdknehA
4&'kSfijks ,oa 'kSfijks&&ekuo laLd`fr ,oa lekt Man Culture and SocietyA
5&,Ecj ,oa ,Ecj&&ekuo foKku fgUnh vuqokn ;w0ch0lh0 lfoZlst] fnYyhA
6&xksiky'kj.k ,oa vkj0 ih0 JhokLro&&ekuo foKku ,oa lekt'kkL= baxfy'kA U;w jkW;y
cqd dEiuh] y[kuA
7&fot; 'kadj mik/;k; ,oa x;k ik.Ms;&&lkekftd lkaLd`frd ekuo 'kkL=] kmu ifCyds'kUl]
jkaphA
8&fot; 'kadj mik/;k; ,oa x;k ik.Ms;&&tutkrh; fodkl e/; izns'k fgUnh xzUFk vdknehA
9&fou; dqekj JhokLro&&lkekftd lkaLd`frd ekuo 'kkL=A
f}rh; iz'u&i=
'kkjhfjd ekuo foKku

bdkbZ&1
bdkbZ&2
bdkbZ&3
bdkbZ&4

10
06
08
06
05

35 % vad
vad Hkkj
4
6
5

'kkjhfjd ekuo foKku dk vFkZ] fo"k; {ks= ,oa vU; izd`fr foKkuksa ls lEcU/kA
tSfod] mn~fodkl ds fl)kUr] ySekdZokn] MkfoZuokn rFkk la'ys"k.kkRed fl)kUrA
izkf.k txr esa ekuo dk LFkku vkSj izkbesV x.k dh mf}dklh; fo'ks"krk;saA
thok'ehdj.k rFkk ekuo ds thok'e iwoZt&vkLVsyksfiFksdl] gkseksbjsDV~l] gkseksfu;aMjFky rFkk
gksekslsfi;Ul
bdkbZ&5 dksf'kdk lajpuk ,oa dksf'kdk foHkktuA
bdkbZ&6 esaMy ds vkuqoaf'kdh; fu;e&&izHkkfork] vizHkkfork ,oa i`FkDdj.k dk fu;eA vfyax lw=h; ,oa
fyax lw=h; vkuqoaf'kdrk] ,ohvks jDr lewg] o.kkZU/krk ,oa gheksQhfy;kA
bdkbZ&7 iztkfr vo/kkj.kk ,oa fo'ks"krk;sa] iztkrh; oxhZdj.k ds vk/kkj] fo'o dh rhu ize[q k ekuo
iztkfr;k mudh 'kkjhfjd fo'ks"krk;sa ,oa HkkSxksfyd forj.kA
ikB~; iqLrdsa&&
dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ,oa laLrqr ugha dh xbZ gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku@fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

6
4
5
5
ds vuq:i

65

lUnfHkZr iqLrdsa&&
1&ch0 vkj0 ds0 'kqDyk ,oa lq/kk jLrksxh&&ekuo mn~fodkl Hkkjr cqd ls.VjA
2&lq/kk jLrksxh ,oa ch0 vkj0 ds0 'kqDyk&&ekuo vkuqoaf'kdh ,oa iztkrh; fofo/krk Hkkjr cqd ls.VjA

bdkbZ&1
bdkbZ&2

bdkbZ&3
bdkbZ&4

3&ih0 nkl 'kekZ&&Human Evolution Engligh] jkaph&>kj[k.MA


4&vkuqokaf'kd ekuo foKku&mn; izrki flagA
5&;w0 ih0 flag&&tSfod ekuo foKku y[ku izdk'kuA
6&fjiqneu flag&&'kkjhfjd ekuo foKkuA
izk;ksfxd ekuo foKku
fdlh lkekftd fo"k; ij lk{kkRdkj vuqlwph bUVjO;w 'ksM;~ wy cukuk ,oa ikp O;fDr;ksa
dk lk{kkRdkj ysdj ml ij ,d laf{kIr izfrosnu fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
fdlh lkekftd fo"k; ij iz'ukoyh cukuk vkSj ikp O;fDr;ksa ls Hkjokdj laf{kIr
izfrosnu fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
ijh{kk esa bdkbZ 3 ;k 4 esa dksbZ ,d djuk gksxkA
izk;ksfxd fjdkMZ ySc cqd&&
bdkbZ 1 vkSj 2 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks fl[kk;s tk;sxa s rFkk ml ij vk/kkfjr ySc cqd gksxhA
ekSf[kd ijh{kk Viva-voce

iw.kkZad 30
10
10
5

5
dqy vad - - 30

funsZ'k&bdkbZ
1 esa of.kZr diky ,oa mikax vfLFk;ksa dks pkVZ ls ns[kdj js[kkafdr ,oa fpf=r djukA
k&
lUnHkZ iqLrdsa&&
1 lkekftd vuql/a kku ,oa los{Z k.k&&,l0 vkj0 cktisbZ
2 u`rRofparu&&mek'kadj feJ] vYdk izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyhA

ekuo foKku
vf/kdre vad % 30
U;wure mkh.kkZad % 10
ok; ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu vad&&15
1&diky ,oa mikax vfLFk;ksa dk js[kkafdr ,oa fpfUgr djuk&&
lgh fp=.k gsrq 3 vad rFkk ukekadu o igpku gsrq 3 vad
2&,UFkzksiksLdksih
3&ekSf[kdh&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu vad&&15
4&izkts sDV dk;Z&&

le; % 03 ?k.Vk
fu/kkZfjr vad
06 vad
04 vad
05 vad
5+5=10 vad

i fdlh lkekftd fo"k; ij lk{kkRdkj


ii fdlh lkekftd fo"k; ij iz'ukoyh rS;kj djuk&&
5&izk;ksfxd fjdkMZ cqd&&
05 vad
uksV %&&iz
%&& kstsDV dk;Z ,oa izk;ksfxd fjdkMZ cqd ifj"knh; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds le; fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk
izLrqr fd;k tk;sxkA
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;sxa ]s mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s tk;axs ]s
'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksxa As

66

lekt 'kkL=
'kkL=
blesa 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gksxa As le; rhu ?k.VsA
izFke iz'u&i=
bdkbZ&1

25 vad
HkkSxksfyd ,oa lkaLd`frd i;kZoj.k] budk lkekftd thou ij izHkko] izn"w k.k dh vo/kkj.kk ds dkj.k lkekftd izHkko rFkk
fujkdj.k ds mik;A vkink izcU/ku] lkekftd fu;a=.k&ifjokj] lewg] /keZ] uSfrdrk;sa] izFkk;sAa
bdkbZ&2
25 vad
lkekftd fo?kVu&vijk/k] 'osrolu vijk/k] cky vijk/k&budh vo/kkj.kk] dkj.k rFkk mipkjA efgyk mRihM+u&dkj.k]
jksdFkke rFkk mipkjA lkbZcj vijk/k&dkj.k] jksdFkke rFkk mipkjA lkekftd ifjorZu dh ladYiuk vkSj buds fofHkUu dkj.kA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
bdkbZ&1
20 vad
lkekftd fodkl esa efgyk m|ferk dh HkwfedkA iapk;rksa dk xzkeh.k lekt esa egRoA lgdkfjrk dk rkRi;Z] lgdkjh lfefr;ksa
dk mYys[k rFkk xzkeh.k lekt esa mudk egRoA eujsxk dk lkekftd egRoA
bdkbZ&2
30 vad
vkS|ksfxd vkSj uxjhdj.k esa i;kZoj.k dk Hkkjrh; lkekftd thou ij izHkkoA fu/kZurk vkSj csdkjhdj.k vkSj buds
mipkjA Hkkjr esa lekt dY;k.k] lkekftd okfudh&mn~ns';] dk;Z{ks= vkSj lkekftd egRoA vuqlwfpr tkfr;ka vkSj tutkfr;kas dh
orZeku leL;k;sa] jk"Vh; thou esa bu oxksaZ dk ;ksxnku ,oa budh izxfr ds fy, lq>koA
laxhr xk;u vFkok laxhr oknu
rhu&rhu ?k.Vkssa ds nks fyf[kr iz'u&i= gksxa s] ftuesa ls izR;sd 25 iw.kkZad dk gksxkA 50 iw.kkZad dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA
izR;sd&iz'u i= esa vyx&vyx fyf[kr iz'u&i= vkSj vyx&vyx iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk;sa gksxa hA mkh.kZ gksus ds fy, fo|kFkhZ dks fyf[kr ds
nksuksa iz'u&i= esa 17] iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 16 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 vad ikuk vko';d gksxkA
laxhr xk;u
izFke iz'u&i= laxhr foKku
iw.kkZad % 25
bdkbZ&1&Jq
1& fr;ka oh.kk ds 36 rkj ij 'kq) Lojksa dk LFkku
bdkbZ&2&iw
2& oZ jkx] mkj jkx] lfU/k izdk'k jkx] vkJ; jkx] ijesy] izo's kd jkxA mkj vkSj nf{k.k Hkkjr ds FkkVksa dk oxhZdj.k vkSj
mlls jkxksa dh mRifkA
bdkbZ&3&va
3& 'k] U;kl] vYiRo] cgqRo] rku ,oa rku ds izdkjA
bdkbZ&4&Hkkjr
dh fgUnqLrkuh vksj dukZVd i)fr;ksa ds Lojksa ,oa JqfV;ksa dk rqyukRed v/;;uA
4&
bdkbZ&5&iw
5& oZ rkuiqjs ds fofHkUu vaxksa dk Kku] mldk feykuk] mlds vf/kLoj vkfnA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
iw.kkZad % 25
laxhr dk bfrgkl vkSj jkxksa dk v/;;u
bdkbZ&1&xhrks
1& a dh 'kSfy;ka vkSj izdkj&&/kqin] /kekj] [;ky foyfEcr vkSj nzrq ] VIik] Bqejh] rjkukA
bdkbZ&2&iz
2& ;ksxkred ijh{kk ds fy, izLrkfor ikB~;e esa jkxksa dh fo'ks"krk;sAa
bdkbZ&3&Loj
3& foLrkj ds ek/;e ls jkxksa dk fodkl vkSj HksnA dfBu vyadkjksa dh jpukA
bdkbZ&4&ikB~
4& ;e esa izLrkfor rkyksa ds cksyksa dk nqxuq ] frxqu] pkSxuq dk Kku rhu rky] ,d rky] pkj rky] /kekjA
bdkbZ&5&xhrks
5& a ds vkyki] rku] cksyrku lfgr fyfic) djus dh {kerkA
bdkbZ&6&Nks
6& Vs Loj leqnk;ksa ds vk/kkj ij jkxksa dks igpkuuk vkSj mudh c<+r dh ;ksX;rkA
bdkbZ
bdkbZ&7&la
7& xhr lEcU/kh fo"k; ij fucU/kA
bdkbZ&8&Hkkjrh;
laxhr lkfgR; dk laf{kIr bfrgklA e/;dky ,oa vk/kqfud dkyA
8&
bdkbZ&9&Hkkjr[k.Ms
] fo".kqfnxEcj] xksikyuk;d] ia0 tljkt dh thofu;ka vkSj Hkkjrh; laxhr esa ;ksxnkuA
9&

67

iz;ksxkRed xk;u
1 fuEufyf[kr jkxksa dk foLr`r vH;klo`Unkouh lkjaxA
izR;sd esa de ls de ,d nzqr [;ky rS;kj gksuk pkfg,A mfpr vyki rku] eqdhZ ,oa vU; y;iw.kZ rkyc) foLrkj.k
ds lkFk mudks xkus dh ;ksX;rk fo|kFkhZ esa visf{kr gSA
dfBu rkyc) :iksa vkSj fujFkZd osx ij gh dsoy ugha] oju~ lgh /ofu] mPpkopu] Li"Vrk vkSj xfjekiw.kZ
vfHkO;fDr ,oa y; ds LokHkkfod izokg ij cy gksuk pkfg;sA
mDr jkxksa ds xhrksa esa de ls de ,d /kekj] ,o foyfEcr [;ky o rjkuk gksxkA /kekj esa nqxqu] frxqu vkSj pkSxqu
y;dkjh gksus dh {kerk gksuh pkfg,A
2 xkSM+&lkjax iwohZ gehj] jkxksa dk lkekU; :i esa vH;klA mDr esa vyki rku dh vko';drk ugha gSA dsoy
LFkk;h vkSj vUrjk i;kZIr gSA izR;sd jkxksa esa vkjksg] vojksg vkSj idM+ xkus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh pkfg;s /kheh xfr esa vyki
djus ij mUgsa igpkuus dh {kerk fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa gksuh pkfg;sA
3 fuEufyf[kr rkyksa esa de ls de ,d xhr lh[kuk pkfg;sA
rhu rky] >i rky] ,d rky] vkSj /kekjA
ikB~;e esa izLrkfor lc rkyksa ds Bsds rky ds lkFk dgus ,oa fy[kus dh ;ksX;rk fo|kFkhZ esa gksuh pkfg;sA
4 ikB~;e esa izLrkfor foLr`r v/;;u ds jkxksa esa NksVs Loj leqnk; dh tc vkdkj esa xk;k rc Loj igpkuus
dh ;ksX;rk gksuh pkfg,A fo|kFkhZ esa ikB~;e ds lHkh rkyksa dk Bsdk rcys ij ctkus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh pkfg;sA
fo'ks"k lwpukv/;kidks
a dks okg~; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds fopkjkFkZ izR;sd fo|kFkhZ ds dk;ks dh ,d vk[;k cukuh
uk
pkfg;sA

laxhr oknu
izFke iz'u&i= laxhr foKku
iw.kkd25
laxhr xk;u esa izLrkfor ikB~;e ds vykok fuEufyf[kr vkSj jgsxk %
vf/kLoj] ok|ksa esa iwjd rkyksa rjo dk iz;ksx] fpdkjh] [kjt] rksM+k] frgkbZ] tetek] is'kdkjk] VqdM+k eq[kM+k] iju]
frgkbZ y; ds izdkjA likV] dwV] vyadkfjd] xed] lwr] ?kqlhV dk foLr`r v/;;uA iju jkr] frgkbZ] frgkM ds izdkj
dk;nk] iyVk] y; vkSj mlds izdkj] y;dkjh vkSj mlds fofHk izdkjksa dh ifjHkk"kk rFkk vadksa esa fy[kus dh ;ksX;rkA
Hkkjrh; ok|ksa esa tSl&s rcyk] i[kkot] flrkj] ok;fyu] fxVkj] ckalqjh] oh.kk] ljksn] lkajxh] bljkt vFkok fny:ck
ok|ksa ds Kku ds lkFk tks fo'ks"k ok| fy;k gSA mlds fofHkUu vaxksa ,oa feyku dk fo'ks"k KkuA
f}rh; iz'u&i= laxhr dk bfrgkl vkSj 'kSfy;ksa dk v/;;u
iw.kkd25
1 ok| ikB~;e gsrq izLrkfor jkx dsnkj] o`Unkouh] lkajx] tkSuiqjh dh fo'ks"krk;sa] Loj foLrkj ds ek/;e ls
jkxksa dk foLrkj ,oa HksnA
vFkok
ikB~;e ds rkyksa vkM+k pkjrky] rhurky] /kekj ds fofHkUu y;ksa ds lkFk xt>aik] lokjh ;rrky y;kRed izdkj]
dfBu vyadkjksa dh jpukA fofHkUu y;dkfj;ksa dks rkyfyfi esa fy[kus dh {kerkA tSlsdk;nk] iju] VqdM+k frgkbZ] is'kdkjk]
fyfic) djus dh {kerkA
vFkok
ikB~;eksa esa fu/kkZfjr jkxksa esa xrksa dh Lojfyfi c) djus dh {kerk ,oa lk/kkj.k rksM+sa ,oa >kys ds lkFk fy[kus dh
;ksX;rkA
3 foyfEcr vkSj nzqr y; rFkk y; dk KkuA
vFkok
cktksa ds izdkj cukjl] Q:Z[kkckn

68

4 lkekU; laxhr lEcU/kh fo"k;ksa ij laf{kIr fucU/kA


5 Hkkjrh; laxhr dk laf{kIr bfrgkl e/;dky ,oa vk/kqfud Hkkjrh; laxhrKksa dh thouh ,oa muds ;ksxnku&fo".kq
fnxEcj] xksiky uk;d] ia0 lkerk izlkn] ia0 jfo'kadj ,oa iUuk yky ?kks"kA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk oknu
fo|kFkhZ fuEufy[kr ok|ksa esa ls dksbZ Hkh ,d ys ldrk gS %
1 rcyk] 2 i[kkot] 3 oh.kk] 4 flrkj] 5 ljksn] 6 lkjaxh] 7 bljkt vFkok fny:ck]
8 ok;yu] 9 ckalqjh] 10 fxVkj fxVkj dk ikB~;e flrkj dh Hkkafr gksxkA
izFke nks ok|ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ;kstuk vU; ok|ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ;kstuk ls fHk gksxhA
rcyk ;k i[kkot dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
1fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks i;kZIr cksy Bsdk is'kdkj] iju] VqdM+s] frgkb;ka vkfn tkuuk pkfg;sA rky dk ikap feuV dk
vkd"kZd izn'kZu nsus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh pkfg;sA bl izdkj ds izn'kZu esa fdlh Hkh cksy dh iqujko`fk u gks oju~ ogh cksy fofHk
y;ksa vkSj nwljs izdkj ds rkyksa ls fuLrkj.k ds :i esa ;fn tku iM+s rks ctk;k tk ldrk gSA ,d Bsds ds cksy fu'p; gh nks
fed VqdM+ksa vkfn ds chp nksgjk;s tk ldrs gSaA ,dkadh lksyksa izn'kZu ds fy;s fuEufyf[kr rkysa ikB~;e esa gS
rhurky] /kekj] vkM+k pkSrky] nhipUnh] xt>ik] lokjh vkSj errkyA
2fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh ljy /kzqojksa ds lkFk] nhipUnh] >irky] ,drky] pkSrky vkSj /kekj ls laxr djus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh
pkfg;sA
3tks ok| fo|kFkhZ ys mUgsa feykus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh pkfg;sA
4fofHk y;dkjh tSls fd nks ek=kvksa dks rhu esa] rhu ek=kvksa dks pkj ek=kvksa esaA
Bqejh 'kSyh dh laxr vius ok| rcyk ij fofHk izdkj dh yM+h vkSj yXxh ds lkFk djus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh
pkfg;sA
flrkj vkfn y; okys ok|ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
fuEufyf[kr 3 jkxksa esa ls izR;sd esa ,d xr elhr[kkuh vkSj ,d jtk[kkuh ftldk foLrkj lfgr vH;kl gksxk %
o`Unkouh lkjax] dsnkj] tkSuiqjhA
xfjek ds lkFk ctkus dh ;ksX;rkA
2 dkeksn] gEehj] cgkj jkxksa esa dsoy ,d xr fcuk fdlh fo'ks"k foLrkj ds ctkukA
fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks buesa ls izR;sd jkx dk vkjksg&vojksg vkSj idM+ ctkus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh pkfg;s vkSj tc mUgsa Fkhes
vfHkO;fDr vykiksa }kjk izLrqr fd;k tk; rc igpkuus dh ;ksX;rk gksuh pkfg;sA
3 mijksDr xrsa rhu rky esa gks ldrh gSA
>irky] ,drky] pkSrky] /kekj vkSj f=rky dk KkuA
laxhr xk;u@oknu
vf/kdre vad50
50
U;wure mkh.kkd vad16
16 vad
le; 06
06 ?k.Vs
,d le; esa ijh{kk ds fy;s ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh la[;k ij izfrcU/k vko';d gSA b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk laxhr oknu ijh{kk
,d fnu esas e'k% 20&25 ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ls vf/kd u gksA izR;sd [k.M dk fooj.k rFkk fu/kkZfjr vad %
1rcyk
rcyk vkSj i[kkot ysus okyksa ds fy;s
d okg~
okg;~ ewY;kadu25
u 25 vad
1ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk pqus x;s vius rky dk izn'kZuA
2ikB~;e esa fufgr lk/kkj.k v/;;u dh rkysA
3ikB~;e esa izLrkfor foLr`r v/;;u dh rkysA
4rkyksa dk dguk vkSj mudk ctkukA
5ijh{kd }kjk xk;h x;h vFkok ctk;h x;h /kquksa ds lkFk laxr djus dh ;ksX;rkA
6ok| feykus dh ;ksX;rkA

08
03
05
03
03
03

69

[k vkUrfjd ewY;kadu25
u 25 vad
1fjdkWMZA

05

2izkstsDVA

10

3l=h; dk;ZA

10

uksV %la
% xhr xk;u ds lkFk gkjeksfu;e dh laxr dh vuqefr ugha gSA
2rcyk
rcyk o i[kkot ds vykok vU;
vU; oknu laxhr ra=ok| ysus okyksa ds fy;s
1fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk pqus x;s vius #fp ds lkFk xhr vFkok laxhr dk izn'kZuA

08

2foLr`r v/;;u ds jkxksa ds ij iwNs x;s vykiA

03

3ikB~;e esa izLrqr foLr`r v/;;u dh rkyA

05

4ikB~;e esa fufgr lk/kkj.k v/;;u dh rkyA

03

5jkx vkSj Loj lewg dks igpkuus dh {kerkA

03

6ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh vkokt vkSj mldk lkekU; izHkkoA


03
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
1 O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds fy, fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;sax]s mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA
2 v/;kid dks izR;sd fo|kFkhZ ds dk;Z dk okg~; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kdksa ds fopkjkFkZ j[kus ds fy;s vfHkys[k j[kuk
gksxkA
laLd`r
iw.kkZad&50
vad foHkktu
lkekU; funsZ'k&la
k& Ld`r fo"k; esa 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gksxa sA iz'u&i= ds izR;sd [k.M esa fu/kkZfjr vadksa ds vUrxZr nh?kZ
mkjh;] y?kq mkjh;] vfr y?kq ,oa cgqfodYih; iz'uksa dk lekos'k dj dbZ iz'u iwNs tk ldrs gSaA iz'u&i= esa iz'uksa ds fy;s
fu/kkZfjr vad gh mkjksa ds vkdkjksa dh laf{kIrrk ;k nh?kZrk dk |ksrd gksxk] izR;sd iz'u&i= ds vUrxZr lekfo"V ikB~;e dk
vad foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk %
izFke iz'u&i= x|] i|] ukVd
d x|
17 vad
1O;k[;k
O;k[;k
O;k[;k
d fdlh x|ka'k dk lUnHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa vuqoknA
[k ikBxr x|ka'k dks lwfDrijd HkkokRed okD; dh lUnHkZ lfgr fgUnh O;k[;kA

5 vad
3 vad

2rF;
rF; ,oa pkfjf=d oSf'k"V~;
d ikBxr x|ka'k ij vk/kkfjr laLd`r esa visf{kr y?kqmkjh; iz'uA
[k dFkkRed ik=ksa dk pfj=&fp=.k fgUnh ek/;eA

2 vad
3 vad

3jpukdkj
jpukdkj dk thou ifjp; ,oa x| 'kSyh fgUnh vFkok laLd`r esaA
[k i|

4 vad
17 vad

1vFkZ
vFkZ ,oa Hkko fgUnh esa
d fdlh i| dh lUnHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa O;k[;kA
[k i|xr HkkokRed iafDr vFkok lwfDr dh lUnHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa O;k[;kA

4 vad
3 vad

70

2vFkZ
vFkZ ,oa Hkko laLd`r esa
d fdlh i| dh lUnHkZ lfgr laLd`r esa O;k[;kA
[k i|xr rF;ksa ,oa Hkkoksa ij vk/kkfjr laLd`r esa visf{kr y?kq mkjh; iz'uA
3dfo
dfo ifjp;
ifjp; ,oa dkO; 'kSyh fgUnh ;k laLd`r esa A
x ukVd

5 vad
2 vad
3 vad
16 vad

1O;k[;k
O;k[;k
O;k[;k
d ikBxr ukVd ds fdlh x|ka'k vFkok i| dh lUnHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa O;k[;kA
[k ikBxr ukVd ds va'kksa ls egRoiw.kZ ;k lwfDrijd iafDr dh lUnHkZ lfgr fgUnh esa O;k[;kA

5 vad
3 vad

2rF;
rF; ,oa pkfjf=d oSf'k"V~;
d ukV~;ka'k ds rF;ksa ij vk/kkfjr iz'uksa dk laLd`r esa visf{kr y?kq mkjh; iz'uA
[k ik=ksa dk pfj=&fp=.k fgUnh esaA

2 vad
3 vad

3ukVddkj
ukVddkj dk thou ifjp;
ifjp; ,oa 'kSyh fgUnh vFkok laLd`r esa A
f}rh; iz'u&i=
laLd`r lkfgR;]
lkfgR;] vuqokn] fucU/k] vyadkj rFkk O;kdj.k
d laLd`r lkfgR;
1ukV~;xr rF;ijd iz'ukskj laLd`r esaA

3 vad
50 vad

5 vad

2ifBr ukVd dk lkjka'k] pfj=&fp=.k fgUnh ;k laLd`r esaA


5 vad
[k vuq
vuqokn
,sls fgUnh okD;ksa dk laLd`r esa vuqokn tgka miin foHkfDr;ksa dk iz;ksx gksA
8 vad
x fucU/k
fofHkUu fo"k;ksa ij laLd`r esa fucU/k 15 iafDr;kaA
8 vad
?k vyadkj
fuEufyf[kr vyadkjksa dh lkekU; ifjHkk"kk fgUnh vFkok laLd`r esa rFkk mnkgj.k laLd`r esa % miek rFkk
:idA
3 vad
O;kdj.k
1&dkjd rFkk foHkfDr
4 vad
2&lekl
4 vad
3&laf/k vFkok lfU/k foPNsn] ukeksYys[k] fu;e vkfnA
3 vad
4&'kCn:i
3 vad
5&/kkrq:i
3 vad
6&izR;;
2 vd
7&okP; ifjorZu
2 vad
fu/kkZfjr iqLrds
rdsa
izFke iz'u&i= x|] i|] ukVd
d x|&egkdfock.kHkV~Viz.khre~&dknEcjhlkjroHkwrk ^^pUnzkihMdFkk** dk mkjk)ZHkkx&
lk rq leqRFkk; egk'osrka&&txzUFk ck.kHkV~VL; okD;Sjso dFkkfeeke~AA bfrAA

71

[k i|&egkdfodkfynkliz.khre~&j?kqoa'kfuL;UnHkwre~ ^^dkfynkldkO;ke`re~** ls fuEufyf[kr ikB&


1&j?kksjkSnk;ZeA~
2&vto.kZue~A
3&jkekorj.ke~A
4&jkeouxeue~A
x ukVd&egkdfodkfynkliz.khre~&vfHkKku'kkdqUrye~ prqFkZ vad vkdk'ks jE;krj% defyuhgfjrS% -------------bR;kfn i| ls vad dh lekfIr rdA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
1 nwrokD;e~&
Hkkl
laLd`r lkfgR;] vuqokn] fucU/k] vyadkj rFkk O;kdj.k
d laLd`r lkfgR;&
egkdfoHkkliz.khre~&^^nwrokD;e~** ukVd
oklqnso&vkRexr izlk|eku&i:"kk{kjS&i| 31 ls lekfIr rdA
[k vuqokn&,sls fgUnh okD;ksa dk laLd`r esa vuqokn] tgka miin foHkfDr;ksa dk iz;ksx gksA
x fucU/k&fofHkUu fo"k;ksa esa laLd`r esa fucU/k 15 iafDr;kaA
?k vyadkj&fuEufyf[kr vyadkjksa dh lkekU; ifjHkk"kk fgUnh vFkok laLd`r esa rFkk mnkgj.k laLd`r esa&
miek rFkk :idA
p O;kdj.k&
1&dkjd
dkjd rFkk foHkfDr &fuEufyf[kr
lw=ksa rFkk okfrZdksa ds vk/kkj ij dkjdksa rFkk foHkfDr;ksa dk Kku %
&
1&deZ.kk ;efHkizfS r l lEiznkue~A
2&prqFkhZ lEiznkusA
3&#P;kFkkZuka izh;ek.k%A
4&q/knzqgs";kZlw;kFkkZuka ;a izfr dksi%A
5&Li`gsjhfIlr%A
6&ue% LofLrLokgkLo/kkyao"kM~;ksxPpA
7&/kzqoekik;sinkue~A
8&viknkus i\pehA
9&tqxIq lkfojkeizeknkFkkZukeqila[;kue~A ok0
10&Hkh=kFkkZuka Hk;gsrq%A
11&vk[;krksi;ksxsA
12&"k"Bh 'ks"ksA
13&"k"Bh gsrqiz;ksxsA
14&"k"Bh p orZekusA
15&"k"Bh pkuknjsA
16&vk/kkjksf/kdj.ke~A
17&lIrE;f/kdj.ks pA
18&lk/olk/kqi;ksxs pA ok0
19&;r'p fu/kkZj.ke~A
2&lekl%&
lekl%&fuEuka
lekl%& fdr leklksa dk Kku] ifjHkk"kk rFkk laLd`r esa foxzglfgr mnkgj.k %
1&}U}%]
2&vO;;hHkko]
3&f}xq
3&lfU/k&lfU/k foPNsn] ukeksYys[k rFkk fu;e KkuA

72

fuEufyf[kr lw=ksa ds vuqlkj lfU/k;ksa dk mnkgj.k lfgr Kku&


d O;\tu
O; tu lfU/k ;k gy lfU/k&1
lfU/k& Lrks%'pquk'pq%] 2 "Vquk"Vq%] 3 >yka t'kks%Urs] 4 [kfj p]
5 eksu%
q Lokj%] 6 >yka t'k~ >f'k] 7 rksfyZ% 8 vuqLokjL; ;f; ijlo.kZ%A
[k
foltZuh;L; l%] 2 lltq"kks#%] 3 vrksjkjIyqrknIyqrs] 4 gf'kp]
[k folxZ lfU/k1
lfU/k
5 [kjolku;ksfoZltZuh;%] 6 ok'kfj] 7 jksfj] 8 <yksisiow ZL; nh?kksZ.k%A
4'kCn
'kCn :i
:i
v uiq
uiqldfya
dfyaxx`g] okfj] nf/k] e/kq] txr~] ukeu~] eul~] czge~ u] /kuq"kA
vk loZukeloZ
ke ] rn~] ;n~] fde~] ;q"en~] vLen~] bne~] ,rr~] vnl~] Hkor~A
b 11 ls 100 rd la[;kokpd 'kCn rFkk dfr ds :iA
5/kkrq
/kkrq :ifuEufyf[kr
/kkrqvksa ds yV~] y~] yksV]~ fof/kfy~ ,oa y`V~ ydkj esa :iA
:i
v vkReusin~yHk~] o`/k~] Hkk"k~] 'kh] fon~] lsoA
vk mHk;inuh]
;kp~] nk] xzg] Kk] pqj~] fJ] h] /kkA
mHk;in
6izizR;;Y;q
;; V]~ .eqy~] vuh;j~] Vki~] h"k~A
7okP;
okP; ifjorZuokD;ksa esa dr`okP;] deZokP;] ,oa HkkookP; inksa dk okP; ifjorZuA

flU/kh
bl fo"k; esa 100 vadksa dk dsoy ,d iz'u-i= rhu ?kaVs dk gksxkA
x|] ukVd] fuca/k
flU/kh lkfgfR;d jRukoyh
flU/kh ulqd [k.M ds ikB 11 ls 20
1x|ka'k vFkok lwfDr ijd okD; dk lanHkZ] izlax] O;k[;k] lkfgfR;d lkSan;Z ,oa lh[kA 1$1$5$1$1

10

2ys[kdksa dh thouh] lkfgfR;d ifjp;] Hkk"kk 'kSyh rFkk d`fr;ksa dh leh{kkA

10

2$2$2$2$2

3ikBksa dk lkjka'k 'kCn lhek 75&100A

05

4rdZ laxr y?kq mkjh; 'kCn lhek 40&50 ,d iz'uA

03

5vfr y?kq mkjh; 'kCn lhek 1&5 nks iz'uA

02

6ukVd % iqdk:] ys[kd MkW0 izse izdk'k&lhu la0 11 ls 22


blesa fuEufyf[kr rF;ksa ij vk/kkfjr iz'u 'kCn lhek 75&100
d ukVd ds rRo ,oa mudh fo'ks"krk;saA
[k lkjka'k@fofo/k ?kVuk;saA
x pfj=&fp=.k ;k ik=ksa dh fo'ks"krk;saA

10

7fuca/k %
fuEufyf[kr fo"k;ksa esa ls 225&250 'kCnksa rd ,d fuca/k
d fla/kh Hkk"kkA
[k fla/kh ioZA
x fla/kh egkiq#"kA
fla/kh lkfgR;dkjA
p fla/kh lkekftd leL;k;saA

10

73

i|] vuqokn] miU;kl


flU/kh lkfgfR;d jRukoyh
flU/kh uT+e [k.M ds ikB 11 ls 23
1i|ka'k vFkok lwfDr ijd okD; dk lanHkZ] O;k[;k ,oa dkO;xr lkSan;ZA

2$5$3

10

2dfo;ksa dh thouh lkfgfR;d ifjp;] Hkk"kk] 'kSyh rFkk d`fr;ksa dh leh{kkA

2$2$2$2$2

10

3dforkvksa ij vk/kkfjr 1 iz'u 'kCn lhek 50&60A

05

4dforkvksa ij vk/kkfjr 3 iz'u 'kCn lhek 1&5A

05

5vuqokn %
d fgUnh ls fla/kh esa ikp okD;A
[k fla/kh ls fgUnh esa ikp okD;A

05
05

6miU;kl % v>ks] ys[kdgjh eksVokuhA


fuEufyf[kr rF;ksa ij vk/kkfjr iz'u
d miU;kl ds rRo ,oa mudh fo'ks"krk;saA
[k pfj=&fp=.kA
x rF; ,oa ?kVuk;saA
?k Hkk"kkA
miU;kl dyk dh n`f"V ls leh{kkA
p lkjka'kA
iqLrd %
%
flU/kh lkfgfR;d jRukoyh flU/kh ulq:&,s&uT+e ek/;fed f'k{kk cksMZ] jktLFkku esa flU/kh ,sfPNdA
d{kk11 ds fy;s fu/kkZfjr gSA ladyu lEiknuvkrw Vfgfy;k.khA
ukVd
ukVd %
%
iqdk:ays[kdMkW0 izse izdk'k] mi;qZDr iqLrd esa miyC/k gSA
miU;kl %
%
v>ks ys[kdgjh eksVokuh] ek/;fed f'k{kk cksMZ jktLFkku esa d{kk 12 ds fy;s ikB~;&iqLrd fu/kkZfjr gSA

lSU; foKku
ikB~;e dk ms';
;
lHkh lkekftd foKkuksa esa lSU; foKku ,d tfVy ,oa egRoiw.kZ foKku gSA bldk vFkZ dsoy l'kDr lsuk laxBu]
izfr"Bku] 'kkL= vFkok lSfud ls gh ugha vfirq mldh tM+sa jk"V dks jktuSfrd] vkfFkZd] lkekftd ,oa lkaLd`frd {ks=ksa esa
O;kid :i ls QSyh gSA bldk {ks= O;kid ,oa lHkh izdkj ds Kku ls lEcfU/kr gSA
bldk ,dkadh v/;;u ugha gks ldrkA jk"V dh 'kfDr] xfjek vkSj xkSjo jk"Vh; eap ij dSls mHkj ldrh gS rFkk
fo'o 'kkfUr vkSj lg vfLrRo LFkkfir djus esa Hkkjr izeq[k Hkwfedk fuHkk ldrk gSA ;gh bl fo"k; ds iBu&ikBu dk eq[;
ms'; gSA ;g fo"k; lSU; f'k{kk vFkok izf'k{k.k ls fHk gSA
lSU; foKku fo"k; ds nks fyf[kr iz'u&i= gksxa sA izR;sd ds vf/kdre vad 35 gksxa s rFkk le; 3 ?k.Vs gksxkA 30
vadksa dh ,d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gksxhA fyf[kr esa mkh.kkd 70 esa ls 23 vad gksaxs rFkk iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds fy;s 30 vad esa
ls 10 vad gksaxsA dqy esa mkh.kkd 33 vad gksaxsA fyf[kr rFkk iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa vyx&vyx mkh.kZ gksuk vko';d gSA

10

74

izFke iz'u&i= vad 35


lSU; f'k{kk ,oa laxBu
bdkbZ&1jk"V
1 jk"Vh; lqj{kk %
v vFkZ] {ks= ,oa rRo izkFkfed foKkuA
c lhekvksa ls yxus okys jk"V rFkk muds jktuSfrd rFkk lSU; lEcU/kA
l jk"Vh; lqj{kk uhfr fu/kkZj.k izf;k dk laf{kIr ifjp;A

10 vad

bdkbZ&2f}rh;
2 f}rh; j{kkRed iafDr %
v vko';drkA
c fuEu laxBuksa dk lkekU; Kku
d vkehZ fjtoZA
[k izknsf'kd lsuk Vh0,0A
x ,u0lh0lh0A
bdkbZ&33ukxfjd
ukxfjd lqj{kk %
v vko';drkA
c laxBuA
l dk;ZA

10 vad

bdkbZ&8lS
8 lSU; foKkueuks
foKku euksfoKku %
v usr`RoA
c eukscyA
l vuq'kkluA

07 vad

08 vad

f}rh; iz'u&i= vad 35


lSU; O;oLFkk
bdkbZ&1&ejkBk
;qx dh lSU; O;oLFkk
1&
f'kokth ds lUnHkZ esaA
bdkbZ&2&flD[k lSU; i)fr
egkjk.kk j.kthr flag ds lUnHkZ esaA

08 vad

bdkbZ&3&Hkkjr
esa vaxzsth O;oLFkk
3&
Iyklh dh yM+kbZ ds lUnHkZ esa] izFke Lora=rk laxzke] 1857 laxzke ds vkfFkZd] jktuSfrd] /kkfeZd dkj.kksa rFkk
Lora=rk laxzke esa fu"d"kks ds vk/kkj ij iquxZBuA

09 vad

08 vad

10 vad

bdkbZ&4;q
4 ;q) ds fl)kUrA
1 Hkkjr&phu ;q)] 1962A
2 Hkkjr&ikd ;q)] 1965A
3 Hkkjr&ikd ;q)] 1971A
4 dkjfxy ;q)] 1998A
iz;ksxkRed
1 ekufp= iBu
iBu
1 ekidifjHkk"kk] lk/kkj.kekid dh lajpukA
2 tkyh; funsZ'kkad fxzM fjQjsUlpkj rFkk N% vad dkA

30

75

2 fizTeSfVd fnd~lwpd] lfoZl izksVsDVj


Vj
1 fizTeSfVd fnd~lpw d dk ifjp;] mi;ksxA
2 fnd~eku Kkr djukA
3 jkf'k esa pyus ds fy;s fnd~lwpd lsV djuk rFkk pykukA
4 lfoZl izksVsDVj dk ifjp; rFkk iz;ksxA
5 iz;ksxkRed dk;Z dh vH;kl iqfLrdkA
3&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kkvksa esa vadksa dk fooj.k fuEufyf[kr gksxk
1 ekufp= iBuA
2 fizTeSfVd fnd~lpw dA
3 izk;ksfxd vH;kl&iqfLrdkA

20
05
05

iqLrdsa
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

lSU; foKku
vf/kdre vad30
30
10 vad
le; 04
04 ?k.Vs
U;wure mkh.kkd vad10
uksV %%,d Vksyh esa ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh la[;k 20 ls vf/kd u gksA ,d fnu esa nks Vksyh ls vf/kd dh ijh{kk u gksA
okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu15
u 15 vad
fu/kkZfjr vad
1ekufp= ifjp;ifjHkk"kk] izdkj] gkf'k;s ij nh x;h lwpukvksa dks okLrfod ekufp= ij i<+uk rFkk gkf'k;s
dh lwpukvksa ds izdkj
2ekufp= funsZ'kkadpkj vadh; ,oa N% vadh; funsZ'kkadA

02
02

3ekid dh ifjHkk"kk] ekid ds izdkjA

02

4ljy ekid dh jpukA

02

5fnd~lwpduke] fofHk iqtks ds izdkj rFkk iz;ksx fof/kA


6ekufp= fn'kkuqdwy djukA

02
02

7ekSf[kd ijh{kkA

03

vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu15


u 15 vad
1lkadsfrd fpUgpkj lkadsfrd fpUgksa dks cukuk ftlesa ,d lSfud lkadsfrd fpUg vfuok;Z gSA

02

2mkj fn'kkvksa ls lEcfU/kr iz'uA

02

3ekufp= ij fxzM fnd~eku ukiukA


4fnd~ekuksa ds vUrZifjorZuA

03
03

5mkjkUrjksa ,oa fof'k"V fnd~lwpd =qfV Kkr djukA

02

6vH;kl iqfLrdkA

03

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk


O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

76

f'k{kk'kkL=
50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gksax]s ftuesa ls izR;sd dh vof/k 3 ?k.Vs gksxhA
izFke iz'u&i= vad 50
vk/kqfud 'kS
'kSf{d fopkj/kkjk dk fodkl
fodkl
bdkbZ&1'kS
1 f{kd fopkj/kkjk dk fodkld izkphu] e/;dkyhu ,oa vokZphu le; esa f'k{kk dk laf{kIr
iqufuZjh{k.kA

20 vad

[k Hkkjrh; f'k{kdiafMr enu eksgu ekyoh;] ,uhcslsUV] egkRek xka/kh vkSj johUnz ukFk VSxksjA
bdkbZ&2d
i;kZoj.k f'k{kk vo/kkj.kk Lo:i] vko';drk] egRo] iznw"k.k dh leL;k;sa ,oa mudk
2
fujkdj.kA
[k i;kZoj.k dks izHkkfor djus okyh izkdfrd vkink;sa ;Fkk vkx] lw[kk] ck<+] HkwdEi] leqnzh
ygjsa vkfn dh ewyHkwr tkudkfj;ka] muds izHkko rFkk cpko ds mik;A

15 vad

bdkbZ&3f'k{kk
dh leL;k;saf'k{kk dk izlkj] 'kSf{kd Lrj] ckfydkvksa dh f'k{kk ,oa lkekftd f'k{kk]
3
tula[;kA
15 vad
f}rh; iz'u&i=
50 vad
f'k{kk euksfoKku
bdkbZ&1lh[kukd
vFkZ] lh[kus dh izf;k] iz;kl ,oa =qfV] lw>]~ lEcU/k] izR;korZu ds fl)kUr] lh[kus ds fy;s
1
fu;e] [k izsj.kk] vFkZ ,oa lh[kus esa budk LFkku] x :fp] ?k iqjLdkj ,oa n.MA
20 vad
bdkbZ&2ekufld
LokLF; ,oa ekufld LokLF; foKkuekufld LokLF; foKku ,oa ekufld LokLF; ds O;kolkf;d
2
funsZ'kumuds vFkZ ,oa egRoA
15 vad
bdkbZ&3ijh{k.k
,oa funsZ'kud o`f) dk lkekU; Kku] vFkZ] Lo:i ,oa oxhZdj.k ,oa ijh{k.kA
3
[k miyfC/k ijh{k.k ,oa izdkj O;fDrRo&vFkZ] izdkj rFkk O;fDrRo ijh{k.kA
x 'kSf{kd ,oa O;kolkf;d funsZ'ku&muds vFkZ ,oa egRoA

15 vad

iqLrdsa
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh xbZ gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kidksa ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

xzUFk f'kYi
fyf[kr ijh{kk esa nks iz'u&i= gksaxsA izR;sd iz'u&i= 35 vad ,oa rhu ?k.Vs dh vof/k dk gksxkA blds vfrfjDr
30 vad dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk pkj ?k.Vs dh vof/k esa ,d fnu esa lEi gksxhA iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa ekSf[kd ijh{kk Hkh
lfEefyr jgsxhA mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s fyf[kr vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa de ls de 23$10=33 vad gksus pkfg;sA
vf/kdre vad

U;wure mkh.kkd

v fyf[kr iz'u&i=
1izFke iz'u&i=
2f}rh; iz'u&i=
c iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk

35 vad
35 vad

70 vad

30 vad
;ksx - - 100 vad
mkh.kZ gksus gsrq fyf[kr ijh{kk rFkk iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa i`Fkd~&i`Fkd mkh.kZ gksus ds
vko';d gSA xzaFk f'kYi ,oa lEcfU/kr dyk esa ftlesa ekSf[kd ,oa o"kZ Hkj dk dk;Z Hkh lfEefyr

23 vad
10 vad
33 vad
lkFk gh 33 vad izkIr djuk
gksxkA

77

izFke iz'u&i=

35 vad

bdkbZ&1dyk
vkSj f'kYi dk lEcU/kA xzUFk f'kYi esa dyk dk egRoA dyk dh ifjHkk"kk] Hkkjrh; vyadkfjd dyk
1
dk bfrgklA mi;ksxh dyk;saA
15 vad
bdkbZ&2fMtkbula
jpukRed rFkk vyadkfjd fl)kUr ,oa muds fofHk :i ,oa vkdkjA
2

10 vad

bdkbZ&3ltkoV
dk ek/;eisu vkSj cz'k] dkxt dkVdj LVsfUly fizfUVax] vcjh fu;af=r rFkk vfu;af=r xksYM
3
Vwfyax] Lhu fizfVaxA
10 vad
f}rh; iz'u&i=
bdkbZ&11&v{kj
fy[kuk fgUnh rFkk vaxzsthA
1

35 vad
20 vad

2dEI;wVj dk izkjfEHkd Kku] iqLrd vkoj.k dh :ijs[kk dks dEI;wVj }kjk cukukA
bdkbZ&21&,d
jaxh; rFkk cgqjaxh; dEI;wVj }kjk vkoj.k dh fMtkbu rS;kj djukA
2

15 vad

2iqLrdksa ds vkoj.k ij okjfu'k] ySfeus'ku rFkk ;w0oh0 irZ yxkdj vkd"kZd cukukA
iz;ksxkRed
1 l= dk;Z
v izR;sd fo|kFkhZ dks izR;sd ekWMy cukus dk fooj.k rS;kj djuk vko';d gSA fooj.k fo"k;
v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk voyksfdr gksxk vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds le{k izLrqr fd;k tk;sxkA blds fy;s iz/kku
ijh{kd }kjk vad fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxsA
c cuk;s tkus okys ekeyksa dh lwph dk pkVZ cuk;k tk; vkSj d{kkvksa esa Vkaxk tk;A
l izR;sd fo|kFkhZ }kjk fo"k; ls lEcfU/kr ,d pkVZ Hkh rS;kj djuk vko';d gSA
2 ekSf[kd ijh{kk
ijh{kk
izR;sd ijh{kd }kjk de ls de rhu iz'u izR;sd fo|kFkhZ }kjk iwNs tk;saxsA blds fy;s lHkh vad iz/kku ijh{kd }kjk
fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxAs
3 iz;ksxkRed
kRed
okg~; ijh{kd }kjk fd;s x;s ,d ekWMy tks pkj ?kaVs esa rS;kj gks tk; fn;k tk;sxkA
1v ySVj izls dh NikbZ esa dEiksftax djuk,d feuV esa ikp 'kCn dh jrkj ls] izwQ fudkyuk] izQ
w i<+uk
rFkk lq/kkjukA
c mPp lqUnj ekWMy cukuk] tSlslqUnj fp= eatw"kk ,yce] cLrs iksVZQksfy;ksA vkHkw"k.k isVh J`axkjnku vkfnA
l ubZ ;k iqjkuh iqLrdksa dks nks Hkkafr ls iqu% ckbf.Max djuk] tSls iqLrdky; okyh ckbf.Max vkSj ykspnkj
ckbf.Max dks Qhrs ij dh x;h gks] iwjh vk/kh os dsoy ihB ij diM+k] ftYnlkth okyk yxkdj ftlesa fuEufyf[kr lHkh rjhds
'kkfey gksa
iqjkuh iqLrd dh flykbZ dks rksM+uk] lQkbZ djuk] QVs tqtksa dh ejEer djuk] j{kd dkxtksa dks cukuk vkSj
Qhrs ij flykbZ djukA ihB ij ljsl yxkuk] ihB dks xksy djuk o fdukjs dkVuk] ij o uhps ds fy;s nrh
dkVukA ihB xksy djus ds fy;s xksykbZ cukukA ftYnlkth ds diM+s ls mls e<+uk] j{kd dkxt dks ij uhps
tksM+uk o lqUnjrk ds lkFk mls lEiw.kZ djukA
n blh izdkj dh lEiw.kZ f;k] vk/kh iwjh o pkSFkkbZ izdkj dh ftYnlkth esa o peM+s] jSDlhu dh ftYnlkth esa
dh tk;A
; ysVj iSM dk Nkiuklkjh NikbZ dh f;k izkjEHk ls vUr rd tSls dEikst djuk] Nkiuk] izwQ rFkk 'kq) djuk]
rFkk gkFk ds izwQ izsl }kjk Nkiuk ;k NksVs VsfMy e'khu ij mls NkiukA

30

78

lEcfU/kr dyk
1 fofHk izdkj ds lHkh ltkoV ds ek/;e ls ekWMyksa dks ltkukA
2 fgUnh o vaxzsth ds v{kjksa dks fy[kukA
3 ekWMyksa o vkStkjksa ds fp= [khapukA
4 dEikst fd;s gq;s eSVj dks vyadkfjd rjhds ls NikbZ ds fy;s cukukA
5 j{kd dkxtksa rFkk iqLrdksa ds vkoj.k i`"B dks ltkukA
6 ltkoV ds fofHk ek/;e }kjk ltkoV djuk ftlesa ydM+h ds BIis] fyuksfu;e ds BIis o gkQ&Vksu vkfn
'kkfey gksaA
fVIi.kh
fVIi.kh
1 izR;sd l= esa izR;sd ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk de ls de nl ekWMy vo'; cuk;s tk;sa vkSj blds vfrfjDr izR;sd
dks de ls de nks mPp dksfV ds lqUnj ekWMy viuh bPNkuqlkj cuk;s tk;saA
2 lHkh ekWMyksa ij ltkoV dk dk;Z Lo;a fd;k tk;sA
3 v/;kidksa dks izR;sd ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds dk;Z ds fo"k; esa ,d fjiksVZ iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds fy;s j[kuh pkfg;sA
iqLrdsa
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

xzUFk f'kYi
vf/kdre vad30

U;wure mkh.kkd vad10 vad

1 okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns;

le; 06 ?k.Vs
15 vad

1ekWMy cukukA

03

2ltkoVA

03

3izsl dk;Z
d dEiksftaxA
[k izQ
w jhfMax dk;ZA

03
03

4ekSf[kd dk;ZA

03

2 vkarfjd ewY;kadu ns;

15 vad

1Qkby fjdkWMZA

04

2l=h; dk;Z lrr~ ewY;kaduA

03

3izkstsDV dk;Z ,oa ekSf[kdhA


O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

dk"B f'kYi
fyf[kr ijh{kk esa nks iz'u&i= gksaxsA izR;sd 35 vad o rhu ?k.Vs dk gksxkA blds vfrfjDr 30 vadksa dh ,d
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ftlesa ekSf[kd ijh{kk Hkh lfEefyr gS] gksxhA iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk 4 ?k.Vs ls vf/kd u gksxhA mkh.kZ gksus ds
fy;s fyf[kr vkSj iz;ksxkRed esa de ls de e'k% 23$10=33 vad vkus pkfg;sA

08

79

izFke iz'u&i=
dk"B f'kYi dk fl)kUr

35 vad

bdkbZ&1&d{kk
esa cuk;s x;s lHkh izk:iksa ds Ldsy] Mkbax ekWMy] vkStkjksa vkSj esVy ds eqDr gLrfp= cukuk rFkk
1&
mudks jaxuk vkfnA lQsn] dkys 'ksM nsukA
15 vad
bdkbZ&2&L;kgh
rS;kj djus dh fof/kd vkSj js[kkfp= ij L;kgh djuk] Cyw fizaV cukus rFkk VsM djus dk KkuA
10 vad
2&
3&fofHkUu izdkj ds v{kjksa dks fy[kus dk Kku] fMtkbuksa ,oa ekMyksa ds ltkus dh fof/k;ksa dk Kku] T;kfefr
bdkbZ&3&
fMtkbuksa dk KkuA
10 vad
f}rh; iz'u&i=
35 vad
bdkbZ&1&
1&fQfuf'kax ikfy'k rFkk okfuZ'k rS;kj o iz;ksx djus dk vfxze KkuA
20 vad
2&ydM+h ds ekMy dh ikfy'k ls jaxus dh fofo/k lrg ls iqjkus /kCcksa dks feVkuk rFkk ikfy'k o okfuZ'k fd;s
bdkbZ&2&
gq, lrg ls gVkuk] LVsafly IysV dks rS;kj djuk] dkVuk rFkk cukuk] iz;ksx esa vkus okys rsy o ikuh dk KkuA
15 vad
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z esa fuEu izdkj ds ekWMy cuk;s tk;saxs ftUgsa dsoy ladsr :i esa fn;k tk jgk gSA mudh uki] 'kDy
cukus ds rjhds rFkk ltkoV vkfn dj izR;sd d{kk ds vuqlkj ifjorZu djukA lHkh izdkj ds vkSt+kjksa dk ekuqlkj iz;ksx
rFkk mfpr vH;kl gksuk pkfg;sA fofHk izdkj ds uki o vkdkj Lo;a cukuk pkfg;sA ftlesa eq[; tksM+ vkuqikfrd vkdkj
vkSj lk/kkj.k ;kaf=d ms'; dk lekos'k gksA

30

lk/kkj.k ekWMy<Ddunkj]
LVs'kujh] fofHk izdkj ds Vs >qds gq;s rFkk MiVsy TokbUV dk fQfVax ckWDl] QLVZ ,M
y
ckWDl] lkbfdy LVS.M] tsd Iysu o Lewfiax IysuA
f[kykS
Iysu ikydhA
f[kykSukXykbMj
k
uksVv/;kid dks izR;sd Nk= ds dk;ks dh ,d fjiksVZ rS;kj djuh pkfg;s tks okg~; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds lEeq[k
fopkjkFkZ izLrqr fd;k tk;A
iqLrdsadksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e
ds vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

dk"B f'kYi
vf/kdre vad30
30

U;wure mkh.kkd vad10


10 vad

le; 06
06 ?k.Vs

1 okg~
okg~; ewY;kadu15
u 15 vad
1ekWMy dh rS;kjh lgh cukus dh fof/kA

03

2lgh tksM+A

03

3ekWMy dh lgh :ijs[kkA

03

4fpi dkfoxA

02

5ekSf[kdhA

04

2 vkarfjd ewY;kadu15
u 15 vad
1izkstsDV dk;Z ,oa ekSf[kdhA

06

2fjiksVZ rS;kj djkukA

05

3l=h; dk;Z ,oa lrr~ ewY;kaduA

04

uksVv/;kid izR;sd Nk= ds dk;ks dh ,d fjiksVZ rS;kj dj okg~; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds le{k vo'; izLrqr djsaA

80

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk


O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ckg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

flyk
flyk
fyf[kr ijh{kk esa nks iz'u&i= gksaxsA izR;sd 35 vad o rhu ?k.Vs dk gksxkA blds vfrfjDr 30 vadksa dh ,d
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gksxh ftlesa ekSf[kd ijh{kk Hkh lfEefyr gSA iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk 4 ?k.Vs ls vf/kd u gksxhA mkh.kZ gksus ds
fy;s fyf[kr vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa de ls de e'k% 23$10=33 vad vkus pkfg;sA
izFke iz'u&i=
1&mfpr fp=ksa }kjk iznf'kZr djuk1 uki ysus dh fof/k;k] 2 vkuqikfrd uki] 3 fn;s gq;s ukiksa ds vuqlkj
oL=ksa ds fofHk Hkkxksa dk fp= cukuk ,oa fooj.k fy[kuk] 4 ferO;f;rkiwoZd oL=ksa ds fofHk Hkkxksa dks dkVus dh fof/k dks
iznf'kZr djukA
2&dVkbZ] flykbZ esa dke vkus okyh lkexzh rFkk midj.kksa dk fp= lfgr fooj.k1 oL= dfVax esa dke vkus
okyh lkexzh rFkk midj.k] 2 oL= flyus esa dke vkus okyh lkexzh rFkk midj.k] 3 fofHk izdkj dh izsl rFkk izsl
djus esa dke vkus okyh lkexzhA
3&flykbZ e'khuflykbZ e'khu dh tkudkjh] j[k&j[kko mlesa vkus okys nks"k rFkk mUgsa nwj djus ds mik;A
4&fofHk izdkj ds Vkads cukus dh fof/k lfp= crkukdPpk Vkadk rFkk mlds izdkj] cf[k;k rqjiu] dkt]
b.VjykWd] dksVk] chfMax] lktZ] dqYVh] pkSik] ?kksalk] iSfMax jQw] iscUn vkfnA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
1 iSVuZ ;k uewuk1 iSVuZ cukus dh fof/k] 2 iSVuZ ds izdkj] 3 iSVuZ dh mi;ksfxrk ,oa egRo] 4 iSVuZ dh
lgk;rk ls fuf'pr vkdkj ds diM+ksa dh ferO;f;rkiwoZd dkVus dh fof/k iznf'kZr djuk] 5 iSVuZ dh uki ds vuqlkj
?kVkus&c<+kus dh ;ksX;rk] 6 iSVuZ cqd dh mi;ksfxrkA
2 lqbZ;ksa rFkk /kkxksa ds izdkj1 gkFk dh lqbZ;ksa ds uEcj rFkk oL= ds vuq:I muds mi;ksxk dk Kku] 2 e'khu
dh lqbZ;ksa ds uEcj rFkk oL= ds vuq:i muds mi;ksx dk Kku] 3 fofHk izdkj ds /kkxksa dh tkudkjh rFkk oL= ds vuq:i
muds mi;ksx dk KkuA
3 flykbZ O;olk; esa fuEufyf[kr dh tkudkjh ds ykHk
1 ifj/kku fuekZ.k esa ltkoVh lkexzh dh tkudkjhA
2 oL=ksa dh fQfVax dk egRoA
3 fQfuf'kax dk egRoA
4 izsflax rFkk QksfYMax dk egRoA
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z
fn;s gq;s uki ds vuqlkj fuEufyf[kr oL=ksa dk fp= cukuk] dkVuk ,oa iw.kZ :i ls flyukA
ckfydkvksa rFkk fL=;ksa ds oL=
oL=
1 kWdA
2 LdVZ VkWiA
3 'kyokj dqrkZA
4 CykWmt+A
5 eSDlh ukbVhA
6 gkml dksVA
iqLrdas
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

35

09

09
09
08
35

12

12

11

81

flykbZ
vf/kdre vad30

U;wure mkh.kkd10 vad

le;06 ?k.Vs

1 okg~; ewY;kadu15
u 15 vad
1fn;s x;s ukiksa ds vuqlkj oL=ksa ds fofHk Hkkxksa dk fp= cukuk MkfVax ,oa dVkbZ djukA

06

2oL= dh flykbZ] fQfuf'kax ,oa izsflaxA

06

3ekSf[kd dk;ZA

03

2 vkarfjd ewY;kadu15
u 15 vad
1Qkby fjdkWMZA

05

2flykbZckfydk] iq#"k ,oa L=h ds oL=A

06

3e'khu ds fofHk Hkkxksa dk KkuA

02

4l=h; dk;Z ,oa ekSf[kd dk;ZA

02

uksVv/;kfidk dks izR;sd Nk=k ds dk;ks dh ,d fjiksVZ rS;kj djuh pkfg;s tks okg~; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds le;
ijh{kd ds le{k vo'; izLrqr fd;k tk;A
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;sax]s mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

u`R; dyk
nks fyf[kr iz'u&i= gksaxAs ftuesa izR;sd rhu ?k.Vs vkSj 25 vadksa dk gksxkA blds vykok 50 vadksa dh iz;ksxkRed
ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s fo|kFkhZ dks fyf[kr] iz;ksxkRed vkSj ;ksx esa e'k% de ls de 17] 16 vkSj 33 vad
ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
25 vad
u`R; dyk fl)kUr
fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdlh ,d dh ifjHkk"kk vkSj O;k[;k tgk lEHko gks lds mnkgj.k vkSj fp= nsrs gq;s dRFkd]
HkjrukV~;e~] euhiqjh vkSj dFkdyhA
dFkd ds lkFk euhiqjh rFkk dFkdyh dk ifjp;&
1vfHku;] vkafxd] okfpd] vgk;] lkfRod] dl~d&el~d dVk{k fFkYyu] y;] gjksok] fojkenzqr] ?kwa?kV vapyA
2gkFkksa ds la;Dq r] 33 izdkj vkSj budk iz;ksx nsorkvksa ds gkFkksa dh fLFkfr;ksa tSlsczge~ k] f'ko] fo".kq] ljLorh]
ikoZrh] y{eh] x.ks'k] dkfrZds;] bUnz] vfXu] ;e] o#.k] O;kl] dqcsj vorkjksa ds gkFkksa dh fLFkfr;ka fofHk lEcU/kksa dks iznf'kZr
djus okys gkFkksa dh fLFkfr;kA ikp izdkj dh dqUnA
15
f}rh; iz'u&i=
25 vad
1 y[ku ?kjkus vkSj t;iqj ?kjkus dh dFkd u`R;ksa esa xrksa] VqdM+ksa] ekuksa] izn'kZu vkfn esa eq[; Hksn vFkok
dFkdyh eksguh vV~Ve vFkok e.khiqjh u`R;A

15

2vken] iju vkfn dks rky fyfi esa fy[kus dh ;ksX;rkA rhojk] ,drky] pkjrky] vkM+k pkjrky] /kekjh f=rky
ds Bsdksa dks nqxqu] frxqu] pkSxqu esa fy[kukA LFkk;h Hkko] lapkjh vuqqHkko ,oa jlksa dk iw.kZ KkuA u`R; lEcU/kh fdlh fo"k; ij
fucU/k fy[kus dh lerk
fuEufyf[kr u`R;dkjksa dh thofu;k
mn; 'kadj] xksihukFk] dkydk] vPNu egkjkt] 'kEHkw egkjkt] t;yky] esudkA

10

82

iz;ksxkRed
1V[kus] ?kqVus] dej] dU/k] ckgksa] dykb;ksa] flj] xnZu] vka[kks]a HkkSgksa dh dfBu xfr;ksa dk vH;kl] fofHk izdkj dh
pkyksa dk izn'kZu] Hkkoksa dk vfHkO;fDrdj.k] u`R; vkSj eqnzkvksa }kjk Hkko] tSlsohj] d#.k] gkL; vkfn fn[kkukA
2/kekj] vkM+k] pkSrky esa ljy lrdkj] pkjxra] ,d vk;r] rhu pDdjnkj ijuA 10 VqdM+s vkSj dfor rhu rkyksa es]a
,d xr nks iju vkSj pkj VqdM+s >irky esa ,d xr vkSj nks VqdM+s pkSrky esAa
3rcys ij rhu rky ds vfrfjDr rhojk] vkM+k] pkSrky] /kekj ,d pkSrky] rky ds Bsds cukus dh ;ksX;rkA de ls de
mijksDr rkyksa esa ls izR;sd esa nks VqdM+s vkSj u`R; ds fy, u`R; ds lHkh VqdM+s vkfn dk i<+uk vkSj gkFk ls rkyh] [kkyh vkfn fn[kkrs
gq;s lHkh rkyksa dk nsuk vkSj u`R; ls rkyksa dks igpkuus] idM+us vkSj vuqxeu djus dh ;ksX;rkA
4dFkkud vkSj ikSjkf.kd u`R; tSlsd`".k dh thou ?kVuk;sa vkfn ls nks u`R;A
5foLr`r dRFkd u`R;] xkso/kZu yhyk] ek[ku pksjh] dfBu VqdM+ksa vFkok rksM+ksa dk mlesa izn'kZuA
;k
o.kZe]~ in~e] fFkYyu dh Hkjr ukV~;e~ u`R; dh J`[a kykfdUgha nks jkxksa esAa
lwpuk %%iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa vadksa dk e fuEuor~ gksxk
fo|kFkhZ dk viuk pquk gqvk u`R;A
ijh{kd }kjk iwNs x;s u`R; [k.M xrVqdM+s vkfn fofHk rkyksa esAa
vfHkO;fDr] laoxs ] Hkko vkfnA
os'k] J`xa kj] lTtk vU; izlk/ku vkfnA
y;dkjh] rky Kku vkfnA
u`R; ds VqdM+ksa vkSj rky ds Bsdksa dk fofHk y;ksa esa gkFk ls rkyh [kkyh vkfn fn[kykrs gq;As
lkekU; /kkj.kk vkSj u`R; dk izHkkoA
lwpuk %%v/;kidksa dks izR;sd fo|kFkhZ ds dk;Z dk ys[kk okg~; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds le{k izLrqr djus ds fy;s rS;kj
djuh pkfg;sA
iqLrd %%dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ls ijke'kZ djds ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysAa

50

15
10
5
5
5
5
5

u`R;dyk
vf/kdre vad50
U;wure mkh.kkd vad16 vad
le;izfr ijh{kkFkhZ 15&20 fe0
1 okg~; ewY;kaduu25
25 vad
1ijh{kkFkhZ dk viuk pquk gqvk u`R;A
2ijh{kd }kjk iwNs x;s u`R; [k.M xr VqdM+s vkfn fofHk rkyksa esa crkukA
3os'k] J`axkj] lTtk] vU; izlk/ku vkfnA
4vfHkO;fDr] lans'k] Hkko vkfnA
5y;dkjh] rky] Kku vkfnA
6u`R; ds VqdM+ksa vkSj rky dks fofHkUu y;ksa esa gkFk ls rkyh vkfn fn[kkrs gq;sA
7lkekU; /kkj.k vkSj u`R; dk izHkkoA
2 vkarfjd ewY;kaduu25
25 vad
1fjdkWMZA
2izkstsDVA
3l=h; dk;ZZA

08
03
03
03
03
02
03
05
10
10

83

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk


O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

jatu dyk
blesa nks iz'u&i= gksaxsA ftuesa ls izR;sd rhu ?k.Vs dk rFkk 50 vadksa dk gksxkA f}rh; iz'u&i= esa 10 vadksa ds
oLrqfu"B iz'u gksaxsA
izFke iz'u&i=
50 vad
ekuo flj dk (Statue) izfrek }kjk jaxksa esa fp=.kekuo
flj dh izfrek L=h&iq#"k tks IykLVj vkWQ isfjl ;k feV~Vh
fp=.k
dh cuh gksA lEeq[k j[kdj isfLVy] vkW;y isfLVy ;k s;ku bad ls fp=.k djuk gksxkA izdk'k] Nk;k] izfrNk;k iznf'kZr djuh gksxhA
vFkok
Hkkjrh; fp=dkjhHkkjr
ds fo'ks"k izkphu dykdkjksa ds fp=ksa dh lqxe likVA
fp=dkjh
ljy vuqof` k,d
ekuo o ,d i'kq&i{kh ls la;ksftr jax o js[kkvksa esa fpf=r djukA uki % 20 lseh0 30 lseh0A
k
iz'u&i= esa fp= de ls de 15 lseh0 yEckbZ esa fn;k tk;A
f}rh; iz'u&i=
50 vad
jaxksa esa dkYifud fp= la;kstuxz
u keh.k ?kVukvksa dk mr Hkko izdk'ku vFkok fp= tSlsxzkeokyk xM+fj;k] gyokgk]
fdlku] ekyh] nw/kokyk] Hkkth cspus okyk ;k Qsjh okyk] [ksy mRlo vkfnA blesa ekuo fp= mr n`'; esa ftlesa unh] o`{k] >ksiM+h]
edku bR;kfn Hkh lfEefyr fd;s tk;sAa fp= nks ;k vf/kd jaxksa esa LorU= 'kSyh esa likV jax o js[kkvksa }kjk izdkf'kr fd;s tk;sAa
vFkok
Hkkjrh; fp=dyk dk bfrgklHkkjrh;
dyk ds fuEukafdr mi'kh"kZdksa esa foHkkftr gks] fofHk dyk dsUnzksa dk bfrgkl]
bfrgkl
vkykspukRed vkSj rqyukRed@v/;;u ds lkFk i<+k;k tk;A
eqxy dky] jktiwr dky] iqutkZxj.k dky] caxky Ldwy o fo'ks"k iz[;kr Hkkjrh; dykdkjksa dk thou ifjp;A
fVIi.khiz
fVIi.kh 'u&i= ikp iz'uksa dk gksxkA
iqLrdsa dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ls ijke'kZ djds ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysAa

HkkSfrd foKku
blesa 35&35 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= ,oa 30 vadksa dk iz;ksxkRed gksxkA
izFke iz'u&i=
'kh"kZ
bdkbZ
'kh"kZd
1
fLFkj fo|qrdh
2
/kkjk fo|qr
3
/kkjk dk pqEcdh; izHkko rFkk pqEcdRo
4
oS|qr pqEcdh; izsj.k rFkk iz;orhZ /kkjk
5
oS|qr pqEcdh; rjaxs
dqy vad - f}rh; iz'u&i=
bdkbZ
'kh"kZd
1
izdkf'kdh
2
nzO; vkSj }Sr izd`fr
3
ijek.kq rFkk ukfHkd
4
bysDVkWfud ;qfDr;k
5
lapkj O;oLFkk
dqy vad - -

vad
08
07
08
08
04
35 vad
vad
13
04
06
08
04
35 vad

84

bdkbZ 1fLFkj
1 fLFkj fo|q
fo|qfrdh
08
oS|qr~ vkos'k% vkos'k dk laj{k.k] dwykWefu;enks fcUnq vkos'kksa ds chp cy] cgqr vkos'kksa ds chp cy] v/;kjksi.k
fl)kUr rFkk lrr~ vkos'k forj.kA
fo|qr~ {ks=] fo|qr~ vkos'k ds dkj.k oS|rq ~ {ks=] fo|qr~ {ks= js[kk;sa oS|qr~ f}/kzoq ] f}/kzoq ds dkj.k oS|rq {ks=] ,d leku oS|rq ~
{ks= esa f}/kqo ij cy vk?kw.kZ] oS|rq ~ yDlA
xkml fu;e dk izdFku rFkk vuUr yEckbZ ds ,d leku vkosf'kr lh/ks rkj] ,d leku vkosf'kr vuUr lery pknj
rFkk ,d leku vkosf'kr irys xksyh; [kksy ds Hkhrj rFkk ckgj fo|qr~ {ks= Kkr djus esa bl fu;e dk vuqi;z ksx] oS|rq ~ foHko]
foHkokUrj] fdlh fcUnq vkos'k] oS|qr~ f}/kzoq ] vkos'kksa ds fudk; ds dkj.k oS|qr~ foHko] lefoHko i`"B] fdlh fLFkj oS|rq ~ {ks= esa nks
fcUnq vkos'kksa ds fudk; rFkk oS|rq ~ f}/kzoq dh fLFkj oS|rq ~ fLFkfrt tkZ] pkyd rFkk fo|qr~ jks/kh] fdlh pkyd ds Hkhrj eqDr vkos'k
rFkk c) vkos'k] ijkoS|rq ~ inkFkZ rFkk oS|rq ~ /kzoq .k] la/kkfj= rFkk /kkfjrk] Js.khe rFkk lekUrj e esa la/kkfj=ksa dk la;kstu]
ifV~Vdkvksa ds chp ijkoS|rq ~ ek/;e gksus vFkok u gksus ij fdlh lekUrj ifV~Vdk la/kkfj= dh /kkfjrk] la/kkfj= esa lafpr tkZ]
okuMs xzkQ tfu=A
bdkbZ 2/kkjk
07
2 /kkjk fo|qr~
fo|qr~ /kkjk] /kkfRod pkyd esa oS|qr~ vkos'kksa dk izokg] viokg osx (Drift Velocity), xfr'khyrk rFkk budk
fo|qr~ /kkjk ls lEcU/k] vkse dk fu;e] oS|rq ~ izfrjks/k V-I vfHky{k.k jSf[kd rFkk vjSf[kd fo|qr~ tkZ vkSj 'kfDr] oS|rq ~
izfrjks/kdrk rFkk pkydrk] dkcZu izfrjks/kd] dkcZu izfrjks/kdksa ds fy;s o.kZ dksM] izfrjks/kdksa dk Js.kh rFkk ik'oZ e la;kstu] izfrjks/k
dh rki fuHkZjrk] lsyksa dk vkUrfjd izfrjks/k] lsy dk fo0ok0cy (e.m.f.) rFkk foHkokUrj] lsyksa dk Js.khe rFkk ik'oZe
la;kstu] f}rh;d lsy dh izkjfEHkd /kkj.kk] fdjpkWQ dk fu;e rFkk blds vuqi;z ksx OghVLVksu lsrq] ehVj lsrq] foHkoekihfl)kUr]
foHkokUrj ,oa nks lsyksa ds fo|qr~ okgd cy (e.m.f.) dh rqyuk djus ds fy;s bldk vuqi;z ksx] fdlh lsy ds vkUrfjd izfrjks/k
dh ekiA
bdkbZ 3fo|q
08
3 fo|qr~ /kkjk dk pqEcdh; izHkko rFkk pqEcdRo
pqEcdh; {ks= dh ladYiuk] vksLVsMZ dk iz;ksx] ck;kslsoVZ fu;e rFkk /kkjkokgh ywi esa bldk vuqiz;ksx] ,sfEi;j dk
fu;e rFkk bldk vuUr yEckbZ ds lh/ks rkj esa vuqiz;ksx] lh/kh rFkk VksjkbMh ifjukfydk;sa] ,d leku pqEcdh; rFkk oS|qr~
{ks=ksa esa xfreku vkos'kksa ij cy] lkbDyksVkWu] ,d leku pqEcdh; {ks= esa /kkjkokgh pkyd ij cy] nks lekUrj /kkjkokgh
pkydksa ds chp cy,fEi;j dh ifjHkk"kk,d leku pqEcdh; {ks= esa /kkjkokgh ywi }kjk cy vk?kw.kZ dk vuqHko] pydq.Myh
xSYosuksehVj bldh /kkjk lqxzkg~;rk rFkk bldk vehVj rFkk oksYVehVj esa :ikUrj.k] /kkjk ywi pqEcdh; f}/kzoq ds :i esa rFkk bldk
pqEcdh; f}/kzoq vk?kw.kZ] fdlh ifjHkze.k djrs bysDVkWu rFkk pqEcdh; f}/kzoq vk?kw.kZ] pqEcdh; f}/kzoq NM+ pqEcd ds dkj.k blds
v{k ds vuqfn'k rFkk v{k ds vfHkyEcr~ pqEcdh; {ks= rhozrk] ,d leku pqEcdh; {ks= esa pqEcdh; f}/kzoq NM+ pqEcd ij
cy vk?kw.kZ] rqY;kadh ifjukfydk ds :i esa NM+ pqEcd] pqEcdh; {ks= js[kk;s]a i`Foh dk pqEcdh; {ks= rFkk pqEcdh; vo;o
vuqpEq cdh;] izfrpqEcdh; rFkk ykSg pqEcdh; inkFkZ mnkgj.kksa lfgr] fo|qr~ pqEcd rFkk budh rhozrkvksa dks izHkkfor djus okys
dkjd] LFkk;h pqEcdA
bdkbZ 4oS
08
4 oS|qr~ pqEcdh; izsj.k rFkk izR;korhZ /kkjk;sa
oS|qr~ pqEcdh; izsj.kQSjkMs ds fu;e] izsfjr e.m.f. rFkk /kkjk] ysat dk fu;e] Hkoj /kkjk;sa] Loizsj.k rFkk vU;ksU; izsj.k]
izR;korhZ /kkjk] izR;korhZ /kkjk rFkk oksYVrk ds f'k[kj rFkk oxZek/;ewy eku] izfr?kkr rFkk izfrck/kk] LC nksyu dsoy xq.kkRed
foospuk Js.khc) LCR ifjiFk vuqukn] AC ifjiFkksa esa 'kfDr] okVghu /kkjk] AC tfu= rFkk VkUlQkeZjA
bdkbZ 5oS
04
5 oS|qr~ pqEcdh; rjaxs
foLFkkiu /kkjk dh vko';drk] oS|qr~ pqEcdh; rjaxsa] rFkk buds vfHky{k.k dsoy xq.kkRed ladYiuk oS|qr~ pqEcdh;
rjaxksa dh vuqizLFk izd`fr] oS|qr~ pqEcdh; LisDVe jsfM;ks rjaxs] lw{e rjaxs] vojDr] n`';] ijkcSaxuh] X fdj.ksa] xkek fdj.ksa
buds mi;ksx ds fo"k; esa ekSfyd rF;ksa lfgrA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
bdkbZ 1izizdkf'kdh
13
izdk'k dk ijkorZu] xksyh; niZ.k] niZ.k lw=] izdk'k dk viorZu] iw.kZ vkUrfjd ijkorZu rFkk blds vuqiz;ksx]
izdkf'kd rUrq] xksyh; i`"Bksa ij viorZu] ysal] irys ysalksa dk lw=] ysal esdj lw=] U;wVu dk lEcU/k] foLFkkiu fof/k }kjk

vad

vad

vad

vad

vad

vad

85

izfrfcEc dh fLFkfr Kkr djuk la;qXeh fcUnq] vko/kZu] ysal dh 'kfDr] lEidZ esa j[ksa irys ysalksa dk la;kstu] ysal vkSj niZ.k
dk la;kstu] fizTe ls gksdj izdk'k dk viorZu rFkk ifj{ksi.kA
izdk'k dk izdh.kZuvkdk'k dk uhyk o.kZ] lw;ksZn; ,oa lw;kZLr ds le; vkdk'k esa lw;Z dk jDrkHk n`f"Vxkspj gksuk] jeu
izHkko dk izkjfEHkd vo/kkj.kkA izdkf'kd ;a=ekuo us=] izfrfcEc cuuk rFkk leatu {kerk] ysla ksa }kjk n`f"V nks"kksa dk la'kks/ku
fudV n`f"Vnks"k] nwjn`f"V nks"k] tjk nwj n`f"V nks"k] vfcUnqdrk lw{en'khZ rFkk [kxksyh; nwjn'kZd ijkorhZ rFkk viorhZ rFkk budh
vko/kZu {kerk;sa rjax izdkf'kdhrjxkaxz rFkk gkbxsUl dk fl)kUr] rjaxkxzksa ds mi;ksx }kjk lery rjaxksa dk lery i`"Bksa ij
ijkorZu rFkk viorZu] gkbxsUl fl)kUr ds mi;ksx }kjk ijkorZu rFkk viorZu ds fu;eksa dk lR;kiu] O;frdj.k] ;ax dk f}f>jh
iz;ksx rFkk fat pkSM+kbZ ds fy;s O;atd] dyk lac) lzkrs rFkk izdk'k dk izfrikfyr O;frdj.k] ,dy f>jh ds dkj.k foorZu] dsUnzh;
mfPp"B dh pkSM+kbZ] lw{en'khZ rFkk nwjn'kZdksa dh foHksnu {kerk] /kzoq .k] lery /kzfq or izdk'k] czLVj dk fu;e] lery /kzqfor izdk'k
rFkk iksyjkW;Mksa dk mi;ksxA
bdkbZ 2nznzO; rFkk fofdj.kksa dh }Sr izd`fr
04 vad
fofdj.kksa dh }Sr izd`fr] izdk'k fo|qr~ izHkko] gVZt~ rFkk ysukMZ izs{k.k] vkbLVhu izdk'k oS|qr~ lehdj.k] izdk'k dh
d.kkRed izd`fr nzO; rjaxsd.kksa dh rjaxkRed izd`fr] nsczkXW yh lEcU/k] Msfolu rFkk teZj iz;ksx izk;ksfxd fooj.k u fn;k tk;
dsoy fu"d"kZ dh O;k[;k dh tk;A
06 vad
bdkbZ 3ijek.kq
ijek.kq rFkk ukfHkd
,YQkd.k izdh.kZu iz;ksx] ijek.kq dk jnjQksMZ ekWMy] cksj ekWMy] tkZLrj] gkbMkts u LisDVe] lrr~ rFkk
vfHkyk{kf.kd (Characteristics) X fdj.ksa] ukfHkdksa dh lajpuk ,oa vkdkj] ijek.kq nzO;eku leLFkkfud] leHkkfjd]
leU;wVkWfud] jsfM;ks,sfDVfoVh] ,YQk] chVk rFkk xkek d.k@fdj.ksa vkSj buds xq.k] jsfM;ks,sfDVo {k; fu;e] nzO;ekutkZ lEcU/k]
nzO;eku {kfr] ca/ku tkZ izfr U;wfDyvkWu rFkk nzO;eku la[;k ds lkFk blesas ifjorZu] ukfHkdh; fo?kVu vkSj lay;uA
bdkbZ 4bys
bysDVkWfud ;qfDr;k
08 vad
Bkslksa esa tkZ cSUM] pkyd] dqpkyd rFkk v/kZpkyd] v/kZpkyd Mk;ksMI-V vfHkyk{kf.kd vxzfnf'kd rFkk
i'pfnf'kd ok;lu esa (In forward and reverse bias) Mk;ksM fn"Vdkjh ds :i esa] LED ds vfHkyk{kf.kd] QksVksMk;ksM]
lkSj lsy rFkk tsuj Mk;ksM] oksYVrk fu;a=d ds :i esa tsuj Mk;ksM] laf/k VkaftLVj] VkaftLVj f;k] VkaftLVj ds vfHkyk{kf.kd]
VkaftLVj izo/kZd ds :i esa mHk;fu"B mRltZd foU;kl rFkk VkaftLVj nksfy= ds :i es]a ykWftd xsV (OR, AND, NAND rFkk
NOR) Vkfa tLVj fLop ds :i esAa
04 vad
bdkbZ 5la
lapkj O;oLFkk
lapkj O;oLFkk ds vo;o dsoy CykWd vkjs[k] flXuyksa dh cSaM pkSM+kbZ] (Band Width) okd~] TV vadh;
vkdM+s izs"k.k ek/;e dh cSUM pkSM+kbZ ok;qe.My esa oS|rq ~ pqEcdh; rjaxksa dk lapj.k] O;kse rFkk vkdk'k rjaxksa dk lapj.k] ekWMyq u
dh vko'drk] vk;ke ekMqfyr rjaxksa dk mRiknu rFkk lalpw uA
iz;ksxkRed
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dk vad foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk

HkkSfrd foKku
vf/kdre vad30

U;wure mkh.kkd vad10 vad

1 okg~; ewY;kadu
u
1dksbZ nks iz;ksx 2 5A
2iz;ksx ij vk/kkfjr ekSf[kdhA
2 vkarfjd ewY;kadu
u
1iz;ksxkRed fjdkWMZA

le;04 ?k.Vs
10
05
04

2izkstsDV dk;Z o ml ij vk/kkfjr ekSf[kdhA

08

3l=h; dk;Zlrr~ ewY;kaduA

03

86

3 izR;sd iz;ksx ds 05 vad dk forj.k fuEuor~ gksxk


k
1 f;kRed dkS'ky vko';d lko/kkfu;k lfgr midj.k dk lkeatL; o izs{k.k dkS'ky 'kq) izs{k.kA
2 izs{k.kksa dh i;kZIr la[;k rFkk mfpr lkj.kh;A
3 x.kukRed dkS'ky vFkok xzkQ cukukA
4 ifj.kke@fu"d"kZ dk 'kq) ek=d lfgr dFkuA
5 vkjs[k ifjiFk] fdj.k vkjs[k] lS)kfUrd vkjs[kA
uksV %O;fDrxr
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa ds fjdkWMZ o l=h; dk;Z ds vadksa ds LFkku ij izkstsDV dk;Z esa 15 vad gksaxAs Nk=ksa dk
%
ewY;kadu vkUrfjd rFkk okg~; ijh{kd }kjk la;qDr :i ls fd;k tk;sxkA lrr~ ewY;kadu esa fo"k; v/;kid izR;sd Nk=ksa }kjk
fd;s x;s iz;ksxksa dh lwph cukdj okg~; ijh{kd ds lEeq[k izLrqr djsa rFkk fd;s x;s iz;ksxksa dh la[;k ds vk/kkj ij gh vad
fn;s tk;sxa sA
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA
iz;ksx lwph
1pylw{en'khZ }kjk dkap ds xqVds dk viorZukad Kkr djukA
2lery niZ.k rFkk mky ysla }kjk fdlh nzo dk viorZukad Kkr djukA
3vory niZ.k ds izdj.k esa u ds fofHk ekuksa ds fy;s V dk eku Kkr djds vory niZ.k dh Qksdl nwjh Kkr djukA
4vehVj rFkk oksYVehVj }kjk vkse ds fu;e dk lR;kiu duk rFkk rkj ds inkFkZ dk fof'k"V izfrjks/k Kkr djukA
5mky ysla dk mi;ksx djds mky niZ.k dh Qksdl nwjh Kkr djukA
6u rFkk v vFkok 1/u rFkk 1/v ds chp xzkQ [khapdj fdlh mky ysla dh Qksdl nwjh Kkr djukA
7mky ysla dk mi;ksx djds vory ysal dh Qksdl nwjh Kkr djukA
8fn;s x;s fizTe ds fy;s vkiru dks.k rFkk fopyu dks.k ds chp xzkQ [khapdj U;wure fopyu dks.k Kkr djuk rFkk
fizTe ds inkFkZ dk viorZukad Kkr djukA
9ehVj lsrq }kjk fdlh fn;s x;s rkj dk izfrjks/k Kkr djds mlds inkFkZ dk fof'k"V izfrjks/k Kkr djukA
10ehVj lsrq }kjk izfrjks/kdksa ds Js.kh@ik'oZ la;kstuksa ds fu;eksa dk lR;kiu djukA
11oksYVehVj rFkk izfrjks/k ckWDl dh lgk;rk ls fdlh lsy dk vkUrfjd izfrjks/k Kkr djukA
12foHkoekih }kjk nks fn;s x;s izkFkfed lsyksa dh fo|qr~ okgd cyksa dh rqyuk djukA
13foHkoekih }kjk fn;s x;s izkFkfed lsy dk vkUrfjd izfrjks/k Kkr djukA
14fdlh mHk;fu"BmRltZd pnp vFkok npn VkftLVj ds vfHkyk{kf.kdksa dk v/;;u djuk rFkk /kkjk ,oa oksYVrk
ykfC/k;ksa ds eku Kkr djukA
15foLFkkiu fof/k ls mRry ysla dh Qksdy nwjh Kkr djukA

01
01
01
01
01

jlk;u foKku
lkekU; rFkk vdkcZfud jlk;u
izFke iz'u&i=

35 vad
05 vad

bdkbZ 1jklk;fud
jklk;fud cyxfrdh
vfHkf;k dk osx vkSlr vkSj rkR{kf.kd] vfHkf;k osx dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdlkUnzrk] rki] mRizjs d]
vfHkf;k dh dksfV vkSj vkf.odrk] osx fu;e vkSj fof'k"V nj fLFkjkd] lekdfyr osx lehdj.k vkSj v)Zvk;q dsoy 'kwU; vkSj
izFke dksfV dh vfHkf;kvksa ds fy;s la?kV~V fl)kUr dh vo/kkj.kk izkjfEHkd ifjp;] xf.krh; foospuk ugha] lf;.k tkZ]
vkjgsfu;l lehdj.kA

87

bdkbZ 2oSoS|qr~ jlk;u


05 vad
vkWDlhdj.kvip;u vfHkf;k;sa] oS|qr~ vi?kVuh foy;uksa dk pkydRo] fof'k"V ,oa eksyj pkydrk] lkUnzrk ds
lkFk pkydRo esa ifjorZu] dksyjkm'k fu;e] oS|qr~ vi?kVu vkSj oS|qr~ vi?kVu ds fu;e izkjfEHkd fopkj 'kq"d lsy] oS|qr~
vi?kVuh lsy vkSj xSYouh lsy] 'kh'kk lapk;d lsy] lsy dk fo|qr~ okgd cy] ekud bysDVksM foHko] uLVZ lehdj.k vkSj
jklk;fud lsyksa esa bldk vuqiz;ksx] b/ku lsy] la{kkj.kA
bdkbZ 3jsjsMkDl vfHkf;k
04 vad
vkDlhdj.k vkSj vip;u dh vo/kkj.kk] vkDlhdj.k vip;u vfHkf;k;s]a vkDlhdj.k la[;k] vkDlhdj.k
vip;u vfHkf;kvksa dh jklk;fud lehdj.k dks larqfyr djuk bysDVkWu la[;k ,oa vkDlhdj.k la[;k ds vk/kkj ijA
bdkbZ 4i`i`"B jlk;u
04 vad
vf/k'kks"k.kHkkSfrd vf/k'kks"k.k vkSj jlkso'kks"k.k] Bkslksa ij xSlksa ds vf/k'kks"k.k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] mRizjs d
lekaxh ,oa fo"kekaxh] lf;rk vkSj p;ukRedrk] ,Utkbe mRizsj.k dksyk;Mh voLFkk] dksykW;M] okLrfod foy;u ,oa fuyEcu esa
foHksn] nzojkxh] nzofojkxh] cgqvk.kfod vkSj o`gr~ vkf.od dksykbM] dksyksbMksa ds xq.k/keZ] fV.My izHkko] czkmuhxfr] oS|rq ~d.k
lapyu] Ldanu] ik;lik;lksa ds izdkj] uSuksa inkFkks dk izkjfEHkd fopkjA
bdkbZ 5rRoks
rRoksa ds fu"d"kZ.k ds fl)kUr ,oa ize
03 vad
fu"d"kZ.k ds fl)kUr ,oa fof/k;klkUnz.k] vkWDlhdj.k] vip;u oS|rq ~ vi?kVuh fof/k vkSj 'kks/ku] ,Y;qfefu;e] dkWij]
ftad vkSj vk;ju dh miyC/krk ,oa fu"d"kZ.k ds fl)kUrA Pb, Sn, Ag, Au ds fu"d"kZ.k ds fl)kUrA
bdkbZ 6p CykWd ds rRo&oxZ
07 vad
rRo&oxZ 15] 16] 17] 18
ifjp;] bysDVkWfud foU;kl] miyC/krk] vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk;sa] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.kksa esa
oxZ 15 ds rRolkekU;
rRo
izo`fk;k] ukbVkstufojpu] xq.k/keZ vkSj mi;ksx] ukbVkstu ds ;kSfxdveksfu;k vkSj ukbfVd vEy dk fojpu rFkk xq.k/keZ]
ukbVkstu ds vkWDlkbM dsoy lajpuk QkLQksjlvi:i] QkLQksjl ds ;kSfxdQkLQhu] gSykbMksa (Pcl3, Pcl5) dk fojpu vkSj
xq.k/keZ vkSj vkWDlhvEYkksa dk dsoy izkjfEHkd ifjp;A
rRolkekU; ifjp;] bysDVkWfud foU;kl] vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk;sa] miyC/krk] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.kksa esa
oxZ 16 ds rRo
izo`fk;k] MkbvkWDlhtufojpu] xq.k/keZ vkSj mi;ksx] vkWDlkbMksa dk oxhZdj.k] vkstksu] lYQjvi:i] lYQj ds ;kSfxdH2s,
lYQj Mkb vkWDlkbM dk fojpu] xq.k/keZ vkSj mi;ksx] lY;wfjd vEyvkS|ksfxd mRiknu dk ize xq.k/keZ vkSj mi;ksx] lYQj ds
vkWDlks vEy dsoy lajpuk;sa lksfM;e Fkk;kslYQsVA
rRolkekU; ifjp;] bysDVkWfud foU;kl] vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk;sa] miyC/krk] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.kksa esa
oxZ 17 ds rRo
izo`fk;k] gSykstuksa ds ;kSfxd] Dyksjhu vkSj gkbMksDyksfjd vEy dk fojpu] xq.k/keZ vkSj mi;ksx] varjkgSykstu ;kSfxd] gSykstu ds
vkDlkbM] gSykstuksa ds vkWDlh vEy dsoy lajpuk;saA fojatd pw.kZA
rRoXe ds ;kSfxd lkekU; ifjp; bysDVkWfud foU;kl] miyC/krk] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keks esa
oxZ 18 ds rRo
izof` k;k] mi;ksxA
03 vad
bdkbZ 7d vkSj f CykWd ds rRo
lkekU; ifjp;] bysDVkWfud foU;kl] lae.k /kkrqvksa ds vfHky{k.k vkSj miyC/krk] lae.k /kkrqvksa dh izFke Js.kh ds
xq.k/keks esa lkekU; izo`fk;k] /kkfRod vfHky{k.k] vk;uu ,UFkSYih] vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk;sa] vk;fud f=T;k] o.kZ] mRizsjdh; xq.k]
pqEcdh; xq.k/keZ] varjkdk'kh ;kSfxd] feJ/kkrq cukuk] k2Cr2O7 vkSj kmno4 dk fojpu] xq.k/keZA
yUFksukbMbys
kbM DVkWfud foU;kl] vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk;sa] jklk;fud vfHkf;k'khyrk] ySUFksuk;M vkdqapu vkSj blds izHkkoA
,fDVukW
,fD
VukW;MMbysDVkWfud foU;kl] vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk;sa rFkk ySUFksukbM ls rqyukA
04 vad
bdkbZ 8milgla
milgla;kstu ;kSfxd
milgla;kstu ;kSfxdifjp;] fyxSUM] milgla;kstu la[;k] o.kZ] pqEcdh; xq.k/keZ vkSj vkd`fr;k] ,d ukfHkdh; milg
la;kstu ;kSfxdksa dk IUPAC i)fr ls ukedj.k] vkca/ku] ouZj dk fl)kUr] VBT vkSj CFT, lajpuk ,oa f=foe
leko;ork] /kkrqvksa ds fu"d"kZ.k] xq.kkRed fo'ys"k.k vkSj tSfod fudk;ksa esa milgla;kstu ;kSfxdksa dk egRoA

88

jlk;u foKku

35 vad

f}rh; iz'u&i=
HkkSfrd rFkk dkcZfud jlk;u
bdkbZ 1foy;u
foy;u
05 vad
foy;uksa ds izdkj] Bkslksa ds nzoksa esa cus foy;u dh lkUnzrk dks O;Dr djuk] xSlksa dh nzoksa esa foys;rk] Bksl foy;u]
v.kq la[;k] xq.k/keZok"i nkc dk vkisf{kd voueu] jkmYV dk fu;e] DoFkukad dk m;u] fgekad dk voueu] ijklj.k nkc]
v.kq la[;k xq.k/keks }kjk vkf.od nzO;eku Kkr djuk] vlkekU; vkf.od nzO;eku] okUV gkQ xq.kkad ,oa ml ij vk/kkfjr x.kuk;saA
bdkbZ 2"ekxfrdh
"ekxfrdh
03 vad
fudk; dh vo/kkj.kk] fudk; ds izdkj] ifjos'k] dk;Z] "ek tkZ] foLrh.kZ rFkk xgu xq.k] voLFkk QyuA
"ekxfrdh dk izFke fu;evkUrfjd
tkZ vkSj ,UFkSYih ifjorZu (H), gsl dk fLFkj "ek ladyu fu;e] ,UFkSYih
fu;e
vkca/k fo;kstu] laHkou fojpu] ngu] d.khdj.k] /oZikru] izkoLFkk :ikUrj.k] vk;uu rFkk foy;u] fof'k"V "ekA
,UVkih dk voLFkk Qyu dh Hkkfr ifjp;] Lor% izofrZr vkSj Lor% vizofrZr izeksa ds fy;s eqDr tkZ ifjorZu] lkE;
"ekxfrdh dk f}rh; rFkk r`rh; fu;eA
bdkbZ 3gSgSyks,Ydsu vkSj gSyks,jhu
04 vad
gSyks,Ydsuuke i)fr] C-X vkca/k dh izd`fr] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keZ] izfrLFkkiu vfHkf;kvksa dh f;kfof/k]
dkcks/Z kuk;u dk LFkkf;Ro] R-S rFkk D-L foU;kl DyksjksQkeZ ds fojpu ,oa HkkSfrd rFkk jklk;fud xq.k/keZA
gSyks,jhuC-X
vkca/k dh izd`fr] izfrLFkkiu vfHkf;k;sa dsoy eksuks izfrLFkkfir ;ksfxdksa esa gSykstu dk nSf'kd izHkko]
jhu
dkcks/Z kuk;u dk LFkkf;Ro] R-S rFkk D-L foU;kl DyksjkscsUthu ds fojpu ,oa HkkSfrd ,oa jklk;fud xq.k/keZA
MkbDyksjkseFs ksu] VkbDyksjkseFs ksu] VsVkDyksjkseFs ksu] vk;MksQkeZ] fvkWu vkSj Mh0Mh0Vh0 ds mi;ksx vkSj i;kZoj.k ij izHkkoA
bdkbZ&4&,sYdksgky] QhukWy vkSj bZFkj
05 vad
,sYdksgky&uke
i)fr] fojpu dh fof/k;ksa] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keZ dsoy izkFkfed ,sYdksgkyksa dk izkFkfed] f)rh;d ,oa
ky
r`rh;d ,sYdksgkyksa dh igpku djuk] futZyu dh f;kfof/k] esFkukWy ,oa ,FksukWy ds mi;ksxA
fQukWy&uke i)fr] fojpu dh fof/k;ksa] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keZ] QhukWy dh vEyh; izd`fr] bysDVkWujkxh izfrLFkkiu
vfHkf;k,] QhukWy ds mi;ksxA
bZFkj&uke
i)fr] fojpu dh fof/k;ka] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keZ mi;ksxA
kj
bdkbZ&5&,syhQ
fVd ,sfYMgkbM] dhVksu dkcksZfDlfyd vEy ,oa ,sjkseSfVd ,fYMVkbM ,oa dkcksZfDlfYd vEy
05 vad
hQSfVd
,sfYMgkbM vkSj dhVksu&
uke i)fr] dkcksZfuy lewg dh izd`fr] fojpu dh fof/k;ka] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keZ] ukfHkdjkxh ;ksxkRed vfHkf;k
dh f;k fof/k] ,sfYMgkbMksa ds ,sYQk gkbMkstu dh f;k'khyrk] mi;ksx QkesZYMgkbM] ,flVsYMhgkbM rFkk ,slhVksu dh iz;ksx'kkyk fof/k
,oa xq.k/keZA
,lhfVd vEy&uke
vkDlsfyd] vEyh; izd`fr] fojpu dh fof/k;ka] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keZ] mi;ksx QkfeZd vEy]
vEy
,flfVd vEy ,oa vkDlsfyd vEy rFkk csutksbd vEy ds fojpu ,oa xq.kA
bdkbZ&6&ukbVkstu ;qDr dkcZfud ;kSfxd
04 vad
ukbVks ;kSfxd&fojpu
dh lkekU; fof/k;ka vkSj jklk;fud xq.kA ukbVkscsuthuA
xd
,sehu&uke
i)fr] oxhZdj.k] lajpuk] ,fFky vehu ,oa ,fuyhu fojpu dh fof/k;ka] HkkSfrd vkSj jklk;fud xq.k/keZ] mi;ksx]
hu
izkFkfed] f}rh;d vkSj r`rh;d ,sehuksa dh igpku djukA
lk;ukbM vkSj vkblkslk;ukbM&mfpr
LFkkuksa ij lanHkZ esa fn;s tk;sxsAa
k;ukbM
Mkb,stksfu;e yo.k&
yo.k fojpu jklk;fud vfHkf;k, rFkk la'ys"k.k] dkcZfud jlk;u esa egRoA
bdkbZ&7&tSo v.kq
06 vad
dkcksZgkbMsV&oxhZdj.k ,sYMkst vkSj dhVkst] eksukslSdsjkbM Xywdkst vkSj DVkst] D-L foU;kl] vksfyxkslSdsjkbM lqkst] ySDVkst]
ekYVkst ikWfylSdsjkbM LVkpZ] lsY;qykst] Xykbdkstu egRoA

89

izkVs hu&,s
hu ehuksa vEyksa dk ikzjfEHkd ifjp;] isIVkbM vko/k] ikWfyisIVkbM] izksVhu] izksVhu dh izkFkfed lajpuk] f}rh;d lajpuk] r`rh;d
lajpuk vkSj prq"d lajpuk dsoy xq.kkRed ifjp; izksVhuksa dk fod`rhdj.k] ,Utkbe] fyfiM rFkk gkeksZuksa dk oxhZdj.k ,oa
dk;ZA
foVkfeu&oxhZ
foVkfeu dj.k vkSj izdk;Z
U;wfDyd vEy&DNA
vkSj RNA
vEy
bdkbZ&8&cgqyd
03 vad
oxhZdj.k&iz
j.k kd`frd vkSj la'ysf"kr] cgqydu dh fof/k;ka ;ksx vkSj la?kuu] lgcgqydu] dqN egRoiw.kZ cgqyd izkd`frd ,oa
la'ysf"kr tSls ikWyhFkhu] ukbykWu] ikWfy,LVj] cSdsykbV] jcM+A tSo vi?kVuh; ,oa vu vi?kVuh; cgqydA

izk;ksfxd dk;Z
ijh{kk dk ewY;kadu ;kstuk
vk;ruferh; fo'ys"k.k f}in vuqekiu
yo.k fo'ysa"k.k
fo"k; oLrq vk/kkfjr iz;ksx
d{kk dk fjdkMZ rFkk izkstsDV dk;Z
ekSf[kd ijh{kk

iw.kkZad
10
06
04
05
05
dqy ;ksx 30

(i) i`"B jlk;uA


(ii) "ek jlk;uA
(iii) oS|qr jlk;uA
(iv) o.kZy[s kuA
(v) vdkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dk fojpuA
(vi) dkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dk fojpuA
(vii) dkcZfud ;kSfxd esa mifLFkr izdk;fRed lewg dk ijh{k.kA

'kq) inkFkksaZ esa dkcksZgkbVsV] olk vkSj izksVhu dk vfeyk{kf.kd ijh{kk vkSj fn;s x;s [kk| inkFkZ esa budh
mifLFkfr dh tkap djukA
(ix) fuEufyf[kr ds ekud foy;uksa }kj vuqekiu esa kmno4 ds foy;u dh lkUnzrk Kkr djuk&1 vkDlSfyd vEy 2
Qsjl veksfu;e lYQsVA
(x) xq.kkRed fo'ys"k.k ,d /kuk;u rFkk ,d _.kk;uA
(xi) izkstsDV dk;ZA
izk;ksfxd ikB~;e
d i`"B jlk;u&
v ,d nzo jkxh vkSj ,d nzo fojkxh lkWy cukukA
nzo jkxh lky&LVkpZ] vaM ,YC;wful vkSj xksnA
nzo fojkxh lky&,sY;qfefu;e gkbMkDlkbM] Qsfjd gkbMkDlkbM rFkk vkyhZfu;l lYQkbMA
c ik;lhdj.k deZdksa dh fofHkUu rsyksa ds ik;lksa ds LFkkbZdj.k esa Hkwfedk dk v/;;uA
[k "ek jlk;u&
i dkWij lYQsV vFkok iksVSf'k;e ukbVVs dh foy;u ,UFkSYihA
ii izcy vEy Hcl vkSj izcy {kkjd Nao4 dh mnklhuhdj.k ,UFkSYihA
iii ,lhVksu vkSj DyksjksQkeZ ds chp vU;ksU; f;k gkbMkts u vkca/k cukuk esa ,UFksYih ifjorZu Kkr djukA
x oS|qr jlk;u&
Zn/Zn2+ ///Cu2+/Cu d{k rki ij oS|qr vi?kV~;ks CuSo4 vFkok ZnSo4 dh lkUnzrk ifjorZu ds lkFk lsy foHko esa
ifjorZu dk v/;;uA
(viii)

90

?k o.kZys[kuA
vdkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dk fojpu&
1&f}yo.k cukuk&Qsjl veksfu;e lYQsV vFkok iksVk'k ,syeA
2&iksVSf'k;e Qsfjd vkDlysV cukukA
p dkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dk fojpu&
fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ;kSfxdksa dk fojpu&
1&,lhVsfuykbMA
2&p ukbVks ,slhVsfuykbMA
3&,suhyhu ,yks ;k usFkky ,suhyhu jtdA
4&vk;MksQkeZA
N dkcZfud ;kSfxd esa mifLFkr izdk;hRed lewg dk ijh{k.kA
t 'kq)A
xq.kkRed fo'ys"k.k&
/kuk;u&Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+
_.kk;u&Co32-, S2-, So42-, No3-, Cl-, Br- , I-, Po43-, C2O42-, CH3Coo-, No2-, So32-,
vfoys; yo.k u fn;s tk;

tho foKku
blesa 35&35 vad ds nks iz'u&i= ,oa 30 vad dk iz;ksxkRed gksxkA
izFke iz'u-i=
u i= tUrq foKku
bdkbZ
bdkbZ la[;k
1

'kh"kZd
vkuqoaf'kdh

vad
10

tSo fodkl

07

tSo izkS|ksfxdh vkSj mlds vuqiz;ksx

07

tho foKku ,oa ekuo dY;k.k

07

tSo fofo/krk ,oa laj{k.k

04
dqy ;ksx - -

35

bdkbZ&1&vkuqoaf'kdh
& oa'kkxfr vkSj fofHkUurk,a
& esaUMyh; oa'kkxfr
& esUMyh; vuqikr ls fopyu% viw.kZ izHkkfor lg izHkkfork] Multiple Alleles
xq.kukRed&fodYih #f/kj oxksZa dh oa'kkxfr] Pleiotropy
& cgqthuh oa'kkxfr dk izkjfEHkd Kku
& oa'kkxfr dk dksekslkseokn
&ksekslksEl vkSj thu

10 vad

91

fyax fu/kkZj.k
& euq";] i{kh ,oa e/kqeD[kh
lgyXurk vkSj tho fofue; Linkage
o Crossing Over

& fyax lgyXu oa'kkxfr&gheksQhfy;k] o.kkZU/krk


euq"; esa esaMsfy;u O;fre
& euq"; esa xq.klw=h; O;fre
& Mkmu flUMkse] VuZj o DyhuQSYVj flUMkse
vkuqokaf'kd inkFkZ ds fy, [kkst ,oa Mh0,u0,0 ,d vkuqokaf'kdh inkFkZ
Mh0 ,u0 ,0 o vkj0 ,u0 ,0 dh lajpuk
DNA Packaging
DNA replication izfrd`fr;u
Central dogoma
vuqys[ku] vkuqokaf'kd dksM] vuq:i.k Transcription, Genetic Code, Translation
thu vfHkO;fDr ,oa fu;eu
thukse vkSj /kku thukse o ekuo thukse izkstsDV
Mh0 ,u0 ,0 fQaxj fizafVax
bdkbZ&2&tSo fodkl

07 vad

thou dh mRifRr
tSo fodkl ,oa tSo fodkl ds izek.k&iqjkthoh izek.k] rqyukRed 'kjhj jpuk] HkzkSf.kdh ,oa vk.kfod izek.k
& MkfoZu dk ;ksxnku] fodkl dk vk/kqfud la'ys"k.kkRed fl)kUr
&gkMhZ osucxZ fl)kUr
fodkl dh fdz;k fof/k&fofHkUurk,a mRifjorZu vkSj iqu;kstZ u Mutation & Recombination ,oa izkd`frd
p;u mnkgj.k lfgr izkd`frd p;u ds izdkj
& thu izokg ,oa vkuqokaf'kd viokg Genetic drift
& vuqdwyh fofdj.k
ekuo dk fodkl
bdkbZ&3&tSo izks|kSfxdh vkSj mlds vuqiz;ksx
tSo izks|kSfxdh ds fl)kUr ,oa izfdz;k,a
& vkuqokaf'kd bathfu;fjax iqu;ksZxt DNA rduhd
tSo izks|kSfxdh dk LokLF; ds {ks= esa vuqiz;ksx
& ekuo balqfyu vkSj oSDlhu mRiknu] thu fpfdRlk
& tSo lqj{kk leL;k,a
& ck;ksikbjslh ,oa isVsVa

07 vad

92

bdkbZ&4&tho foKku ,oa ekuo dY;k.k

07 vad

LokLF; ,oa jksx


& izfrj{kk foKku dh ewyHkwr ladYiuk,a&Vhds
& jksxtud Pathogens ekuo esa jksx mRiUu djus okys ijthoh& eysfj;k] Qkbysfj,fll] ,Ldsfj,fll] VkbQkbM]
U;weksfu;k] tqdke] vfeckbfll] fjaxokeZ] Msaxw] Lokbu yw] fpduxqfu;k
& dSalj ,p0vkbZ0oh0 vkSj ,M~l
& LVse dksf'kdkvksa vax izR;kjksi.k dk laf{kIr Kku
& ;kSsoukoLFkk& u'khys inkFkZ vkSj ,Ydksgky dk vfriz;ksx
dhV vkSj ekuo dY;k.k
dY;k.k
& js'ke] 'kgn] yk[k
ekuo dY;k.k esa lw{e tho
& ?kjsyw [kk| mRiknksa esa] vkS|ksfxd mRiknu] okfgr ey mipkj] tkZ mRiknu] tSo fu;a=d dkjd ,oa tSo moZjdA
bdkbZ&5&tSo fofo/krk ,oa laj{k.k
& [krjs ,oa tSo fofo/krk laj{k.k dh vko';drkA

04 vad

& gkV LikV] ladVxzLr tho] foyqfIr] jSM&MkVk cqdA


& tSo fofo/krk dk laj{k.k& ck;ksLQh;j fjtoZ] us'kuy ikdZ ,oa lSUpqjhtA
f}rh; iz'ui=
ouLifr foKku
bdkbZ la[;k
'kh"kZd
1
iknd dkf;Zdh
2
ikS/kksa esa tuu
3
ikfjfLFkrdh vkSj i;kZoj.k
4
[kk| mRiknu esa lq/kkj
dqy ;ksx - -

fu/kkZfjr vad
15
07
08
05
35

bdkbZ&1&ikni dkf;Zdh ,oa tuu


ikS/kksa esa ifjogu (Transportation in Plants)
* ty] Hkkstu] iks"kd inkFkZ vkSj xSlksa dk lapyu
* Cell to Cell transport dksf'kdh; ifjogu
& folj.k] lgt folj.k Faciliated diffusion lf; ifjogu Active Transport
* ikni ty lEcU/k
& vUr% 'kks"k.k] ty foHko] ijklj.k] thonzO; dqapu
* yEch nwjh dk ifjogu Long distance Transport
& ,iksIykLV flEIykLV] ewynkc] ok"iksRltZukd"kZ.k Transpiration Pull
* ok"iksRltZu ,oa fcUnqL=o.k
& LVksesVk dk [kqyuk ,oa cUn gksuk

15 vad

93

& K+ vk;u dk dk;Z


* [kfut yo.kksa dk vUrZxzg.k ,oa ifjogu
& tkbye ,oa yks,e }kjk ifjogu
* ikS/ks vkSj [kfut iks"k.k
& vko';d [kfut cM+s ,oa lw{e iks"kd rRo ,oa mudk dk;Z
& deh ds y{k.k
& [kfut yo.kh; fo"kkDrrk Mineral Toxicity
& gkbMksiksfuDl dk izkjfEHkd Kku & [kfut iks"k.k ds v/;;u dh ,d fof/k ds :i esa
& ukbVkstu mikip; & ukbVkstu p] tSoh; ukbVkstu & LFkjhdj.kA
* ikS/kksa esa 'olu
& xSlksa dk vknku& iznku
& dksf'kdh; 'olu & Xykbdksfyfll] fd.ou vok;oh; TCA p ,oa
bysDVku LFkkukUrj.k ra= ok;oh;
& tkZ lEcU/k & mRikfnr ATP v.kqvksa dh la[;k
& Amphibiotic pathways.
& iks"kd rRoksa dk 'olu xq.kkad
* izdk'k la'ys"k.k
& Loiks"kh iks"k.k
& izdk'k la'ys"k.k dk {ks=
& izdk'k la'ys"kh o.kZd izkjfEHkd Kku
& izdk'k jklk;fud ,oa tSo la'ys"kh izkoLFkk
& ph; ,oa vph; QkLQksjkbys'ku
& jlk;uh ijklj.k ifjdYiuk
& izdk'kh; 'olu
& C3C4 Pathway.
& izdk'k la'ys"k.k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd
& lhekdkjh dkjdksa dk fl)kUr
* ikni o`f) ,oa ifjo/kZu
& ikni o`f) dh izkoLFkk,a ,oa o`f) nj
& o`f) dh ifjfLFkfr;ka &
& foHksnhdj.k] fofoHksnhdj.k] iqufoZHksnhdj.k
Redifferentiation.
& ikni dksf'kdk ds fodkl dk o`f) e

Differentiation

De-differentiation

& o`f) fu;a=d & vkfDlu] ftcjsfyu] lkbVksdkbfuu] bFkkbyhu] ,Clhfld vEy ABA
& Photomorphogenesis including brief account of phytochromes izkjfEHkd Kku
& chtksa dk vadqj.k

,oa

94

& cht izlqIrkoLFkk


& clUrhdj.k
& nhfIrdkfyrk
bdkbZ&2&ikS/kksa esa tuu
& tuu&thoksa dk izeq[k y{k.k tks tkfr;ksa dh fujUrjrk cuk, j[kus esa lgk;d
& tuu dh fof/k;ka & vySafxd vkSj ySafxd

07 vad

vySafxd tuu
& ,dy tho tuu]
& fof/k;ka & f}foHkktu] chtk.kqtuu] eqdqyu] tSE;wy dfydk] [kaMhHkou] iqj:n~Hkou
& ikS/kksa esa dkf;d tuu
& ekbksizksiksxs'ku
iq"ih ikS/kksa esa ySafxd tuu
& iq"i dh lajpuk
& uj ,oa eknk ;qxedksfHkn dk fodkl
& ijkx.k& izdkj] ,tsUlht ,oa mnkgj.k
& cfg% iztuu ;qfDr;ka
& ijkx&L=h dslj lad"kZ.k ikjLifjd f;k
& nksgjk fu"kspu
& fu"kspu & i'p ?kVuk,a
& Hkzw.kiks"k ,oa Hkzw.k dk ifjo/kZu
& cht dk ifjo/kZu ,oa Qy dk fuekZ.k
& cht dk fodkl
& Qy dk fuekZ.k
& fo'sk"k fof/k;ka & vlaxturk Apomixis vfu"ksdQyu Parthenocarpy] cgqHkzw.krk Polyembryony
& cht ,oa Qy fuekZ.k dk egRo
bdkbZ&3&ikfjfLFkfrdh vkSj i;kZoj.k
08 vad
ikfjfLFkfrdh i;kZoj.k] oklLFkku ,oa deZrk Niche
dk vFkZ

& tho vkSj i;kZoj.k


lef"V ,oa ikfjfLFkfrdh vuqdwyu
& lef"V ikjLifjd f;k,a & lgksidkfjrk Mutualism] izfrLi/kkZA
Competition] ijHk{k.k Predation] ijthfork Parasitism
& lef"V xq.k&o`f) tUe nj] e`R;qnj] vk;q forj.k
ikfjra=
& izdkj] ?kVd] tkZ izokg] iks"kd rRoksa dk phdj.k dkcZu vkSj QkLQksjl p] vi?kVu vkSj mRikndrk
& tho la[;k] Hkkj ,oa tkZ ds fijkfeM
& ikfjfLFkfrd vuqe.k Ecological Succession
& ikfjra= lsok,a % dkcZu fLFkjhdj.k] ijkx.k vkDlhtu voeqfDr

95

i;kZoj.k ds eqnn~ s Environmental Issues


& ok;q iznw"k.k ,oa bldk fu;a=.k
& ty iznw"k.k ,oa mldk fu;a=.k
& d`f"k jlk;u ,oa muds izHkko
& Bksl vif'k"V izcU/ku
& jsfM;ks,fDVo vif'k"V izcU/ku
& xzhu gkml izHkko ,oa oSf'od riu
& vkstksu vo{k;] ouksUewyu
& i;kZoj.kh; leL;kvksa ls lEcfU/kr dksbZ rhu Case-Studies.
bdkbZ&4&[kk| mRiknu esa lq/kkj

05 vad

& ikni iztuu] rd& lao/kZu] ,dy dksf'kdk izksVhu


& tSo izcyhdj.k Biofortification
& vkuqoaf'kdh; :ikUrfjr tho & chVh Qlysa

iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
vad&30

U;wure mRrh.kkZad&30

ok ijh{kd
1&lsD'ku dkVuk 01 vad lsD'ku] 01 vad fp=] 01 vad o.kZu ij

03 vad

2&ouLifr lTtk

01 vad

3&iq"i dqy

02 vad

4&LikV igpku 03 vad tarq] 03 vad ouLifr

06 vad

5&ekSf[kdh

03 vad

vkarfjd ijh{kd
1&izkstsDV dk;Z o ml ij vk/kkfjr ekSf[kdh

4$1 = 05 vad

2&izkf.k ,oa ouLifr 'kjhj f;k foKku ,d tarq 'kjhj ,oa ,d


ouLifr 'kjhj f;k foKku iz;ksx

2$2 = 04 vad

3&l=h; dk;Z ,oa laxzg

06 vad
;ksx 15 vad

uksV&Nk=ks
& a dk ewY;kadu vkUrfjd ,oa okg~; ijh{kd }kjk la;qDr :i ls fd;k tk;sxkA vH;kl iqfLrdk ,oa izkstsDV dk;Z
fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk ifj"knh; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds le; izLrqr djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s
tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

96

iz;ksx lwph&
1&f}chti=h vkSj ,d cht i=h tM+ vkSj rus dh vuqizLFk dkV rS;kj djuk vkSj mudk v/;;u djukA
2&pkj lkekU; iq"ih ikS/kksa wlhQsjh] lksysuslh] Qscslh fyfy,lh dk v/;;u ,oa o.kZu] iq"i dk foPNsnu ,oa iq"ih; pksa
dk izn'kZu rFkk ijkxdks"k ,oa vaMk'k; ds d{kksa dk izn'kZuA
3&lelw=h foHkktu dk v/;;u djus ds fy, I;kt ds ewykxz dh vLFkk;h] LykbM cukukA
4&ekuo :f/kj dh LykbM dk fuekZ.k rFkk :f/kj dksf'kdkvksa dh igpkuA
5&isij ksesVksxzkQh }kjk ikni o.kZdksa dks i`Fkd djukA
6&Y;wdksIykLV] DyksjksIykLV] kseksIykLV dk vkjksi.kA
7&vkyw ds ijklj.kekih }kjk ijklj.k izf;k dk v/;;uA
8&iRrh dh ijh vkSj fupyh lrgksa ij ok"iksRltZu dh nj dk rqyukRed v/;;uA
9&izdk'k la'ys"k.k ds fy, izdk'k] dkcZu MkbZ vkDlkbM] DyksjksfQy dh vko';drkA
10&vadqj.k'khy chtksa esa 'olu dh nj dk v/;;uA
11&izdk'k vuqorZu dk izn'kZuA
12&chtksa fd'kfe'k esa vUr%'kks"k.k izf;k dk v/;;uA
13&de ls de nks LFkkuksa ls e`nk ,d= dj mlesa e`nk dh cukoV] pH, ty /kkj.k {kerk ,oa mlesa ik;s tkus okys ikS/kksa
esa lglEcU/k dk v/;;uA
14&DokMsV fof/k }kjk ikni lef"V ?kuRo dk v/;;uA
fVIi.kh&iz
fVIi.kh R;sd fo|kFkhZ ds ikl tho foKku dh ,d iz;ksxkRed uksVcqd gksxh ftlesa iz;ksxkRed dk;Z dk nSfud fjdkMZ ntZ
fd;k tk;sxkA blds vfrfjDr fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks laxzg ,oa pkVZ rS;kj djus dk dk;Z Hkh fn;k tk; vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds le; izLrqr
fd;k tk;A f'k{kd Nk=ksa dh :fp dks n`f"Vxr j[krs gq, ikB~;ekuqlkj izkstsDV dk;Z dk fo"k; fu/kkZfjr dj ldrs gSaA
fuEufyf[kr dk v/;;u@izs{k.k
k.k (Spotting)
1&fofHk dkjdksa ok;qdhV ds }kjk ijkx.k ds fy;s iq"iksa esa ik;s tkus okys vuqdwyuksa dk v/;;u djukA
2&,d LFkk;h LykbM dh lgk;rk ls ofrZdkxz ij ijkx vadqj.k dk v/;;u djukA
3&fdlh ikS/ks ds fofHk jax ,oa vkdkj ds chtksa dh lgk;rk ls esaMyh; oa'kkxfr dk v/;;u djukA
4&rS;kj oa'kkoyh pkVZ dh lgk;rk ls vuqokaf'kd fo'ks"krkvksa tSls thHk dks xksy djuk] #f/kj oxZ] foaMksihd] o.kkZU/krk dk
v/;;u djukA
5&fu;af=r ijkx.k&ca/;hdj.k] VSfxax vkSj cSfxax ij vH;klA
6&LFkk;h LykbM vFkok izfr:iksa dh lgk;rk ls lkekU; jksxdkjd tarq tSls ,Ldsfjl] ,aVvehck] IykteksfM;e] fjaxoeZ dh
igpkuA muds }kjk mRi jksxksa ds y{k.kksa ij fVIi.kh fy[kukA
7&e#n~fHknh ,oa tyh; ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ik;s tkus okys nks&nks ikS/kksa vkSj tarv
q ksa dk v/;;u ,oa muds vdkfjdhijd
vuqdwyuksa ij fVIi.kh djukA
8&izfr:iksa dk v/;;u ,oa igpku&vehck dksbZ Liat] gkbMk] yhoj ywd] LdSfjl] tksad] dsapv
q k] >haxk] js'ke dhV]
ikbyk] Lusy LVkjfQ'k] 'kkdZ] jksgw] es<d] fNidyh] dcwrj] [kjxks'kA
9&izfr:iksa dk v/;;u ,oa igpku&thok.kq] vkDlhfyVksfj;k Likbjksxk;Kjkbtksil] e'k:e] bZLV] yhojoVZ] izkal] QuZ]
ikbu] ,d ,d chti=h ,oa f}chti=h ikS/kkA
x okf.kT; oxZ
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=
izFke iz'u&i= esa lk>snkjksa ds [kkrs ls lEcfU/kr iz'u vfuok;Z :i ls iwNs tk;saxs rFkk ^^vfUre [kkrs** ls lEcfU/kr iz'u
vfuok;Z :i ls ugha iwNs tk;saxsA
nks iz'u&i= gksaxsA izR;sd ds vad 50 vkSj le; rhu ?k.Vs dk gksxkA

97

izFke iz'u&i=
50 vad
1&lk>snkjh ls [kkrs lk>snkj dk izos'k] vodk'k xzg.k] e`R;q rFkk fo?kVu ls lEcfU?kr [kkrsA
20
2&va'k vk'k; izdkj] va'kksa ds fuxZeu gj.k o iqufuZxeu lEcU/kh ys[ksA iwokZf/kdkjh va'kksa dk 'kks/kuA
15
3&_.k&i= vk'k; izdkj] fuxZeu o 'kks/ku lEcU/kh izfof"V;ka o [kkrsA
15
f}rh; iz'u&i=
50 vad
1&dEiuh ds vfUre [kkrs O;kikj] ykHk&gkfu [kkrk] ykHk&gkfu fu;kstu [kkrk] vkfFkZd fpV~Bk dEiuh vf/kfu;e
ds vuqlkjA
20
2&l vk'k;] fofHkUu fof/k;kaA fofu;ksx [kkrsA ykxr ys[kkadu dk ifjp;A
15
3&xSj O;kolkf;d laLFkkvksa ds [kkrs izkfIr o Hkqxrku [kkrs ,oa vk;&O;; [kkrs vuqikr fo'ys"k.k dk lkekU;
v/;;uA
15
fu/kkZfjr iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ugha gSA laLFkk ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i iqLrd dk p;u
dj ysaA
O;kikfjd laxBu ,oa i=&O;ogkj
bl fo"k; esa nks iz'u&i= gksaxs rFkk izR;sd ds vad 50 vkSj le; rhu ?kaVs dk gksxk&
izFke iz'u&i=
50 vad
1&ns'kh O;kikj] chtd o fc; fooj.k rS;kj djuk fgUnh vFkok vaxzsth esaA
15
2&fons'kh O;kikj chtd ,oa vk;kr fu;kZr O;kikjA
15
3&O;olk; izcU/k] {ks= ,oa egRoA izcU/kd ds dk;Z] O;kikfjd dk;kZy; dh dk;Zfof/k uLrhdj.k dh eq[; iz.kkfy;kaA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
50 vad
bdkbZ&1&O;kikfjd&i=A
10
bdkbZ&2'kkldh;&i=A
10
bdkbZ&3&fu;qfDr gsrq izkFkZuk&i= lekpkj&i=ksa esa izdk'kukFkZ fjiksVZ ,oa foKfIrA
10
bdkbZ&4&iwath cktkj dk vFkZ laxBu] leL;k;sa ,oa fu;a=.kA iwath cktkj lEcU/kh 'kCnkoyhA
20
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

vf/kdks"k.k rRo
nks iz'u&i= gksaxs&izR;sd esas vad 50 vkSj le; 3 ?k.Vs gksaxsA
izFke iz'u&i=
1&vf/kdks
mRifk vkSj fodklA cSfdax O;olk; dk laxBuA cSad ds dk;Z tek] _.k rFkk vU; lsok;saA
1&vf/kdks"k.k&ifjHkk"kk]
k.k&
pkyw LFkk;h vkSj cpr [kkrsA cSd
a fcy] izfrKk&i= rFkk gqf.M;ksa dk foLr`r v/;;u cSadksa }kjk psdksa vkSj fcyksa dk
lek'kks/kuA
2&cSadksa }kjk iwath dk iz;ksx] udn dks"k] fofu;kstu rFkk _.knkuA _.k gsrq nh tkus okyh tekursa] cSadksa dk vkfFkZd
fpV~BkA cSd
a foQyrk vkSj cSad ladVA Hkkjr esa cSadksa dk ladV dkyA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
1&Hkkjrh;
esa cSfdax O;olk; dk fodkl] d`f"k vkS|ksfxd ,oa O;kikfjd cSadksa dh vFkZ O;oLFkk]
1&Hkkjrh; vf/kdks"k.k&Hkkjr
k.k&
_.knkrk] ns'kh cSd
a j vkSj lgdkjh lk[k lfefr;kaA fpVQ.M rFkk ljdkjh rdkohA Hkwfe cU/kd cSad] vkS|ksfxd cSad] Hkkjrh;
la;qDr LdU/k cSad] fons'kh fofue; cSad] LVsV cSad vkQ bf.M;k] fjtoZ cSad vkQ bf.M;k] Mkd ?kj dh cSad lEcU/kh lsokA
2&Hkkjrh;
eq[; vax] nks"k ,oa lq/kkj] Hkkjrh; cSafdax fodkl dh :ijs[kkA
2&Hkkjrh; eqnzk cktkj&blds
cktkj&
iqLrdsa&dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls
ikB~;e ds vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

30
20

30
20

98

vkS|ksfxd laxBu
blesa 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= vkSj le; 3 ?k.Vs gksaxsA
izFke iz'u&i=
1&Hkkjr esa d`f"k dh fLFkfr ,oa leL;k;saA
6
2&d`f"k ij vk/kkfjr xzkeh.k m|ksxA
6
3&Hkkjr esa xzkeh.k {ks= ds Lokoyacu dh izf;kA
6
4&Hkkjro"kZ esa xzkeksa ds vkfFkZd laxBu esa ifjorZu dk HkkoA
6
5&Hkkjrh; d`"kd dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr ,oa izkd`frd foifk;ksa dks nwj djus ds lq>koA
8
6&xzkeh.k csjkstxkjh ,oa funku ds mik;A
6
7&xzkeh.k _.k xq#rrkA
6
8&lekt lq/kkj ds mik;A
6
f}rh; iz'u&i=
1&'kklu vkSj Hkkjrh; d`f"k dk vUrlZEcU/kA
6
2&rdkch _.k&vk'k; izHkkoA
6
3&flapkbZ ds lk/kuA
6
4&d`f"k mRiknksa dh ekax&vk'k;] vko';drk] egRoA
6
5&d`f"k vUros"Z k.k ,oa f'k{kkA
6
6&Hkkjrh; d`f"k ds nks"k&muds lq/kkj ds mik;A
6
7&Hkkjrh; fuekZ.k m|ksx&vk'k;] egRoA
6
8&mkj izns'k ds izeq[k xzkeh.k ,oa dqVhj m|ksx /ka/ks&vk'k;] orZeku fLFkfr] leL;k;sa ,oa izxfrA
8
iqLrd&
rd&dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr o laLrqr ugha gSA laLFkk ds iz/kku] fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u
dj ysaA

vFkZ'kkL= rFkk okf.kT; Hkwxksy


nks iz'u&i= gksaxs&izR;sd esa vad 50&le; 3 ?k.VsA
izFke iz'u&i=&vFkZ'kkL=
1&fofue;&
1&fofue;&oLrq
fofue;& fofue;] ;&fo;A eqnzk /kkrq ,oa dkxth eqnzkA ekax rFkk iwfrZ vuqlwph rFkk o js[kk;saA ekax iwfrZ
dk ikjLifjd lEcU/k vkSj ewY; fu/kkZj.k] vYidkyhu rFkk nh?kZdkyhu fLFkfr esa rFkk iw.kZ&viw.kZ Li/kkZ esa ekax vkSj iwfrZ dk
larqyuA
2&lgdkfjrk&
ds fl)kUr] lgdkjh laLFkkvksa ds izdkj] dsUnzh; lgdkjh cSad] izns'kh; lgdkjh cSadA
2&lgdkfjrk&lgdkfjrk
lgdkfjrk&
3&forj.k&
C;kt] etnwjh vkSj ykHkA
3&forj.k&yxku]
forj.k&
f}rh; iz'u&i=&okf.kT; Hkwxksy
Hkkjr ds okf.kT; Hkwxksy dk fuEu Lrj ij foLr`r v/;;u&
1 d`f"k lk/ku] feV~Vh] tyok;q] flapkbZ] Qlyksa dh mit rFkk mudk O;kikjA
2 ou] ouksa dk vkfFkZd egRo vkSj muls izkIr mit] iz;ksxA
3 [kfut inkFkZ vkSj mldk iz;ksxA
4 ty 'kfDr vkSj mudk iz;ksxA
5 egRoiw.kZ fuekZ.k dyk m|ksx vkSj mudk LFkk;hdj.kA

25
15
10

7
7
6
6
6

99

6 dqVhj m|ksx /kU/ksA


7 ;krk;kr ds lk/ku] cUnjxkgA
8 Hkkjr ds fons'kh O;kikj dh izd`fr ,oa y{;A
iqLrdsa&dksbZ Hkh iqLrd laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA laLFkk ds iz/kku] fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

6
6
6

xf.kr rFkk izkjfEHkd lkaf[;dh


nks iz'u&i=&izR;sd iz'u&i= esa rhu ?kaVk le; vkSj 50 vad gksaxsA
izFke iz'u&i=&xf.kr
1&chtxf.kr
50 vad
oxZ lehdj.k dk fl)kUr] lekUrj] xq.kkRed] gjkRed Jsf.k;ka] e le; vkSj lap;] f}in vkSj ?kkrh; izes;]
y?kqx.kdh; Jsf.k;ka] y?kqx.kdh; lkj.kh dk iz;ksx ;fn vko';drk gks rks fd;k tk ldrk gSA
uksV&chtxf.kr
ds fy;s dksbZ Hkh iqLrd izfrikfnr ugha dh x;h gSA
&
f}rh; iz'u&i= lkekU; lkaf[;dh
50 vad
1&lkexzhdk laxzg.k] lkexzh dk oxhZdj.k] lkj.khdj.k ,oa fu"d"kZ@xzkQ vkSj vkjs[k (Diagrams) }kjk
izLrqrhdj.k] lkaf[;dh; ek/; (Average)] izlkj (Dispersion)] fo"kerk (Skewness)] lwpdkad (Index
number)A
fVIi.kh&lS
fVIi.kh& )kfUrd iz'uksa dk Hkkj 30 izfr'kr ls vf/kd ugha gksxk vkSj lS)kfUrd Hkkx esa vkUrfjd fodYi vo';
jgsxkA
iqLrds
rdsa&dksbZ Hkh iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky;ksa ds iz/kku] fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls
ikB~;e ds vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

chek fl)kUr ,oa O;ogkj


blesa 50&50 vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= rhu&rhu ?kaVs ds gksaxAs
izFke iz'u&i=
1&lkekU; chek laxBu ,oa iz'kkluA
2&chek O;olk; dk jk"Vh;dj.kA
3&vfXu chek dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa dk;ZA
4&vfXu chek lafonk ds vko';d rRoA
5&vfXu chek djkus dh fof/k ,oa nkoksa dk fuiVkjkA
6&vfXu chek esa izhfe;e fu/kkZj.kA
7&vfXu chek&i=ksa ds izdkjA
8&vfXu chek dh 'krsZaA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
1&lkeqfnzd chek dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa {ks=&fo"k; oLrqA
2&lkeqfnzd chek lafonk ds vko';d fu;eA
3&lkeqfnzd chek djkus dh fof/kA
4&lkeqfnzd chek&i=ksa ds izdkj ,oa izhfe;e fu/kkZj.kA
5&lkeqfnzd chek ds okD;ka'kA
6&lkeqfnzd gkfu;kaA

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
8
8
6
6
6
6
8

100

7&chek fo/kku] 1938 dk laf{kIr ifjp;A


8&fofo/k chek tSls&
1 Qly chek (Crop Insurance)A
2 i'kq chek (Cattle Insurance)A
3 pksjh chek (Theft Insurance)A
4 xkM+h chek (Vehicle Insurance)A
iqLrdsa&dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha gSA laLFkk ds iz/kku ikB~;e ds vuq:i fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls
iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

6
4

?k d`f"k oxZ
Hkkx&1
izFke o"kZ
fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnh&
fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnh fo"k; ds ikB~;e o iqLrdksa dh fLFkfr ogh jgsxh tks bl fooj.k&if=dk esa vfuok;Z
fo"k; ds vUrxZr ^^ekufodh oxZ** ds fy;s fu/kkZfjr gSA ijUrq fgUnh vFkok lkekU; fgUnh fo"k; dh ijh{kk d`f"k] Hkkx&,d
izFke o"kZ esa ugha yh tk;sxhA bl fo"k; dh ijh{kk d`f"k] Hkkx&nks f}rh; o"kZ esa nks o"khZ; ikB~;e ds vk/kkj ij yh
tk;sxhA

d`f"k Hkkx&nks f}rh; o"kZ


"k"Be~ iz'u&i=
'kL; foKku flapkbZ] ty fudkl ,oa 'kkd rFkk Qy lao/kZu&
1&fla
a dks ikuh dh vko';drk] tyeku izLrko ,oa mldk e`nk xBu ls lEcU/k] flapkbZ
1&flapkbZ rFkk ty fudkl&Qlyks
fudkl&
ty ds viO;; dh jksdFkke] flapkbZ ty ds xq.k vkSj muds izHkkoA
2&fla
flapkbZ dh iz.kkfy;ka ,oa fof/k;ka&Hkjko flapkbZ] Fkkyk fof/k] ckSNkjh flapkbZ] fMi flapkbZ] mBko flapkbZ ,oa rksM+
flapkbZ] iV~Vh flapkbZ okMZj fof/k izR;sd ds ykHk vkSj lhek;saA
3&fla
3&flapkbZ ty dh eki&ch
eki& dVko ,oa dqykok gsDVs;j] ls0 eh0] ehVj eki dh iz.kkyhA
4&ty
ty fudkl dh vko';drk&feV~
vko';drk& Vh esa vfr ueh ls gkfu;ka] Hkwfe fodkj ,oa lq/kkj {kkjh; rFkk vEyh; fefV~V;ka]
mudk cuuk] jksdFkke ,oa lq/kkj] iz{ks= QkeZ izcU/k dh lkekU; tkudkjhA
5&nS
5&nSoh vkink;sa&ck<+] vfro`f"V] vuko`f"V] miyo`f"V] HkwdEi vkfn dk Lo:i] laosnu'khy {ks=] gkfu] fu;a=.k ds
mik;A
6&'kkd
'kkd rFkk Qy lao)Zu&fuEufyf[kr
'kkdksa rFkk Qyksa dh Qlyksa dk v/;;u] laLrqr iztkfr;ka rFkk muds eq[;
&
xq.k] izn's k ds mi;qDr {ks=] cksus dk le;] cht cksus dh fof/k] [kkn nsuk] flapkbZ djuk] jksx ,oa dhV igpku ,oa fuokj.k]
mit ,oa chtksRiknuA
d xksHkh oxhZ; Qlysa&Qwy xksHkh] iRrk xksHkh] xkaB xksHkhA
[k cYo Qlysa&I;kt] yglquA
x dqdqjfcV&djsyk] ykSdh] [kjcwtk] dn~nw] rqjbZA
?k tM+ Qlysa&xktj] ewyh] 'kdjdUn] 'kyteA
e'k:e dh [ksrhA
p ysX;we&eVjA
N elkys&yky fepZA
t fofo/k&cSxu] fHk.Mh] VekVjA
> dsyk] lso] yhph] csj] vke] ve:n] uhacw] iihrk] vkM+wA
iq"i mRiknu&xsank] xqykc] xqynkmnhA

10
05
05
05
05

20

101

iz;ksxkRed
'kkd Qlyksa dks mxkuk vkSj mudh ckn dh ns[kHkky] ulZjh rS;kj djuk vkSj muds cht mRiknu fl)kUr fuEufyf[kr
f;kvksa esa vH;kl&
d ,d o"khZ; 'kkd Qlyksa dh cht 'kkf;dk dh fofHk ;a=ksa }kjk rS;kjhA
[k gkFk rFkk cSyksa ls pfyr ;a=ksa }kjk varjd"kZ.kA
x izfrp;u fof/k ls mit dk vuqekuA
?k fofHk fof/k;ksa ls flapkbZ rFkk flapkbZ dh ykxrA
[kkn rFkk moZjdksa ds 'kkd Qlyksa ds lanHkZ esa iz;ksx dh fof/k;kaA
p 'kkd&Hkkth ds cht rFkk lEcfU/kr [kj&irokjksa dh igpkuA
N 'kkd&Hkkth ds eq[; chekfj;ksa rFkk dhVksa dh igpkuA
t chekfj;ksa rFkk dhM+ksa ds fuokj.k ds fy;s nokb;ksa dk ?kksy cukuk rFkk MLVj ,oa Lizs;j dk iz;ksxA
Nk= jktdh; QkeksZa rFkk fdlkuksa ds 'kkd QkeksZa esa v/;;u djus Hkze.kkFkZ tk;saxsA iz;ksxkRed dk;Z] Qlyksa dk eq[;
voyksduksa rFkk Hkze.k LFkkuksa ds v/;;u dk vfHkys[k j[kk tk;sxkA
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

'kL; foKku d`f"k Hkkx&nks


vf/kdre vad % 50
U;wure mRrh.kkZad % 16
le; % 03 ?kaVk
1&ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad
fu/kkZfjr vad
1&cht 'kS;k dk fuekZ.k
13 vad
2&ekSf[kdh
08 vad
3&d vkafdd iz'u }kjk [kkn dh x.kuk djuk&
02 vad
[k Qlyksa dh flapkbZ ls lEcfU/kr vkafdd iz'u&
02 vad
2&vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad
1&cht] [kj&irokj] [kkn rFkk Qlyksa dh igpku
10 vad
2&vH;kl iqfLrdk
08 vad
3&izkstsDV
07 vad
uksV&vH;kl
iqfLrdk ,oa izkstsDV dk;Z fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk ifj"knh; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds le; izLrqr djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
&
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksxa As
lIre iz'u&i=

d`f"k&vFkZ'kkL=
fl)kUr
1&iz
kkL=&fl)kUr] vFkZ'kkL= dk vFkZ vkSj {ks=] vU; foKkuksa ls lEcU/k] jk"Vh; fu;kstu esa d`f"k
1&izkjfEHkd vFkZ'kkL=&
vFkZ'kkL= dk egRoA
mRiknu ds miknku] izfrQy fu;e] izns'k ds ize[q k mRiknu vkadM+s&
Hkwfe&bldh
fo'ks"krk;sa] Hkwfe dk mRiknu ds lk/ku ds :i esa egRo] l?ku rFkk foLr`r [ksrhA
e&
Je&Je
Je& dh fo'ks"krk;sa] Je dk la;kstu] Je dh n{krk] xfr'khyrkA

15

102

iwath&iw
h& ta h dk oxhZdj.k] d`f"k esa iwath dk egRoA
laxBu&iz
Bu& cU/k vkSj mRre d`f"k mRiknu ds miknkuksa dk la;kstuA
2 fofue;&ifjHkk"kk
,oa izdkj] fofue; ds ykHk] cktkj ds izdkj] cktkj vkSj lkekU; ewY;] ekax vkSj iwfrZ dk
fofue;&
fu;e] ewY; dk fl)kUr] nzO;] vUrjkZ"Vh; O;kikj ds fl)kUrA
10
3 forj.k&ifjHkk"kk
,oa fu/kkZj.k ds fl)kUr&yxku] etnwjh] C;kt vkSj ykHkA
05
forj.k&
4 miHkksx&ifjHkk"kk] vko';drk;sa muds y{k.k] gzkleku] rqf"Vxq.k fu;e] ekax dk fu;e] ewY; lkis{krk vkSj thou
LrjA
05
5 lgdkfjrk dk izkjfEHkd Kku] lgdkfjrk ds fl)kUr] fofHkUu izdkj dh lgdkjh lfefr;ka] muds laxBu ,d
/ka/kh cuke cgq/ka/kh lgkdjh lfefr;ka] Hkwfe fodkl cSad ,oa xzkeh.k cSadksa dk d`f"k esa ;ksxnkuA
05
6 izkjfEHkd xzkeh.k lekt'kkL=] xzke tho dk mn~Hko vkSj fodkl] xzkeksa dk lkekftd xBu] fofHk lkeqnfk;d
laLFkkvksa ds dk;Z] xzke f'k{kk] lkekftd xfr'khyrk rFkk lkekftd ifjorZuA tula[;k ncko ,oa csjkstxkjh leL;k dk
lek/kkuA xzke iapk;r dk xBu ,oa xzke fodkl esa ;ksxnkuA
05
7 iapo"khZ; ;kstuk esa d`f"k dk LFkku] izns'k esa d`f"k mRiknu ds izeq[k vkadM+sA
05
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA
v"Ve~ iz'u&i=

d`f"k&tUrq foKku
fl)kUr
1&v
1& tho nzO; dk jklk;fud laxBu] HkkSfrd xq.k ,oa tSfod xq.kA ltho] futhZo esa HksnA
c vehck@iSjkehf'k;e tSls&tUrqvksa }kjk thfor inkFkZ dk v/;;uA
2&fuEufyf[kr ds ok vkdkj] LoHkko rFkk thou&o`k dk v/;;u&
d vd'ks#dh;&xksyd`fe] dspqvk] frypV~Vk] js'ke dk dhV] e/kqeD[kh ,oa nhedA
[k d'ks#dh;&fdlh ,d i{kh rFkk ,d Lru/kkjh fxygjh ;k [kjxks'kA
3&fuEufyf[kr dh vkUrfjd lajpuk&
dspqvk] frypV~Vk rFkk [kjxks'kA
4&d Lru/kkjh ds vkek'k;] QqQql] o`Dd rFkk #f/kj dh fgLVksykWth dk izkjfEHkd v/;;uA
[k ikpu] 'olu rFkk mRltZu dh f;k&foKku dk lk/kkj.k KkuA
5&d vuqPNsn&2 ds tUrqvksa dk oxhZdj.kA
[k ekuo vuqokaf'kdh dk izkjfEHkd KkuA
x dks'kk foHkktu dk egRoA
iz;ksxkRed
1&fl)kUr ikB~;e ds vUrxZr vuqPNsn 1d] 2d o 2[k ds tUrqvksa dh igpkuA
2&fl)kUr ikB~;e ds vUrxZr 2 ds tUrqvkssa dk ok vkdkj ,oa thou o`k dk v/;;u
3&izkstsDV dk;Z&
d d`f"k Qlyksa dks uqdlku igqapkus okys tUrqvksa dh lwphA
izR;sd Qkbye ls de ls de ,d tUrq rS;kj djsaA
[k Qlyksa dks uqdlku igaqpkus okys fdUgha nks tUrqvksa ds eq[kkaxksa dk pkVZ@ekWMy ds ek/;e ls v/;;u
[vd'ks#dh vFkok i{kh ;k Lru/kkjh ds lanHkZ esa]
uksV&fo"k;
v/;kid Nk= dh lqfo/kkuqlkj izkstsDV dk;Z fu/kkZfjr djsaxsA
&

10
10

10
10
10

10
06
06

103

4&LikWV igpku 06 LikWV&


d LFkk;h LykbM dk v/;;u&fl)kUr ikB~;e&4d ds vUrxZr mfYyf[kr inkFkksZa ds LFkk;h
vkjksi.k dk v/;;u] lw{en'khZ; KkuA
[k mkj izns'k esa ik;s tkus okys d`f"k egRo ds lk/kkj.k if{k;ksa dh igpku] oxhZdj.k dk Kku
rFkk muds ukeA
5&l=h; dk;Z&
iz;ksxkRed mkj iqfLrdk tks fd v/;kid }kjk gLrk{kfjr gks rFkk ftlesa ijh{kkFkhZ dk okLrfod
dk;Z gks] izLrqr djuk gksxkA
6&ekSf[kd&
d ekSf[kd iz'u&lS)kfUrd Hkkx esa fn;s x;s ikB~;e ds vUrxZr lkekU; Kku lEcU/kh iz'u
vk/kkfjr gksaxsA
[k lEcfU/kr tUrqvksa dk laxzgA

12

08

08

iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd
dk p;u dj ysAa

tUrq foKku d`f"k Hkkx&nks


vf/kdre vad % 50
U;wure mRrh.kkZad % 16
le; % 03 ?kaVk
1&ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad
fu/kkZfjr vad
1&tUrqvksa ,oa oLrqvksa dh igpku&
07 vad
2&fn;s x;s inkFkksZa dk lw{e foospu&
05 vad
3&lw{en'khZ; LykbM dh igpku&
07 vad
4&ekSf[kd
06 vad
2&vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad
5&izkstsDV dk;Z&
08 vad
6&vH;kl iqfLrdk&
10 vad
7&ekSf[kd ,oa l=h; dk;Z iz;ksxkRed&
07 vad
uksV&vH;kl
iqfLrdk ,oa izkstsDV dk;Z fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk ifj"knh; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds le; izLrqr djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
&
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksxa As
uoe~ iz'u&i=

i'kqikyu ,oa i'kq fpfdRlk foKku


fl)kUr
1&i'kqvksa ds izeq[k uLyksa ds fooj.k dk v/;;u] mnkgjk.kkFkZ&xk;] HkSal] cdjh] HksM+ rFkk eqxhZA xk;ksa vkSj cSyksa ds
'kjhj dh ok jpuk vkSj mudk 'kkjhfjd f;k ls lEcU/k] i'kqvksa dh vk;q vkadukA mke nw/k nsrh xk; rFkk HkSal ds y{k.k]
cSy vkSj lkaM+ksa ds y{k.k vkSj mudk xq.kkadu&i= fof/k ls p;uA
2&xkfHku xk;] C;kus ds le; xk;] uotkr cPpksa] gky dh C;kuh xk;ksa vkSj nw/k nsrh xk;ksa rFkk eqfxZ;ksa dh ns[k&js[k
vkSj izcU/k lEcU/kh lkekU; fl)kUr] i'kqvksa dk ca/;kdj.k cf/k;kdj.kA

10
05

104

3&fofHk oxZ ds i'kqvksa rFkk cNM+k&cNM+h] xkfHku xk;ksa] nw/k nsrh xk;ksa] lkaM+ksa vkSj cSyksa rFkk eqfxZ;ksa ds fy;s vkgkj
lEcU/kh lkekU; fl)kUrA fofHk izdkj ds pkjksa vkSj nksuksa dks o"kZ Hkj lLrh miyfC/k ij lkekU; fopkjA xk;ksa dks nksgus ds
fy;s lkQ djuk vkSj rS;kj djuk] xkS'kkykvksa dh lQkbZ vkSj jksxk.kq jfgr djus ij lkekU; fopkjA nksgu ds fl)kUr vkSj
fof/k;ksa rFkk nw/k dk LoPNrk ls mRiknu] d`f=e nw/k dh igpku] nw/k vfHkys[k.kA
4&nw/k ls cuus okys inkFkksZa tSls he] eD[ku] iuhj] ngh] vkblhe] ?kh dh lkekU; tkudkjhA vkijs'ku yM dh
laf{kIr tkudkjhA
5&i'kq iztuu] mn~ns'; ,oa fof/k;ksa dh lkekU; tkudkjhA
6&i'kq fpfdRlk O;ogkj esa izeq[k lk/kkj.k vkS"kf/k;ksa vkSj mudh iz;ksx fof/kA mipkj ds fy;s i'kqvksa dks lEHkkyuk]
fxjkuk vkSj cka/kuk] cNM+ksa dks cf/k;k djukA i'kqvksa esa gksus okys jksx&[kqjidk] eqagidk] xyk?kksaV]w FkuSyk] vQkjk] jkuhs[ksr
chekfj;ksa ds y{k.k ,oa cpkoA
iz;ksxkRed
1&xk; vkSj cSyksa dh ok 'kjhj jpukA
2&xk;] cSy vkSj HkSla dh vk;q vkadukA
3&mke xk;] HkSal] lkaM+ vkSj cSyksa ds y{k.kksa dk v/;;uA
4&larqfyr vkgkj cukukA i'kq vkgkj ds cktkj Hkkoksa ij ekSf[kd iz'uA
5&fofHk oxksZa ds i'kqvksa ds cktkj Hkko ij ekSf[kd iz'uA
6&i'kqvksa dh 'kY; f;k djus] uky yxkus vkSj cf/k;k djus ds fy;s laHkkyuk] fxjkuk vkSj cka/kukA
7&i'kq fpfdRlk] O;ogkj esa iz;qDr lk/kkj.k vkS"kf/k;ksa dh tkudkjh vkSj mudh iz;ksx fof/kA
8&ikyrw i'kqvksa dh rki ukM+h vkSj 'okl xfr dks Kkr djukA
9&Msjh QkeZ ij j[ks tkus okys fofHk vfHkys[kksa dh tkudkjhA
10&o"kZ Hkj esa fd;s x;s iz;ksxkRed dk;Z dk vfHkys[kA
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i iqLrd dk
p;u dj ysaA

i'kqikyu rFkk i'kq fpfdRlk d`f"k Hkkx&nks


vf/kdre vad % 50
U;wure mRrh.kkZad % 16
le; % 03 ?kaVk
1&ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad
fu/kkZfjr vad
1&vkgkj ifjdyu&
05 vad
2&i'kq izcU/k&
d i'kq dk fu;a=.k djuk o fxjkuk&
05 vad
[k ikyrw i'kqvksa ds rkie] ukM+h o 'olu dk Kku
05 vad
3&ekSf[kd&
10 vad
2&vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad
1&ok vaxksa dh igpku&
05 vad
2&vkgkj ifjdyu&
05 vad
3&vkS"kf/k ,oa ;a=ksa dh igpku&
08 vad
4&vH;kl iqfLrdk
07 vad
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu
fo|ky;ksa ds lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr
vad iznku fd;s tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksxa As

10
10
05

10

105

n'ke~ iz'u&i=
d`f"k jlk;u
fl)kUr
iz'u&i= fuEufyf[kr izdkj ls rhu Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr gksxk&1 HkkSfrd jlk;u] 2 vdkcZfud jlk;u rFkk 3
dkcZfud jlk;uA
1&HkkS
1&HkkSfrd jlk;u&
1 HkkSfrd o jlk;fud ifjorZuA
2 jlk;fud la;ksx ds fu;e vkafdd iz'u jfgrA
nzo dh vfoukf'krk dk fu;e] fLFkj vuqikr dk fu;e] xqf.kr vuqikr dk fu;e] O;qRe vuqikr dk fu;e o xSlksa
dk vk;ru lEcU/kh fu;eA mifjfyf[kr fu;eksa dh vk/kqfud ijek.kq fl)kUr ds vk/kkj ij O;k[;kA
3 ijek.kq fl)kUr] vk/kqfud ,oa izkphu /kkj.kk;sa izkjfEHkd fopkjA
4 fuEufyf[kr dh ifjHkk"kk] ljy O;k[;k o ijLij lEcU/k&la;kstdrk] ijek.kq Hkkj] v.kqHkkj ,oa rqY;kad HkkjA
5 ijek.kq dh jpuk ,oa jsfM;ks ,DVhfoVhA
6 ,oksxzsMksa dh ifjdYiuk vkSj mlds mi;ksxA
2&1
2& vk;uokn&fl)kUr] ijek.kq vkSj vk;u esa vUrj vkSj fuEu dh vk;uokn dh lgk;rk ls O;k[;k oS|qr~
vi?kVu] vEy] {kkj] yo.k] ty] vi?kVu vkSj mnklhuhdj.kA
2 vkDlhdj.k ,oa vip;uA

10

05

3 e`nk ijh{k.k dh lkekU; tkudkjh&PH eku] thoka'k inkFkZ ,oa e`nk ds vEyh;] {kkjh; xq.kksa dk rqyukRed v/;;uA

vdkcZfud jlk;u
3&rRoks
3&rRoksa dk vkorhZ oxhZdj.k&
ty&LFkk;h
,oa vLFkk;h dBksjrk o dBksj ty dks e`nq cukus dh fof/k;kaA ty dh flapkbZ dk;Z esa mi;qDrrkA
ty&
fuEu rRo muds ;kSfxdksa dh mifLFkfr xq.k o mi;ksfxrk ds fo'ks"k lUnHkZ esaA
4&v/;;u&
4&v/;;u&ukbV
v/;;u& kstu] veksfu;k] ukbfVd vEy] dkcZu] dkcZu MkbZ vkDlkbM] QklQksjl] QklQksfjd vEy xa/kd]
lYQj MkbZ vkDlkbM] lY;wfjd vEy] Dyksjhu] gkbMksDyksfjd vEyA
fuEufyf[kr ds izkfIr LFky xq.k vkSj mi;ksx rFkk ikS/kksa esa dk;Z] lksfM;e] lksfM;e DyksjkbM] lksfM;e dkcksZusV]
lksfM;e ckbZ dkcksZusV] lksfM;e ukbVsV] iksVSf'k;e] iksVSf'k;e ukbVsV] iksVSf'k;e lYQsV] dSyf'k;e vkDlkbM] dSyf'k;e
dkcksZusV] dSyf'k;e lYQsV] yksgk] vk;ju lYQsV] ,Y;wfefu;e QkLQsV] ,Y;wfefu;e lYQsVA
ukbVkstu p] Hkwfe esa ukbVkstu dk fLFkjhdj.k ,oa QklQksjl ,oa iksVk'k dk ikS/kksa esa dk;Z] d`f"k esa mi;ksx gksus
okyh lkekU; [kknsaA
dkcZfud jlk;u
5&dkcZ
5& fud jlk;u dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa egRo] dkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dh jpuk ,oa lzksr] HkkSfrd xq.k] oxhZdj.k rFkk
ukedj.kA
fuEufyf[kr ;kSfxdksa dk lkekU; Kku] lkekU; lw= cukus dh ljy fof/k;ka] lkekU; xq.k rFkk eq[;&eq[; mi;ksx]
jpukRed lw= [kfut rsy] olk] dkcksZgkbMsV rFkk izksVhu dks NksM+djA
gkbMkstu dkcZu&lar`Ir rFkk vlar`IrA
vYdksgy&,fFky vYdksgy rFkk fXyljhuA
,yMhgkbM rFkk dhVksu&QkesZYMhgkbM] ,flVsYMhgkbM] ,lhVksuA
vehu rFkk vekbM&esfFky rFkk ,fFky vehu] ;wfj;kA
vEy&,flfVd] C;wfVfjd] ySfDVd rFkk vkDtSfyd vEyA olk rFkk rsy] lkcqu ,oa lkcquhdj.k dkcksZgkbMVs &Xywdksl]
DVksl] bZ{kq 'kdZjk LVkpZ] csUtksu rFkk fQuksy ds cukus dh lkekU; fof/k;ka rFkk lkekU; xq.kA

05

15

15

106

iz;ksxkRed
vdkcZfud
1 fuEufyf[kr dh xq.kkRed vfHkf;k;s&a
DyksjkbM] czksekbM] vk;ksMkbM] ukbVsV] lYQsV] lYQkbM] dkcksZusV] QkLQsV] lhlk] rkack] vklsZfud] yksgk] ,Y;wfefu;e]
tLrk] eSxuht] dSfY'k;e] csfj;e] eSxuhf'k;e] lksfM;e] iksVSf'k;e vkSj veksfu;eA
ty ;k [kfut vEyksa esa ?kqyu'khy ljy feJ.kksa dk ftlesa fofHk oxksZa ds mi;qZDr nks ls vf/kd vEyh; vkSj nks ls vf/kd
{kkfjdewyd u gksa] dk xq.kkRed fo'ys"k.k lk/kkj.k fo'ys"k.k esa O;frdj.k u djus okysA
2 mi;qDr ekud foy;u dks izekf.kd ekudj vEyh; rFkk {kkjh; ?kksyksa dk cukuk rFkk budk ekudhdj.kA
lY;wfjd] gkbMksDyksfjd] vkDtsfyd vEyksa] lksfM;e dkcksZusV] lksMk ckbdkcksZusV rFkk lksfM;e gkbMkDlkbMksa dk vk;ru
vuqekiu dkcksZusV vkSj gkbMkDlkbMksa dk buds feJ.kksa esa vk;ruh vuqekiuA iksVSf'k;e ijeSxusV }kjk Qsjl veksfu;e lYQsV dk
vk;rfud vuqekiuA
3 e`nk ijh{k.k&PH eku rFkk vEyh; {kkjh; e`nk dh igpku djukA
dkcZfud
fuEufyf[kr dkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dh igpku&
dkcZfud ;kSfxdksa esa rRoksa ,oa f;k'khy lewgksa dk ijh{k.kA lk/kkj.k ijh{k.kksa }kjk fuEufyf[kr dkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dh
igpku&,fFky ,ydksgy] vkDtsfyd vEy] nzk{kldZjk] Qy 'kdZjk] bZ[k 'kdZjk] LVkpZ rFkk izksVhuA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i
mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

jlk;u foKku d`f"k Hkkx&nks


vf/kdre vad % 50

U;wure mRrh.kkZad % 16

1&ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad

le; % 03 ?kaVk
fu/kkZfjr vad

1&vdkcZfud HkkSfrd rFkk xq.kkRed fo'ys"k.k&

06 vad

2&dkcZfud ;kSfxdksa dh igpku&

05 vad

3&vH;klh vuqekiu&

06 vad

4&ekSf[kdh&

08 vad

2&vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 25 vad


1&jlk;uksa dk vip;u] mip;u] vuqekiu&

10 vad

2&izkstsDV dk;Z&

08 vad

3&vH;kl iqfLrdk&

07 vad

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&


O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s
tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

107

b.VjehfM,V O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh ijh{kk dk ikB~;e


[v/;k;&pkS
v/;k;&pkSng d ds lanHkZHkZ esa]
fuEufyf[kr fo"k;ksa dk ikB~;e] iqLrdsa ,oa vad foHkktu oSlk gh gS] tSlk fd b.VjehfM,V ijh{kk ds vUrxZr
fu/kkZfjr gS&
lkekU; fgUnh] vjch] vFkZ'kkL=] vklkeh] bfrgkl] mnwZ] mfM+;k] vaxzsth] dM+] xf.kr] x`g foKku] xqtjkrh] fp=dyk]
rdZ'kkL=] rfey] rsyxw] ukxfjd 'kkL=] usikyh] ikfy] iatkch] Qkjlh] caxyk] Hkwxksy] euksfoKku] ejkBh] ey;kye] lekt 'kkL=]
laxhr oknu] laxhr xk;u] laLd`r] flU/kh] lSU; foKku] f'k{kk 'kkL=] tho foKku] HkkSfrd foKku] jlk;u foKku] O;kikfjd
laxBu ,oa i=&O;ogkj] vkS|ksfxd laxBu] vFkZ'kkL= rFkk okf.kT; Hkwxksy ,oa xf.kr rFkk izkjfEHkd lkaf[;dhA
Vhi&ftu
fo"k;ksa esa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk fu/kkZjr gS muds vad foHkktu o le;kof/k orZeku esa izpfyr ikB~;ekuqlkj gh
Vhi
gksxkA

'kL; foKku
'kL; foKku fo"k; esa nks fyf[kr iz'u&i= gksaxAs izFke iz'u&i= d`f"k 'kL; foKku&lk/kkj.k Qlysa] feV~Vh rFkk [kkn vkSj
f}rh; iz'u&i=&'kL; foKku&flapkbZ ty fudkl ,oa 'kkd rFkk Qy lao/kZu gksxkA izR;sd iz'u&i= 3 ?kaVs dh vof/k dk vkSj 35
vadksa dk gksxkA fyf[kr ijh{kk ds vfrfjDr 30 vadksa dh ,d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA
iz'u&i=ksa ds vadksa rFkk le; dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk&
iz'u&i=

iw.kkZad

vof/k ?kaVksa esa

U;wure mRrh.kkZad

izFke iz'u&i=&d`f"k 'kL; foKku&lk/kkj.k Qlysa] feV~Vh rFkk [kkn

35

23

f}rh; iz'u&i=&'kL; foKku&flapkbZ] ty fudkl ,oa 'kkd rFkk Qy lao/kZu

35

iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk

30

10

fyf[kr o iz;ksxkRed ijh{kkds ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=&35 iw.kkZad
d`f"k 'kL; foKku&lk/kkj.k Qlysa] feV~Vh rFkk [kkn
fl)kUr
1&'kL; foKku dk;Z dh lk/kkj.k Qlysa] feV~Vh rFkk [kknA QkeZ dh lk/kkj.k Qlysa xsgwa] /kku] dikl] Tokj] cktjk]
eDdk] lks;kchu] ljlksa] vjgj] eVj] ewaxQyh] puk] rEckdw] cjlhe] vkyw] VekVj vkSj xs ds fuEu 'kh"kZdksa ds vUrxZr
v/;;uA
2&laLrqr iztkfr;ka] muds eq[; xq.k] izns'k ds mi;qDr {ks=] cksus dk le;] chtnj] cksus dh fof/k] [kkn nsuk] flapkbZ
djuk] Qly j{kk] mi;qZDr Qlyksa ds [kj&irokj] eq[; dhV ,oa jksxksa ds y{k.k rFkk fuokj.k] Qly dkVuk] xgkbZ rFkk
mitA
f}rh; iz'u&i=&35 iw.kkZad
'kkd rFkk Qy lao/kZu
flapkbZ
1&'kkd
'kkd rFkk
'kkdksa rFkk Qyksa dh Qlyksa dk v/;;u] laLrqr iztkfr;ka rFkk muds eq[;
rFkk Qy lao/kZu&fuEufyf[kr
&
xq.k] izns'k ds mi;qDr {ks=] cksus dk le;] cht cksus dh fof/k] [kkn nsuk] flapkbZ djuk] jksx ,oa dhV igpku ,oa fuokj.k&
d xksHkh o"khZ; Qlysa&Qwy xksHkh] ikr xksHkh] xkaB xksHkhA
[k cYc Qlysa&I;kt] yglquA
x D;wdj fcV&djsyk] ykSdh] [kjcwt] dn~nw] rqjbZA
?k tM+ Qlysa&xktj] ewyh] 'kdjdUn] 'kyteA
2& dsyk] lsc] yhph] csj] vke] ve:n] uhacw] iihrk] vkywA

20

15

20

15

108

iz;ksxkRed
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa vad forj.k fuEuor~ gksxk&
1&tqrkbZ] [ksr rS;kj djuk gy] dYVhosVj ;k gjh [kkn
2&cht ;k lCth ds fy;s cht rS;kj djuk
3&igpku&feh] cht] Qy] [kj&irokj] [kkn] jksx] nok;sa
4&Qlyksa ds mRiknu] ykxr] mit ,oa ykHk dk izfr gsDVs;j x.kuk djuk
5&iz;ksxkRed dk;Z ls lEcfU/kr ekSf[kd iz'u
6&o"kZ Hkj esa fd;s x;s dk;Z dk l=h; ewY;kadu

vad
4
6
6
4
4
6
;ksx - - 30
mRiknu fl)kUr ds

'kkd] Qlyksa dk mxkuk vkSj mudh ckn dh ns[kHkky] ulZjh rS;kj djuk vkSj muds cht
iz'u&i= esa Qlyksa dk iz;ksxkRed dk;ZA
fuEufyf[kr f;kvksa dk v/;;u&
d ,d o"khZ; 'kkd Qlyksa dh cht 'kkf;dk dk fofHk ;a=ksa }kjk rS;kjhA
[k gkFk rFkk cSyksa ls pkfyr ;a=ksa }kjk vUr%d"kZ.kA
x izfr p;u fof/k ls mit dk vuqekuA
?k fofHk fof/k;ksa ls flapkbZ rFkk flapkbZ dh ykxrA
[kkn rFkk moZjdksa ds 'kkd Qlyksa ds lUnHkZ esa iz;kssx dh fof/k;kaA
p 'kkd&Hkkth ds cht rFkk lEcfU/kr [kj irokjksa dh igpkuA
N 'kkd&Hkkth ds eq[; chekfj;ksa rFkk dhVksa dh igpkuA
t chekfj;ksa rFkk dhM+ksa ds fuokj.k ds fy;s nokb;ksa dk ?kksy cukuk rFkk MkLVj ,oa Lizs;j dk iz;ksxA
Nk= jktdh; QkeksZa rFkk fdlkuksa ds 'kkd QkeksZa esa v/;;u djus Hkze.kkFkZ tk;saxAs
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku lEcfU/kr fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

'kL; foKku O;olkf;d oxZ


vf/kdre vad % 30
U;wure mRrh.kkZad % 10
le; % 03 ?kaVk
1&ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 15 vad
fu/kkZfjr vad
1&cht ;k lCth ds fy;s cht rS;kj djuk&
04 vad
2&igpku&feh] cht] Qy] [kj&irokj] [kkn] jksx] nok;sa&
04 vad
3&Qlyksa dk mRiknu] ykxr] mit ,oa ykHk dh izfr gsDVs;j x.kuk djuk&
03 vad
4&iz;ksx vk/kkfjr ekSf[kdh&
04 vad
2&vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu & 15 vad
1&o"kZ Hkj esa fd;s x;s dk;ksZa dk l=h; ewY;kadu&
05 vad
2&tqrkbZ] [ksr rS;kj djuk gy] dYVhosVj ;k gjh [kkn&
04 vad
3&izkstsDV dk;Z&
06 vad
uksV&vH;kl
iqfLrdk ,oa izkstsDV dk;Z fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk ifj"knh; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds le; izLrqr djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
&

109

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&


O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s
tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

lkekU; vk/kkfjd fo"k;


ifjp;&
jk"Vh; f'k{kk uhfr] 1986 ds vuqlkj+2 Lrj ij O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds izeq[k mn~ns'; fuEuor~ gSa&
1&f'k{kk dh fofo/k /kkjkvksa ds v/;;u dk volj miyC/k djkuk ftlls fd Lojkstxkj dks c<+k;k tk ldsA
2&rduhdh tu'kfDr dh ekax vkSj vkiwfrZ ds vlarqyu dks de djukA
3&y{;foghu mPp f'k{kk izkIr djus okys Nk=ksa dks ,d fodYi iznku djukA
lkjka'k esa mi;qZDr mn~ns';ksa ij vk/kkfjr O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ls ;g vis{kk dh tkrh gS fd og lekt esa ,sls O;fDr;ksa dk
fuekZ.k dj ldsxh] ftuds ikl vkius Lo;a ds fodkl ds foLr`r Kku dk lzksr ,oa izf'k{k.k gksxk] ;qok 'kfDr dks ykHkdkjh jkstxkj
nsdj muesa fu#Rlkg dh Hkkouk dks lekIr djus vFkok de djus esa lg;ksxh gks ldsxh] m|ferk ds izfr ,d LoLFk Hkkouk dk
fodkl] vkRefo'okl rFkk O;kolkf;d tkx:drk mRi dj ldsxhA
LFkwy :i ls O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dsoy fdlh ,d O;olk; VsM Nk=ksa esa #fp mRi dj Kku cks/k ,oa dkS'ky izkIr djus dh
vksj gh ugha vkdf"kZr djrh gS] oju~ blds vfrfjDr fuEufyf[kr mn~ns';ksa dh Hkh f'k{kk iznku djrh gS&
1&okrkoj.k rFkk okrkoj.k ds fodkl ds izfr tkx:drkA
2&oSKkfud rFkk rduhdh ifjorZuksa ds dkj.k okrkoj.k esa gksus okys ifjorZu ds izfr igys ls tkudkjh gksukA
3&vius lekt dh vko';drk rFkk fodkl ds ifjizs{; esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk thoui;ZUr f'k{kk ra= ds ,d va'k
ds :i esa le>ukA
O;kolkf;d f'k{kk Nk=ksa dks osruHkksxh vFkok Lojkstxkj nks izdkj ds O;olk;ksa ds fy;s rS;kj djrh gS fdUrq muesa ls
vf/kdka'k Nk= Lojkstxkj gsrq vius Lo;a ds izfr"Bkuksa dks LFkkfir djus esa vko';d vkRefo'okl dh deh j[krs gSa] tcfd bls
Lohdkj fd;k tkuk pkfg;s fd vkxkeh vkus okys o"kksZa ds dqN lkekftd rFkk vkfFkZd leL;kvksa dk lek/kku <w<+us esa Lojkstxkj dh
,d vko';d Hkwfedk gksxhA vr% ;g vko';d gS fd O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dks m|ferk fodkl dk;Zeksa }kjk Lojkstxkj ls tksMk+ tk;sA
vkt dh f'k{k.k laLFkk;sa rFkk lektlsoh laLFkkvksa dk izeq[k mn~ns'; Nk=ksa dks osruHkksxh jkstxkj ds fy;s rS;kj djuk gS
ftlds QyLo:i Nk=ksa esa jpukRed (Creativity)] yxu (Perseverance)] Lora=rk (Independence)] vUr%n`f"V
(Visions) ,oa uo&fuekZ.k dh izo`fk (Innerativeness) tks m|ferk fodkl ds izeq[k y{k.k gSa] mudks izksRlkgu ugha fey
ikrk gS] tcfd O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa }kjk vius O;olk; VsM ls lEcfU/kr m|ferk ds voljksa dk vkHkkl djuk]
Lojkstxkj ds f;k&dykiksa dh O;oLFkk djuk rFkk vius izfr"Bkuksa dks izHkkoh O;oLFkk djus esa izf'k{k.k fn;k tkuk gSA m|ferk
fodkl ds dk;Zeksa ds fof'k"V :i fuEuor~ gSa&
1 Nk=ksa esa osruHkksxh jkstxkj ds vfrfjDr fodYi ds :i esa m|ferk Lojkstxkj dh vuqHkwfr ,oa dYiuk djus
dh {kerk dk fodkl djukA
2 m|ferk Lojkstxkj izkjEHk djus gsrq izkRs lkfgr gksdj muesa Hkkouk rFkk {kerk;sa fodflr djuk tks Lojkstxkj
Hkfo"; dks izkjEHk djus rFkk mldh LFkkiuk djus ds fy;s vko';d gSA
3 m|ferk Lojkstxkj ds voljksa dks [kkst djus ds fy;s vUrnZ`f"V dk fodkl djukA
4&m|e lEcU/kh Lojkstxkj] lkgl dks laxfBr djus rFkk mls lQyrkiwoZd pykus gsrq Nk=ksa esa {kerk dk fodkl djukA
mi;qZDr mn~ns';ksa dks n`f"Vxr j[krs gq;s O;kolkf;d f'k{kk i<+us okys Nk=ksa ds fy;s lkekU; vk/kkfjd fo"k; ds vUrxZr
fuEufyf[kr nks izeq[k ?kVdksa dks j[kk x;k gS&
1 okrkoj.kh; f'k{kk rFkk xzkeh.k fodklA
2 m|ferk dk fodklA
lkekU; vk/kkfjr fo"k; gsrq fu/kkZfjr 15 izfr'kr le; esa ls 5 izfr'kr le; okrkoj.kh; f'k{kk rFkk xzkeh.k fodkl gsrq
rFkk 15 izfr'kr le; m|ferk ds fodkl gsrq fu/kkZfjr fd;k x;k gSA buds ikB~;eksa dk foLrkj vkxs fd;k tk jgk gSA
lkekU; vk/kkfjd fo"k; esa ipkl&ipkl vadksa ds nks iz'u&i= gksaxsA izR;sd iz'u&i= rhu ?kUVs ds gksaxsA

110

izFke iz'u&i= 50 vad


i;kZoj.kh; f'k{kk ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl
fodkl
d i;kZoj.kh; f'k{kk&
1 izk:fid i;kZoj.kh; leL;k;sa&
10
1&ouksa dk dkVk tkukA
2&ohjku dj nsukA
3&Hkw&L[kyuA
4&ty lzksrksa dk xkn tekuk ,oa lw[kukA
5&ufn;ksa ,oa >hyksa dk iznw"k.kA
6&fo"kSys inkFkZA
2 O;kolkf;d ladV&
10
1&laxBuh; tksf[kesa ladVA
2&vkStkj lEcU/kh tksf[kesaA
3&izf;k lEcU/kh tksf[kesaA
4&mRikn lEcU/kh tksf[kesaA
3 i;kZoj.kh; f;k dk;Z&
10
1&lzksrksa dk i;kZoj.kh; laj{k.k ,oa lqj{kkA
2&iznw"k.k fu;a=.k
3&i;kZoj.kh; iznw"k.k lEcU/kh fu;e ,oa 'krsZAa
4&vuqi;ksxh oLrqvksa dk fuLrkj.kA
5&okafNr izs"k.k ,oa LoPNrk laca/kh mik; vH;klA
6&LokLF; ykHk iqu% mi;ksx esa ykuk vkSj izfrLFkkiuA
7&ifjfLFkrdh; LokLF; ykHk] lkekftd ,oa d`f"k okfudhA
8&lkeqnkf;d f;k&dykiA
9&izd`fr ds rkyesy esa jguk ,oa i;kZoj.kh; vkpkj 'kkL=A
4 O;kolkf;d lqj{kk&
06
1&vfXu lqj{kkA
2&vkStkjksa vkSj lkefxz;ksa dk lqjf{kr iz;ksxA
3&iz;ksx'kkyk] dk;Z'kkyk vkSj dk;Z {ks= esa lqj{kk gsrq vko';d lko/kkfu;kaA
4&izkFkfed mipkjA
5&lqjf{kr izcU/kA
5 Hkkjrh; laLd`fr dk vfHkekU; rRo] i;kZoj.k] izd`fr vk/kkfjr thou O;oLFkkA
04
[k xzkeh.k fodkl&
1 leqnk; ds fy;s izkFkfed LokLF; ,oa lsokvksa dk izko/kku] LokLF; lqj{kk dk izko/kku] i;kZoj.k LoPNrk lQkbZ
dk lq/kkj] laked jksxksa] ekrk&f'k'kq lqj{kk ,oa fo|ky; LokLF; lsokvksa ij fu;a=.k ,u0 ih0 leqnk; esa okafNr LokLF;]
iks"k.k ,oa i;kZoj.k LoPNrk ds mik;ksa dk fodklA
06
2 xzkeh.k fodkl gsrq mRrjnk;h ek/;eksa dk vuqdwyhdj.k lefUor xzkeh.k fodkl dk;Ze dk y?kq d`"kd fodkl
,tsUlh] lhekUr fdlku fodkl ,tsUlh bR;kfnA
02
3 xzkeh.k m|ksxksa dk uohuhdj.k ,oa fodklA
02

111

f}rh; iz'u&i=
u&i= 50 vad
m|ferk fodkl
1&ifj;ks
10
1&ifj;kstuk fuekZ.k&
1&ifj;kstuk dh vk[;k rS;kj djus dh vko';drkA
2&ifj;kstuk dh vk[;k ds rRo pj.kA
3&fofu;ksx dh lEHkkoukvksa] mRiknu vkSj cktkj ds igyqvksa rFkk izcU/kdh; O;oLFkk dks /;ku esa j[krs gq;s ifj;kstuk ds
vkdkj dk fu/kkZj.kA
4&LFkku ,oa e'khu dk pqukoA
5&etnwj vkSj dPps eky dh vko';drkvksa dh ifj;kstuk esa okaNuh; lwpukvksa ds :i esa fu/kkZfjr djuk izfrn'kZ ;kstuk
vk[;kA
6&ifj;kstuk dh ykxr dk vuqeku yxkukA mRiknu dh ykxr dh vo/kkj.kk] dk;Zdkjh iwath dh vko';d vkSj ykHkka'k
rFkk lwph fu;a=.k dh ladYiukA
7&czsd&bou&fo'ys"k.k vkSj ykHkdkfjrk dh nj&
mi;ksx esa yk;s tkus dh {kerk dk lwpdA
jktLo fc; lwpdA
8&le; dk fu/kkZj.k] ifj;kstuk dk lapkyu vkSj rduhd dh leh{kk dk;Z fo'ys"k.kA
9&izk:fid ifj;kstuk dh vk[;kvksa dk v/;;u tSls miHkksDrk&lkexzh] iwath&lkexzh] lgk;d lkexzh vkSj lsok;saA
10&cSadksa vkSj vkfFkZd laLFkkvksa dh vko';drk;saA
11&ifj;kstuk dk ewY;kadu rduhd] vkfFkZd] fokh;] okf.kT; vkSj izcU/kdh; igywA
12&vH;kl l= leku izdkj ds mRiknkssa dh ifj;kstuk dh vk[;k ds fuekZ.k djus gsrq fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks vH;kl djuk
pkfg;sA
2&iz
06
2&izksRlkgu dh miyC/krk ,oa izf;kRed vko';drkvksa dh lgk;rk djuk&
1&NksVs&NksVs m|eksa dh lgk;rk djus ,oa mUgsa vkxs c<+kus gsrq laLFkkxr dk;ksZa dh Hkwfedk ,oa egRo dks le>ukA
2&lg;ksfx;ksa dk {ks= ,oa ykHk rFkk fofHk laLFkkvksa dh izsj.kknk;d dk;Z ;kstuk;saA
3&m|e esa lg;ksx djus okyh laLFkkvksa ds izkFkZuk&i=ksa dh :ijs[kk vkSj izf;k dks le>ukA
3&la
02
3&lalk/ku tqVkuk&
1&fof'k"V mRikn vko';drkvksa lfgr fok dPpk eky ,oa dk;ZdrkZ vkfn dks ,d= djukA
2&fof'k"V mRikn ds lEcU/k esa dk;Z dk fo'ys"k.k djukA
4&bdkbZ
06
4&bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk&
1&m|e LFkkfir djus gsrq izf;k;sa] dkuwuh vko';drk;saA
2&laLFkkvksa QeZ dk iathdj.kA
3&vkdkj] fLFkfr] [kkdk] lQkbZ] chek vkfnA
5&m|eks
08
5&m|eksa dk izcU/k&
U/k&
1&fu.kZ; nsuk&
1&leL;kvksa dks ifjHkkf"kr djuk] lwpuk ,d= djuk] lwpukvksa dk fo'ys"k.k djuk] fodYi dks igpkuuk ,oa
fodYi dk p;u djukA
2&fu.kZ; ysus dh izf;k ij ,d leL;kH;kl djukA

112

2&izcU/k dk lapkyu&
1&[kjhnnkjh djuk] lkexzh dh ;kstuk pykuk ,oa ,0th0lh0 vkSj bZ0vks0D;w0 dk fo'ys"k.k djukA
2&oLrqvksa dh fudklh fuxZeu ,oa Hk.Mkjksa dk ys[kk&tks[kk j[kukA
3&lkexzh dh miyC/krk ,oa fu;a=dA
4&xq.kokk fu;a=.k ,oa lapkyu dk fu;a=.kA
5&;kstuk ij fopkj&foe'kZ djuk ,oa ,d y?kq leL;k ds mnkgj.k gsrq le; fu/kkZfjr djukA
3&fokh; izcU/k&
6&ys
6&ys[kk&tks[kk vkSj cgh[kkrk

08

1&nksgjh izfof"V ds fl)kUr] cgh[kkrk dk ewy vfHkys[k] vfUre ys[kk&tks[kk ds lapkyu] fokh; dFkuksa dks
le>kukA
2&ykxr dh /kkj.kk] vizR;{k vkSj izR;{k rFkk lhekUr ykxrsa] ewY; fu/kkZj.kA
3&ctV rS;kj djuk vkSj fu;a=.k djukA
4&leL;k ds :i esa ,d y?kq bdkbZ dk eq[; ctV rS;kj djukA
5&dk;Z esa yxus okyh iwath dks izkIr djus gsrq fokh; leL;k;saA
4&cktkj izcU/k&
7&cktkj
7&cktkj izcU/k dh /kkj.kk

10

1&pkj vk/kkj&d mRikn] [k dher] x mfr] ?k HkkSfrd forj.kA


2&iSdst djuk iSdsftaxA
3&miHkksDRkvksa dh vko';drkvksa dks le>ukA
4&forj.k ds lzksr] ewy fc; ,tsUV] Fkksd fcsrk ,oa Hk.Mkjh forjdA
5&y?kq m|ksxksa ds iwjdksa gsrq ljdkjh ; izf;kA
6&fo; dh mfr vkSj foKkiu djukA
7&fo; dyk&,d vPNs fosrk dh fo'ks"krk;sa ,oa xzkgd ls mudk O;ogkjA
5&vkS|ksfxd lEcU/k ,oa dk;ZdrkZvksa dk izcU/k&
1&HkrhZ dh fof/k;ka ,oa izf;k;saA
2&etnwjh ,oa izsj.kk;saA
3&ewY; fu/kkZj.k ,oa izf'k{k.kA
4&fu;kstd ekfyd ,oa deZpkjh ds lEcU/kA
6&o`f) ,oa fodkl] vk/kqfudhdj.k ,oa fofo/krk&
1&o`f) dh /kkj.kk ,oa egRo] fodkl ,oa vk/kqfudhdj.k ds rjhdksa dh izkfIrA
2&y?kq O;olk; dh o`f) ,oa m|e dh leL;kvksa ij fopkj&foek'kZA
7&vkS|ksfxd LFkkuksa dk fujh{k.k ,oa ifj;kstuk dh vk[;k dk izLrqrhdj.kA
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha dh x;h gSA fo|ky; ds iz/kku lEcfU/kr fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds
vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u dj ysaA

113

O;kolkf;d /kkjkvksas VsMl~ dk ikB~;e


1 VsM&[kk| ,oa Qy laj{k.k
mn~ns';&
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Qy@[kk| vkS|ksxhdj.k }kjk ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkjh dks nwj djukA
vf/kd mit ls [kkus ds ckn cps gq;s Qy] lCth] nw/k] ekal] eNyh vkfn dk laj{k.k djukA
laj{k.k }kjk ikSf"Vd Qy rFkk [kk| inkFkksZa ds lsou ls Hkkstu esa ikSf"Vd rRoksa dh deh dks o"kZ Hkj iwjk djukA
lajf{kr Qy@[kk| inkFkksZa dh mi;ksfxrk c<+kdj ewY; fch djukA
;q) ;k izkd`frd vkinkvksa ds le; iSdsV rFkk fMCck cUn [kk| inkFkksZa dks lqyHk djkukA
Hkkjr esa vf/kd ik;s tkus okys Qy@[kk| inkFkksZa dks lajf{kr djds fons'kksa esa Hkstdj fch djds fons'kh eqnzk dekukA
fofHk ikSf"Vd Qy@[kk| inkFkksZa dk mi;ksx dj lUrqfyr vkgkj miyC/k djuk vkSj [kku&iku dh vknrksa esa lq/kkj

ykukA
8 Qy@[kk| laj{k.k rduhdh f'k{kk ds }kjk O;fDr;ksa esa n{krk ykukA
9 Qy@[kk| laj{k.k ls lEcfU/kr e'khuksa@midj.kksa dh tkudkjh ds ckn bu e'khu@midj.k fuekZrkvksa dks izksRlkgu
nsdj vizR;{k jkstxkj dks c<+kok nsukA
10 'kh?kz u"V gksus okys iksf"Vd Qy@[kk| inkFkksZa dk gzkl gksus ls cpkukA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1 Qy@[kk| laj{k.k bdkb;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2 Qy@[kk| laj{k.k esa n{krk izkIr djus ds ckn Nk= viuk futh O;olk; pyk ldrk gSA
3 lajf{kr Qy@[kk| inkFkksZa ds fuekZ.k esa iz;qDr gksus okyh e'khuksa@midj.kksa dk fc; dsUnz [kksyk tk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kaVs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
iw.kkZad
mkh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
ok ijh{kk
200
uksV&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa ds izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
&
izfr'kr mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
ifjj{k.k&fl)kUr ,oa fof/k;ka
1&ifjj{k.k ds ewy fl)kUr&
1 vLFkkbZ&,lsfIll] vknzZrk] ok;q viotZu vknzZrk] e`nq izfrjksf/k;ksa] ekse ysiu }kjk ifjj{k.k fof/k;ka
10
2 LFkk;h&"ek ifjj{k.k] lq[kkuk futZyhdj.k /kwi ,oa d`f=e futZyhdj.k] izfrjks/kh oLrq tSls
'kdZjk] yo.k] ,flfVd ,flM QesZUVs'ku] fgehdj.k ,oa fofdj.kA
10

114

3&jklk;fud 'kkL= ds ewy fl)kUr&ekM+] olk] 'kdZjk] izksVhu] Bksl] nzo] xSl dk lkekU; Kku] jklk;fud
ifjorZu] mRizsjd inkFkZ] vEy] {kkj ,oa ih ,p&ewY; rFkk jlkd"kZ.k rFkk ty fo'ys"k.k dk KkuA
4&[kk| la;ksxh&
1 jklk;fud ifjj{kd&ifjHkk"kk] iz;ksx ,oa lko/kkfu;ka lksfM;e csUtks,V] iksVSf'k;e esVk ckbZ
lYQkbV ;Fkk Hkkjr esa ifjj{kd iz;ksx djus dh lhekA
2 vU; la;ksxh tSls beYlhQk;j] dyfjax ,tsUV] LVscykbftax ,oa fFkdfuax ,tsUV] izks"kd izfriwjd]
ysoj] xje elkys vkfnA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
lw{e tho foKku
1 [kk| fo"kkDrrk&vo/kkj.kk fo"kkDrrk ds izdkj] ifj.kke&
d thok.kq fo"kkDrrk oksVwykbue] DykLVhfM;e] isjhQStsUl] LVsQkbyks dksdbZ] lkYeuyrk lae.k]
osflYl lsfj;l fo"kkDrrk ,oa jksdus ds mik; [kk| inkFkksZa dh lqj{kk] mfpr izlaLdj.k izfrjks/kh fo"k
nokvksa dk mi;ksx rFkk iz'khruA
2 vdkcZfud jklk;fud fo"kkDrrk&dkij] lhlk] fVu] ftad] ukbVkbV] dksckYV] iksVSf'k;e cksesV] dSMehFke
}kjk fo"kkDrrkA
3 fMCck cUn ,oa lajf{kr inkFkksZa ds [kjkc gksus ds dkj.k] izdkj ,oa cpkoA
4 fofHk izdkj ds lajf{kr [kk| inkFkks esa gksus okyh tSfod o vtSfod [kjkfc;ksa ds izdkj ,oa jksdFkkeA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
Qy@[kk|&izkslsflax ,oa xq.k fu;a=.k
1&fgehdj.k }kjk ehV@iksYVh ls cus mRiknksa dh ifjj{k.k fof/k;kaA
2&fofHk vapkj tSls ehV] eNyh] puk] e'k:e rFkk vU; Qy&lCth&ifjj{k.k fof/k;kaA
3&fMCckcUnh&ifjj{k.k fl)kUr rFkk ekal] eNyh] elkysnkj lCth] iqyko] jlxqYyk rFkk Qy tSl&s vke]
vukukl] uk'kikrh vkfn ,oa lCth tSl&s gjh eVj] puk eDdk] e'k:e vkfn fof/k;kaA
4&fofHk Qy] lCth tSls&vkaoyk] vaxwj] lsc] [kqckuh] vke] vkfn ,oa eVj] xksHkh] djsyk rFkk vukt ds
fufeZr inkFkZ fpIl] ikiM+] cjh] uwMYl ifjj{k.k fof/k;ka /kwi] d`f=e lk/kuksa }kjk lq[kkukA
5&fljdk&ifjHkk"kk] oxhZdj.k] fofHk izdkj ds fljdk] tfur fljdk ds fuekZ.k fl)kUr] fof/k;kaA
6&vU; vk/kqfud rduhd&
d fgehdj.k }kjk lCth rFkk [kk| inkFkZ&ifjj{k.k fof/k;kaA
[k lkUnzhdj.k ls Qyksa ds jlksa dk laj{k.k&fof/k;ka
x ,lsfIrax iSdsftax&Qyksa@lCth rFkk vU; [kk| inkFkZ dh ifjj{k.k fof/k;kaA
7&xq.kokk fu;a=.k&vkblhe] ,Q0ih0vks0 wV izksMDV vkMZj ih0,Q0,0 rFkk fo'o LokLF; laxBu
MCY;w0 ,p0 vks0 dk ekud xq.k fu;a=.k rduhdA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
[kk| iks"k.k ,oa LoPNrk
1&esuw Iykfuax&ijksls tkus okys O;fDr;ksa ds vuqlkj] ekSle ds vuqlkj miyC/k Qy@[kk| inkFkksZa ds vuqlkj]
f'k'kqvksa] /kk=h ekrk] o`) ,oa chekj O;fDr;ksa ds fy;s esuwIykfuaxA
2&iks"kd rRoksa dh deh rFkk o`f) ls gksus okys jksx&y{k.k ,oa fu;a=.kA
3&Qy@[kk| inkFkZ dh izkslsflax@rki dk ikSf"Vdrk ,oa foU;kl VsDlpj ij izHkkoA

10

10
20

20

10
20
10

10
10
10
10
05
10

20
10
10

115

4&LoPNrk&
d O;fDrxr LoPNrkA
[k Qy@[kk| izlaLdj.k m|ksx'kkykvksa ds LoPNrk ekud&Q'kZ] ty fudklh dk izcU/k] nhokj] Nr]
ykbZ izQ
w ] tkyhnkj njokts&f[kM+fd;kaA
5&iznw"k.k&izdkj] dkj.k] gkfu ,oa jksdus dk mik;] izn"w k.k fu;a=.k cksMZ dh HkwfedkA
iape iz'u&i=
Qy@[kk| laj{k.k iz;ksx'kkyk] foi.ku ,oa izlkj
1&foi.ku O;oLFkk&mRikn ds foi.ku dk ifjp;] iSdst ,oa iSdsftax ck.M] uke ,oa VsM ekdZ] mRiknu dh
dher fu/kkZj.k] Hk.Mkj Qy] lCth] v ls cus mRikn] ekal] eNyh] nw/k ,oa nw/k ls cus mRikn dk
Hk.Mkj.k] Hk.Mkj.k rjhds&'kq"d ,oa 'khr Hk.Mkj] forj.k O;oLFkk] fo; izorZu@lao)ZuA
2&foKkiu ,oa izlkj&foKkiu ek/;e lekpkj&i=] if=dk] esyk] izn'kZuh] jsfM;ks] Vh0oh0] flusek ,oa vU;
ek/;e tu LokLF; ,oa thou Lrj apk mBkus gsrq izlkj dk;Ze tSls cSBd] xks"Bh] izn'kZu] lewg ppkZ
dk vk;kstu dj tulewg ls lEidZ] LFkkiu fopkj&foe'kZ ,oa f'kf{kr djukA
3&Qy@[kk| ifjj{k.k dh leL;k;sa&mRiknu] fo; ,oa fu;kZr dh leL;k;sa ,oa fujkdj.k ds lq>koA Qy ,oa
[kk| laj{k.k m|ksxksa dks ljdkj }kjk nh tkus okyh lqfo/kk;sAa
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z
nh?kZ iz;ksx&
1&lq[kkdj&
1 fMgkbZMs'ku rFkk fMgkbZMVs j Mk;j dk KkuA
2 iz;ksx'kkyk esa fofHk Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa dks lq[kkukA
3 iz;ksx'kkyk esa Qy] lCth o vuktksa ds fpIl] ikiM+] cM+h] uwMYlA
4 iz;ksx'kkyk esa bMyh] Mkslk] <ksdyk] ikmMj cukukA
2&rki }kjk laj{k.k&

10

10

20

20
20

i fMCckcUnh dSfuax&
1 fMCck cUn djus dh e'khu fMDlh dSu lhej ds fofHk Hkkxksa dk KkuA
2 izs'kj dqdj fjVkZj dh dk;Z iz.kkyh ,oa lko/kkuh dk foLr`r KkuA
3 iz;ksx'kkyk esa ekSleh Qyksa dh fMCckcUnhA
4 iz;ksx'kkyk esa ekSleh lfCt;ksa dh fMCckcUnhA
5 iz;ksx'kkyk esa Nsus ds jlxqYys dh fMCckcUnhA
6 iz;ksx'kkyk esa ehV ekal] eNyh] Nksyk] iksyko ,oa elkysnkj lCth dh fMCckcUnhA
7 iz;ksxk'kkyk esa eVu] e'k:e dh fMCckcUnhA
8 iz;ksx'kkyk esa e'k:e djh dh fMCckcUnhA
ii ckVfyax&iz;ksx'kkyk esa eVj] gjk puk vkSj eDdk dh ckVfyaxA
3&dV vkmV fjiksVZ&
1 iz;ksx'kkyk esa mRikfnr tkj ,oa cksry esa lajf{kr inkFkZ dh dV vkmV fjiksVZA
2 iz;ksx'kkyk esa fMCckcUn inkFkksZa dh dV vkmV fjiksVZ] oSD;qe] izs'kj] xst] dSuVsLVj] lhe ijh{k.kA
4&fofHk fMCckcUn inkFkksZa dk bUD;wosVj }kjk bUD;wos'ku ,oa Hk.Mkj.k dk KkuA
5&m|ksx'kkyk vo'ks"k inkFkksZa ls ;ksX; inkFkZ fufeZr djuk tSls fljdk] tSe] VkQh] pVuh] uhacw iztkfr ds Qyksa ds fNydksa ls dSUMh]
lqxU/k ikmMj cukukA

116

y?kq iz;ksx&,d&
1&vEy] {kkj ds xq.k rFkk ih0,p0 eku dk KkuA
2&fofHk [kk| inkFkksZa ls Hk.Mkj.k ds le; esa gksus okys ifjorZu dk iz;ksxkRed KkuA
3&isDVhu dh ek=k Qy] lfCt;ksa ls Kkr djus ds fy;s isDVhu ijh{k.k dk KkuA
4&[kk| inkFkksZa ds fuekZ.k esa iz;Dq r inkFkksZa dh vuqekfur ek=k dk KkuA
5&[kk| inkFkksZa esa ued dh ek=k Kkr djukA
6&[kk| inkFkksZa esa lYQj MkbZ vkDlkbM dks Kkr djukA
7&[kk| inkFkksZa esa phuh dh ek=k Kkr djukA
y?kq iz;ksx&nks&
1 lw{e n'kZd ;U= dk iz;ksx] muds fofHk Hkkxksa dk KkuA
2 fefM;k dks rS;kj djukA
3 dYpj fefM;k cukukA
4 dYpj LFkkukUrj.k o bUD;qcsV djuk o thok.kqvksa dh dkyksuh cukuk] VekVj ds fofHk inkFkksZa esa QQwanh vkSj eksYM
dh la[;k Kkr djuk] buds fy;s ghekslkVsehVj dk iz;ksxA
5 LykbM cukus ds rjhds lkekU; jaxksa dk iz;ksxA
6 iz;ksx'kkyk esa [kehj bZLV QQwanh rFkk cSDVhfj;k esa vUrj dk ijh{k.kA
7 iz;ksx'kkyk esa [kehj bZLV QQwanh rFkk cSDVhfj;k dh LykbM cukukA
8 LFkkuh; m|ksx'kkyk dk fujh{k.k ,oa lkekU; KkuA
9 LFkkuh; iz;ksx'kkyk dh ;kstukvksa dk js[kkfp=] x`g Lrj bdkbZ] dkVst Lrj bdkbZ] y?kq Lrj bdkbZ] c`gn~ Lrj bdkbZA
10 iz;ksx'kkyk esa iz;qDr gksus okys midj.kksa] e'khuksa dh lwph o mudk ewY;A
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu
1 iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds fy;s fu/kkZfjr le;
N% ?kUVs izfrfnu lEiw.kZ ijh{kk nks fnuksa esa lEiw.kZ gksxh
2 vf/kdre vad
400 vad
3 U;wure mkh.kkZad
200 vad
v ok ijh{kk&&200 vad
N% ?kUVs izfrfnu&le;&ijh{kd le; foHkktu vius Lrj ls dj ysaA
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks rhu iz;ksx fn;s tk;saxs&
iz;ksx uEcj 1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
80 vad
iz;ksx uEcj 2 y?kq iz;ksx
40 vad
iz;ksx uEcj 3 y?kq iz;ksx
40 vad
ekSf[kdh okbok
40 vad
;ksx - - 200 vad
c lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&&200 vad
1 l=h; dk;Z 100 vad
d fo"k; v/;kid Nk= ds iwjs l= esa gq;s ekfld] =Sekfld]
Nekgh rFkk okf"kZd ijh{kkvksa esa Nk= dks n{krk ds vk/kkj
ij vad iznku djsaxsA
[k fo"k;k/;kid Nk= ds iwjs l= esa mlds }kjk rS;kj fd;s
x;s vfHkys[k dk ewY;kadu djds vad iznku djsxkA
2 dk;Z LFky ij ijh{k.k 100 vad
fo"k;k/;kid Nk= }kjk O;kogkfjd izf'k{k.k dky esa fd;s x;s
dk;Z tSls iz;ksxkRed iqfLrdk] pkVZ rFkk de ls de nl mRikn
ij vad iznku djsaxs ftls ok ijh{kd dks Hkh ijh{kk ds le;
fn[kk;k tk;sxkA

117

e&la[;k
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36

Qy ,oa [kk| laj{k.k esesa iz;ksx gksus okyh e'khu] lkt&lTtk midj.k dh lwph
e'khu@midj.k dk uke] fooj.k
ek=k@la[;k
2
3
dkmUVj cSysUl okV lfgr 10 fd0 {kerk
,Y;w0 Vki ofdZax Vscqy 62 3
gS.M dSu lhyj
kmu dkfdax e'khu] gSoh M~;Vw h gS.M vkijsVsM
fo|qr~ pkfyr iYij twfu;j ekWMy
lk/kkj.k twlj Vscqy ekWMy
dSfuax fjVkVZ 01A2 fMCcksa okyk
dSu VsLVj@ns; iEi
dSu dfVax e'khu
fjsDVksehVj 0&500] 50&850 jsat dk
MhgkbMsVj
ekbksLdksi
uhacw fupksM+] fgUMkfy;e Lime Squeezer
fczDl gkbMksehVj
tsy ehVj
FkekZehVj] QkjsugkbV tsyh ds fy;s
LVs0 LVhy Hkxksus e; <Ddu fofHk lkbt
LVs0 LVhy xzsVj
LVs0 LVhy csflu
LVs0 LVhy dkaVs
LVs0 LVhy ijQksjVs sM Liwu
LVs0 LVhy dfVax pkdw
LVs0 LVhy ihfyax pkdw
LVs0 LVhy fifVax@dksfjax pkdw
LVs0 LVhy ikbu,fiy dfVax pkdw
LVs0 LVhy Vh Liwu
LVs0 LVhy Vscqy Liwu
LVs0 LVhy dqfdax Liwu
LVs0 LVhy Xykl
LVs0 LVhy DokVZj@Qqy IysV
LVs0 LVhy pyuh
LVs0 LVhy ikbu,fiy iUp o dksjj
LVs0 LVhy ex
,Y;w0 Hkxksus e; <Ddu fofHk lkbt
fiUV xhtj bukesYM@IykfLVd 2 yhVj
dsfedy cSysUl

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 lsV 2 Nos.
1
1
6
1
1
4
6
2
3
1 ntZu
6
6
6
6+6
1
1 ntZu
6
6
3+3
3+3
2
1+12
1
6
2
1

vuqekfur ewY;
4
#0
1]500-00
8]000-00
20]000-00
1]500-00
15]000-00
1]000-00
3]000-00
250-00
200-00
1]900-00
3]000-00
7]000-00
150-00
200-00
100-00
600-00
2]400-00
300-00
780-00
160-00
240-00
100-00
100-00
250-00
350-00
240-00
450-00
1]800-00
150-00
1-00
1]600-00
200-00
50-00
6]400-00
130-00
1]500-00

118

37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
iz;ksx'kkyk

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

feDlh@xzkb.Mj
ikmp lhyj
yksgs dh vkjh
dSu ckMh fjQkeZj] ysUtj lfgr fo|qr~ pkfyr
wV ,s.M osthVscqy Lykblj
xSl Hkh@cuZj@pwYgk e; xSl
ih0 ,p0 ehVj
LVkso ihry ua0 2 ;k 3
yksgs dk iksLVy&ukVZj [kjy
vke dVj
QLVZ&,M&ckDl
ydM+h dk pEep dqfdax Liwu
ydM+h ds ySfMy yEcs gRFks dk
IykfLVd ckYVh
IykfLVd csflax
IykfLVd ex
midj.k&

1
1
1
1
1
1 lsV
1
4
1
1
1
5
6
4
3
3

2]000-00
1]560-00
70-00
35]000-00
1]500-00
12]500-00
4]700-00
2]500-00
100-00
100-00
500-00
100-00
300-00
400-00
50-00
50-00

vuqekfur ewY;
#0
6
600-00
6
300-00
6
300-00
6
300-00
-500-00
1 tksM+k
50-00
2
100-00
;ksx - - 2]1502]150-00

C;wjsV LVS.M lfgr


fiisV
chdj
ykLd
vU; ySc midj.k
jcj nLrkus ua0 10
tyh cSx

iz;ksx'kkyk esa iz;qDr gksus okys lqxa/k&


ckaM lse&Bush Co.
larjk lqxa/k
uhacw lqxa/k
lsc lqxa/k
vukukl lqxa/k
vke lqxa/k
dsoM+k lqxa/k
[kl lqxa/k
xqykc lqxa/k

1500 ml.
1500 ml.
1500 ml.
1500 ml.
1500 ml.
1500 ml.
1500 ml.
1500 ml.

vuqekfur ewY; #i;s


275-00
250-00
300-00
300-00
300-00
450-00
300-00
275-00
;ksx - 2]4502]450-00

119

iz;ksxs 'kkyk esa iz;qDr gksus okys jax&jlk;u&


[kk| jax&jlk;u] lqxU/k rFkk dkdZ
yky jax] lUrjk] vejUFk ;k LVkcsjh
ihyk jax] uhacw VkjVktku] lulsV ;yks
gjk jax] lsc gjk Bailliant Blue
Bush Boske Allen, India Ltd.
vuqekfur ewY; #i;s
192-00
4100 xzke

1 vejUFk] larjk yky] uhacw ihyk] lsc gjk


iksVSf'k;e esVk ckbZ lYQkbV

1500 xzke

200-00

lksfM;e csUtksV

1500 xzke

148-00

lkbfVd ,flM

11 fd0 xzke

150-00

,flfVd ,flM Xysfl;u

15 fd0 xzke

300-00

1445 xzke

200-00

kmu dkdZ PVC ykbfuax

;ksx - ekad

iqLrd dk uke

lUnHkZ iqLrdsa
ys[kd dk uke

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk

Qy&rjdkjh ifjj{k.k izkS|ksfxdh

[kk| laj{k.k] fl)kUr ,oa fof/k;ka

,l0 lnkf'ko uk;j


,oa gfj'pUnz 'kekZ
ch0 vkj0 oekZ

jktLFkku fgUnh xzUFk] vdkneh }kjk


fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] okjk.klh
fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] okjk.klh
pkSd
LokfLrd izdk'ku] vkxjk
lk/kuk ikWdsV cqd] fnYyh] forjd
fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] okjk.klh
izFke rFkk f}rh; Hkkx
dqDdk ifCyf'kax gkml] cM+kSr] esjB
rnso
fgUnh izpkjd laLFkku pkSd]
okjk.klh
rnso
rnso
fdrkc egy] bykgkckn

3
4

[kk| laj{k.k foKku


vpkj] pVuh vkSj eqjCck

Jherh e/kqcy
izdk'korh

5
6
7

tho jlk;u
tho jlk;u
O;kikfjd Qy&lCth ifjj{k.k

Mk0 lUr dqekj


Mk0 Vh0 ch0 flag
wl fgUnh :ikUrj

8
9
10

vkgkj ,oa iks"k.k foKku


vkgkj ,oa iks"k.k foKku
Qy ijh{k.k fl)kUr ,oa fof/k;ka

"kk V.Mu
foeyk oekZ
';ke lqUnj JhokLro

11

Qy laj{k.k izkS|ksfxdh

d`".k dkUr dksBkjh

jatuk izdk'ku efUnj] 12@13 lqbZ


dVjk] vkxjk

12

O;kogkfjd Qy] lCth ifjj{k.k

iusjke vk;Z ,oa Mk0


ine izdk'k jLrksxh

vuqokn ,oa izdk'ku funs'kky;]


xksfoUn cYyHk iUr d`f"k ,oa
izkS|ksfxdh fo'ofo|ky;] iUruxj

1]1901]190-00
ewY;
#0
43-00
50-00
12-50
10-00
12-50
8-50
25-00
20-00
25-00
25-00
50-00
1988
18-00
1990
24-00
1988

120

13

Qy laj{k.k izkS|ksfxdh

,l0 lnkf'ko uk;j

fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] pkSd]


okjk.klh

14

Qy rFkk rjdkjh ifjj{k.k izkS|ksfxdh

jktLFkku fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh]


t;iqj

15

fiztosZ'ku vkQ wV ,.M ostsVcs qy

,l0 lnkf'ko uk;j


,oa Mk0 gfj'kpUnz
'kekZ
fxj/kkjh yky ,.M
th0 ,y0 V.Mu

16

Qy laj{k.k izkS|ksfxdh

,p0 lh0 xqIrk ,oa


Mh0 ds0 xqIrk

fla?ky cqd fMiks] cM+kSr] esjB

17

Qy laj{k.k

,l0 ,e0 HkkVh

ch0 ds0 izdk'ku] cM+kSr] esjB

18

Fruit Culture
Instructronal-cumPractical Manual

19

bf.M;u dkmfUly vkQ ,xzhdYpj


fjlpZ bULVhV~;wV] ubZ fnYyh

48-00
1988
48-00
1987
15-00
1988
10-00
1988
10-00
1988
7-85
1988
8-45
1988
7-20
1988
7-82
1988

N.C.E.R.T.,
New Delhi

N.C.E.R.T.,
New Delhi

Fundamental of Fruit
Production Instructioncum-Practical Manual

,,

,,

8-45
1988

20

Vegetable Crops
Instruction-cum-Practical
Manual

,,

,,

7-20
1988

21

Fruit Veg. Preservation


Principal and Practicess

us'kuy cqd fMLVhC;wfVax da0] peu


Dr. R.P.
Srivastava and LVwfM;ks fcfYMax] pkjckx] y[ku
Sri Sanjeev
Kumar, Frazier
M. C. Hills

22

Fruit Microbiology

Frazier
M. C. Hills

2 VsM&ikd 'kkL= dqdjh


mn~ns';&
1
2
3
4

Hkkstu ls izkIr gksus okys ikSf"Vd rRoksa dk Kku djkukA


ekSle] vko';drk] vk; o ewY; ds vk/kkj ds vuqlkj ikSf"Vd Hkkstu cukus dh fof/k;ksa ls voxr djkukA
cktkj esa vklkuh ls fcd ldus okys O;atu cukus dh {kerk mRi djukA
jk"V ds fofHk Hkkxksa esa [kk;s tkus okys O;atuksa dh tkudkjh nsukA

190-00
1988

121

5 fofHk izdkj ds O;atu cukus dh fof/k;ksa ds vknku&iznku }kjk jk"Vh; ,drk dh Hkkouk tkx`r djukA
6 [kk| oLrqvksa ds lanw"k.k gksus ds dkj.kksa ls voxr djkukA
7 le; ds jpukRed lnqi;ksx dk cks/k djkukA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1 'kkdkgkjh Hkkstuky; LFkkfir fd;k tk ldrk gSA
2 ekalkgkjh Hkkstuky; LFkkfir fd;k tk ldrk gSA
3 fdlh gksVy esa ukSdjh dh tk ldrh gSA
4 ikd 'kkL= ds izf'k{k.k dsUnz LFkkfir dj mudk lapkyu fd;k tk ldrk gSA
5 ikd 'kkL= ls lEcfU/kr lkfgR; rFkk v|ru tkudkfj;ka nsus dk lUnHkZ dsUnz LFkkfir fd;k tk ldrk gSA
6 ikd 'kkL= ls lEcfU/kr vk/kqfud midj.kksa@la;a=ksa dk fc; dsUnz LFkkfir fd;k tk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
iw.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&
izFke iz'u&i=

mkh.kkZad

60

20

f}rh; iz'u&i=

60

20

r`rh; iz'u&i=

60

prqFkZ iz'u&i=

60

20

iape iz'u&i=

60

20

[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk

200

300

20

100

400
ok ijh{kk

200

200

uksV&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa
&
50 izfr'kr mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
x`g foKku dk lkekU;
lkekU; Kku
1&O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh vko';drk ,oa ykHk&
fodkl'khy Hkkjr dh vko';drk;sa] vkdka{kk;sa vkSj vis{kkvksa ds vuq:i f'k{kk O;oLFkk esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk
LFkkuA
jk"Vh; f'k{kk uhfr ds vuqlkj O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk egRo] O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ls Nk=] lekt ,oa ns'k dks ykHkA
lekt ds xq.kkRed lq/kkj dks lqfuf'pr djus gsrq iq#"k vkSj L=h nksuksa dk leku Hkkxhnkjh ls fu.kZ; ysus vkSj
fL=;ksa dks f'k{kk vkSj vkfFkZd LorU=rk ds voljA
jkstxkj <w<+us okys vkSj jkstxkj ds voljksa ds chp vlarqyu mRi djrh tula[;k o`f) dk KkuA
ekuo ewY; ds lkFk&lkFk ifjokj dh [kq'kh vkSj lekt dY;k.k gsrq Hkfo"; ds fy;s ekSfyd vkSj HkkokRed lqj{kk
dks lqn`<+ cukukA

20

122

2&LokLF;o/kZd Hkkstu dh tkudkjh&


20
Hkkstu ds fofHk rRo] mudh vko';drk] izkfIr ds lzksr vkSj deh ls gksus okys jksxA
thou ds fofHk voLFkk esa Hkkstu dh vko';drk] izdkj ,oa ek=k&f'k'kq] ckyd] L=h] iq#"k] o`)koLFkk] /kk=h eka]
jksxh] Jfed] fdlku vkfnA
3&vkRe fuHkZj cukdj O;olk; }kjk fd;s tkus okys Lojkstxkj ;k fofHk dk;Z {ks=ksa esa laoS/kkfud jkstxkjksa ds
voljksa dk Kku&
20
vius {ks= esa izkIr dPph oLrqvksa vkSj muds fufeZr inkFkksZa ftldk vU; LFkkuksa esa vf/kd ewY; vkfn dk KkuA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
[ikd
ikd 'kkL=Hkkx&1]
'kkL=Hkkx&1
1 [kkuk cukus dh fof/k;ka&mckyuk] Hkwuuk] ryuk] Hkki }kjk csfdax] fxzfyax] LVw;wbax] csftax] iksp rFkk ekal]
eNyh] lCth] v.Ms] pht ds lEcU/k esa budk fo'ks"k iz;ksx Lis'ky ,sIyhds'kuA
10
2 rS;kj inkFkZ dh lajpuk LVDpj vkQ QwM&QeZ o Dyksc] 'khV o dEcyh] gYdk o leku Litks] iysdh fpduk
LewFkA
10
3 ehuw Iykfuax&,d fnu dh] ,d lIrkg] fofHk voljksa ds fy;s tSls lkewfgd ehuw iSDM yap] dSUVhu vkfn ds
fy;sA
10
4 jlksbZ dh O;oLFkk&ns'kh 'kSyh] fons'kh 'kSyhA
10
5 nSfud vkgkj uk'rk] yap] fMuj&fofHk voLFkkvksa ds f y;s Hkkstu tSls f'k'kq] fo|kFkhZ] o;Ld] o`)] xHkkZoLFkk]
jksxhA
10
v Hkkjrh;&[kks;s dh cQhZ] ekyiqvk] pus dh nky dk gyqvk] ewax dh nky dk gyqvk] xqM+ o yM~Mw] vkVs dk
yM~Mw] [kks;s dk yM~Mw] xqf>;k] czsM jksy] lso] lS.Mfop] jksVh] lCth] [khj] lykn] jk;rk] pVuh] iqykoA
6 ik'pkR;&he vkQ dkuZ lwi] VkseSVks lwi] osDM] osthVscqy hEM iksVsVks] fLiusap lwiys] ikbZ fMlst] jf'k;u
lyknA
10
r`rh; iz'u&i=
[ikd
ikd 'kkL= Hkkx&2]
Hkkx&2
1 vksMks ;k {kq/kko/kZd inkFkZ&flaxy ,oa ,lhVsM lksMk] vkMks fMlstA
2 B.Ms lkl&fe;ksuht] gkysUMst rFkk dEikm.M cVlZA
3 est dh O;oLFkk rFkk Hkkstu ijkslukA
4 jlksbZ&txg dk p;u] fuekZ.k dkUlVD'ku] laokru osUVhys'ku] izdk'k dh O;oLFkk] ikuh fudkl dh O;oLFkkA
5 [kk|&inkFkksZa dk Hk.Mkj.k&
v 'kq"d Hk.Mkj.kA
c dksYM LVksjstA
l kstsu QwM LVksjst QwM dkfLVaxA
6 rS;kj fM'k dk ewY; fudkyukA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
deksfMVht
1 olk ,oa rsy&izdkj] dk;Z ikSf"Vd ewY; QSVl~ ,s.M vk;y izkfIr o nksuksa esa vUrjA
2 elkys Likbl xeZ ,oa B.Ms elkys] egRoA
3 'kdZjk lqxj&fofHk voLFkk;sa&pk'kuh] fofHk rkj dh lkV o gkMZ cky] tSyh phuh dSjes yA
4 ued&izkfIr] egRo] ykHk o iz;ksxA
5 xk<+kiu nsus okys inkFkZ&I;kt] vjkjksV] /kfu;k] ukfj;y] [kl[kl&iz;ksx o ykHkA

10
10
10
10
10

10

16
16
08
10
10

123

iape iz'u&i=
iks"k.k ,oa LokLF; foKku
v U;wVh'ku
1&Hkkstu dk ikpu vkSj vo'kks"k.k Digestion and AbsorbtionA
16
2&fofHk chekfj;ksa esa Hkkstu MkbV&
tSls&n; lEcU/kh jksx gkVZ fMthtsl] e/kqesg MkbZfcVht] vfrlkj Mk;fj;k] jDr pki CyM izs'kj ,oa ikpu
lEcU/kh vU; fodkj LVed fMlvkMZlZA
16
c gk;thu
3 Hkkstu fo"kkDrrk QwM Iok;tfuax&dkj.k] izdkj] cpko] y{k.kA
10
4 Hkkstu dk j[k&j[kko] Hk.Mkj.k&idkus ds nkSjku ,oa i'pkr~A
08
5 crZuksa dh /kqykbZ fM'k okf'kax& fMVtsZUV] LVhy] 'kh'ks] rkephuh] yksgs] ihry] ,Y;wfefu;e] ydM+h] eqjknkcknh
bR;kfnA
10
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
1&Hkkjrh; O;atu&
1 pkoy
fcj;kuh] 'kkgh iqyko] csthVscy iqyko] frjaxk iqyko] dksdksuV ;yks jkbl] ih xqykc eVjA
2 jksVh
iwM+h] dpkSM+h] Hkjok ijkBs] uku eqxybZ] ijkBk] jksVh vkfnA
3 lCth
csthVscy dksjek] dksrs] Hkjok lCth] [kks;k] iuhj] fofHk izdkj dh jlsnkj] lw[kh lCth] HkjrkA
4 jk;rk
cwanh] ykSdh] [khj] VekVj] iksnhuk] vkyw] cFkqvk] ddM+h] dsyk vkfnA
5 lykn
lykn dkVuk o ltkukA
6 is; inkFkZ
pk;] dkssYM o xeZ dkQh] vke dk iuk] yLlh] dkdVsyA
2&ik'pkR; O;atu&
1 lwi
he vke VkseSVks lwi] feDLM osthVsfcy lwi] ikyd dk lwi] nky ysfUVu lwiA
2 iqfMax
czsM cVj iqfMax] csDM dksdksuV iqfMax] wV dLVMZ] wV heA
3 uwfMYl
pkehuA
3&izkUrh;&
1 mkj Hkkjrh; <ksdykA
2 nf{k.k Hkkjrh; bMyh] ukfj;y pVuhA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk
v1 ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk fd;s tkus okys iz;ksx&
iz;ksx ua0 v uk'rs] yap ;k fMuj ds fy;s 5 ;k 6 fMlst dk ehuw rS;kj djukA
iz;ksx ua0 c fo'ks"k voljksa dk ehuw tSls tUe&fnu ikVhZ] R;ksgkj] fo'ks"k vfrfFk vkfn 6 vkbVeA
2 ijkslus dh dykA
3 O;atu dh izLrqfr o est dh O;oLFkkA
4 ekSf[kdA
5 iz;ksxkRed iqfLrdkA
c lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&
d l=h; dk;Z&
1&izkstsDV odZ&fjiksVZ vkSj fjdkMZ~lA

124

2&dk;Z&LFky ij izf'k{k.kA
Nk=kvksa dks o"kZ ds vUr esa ,d fo"k; ij izkstsDV fjiksVZ tek djuk gS tSls&
1&lks;kchu ls cus inkFkZA
2&iuhj ls cus inkFkZA
3&nky ls cus inkFkZA
4&vkyw ls cus inkFkZA
5&xsgwa] pus ls cus inkFkZ vkfnA
funsZ'k&
1&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq 10 ?kUVs le; fu/kkZfjr gSA
2&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk mkh.kZ gksus gsrq 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gSA
3&,d fnu esa vf/kd ls vf/kd 25 ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa }kjk gh ijh{kk lEi djkbZ tk;A
laLrqr iqLrdsa
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk
1
2

Hkkjrh; ,oa ik'pkR; ikd 'kkL=


lqJh vuqie pkSgku
dyk ds fl)kUr ,oa O;atu fof/k;ka
vkgkj ,oa iks"k.k foKku
Jherh "kk V.Mu

3
4
5

ikd 'kkL=
ekMZu dqdjh 1 ,a.M 2
lqxe ikd foKku

----

fgUnh izpkjd laLFkku pkSd] okjk.klh


LokfLrd izdk'ku ,oa iqLrd fosrk] vLirky
ekxZ] vkxjk
;qfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku
]]
Hkkjr izdk'ku efUnj] tkek efLtn] esjB

ewY;
#0
100-00
25-00
21-00
130-00
25-00

3 VMs &ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk


mn~ns';&
1 fofHk izdkj ds oL=ksa dks cktkj esa miyC/k djkukA
2 fofHk vk;q oxksZa gsrq oL=ksa dk pquko djukA
3 izpfyr QS'ku dk fo'ys"k.k dj Hkfo"; ds QS'ku dks cukukA
4 fofHk izdkj dh fMtkbuksa ds dkS'ky dk fodkl djukA
5 vk/kqfud QS'kuksa ds vk/kkj ij fofHk izdkj ds vkjkenk;d] U;wure dher] fofHk vk;q oxZ ds fy;s oL=ksa dks cukukA
6 Nk=&Nk=kvksa esa fofHk izdkj ds fufeZr lqUnj oL=ksa ds fy;s iz'kalk dh Hkkouk dk fodkl djukA
7 oL= m|ksx esa jkstxkj izkfIr gsrq tkx:drk dk fodkl djukA
8 oL= m|ksx gsrq Lojkstxkj ,oa jkstxkj lEcU/kh tkudkjh nsukA
9 oL= m|ksx ds fy;s vk/kqfud midj.kksa ls Nk=ksa dks ifjfpr djkukA
10 le;] 'kfDr vkSj lkexzh dk vf/kdre mi;ksx djukA
11 Nk=ksa esa Vhe odZ ds fy;s dk;Z djus dh vknrsa vkSj uSfrdrk dk fodkl djukA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1 ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk ds fdlh dkj[kkus@izfr"Bku vFkok nqdku esa jkstxkj ik ldrk gSA
2 ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk ds {ks= esa v|ru jsMhesM oL=ksa ds fuekZ.k dk;Z esa Lojkstxkj izkjEHk dj ldrk gSA

125

3
4
5
6
7
8

gksy lsy rFkk fjVsy lsy dk O;olk; pyk ldrk gSA


ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk esa futh izf'k{k.k dsUnz pyk ldrk gSA
ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk gsrq vko';d ;a=ksa] midj.kksa ,oa lkefxz;ksa dh vkiwfrZ djus dk Lojkstxkj pyk ldrk gSA
ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk ls lEcfU/kr ;a=ksa@midj.kksa ds ejEer gsrq odZ'kki pyk ldrk gSA
;wfuQkeZ rS;kj djus gsrq odZ'kki LFkkfir djukA
fofHk dq'ky Jfedksa dks jkstxkj fnykuk] tSls VsM fMtkbu] Ldstj] e'khu vkijsVj] fQfu'k iSVuZ esdj vkfnA

ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk %
iw.kkZad
mkh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
ok ijh{kk
200
uksV&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa ds izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa
&
50 izfr'kr mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
x`g foKku dk lkekU; Kku
1&O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh vko';drk ,oa ykHk&
20 vad
fodkl'khy Hkkjr dh vko';drk;sa] vkdka{kkvksa vkSj vis{kkvksa ds vuq:i f'k{kk O;oLFkk esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk
dk LFkkuA
jk"Vh; f'k{kk uhfr ds vuqlkj O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk egRoA
O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ls Nk=] lekt ,oa ns'k dks ykHkA
lekt ds xq.kkRed lq/kkj dks lqfuf'pr djus gsrq iq#"k vkSj L=h nksuksa leku Hkkxhnkjh ls fu.kZ; ysus vkSj
fL=;ksa dks f'k{kk vkSj vkfFkZd Lora=rk ds voljA
jkstxkj <w<+us okys vkSj jkstxkj ds voljksa ds chp vlarqyu mRiUu djrh tula[;k o`f) dk KkuA
ekuo ewY; ds lkFk&lkFk ifjokj dh [kq'kh vkSj lekt dY;k.k gsrq Hkfo"; ds fy, ekSfyd vkSj HkkoukRed
lqj{kk dh lqn`<+ cukukA
2 LokLF;o/kZd Hkkstu dh tkudkjh&
20 vad
Hkkstu ds fofHk rRo] mudh vko';drk] izkfIr ds lzksr vkSj deh ls gksus okys jksxA
thou ds fofHk voLFkk esa Hkkstu dh vko';drk] izdkj ,oa ek=k&f'k'kq] ckyd] L=h] iq#"k] o`)koLFkk] xHkkZoLFkk]
/kk=h eka] jksxh] Jfed] fdlku vkfnA
3 vkRe fuHkZj cukdj O;olk; }kjk fd;s tkus okys Lojkstxkj ;k fofHk dk;Z] {ks=ksa esa loSrfud jkstxkjksa ds voljksa
dk Kku&
20 vad
vius {ks= esa izkIr dPph oLrq vkSj muls fufEkZr inkFkksZa ftudk vU; LFkkuksas esa vf/kd ewY; vkfn dk KkuA

126

f}rh; iz'u&i=
rUrqvksa dk Kku
1 rUrqvksa dk oxhZdj.k&
12 vad
izkd`frd rUrq&lwrh] js'keh] uhA
2 rUrqvksa ij fofHk rRoksa dk izHkko&ikuh] nw/k] rki vkx rFkk jklk;fud inkFkZ {kkj] vEyA
08 vad
3 flykbZ ;ksX; oL=] mudh fo'ks"krk;s]a oL= flyus ds iwoZ rS;kfj;ka fJax djuk] izls djuk vkfnA
20 vad
4 flykbZ esa dke vkus okyh oLrqvksa dk Kku&baphVsi] xqfu;k] feYVu] pkd] vaxqLrkuk rFkk fofHk izdkj dh dSfp;ka
vkfnA
20 vad
r`rh; iz'u&i=
flykbZ ds fl)kUr
Hkkx&1
1 dq'ky Vsyj vkSj dVj cuus ds fy;s ;ksX;rk;saA
20 vad
2 oL= fuekZ.k ds fl)kUr&
20 vad
[d] psLV flLVe uke }kjk oL= fuekZ.kA
[[k] lh/ks flLVe uke }kjk oL= fuekZ.kA
3 lkekU; dU/kk] >qdk gqvk dU/kk] apk dU/kk] lkekU; rFkk vlkekU; O;fDr;ksa dh ukisa] rksafny] dwcM+ 'kjhj okys O;fDr
vkfnA
20 vad
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
flykbZ ds fl)kUr
Hkkx nks
1 fofHkUu izdkj ds oL=ksa dks dkVrs ,oa flyrs le; lko/kkfu;ka dkVu] e[key] uk;yku] uh oL=A
20 vad
2 vk;q ekSle] fo'ks"k voljksa ,oa lkekU; voljksa ij iguus okys oL=ksa ls pquko dk KkuA
20 vad
3 flykbZ f;k esa iz;ksx vkus okys 'kCnksa dk KkuA
20 vad
fVfeax] fxnjh gkyk] MkbZ] fxjg] Vsi] IyhV] rkcht] dqVdk] ys] LdsYVu] osfLVax] pksa Vk;y vkfnA
iape iz'u&i=
ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk
1 fofHkUu izdkj dh vkLRhusa] tscksa esa uewuksa dk Kku rFkk cVu] gqd] bykfLVd rFkk fxzi yxkus dk KkuA
26 vad
2 fofHkUu MkV~lZ] IysVl~ ] pqUuVsa vkSj flykb;ksa dk KkuA
24 vad
3 ifj/kku jpuk esa fQfVax] fQfuf'kax] izsflax ,oa QksfYMax dk egRo rFkk mijksDr f;kvksa dk KkuA
10 vad
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iz;ksxkRed f;k&dyki
d
1 ,izsu] csch rfd;k] csch pknj] csch CySadsV ,oa fcNkus dh xn~nhA
2 dSfjax cSx] csch ckVy dojA
uksV&&mijks
&& Dr oL=ksa dks dkV dj flyuk ,oa flys oL=ksa dh lTtk djukA
[k
f'k'kqvksa ds iz;ksx esa vkus okys oL=&&
1 >cyk] 'kehtA
2 csch kdA
3 Vksih] ekstk cqVhtA
uksV&&mijks
&& Dr oLrqvksa ds js[kkfp= cukuk] dkVdj flyuk ,oa flys oL=ksa dh lTtk djukA

127

x
ckyd ,oa ckfydkvksa ds oL=&&
1 LdVZ VkiA
2 lyokj] dqrkZA
3 pwM+hnkj iStkekA
4 caxyk dqrkZ ckyd ,oa ckfydkvksa gsrqA
uksV&&mijks
&& Dr oL=ksa dk js[kkfp= cukuk] oL= dkVuk] flyuk ,oa lTtk djukA
?k
efgykvksa ds oL=&&
1 Cykmt
2 isVhdksV
3 ukbVh
uksV&&mijks
&& Dr ifj/kkuksa dk js[kkfp= cukuk] dkVuk ,oa flykbZ ds lkFk flys oL=ksa dh lTtk djukA
fVIi.kh&&iz
fVIi.kh&& ;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gksxkA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dk Lo:i
d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&&
1 okg~; ijh{kk %
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks pkj iz;ksx fn;s tk;a %
iz;ksx ua0 1 cM+k iz;ksxA
iz;ksx ua0 2 cM+k iz;ksxA
iz;ksx ua0 3 NksVk iz;ksxA
iz;ksx ua0 4 NksVk iz;ksxA
2 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&&
d l=h; dk;Z flys ifj/kku ,oa fjdkM~lZA
[k dk;ZLFky ij izf'k{k.kA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
1

iqLrd dk uke
2

ys[kd dk uke
3

ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk

Jherh bUnzthr dkSj foUnzk

2
3

ifj/kku jpuk ,oa lTtk


izkS|ksfxd x`g foKku

LihMyh gkse ,s.M dkef'kZ;y


Vsyfjax dkslZ
dfVax ,s.M Vsyfjax ikVZ 1

Jherh bUnzthr dkSj foUnzk


Mk0 izfeyk oekZ ,oa
Mk0 dkfUr ik.Ms;
&&

&&

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk


4

ewY;
5
#i;k
30-00

LokfLrd izdk'ku ,oa iqLrd fosrk]


vLirky ekxZ] vkxjk
Hkkjr izdk'ku efUnj] esjB
fgUnh izpkjd laLFkku] pkSd] okjk.klh

18-00
70-00

;wfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku

40-00

rnso

30-25

128

4 VsM&&/kqykbZ rFkk jaxkbZ


mn~ns';&&
1 /kqykbZ ,oa jaxkbZ dks O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ds izfr #fp] vkRefo'okl ,oa voLFkk mRiUu djds Lo;a vtZu djus dh {kerk
mRiUu djukA
2 fofHkUu izdkj ds rUrqvksa dh fo'ks"krk;sa] cukoV] cqukbZ dh tkudkjh nsrs gq;s oL=ksa dh /kqykbZ ,oa jaxkbZ rFkk lqj{kk dk
i;kZIr Kku nsukA
3 /kqykbZ ,oa jaxkbZ ls vk/kqfud midj.kksa ds iz;ksx }kjk le;] Je ,oa /ku dh cpr dk Kku nsukA
4 fofHkUu vk;q] oxZ ,oa vk;q ds vk/kkj ij oL=ksa rFkk jaxksa ds p;u dk Kku nsukA
5 cktkj ls lEidZ LFkkfir djus dk dkS'ky ,oa vk/kqfudhdj.k dk Kku djkdj fufeZr oLrqvksa dk mfpr forj.k djus
dk Kku nsukA
jkstxkj ds volj&&
1 MkbZ DyhulZ dsUnz LFkkfir fd;s tk ldrs gSaA
2 /kqykbZ rFkk jaxkbZ izf'k{k.k dsUnz LFkkfir fd;s tk ldrs gSaA
3 jaxlkt Lor% jkstxkj dj ldrk gSA
4 fdlh dkj[kkus@izfr"Bku vFkok nqdku esa dke dj ldrk gSA
5 /kqykbZ rFkk jaxkbZ gsrq vko';d ;U=ksa] NikbZ] midj.kksa] fofHkUu izdkj ds jaxksa ,oa lkefxz;ksa dh vkiwfrZ djus dk
Lo&jkstxkj pyk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&&
;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
x`g foKku dk lkekU; Kku
1 O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh vko';drk ,oa ykHk&&
20
fodkl'khy Hkkjr dh vko';drkvksa] vkadk{kkvksa vkSj vis{kkvksa ds vuq:i f'k{kk O;oLFkk esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk
LFkkuA
jk"Vh; f'k{kk uhfr ds vuqlkj O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk egRoA O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ls Nk=] lekt o ns'k dks ykHkA

129

lekt ds xq.kkRed lq/kkj dks lqfuf'pr djus gsrq iq#"k vkSj L=h nksuksa leku Hkkxhnkjh ls fu.kZ; ysus vkSj fL=;ksa dh
f'k{kk vkSj vkfFkZd LorU=rk ds voljA
jkstxkj <wa<+us okys vkSj jkstxkj ds voljksa ds chp vlUrqyu mRiUu djrh tula[;k o`f+) dk KkuA
ekuo ewY; ds lkFk&lkFk ifjokj dh [kq'kh vkSj lekt dY;k.k gsrq Hkfo"; ds fy;s ekSfyd vkSj HkkokRed lqj{kk dks
lqn`<+ cukukA
2 LokLF;o/kZd Hkkstu dh tkudkjh&&

20

Hkkstu ds fofHkUu rRo] mudh vko';drk] izkfIr ds lzksr vkSj deh ls gksus okys jksxA
thou ds fofHkUu voLFkk esa Hkkstu dh vko';drk] izdkj ,oa ek=k&&f'k'kq] ckyd] L=h] iq#"k] o`)koLFkk] xHkkZoLFkk]
/kk=h eka] jksxh] Jfed] fdlku vkfnA
Kku&&

3 vkRe fuHkZj cukdj O;olk; }kjk fd;s tkus okys Lojkstxkj ;k fofHkUu dk;Z {ks=ksa esa loSrfud jkstxkj ds voljksa dk
20
vius {ks= esa izkIr dPph oLrqvksa vkSj muls fufeZr inkFkksZa] ftudk vU; LFkkuksa esa ewY; vkfn dk KkuA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
fuekZ
oL= fu
ekZ.k ,oa rUrq
1 fofHkUu /kkxksa dk Kku&&lwrh] js'keh] uh] d`f=eA

12

2 fofHkUu diM+ksa dk Kku&&lwrh] js'keh] uh] d`f=eA

12

3 fofHkUu MkbZ jax dk fofHkUu diM+s gsrq vko';drkA

16

4 oL= jlk;u vkSj rUrq foKku dk lkekU; KkuA

10

5 diM+sa dh fQfuf'kax djuk&&

10

ekbfuax] LVsfpax] Cyhfpax] pjdA


r`rh; iz'u&i=
/kqykbZ rduhd
1 fofHkUu izdkj ds oL=ksa dh lk/kkj.k /kqykbZ ds fu;e&&

10

d lwrh&&jaxhu ,oa lQsn dPps ,oa iDds jaxA


[k js'keh&&lQsn ,oa jaxhu dPps ,oa iDds jaxA
x uh&&lQsn ,oa jaxhu dPps ,oa iDds jaxA
?k d`f=e&&lQsn ,oa jaxhu dPps ,oa iDds jaxA
2 lw[kh /kqykbZ rduhd] midj.kA

08

3 lw[kh /kqykbZ esa dke vkus okys iEi ,oa e'khuA

06

4 lw[kh /kqykbZ }kjk oL=ksa dks rS;kj djukA

10

5 fofHkUu izdkj ds DyQ&&

06

vkjkjksV] lkcwnkuk] eSnk] pkoy] vkyw] xksan] pjdA


6 uhy rS;kj djuk ,oa yxkuk rFkk bL=h djukA

08

7 fofHkUu izdkj ds /kCcs feVkuk&&

06

pk;] dkQh] pkdysV] ?kkl] gYnh] tSd] jDr] e'khu dk rsy] dkfy[k] L;kgh] isUV] iku] v.MkA
8 tfcZy okVj] vkDtsfyd ,flM] pksdj dk ikuh] lksi tSyh] lQZ rFkk lkcqu cukukA

06

130

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
jaxkbZ rduhd
1 fofHkUu izdkj ds jax dk v/;;u ,oa jaxksa dk diM+ksa ij izHkko vkSj jaxksa dk LFkkf;RoA
[d] U;w My Mkbl jaxA
[[k] ,flM Mkbl jaxA
[x] izkjfEHkd vkSj Mk;jsDV jaxA
[?k] ckV Mkbl jaxA
[] fjisfVo Mkbl jaxA
[p] usIFkku Mkbl jaxA
[N] ekMsUM Mkbl jaxA
[t] fefujy Mkbl jaxA
2 lwrh diM+s ds jax vkSj jaxus dh fofHkUu rduhdA
3 js'keh diM+s dk jax vkSj jaxus dh rduhdA
4 uh diM+s ds jax vkSj jaxus dh rduhdA
5 flUFkSfVd diM+s ds jax vkSj jaxus dh rduhdA
6 jaxkbZ ds ckn diM+s dh fQfuf'kaxA
iape iz'u&i=
/kqykbZ&jaxkbZ dk izcU/k
1 m|ksx vkSj lektA
2 jaxkbZ&/kqykbZ bdkbZ dh :i&js[kk cukus dk KkuA
3 jaxkbZ&/kqykbZ bdkbZ esa 'ksM dkMZ dk LFkkuA
4 jaxkbZ&/kqykbZ }kjk NksVs jkstxkjA
5 jaxkbZ&/kqykbZ bdkbZ dks lQy cukus gsrq eq[; vko';d lq>koA
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iz;ksxkRed f;k&dyki
d
1 mi;qZDr rUrq vkSj /kkxs ds laxgz dk dykRed 'kSyh esa Qkby cukukA
2 fofHkUu izdkj ds oL= ,oa 'ksM dkMZ dks laxzghr djds izkstsDV dk;Z djukA
[k
1 uhy yxkuk] dyQ yxkuk] lkcqu cukuk] lksi&tSyh] vkDtsfyd ,flM] tSfoy okVj rS;kj djukA
2 fofHkUu izdkj ds jQw vkSj ejEer djukA
3 dPps jax vkSj iDds jax dks /kksus dh rduhdA
4 lw[kh /kqykbZ&&
cukjlh o tjh okys diM+s] js'keh vkSj d<+s ,oa cus gq;s diM+s] uh dksV] dEcy] njh] dkyhu] 'kky]
5 nkx NqM+kuk ,oa pjd p<+kuk ,oa rg yxkukA
6 nkx&&pk;] dkQh] gYnh] tad] jDr] e'khu dk rsy] dkfy[k@L;kgh] isUV] v.Mk] iku] bR;kfnA
x
1 fofHkUu diM+ksa dks jaxuk&&
d lwrh&&
ekjdhu] ok;y] eyey] dsfEczd] [kknh] okf'kax 'khV] ikiyhu] :fc;kA

20

08
08
08
08
08

12
12
12
12
12

LosVjA

131

[k js'keh&&
js'keh /kkxs] lkVu] 'kq) js'ke ds diM+sA
x uh&&
'kq) u] uk;yku] dSf'eykuA
?k d`f=e oL=&&
VsjhdkV] Vsjh :fc;k] uk;yksu] ikfy,LVj] d`f=e js'ke izR;sd Mkbl esa Nk=kvksa dks Lo;a lkexzh cukuh gSA
2 fofHkUu 'ksM dkMZ dSVykx dk fuekZ.k&&
d dkVu 'ksM dkMZA
[k flYd 'ksM dkMZA
x d`f=e 'ksM dkMZA
izR;sd 'ksM dkMZ esa gYds jaxksa ds nl VksUl vkSj xgjs jax ds nl VksUl rS;kj djsaA
?k
1 jaxkbZ&/kqykbZ dh fofHkUu bdkb;ksa esa Hkze.k djuk ,oa ml ij izkstsDV dk;Z fn[kkukA
2 kV f'kYi }kjk jaxkbZ&/kqykbZ bdkbZ dk izn'kZuA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :i&js[kk&&
1&&okg~; ijh{k.k&&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks pkj iz;ksx fn;s tk;sxa s&&
1 /kqykbZ cM+k iz;ksx]
2 jaxkbZ cM+k iz;ksx]
3 oL= fuekZ.k ,oa rUrq]
4 jaxkbZ&/kqykbZ bdkbZ dk izcU/k]
5 ekSf[kdA
2&&lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&&
d l=h; dk;Z]
[k dk;Z LFky ij izf'k{k.kA
uksV&&1
&& iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gksxkA
2 iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq 10 ?k.Vs dk le; fu/kkZfjr gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
1

iqLrd dk uke
2

ys[kd dk uke
3

oL= foKku ,oa ifj/kku

izfeyk oekZ

oL= foKku ,oa /kqykbZ dk;Z

Jh vkuUn 'kekZ

oL= foKku ,oa ifj/kku

uhjtk ;kno

oL= foKku dh :ijs[kk

Jherh yksds'ojh 'kekZ

oL= /kqykbZ foKku

Jherh yksds'ojh 'kekZ

izdk'kd dk uke rFkk irk


4
izdk'kd&fcgkj fgUnh xazFkh vdkneh]
iVuk] forjd fo'ofo|ky;] izdk'ku
fjlpZ ifCyds'kUl] t;iqj&&2]
forjd&&fo'ofo|ky;] izdk'ku
lkfgR;
izdk'ku]
vkxjk]
forjd&&fo'ofo|ky;] izdk'ku
LokfLrd izdk'ku] vLirky ekxZ]
vkxjk&&3
;wfuolZy cqd lsyj] gtjrxat]
y[ku

ewY;
5
#i;k
55-00
40-00
25-00
15-00
33-00

132

5 VsM&&csfdax rFkk dUQsD'kujh


mn~ns';&&
1 cks/k djkuk fd lkekU;r% uk'rs esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys fcLdqV rFkk dsd vkfn ljyrk ls dqVhj m|ksx LFkkfir dj
?kj ij gh cuk;s tk ldrs gSaA
2 de iwath esa csfdax] dUQsD'kujh m|ksx LFkkfir djus ds dkS'ky dk fodkl djukA
3 fcLdqV] dsd] isLVh] ikojksVh vkfn cukus dk dkS'ky fodflr djukA
4 tkudkjh nsuk fd csfdax dUQsD'kujh m|ksx ,sls mRre [kk| inkFkZ dk fuekZ.k djrk gS tks lkeU; ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa
czsdQkLV ds :i esa iz;qDr gksrk gh gS] izkd`frd vkinkvksa ds le; rS;kj yap iSdsVl~ ds :i esa Hkh miyC/k djk;k tkrk gSA
5 tkudkjh nsuk fd mfpr <ax ls rS;kj fd;k x;k fcLdqV ;fn lgh <ax ls iSfdax dj lhyu;qDr LFkku ij lqjf{kr
fd;k tk; rks og i;kZIr le; rd [kkus ;ksX; jg ldrk gSA
jkstxkj ds volj&&
1 csfdax dUQsD'kujh m|ksx esa ukSdjh fey ldrh gSA
2 csfdax dUQsD'kujh m|ksx dk dqVhj m|ksx LFkkfir dj Lojkstxkj fd;k tk ldrk gSA
3 csfdax dUQsD'kujh gsrq dPps eky ds ;&fo; dk /kU/kk pyk;k tk ldrk gSA
4 fcLdqV] dsd] isLVh] ikojksVh vkfn dk gksylsy fjVsy lsy dk O;olk; pyk;k tk ldrk gSA
5 csfdax dUQsD'kujh m|ksx dk izf'k{k.k dsUnz LFkkfir fd;k tk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
&&
esa 50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i= x`g fOkKku dk lkekU; Kku
1 O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh vko';drk ,oa ykHk&&
20
fodkl'khy Hkkjr dh vko';drk;sa] vkdka{kk;sa vkSj vis{kkvksa ds vuq:i f'k{kk O;oLFkk esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk
LFkkuA
jk"Vh; f'k{kk uhfr ds vuqlkj O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk egRoA
O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ls Nk=] lekt ,oa ns'k dks ykHkA
lekt ds xq.kkRed lq/kkj dks lqfuf'pr djus gsrq iq#"k vkSj L=h nksuksa leku Hkkxhnkjh ds fu.kZ; ysus vkSj fL=;ksa dh f'k{kk
vkSj vkfFkZd LorU=rk ds voljA jkstxkj <w<+us okys vkSj jkstxkj ds voljksa ds chp vlUrqyu mRiUu djrh tula[;k o`f) dk
KkuA ekuo ewY; ds lkFk&lkFk ifjokj dh [kq'kh vkSj lekt dY;k.k gsrq Hkfo"; ds fy, ekSfyd vkSj HkkoukRed lqj{kk dks lqn`<+
cukukA

133

2 LokLF; o/kZd Hkkstu dh tkudkjh&&


20
Hkkstu ls fofHkUu rRo] mudh vko';drk] izkfIr ds lzksr vkSj deh ls gksus okys jksxA
thou ds fofHkUu voLFkk esa Hkkstu dh vko';drk] izdkj ,oa ek=k] f'k'kq] ckyd] L=h] iq#"k] o`)koLFkk] xHkkZoLFkk]
/kk=h ek] jksxh] Jfed] fdlku vkfnA
3 vkRefuHkZj cukdj O;olk; }kjk fd;s tkus okys Lojkstxkj ;k fofHkUu dk;Z {ks=ksa esa lkoZtfud jkstxkjksa ds voljksa
dk KkuA vius {ks= esa izkIr dPph oLrqvksa vkSj muls fufeZr inkFkksZa ftldk vU; LFkkuksa esa vf/kd ewY; vkfn dk KkuA 20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
izkjfEHkd csfdax
1 [kk|kUu&&xsgw dh ljapuk&&xsgw mRiknd eq[; ns'k&&xsgw ds fof'k"V xq.kA
12
2 ihluk fefyax&&ihlus dh fofo/k izf;k dk foLr`r fooj.k&&jksyj feDl o LVksu feYl dh f;kRed fo'ks"krk;sAa 12
3 czsM cukus dh fofo/k fof/k;ka&&
12
[1] LVsMh fof/k]
[2] lkYV fMtkbu fof/k]
[3] uks Vkbe fof/kA
[4] Liat dh fof/k]
4 cszsM cukus dh izf;k;sa&&
24
[1] QqykbZ QkjesV]
[2] fefDlax]
[3] eksfMay] uhfMax]
[4] izFke Qkjesusjs'ku]
[5] iafpaxA
[6] fMokbfMax ,.M jkmfMax]
[7] b.VjehfM,V izwQ]
[8] eksfYaMx ,oa iSfuax]
[9] izwfQax]
[10] csfdax]
[11] dwfyax]
[12] Lykbflax]
[13] jSfiax
r`rh; iz'u&i=
csfdax foKku
1 inkFkksZa dh fof'k"Vrk ekin.M&&[kehj;qDr McyjksVh esa inkFkZ dh mkerk dh o`f) esa lgk;d inkFkZ olk] 'kDdj]
lkYV] v.Mk] lks;kysj] XykbZlh] jkst] eksuksLVsfj;sV th0 ,e0 ,e0 dk iz;ksx fofHkUu ,0 ih0 ih0 feJ.kA
10
2 czsM dk cklhiuA
10
3 czsM esa yxus okyh chekjh] jksx vkSj eksYM vkSj blds fuokj.k ds mik;A
10
4 dPps eky dk csdjh esa iz;ksx vkSj mldk Hk.Mkj.kA
10
5 csdjh ys vkmVA
10
6 csdjh ,dkm.V~l tujyA
10
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
iks"k.k foKku
1 foVkfeu&&ty esa ?kqyu'khy&&
16
foVkfeu dh egkk] oxhZdj.k] mi;ksfxrk] lzksr] nSfud vko';drkA
foVkfeu olk esa ?kqyu'khyA
2 ty&&ty dk laxBu] ty dk oxhZdj.k] ty dk dk;Z] 'kjhj esa ty dk laryq u] nSfud vko';drkA 14
3 [kfut yo.k&&ekuo 'kjhj dh jpuk esa [kfut yo.k ds dk;Z] [kfut yo.k dh izkfIr ds lk/ku] nSfud 16
vko';drkA
4 O;fDrxr LoPNrk&chekfj;kaA muds y{k.k rFkk LokLF;o/kZd HkkstuA
14

134

iape iz'u&i=
yksj dUQsD'kujh foKku
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
3
5
7
9
1
2
3

dUQSD'kujh phuh dk iz;ksxA


8
olk ,oa rsy QSV ,oa vk;yA
8
isLVh cukus ds fHkUu&fHkUu izdkjA
8
jsLiks cSysUlA
8
fpdukbZ 'kkVZfuax dk iz;ksxA
7
dksdks ,oa pkdysVA
7
dsd ds pkfjf=d xq.k Kkr djukA
7
dsd ds nks"k vkSj mudks nwj djus dh fof/k;kaA
7
iz;ksxkRed&&ikB~;e
d
feYd czsMA
jk{kftfuax czsMA
yUp jksYlA
csfld cUl MhA
lsofju MhA
sd QkLV jksyA
gkV kl cUlA
wV cUlA
[k
fd'kUV jksYM
2 efQUl
fd'kUV ,oa okVj jksYl
4 dslj jksYl
,p jksYl
6 fjLVsM jksYl
fotk
8 wV czsM
Msful isLVhgUl
10 cydk
11 Qhtu Mh izksMDV
x
'kkVZdLV isLVh&&tSe oMZ yseu dLVMZ] vesfjdu okyVu ikbZA
fcfLdV~l&&pkdysV ek'kZy dqdht] dksdksuV] dqdht] thjk fcfLdV dktw] fcfLdV esfYVax ekseksUVsalA
vkbflax&&cVj vkbflax] Xykl vkbflax] jks;y vkbflax] pkdysV vkbflax] QkUMsUV vkbflax] vesfjdu dkfLVax

eklesyhA
?k
QSalh dsDl&&jkst ckLdsV] eSusLo; ckLdsV cV ykbZ] nhokj ?kM+h jSfcVA
2 ';w isLV&&pkdysV] ,dys;lZ] izksfQV jksy 'kqfp;MA
3 fcfLdV dqdht&&Vkbuj&&fcfLdV] ikbfiax fcfLdV] uku [kVkbZ] iuhj fcfLdV] vkyek.M fcfLdV] MkbZ dyj fcfLdV]
dksdksusV eSdksUlA
uksV&&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gksxkA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :i&js[kk
1 iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&&
ijh{kkFkhZ dks pkj iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&&
iz;ksx&&1 cM+k iz;ksx&&csdjh bZLV izksMDV
iz;ksx&&2 cM+k iz;ksx&&dsd vkbflax ds lkFk
iz;ksx&&3 NksVk iz;ksx&&fcfLdV cukuk
iz;ksx&&4 NksVk iz;ksx dsd cukuk
5 ekSf[kdA

135

2&&lrr~ ewY;kadu&&
d l=h; dk;Z]
[k dk;Z LFky ij izf'k{k.kA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
1
2
1
2
3
4

ys[kd dk uke
3

VqMs dUQsD'kujh b.MLVht


nh lqxe cqd vkQ csfdax
fdpu xkbM
csfdax
rFkk
dUQsD'kujh lqJh vfrmkek pkSgku
fl)kUr ,oa fof/k;ka

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk


4
;qfuolZy cqd lsUVj] y[ku
rnso
rnso
fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] pkSd] okjk.klh

ewY;
5
#i;k
30-00
20-00
70-00

6 VsM&&VsDlVkby fMtkbu
mn~ns';&&
1 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks VsDlkVkby fMtkbu ls lEcfU/kr jkstxkj dh tkudkjh nsukA
2 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks cquus] jaxus vkSj Nkius dh fof/k;ksa o rjhdksa ls voxr djkukA
3 'kkldh; vkSj v'kkldh; VsDlVkby fMtkbu m|ksx ls lEcfU/kr inksa gsrq dq'ky deZdkjksa dk fuekZ.k djukA
4 bl m|ksx ds }kjk fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks [ksy&[ksy esa dk;Z fl[kkuk ,oa dk;Z ds izfr ,dkxzrk mRiUu djukA
5 O;kolkf;d dkslZ iwjk djus ds ckn fo|kFkhZ bl ;ksX; gks tk;sa fd og Lor% jkstxkj LFkkfir dj ldsaA
6 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dk fo"k; {ks= esa bl ;ksX; cukuk fd mlesa vius Kku] dkS'ky] vuqHko ds vk/kkj ij fdlh fo"k; ;k
fofHkUu jkstxkjksa dks Lor% lapkfyr djus dh {kerk dk fodkl gks ldsA
jkstxkj ds volj&&
1 VsDlVkby fMtkbu dh f'k{kk izkIr djus ds i'pkr~ Nk= drkbZ&cqukbZ] jaxkbZ o NikbZ ls lEcfU/kr y?kq m|ksx /kU/ksa Hkh
LFkkfir dj ldrk gSA
2 Lor% mRikfnr oLrqvksa dh iwfrZ dj ldrk gSA
3 bl y?kq m|ksx ds }kjk csjkstxkj yksxksa dks jkstxkj izkIr gks ldrk gSA
4 O;kolkf;d f'k{kk gsrq izf'kf{kr f'k{kdksa dks miyfC/k gks ldrh gSA
5 miHkksDrk dh #fp ds vuqlkj u;s fMtkbu rS;kj dj ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA

136

ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i=
x`g foKku dk lkekU; Kku
1 O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dh vko';drk ,oa ykHk&&
20
&&fodkl'khy Hkkjr dh vko';drk;sa] vkdka{kk;sa vkSj vis{kkvksa ds vuq:i f'k{kk O;oLFkk esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk
LFkkuA jk"Vh; f'k{kk uhfr ds vuqlkj O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk egRoA
&&O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ls Nk=] lekt ,oa ns'k dks ykHkA
&&lekt ds xq.kkRed lq/kkj dks lqfuf'pr djus gsrq iq#"k vkSj L=h nksuksa leku Hkkxhnkjh ds fu.kZ; ysus vkSj fL=;ksa
dh f'k{kk vkSj vkfFkZd LorU=rk ds voljA jkstxkj <aw<us okys vkSj jkstxkj ds voljksa ds chp vlUrqyu mRiUu djrh tula[;k
o`f) dk KkuA
&&ekuo ewY; ds lkFk&lkFk ifjokj dh [kq'kh vkSj lekt dY;k.k gsrq Hkfo"; ds fy, ekSfyd vkSj HkkokRed lqj{kk dks
lqn`<+ cukukA
2 LokLF; o/kZd Hkkstu dh tkudkjh&&
20
&&Hkkstu ds fofHkUu rRo] mudh vko';drk] izkfIr ds lzksr vkSj deh ls gksus okys jksxA
&&thou ds fofHkUu voLFkk esa Hkkstu dh vko';drk] izdkj ,oa ek=k] f'k'kq] ckyd] L=h] iq#"k] o`)koLFkk] xHkkZoLFkk]
/kk=h ek] jksxh] Jfed] fdlku vkfnA
3 vkRefuHkZj cukdj O;olk; }kjk fd;s tkus okys Lojkstxkj ;k fofHkUu dk;Z {ks=ksa esa lkoZtfud jkstxkjksa ds voljksa
dk KkuA
20
vius {ks= esa izkIr dPph oLrqvksa vkSj muls fufeZr inkFkksZa ftldk vU; LFkkuksa esa vf/kd ewY; dk KkuA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
VsDlVkby fMtkbu
izkjfEHkd fMtkbu
1 fofHkUu izdkj ds fMtkbuksa dk fo'ys"k.kA
10
2 ifjizs{; ds fl)kUr ,oa oxhZdj.kA
10
3 izkjfEHkd VsDlVkby fMtkbu&&mRifRr ,oa fofHkUu izdkj dh NikbZ ,oa cqukbZA
10
4 fofHkUu izkUrh; fMtkbuksa dk v/;;u&&d<+kbZ] NikbZ ,oa cqukbZA
20
5 fofHkUu izdkj ds IyslesUV vkSj mudk iz;ksxA
10
r`rh; iz'u&i=
oL=ksa ds js'ks o diM+k fuekZ.k
1 fofHkUu izdkj dh fizfVax dh fof/k %
10
lk/kkj.k fizfVax]
fMLpktZ fizfVax vkDlhdj.k o jsMD'ku }kjk]
jksyj] fizfVax pwuh vkSj eYVh jksyj fof/k&&ykHk&gkfu] Lhu fizfVax fof/k ,ukey QksVks xzkfQd] fofHkUu izdkj ds
Cykd ,oa lkexzhA
2 MkbZ dk oxhZdj.k&&Mk;jsDV] csfld lYQj] oSV] MkbZt ,SDVj] fMLilZ] usiFkky@he MsDyC/k Mk;jsDV 10
MkbZfjiesUVA
3 fofHkUu MkbZ dh fofHkUu diM+ksa gsrq mi;ksfxrkA
10
4 fFkdfue ,tsUV~l ds ckjs esa lkekU; KkuA
10
5 VsDlVkby jlk;u vkSj Qkbcj lkabl dk izkjfEHkd KkuA
10
6 jax QsM Qhdk gksus ds dkj.kA
10

137

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
VsDlVkby kV
1 cqukbZ dk midj.kA
10
2 fofHkUu jkT;ksa dh d<+kbZ dk v/;;uA
10
3 NikbZ dk bfrgkl ,oa mRifRr&&cka/kuh] Cykd okfVdk] Lhu] gS.M isfUVax] NikbZ dk egRo] NikbZ
15
dh fof/k;ksa ds xq.k o nks"kA
4 cqukbZ&&fofHkUu izdkj ds /kkxksa dk foLrkj ls o.kZuA lfCt;ksa }kjk] i'kq }kjk] [kfut }kjk
15
d`f=e fofHkUu /kkxksa dh tkap djukA
/kkxs&&/kkxs flafxy] ;kuZ] IykbZ] QSUlh ;kuZA
Vscqy ywe vkSj isMy ywe dh fo'ks"krk;saA
fofHkUu izkjfEHkd cqukbZ xzkQ isij ij cuk;saA
5 diM+k fuekZ.k dk foLr`r o.kZuA
10
iape iz'u&i=
oL= fuekZ.k bdkbZ dk izcU/k&&ukSdjh izf'k{k.k
1 Nk=ksa dk jkstxkj ds LFkku ij izf'k{k.kA
15
2 oL= fuekZ.k bdkbZ dk ctV fuekZ.kA
15
3 oL= fuekZ.k bdkbZ dh ;kstuk cukukA
15
4 fofHkUu izdkj dh bdkbZ dk izHkko ,oa fjiksVZA
15
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iz;ksxkRed f;k&dyki
d
1 dkVu] flYd] u dh mi;qDr MkbZ ls jaxkbZ] oL=ksa dk p;u] lwrh] nqiV~Vk flYd LdkQZ] uh LosVj ;k dksVA
2 lsEiy QkbyA
3 jksyj fizfUVax djus okyh QSDVh esa 'kSf{kd Hkze.kA
[k
1 fMtkbuksa dk fuekZ.k NikbZ&&
d yapsu lsV] [k Vkosy lsV] x ,izu] ?k lksQs vkSj insZ isij odZA
fo"k;% Qwy&ifk;ka] T;ksferh; Qy vkSj lCth] vewrZA
VsDlpj&&i'kq&i{kh] irax vkSj xqCckjs] f[kykSus] v{kj dk la;kstu] gkFk dh fy[kkbZ] laxhr ds midj.k] uko vkSj tgkt]
/kkfj;ka vkSj psd] leqnzh o`{k] 'ksy vkSj eNfy;kaA
fof/k&&LVsfUly] Lizs] Mfcax] gS.M fizfUVax] Cykd fizfUVax] Lhu fizfUVaxA
8 cqukbZ&&mi;qDr fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k cqukbZ ds fy;s djsaA
x
1 dj?ks dk iz;ksxA
2 izkjfEHkd cqukbZ dks Cyst dkxt ij cuk;sa&&Iysu] fVy] lkVuA
3 rhu izkjfEHkd cqukbZ }kjk diM+s dk uewuk rS;kj djukA
4 v diM+s dh NikbZ izR;sd dh ikap jQ fMtkbuA
fo"k;&&iq"i insZ ds fy;s]
fof/k&&Lhu fizfUVax]
diM+k&&dkVu&lkVu]
jax&&nks ;k rhu]
LFkku&&vky vksojA

138

c fo"k;&&ls.Vj ykbu Vscqy DykFk]


jax diM+k&&dslesUV]
jax&&nks vkmV ykbu lfgr]
fof/k&&Cykd fizfUVaxA
l fo"k;&&T;kfefr fMtkbu ifj/kku ds fy;s
diM+k&&lwrh Qkbu [kknh]
jax&&,d jaxh;]
IyslesUV&&gkQ Mki]
fof/k&&isij dV LhuA
n fofHkUu jkT;ksa dh d<+kbZA
?k
1 VsDlVkby b.MLVh NksVh&cM+h cqukbZ] Mkbax] fizfUVax] fLifuax] m|ksx LFkkuksa dk Hkze.kA
2 b.MLVht dh izkstsDV fjiksVZ izR;sd Nk= dks cukuk gSA
3 odZ iksVZ Qksfy;ks dks cukuk vkSj fn[kkuk] cqukbz ,oa dj?ks ds fy;sA
uksV&&1 iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gSA
2 iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq 10 ?kaVs dk le; fu/kkZfjr gSA
iz;ksxkRed
kRed ijh{kk dh :i&js[kk
1 okg~; ijh{kk&&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks pkj iz;ksx fn;s tk;sxsa&&
d izkjfEHkd fMtkbu cM+k iz;ksxA
[k VsDlVkby kV cM+k iz;ksxA
x oL=ksa ds js'ks o diM+ksa dk fuekZ.kA
?k oL= fuekZ.k] bdkbZ dk izcU/k NksVk iz;ksxA
2&&lrr~
2&&lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&&
d l=h; dk;Z]
[k dk;Z LFky ij izf'k{k.kA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
1
1
2
3
4
5

iqLrd dk uke
2
oL= foKku ds ewy fl)kUr
oL= foKku ,oa ifj/kku
r`rh; laLdj.k
gkml gksYM VSDlVkby
Hkkjrh; dlhnkdkjh

ys[kd dk uke
3
ts0 ih0 'ksjh
izks0 izfeyk oekZ
nqxkZnk
Jherh f'kUns ,oa dq0 iafMr

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk


4
fouksn iqLrd efUnj] vkxjk
;qfuolZy cqd fMiks] y[ku

cqd dEiuh] ubZ fnYyh


izdk'ku funs'kky;] xksfoUn oYyHk
iar] d`f"k ,oa izkS|ksfxdh fo'ofo|ky;]
iaruxj] uSuhrky
Textile care
and N.C.E.R.T. New Delhi N.C.E.R.T
design
Examlar
Instructional material
for Classes XI and
XII.

ewY;
5
#i;k
20-00
20-00
75-00
27-00
4-85

139

7 VsM&&cqukbZ
mn~ns';&&
1 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks cqukbZ rduhd ls lEcfU/kr jkstxkj dh tkudkjh nsukA
2 'kkldh; vkSj v'kkldh; cqukbZ m|ksx ls lEcfU/kr inksa gsrq dq'ky deZpkjh dk fuekZ.k djukA
3 bl m|ksx ds }kjk fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks [ksy&[ksy (Play way) esa dk;Z fl[kkuk ,oa dk;Z ds izfr ,dkxzrk mRiUu djukA
4 cqukbZ rduhd dh f'k{kk] fodykax ,oa vka[kksa ds u jgus okys fo|kFkhZ Hkh izkIr dj ldsaxsA
5 bl m|ksx ls csdkjh (Unemployment) dh leL;k Hkh gy gksxhA
6 ,d vPNk ukxfjd cu tk;sxsAa
jkstxkj ds volj&&
1 bl m|ksx dh f'k{kk izkIr djus ds i'pkr~ fo|kFkhZ ukSdjh dh ryk'k esa ugha HkVdsxkA
2 FkksM+h iwath ls viuk dk;Z izkjEHk dj ldrk gSA
3 vius }kjk mRikfnr oLrqvksa dh [kir cktkj esa dj ldsxkA
4 vius lkFk vius ifjokj ds vU; lnL;ksa dks Hkh dk;Z esa yxkdj iwjs ifjokj dk thfodksiktZu dj ldsxkA
5 ljdkj bl m|ksx dks pykus gsrq vuqnku Hkh iznku djrh gSA
6 bl m|ksx dh f'k{kk ds ckn fo|kFkhZ fdlh diM+k fey ;k NksVs dkj[kkus esa jkstxkj izkIr dj ldsxkA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
cqukbZ fl)kUr
1&&lwr ij ekM+h nsuk] fofHkUu izdkj ds ekM+h inkFkZ] yPNh ij ekM+h yxkuk rFkk rkus ij ekM+h yxkukA
12
2&&fofHkUu izdkj ds u] okuLifrd izkf.kt] [kfut rUrq vkfnA
12
3&&js'ke ds mRiknu] flYd jhfMaxA
12
4&&[kfut] rUrq] ,sEcsLVj] lksus&pknh] yksgs ds rkj vkfnA
12
5&&oL= m|ksx esa iz;qDr gksus okys fofHkUu izdkj ds dj?ksA
12

140

f}rh; iz'u&i=
cqukbZ eSdsfuTe
uTe
1&&rkus dk dj?ks ij p<+kuk] ikoM+h] c/kko gksYMks dks cka/kukA
12
2&&rkuks dh ckfcu Hkjuk] mls <jQh esa yxkdj diM+k cquukA
12
3&&'kq) fdukjk] oL= dk vPNk iksrk] vPNk nx cukuk] iksyj vkSj cQj dk dk;ZA diM+s dh v'kqf);ka] 12
dkj.k ,oa fuokj.kA
4&&diM+k rS;kj gksus ds i'pkr~ mls lkQ djuk vkSj dqanh djds cktkj esa mi;qDr djukA
12
5&&dj?ks dk eq[; ,oa xkSM+ pkVZA
12
r`rh; iz'u&i=
[cqcqukbZ vkys[ku (Textile Design)]
1&&xzkQ dh mi;ksfxrk] xzkQ ij vkys[k] Hkjko vkSj ikoM+h cpko fn[kkukA
15
2&&fofHkUu izdkj ds diM+ksa dh rqyukRed foospukA
15
3&&rkSfy;k dk vkys[ku] guh dkEc] gYdk cSadA
15
4&&vfrfjDr rkus dh lgk;rk ls v{kj fy[kukA
15
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
cqukbZ&xf.kr
1&&o; vkSj da/kh dk vad fudkyukA
40
2&&fdlh diM+s esa /kku cukus esa rkus ckus ds lwrksa dk Hkkj Kkr djukA
20
iape iz'u&i=
lEcfU/kr dyk
1 jax&&fofHkUu izdkj ds jaxksa dh igpku djukA
15
2 jaxksa dh laxfr&&,d jax] leku jax] fojks/kh jax] eU;Hkwr jax] mUur jax] laxfr;ka
15
3 Vksu] fVUV] 'ksM vkfn dh foospukA
15
4 vkLVokYM jax] o`Rr] izdk'k ,oa inkFkZ jaxA
15
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z
1 rkus dh che rS;kj gksus ds i'pkr~ cqukbZ ds fy;s mls dj?ks ij p<+kuk] fu/kkZfjr fMtkbuksa dks cquukA
2 iqyh td dk iz;ksx] ikoM+h c/kkoA
3 cqukbZ dh izkjfEHkd f;k;sa] ne cukuk] okuk Qsduk] BksdukA
4 dj?ks ds Hkkx vkSj muds dk;Z tSls ikoM+h] iSlkj] yht jhM vkfnA 'kVy dk ckgj Hkkxuk] diM+s esa eq[; nks"k o
mudk fujkdj.kA
5 fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds fd;s x;s iz;ksxkRed dk;Z dk ys[kk rS;kj djuk pkfg;s tks izn'kZd }kjk gLrk{kfjr gks rFkk cqukbZ
v/;kid }kjk Hkh gLrk{kfjr gks ftls iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds le{k j[kk tk;saA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :i&js[kk
izR;sd Nk=] dh okf"kZd ijh{kk gsrq iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds le{k de ls de rhu uewus okys cqus gq;s js'ks ij cqukbZ dh
fo'ks"krkvksa ls ;qDr fp= laxzgh iz/kkukpk;Z] cqukbZ v/;kid rFkk izn'kZd ds }kjk gLrk{kfjr vkSj izekf.kr gksuk pkfg;sA og dk;Z fcuk
fdlh lgk;rk ds O;fDr fo'ks"k }kjk lEikfnr fd;k x;k gSA
tks e'khusa vk/kqfud dkj[kkus esa miyC/k gSa rFkk ikB~;e esa fu/kkZfjr gSa muds lEcU/k esa fo|kFkhZ ds Kku {ks= dks c<+kus ds
fy;s mUgsa Lo;a i;ZVu }kjk ns[kus dk volj iznku djuk pkfg;sA
1&&okg~; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds vadksa dk foHkktu&&
200 vad
1 rS;kjh dk;Z]
2 cqukbZ]
3 esdsfuTe]
4 ekSf[kdA

141

2&&vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&&
1 l=h; dk;Z
2 dk;Z LFky ij izf'k{k.kA
uksV&&iz
&& ;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk
1
2
3
4
1
2
3

oL= foKku ,oa ifj/kku


oL= foKku ,oa ifj/kku
cqukbZ iqLrd

Mk0 izfeyk oekZ


Mk0 izfeyk oekZ
Jh ';ke ukjk;.k JhokLro

4
5

gkml gksYM VSDlVkby


Hkkjrh; d'khnkdkjh

Jh nqxkZ nk
Jherh flUnzs ,oa dq0 iafMr

200 vad

fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] pkSd] okjk.klh


;qfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku
uohu iqLrd Hk.Mkj] nkjkxat]
bykgkckn
cqd dEiuh] ubZ fnYyh
izdk'ku funs'kky;] xksfoUn cYyHk iar
d`f"k ,oa izkS|ksfxd fo'ofo|ky;]
iaruxj] uSuhrky

ewY;
5
#i;k
55-00
55-00
08-00
75-00
02-00

8 VsMs &&ulZjh f'k{k.k dk izf'k{k.k ,oa f'k'kq izcU/k


mn~ns';&&
f'k'kq ns'k dh lEifRr gaSA izkjEHk ls gh mudk mfpr ns[k&Hkky djuk jk"Vh; drZO; gSA f'k'kq f'k{kk ij fo'ks"k /;ku nsdj
mlds izlkj ls bl y{; dh iwfrZ lEHko gSA izkFkfed f'k{kk gsrq lkoZtuhdj.k ds fy;s Hkh f'k'kq f'k{kk vko';d gSA f'k{kk ds
O;kolk;hdj.k dh n`f"V lsa Hkh b.VjehfM,V ds ikB~;e esa f'k'kq&f'k{kk fo"k; dk lekos'k dj ge Nk=ksa dks LokoyEch cukus esa
lgk;d gksxa s blds vfrfjDr Hkkoh ekrk&firk viuh larku dk ykyu&ikyu djus esa bl fo"k; ds v/;;u esa leFkZ gksaxsA
bl ikB~;e dk fof'k"V mn~ns'; ;g gS fd Nk=@Nk=k;sa bl :i esa izf'kf{kr gksa fd os f'k'kq'kkykvksa dk lapkyu Lo;a dj
ldsA ikB~;e dk fuekZ.k bl izdkj fd;k x;k gS fd muds 'kkyk dh xfrfof/k;ksa o dk;Ze ds lapkyu gsrq visf{kr Kku {kerk o
lgh n`f"Vdks.k fodflr gks ldsA
Ldksi&&
;g ikB~;e fu'p; gh Nk=ksa dks vkfFkZd :i ls LokoyEch cukus o fofHkUu f'k'kq'kkykvksa esa f'k{k.k dk;Z djus gsrq l{ke
cuk;sxkA bl izdkj ;g fo"k; Nk=ksa dks ukSdjh ds volj iznku djus rFkk Lo;a f'k'kq'kkyk ;k cky&ckM+h [kksydj mldk lapkyu dj
LokoyEch cukus esa leFkZ cuk;sxkA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kaVs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA

142

1
2
3
1
2
3

1
2
3
4
5
6

1
2
1
2
3

1
2
3
4
1
2

1
2

izFke iz'u&i=
f'k'kq f'k{kk rFkk fo|ky; laxBu
[k.M d
f'k'kq'kkyk esa f'k{kdksa o ckydksa dk lEcU/k o vuq'kkluA
f'k'kq leL;k o funkuA
f'k'kq f'k{k.k dh izeq[k i)fr;kaA
[k.M [k
f'k'kq'kkyk o lekt dk ikjLifjd lg;ksxA
f'k'kq'kkyk ds la?kA
f'k'kq'kkyk ds vfHkys[k o izi=A
f}rh;
f}rh; iz'u&i=
cky euksfoKku
vknrA
lh[kukA
vo/kku #fp o :>kuA
O;fDrRoA
folarqfyr o leL;k ckydA
fof'k"V ckydA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
f'k'kq LokLF; o 'kjhj foKku
[k.M d
LokLF; dks izHkkfor djus okys rF;A
f'k'kq'kkyk esa LoPNrk dh O;oLFkk O;fDrxr fo|ky;h O;oLFkkA
[k.M [k
'kkjhfjd fod`fr;ka&&iksfy;ks vkSj piVk iSj dkj.k ,oa y{k.kA
f'k'kqvksa ds izeq[k jksx&&laoxhZ] lkekU;A
izkFkfed fpfdRlkA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
eq[; f'k{k.k fof/k;ka Hkk"kk] xf.kr
xf.kr
[k.M d
Hkk"kk f'k{k.k dh fof/k;kaA
f'k'kq lkfgR;A
Hkk"kk nks"k lq/kkjksa ds mik;A
f'k'kq iqLrdky;A
[k.M [k
xf.kr f'k{k.k dh fof/k;kaA
f'k'kq'kkyk esa xf.kr dk fo"k; foLrkjA
iape
pe iz'u&i=
lgk;d f'k{k.k fof/k;ka
fof/k;ka
[k.M d&&lkekftd fo"k;
f'k'kq dk lkekftd ifjos'k&&bfrgkl] HkwxksyA
lkekftd fo"k; f'k{k.k dh fof/k;kaA

10
10
10
10
10
10

10
10
10
10
10
10

14
16
10
10
10

10
06
08
06
16
14

08
06

143

[k.M [k&&izd`fr foKku o foKku


1 f'k'kq dk izkd`frd ,oa oSKkfud ifjos'k&&m|ku] cky m|ku foKku midj.kA
2 f'k{k.k fof/k;kaA
[k.M x&&dyk ,oa gLrdyk
1 dyk rFkk gLrdyk ds fy;s mfpr ifjos'k] fuekZ.kA
2 f'k{k.k fof/k;kaA
[k.M ?k
[ksy o laxhr
1 f'k{k.k fof/k;ka&&[ksy] laxhrA
2 f'k'kq [ksy ,oa laxhrA
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e rFkk iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk
d dyk f'k{k.kA
[k dyk] gLrdyk] flykbZA
x lgk;d midj.kksa dk fuekZ.kA
?k laxhr Hkko xhr] f'k'kq xhr o [ksyA
f'k'kq&&fodkl dk O;fDrxr o lkewfgd fujh{k.k ys[kk&&
1 okg~; ijh{kk
--2 vkUrfjd ewY;kadu
--d l=h; dk;Z ij&&
[k dk;Z&LFky ij ijh{k.k&&
uksV % iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke
1
2
3
4
1
2

f'k'kq'kkyk esa Hkk"kk o xf.kr


cky euksfoKku cky foKku

3
4
5

ekr` dyk ,oa f'k'kq dyk


cky euksfoKku ,oa cky foKku
LokLF; f'k{kk

osnef.k nhf{kr
Mk0 Jherh izhfr oekZ] Mk0
Mh0 ,u0 JhokLro
Jherh th0 ih0 'ksjh
&&
&&

08
06
08
06

08
10

200 vad
200 vad

iadt izdk'ku] bykgkckn


fouksn iqLrd efUnj] vkxjk

ewY;
5
#i;k
30-00
35-00

rnso
;wfuolZy cqd lsUVj] y[ku
rnso

22-00
52-50
25-00

9 VsM&&iqLrdky; foKku
1&&mn~ns';&&
1 ,d gh iqLrkdy; dehZ }kjk pyk;s tkus okys iqLrdky; dh LFkkiuk djus] mlds laxBu] lapkyu rFkk O;oLFkk dh
;kstuk cukus yk;d n{krk iznku djukA
2 e/;e vkdkj ds iqLrdky; esa lgk;d iqLrdky;k/;{k ds :i esa dk;Z dj ikus dh n{krk iznku djukA
3 fdlh cM+s iqLrdky; esa iqLrdky; lgk;d ds :i esa dk;Z djus yk;d n{krk iznku djukA
4 iqLrdky; ds fofHkUu vuqHkkxksa esa dk;Z dj ikus yk;d n{krk iznku djukA
2&&jkstxkj ds volj&&
d osru Hkksxh jkstxkj&&
1&&xzkeh.k iqLrdky; dE;wfuVh lsUVj] izk<S + f'k{kk dsUnz] vukSipkfjd f'k{kk dsUnz rFkk iapk;r iqLrdky;ksa esa eq[;
gLrkUrj.kA
2&&ek/;fed fo|ky;ksa] Cykd] rglhy] rkyqdk iqLrdky; esa lgk;d iqLrdky;k/;{kA

144

3&&ek/;fed fo|ky;ksa] Cykd] rglhy] rkyqdk iqLrdky;ksa esa oxhZdj.k lgk;dA


4&&dSVykxjA
5&&iqLrdky; lgk;dA
6&&ySafMax lgk;dA
7&&izfrNk;kadu lgk;dA
8&&iqLrdky; fyfidA
9&&iqLrd iznkrkA
10&&tsuhVjA
11&&iqLrd laj{k.k lgk;dA
[k Lojkstxkj&&
1&&iqLrdky; ys[ku&lkexzh fuekZrk ,oa iwfrZdrkZA
2&&iqLrdky; lkt&lTtk ,oa midj.kA
3&&dhVuk'kd nokb;ksa ds fosrkA
4&&iqLrdky; ijke'kZ lsokA
5&&'kks/k Nk=ksa ds fy;s ok~e; lwph rS;kj djus dk O;olk;A
6&&izfrNk;kadu dk O;olk;A
7&&iqLrd fo; O;olk;A
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kaVs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
&&
esa 50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
iqLrdky; laxBu ,oa lapkyu&&lS)kfUrd
kfUrd
1&&lapkyu&&1&&fo"k; izos'k] iqLrdky; lapkyu ds lkekU; fl)kUr] iqLrdky; lfefr] iqLrdky;
30
v/;;u lkexzh] vokfUr] p;u ,oa ;kns'k] mi;ksx ds fy;s lqfu;kstu] oYd O;oLFkk ,oa izn'kZu]
iqLrdky; fu;knh iznk;d lsokA
2&&i=&if=dk;sa ,oa vU; v/;;u lkexzh] lUnHkZ lsok dh O;oLFkk] la[;k lR;kiu] lkaf[;dh]
30
vk;&O;;d rFkk vkfFkZd fooj.k] okf"kZd izfrosnuA

145

f}rh; iz'u&i=
[la
kfUrd]
lanHkZ lsok@ok~e; lwph ,oa MkD;wesUVs'ku lS)kfUrd
f}rh; iz'u&i=
1&iqLrdky; foKku ds iap lw=ksa dk lanHkZ lsok] ok~e; lwph ,oa MkD;wesUVs'ku esa iz;ksxA
20
2&lanHkZ lsok ds izdkj] lanHkZ iz'uksa ds izdkj] lanHkZ iqLrkdky;k/;{kksa dh ;ksX;rk;sa ,oa xq.kA
20
ok~e; lwfp;ksa ds fofHkUu :i ,ao izdkjA
ok~e; lwph lsokA
3&MkD;wesUVs'ku] b.MsfDVax] ,sDlVsfDVax ,oa fjizksxzSfQd lsok;saA
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k ,oa lwphdj.k lS)kfUrd
1&&iqLrd oxhZdj.k] i)fr;ksa dk fodkl] izeq[k iqLrd oxhZdj.k] i)fr;ksa dk laf{kIr ifjp; rFkk M~;qbZ n'keyo
i)fr ,oa f}fcUnq dk v/;;uA
20
2&&lw
2&&lwphdj.k&1&&fo"k;
hdj.k&1&&
izos'k] lwph dk vFkZ ,oa ifjHkk"kk] vko';drk] egRo ,oa mn~ns';] lwph ds Lo:i] lwph ds
Hksn izdkj] lwph lays[k&&vFkZ] vko';drk ,oa egRo] lays[k ds izdkj] fofHkUu lays[kksa dh izfof"V;ka] izfof"V;ksa ds lwpd
lzksrA
20
3&&fo"k; 'kh"kZd lays[k] fo'ys"k.kkRed lays[k] lwph lafgrkvksa dk fodkl ,oa izeq[k lafgrkvksa dk laf{kIr v/;;u]
lwphdj.k ds midj.k] lays[kksa dk O;oLFkkiu] dsUnzh;d`r ,oa lgdkjh lwphdj.k] la?k lwphA
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
1&&1 n'keyo oxhZdj.k iz.kkyh dk izk;ksfxd dk;ZA
30
2 n'keyo oxhZdj.k ds vuqlkj vadksa dks tksM+ dj 'kh"kZd fuekZ.kA
3 vadkuqe cukukA
2&&1 fu/kkZfjr oxhZdj.k i)fr }kjk oxkd cukukA
30
2 oxkdksa dks pqu dj lgh vkadyu djukA
3 rkfydk ,oa lkfj.kh }kjk :i js[kk rS;kj djukA
iape iz'u&i=
bdkbZ&1
30 vad
1&lwph i=d dk izk:i rS;kj djukA
2&,aXyks vesfjdu dSVykx #Yl&2 ds vuqlkj lwphdj.kA
3&fyLV vkQ lCtsDV gsfMax dk iz;ksxA
bdkbZ&2
30 vad
1&ys[kd dk uke eq[; lay[s k esa bUVh djukA
2&oxkZadksa dh ekuqlkj fy[kukA
3&A.A.C.R.-2 }kjk Vsflax Kkr djukA
izk;ksfxd lwphdj.k ,0,0lh0vkj0&2 lafgrk ds vuqlkj djk;k tk;sxkA fo"k; 'kh"kZd ds fuekZ.k gsrq 'ks;j fyLV vkQ
lCtsDV VsfMax ds v|ru laLdj.k dk iz;ksx fd;k tk;sxkA
uksV&1&&
& &&;g
&& iz'u&i= Hkh vU; iz'u&i=ksa dh Hkkafr gksxkA
2&&bl iz'u&i= gsrq mRrj&iqfLrdk esa ,d vksj 3"5" lwph&i= dk izk:i eqfnzr gksuk pkfg;sA izk:i dk uewuk
fuEuor~ gS&&
5"

3"

;fn mijksDr izk:i dks mRrj&iqfLrdk ij eqfnzr djkuk lEHko u gks rks izR;sd ijh{kkFkhZ dks okafNr la[;k ls lwph&i=d
miyC/k djk;k tk;sxkA

146

ekad

iqLrd dk uke

ys[kd dk uke

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk

iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k fl)kUr }kjdk izlkn 'kkL=h


vkSj iz;ksx

lkfgR; Hkou izk0fy0] bykgkckn


forjd&&fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku]
okjk.klh
4 iqLrd p;u vkSj lanHkZ lsok

5 lwphdj.k ds fl)kUr
fxfjtk dqekj] d`".k ok.kh ,twdsku cqDl] fnYyh
dqekj
forjd&&fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku]
okjk.klh
6 iqLrdky; laxBu ,oa
Mk0 jke 'kksfHkr fcgkj xzUFk vdkneh] iVuk
iz'kklu
izlkn flag
forjd&fo'ofo|ky;
izdk'ku]
okjk.klh
7 izys[kh; xzUFk o.kZu
,l0Vh0 ewfrZ
e/; izns'k fgUnh vdkneh] Hkksiky
8 iqLrdky; laxBu ,oa
lqHkk"k pUnz oekZ ,oa jktLFkku fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh
lapkyu
';ke
ukjk;.k
JhokLro
9 xzUFkky; lapkyu rFkk
';ke lqUnj vxzoky Jhjke esgjk ,.M dEiuh]
iz'kklu
gkfLiVy jksM] vkxjk
10 iqLrdky; foKku dks"k
izHkq ukjk;.k xkSM+
fcgkj jk"V Hkk"kk ifj"kn~
11 fo|ky; iqLrdky;
izHkq ukjk;.k xkSM+
fcgkj fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh] iVuk
12 iqLrdky; foKku ifjp;
}kjdk izlkn 'kkL=h lkfgR; Hkou izk0fy0] bykgkckn
forjd&&fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku]
okjk.klh
13 iqLrd p;u ,oa jpuk
pUnz dkUr 'kekZ

14 ok~e; lwph vkSj izys[ku


}kjdk izlkn 'kkL=h

15 iqLrdky;
oxhZdj.k HkkLdjukFk frokjh
fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] pkSd]
fl)kUr ,oa iz;ksx
okjk.klh
16 iqLrd oxhZdj.k
HkkLdjukFk frokjh
;wfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku
17 iqLrd lwphdj.k fl)kUr
HkkLdjukFk frokjh
;wfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku
18 lanHkZ lsok
HkkLdjukFk frokjh
;wfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku
19 iqLrdky; ifjp;
}kjdk izlkn 'kkL=h fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] pkSd]
okjk.klh
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e ,oa ijh{kk dh :i&js[kk
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
1&&lUnHkZ lsok izk;ksfxd&&
lanHkZ lkexzh dk ewY;kadu djuk
fofHkUu izdkj dh ok~e; lwfp;k rS;kj djuk
fQftdy fofofy;ksxzkQht dk Kku djuk
MkD;wesUVs'ku ds lkslZ eSVhfj;y Nk=ksa dks fn[kkdj mudk ifjp; djkuk

laLdj.k iqueZqnz.k
o"kZ
5

ewY;

1987

6
#i;k
30-00

1985
1984

16-00
35-00

1987

40-00

1981
1988

18-00
30-00

1989

70-00

1961
1977
1988

13-50
09-50
30-00

1975
1983
1983

25-00
25-00
30-00

1983
1983
1983
1983

30-00
25-00
15-00
15-00

147

2&&lUnHkZ lsok ok~e; lwph ,oa MkdweUs Vs'ku izk;ksfxd&&


200 vad
MkD;wesUVs'ku fyLV rS;kj djuk
bUMsfDalx djuk
,sDlVsfDaVx djuk
fofofy;ksxzkQh rS;kj djuk
l=h; dk;ksZa dk ewY;kadu ,oa ekSf[kd ijh{kk vkUrfjd ,oa okg~;
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
l=h; dk;ksZa ij
dk;Z LFky iz;ksx'kkyk
ijh{kd }kjk
okg~; ijh{kk
iz;ksx ,oa ekSf[kd&&
200 vad
1&&oxhZdj.k izk;ksfxd
2&&lwphdj.k izk;ksfxd
3&&lUnHkZ lsok] ok~e; lwph
4&&ekSf[kd
uksV&&1
&& l=h; dk;ksZa dk ewY;kadu ,oa ekSf[kd ijh{kk] izFke] f}rh;] r`rh;] prqFkZ ,oa iape iz'u&i=ksa esa fu/kkZfjr
ikB~;eksa ds vUrxZr gh yh tk;sxhA
2 iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
laLdj.k iqueZ
ueZqnz.k ewY;
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk
o"kZ
1
2
3
4
5
6
#i;k
1 xzUFkky; oxhZdj.k
Mk0 th0 Mh0 HkkxZo e/; izns'k fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh]
1988
25-00
Hkksiky forjd&&fo'ofo|ky;
izdk'ku] okjk.klh
2 lUnHkZ lsok fl)kUr vkSj iz;ksx ds0 ,l0 lqUnjs[ku e/; izns'k fgUnh xzUFk vdkneh]
1985
30-00
Hkksiky forjd&&fo'ofo|ky;
izdk'ku] okjk.klh
lanHkZ lkexzh] ifjHkk"kk] izdkj] Jsf.k;k] fof'k"V xq.kA
lanHkZ lkexzh ds ewY;kadu dk fl)kUr ,oa ewY;kaduA
fofofy;ksxzkQh ok~e; lwfp;k] ifjHkk"kk] vko';drk] mn~ns';] {ks=] izdkj] fQftdy fofofy;ksxzkQh] ifjHkk"kk] vko';drk]
izdkj] fof/k;ka] MkD;wesUVs'ku] ifjHkk"kk] vko';drk] izdkj] 'kh"kZ&esVsfj;y] dk;Zfof/k] bUQkjes'ku lsUVj&;wusLdks] fouhr] vkbZ0ch0]
bQyk] bYlMkdA
2&&iqLrdky; foKku ds iap lw=ksa dk lanHkZ lsok] ok~e; lwph ,oa MkD;wesUVs'ku esa iz;ksxA
lanHkZ lsok ds izdkj] lanHkZ iz'uksa ds izdkj] lanHkZ iqLrkdky;k/;{kksa dh ;ksX;rk;sa ,oa xq.kA
ok~e; lwfp;ksa ds fofHkUu :i ,ao izdkjA
ok~e; lwph lsokA
MkD;wesUVs'ku] b.MsfDVax] ,sDlVsfDVax ,oa fjizksxzSfQd lsok;saA

148

10 VsM&&cgqmn~ns';h; LokLF;
LokLF; dkfeZd esfMdy yscksjVs jh rduhd lfgr
mn~ns';&&
1&&ekuo 'kjhj dh lajpuk ,oa dkf;Zdh dk Kku izkIr djukA
2&&LoLFk jgus ds fy;s LoPNrk ds fu;eksa dk Kku izkIr djukA
3&&LokLF; j{kk ds f;kdyki] izkFkfed fpfdRlk lgk;rk vkSj NksVs jksxksa ds mipkj dk Kku izkIr djukA
4&&chekjh ds funku o mipkj esa fpfdRld dh lgk;rk djukA
5&&iz;ksx'kkykvksa rFkk fpfdRlk uhfr 'kkL= ds izcU/ku dk Kku izkIr djukA
6&&fofHkUu ijh{k.k djuk ,oa O;k[;k djukA
7&&,d fpfdRlh; iz;ksx'kkyk O;ofLFkr dj pykukA
8&&LorU= :i ls leL;kvksa ls fuiVus ds fy, l{kerk ,oa vkjfEHkd pj.kksa dks fodflr djukA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kaVs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
&&
esa 50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
tu LokLF; ,oa i;kZoj.k
60 vad
bdkbZ&1&&iz
20 vad
1&&izkFkfed lgk;rk
ifjHkk"kk] lk/kkj.k izkFkfed fpfdRlk ,oa fdV lkexzh] vk?kkr] dksek rFkk mldk izcU/ku] jDrlzko dk fu;a=.k] jksxh
dh VwVh gM~Mh dks tksM+dj tek;s j[kus ds fy;s [kiPph cka/kuk] ?kk;y dks LFkkukUrfjr djuk] vpsr gksrs jksxh dks rRdky
izkFkfed lgk;rkA
bdkbZ&2&iz
20 vad
2&iz;ksx'kkyk izcU/ku ,oa uhfr 'kkL=
LokLF; j{kk vkiwfrZ esa iz;ksx'kkyk
x'kkyk dh Hkwfedk&&lkekU;
edk&&
ekuo LokLF; o chekfj;ka] izdkj] funku dh izf;k] fofHkUu Lrjksa
dh iz;ksx'kkyk;sa] deZpkfj;ksa ds drZO; o mRrjnkf;RoA
Hkkjr esa LokLF; j{kk vkiwfrZ rU= dh iz;ksx'kkyk lsok;sa] Hkkjr esa LokLF; iz'kklu rU=] jk"Vh; jkT;] ftyk] xzke Lrj ij]
Hkkjr esa Lo;alsoh LokLF; laxBu] Hkkjr esa LokLF; dk;ZeA
iz;ksx'kkyk ;kstuk&&lkekU;
fl)kUr] y{;] lapkyu] vkadM+s] cktkj lkekU;r;k] vLirky@iz;ksx'kkyk lEcU/k izfr;ksfxrk
uk&&
iz;ksx'kkyk ds :y] fofHkUu Lrjksa ij ;kstuk] vLirky@iz;ksx'kkyk lsokvksa dh ;kstuk ds fy, funsZ'kd fl)kUr] dkjd dk;Zdkjh
n`f"Vdks.k lapkyu ekax] vLirky@iz;ksx'kkyk ds foHkkx] lkekU; {ks=] ladYiuk {ks= LFkku dh vko';drk] ,d ewy LokLF; iz;ksx'kkyk
dh ;kstukA

149

iz;ksx'kkyk laxBu&&lkekU;
fl)kUr ?kVd ,d dk;Z] deZpkjh dk;Z fooj.k( dk;Z fof'k"Vrk;sa] dk;Z rkfydk O;fDrxr iqu%
Bu&&
O;oLFkk rFkk dk;Z Hkkj] ewY;kadu] dkap ds lkekuksa] midj.kksa o jlk;uksa dh ns[kHkky] dkap ds lkeku dh ns[kHkky ,oa lQkbZ]
lk/kkj.k dkap ds lkeku cukuk] midj.kksa o miLdjksa dh ns[kHkky] iz;ksx'kkyk jlk;u] mudk mfpr mi;ksx o ns[kHkky] mfpr
Hk.Mkj.k o ysfcy yxkukA
bdkbZ&3
20 vad
izfrn'kZ gLru&&lkekU;
fl)kUr] laxzg.k rduhd rFkk j[kus ds ik=] izfrn'kksZa ds izdkj] izfof"V LFkkukUrj.k o forj.k ,oa
gLru&&
iqu% izfrn'kZ fuiVku] laj{k.kA
iz;ksx'kkyk lqj{kk&&lkekU;
fl)kUr [krjs lqj{kk dk;Ze] izkFkfed lgk;rk lqj{kk] mik; ;kaf=d fo|qr jklk;fud] tho
{kk&&
oSKkfud jsfM;ks/kfeZrkA
lapkj&&tu
kj&& lEcU/k] jksxh fQftf'k;u] uflZax deZpkjh] fch izfrfuf/k] vU; deZpkjh fuosnu@izfrosnu izi= fujUrj f'k{kk
fof/k ewY;kadu o p;uA
d&&lkekU; fl)kUr] vfo'ys"kd dk;Z] vuqefr fof'k"Vrk;sa] izfrn'kZ fof'k"Vrk;sa] ijh{k.kksa dk fooj.k]
xq.kokk fu;a=d&&
fo'ys"k.k dk;Z fof/k] midj.k] vfHkdeZd o lkexzh] fu;a=.k {kerk] ijh{k.kA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
ekuo 'kjhj f;k foKku
60 vad
bdkbZ&1&&'kjhj f;k foKku
40 vad
ikpu
'olu
lapj.k
raf=dk ra= ds dk;Z ,oa f;k fof/k
var% lzkoh xzfUFk;ksa dh Hkwfedk
rkifu;eu dk 'kjhj f;k foKku
iztuu ew= iztuu ra=
n`f"V Jo.k vkSj ok.kh dk 'kjhj f;k foKku
bdkbZ&2&&tSo foKku] lw{e tho foKku
10 vad
tSo foKku&&tS
foKku&& o foKku dh ifjHkk"kk] vkjfEHkd fopkj@lEiw.kZ n`';&dkcksZgkbMsV olk] izksVhu ds lkekU; p;kip; dk]
fofHkUu izdkj ds ,Utkbe o muds dk;ZA
lw{e tho foKku&&lw
foKku&& {en'khZ ,oa lw{enf'kZdh&ifjp;] lw{e tho oxhZdj.k] uewuksa dk laxzg.k] egkekjh dk v/;;u]
LFkkukUrj.k ,oa laj{k.kA
bdkbZ&3&&
10 vad
jksx foKku&&
foKku&&jks
ku&& x foKku dk ifjp;] ifjHkk"kk] Toyu'khy] fuvksIykfLVd] p;kipf;d] tUetkr izdkjksa dk oxhZdj.k o.kZuA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
fpfdRlk ,oa tSo jlk;u
60 vad
bdkbZ&1&vaxksa ds dk;Z ijh{k.k
20 vad
o`Dd dk;Z ijh{k.k&ew
ijh{k.k& =&lkekU; la?kVd] 24 ?k.Vksa dk laxgz .k] laj{k.k] HkkSfrd y{k.k] Li"Vhdj.k ijh{k.k] ;d`r dk;Z
ijh{k.k] vkek'k; dk;Z ijh{k.k] lh0 ,l0 ,Q0 ds tSo jlk;u ijh{k.k] iSfU,fVd dk;Z ijh{k.k] fpfdRlh; ,Utkbe foKku rFkk
laxBuA

150

bdkbZ&2&fpfdRlh; ,Utkbe foKku&


foKku&,Utkbe ,oa dks,Utkbe] ,Utkbe xfrfof/k fu/kkZj.k ds fl)kUr] egRoiw.kZ
lhje ,Utkbe foKku ds fl)kUr QkLQsVst] VkUlQsjslst] Xyk;dksflysVsM ,Utkbe] ySfDVd MhgkbMksftul] f,fVukbt
kbust] lhje ,Utkbeksa ds fpfdRldh; mi;ksxA laxBu % izfrn'kksZa dk laxzg.k ,oa LFkkukUrj.k fpfdRlh; tSo jlk;u esa
xq.koRrk dk fo'okl] Lopkyu] fdVksa dk mi;ksx rFkk ewY; fu;a=.kA
20 vad
bdkbZ&3&fo"kk.kq foKku ,oa lhjksykWth&
h&oxhZdj.k] lkekU; xq.k] fo"kk.kqvksa dk lao/kZu rFkk jksxA
dkjdrk] izfrj{kh xq.k] izfrtu] izfrdk;] izfrtu izfrf;k rFkk chekjh ds funku esa budk mi;ksxA fl)kUr]
fof/k rFkk dEIyhesUV] fLFkjhdj.k izfrf;k;sa] vfrlaosnu'khy izfrf;kvksa dk fl)kUr ,oa oxhZdj.k] Vhds&oxhZdj.k ,oa
Vhdksa dk mi;ksxA ,XywfVus'ku] vo{ksi.k] mnklhuhdj.kA
20 vad
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
lw{e tSfodh
odh
60 vad
bdkbZ&1&lhjksykWth ,oa dod foKku
30 vad
foKku
fo"kk.kq foKku ,oa dod foKku&
foKku&oxhZdj.k] lkekU; xq.k] fo"kk.kqvksa dk lao/kZu o jksxdkjdrkA izfrj{kh xq.k]
izfrtu] izfrdk;] izfrtu] izfrdk; izfrf;k rFkk chekjh ds funku esa mudk mi;ksxA fl)kUr] fof/k] ,XyqfVus'ku vo{ksi.k]
mnklhuhdj.k rFkk dkWEIyhes.V] fLFkjhdj.k izfrf;k;sa] vfrlaosnu'khy izfrf;kvksa dk fl)kUr ,oa oxhZdj.k] Vhds&&oxhZdj.k ,oa
Vhdksa dk mi;ksxA
ijthoh foKku ,oa dod foKku&vkdkfjdh]
thou p] jksxdkjdrk rFkk iz;ksx'kkyk funku&&bZ fgLVksykbfVdk] bZ dksykbZ]
foKku&
fx,fjMh] Vkbdkeksukl] IykteksfM;k] yh'keSfu;k] gqd oeZ] jkm.M oeZ] g~ohi oeZ] Vsi oeZ] FkzsM oeZ] ,fduksdkdl xzsuqyksel]
MSdudqylA
ok psfj;k] oSUkVh vkfn ds fo"Bk lao/kZu dk laj{k.k&
{k.k&fl)kUr ,oa fof/k] jksxdkjh dodksa dh vdkfjdh ,oa
lao/kZudf.MMk] ,LifeZyl] MesZVksQkA
bdkbZ&2&rd izkS|ksfxdh
30 vad
ifjp;&&dks
ifjp;&& f'kdk] rd o muds dk;Z] buds ijh{k.k dh fof/k;ka] rdksa dk fLFkjhdj.k] fLFkjhdkjdksa dk oxhZdj.k]
lk/kkj.k] fLFkjhdkjd o muds xq.k] lw{e 'kkjhfjdh fLFkjhdkjd] dksf'kdh; fLFkjhdkjd rFkk rd jklk;fud fLFkjhdkdj] rd
izlaLdj.k] izfrn'kZ laxzgj.k] yscy djuk] fLFkjhdj.k] futZyu] Li"V djuk] lallspu] vur% LFkkiuk] lSD'ku dkVuk] ekbksVkse o
muds pkdw dkVus dh rduhdsa] lsD'kuksa dk vkjksi.k] fgehd`r [k.M] vfHkjatu jax o muds xq.k] vfHkjatu dk fl)kUr]
fgesVkfDlyhu o bvksflu ds lkFk vfHkjatu rduhdsa] lkekU; ,oa fo'ks"k vfHkjatu] fodSYlhdj.k] flFkjhdj.k] vafre fcUnq
fudkyuk] mnklhuhdj.k o izlalk/ku] ,Dl Qksfy,fVo dksf'kdk foKku] izfrn'khZ ds izdkj o laj{k.k] vkyksiksa dh fufeZr o
flFjhdj.k] iSfiudksykM flFkjhdj.k] laj{k.k] izn'kZu] 'ko ijh{kk rduhd] lgk;rk vaxksa dk laj{k.k o rd dk izlalk/ku] vif'k"V
fuiVku o iz;ksx'kkyk esa lqj{kkA
iape iz'u&i=
fpfdRldh; jksx foKku ,oa izkS|ksfxdh
xdh
60 vad
bdkbZ&1&fpfdRldh; jksx foKku
40 vad
fpfdRldh; jksx foKku
ew= fo'ys"k.k&&lkekU;
la?kVd] HkkSfrd ijh{k.k] jklk;fud o lw{en'khZ; ijh{k.kA
k.k&&
fo"Bk fo'ys"k.k&&lkekU;
la?kVd] vlkekU; la?kVdA
k.k&&
cyxe fo'ys"k.k&&HkkS
k.k&& frd lw{en'khZ] jklk;fud oxhZdj.kA
oh;Z fo'ys"k.k&&HkkS
k.k&& frd xq.k] vkdkfjdh xfr'khyrkA
#f/kj foKku
foKku
#f/kj foKku dk ifjp;&&jDr
ifjp;&& laxzg] izfr LdandA
yky jDr dks'kk&&gheks
kk&& lkbVksehVj] fof/k;k] x.kukA
'osr jDr dks'kk&&fof/k;k
kk&&
] x.kukA
#f/kj fo'ys"k.k&&gheks
k.k&& Xyksfcu ek=k vkadyu] yky #f/kj dksf'kdkvksa dh vkdkjdh rFkk x.kuk] 'osr #f/kj dksf'kdkvksa
dh lEiw.kZ x.kuk] T.L.C., D.L.C., IysVysV x.kuk] E.S.R., ijh{k.k] #f/kj lewg dh tkapA

151

bdkbZ&2&

20 vad

lhjksykWth&lhje
Xywdkst dk fu/kkZj.kA
h&
lhje fcyks#fcu&dq
fcu& y o izR;{k fcyks#fcu dk fu/kkZj.kA
lhje fyfiM&lhje
fyfiM&
dksysLVky dk fu/kkZj.k] th0Vh0Vh0 izksVhu jfgr ukbZVkstul ;ksfxd&lhje ;wfj;k] ;wfjd ,flM o
fVuhu dk fu/kkZj.k] lhje izksVhu] ,0th0 vuqikr] lhje ,atkbe&Vkla ,sehukst] th0vks0Vh0] th0ih0Vh0 QkLQsVl~ ,Ydykbu o
,flM QkLQsVl~ dk fu/kkZj.kA ,ek,yst dk fu/kkZj.kA lhje dSyf'k;e] QkLQksjl] lksfM;e] iksVsf'k;e DyksjkbM dk fu/kkZj.kA
foMky o oh0Mh0vkj0,l0] czqlYyk ,XywfVus'ku ijh{k.kA
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iw.kkZad&400
mRrh.kkZad&200
bdkbZ&1&fpfdRlk iz;ksx'kkyk&
fiisV] LykbM] dojfLyi] flfjat] lqb;ka] jDr dksf'kdk x.kd] ruqdkjd] fiisV] LykbM] thokf"od ijh{k.kksa esa iz;qDr dkap
ds lkeku lkQ djuk] ik'pj fiisV] foMksyd] dkap dh V~;wc eksM+uk rFkk /kkcu cksry vkfn cukuk] midj.kksa ds mi;ksx o ns[k&js[k
dh fof/k dk izn'kZu] lqj{kk rjhdksa dk izn'kZuA laked dkjdksa tSls&HBsAg fgiSVkbfVl&ch o ,M~l ds lqjf{kr gLVu dk izn'kZuA
izkFkfed lgk;rk&iz
lgk;rk& kFkfed lgk;rk fdV o mldh lkefxz;ksa dh igpku] fofHkUu izdkj dh ifV~V;ksa o [kifPp;ksa dks cka/kukA
Hkkstu ,oa iks"k.k&
fuEufyf[kr HkksT; inkFkksaZ dh igpku ,oa mudk iks"k.k ewY;&vukt] nkys]a v.Mk] nw/k] Qy] gjh o iRrsnkj lfCt;ka] esok]
eNyh] ekal] olk ,oa rsyA
fofHkUu 'kjhj f;kRed voLFkkvksa ds fy, Hkkstu rkfydk dk izn'kZu&o;Ld de Je rFkk dBksj ifjJe okys xHkZorh
efgyk] Lrjiku djkus okyh efgyk] f'k'kq fo|ky; tkus ds iwoZ rFkk ckn ds cPpksa dk HkkstuA
bdkbZ&2&'kjhj f;k foKku&
lw{enf'kZ;ksa dk v/;;u iwoZ esa 'kkjhfjdh esa lfEefyr jDr vkysi] yh'keSu dk vfHkjatu] 'osr jDr d.kksa ds izdkj rFkk
mudh vody x.kuk] uCt] rkieku rFkk 'olu vfHkysf[kr djuk Vh0ih0vkj0 rkfydk dh ns[kHkky O;k;ke dk Vh0ih0vkj0 ij
izHkko ;g d{kk ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds e/; fd;k tk ldrk gS jDrpki midj.k ikjs okyk dk izn'kZu rFkk jDrpki vfHkfyf[kr djukA
jksx foKku&
jksx foKku laxzgky; dk nkSjkA
tSo foKku&
iz;ksx'kkyk ds dkap ds lkekuksa ls ifjfpr gksuk nzo ekiu rFkk Bksl inkFkZ rkSyus dh ewy rduhdsa] dkap ds lkekuksa dh
lQkbZ] Bksl o nzoksa dks izFkd djukA
bdkbZ&3&izkVs hu jfgr ukbVkstUl ;kSfxd&
lhje ;wfj;k] ;wfjd vEy o ffVuhu dk fu/kkZj.k] lhje izksVhu o ,0th0 vuqikr dk fu/kkZfjr] lhje bysDVksQksjsfll ,oa
ftad lYQsV] VfcZfMVh ijh{k.kA
lhje ,Utkbe&
d Vkal ,fecst th0vks0Vh0 o th0ih0Vh0 dk fu/kkZj.kA
[k QkLQsVst ,Ydykbu o ,flM QkLQsVst dk fu/kkZj.kA
x ,ek;ystst dk fu/kkZj.kA
lhje fcfy#fcu&dq
fcfy#fcu& y o izR;{k fofy#fcu dk fu/kkZj.kA
lhje fyfiM&lhje
dksysLVky dk fu/kkZj.kA
fyfiM&
;d`
;d`r dk;Z ijh{k.k&;d`
ijh{k.k& r dk;Z ijh{k.kA vU; 'kkjhfjd nzoksa ij eSnkfud ijh{k.kA
bdkbZ&4
fo"kk.kq foKku&moZ
foKku& j v.Ms esa lajksi.k o fofHkUu ekxksaZ ls lajksi.kA
dod foKku&xks
foKku& ys] vkysi o lao/kZu }kjk dodh; ijh{k.kA

152

rd izks|ksfxdh&fLFkjhdj.k]
izlalk/ku] lapsru o p;u LykbMksa dks dkVdj rS;kj djuk] pkdw rst djuk] fLFkjhdkjd
xdh&
rS;kj djuk] fodSYlhd`r djus okys nzo] LykbM ij lsD'ku dks fpidkuk] dksf'kdk foKku] vkysi dks fufeZr o fLFkjhdj.k rFkk ifiu
dksyk vfHkjatu rduhdsa] fiatjksa dh lQkbZ] 'ko ijh{kk ,oa fuiVkuA
bdkbZ&5
&5
fpfdRldh; jksx foKku&
v.M] iqjh] vehck] olk d.k] ,DtwMsV ds fy, fo"Bk ijh{k.kA fu;fer ew= dh tkapA
cyxe&fo'ys
cyxe& "k.kA
oh;Z&'kqk.kqvksa dh vdkfjdh] x.kuk] xfr'khyrkA
lhjksyksth&foMky]
ch0Mh0vkj0,y0] czwlYyk&,XywfVus'ku ijh{k.k] vkj0vkbZ0,0lh0vkj0ih0,0,l0vks0 iky cwzusy ijh{k.k
h&
ds fy, lkyeksusyk fufeZrA ijthfo;ksa ds ijh{k.k ds fy, fo"Bk lkexzh dk laxzg.k] laj{k.k o LFkkukUrj.k vfHkjaftr o vu
vfHkjaftr fo"Bk lkexzh dh fufeZr] fo"Bk dh lkUnzrk rduhdsaA ijthfo;ksa dk laj{k.k] fo"Bk esa v.Ms o iqVh igpkuukA
midj.kksa dh lwph ,oa ewY; fu/kkZj.k
0 la0 midj.kksa ds uke
vuqekfur ewY;
1
2
3
#0
1
la;qDr lw{en'khZ
3]500
2
folaked
1]500
3
gkV IysV fo|qr
1]000
4
cqUlu cuZj lfgr xSl flfy.Mj
800
5
fLifjV ySEi
25&izfr
6
est ij j[kus ;ksX; vidsUnz.k ;a= vFkok 12 cdsV lfgr
200
7
jsfQztjsVj 165 vFkok 230 yh0
5]000
8
dSyksjhekih
1]500
9
xeZok;q vou
3]000
10
ty "ed
300
11
fjaxj Vkbej
1]500
12
fo'ys"kd rqyk
200
13
HkkSfrd rqyk 2 ;k 5 fd0
500
14
VkbijkbVj
3]000
15
yse QksVksehVj
10]000
16
LisDVks QksVksehVj
10]000
17
ywvksjksehVj
10]000
18
NksVk xkek dkm.Vj
14]000
19
oksYVst LVscykbtj
500
20
cksVsZDl feDlj
400
21
vkj0vkbZ0,0 V~;wc vidsfUnzr djus ds fy, vidsUnzd ;a=
4]000
22
ih0 ,p0 ehVj
2]500
23
xeZ ok;q Cyksvj
2]000
24
37ls0 bUD;wcsVj
2]000
25
eQy HkV~Bh
500
26
bysDVks Qksjsfll
3]000

153

iz;ksx'kkyk lkexzh
0la0

lkexzh dk uke

vuqekfur ewY;

#0
27

lknh 'kh'ks dh LykbMsa

28

uhfMy

29

fLifjV

30

#bZ

31

Lislhesu V~;wc dkM~lZ lfgr

32

Xykl LizsMj

33

LykbM ckDl ikyhFkhu

34

VsLV V~;wc ekbjsDl

35

;wjhu ySDl

36

VsLV V~;wc cz'k

37

VsLV V~;wc gksYMj

38

VsLV V~;wc LVS.M

39

fLifjV ySEi

40

chdj

41

;wfjuksehVj

42

eStfjax flys.Mj 50 ,e0,e0

43

FkekZehVj

44

Mkij

45

QkjlsIl

46

dkap Xykl

47

fiisV

48

isuflyhu cksrysa

49

'kkgyh MheksXyksfcuksehVj

50

'kkgyh xzsM,~ VsM fiisV

51

NksVh Xykl jkWM

52

Mkfiax fiisV

53

,DtkcsZUV isij

54

fyaVel isij

55

C;wjsV

56

Mkij cksry

57

iz;ksx'kkyk jlk;u

7]500

7]500

154

11 VsVsM jaxhu QksVksxzkQh


QksVksxzkQh f'k{k.k ds mn~ns';&
1 ;g ,d ,slk fo"k; gS ftldh dksbZ Hkk"kk ugha gS vFkkZr~ vui<+ Hkh fp=ksa ls dgkuh jp ysrk gSA
2 tulapkj dk lcls iz[kj ,oa lqUnj ek/;e gSA
3 Lojkstxkj ds fy, lcls ljy] egRoiw.kZ midj.k gSA ;g vko';d ugha gS fd Lor% jkstxkj ds fy, vf/kd foLr`r
Kku gksA O;kolkf;d n`f"Vdks.k ls vR;f/kd /ku vtZu djus dk vfr ljy ek/;e gSA
[v] midj.kksa dk ;&fc;A
[c] midj.kksa dk j[k&j[kko rFkk muds =qfV;ksa dk lek/kkuA
[l] O;kogkfjd thou esa 'kknh C;kg@mRlo Nk;k&fp=.kA
[n] O;olk;hdj.k LVwfM;ksA
4 vkS|ksfxd {ks= esa blls iz[kj rFkk /kuksiktZu dk ljy ek/;e nwljk fo"k; ughaA
[v] QS'ku QksVksxzkQhA
[c] ekMfyaxA
[l] vkS|ksfxdA
[n] vUrfjd Nk;k fp=.kA
[;] HkwxHkZ ls jgL;ksa dk KkuA
5 bl cnyrs gq, vk/kqfud dEI;wVjhd`r ;qx esa Nk;k&fp=.k fo"k; dk ,d vf}rh; peRdkj 'kY; fpfdRlk ,oa
euksoSKkfud fp=.k djus esa ;ksxnkuA
[v] tfVy ls tfVy 'kjhj ds vUnj fNis jksxksa dks tkuuk ,oa fuokj.k] tSls vYVklkm.M] ,e0,e0vkj0] tks
dEI;wVj dh enn ls 'kjhj ds fdlh Hkh Hkkx dk FkzhMkbesU'kuy fp= nsus esa lgk;dA
[c] euksjatu ds {ks= esa blls lqUnj vkSj c`gn dksbZ fo"k; ugha gS&tSls NksVs cPpksa dh euksoSKkfud fLFkfr dks
/;ku esa j[krs gq, dkVZwu fp=A
[l] ohfM;ks] Vsyhohtu] pyfp=.k ,d iz[kj euksjatu dk ek/;e tks iwjs lalkj esa ns[ks tk ldrs gSa vkSj ljkgs
Hkh tkrs gaSA
6 f'k{k.k ds {ks= esa Nk;k fp=.k ls tfVy vkSj lqUnj dksbZ 'kkL= ugha gS D;ksafd bl fo"k; dh xgjkbZ ls v/;;u rHkh
lEHko gS tc Nk= HkkSfrd foKku] jlk;u foKku] xf.kr] bysDVkWfud rFkk jpukRed dyk dk Kkuh u gksA
7 mPpLrjh; f'k{k.k ds fy, ,d izHkko'kkyh ek/;e ls vkt gekjk ns'k ,oa if'peh ns'kksa esa fo'ks"k dj iBu ikBu ds
fy, mi;ksx fd;k tk jgk gSA
8 Hkkjr tSls ns'k esa lhekvksa ij j[k&j[kko ds fy, bUkjsM QksVksxzkQh ds }kjk ns'k dh lqj{kk dh tk jgh gSA
9 fofHkUu ns'k vius ekufp=ksa dks Nk;k&fp=.k ds ek/;e ls vafdr djrs gSaA ns'k dh j{kk ds fy, vuqla/kku ds dk;ksZa esa
fo'ks"kdj ykHkizn gSA
10 dyk dh n`f"V ls QksVksxzkQh ,d lqUnj ek/;e gS tks u dsoy LokUr% lq[kk; gS vfirq tuleqnk; ds fy, euksjatu
,oa yksdfiz; gSA
11 Nk;k&fp=dkj ds :Ik esa Nk;k fp=dkjA
[v] vkS|ksfxd x`gksa esaA
[c] eqnz.kky; esaA
[l] 'kks/k laLFkkvksa esaA

155

[n] laxzgky; esaA


[;] foKku vfHkdj.kksa esaA
[j] dyk Hkouksa esaA
[y] oU; thou Nk;k&fp=dkj ds :Ik esaA
[o] izkd`frd lkSUn;Z fp=dkj ds :Ik esa dk;Zjr gSA
12 vU; d{k izkfof/kd Nk;k&fp=.k v/;kid 'kSf{kd laLFkkuksa esaA
13 LorU= :Ik ls Nk;k fp=dkfjrkA
[v] [ksydwn Nk;k fp=dkjA
[c] lekpkj Nk;k fp=dkjA
[l] vijk/k Nk;k fp=dkjA
[n] lalnh; lekpkj Nk;k fp=dkj ds :Ik esaA
ikB~;e
1&bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA
2&ikB~;e esa fn;s x;s iz;ksxkRed lwph ds lHkh iz;ksxksa dks djuk vfuok;Z gSA
3&vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa
&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=

1
2
3
4
5
6

Nk;k fp=.k (Photography) ifjp;


laf{kIr bfrgkl] mi;ksfxrk rFkk QksVks midj.k
ysal&Qks
& dy ysal] vijpj] {ks= dh xgurk] fjtkfYoax ikoj] ilZisfDVo] ,safxy vkQ C;w] vkd`fr vkdkjA
'kVj rFkk
rFkk 'kVj LihM&jks
LihM& VsfVax fMLd'kVj] dEI;wVj 'kVj] Qksdy Iysu 'kVj] 'kVj flksukbts'kuA
O;w Qkb.Mj
Qkb.Mj rFkk jsUt QkbUMj&Mk;js
QkbUMj& DV fotu] xzkm.M Xykl rFkk niZ.k] xzkm.M Xykl vkSj fizTe] jsUt
Qkb.MjA
Qksdflax fMokbl&fQDLM
Qksdflax] ysal ekm.V Qksdflax] xzkm.M Xykl Qksdflax] jsUt Qkb.Mj Qksdflax]
fMokbl&
fjysDlQksdflax rFkk isUVkfizTe QksdflaxA
fQYe VkUliksVZ eSdsfute&1
ute& eSuqvy] 2 vkWVks okbfUMaxA
,Dlikstj dkm.Vj] ysl dUVsDV] ykfeax flLVe] lsYQ VkbxjA

10
10
10
10
10
10

156

f}rh; iz'u&i=
Msoyfiax ,.M fizfVax
1&Qks
QksVks
VksxzkfQd jlk;u&Ms
18
jlk;u& oyij] LVki cFk] fQDlj] gkMZuj] osfVax ,tsUVA
2&fQYe
fQYe izkslsflax&
18
d fofHkUu fof/k;ka
[k fofHkUu izdkj ds Msoyij
x fo'ks"k Msoyij&Vkfidy] HkkSfrd] eksuksokFkA
3&le; rki o fgykus dk Msoyij ij izHkko] v.Mj rFkk vksoj MsoysiesUVA
8
4&fuxsfVo dh dfe;ka] fjMsD'ku] bUMsUlhfQds'kuA
8
5&QkWx o mlds izdkj o mudk fuokj.kA
8
r`rh; iz'u&i=
ysUl
1 fizfVax dh fof'k"V fof/k;ka %
24
ofuZx] Mkftax] osxfufVax] fMLVk'kZu] djsD'ku] fM;qtu ;k lkV Qksdl] QksVksxzkQ] cklfjyksd lksyjkbZts'ku]
lksyjkbZts'ku
2 jax laLdkj rFkk mlds izdk'k&jlk;fud] /kkrqfo/k] MkbZ Vksfuax] jksVfpax o fQfuf'kaxA
12
3 lEc) milk/ku %
dSejk LVS.M VkbZikWM
isfuax fVYV gsM] ysUl gqM] dsfcy] fjyht] ,Dlikstj] ehVj] ,DlVsa'ku V;wc] ,DlVsa'ku oSysj] Vsyh duoVZjA
24
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
bUMksj QksVksxzkQh
1 fLVyykbQ rFkk Vscy Vki QksVksxzkQh&
20
v fofHkUu izdkj ds oLrqvksa ds vkdkj VsDlpj rFkk VksUl ds fy, Nk;k fp=.kA
c fofHkUu izdkj ds oLrq muds lewg rFkk j[k&j[kko dh O;oLFkk izdk'k ds ifjizs{; esa%
2 yS'k QksVksxzkQh %
40
v ifjp;] fl)kUr] izdkj] iz;ksx ,oa vk/kqfud ;qx esa bldk egRoA
c yS'k ;wfuV D;k gS rFkk blds izdkjksa dk v/;;u
l fo"k;oLrq ij MkbjsDV yS'k dh O;oLFkk ,oa mfpr Mkbxzke ds ek/;e ls v/;;uA
n EkYVhiy yS'k D;k gS ,oa blds iz;ksxA
; fQy&bu yS'k D;k gS ,oa iz;ksxA
j yS'k ls lEc) milk/kuksa dk iz;ksx] ,Dlikstj rFkk mldh leL;k;saA
iape iz'u&i=
jaxhu Nk;k fp=.k
1 flusesVksxzkQh&
40
v bfrgkl] fl)kUr rFkk vk/kqfud Hkkjr esa cqfu;knh rduhdA
c jpukRed flusesVksxzkQh dh dyk&xfr dk dEiksth'ku Qzse ds vUnj@Qzse ds ckgjA
l pyfp= ds {ks= esa rhoz xfr QksVksxzkQh dk ;ksxnku] LVki eks'ku rFkk Vkbe ysIl] QsM] vkmV&QsM
bu fMtkYo] dV dk pyfp= esa egRoA

157

n pyfp= ds {ks= esa ,sfues'ku dkVZwu Nk;k fp=.k rFkk vU; fof'k"V rduhdh dk iz;ksxA
; pyfp= QksVksxzkQh dh izkslsflax rduhd rFkk vko';d midj.k dk v/;;uA
j ,fMfVax] VkbfVfyax rFkk iztsUVs'kuA
y /ofu] vadu iz.kkyh rFkk rduhdA
o pyfp= QksVksxzkQh esa nwjn'kZu vkSj ohfM;ks dSejk ds vk/kkjHkwr fl)kUr] rduhd ,oa iz.kkyhA
flksukbTM
IlA
kbTM VsIlA
2 dkW
ihbax&
20
dkWihba
dkWihbax ds fy, midj.kA
mi;qDr dSejk vkSj fQYeA
izdk'k O;oLFkkA
fuxsfVo vkSj MqIyhdsV VkUlisUlht LykbM dk fuekZ.kA
VsM&jaxhu QksVksxzkQh
iz;ksxkRed lwph
1 125 ,0,l0,0 dks iSksesfVd fQYe ls ,d yky xqykcksa ds xqynLrs dks ftlesa gjh ifRr;ka gks rFkk i`"BHkwfe esa
uhyh Lhu gS] fp=] fuEu fQYVjksa ds }kjk [khpsaA
1 ihyk fQYVj] 2 ukjaxh fQYVj 3 xgjk ykyA
vkmV Mksj fp= ysus ds fy, fuEu lkfj.kh dk iz;ksx djsaxs rks lHkh fp= lgh ,Dlikst gksaxsA
ftruh fQYe dh xfr gksxh mlh ds vuqlkj 'kVj LihM ysaA mnkgj.k ;fn gekjh fQYe 125 ,0,l0,0 dh gS rks 'kVj
LihM 1@25 ls0 gksaxs%
'kVj LihM&lsd0
125
pedrk lw;Z
pedrk lw;Z
lw;Z cknyksa ls f?kjk
dkys ckny
cjkUMs esa oLrq
lkQ vkdk'k
ckny ;qDr vkdk'k
vR;f/kd gYdh ijNkbZ dksbZ ijNkbZ ugha
xgjh ijNkbZ
gYdh ijNkbZ
vijpj ,Q0 16
,Q0 11
,Q0 8
,Q0 5-6
,Q0 4
ij fLFkr n'kk esa fofHkUu fp= [khaps] Msoyi djsa rFkk muds fizUV cuk;saA
bl izdkj izkIr fuxsfVoksa dks fizUV djds fVhlkbt djsaA
2 dqN vPNs fuxsfVoksa dks ysa vkSj muds czksekbM isij ij 2] 4] 8] 4] 6 xquk buyktZesaV cuk;saA
1 fofHkUu vkdkj ds vPNs fizUVksa dks fuEu vksfuax ?kksyksa esa Vksu djsaA
2-1 lhfia;k Vksu&lks
& fM;e lYQkbM }kjk
fizUV dks fuEu ?kksy esa Cyhp djsa&
iksVkf'k;e czksekbM
5 xzke
iksVkf'k;e Qsjhlk;ukbM
1 xzke
ikuh
100 lh0lh0
Cyhfpax ds mijkUr fizUV dks Hkyh&Hkkfr ikuh esa /kks ysaA
vc fizUV dks
lkksfM;e lYQkbM
4 xzke
ikuh
100 lh0lh0
ds ?kksy esa Mky nsaA fizUV Hkwjk ;k lhfi;k Vksu esa vk tk;sxkA
uksV&
& i lksfM;e lYQkbM ?kksy esa mRiUu xSl QksVksxzkQh lEcfU/kr oLrqvksa ds fy, gkfudkjd gS bl iz;kksx dks [kqys LFkku ij djsaA

158

ii lksfM;e lYQkbM ?kksy dks detksj u gksus nsaA detksj ?kksy vPNs Vksu ugha nsrk gSA 20 izfr'kr ?kksy Hkh vf/kd le;
rd ugha fVdrk gSA ;g viuh rkdr dks /khjs&/khjs [kksrk tkrk gSA
iii lksfM;e lYQkbM ?kksy dks detksj u gksus nsaA detkksj ?kksy vPNs Vksu ugha nsrk gSA 20 izfr'kr ?kksy Hkh vf/kd
le; rd ugha fVdrk gSA ;g viuh rkdr dks /khjs&/khjs [kksrk tkrk gSA
2-2 gkbiks&,ye&}kjk
lhfi;k VksfuaxA
,ye&
loZ izFke fizUV dks QkeZyhu ;k ,ye ds ?kksy esa l[r gkMZ dj ysaA
gkbiks
40 xzke
ikuh
200 lh0lh0
bl ?kksy esa 10 xzke ,ye dks feyk;saA
iz;ksx ds fy, bl ?kksy dk rki 40 fMxzh ls0 ls 50 fMxzh ls0 rd gksuk pkfg, vFkkZr~ ?kksy vf/kd xje gksuk pkfg,A
bl ?kksy dh [kkl ckr gS fd og nks pkj fizUV dks Vksu djus ds mijkUr gh mRre Qy nsrk gSA vr% dqN iqjkus [kjkc fizUVksa dh
bl ?kksy esa Vksu dj ysuk pkfg, fQj ftl fizUV dks Vksu djuk gks mls bl ?kksy esa <ky ysaA bl dk;Z esa 10&30 feuV dk le;
yx ldrk gSA BaMs ikuh dk iz;ksx u djsaA
2-3 dkij lYQs
lYQsV }kjk Vksfuax&
?kksy ,&dkij lYQsM
1 xzke
iksVsf'k;e lkbVsV
5 xzke
ikuh
100 lh0lh0
?kksy&ch iksVsf'k;e lYQsV
8 xzke
iksVkfl;e lkbVsV
5 xzke
ikuh
100 lh0lh0
iz;ksx ds fy, , rFkk ch dks cjkcj ek=k esa ysA bl ,+ch ?kksy esa fizUV dks Mkys rFkk mfpr Vksu vkus ij fudky ysaA
2-4 uhyk Vksu&
?kksy ,
iksVsf'k;e Qsjh lk;ukbM
2 xzke
xU/kd dk lkUnz rstkc
4 cwan
?kksy ch
Qsfjd veksfu;e lkbVsV
2 xzke
xU/kd dk rstkc lkUnz
4 cwan
bLrseky ds fy, ,+ch dks cjkcj ek=k esa ysaA bl ?kksy esa fizUV rqjUr uhys gks tkrs gS vr% bl ?kksy dks 3 xquk ikuh
esa fMY;wV dj ysuh pkfg,A
3 ?kVko fjMDLu
Qkjej fjM~;wlj
?kksy ,
gkbiks
10 xzke
ikuh
100 lh0lh0
?kksy ch
iksVsf'ke; Qsjh lk;ukbM
2 xzke
ikuh
100 lh0lh0
iz;ksx ds fy, 5 lh0lh0 , dk rFkk 5 lh0lh0 ch dks ysdj rqjUr bLrseky djsa vU;Fkk ;g ?kksy /khjs&/khjs [kjkc gks
tk;sxkA
vf/kd Msoyi rFkk vf/kd ,Dlikstj okys fuxsfVo ;k fizUV dks lgh ?kuRo esa ykus ds fy, bl ?kksy esa fuxsfVo ;k fizUV
Mkydj fgykrs jgrs gSa mfpr /kuRo vkus ij mUgsa ikuh ls Hkyh izdkj /kks ysrs gSa vkSj fQj lq[kk ysrs gSaA
4 rhczhdj.k] buVsUllhfQds'ku
okbks
okbkseVs fof/k&tks
fof/k& Hkh fuxsfVo v.Mj Msoyi jg tk; mls ukeZy cukus ds fy, okbksesV buVsfUlQk;j dk iz;ksx
djrs gSaA

159

loZizFke fuxsfVo dks&


iksVsf'k;e MkbkseVs

1 xzke

ikuh

100 lh0lh0

,p0lh0,y0 dkUd0

5 lh0lh0

ds ?kksy esa Cyhp dj ysaA


Cyhfpax ds mijkUr fQYe dks rc rd /kksosa tc rd ihyk jax gV u tk;A vc fdlh ukeZy Msoysij esa fuxsfVo dks
Msoyi dj ysaA bl f;k dks rc rd nqgjkos tc rd bfPNr ?kuRo izkIr u gks tk;A
5 :Ik fp= iksVsV fofHkUu fLFkfr ds izdk'k vjsatesUV O;oLFkk esa cuk;saA
mnkgj.k&45
mnkgj.k& fMxzh 60 fMxzh lkbV vkfnA
6 fdlh ?kuh vksoj ,DliksTM rFkk Msoyi fuxsfVo ds ?kuRo dks [kqjpdj de djsa fjVfpax ehfM;e ls isfUly dk dk;Z
djsaA fuxsfVo ds pedhys lrg ij yky jax yxk dj mls gYdk djsaA czksekbM isij ij vk, fiu gksy dks isfUly ;k cz'k }kjk
fudkysa rFkk mHkkM+saA
7 QksVksxzkQ ;k 'kSMksxzke ;k fcuk dSejs ds fp= cukukA
fofHkUu oLrqvksa dks iRrh] dkap ds f[kykSus] xys dh psu vkfn dks czksekbM isij ds ij MkdZ :e esa ltk ysa vc lQsn
izdk'k dks ;k ykbV dks ,d ;k nks lsds.M ds fy, tyk nsaA fQj isij dks Msoyi dj fQDl dj ysaA QksVksxzkQ rS;kjA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
1&dkUVsDV fizUV cukukA
2&fizUV dh okf'kax] Xysftax rFkk fQfuf'kaxA
3&nl fizUVl 7 x 9 bap dk fofHkUu fo"k;ksa ij ,d iksVZQksfy;ks rS;kj djukA
4&fizafVx dh fu;af=r fof/kA
5&Mksftax] ofuZx vkfn dk iz;ksx djds bUyktZesUV cukukA
6&yktZ rFkk ehfM;e QkjesV ds dSejksa dk iz;kksxA
7&fofHkUu O;oLFkkvksa vkSj i`"B Hkwfe;ksa ds lkFk iksVsVA
8&flj vkSj dU/kk iwjk psgjk] 3@4 psgjk vkSj izksQkbyA
9&3@4 rFkk iwjs vkdkj dk iksVsVA
10&fofHkUu nwfj;ksa] vkdkjksa rFkk jaxksa ds rhu ls ikp oLrq dk Nk;k fp=kaduA
11&,d lh/ks yS'k dk iz;ksxA
12&ckmUl yS'k dk iz;ksxA
13&vEczSyk yS'k dk iz;ksxA
14&fofHkUu izdk'k n'kkvksa esa jaxhu fQYeksa dk mn~HkkluA
15&mn~Hkklu fQYVj lfgr rFkk fQYVj jfgrA
16&fQYe izkslsflax rFkk fizfUVxA
17&dyj fuxsfVo cukuk rFkk VkUlisjsUlht LykbM dh MqIyhdsfVaxA
18&jaxhu Nk;k fp=.k&dk;Z'kkykvksa dk ifjHkze.k rFkk vk[;k rS;kj djukA
19&flusesVksxzkQh&dk;Z'kkyk ds ifjHkze.k rFkk vk[;k rS;kj djukA
20&ewoh dSejs dh tkudkjh rFkk lapkyu ,oa vuqj{k.kA

160

izkstsDV odZ
fn;s x;s fuEu izkstsDV dk;Z esa ls fdlh ,d izkstsDV ij dk;Z djuk vfuok;Z gSA
LVst QksVksxzkQh Mkal] ukVd dykdkjksa dk Nk;kfp=.k] dqEgkj] QS'ku] jpukRed VscqyVki] QksVksxzke okf"kZd ijh{kk esa
ijh{kd ds le{k izkstsDV dk;Z izLrqr djuk vfuok;Z gSA izkstsDV dk;Z 20 vadksa dk gksxkA
mnkgj.k&
fnukad
iz;ksx ua0 1
fo"k;&,d fuxsfVo dk dkUVsDV fizUV cukukA
midj.k&dkUVsDV fizfVax Qzse] fuxsfVoA
isij dk iz;ksx&,XQk lxy csV ukeZyA
,Dlikstj&10 ls0 60 okV ySEi ls 3 QhV dh nwjh ijA
Msoyfiax le;&90 ls 68 Qk0 rki ijA
fQfDlax le;&5 feuVA
?kqyus dk le;&1@2 ?kaVk cgrs ikuh esaA
ifj.kke&mRre
fujh{k.k&fuxs
fujh{k.k& fVo ds dqN vf/kd ,Dlikst gksus ds dkj.k vf/kd ,Dlikstj nsuk iM+k ftlls lgh fizUV cu ldsA fuxsfVo
dks gYdk lk fjM~;wl djus ls fuxsfVo ds ?kuRo dks de fd;k tk ldrk gSA lgh VsLV fLVi fudky dj lgh Msoyfiax le; rki ds
vuqlkj nsuk pkfg,A vf/kd ,Dlikstj rFkk vf/kd Msoyfiax fdlh Hkh ewY; ij ugha djuk pkfg,A
Date

..

Example

..

Experiment No. 1

Object

..

To prepare a contact print of a given negative.

Apparatus

..

Contact printing frame.

Paper used

..

Agla single wt. glossy, normal.

Exposure given

..

10 sec. from a 60 wt. lamp at a distance of 3 ft.

Developing time

..

120 sec. at temp 68o F.

Fixing time

..

6 Min.

Washing time

..

1/2 hour in running water.

Result

..

Satisfactory.

Observation

..

The negative was slightly over exposed hence a


longer exposure was required for a correct print.
By reducing the negative to lesser density this
over exposure problem can be solved.

Precautions

..

Care must be taken in taking cut the test strips


and correct developing time must be given at the
temp. Over exposure and over developing must be

avoided.

161

EQUIPMENT NECESSARY FOR COLOUR PHOTOGRAPHY


Sl. no.

Equipment

Make

Country

Cost

5
Rs.

35 mm. SLR Camera

Nikon

Japan complete

80,000.00

One Med Format Camera

Mamiy

,,

,,

50,000.00

One Umatic Video Camera

Betacam

,,

,,

1,50,000.00

One VHS Camera

Sony

,,

,,

50,000.00

One color Head Enlargers

Sony

,,

,,

60,000.00

One Multi Media Computers

Wiper

,,

,,

50,000.00

One Color Head Enlargers

Drust

Italy complete

1,50,000.00

Four Black & White Enlargers

KB India

India

20,000.00

Six Electronic Lights

Pro Blitz

Japan

40,000.00

10

One Air-Conditioner

Videocon

India

40,000.00

11

Two Film Dryer

Philips

India

20,000.00

12

Refrigerator

BPL

India

25,000.00

13

Two Stereo Tape recorders

BPL

India

50,000.00

14

One Heavy Duty Generator Set

Voltas

India

50,000.00

15

Miscellaneous Expenditures

..

..

50,000.00
Total

(T.V. Video
Digital)

88,50,000.00

Furnished Air-conditioned
Studio

40,00,000.00

One Televison Camera

1,50,00,000.00

Complete Colour Lab.

20,00,000.00
Total 2,10,00,000.00

RECURRING
20

Umatic Tapes

Panasonic

Japan

30,000.00

40

VHS Tapes

Panasonic

Japan

20,000.00

40

Audio Tapes

Sony

Japan

10,000.00

Studio Back Grounds

Sony

Japan

10,000.00

Color Sensitive Material

Kodak

Germany

50,000.00

Black & White Sen Material

Kodak

Germany

80,000.00
Total

3,20,000.00

162

BOOKS RECOMMENDED
1. Photography Theory & Practice
:
L.P. Clerc Vol. I & II
2. The Reproduction of Color

R. W. G. Hunt

3. High Speed Photography & Photonics

Sidney F. Ray

4. Photographic Developing in Practice

Geoffrey Attridge

5. An Introduction to Color

Relph M. Evans

6. Instant Film Photography

Michael Freeman

7. Photographic Optics

Authur Cox

8. The Book of Nature Photography

Heather Angle

9. Male Photography

Michael Busselle

10. Basic Motion Picture Technology

L. Bernard happe

11. Photographic Evidence

S. G. Ehrtich

12. Photography in school : A Guil for Teachers :

Robert Leggat

13. Fillming for Pleasure & Profit

Ches Livingstone

14. Motion Picture Camera Data

Dareid W. Samuelson

15. T. V. Lighting Method

Gerald Millerson

16. 16 mm. Film Cutting

John Burder

17. Script Continuity and the Production Secretary

Avril Rowlands

18. Motion Picture Film Processing

Domnic Oase

19. Basic T. V. Staging

Gerald Millerson

20. The Focal Guide to Cibachrome

Jack h. Coote

21. The Focal Guide to Camera Accessories

Leonard Gaunt

22. Focal Guide to Larger Format Cameras

Sidney Ray

23. Photographic Skies

David Charles

24. Photo Guide to Portraits

Gunter Spitzing

25. Focal Guide to Color Film Processing

Derek Watkins

26. QksVksxzkQh] mlds fl)kUr rFkk rduhd

fgeka'k frokjh

12 VsM&jsfM;ks ,oa jaxhu Vsyhfotu


mn~ns';&js
;& fM;ks ,oa Vsyhfotu vk/kqfud ;qx esa euksjatu dk l'kDr ek/;e rks gS gh lkFk gh fo'o ds ,d Nksj ls nwljs
Nksj rd v|ru lwpuk rFkk lekpkj izlkfjr djus dk Hkh lcy ek/;e gSA vkt ;g foykflrk dh oLrq u jgdj Kku lao/kZu ds
fy, vko';d vko';drk curh tk jgh gSA budh ekax rFkk lsok dk izlkj rhczrk ls gks jgk gSA vr% dqN Nk=ksa dks bl VsM esa
f'k{k.k nsuk ykHkdkjh fl) gks ldsxkA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1&jsfM;ks rFkk Vsyhfotu fuekZ.k djus okyh dEifu;ksa esa ukSdjh ik ldrk gSA
2&fdlh jsfM;ks rFkk Vsyhfotu dh nqdku ij jkstxkj ik ldrk gSA
3&jsfM;ks rFkk Vsyhfotu dh ejEer dh nqdku [kksydj Lojkstxkj dj ldrk gSA

163

4&jsfM;ks rFkk Vsyhfotu ds Lis;j ikV~lZ dh nqdku [kksydj Lojkstxkj dj ldrk gSA
5&Mksj Vw Mksj lsok ds vUrxZr [kjkc jsfM;ks] VkfUtLVj ,oa Vsyhfotu lsVl~ dks yksxksa ds ?kj ij tkdj ejEer djds
vPNk /kuksiktZu dj ldrk gSA
6&jsfM;ks Vsyhfotu Vsfuax lsUVj [kksy ldrk gSA
7&nks cSaM ds jsfM;ks cukuk] LVscykbtj rFkk Vh0 oh0 dk fuekZ.kA
ikB~;e&bl
e& VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kaVs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadks dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
100 vad iz;ksxkRed dk;Z
ckg~; ijh{kk gsrq
100 vad izkstsDV dk;Z
fVi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dh fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
fVi&
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZd
a ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
rjax xfr ,oa /ofu dk fl)kUr
1&rja
rjaxks
xksa dk v/;kjksi.k&nks
.k& lzksrksa ds dkj.k Lisl esa O;fDrdj.k] foorZu dh ladYiuk] foLiUn dh ?kVuk] foLiUnksa dh
x.kukA
20
2&vizxkeh rjaxsa&c) ek/;e] vizxkeh rjaxs] fuLian vkSj izLiUn] c) ek/;e ds dEiuh dh yk{kf.kd izo`fRr;ka] Mksjh
,oa vk;q LrEHkksa ds dzl vuR; la'kks/ku tSlh ckjhfd;ka ugha lksuks ehVj] eSfYMl dk iz;ksx] vuqukn LrEHk vkSj dqUn
ufydkA
20
3&MkIyj
vko`fRr dh x.kuk djukA
20
&MkIyj dk fl)kUr&vkHkklh
fl)kUr&
1 tc izs{kd] lzksr dh vksj xfreku gksA
2 tc izs{kd ls nwj tk jgk gksA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
fo|qr RkFkk
RkFkk fo|qr~ pqEcdRo dk fl)kUr
d fo|qr&~
1 /kkfjrk&/kkfjrk
dh ifjHkk"kk] xksykdkj pkyd dh /kkfjrk] vkosf'kr pkyd dh tkZ] la?kkfj= dk fl)kUr]
/kkfjrk&
lekUrj IysV la/kkfj= dh /kkfjrk] xksykdkj la?kkfj= dh /kkfjrk] Js.kh dze rFkk lekUrj dze esa la?kkfj=ksa dk la;kstuk] la/kkfj=
dh tkZA
15
2 oS|qr pkyu&vEy]
{kkj rFkk yo.k ds tyh; foy;u esa oS|rq pkyu vk;ru oS|qr vi?kVu QSjkMs ds oS|qr
pkyu&
vi?kVu ds fu;e] QSjkMs la[;k xSlksa esa oS|qr pkyu] /kkrqvksa esa oS|qr pkyu] vkse dk fu;e] /kkjk ?kuRo] izfrjks/k] fof'k"V
izfrjks/k pkydrk] fof'k"V pkydrk] rki ifjorZu dk izfrjks/k rFkk fof'k"V izfrjks/k ij izHkko] izfrjks/k dk rki xq.kkadA
15

164

[k fo|qr~ pqEcdRo&
1 fo|qr pqEcdh; izsj.kk&pq
.kk& Ecdh; yDl] fo|qr pqEcdh; izsj.k ds fy, QSjkMs dk fu;e ls izsfjr fo|qr okgd
cy dk ykjsat cyksa ds vk/kkj ij O;k[;kA fo|qr /kkjk tfu= Mk;ueksa ,0lh0] Mh0lh0 dk fl)kUrA Loizsj.k] LoizjdRo ij
ksM ds inkFkZ dk izHkkoA izsj.kh; ifjiFk esa /kkjk ds mRFkku vkSj {ks= dk xzkQh; o.kZu miifRr ugha vU;ksU; izsj.k dks
ifjHkk"kkvksa] ksM inkFkZ ij fuHkZjrk] VkUlQkeZj xq.kkRed ljy /kkjk ehVj dk izfrdwy fo|qr okgd cyA
2 izR;korhZ /kkjk ifjiFk&oks
ifjiFk& YVrk rFkk /kkjk dk le; ds izfr xzkQh; fp=.kA oksYVk ,oa /kkjk rFkk /kkjk esa dykUrjA
oxZ ek/; ewy eku v'o 'kfDr okYghu /kkjk pksd] dq.MyhA fdlh ifjiFk esa dEiu ,oa vko`fRr ,d fLizax ij yxs fi.M ds
dEiuksa ls rqyukA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
csfld bysDVkfuDl
1&fo|q
fo|qr ,oa fo|qr L=ksr&fo|q
& r /kkjk ds izdkj&fn"V /kkjk] izR;korhZ /kkjk] fn"V /kkjk ,oa izR;korhZ /kkjk ds L=ksrA
2&la
la/kkfj= rFkk mlds izdkj&la
kj& /kkfj= ;k ikfjxz dfilVj ;k d.MsUlj] ek=d la/kkfj= ij fofHkUu dkjdksa dk
izHkko] dk;Z foHko] la/kkfj= ds izdkj&LFkk;h] ifjorhZ] v)Z ifjorhZ] cukoV ds vk/kkj ij&ekbdk] isij fljsfud]
iksfyLVj] bysDVksykbfVd] ok; xSUx] fVej ;k isMj] la/kkfj=ksa dk la;kstuA
3&yykmM Lihdj&la
Lihdj& jpuk] dk;Zfof/k] vkfM;ks vkorhZ] vuqf;k pA
4&eYVhehVj&
eYVhehVj&la
eYVhehVj& jpuk] dk;Zfof/k] oksYVehVj] vehVj] vkse ekih dh rjg] mi;ksx] lqxzkfgrk] xq.k&nks"kA
5&v)Z
v)Z pkyd&'kq
pkyd& ) pkyd] v'kq) v)Z pkyd&ih0 rFkk ,u0 izdkj ds v)Z pkyd] bysDVkfud lajpukA
cgqla[;d rFkk vYila[;d vkos'kokghA
6&Mk;ks
Mk;ksM&fu;kZ
& r Mk;ksM&lajpuk o vfHky{k.k o] ih0,u0 lfU/k Mk;ksM&lajpuk] dk;Zfof/k rFkk vfHky{k.k oA
fuokZr Mk;ksM rFkk ih0,u0 lfU/k Mk;ksM esa vUrjA Mk;ksM ds mi;ksxfn"Vdkjh rFkk lalwpd ds :Ik esaA lsrq
fn"Vdkjh&ifjiFk] dk;Zfof/k] fuos'kksa rFkk fuxZr rjax :iA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
VkaftLVj rFkk VkaftLVj jsfM;ks
1 VkaftLVj vfHkxzkgh&vfHkxz
kgh dk Cykd vkjs[k o dk;Z&fof/k] fofHkUu voLFkkvksa dk foLr`r fooj.k jsfM;ks
gh&
vko`fRr izo/kZd] duousj] vkbZ0,Q0 izo/kZd] fMVsDVj rFkk Jo; izo/kZdA
2 Vsi jsdkMZj&vkfM;ks
Vsi fjdkMZj ds eq[; Hkkx rFkk mudh dk;Z&iz.kkyhA
&
3 nks"k fuokj.k&V
fuokj.k& kaftLVj vfHkxzkgh dh fofHkUu voLFkkvksa ds izeq[k nks"k o fuokj.k] Vsi&fjdkMZj esa laHkkfor nks"k o
mudk fuokj.kA
iape iz'u&i=
'osr&';ke rFkk jajaxhu Vsyhfotu
1&'osr&';ke Vsyhfotu ds fuEu laHkkxksa dh dk;Z fof/k ,oa nks"k] Vh0oh0 ikoj lIykbZ Vh0oh0 ds dkeu lsD'ku]
ohfM;ksa lsD'ku] vkfM;ks lsD'ku] flUd lsD'ku] ,0th0lh0 Lopkfyr xsu dUVksy] gksfjtUVy lsD'ku] ofVZdy
lsD'ku rFkk bZ0,p0Vh0 ,DlVk gkbZ Vsa'ku lsD'kuA
2&'osr&';ke Vsyhfotu rFkk jaxhu Vh0oh0 esa eq[; vUrj izkFkfed jax] dyj fefDlax F;ksjh] lspqjs'ku kfeusU'k
L;wfeusUl] g~;wA
3&lkfyM LVsV&jaxhu Vsyhfotu ds fofHkUu Hkkx] muds dk;Z ,oa eq[; nks"kA fjeksV dUVksy dh lkekU; tkudkjhA
4&Vsyhfotu cwLVj dh dk;Z iz.kkyh rFkk mldk Vsyhfotu esa mi;ksx rFkk vko';drkA
5&dsfcy Vsyhfotu dh lkekU; tkudkjhA
6&Vsyhfotu ejEer ds fy, vko';d midj.kA
7&Vsyhfotu ejEer dh nqdku ds fy, vko';d lkexzhA
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z dk ikB~;e
1&nks cSaM ds VkaftLVj vfHkxzkgh dks cukuk rFkk mudk ijh{k.k djukA
v ehfM;e cS.M rFkk 'kkVZ osoA
vFkok
c ehfM;e cS.M rFkk ,Q0 ,e0A

15
15

10
10
10
10
10
10

20
20
20

9
9
9
9
8
8
8

165

2&cS.M fLop dh ok;fjax djukA


3&vfHkxzkgh dk ,ykbuesUV djukA
4&vfHkxzkgh esa nks"k fuokj.kA
5&'osr&';ke Vsyhfotu fdV dh lgk;rk ls vlsEcy djuk rFkk muds nks"k fuokj.k fudkyukA
6&iSVuZ tujsVj dh lgk;rk ls Vsyhfotu dk ,ykbuesUVA
7&Vsyhfotu esa cwLVj dk mi;ksx rFkk mudk ijh{k.kA
8&fofHkUu izdkj ds ,.Vhuk dh tkudkjh rFkk mi;ksxA
9&jaxhu Vsyhfotu ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa eYVhehVj ds }kjk ijh{k.k djuk rFkk nks"k fuokj.k djukA
10&Vsyhfotu esa fjeksV yxkukA
izkstsDV dk;Z lwph
izkstsDV dk;Z ds fy, izkstsDVksa dh lwph fuEuor~ gS&
1&fu;af=r ikoj lIykbZ (o. 30v, 1A)A
2&nks cS.M okyk vfHkxzkghA
3&fdV dk iz;ksx djds Vsi&fjdkMZj ,lsfEcy djukA
4& fdV dk iz;ksx djds 'osr&';ke Vh0oh0 cukukA
5&10 okV dk 'kfDr izo/kZdA
6&Vh0oh0 ds fy, iz;ksx esa vkus okyk LFkk;hdkjd LVsfcykbtjA
7&Vh0oh0 izn'kZu fMekaLVs'ku ekMy ftlesa nks"k&fuokj.k fd;k tk ldsA
bl lwph ds vfrfjDr fo"k; v/;kid Lofoosd ls fOk"k; ls lEcfU/kr mi;qDr izkstsDV Hkh cuok ldrs gSaA f'k{kd fo|kfFkZ;ksa
dks lewg esa izkstsDV vkoaVu dj ldrs gSa ijUrq izkstsDV cukuk vfuok;Z gSA
izk;ksfxd vadksa dk foHkktu fuEu izdkj ls izLrkfor gS&
vkarfjd ijh{kd
200 vad
okg~; ijh{kd
izk;ksfxd ijh{kk
100 vad
izkstsDV
100 vad
;ksx--- 200 vad
jsfM;ksa ,oa jaxhu Vsyhfotu rduhd midj.kksa dh lwph
e&la[;k midj.k dk uke
la[;k
vuqekfur
vuqekfur
ewY;
a ewY;@v0
1
2
3
4
5
#0
#0
1
25
35-00
875-00
lksYMfjax vkbju 25w. 35w
2
dVj
25
10-00
250-00
3
ukst Iyk;j
25
10-00
250-00
4
dkEchus'ku Iyk;j
25
15-00
375-00
5
Lw Mkboj lsV lsV vkQ 16
25
100-00
2500-00
6
fpeVh Vohtj
25
3-00
75-00
7
cz'k baLVwesUV lkQ djus ds fy,
10
20-00
200-00
8
Qkby jsrh QysaV] jkm.M Vsxyj
10 lsV
50-00
500-00
9
csap okbl
5
50-00
250-00
10
gS.M fMy
5
40-00
200-00
11
gsDlk rFkk gsDlk CysM
5
20-00
100-00
12
Lisuj lsV fjap lsV
5
75-00
375-00
13
gSej gFkkSM+h NksVh
5
20-00
100-00

166

1
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

VsfLVax cksMZ VsfLVax cksMZ esUl cksMZ


pkj ;k ikp Iyx lkdsV okyk
eYVh ehVj fMftVy ,ukykx
cSVjh ,fyfeusVj
oksYVst jsxqyVs j Vh0 oh0 LVsfcykbtj
'osr&';ke 51 ls0eh0 oh0 lsV
'osr&';ke 36 ls0eh0 Vh0oh0 lsV
flxuy tsujsVj vkj0 ,Q0
iSVuZ tsujsVj
VkaftLVj fdV
VsifjdkMZj eksuks
Vw bu ou VsifjdkMZj rFkk VkaftLVj
jaxhu Vsyhohtu lsV nks vyx&vyx izdkj ds
bysDVkfud dEiksusUV rFkk lksYMj
dSFkksM js vkfLldksLdksi
vkj0 lh0 ,y0 fczt
vkfM;ks vkfLlysVj

10
10
15
10
2
5
2
2
25
5
5
2
-2
1
2

4
#0
40-00

5
#0
400-00

225-00
125-00
150-00
3500-00
1500-00
2500-00
1500-00
140-00
500-00
650-00
7400-00
-14000-00
4000-00
2000-00
;ksx - -

2250-00
1875-00
1500-00
7000-00
7500-00
5000-00
3000-00
3500-00
2500-00
3250-00
14800-00
5000-00
28000-00
4000-00
4000-00
96]92596]925-00

iqLrdsa&
1&jsfM;ksa ,oa Vsyhohtu rduhd&ys0 egsUnz flag] lchj flag] Hkkjr izdk'ku eafnj] 142,] fot; uxj] osLVuZ dpsgjh
jksM] esjB&ewY; 125 #0 yxHkxA
2&Vsyhohtu bathfu;fjax&ys0 okbZ0 Mh0 'kekZ] Hkkjr izdk'ku ,.M dEiuh] osLVuZ dpsgjh jksM] esjB&ewY; 100 #0
yxHkxA
3&jsfM;ksa ,oa Vsyhohtu rduhdA
4&Vsyhohtu lfoZflax eSuqvyA
5&Vsyhohtu lfoZflax eSuqvy
jkt ifCyds'ku] dsnkj dkEiyDl] nsgyh xsV] esjB
6&dyj Vsyhohtu lfoZflax eSuqvy
izR;sd dk ewY; yxHkx 25 #0
7&fjeksV vkijsfVax ,.M lfoZflax eSuv
q y
8&dyj dksM xkbM

13
13 VsM&vkW
&vkWVkseksckby
ms';
1vf/kdka'k tula[;k dk fuokl xko esa gS] ftuds fy;s vkus tkus dk lk/ku rFkk eky <ksus dk lk/ku dsoy okguksa
}kjk gh miyC/k djk;k tk ldrk gSA ,slh txgksa esa jsy miyC/k ugha gS] mu okguksa dh ejEer gsrq 'kgj esa vkuk iM+rk gS
rFkk vf/kd /ku [kpZ gksrk gS] ftldks cpkus ds fy;s vkWVkseksckbYl dk izf'k{k.k vko';d gSA blds }kjk ge vius okguksa dks
xzkeh.k {ks= esa Hkh ejEer djus ds ckn pyk ldrs gSa rFkk viO;; dks cpk ldrs gSaA
2csjkstxkjh nwj djus esa lgk;d gksrk gSA
Ldksi
1xSjst [kksy ldrk gSA
2fMIyksek bath0 esa f}rh; o"kZ esa izos'k ys ldrk gSA
3Lis;j ikVZl~ dh nqdku [kksy ldrk gSA
4fdlh Hkh vkWVkseksckby QSDVh esa ukSdjh dj ldrk gSA
5fdlh Hkh laLFkku esa ,d o"kZ dk vizsfUV'kf'ki izf'k{k.k izkIr dj ldrk gSA

167

ikB~;e
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadk dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
d lS)kfUrd
iw.kkd
mkh.kkd
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
100
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
300
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
200
400
okg~; ijh{kk
200
vkUrfjd ijh{kk ds vad vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk fn;s tk;saxsA ftldk fooj.k fuEu gS %
{ks=h; dk;Z
dk;ZLFky ij izf'k{k.k
mifLFkfr
fyf[kr dk;Z
nks o"kks esa ikp
ekSf[kdh
;ksx
izfr"Bkuksa rFkk
;ksx
vuq'kklu
VsLV fy;s tk;saxs
'kSf{kd Hkze.k
10
20
50
20
100
100
200
okg~; ijh{kk ds vad ifj"kn~ }kjk fu;qDr ijh{kd }kjk fn;s tk;saxsA
vad foHkktu
nh?kZ iz;ksx
nh?kZ iz;ksx
y?kq iz;ksx
y?kq iz;ksx
ekSf[kd iz;ksx ds izSfDVdy uksV
;ksx
lw
p
h
ds
vk/kkj
ij
cq
d
1
2
1
2
40
40
20
20
40
40
200
izFke iz'u&i=
vkWVkseksckbYl dk ifjp; batuksa ds izdkj o ikV~Zl
iw.kkd % 60
1- dEizs'ku bXuh'ku batums';] batu dh cukoV Vw LVksd batu] Qksj LVksd batu Vw rFkk Qksj LVksd batu
dk;Zfof/k] nks rFkk pkj LVksd batuksa esa vUrj] Mhty rFkk isVksy batu esa vUrj] lqij pktZj] ukfdax] fMVksus'ku] dkYifud
rFkk okLrfod P-V vkjs[k vkfn fooj.kA
2- okYo vkWijsfVax eSdsfuTeokYo] iz.kkyh dh vko';drk ,oa dk;Z] fofHk izdkj ds okYo vkWijsfVax eSdsfuTe
LykbfMax okYo] vksoj gsM fyfVax vkfn iq'kjkM] jkWdsV vkeZ] fLizax] okYo lhV] okYo xkbM vkfn dk fooj.kA
3- bUVsd] ,XtkLV ,oa lkbysUljbuVsd flLVe] bUVsd esuh QksYM] ,XtkLV flLVe] ,XtkLV esuh QksYM] lkbysUlj]
lkbysUlj ds izdkj] eQyj] eQyj ds izdkj] dSVsfyd dUoVZj] vkWVkseksckbYl esa iznw"k.k jfgr O;oLFkk gsrq fofHk ;wjks ds ckjs
esa fooj.kA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
batu ds flLVeksa dk fooj.k ,oa mudh dk;Z iz.kkyh
iw.kkd % 60
1- ;wy lIykbZ flLVe Mhtyifjp;] batsD'ku ls rkRi;Z] ;wy QhM iEi] ;wy batsD'ku iEi] ;wy bUtsDVj]
;wy fQYVj] xouZj] xouZj ds izdkj] uksty ds dk;Z dk fooj.k o fofHk izdkj dh ukWty] mijksDr lHkh ds izdkj] dk;Z]
mi;ksx] j[kj[kko vkfn dk fooj.kA
2- bXuh'ku flLVe ,oa fo|qr~ ifjp;] bXuh'ku flLVe ds dk;Z] bXuh'ku flLVe ds izdkj eSXusfVd rFkk cSVjh
bXuh'ku bXuh'ku DokW;y] dUMsUlj] fMLVhC;wVj] jsX;wyVs j] LikdZ Iyx] LikdZ Iyx ds izdkj] Xyks Iyx] vkWDVsu] lhVsu uEcj]
b/ku dk "eh;eku] fofHk izdkj ds batuksa ds Qk;fjax vkMZj vkfn dk;Z izHkkj] Hkkx] mi;ksx] j[kj[kko ,oa lko/kkfu;ksa dk
fooj.kA
3- lgk;d midj.kifjp;] Mk;ueksa] lsYQ] vYVjusVj] pkyekih] dV vkmV] fjys] gkWuZ] bUMhdsVj] cYo] yS'kj]
esu Lohp] niZ.k] luokbtj] ohM Lhu okbtj] okrkuqdwyu] cSVjh] cSVjh ds Hkkx] cSVjh dh VsfLVax] pkftx mijksDr lHkh ds
dk;Z] j[kj[kko vkfn dk fooj.kA

20
20
20

20

20
20

168

r`rh; iz'u&i=
batu ds fofHk dUVksy iz.kkfy;k] VSfQd :y ,oa lqj{kk ds mik;
iw.kkd %
1- ikjs"k.k flLVeDyp] Dypksa ds izdkj] Dyp ds Hkkx] flafxy o eYVh IysV Dypksa dk fooj.k] j[kj[kko nks"k ,oa
nks"k fuokj.k vkfn dk fooj.kA xh;j ckWDl] xh;j ckWDl ds izdkj ljdos eS'k] fLFkj eS'k] flksul vkfn dk fooj.k] ikWoj
LFkkukUrj.k psu Mkbo] xh;j] csYV Mkbo ;wfuolZy gqDl TokbUV] izksisyj 'kkV] fMQjsfUl;y xh;j] jh;j ,Dly vkfn]
izdkj] dk;Z] mi;ksx] j[kj[kko ,oa lko/kkfu;ksa dk fooj.kA
2- LVs;fjax] UV ,Dly rFkk lLisU'kuLVs;fjax] LVs;fjax ds izdkj oxZ vkSj lsDVj] oxZ rFkk jksyj] oxZ rFkk uV
oxZ rFkk oxZ Oghy] oxZ vkSj uV fon ljdqysfVax cky Vkbi DyksIlfoy dkWye] vdjeSu LVs;fjax] ikWoj LVs;fjax] LVs;fjax
Oghy] LVs;fjax T;ksesVh dkWLVj] dSEcj] dEckbUM ,axy] fdax fiu] buDyhus'ku] Vks bu Vks vkmV fLizax] fLizax ds izdkj] 'kkWd
,ctkoZj] 'kkWd ,ctkoZj ds izdkj] Lora= lLis'a ku] UV ,Dly] UV ,Dly ds Hkkx vkfn ds izdkj] dk;Z] mi;ksx] j[kj[kko
,oa lko/kkfu;ksa dk fooj.kA
3- czd
s flLVeifjp;] czsd dh vko';drk] czsd ds izdkj] eSdsfudy] gkbMksfyd] bysfDVd] eSXusfVd] ,;j czsd]
oSD;we rFkk fMLd czsd] ikWoj ,oa ikfdx czsd czsd flLVe ds Hkkx Me] czsd ykbfuax] czsd dsfcy;k] czsd jkWM] ekLVj
flys.Mj] Oghy] flys.Mj] czsd dk leatu] czsd 'kw] czsd flLVe dk CyhM djuk] czsd ,MtLVesUV] Oghy] fje] Vk;j] Vk;j ds
izdkj jsfM;y] V~;wcysl VSDVj Vk;j dk jksVs'ku] czsd vkW;y ,oa V~;wc vkfn dk fooj.k] mi;ksx] dk;Z] j[kj[kko ,oa
lko/kkfu;ksa dk v/;;uA
prq
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
e'khu Mkbax
iw.kkd % 60
1- js[kkvksa rFkk Bkslksa ds iz{ksiyEc dks.kh; vkFkksZxzkfQd vkblks eSfVd iz{ksi] izFke dks.kh; rFkk r`rh; dks.kh;
iz{ksi esa vUrj] lk/kkj.k Bksl inkFkks 'kadq] csyu] o`k] xksyk] fizTe] fijkfeM vkfn {kSfrt rFkk /okZry ry ij
lk/kkj.k iz{ksiA
2- lrgksa ij fodklifjp;] fodkl dh fof/k;k] lrgksa dk fodkl 'kadq] ?ku] csyu] fizTe] fijkfeM fcuk
dfVax fd;sA
3- yEc dks.kh; iz{ksi (Orthography)ifjp;] ,sfyos'ku Iyku] lkbM O;w] ry dk fl)kUr] izFke dks.k iz{ksi
rFkk r`rh; dks.kh; iz{ksi] izFke rFkk r`rh; iz{ksi esa vUrjA
4- eqDr gLr Mkbax
v fofHk izdkj ds QkLVulZ
uV] cksYV] fjosV] pkHkh] dkWVj] LVM] LiULM 'kkV] QkmUMs'ku oksYVA
c vkSt+kj
fjUp] ispdl] gFkkSM+h] xqfu;k] dSyhilZ ofuZ;j] bulkbM] vkmV lkbM] tSuh ekbksehVj] lk/kkj.k
Ldsy] gS.M okbl] gSDlk] lhekxst] jh;j] lkbuokj] Vsuulk] ok;jxst] fQyjxst] Iykl vkfnA
l lk/kkj.k e'khu ikVZl~
fiLVu] okYo] LikdZ Iyx] XyksIyx] fQYVj] vizLFk dkV Vk;j] nks LVksd rFkk pkj LVksd batu dh
f;kfof/k] okYo Vk;feax Mk;xzke] dusfDVax] isVksy flLVe] lLisU'ku flLVe] izksiyj 'kkV] fMQjsfU'k;y] xouZj]
bUtsDVj] Mhty flLVe] ykbfVax flLVe vkfnA
n pwfM+;k
pwfM+;ksa ds Hkkx] izdkj] muds ladsrA
iape iz'u&i=
eSdsfudy xf.kr
iw.kk
.kkd % 60
1- batu {kerk dh x.kuk ;fn cksj ,oa LVksd fn;k gks lk/kkj.k x.kukA
2- dwfyax flLVe ij vk/kkfjr lk/kkj.k x.kukA
3- bXuh'ku DokW;y ij vk/kkfjr lk/kkj.k x.kukA
4- yhQ rFkk DokW;y fLizax ij vk/kkfjr lk/kkj.k x.kuk rFkk fLizax dk lkeF;Z Kkr djukA
5- vUrnZgu batu ds fy;s IHP, BHP, FHP esa lEcU/k bl ij vk/kkfjr lk/kkj.k x.kukA
6- czsd flLVe esa ikLdy ykW ij vk/kkfjr lk/kkj.k x.kukA
7- izfroy] fod`fr] izR;kLFkrk ds izdkj] lw= vk/kkfjr lk/kkj.k x.kukA

60

20

20

20

15
10
15
20

06
08
08
10
10
08
10

169

iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
v nh?kZ
nh?kZ iz;ksx
1vksoj ghfVax ds fy;s dwfyax flLVe dh tkap djuk] jsfM;sVj [kksyuk] lQkbZ djuk] dSuosYV ,MtLV djukA
2dkcksZjVs j rFkk ;wy iEi dh lQkbZ djuk] fujh{k.k djuk] fQV djukA fQYVj rFkk ,vj Dyhuj dh lQkbZ rFkk
iqu% fQV djukA
3batsD'ku flLVe esa yxs bUtsDVj] ukWty] iEi fQYVj vkfn dks psd djuk] lQkbZ djuk ,oa fQV djukA
4batu [kksyuk] psd djuk] lQkbZ djuk] [kjkc ikV~Zl cnyuk] iqu% fQV djuk rFkk LVkVZ djds psd djukA
5se rFkk psfll dk fujh{k.k] lLisU'ku fLizax rFkk 'kkd ,CtkcZj dh lfoZflax djuk rFkk fQV djukA
6ykbZ Oghy rFkk izs'kj IysV dksftx djuk] fjax xh;j dks ykbZ Oghy ls mrkjuk rFkk psd djds p<+kuk] Dyp
IysV dks nqckjk ykbfuax djuk] fQV djukA
7,vj czsd ,MtLV djuk] ,vj dEizs'ku VSd ;wfuV rFkk Oghy czsd ,MtLV djuk] ikbi ykbu dh gok dk
yhdst ns[kuk rFkk mls nwj djukA
8gkbMksfyd cszd] oSD;we owLVj dk mrkjuk] lgh djuk] czsd oSD;we lgk;d dks ,MtLV djukA
9xSl fdV iSfdax tSls ykWd uV fLIyV fiu] ykWd ok'kj] ok;j ykWd vkfn psd djuk rFkk fQV djukA
10batu ds vkW;y lfdZV dk irk djuk vkSj vkW;y iEi] vkW;y fQYVj dh lfoZflax vkSj izs'kj ds fy;s okYolsV
djukA
c y?kq iz;ksx
1gsM rFkk oSd ykbV ,MtLV djukA
2cSVjh dh lfoZflax djuk] fMfLVyokVj Hkjuk] cSVjh pktZ djukA
3dkcksZjVs j dh vksojgkWfyax rFkk vkbfM;y LihM ij lsV djukA
4bysfDVdYl gkWlZ dks ,MtLV djukA
5,vj Dyhuj dh vksojgkWfyax djukA
6;wy VSad dh lQkbZ djukA
7batu dh V~;wfuax djuk rFkk VsLV djukA
8eksVj lkbfdy dh lfoZflax rFkk fjis;fjax djukA
9bUtsDVj dh vksojgkWfyax djuk] psd djuk] fQV djukA
10LVh;fjax] lLisa'ku rFkk Vkaleh'ku flLVe dk v/;;u djukA
11eSdsfudy iEi dh vksojgkWfyax djukA
12vehVj] oksYVehVj dk iz;ksx djukA
midj.kksa dh lwph
batu ikV~Zl ,oa ekWMy
1nks LVkd
s batu isVksy rFkk Mhty ekWMy01 lsVA
2pkjLVksd batu isVksy rFkk Mhty ekWMy01 lsVA
3flys.Mj CykWdA
4flys.MjA
5flys.Mj gsMA
6dusfDVax jkWMA
7dSUd 'kkVA
8dSe 'kkVA
9fiLVu] fiLVu fiu rFkk fiLVu fjaxA
10LikdZ IyxA
11ukWty rFkk iEiA
12okYo rFkk VsisMA
13- dkcksZjsVjA
14jsfM;sVj rFkk okVj iEiA
15xh;j ckWDlA
16fMjsaf'k;y xh;j ,oa jh;y ,DlyA
17izksisyj 'kkVA

170

18Oghy] Vk;j] V~;wc] fje rFkk aV ,DlyA


19LVs;fjax flLVeA
20'kkd ,CtkcZj fLizxa rFkk yhQA
21se rFkk psfllA
22ykbZ Oghy rFkk Dyp IysVA
23vkW;y fQYVjA
24iSfdax rFkk xSlfdVA
25czsd flLVe Oghy] Oghy flys.Vj rFkk ekLVj flys.VjA
26lsYQ ,oa Mk;ueksaA
27gkWuZA
28;wy VSadA
29cSVjhA
VwYl
1ispdl fofHk izdkj ds
2fjap fofHk izdkj ds
3gFkkSM+h fofHk izdkj ds
4VkdZfjap Lis'ky Vkbi
5,y dh lsV ,ysu dh
6Iykl fofHk izdkj ds
7Nsuh fofHk izdkj dh
8,MtsLVsfcy fjap
9ikbi fjap
10tSd Lq rFkk gkbMksfyax
11xzhl xu
12vkW;y dSu
13fo;fjax iqyj
14Iyx fjap
15gSDlk
16VSi rFkk MkbZ
17uV] cksYV rFkk dh
18fofHk izdkj dh jsrh
19bUlqys'ku Vsi
20rkj
21cYc VsfLVax gsrq
22fugkbZ
23eSxusV iqyj

05
05
02
02
01
04
01
02
02
02 lsV
02
05
02
02
02
05
01 lsV
01
01
02
01
02

171

ehtfjax (Measuring Tools)


1ofuZ;j dSfiylZ
2ekbks ehVj
3eYVhehVj
4Ldsy
5VkbZ LDok;j
6Iyx xSi xst
7fQyjxst
e'khu ,d lsV
1Iyx VsfLVax e'khuA
2okf'kax e'khuA
3dEizs'kj e'khu gok Hkjus gsrqA
4gok psd djus dh e'khuA
5gS.M fMfyax e'khuA
6ckbl csUpA
7gkbMksehVjA

02
02
02
02
02
02
02

14 VsM&eqnz.k
mn~ns';
1fo|kFkhZ dks eqnz.k O;olk; ls lEcfU/kr jkstxkj dh tkudkjh rFkk izf'k{k.k nsukA
2ljdkjh rFkk xSj ljdkjh {ks=ksa esa eqnz.k m|ksx gsrq dq'ky dfeZ;ksa dk fodkl djukA
3f'kf{kr dfeZ;ksa ds fodkl }kjk eqnz.k O;olk; esa lq/kkj ykukA
lek;kstu ds volj
1 osruHkksxh
[d] dEikst+hVjA
[[k] e'khu vkWijsVjA
[x] cqd ckbUMjA
[?k] iwzQ jhMjA
[] vU; izsl dkfeZdA
2 Lojkstxkj
[d] NksVs iSekus ij futh eqnz.k O;olk; pykukA
[[k] futh izdk'ku O;olk; LFkkfir djukA
[x] ft+YncUnh fMCcs rFkk fyQkQs vkfn dk futh O;olk; pykukA
ikB~;e
d lS)kfUrd
)kfUrd
iw.kkd
mkh.kkd
izFke iz'u&i=
75
25
f}rh; iz'u&i=
75
25
300
r`rh; iz'u&i=
75
25
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
75
25

100

172

[k iz;ksxkRed
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
okg~; ijh{kk

200
200

400

uksVijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkd 25 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed esa
50 izfr'kr mkh.kkd ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
v{kj ;kstuk
1 v{kj ;kstu dh fof/k;ksa dk laf{kIr ifjp;] gLr v{kj;kstu] ;kaf=d v{kj;kstu rFkk QksVks v{kj;kstuA

15

2 gLr v{kj;kstu ds fl)kUr;kstu of"Vd esa eki cka/kuk] ikB~; oLrq dk v{kj;kstu] iSjk bXus'ku] 'kCnksa ds
e/; Lisl yxkuk] iafDr iwjh djuk] iafDr ds vUr esa 'kCnksa dk foHkktu] cM+s dSfiVy rFkk Leky dSfiVy v{kjksa dk iz;ksx]
dkys rFkk frjNs v{kjksa dk iz;ksxA lanHkZ fpUg] fofHk izdkj rFkk mi;ksx] la;qDrk{kj rFkk muds mi;ksx] dfork rFkk Vsfcy
lEcU/kh v{kj;kstu] izwQ mBkuk] v{kj;ksftr lkexzh dk eqnz.kksijkUr forj.kA

15

3 izwQ i<+ukizwQ ds izdkj] izwQ okpd rFkk dkWih /kkjd] izQ


w jhfMax fpUg] izwQ i<+rs le; dh lko/kkfu;kA

15

4 fofo/k v{kj;kstu dk;Zfuea=.k&i=] ysVjgsM] fcy QkWeZ] jlhnsa] iksLVj vkfn ds eqnz.k gsrq v{kj;kstuA

15

5 vkdyu dk;Zfu/kkZfjr yEckbZ dh iafDr esa fn;s gq;s eki ds Vkbi ds ^^,u** dh la[;k Kkr djuk] i`"B dh
yEckbZ esa iafDr;ksa dh la[;k Kkr djukA

15

f}rh; iz'u&i=
'u&i=
eqnz.k lEcU/kh fofo/k izf;k ,oa eqnz.k lkefxz;k
1 eqnz.k lEcU/kh fofo/k izf;k;sa
1vkQlsV IysVfyFkksxzkQh dk fl)kUr] vkQlsV IysV dk mi;ksx rFkk mlds cukus dh lEiw.kZ :ijs[kkA

15

2MkbZ dk;Zifjp;] MkbZ ,atkfeax] fizafVax] dfVax rFkk hftax] MkbZ ds fofHk izdkj rFkk muds mi;ksxA

15

2 eqnz.k lkefxz;ka
1cksMZfofo/k izdkj ,oa muds mi;ksxA

15

2vkoj.k lkexzhdkxt] diM+k] vkW;y DykWFk] jSDlhu rFkk peM+k] fofHk izdkj ,oa mi;ksxA

15

3flykbZ lkexzh/kkxk] rkj] Mksjk rFkk QhrkokaNuh; xq.k] izdkj ,oa mi;ksxA

15

r`rh; iz'u&i=
izsl dk;Z
1&i`"Bk;kstu bEiksft'ku
pkj] vkB rFkk lksyg i`"Bksa ds fy;s lkekU; i`"Bk;kstu] ckjg i`"Bksa dk i`"Bk;kstuA

15

2&iks
"k.k yqfdax vi
25
2&iks"k.k
eqnz.k pkSdBs pst esa QesZ dk ik"k.k djuk] iks"k.k esa iz;qDr gksus okys la;a= ,oa Hkjd lkexzh QuhZpj vkfn]
dksVs'ku rFkk Hkjd lkexzh ds fofo/k izdkj rFkk mudh mi;ksfxrk] fofHk izdkj ds Dok;Ul rFkk iks"k.k ;qfDr;kA
Lopkfyr IysVu rFkk flfy.Mj e'khuksa dh lkekU; fof'k"Vrk;sa rFkk mi;ksfxrkA
3&vkWQlsV eqnz.k

20

vkWQlsV eqnz.k dk fl)kUrvkWQlsV flfyUMj e'khu dh lajpukRed :ijs[kk rFkk dk;Z djus dk laf{kIr fooj.kA
4&xzsC;ksj eqn.z k
fl)kUr xzsC;ksj e'khu dh lajpukRed :i-js[kk rFkk dk;Z djus dk laf{kIr fooj.kA

15

173

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
ftYncUnh rFkk ifj"dj.k f;k;sa
1 fMCckcUnh
fMCckcUnh rFkk fyQkQk cukuk

15

midj.k ,oa laf;k;saA


2 fofo/k laf;k;sa

25

iafpax] ijQksjsfVax] vkysfVax] baMfDalx] jkm.M dkjufjax] yscqy iaftax] ksftax bR;kfnmidj.k ,oa f;k;saA
3 vkSjaxk rFkk vkoj.k lTtk

15

vkStkj] lkefxz;ka rFkk laf;k;saA


4 js[k.k dk;Z

20

midj.k ,oa ;a=ksa dk o.kZu] fofHk izdkj ds js[k.k dk;ZA


iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
1 v{kj;kstu dk;Z
d fdrkch&,dy rFkk cgqLrEHkh dk;Z] ist esdviA
[k dfork lEcU/kh dk;ZA
x tkWc lEcU/kh dk;Zfuea=.k i=] foftfVax dkMZ] ysVj gsM] jlhnsa] QkWeZ bR;kfnA
?k cgqjaxh dk;Z gsrq Vkbi eSVj dk i`Fkd~dj.kA
2 izwQ mBkukizwQ i<+uk rFkk rn~uqlkj eSVj dk 'kks/kuA
3 forj.k dk;ZA
4 i`"Bk;kstu vH;klnks] pkj rFkk vkB i`"Bksa dk i`"Bk;kstuA
5 iks"k.k,d] nks] pkj rFkk vkB i`"Bksa dk iks"k.kA
6 IysVu e'khu ij fofo/k eqnz.k dk;ks dk vH;klfoftfVax dkMZ] fueU=.k&i=] fofHk izdkj ds QkeZ] 'kh"kZ i=d
ysVj gsMA
7 IysVu ij hftax rFkk dfVax dk;ZA
8 rkj flykbZA
9 /kkxk flykbZfofHk izdkj[kkafpr flykbZ (Sewing in Sewing), Qhrk flykbZ (Tap Sewing), izxjh flykbZ
(Over Sewing)A
10 dksj NikbZA
11 dksj lTtk (Edge decording)A
12 doj yxkukA
13 dsl fuekZ.k rFkk dsl yxkukA
14 doj lTtkLo.kZ NikbZ (Gold toling), eflghu NikbZA
15 fofo/k LVs'kujh dk;ZA
uksV %iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vfuok;Z gSA

174

la;qDr iqLrdsa
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
1
2
1 ft+YncUnh]
eqnz.k
rFkk
ifjdj.k] [k.M 1
2 ft+YncUnh]
eqnz.k
rFkk
ifjdj.k] [k.M 2
3 vk/kqfud xzaFk f'kYi
4 la;kstu 'kkL=
5 v{kj eqnz.k 'kkL=
6 ykxr ifjdyu rFkk ewY;kadu
7 izfrdj.k fof/k;k
8 Letter Press Printing,

ys[kd dk uke
3
fd'ku pUnz jktiqr

ewY;
5
30-00

laLdj.k
6
1979

]]

izdk'kd dk uke o irk


4
vuqie izdk'ku] 79&ch@1]
f'kodqVh] bykgkckn
]]

40-00

1980

pUnz 'ks[kj feJ


]]
]]
ukxiky
jke d`".k tk;loky

]]
]]
]]
]]
]]

C. S. Misra

Anupam Prakashan,
93-B/1, Sheokuti,
Allahabad.

15-00
25-00
40-00
40-00
20-00
20-00

1989
1989
1987
1977
1977
1981

Part I.

Letter Press Printing,


Part II.

Ditto

Ditto

50-00

1986

10

Theory and Practice of


Composition.

A. G. Goel

Ditto

40-00

1980

11

Composing and
Typography Today.

B. D. Mendiratta

Ditto

80-00

1983

12

Indian Printing
Industry and Printing
Technology Today.

V. S.
Krishnamurthy

Anupam Prakashan,
93-B/1, Sheokuto,
Allahabad.

40-00

1981

13
14

Printeres Terminology.

B. D. Mendiratta

Ditto

Writing and Printing


Ink Industry.

C. S. Misra

Universal Book
Seller, Lucknow.

115-30
25-00

1987
--

15 VsM&dqyky foKku
mn~ns';&
jk"Vh; f'k{kk uhfr ds lQy dk;kZUo;u ds ifjizs{; esa 'kSf{kd LrjksUu;u gsrq O;kolkf;d f'k{kk ikB~;e ds mn~ns';
fuEuor~ gS %&
1 csjkstxkjh ,oa f'kf{kr csjktxkjksa dh xaHkhj leL;k ds funku gsrq f'k{kk esa O;kolkf;d iqV nsukA
2 Nk=ksa dks Lo;a dk;Z djus dh izsj.kk iznku djukA
3 Lojkstxkj dh izo`fRr Nk=ksa esa lekfgr djuk rkfd thfodksiktZu dh leL;k muds Hkkoh thou dh fn'kk esa dksbZ
vojks/k u mRiUu dj ldsA
4 Nk=ksa esa dkS'kykRed Kku dh tkudkjh iznku djukA
5 Nk=ksa ds vf/kd ls vf/kd le; dk mi;ksx gksus dh fn'kk esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk ek/;e ,d mi;qDr ,oa loZFkk
lkFkZd dne gS] bl ckr dh tkudkjh Nk=ksa dks gksuk pkfg,A
6 Nk=ksa dk lokZaxh.k fodkl dh fn'kk esa O;kolkf;d f'k{kk dk mn~ns'; fufgr gS] Nk=ksa dks bl vksj Hkh tkudkjh iznku
djukA

175

7 fofHkUu izdkj ds ;U=ksa@midj.kksa ,oa vk/kqfud e'khuksa esa esa ifjfpr djkuk ,oa dk;Z djus dh fn'kk esa c<+kok nsukA
8 'kks/k izo`fRr dk tkxj.k gh O;kolkf;d ikB~;e dk lQy |ksrd gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds rhu iz'u&i= vkSj Hkh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZd
a
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
100
34
f}rh; iz'u&i=
100
300
33
100
r`rh; iz'u&i=
100
33
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
ckg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 33 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa
Vhi
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
LFkkuh; feV~Vhh
1 LFkkuh; feV~Vh dk iz;ksx ,oa egRoA
2 LFkkuh; feV~Vh dk ifj'kks/ku] feV~Vh dks dwVuk] pyuh ls Nkuuk ls lEcfU/kr tkudkjh iznku djukA
3 LFkkuh; feV~Vh dh fLyi cukuk ,oa LFkkuh; feV~Vh dh fofHkUu voLFkkvksa tSls&jksfyax LVst] IykfLVd LVst rFkk
yksoj fyfeV vkQ yqfMVh fudkyus dk lS)kfUrd KkuA
4 LFkkuh; feV~Vh dh uhfMax ,oa oftZx ls lEcfU?kr tkudkjh iznku djuk rFkk rRlEcU/kh uhfMax e'khu ,oa
ijkfuy e'khu dk lS)kfUrd KkuA
5 LFkkuh; feV~Vh ds ekMy Model cukus dk lS)kfUrd KkuA
6 yphyh O;oLFkk esa feV~Vh dk mi;ksx&nckdj f[kykSuk cukus ls lEcfU/krA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
phuh feV~Vh
1&iSVuZ cukus dh fof/k;ka&ekMfyax bu n jkmUM] ofdZax bu yksfjykad] [kjkn e'khu ,oa ftxj tkyh e'khu ij
ekMy [kjknus dk lS)kfUrd KkuA
2&IykLVj vkQ isfjl ls lkaps cukus dh fof/k;ksa dk lS)kfUrd KkuA
3&ekLVj xksYM ls izfr :i ,oa dk;Zdkjh lkapk cukus dk lS)kfUrd KkuA
4&v/;;u dh lqxerk dh n`f"V ls crZuksa dk foHkktu&;Fkk lVsjkdksVk vosZu os;j] LVksu os;j] ikslZysu ,oa
vxhyuh; oxhZdj.k ds vUrxZrA
5&phuh feV~Vh ds ik=ksa ds fuekZ.k esa dPps ekykssa dk mi;ksx rFkk vxkyuh; nzkUd] jax fo|qr fo'ys";A
6&ckMh feJ.k fuekZ.k dh tkudkjh ,oa fofHkUu laxBd lw=ksa dk Kku] ckMh feJ.k fuekZ.k gsrq dPPks eky dk rkSyuk
cyUtj e'khu dk mi;ksx] ckyfcy dk mi;ksxA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
,ukfey
,ukfey&
1&bfrgkl rFkk oxhZdj.k&lhuk rkephuhA
2&dPps lhlk ;Fkk ,ukfey rS;kj djuk] vkxkyuh;] nzkod] vikjn'khZ;s jax] Iykod] fo|qr fo'ys"k.k o ,ukfey ds
fy;s /kkrqA

17
17
17
17
16
16

17
17
17
17
16
16

14
14

176

3&ehuk ds izdkj] rkaHkz phuh ds izdkj] fofHkUu izdkj ds ,ukfey dh jpuk] ikVfey dh lajpuk ,oa mi;ksxA
14
4&/kkrqvksa dh lQkbZ rFkk ml ij ,ukfey p<+kuk] ,ukfey cukus ds fy;s yksgs dh pknjksa dks lkQ djuk] ,ukfey
p<+kus dh fof/k;kaA
14
5&HkfV~B;ka&ifM+;k HkV~Bh] Msd HkV~Bh] efQy HkV~Bh] lqjax HkV~Bh] vkfn esa ,ukfey idkus dk KkuA
14
6&,ukfey idkuk&,ukfey djuk vkfn dk lS)kfUrd KkuA
14
7&,ukfey ds nks"k&Nkys rFkk ,x'ksy fQ'k LdsYl rFkk mPpkj.k fu/kkZj.k rkez fpUg] cV~duk rFkk cky js[kk;sa]
fleVuk vkfn dh tkudkjhA
16
izk;ksfxd dk;Z lEcU/kh ikB~;e
1 yqd fuekZ.k ls lEcfU?kr laxBu lw=ksa dk 'kks/k ,oa ijh{k.kA
2 yqd djus dh fof/k;kas dk f;kRed KkuA
3 phuh feV~Vh ds ik=ksa dks idkuk ,oa rkii ekiu dk iz;ksxkRed ijh{k.kA
4 iz;ksx'kkyk esa lsaxj ,oa Qk;j czsd rS;kj djukA
5 pkd ds fuekZ.k dk f;kRed KkuA
6 ckyw dk fo'ys"k.k o fofHkUu izdkj dh uEcj okyh pyfu;ksa lsA
7 dkP;d rS;kj djukA
8 jaxhu dkap cukukA
9 ,ukfey ls lEcfU/kr /kkrqvksa dh lQkbZ rFkk mu ij ,ukfey p<+kukA
10 ,ukfey ds fy;s LVsafly dkVuk ,oa ,ukfey ifV~Vdk esa cz'k dh lgk;rk ls LVsafly dk mi;ksx djukA
11 HkV~Bh esa ,ukfey idkukA
12 mRiknu lEcU/kh x.kukvksa dk izk;ksfxd KkuA
13 iz;ksx'kkyk esa lsaxj ,oa bZaV ds VqdM+s dh jU/kzrk fudkyukA
14 IykLVj vkQ isfjl dh ltkoVh rLohjksa dk fuekZ.kA
15 iz;ksx'kkyk esa lsaxj 'kadq rS;kj djukA
16 iz;ksx'kkyk esa niZ.k dk fuekZ.k ,oa ,sfpax fof/k }kjk dkap dh ltkoV djukA
uksV %&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy, 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
iqLrdsa %&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha gSA laLFkk ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls ikB~;e ds vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd
dk p;u dj ysAa

16 VsM&e/kqeD[kh ikyu
mn~ns';&
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

e/kqeD[kh ikyu vkS|ksxhdj.k }kjk ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkjh dks nwj djukA
'kq) e/kq mRiknu dh ek=k esa o`f) djuk] fcdzh c<+kuk rFkk izfr O;fDr vk; esa o`f)A
chekj ,oa detksj O;fDr;ksa ds fy, mi;ksxh oLrq] vkS"kf/k ,oa ikSf"Vd inkFkZ dh miyfC/k esa o`f) djukA
fu/kZuksa ds fy;s lEiw.kZ o"kZ esa vk; dk ,dek= lk/ku fl) gksukA
de ls de iwath yxkdj vf/kdre vk; izkfIr dk mi;ksxh lzksr gksukA
e/kqeD[kh ikyu m|ksx esa n{krk izkIr dj Hkfo"; esa thfodksiktZu ds fy;s l{ke cukukA
Je ds izfr vkLFkk mRiUu djus] vkRe&fuHkZj cuus ,oa ,d dq'ky ukxfjd cukus esa lgk;d gksukA
e/kqeD[kh ikyu m|ksx ds ;a=ksa] midj.kksa ds mi;ksx dk leqfpr Kku izkIr djukA

177

jkstxkj ds volj&
1 ekSu ikyu m|ksx bdkb;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2 ekSu ikyu m|ksx esa Lojkstxkj ;k viuk futh O;olk; pykuk vFkok e/kq dks cksryksa esa Hkjuk] iSafdax dj cktkj esa
vkiwfrZ djus dk dk;Z djukA
3 e/kq ,oa mlls mRikn dh oLrqvksa dk O;kikj dj ldrk gS] mudk gksylsy ;k fjVsy lsy dk dk;Z dj ldrk gSA
4 e/kq HkaMkj.k ,oa fch dh nqdku [kksy ldrk gSA
5 ekSupjksa ;k Qwyksa dh [ksrh djds Qwy fo; dk jkstxkj dj ldrk gSA
6 ekSu ikyu m|ksx esa vkus okys ;U=ksa ,oa midj.kksa dk fuekZ.k ,oa fo; dk m|ksx pyk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj Hkh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZd
a
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
300
100
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
ckg~; ijh{kk
200
uksV&ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
e/kqeD[kh ikyu m|ksx dk lkekU; Kku
1 ekSu ikyu dh leL;k,a rFkk lek/kkuA
20
2 e/kqeD[kh dh dkyksuh dk Kku ,oa igpku&jkuh eD[kh] desjh eD[kh ,oa uj eD[khA
20
3 Hkkjrh; ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa bl m|ksx dk jk"Vh; ,oa vkfFkZd egRoA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
e/kqeD[kh tSfodh] ikyu ,oa ekSupjksa dh O;oLFkk
1 ekSu ds ifjokj dh jkuh] desjh ,oa jktk eD[kh dk ikyu O;oLFkk dk KkuA
10
2 ekSupjksa dh mi;ksfxrk dk fl)kUr] mxk;s x;s ekSupjksa dk v/;;u] igpku rFkk okf"kZd p ,oa ckxokuh
dk egRoA
10
3 taxyh ekSupjksa dk v/;;u] igpku ,oa okf"kZd p rS;kj djuk] lkekU; ,oa fo'ks"k ekSupjksa dk v/;;uA 10
4 d`f"k Qly ftlls e/kqefD[k;ksa dks edjUn ,oa ijkx feyrk gSA
10
5 edjUn Nector] ijkx Poelen lzko ds dkj.k rFkk lzko dk izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa e/kqdks"k dk
mi;ksxA
10
6 Lo;a ijkx.k&ij ijkx.k ds fl)kUr] fof/k rFkk egRoA
10

178

r`rh; iz'u&i=
ekSux`g rFkk midj.k
1 ekSuksa NRr fey] ekSuh NRrknkj rS;kj djuk rFkk muds ckjs esa tkudkjhA
15
2 e/kq fu"dklu ;U= rFkk cukoV ds fl)kUr ,oa izf;kA
15
3 NksVs midj.kksa dk Kku] ekSu ikyu] midj.kksa dh cukoV] igpkuuk] inkFkZ fuekZ.k dk fl)kUrA
15
4 izkphu rFkk vk/kqfud ekSux`gksa esa vUrj] mi;ksfxrk rFkk egRoA
15
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
e/kqeD[kh ds 'k=q] chekfj;ka ,oa fu;U=.k
1 ,djkse] ukslhek] oqMjksx dk dkj.k] igpku rFkk izkjfEHkd fu;U=.k rFkk mipkjA
20
2 ok;jl chekjh dh tkudkjh] cpko rFkk mipkjA
20
3 cSjkok dh igpku rFkk jksx QSykuk] mipkj bR;kfnA
20
iape iz'u&i=
e/kqeD[kh ikyu dk vkfFkZd egRo] foi.ku ,oa izlkj
1 ekSu ikyu dk izpkj ,oa fl)kUr] xksf"B;ksa] izn'kZfu;ksa] tufgr rd QSykuk mudh vko';drkvksa ls
voxr djkukA
20
2 ekSu ikyu fodkl esa lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dk ;ksxnku rFkk ljdkjh lgk;rk] izf'k{k.k dk egRo]
vU; ,tsfUl;ksa dh mi;ksfxrkA
20
3 e/kq ,oa ekse dk foi.ku] O;oLFkk rFkk Hkkjrh; ekud laLFkkvksa rFkk fu;U=.k ds dhV dk egRoA
20
iz;ks
;ksxkRed ikB~;e
1 ekSu x`g fuekZ.k esa dke vkus okys ;a=ks]a ekSu midj.k dk fp= cukuk rFkk iz;ksxkRed tkudkjh djkukA
2 lkekU; ekSu ?kjksa dh tkudkjh] igpku rFkk okf"kZd p essa rS;kj djuk rFkk taxyh ekSu ?kjksa dh igpku rFkk okf"kZd
p esa rS;kj djukA
3 ekSleh Qwyksa ds fo"k; esa tkudkjh djuk] eq[; Qwyksa dk fp=kadu djukA
4 ekSuksa ds 'k=qvksa dh igpku] muls cp&cpko dk iz;ksxkRed Kku djkukA
5 ekSuksa ds fofHkUu jksxksa dh igpku djkuk] iw.kZ tkudkjh djkuk rFkk muds jksd&Fkke dk iz;ksxkRed Kku djukA
6 e/kq ,df=r djuk] lqjf{kr j[kuk] ifj"dj.k ,oa Hk.Mkj.k fof/k dk Kku nsukA
7 e/kq ds egRo dk Kku] iSfdax djkuk rFkk foi.ku dh iw.kZ tkudkjh djkukA
8 ekSu ikyu fodkl esa lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dk ;ksxnku] lgdkjh lgk;rk dk izf'k{k.k] bldk vkfFkZd egRo] foi.ku ,oa
izlkjA
uksV %&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy, 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
iz;ksxkRed
kRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk
le; 5 ?k.Vs %
d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
1 okg~; ijh{kk&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh rhu iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&
iz;ksx la[;k 1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 2 y?kq iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 3 y?kq iz;ksx

179

1 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&


d l=h; dk;Z]
[k dk;Z LFky ij izf'k{k.k
laLrqr iqLrdsa %&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
1
12-

2
eqxhZ ikyu] e/kqeD[kh ikyu
,oa eRL; ikyu
e/kq ds peRdkj

3-

lQy ekSu ikyu

456-

jkspd ekSu ikyu


ekSu ikyu iz'uksRrjh
izkjfEHkd ekSu ikyu

789-

ch&dhfiax bu bf.M;k
e/kq eD[kh ,oa eRL; ikyu
dqDdqV] e/kqeD[kh ,oa eRL;
ikyu

3
Mk0 t; flag

4
fla?ky cqd fMiks] cM+kSr] esjB

5
25-00

laLdj.k@
iqueqZn.z k o"kZ
6
1987&88

lS;n okftn
gqlSu
cPph flag
jkor
]]
]]
;ksxs'oj flag

Jhjke esgjk ,.M da0 gkfLiVy jksM]


vkxjk
jkor ekSuky;] jkuh[ksr] vYeksM+k

25-00

1989&90

60-00

1988

15-00
10-00
5-00

1988
1989
1988

16-00
7-00
22-50

1988
1988
1988

ljnkj flag
izks0 gjh flag
]]

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk

]]
]]
jktdh; e/kq eD[kh ikyu dsUnz] T;ksyh
dksV] uSuhrky
vkbZ0 lh0 ,0 vkj0 fnYyh
dqDdk ifCyf'kax gkml] cM+kSr] esjB
]]

ewY;

17 VsM&Msjh izkS|ksfxdh
mn~ns';&
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Msjh m|ksx ds vkS|ksxhdj.k }kjk ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkjh nwj djukA
nqX/k ,oa nqX/k mRikn dk mRiknu c<+kuk] fch c<+kuk rFkk izfr O;fDr vk; esa o`f) djukA
fu/kZuksa ds fy;s lEiw.kZ o"kZ esa fujUrj vk; dk ,d ek= lk/kuA
Msjh m|ksx esa n{krk izkIr dj Hkfo"; esa thfodksiktZu gsrq l{ke cukukA
nw/k ls ukuk izdkj dh mi;ksxh oLrq;sa cukdj LokLF; ykHk igqapkukA
Je ds izfr vkLFkk mRiUu djus] vkRe fuHkZj cuus ,oa ,d dq'ky ukxfjd fuekZ.k esa lgk;d gksukA
mRre dksfV dk nw/k mRikn rS;kj dj o`gr~ O;kikj esa lg;ksx rFkk y?kq m|ksxksa esa Hkkjr dh xfjek c<+kus esa l{ke
gksukA
8 nqX/k ,oa nqX/k mRikn ls lEcfU/kr jlk;uksa] ;U=ksa] midj.kksa vkfn dk leqfpr Kku izkIr dj vius futh thou dks
mi;ksxh cukus esa l{ke gksukA
9 ikSf"Vd [kk| inkFkksZa dk fuekZ.k] bls 'kq)] Lokfn"V ,oa lqikP; cukukA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1 Msjh m|ksx bdkbZ;ksa] lgdkjh nqX/k lfefr;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2 Msjh m|ksx esa Lojkstxkj ;k viuk futh O;olk; pykukA
3 nqX/k ,oa nqX/k mRikn dk O;kikj dj ldrk gS] buds gksylsy ;k fjVsy lsy dk dk;Z dj ldrk gSA
4 Msjh m|ksx dh NksVh&NksVh bdkb;ka [kksydj mRiknu c<+kdj nqdku [kksy ldrk gSA

180

5 nqX/k ls nqX/k fufeZr oLrq,a cukus dk NksVk m|ksx pyk ldrk gSA
6 Msjh m|ksx ls lEcfU/kr ;a=ksa] midj.kksa dk fuekZ.k ,oa fo; m|ksx pyk ldrk gSA
7 nqX/k ,oa nqX/k mRikn ls lEcfU/kr lgdkjh lfefr;ka cukdj Lo;a dks rFkk vU; dks jkstxkj miyC/k djk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj Hkh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZd
a
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
300
100
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
Vhi
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
lkekU; Msjh izkS|ksfxdh
1&Hkkjr esa Msjh lgdkfjrk] lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dk xBu] lgdkjh nqX/k la?k] lgdkjh nqX/k QsMjs'ku] Msjh fodkl
cksMZA
20
2&nqX/k ekud&fofHkUu jkT;ksa ds nw/k ,oa nqX/k inkFkksZ ds ekudA
20
3&LoPN nqX/k mRiknu ,oa j[k&j[kko&nw/k ls QSyus okyh chekfj;kas] nw/k dks Nkuuk ,oa BaMk djuk thok.kqvksa
dk lkekU; KkuA nw/k thok.kqvksa dk oxhZdj.kA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
nqX/k ,oa nqX/k fo|k
1&Msjh lTtk dk futhZohdj.kA Msjh crZuksa ,oa midj.kksa ds /kksus dk fl)kUr] /kkou foy;u ds xq.k rFkk
fo'ks"krk;sa&{kkj'kks/kd ,oa vEy'kks/kd] Msjh lTtk ij budk izHkkoA Msjh lTtk gsrq mi;qDr /kkrq ,oa dk"BA
20
2&nqX/k xq.k fu;a=.k] nqX/k pcwrjk ijh{k.k ,oa uSeh ijh{k.k] nqX/k ifjj{kh ,oa muds xq.k] nqX/k vifeJ.k nqX/k
vifeJ.k dks Kkr djus dh HkkSfrd] jlk;fud ,oa tSfodh fof/k;kaA
20
3&fofHkUu nqX/k is; ,oa muds cukus dh fof/k;kaA
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
nqX/k inkFkZ
1&?kh dh ifjHkk"kk] laxBu ,oa cukus dh fof/k;ka] ns'kh fof/k] he ls ?kh cukuk] eD[ku ls ?kh cukuk] ?kh dh
[kk| egRrk] ?kh ds fu;kZrkad] ?kh esa vifeJ.k ,oa mudh igpku] ?kh dk laxzg ,oa laj{k.kA
30
2&fuEufyf[kr nqX/k inkFkksZa dh ifjHkk"kk] laxBu ,oa muds cukus dh lkekU; fo"k;ksa ,oa laxzg dh tkudkjhA
ngh] [kksok] Nsuk] iuhjA
30

181

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
iz'khru ,oa 'khrx`g izkS|ksfxdh
1&d`f=e iz'khru] e'khu ds Hkkxksa dh tkudkjh] e'khu ds dk;Z dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] iz'khru dk iz;ksxA
lh/kh foLrkj i)fr] yo.k ty i)fr] yo.k ty ds xq.k] yo.k ty dh ns[kHkkyA
30
2&'khr x`gksa ,oa iz'khru dsUnzksa ds fuekZ.k dk lkekU; fl)kUr ,oa fof/k] 'khr x`gksa dh lqj{kk ,oa lko/kkuh] iz'khru
dsUnzksa esa iz;qDr midj.kA
30
iape iz'u&i=
nqX/k fufeZr vU; inkFkZ
1&pht dh ifjHkk"kk&laxBu ,oa [kk| egRrk] pht dk oxhZdj.kA
10
2&cukus dh fof/k&iSafdax] ifjiDou] laxzg ,oa ewY;kaduA
10
3&fuEu fyf[kr feBkb;ksa dh cukus dh fof/k;ka] laxBu iSfa dax ,oa laxzg] isM+k] cjQh] xqykctkequ] jlxqYyk]
jleykbZ] lans'k] [kqjpu] jcM+h] cklqU/kjh] Jh[k.M] yLlh] eV~Bk] e[kfu;k nw/k ,oa NkN dk laxBu ,oa xksf"krk]
;ksxgVZ dh ifjHkk"kk] laxBu ,oa cukus dh fof/kA
30
4&[khj] lqxfU/kr nw/k cukus dh lkekU; tkudkjhA
10
iz;ksxkRed
pcwrjs ij fd;s tkus okys ijh{k.kksa dh tkudkjh] ijh{k.k&
1 he lsijsVj ds fofo/k Hkkxksa dh tkudkjhA
2 he lsijsVj ls he fudkyus dh tkudkjhA
3 eD[ku] ?kh ,oa vkbl dS.Mh cukus dh tkudkjhA
4 ngh] [kksok] Nsuk] iuhj] yLlh] Jh[k.M cukus dh tkudkjhA
5 lqxaf/kr nw/k ,oa [khj rS;kj djus dh tkudkjhA
6 fuEufyf[kr feBkb;ksa ds cukus dh tkudkjh&
isM+k] cjQh] xqykctkequ] jcM+h] [kqjpu] eykbZ] oklqU/kjh] lUns'k ,oa jlxqYykA
7 iz'khru o Cok;yj ds j[k&j[kko ,oa lapkyu dh tkudkjhA
8 Msjh] iz;ksx'kkyk] Msjh IykUV ,oa mlds midj.kksa dh lIykbZA
9 Msjh ls iz;qDr gksus okys fofHkUu jlk;uksa ds rS;kjh djus dh tkudkjhA
10 Msjh ds eki rkSy ,oa rqyk lapkyu dh tkudkjhA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk
1 iz;ksksxkRed ijh{kk&
[1] okg~; ijh{kk&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks rhu iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&
iz;ksx la[;k 1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 2 y?kq iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 3 y?kq iz;ksx
2 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&
[d] l=h; dk;Z
[[k] dk;ZLFky ij izf'k{k.k
uksV %&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk ds fy, 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA

182

laLrqr iqLrdsa %&


ekad

iqLrd dk uke

ys[kd dk uke

izdk'kd dk uke

ewY;

4
ch0 ds0 izdk'kd] cM+kSr] esjB

5
#0
15-00

jatuk izdk'ku efUnj] vkxjk


js[kk izdk'ku] esjB
jksfgr ifCyds'ku] cM+kSr] esjB

18-00
16-00
15-00

1989&90
1989&90
1989&90

fla?ky cqd fMiks] cM+kSr] esjB


Hkkjrh; Hk.Mkj] cM+kSr] esjB
oh0 ds0 izdk'ku] cM+kSr] esjB
t; izdk'k ukFk ,.M da0 esjB
izdk'ku funs'kky;] xksfoUn
cYyHk
iar d`f"k izkS|ksfxdh fo'ofo|ky;]
iar uxj] uSuhrky

30-00
25-00
35-00
25-00

1989&90
1989&90
1989&90
1989

36-00

1987

N.C.E.R.T., New Delhi

--

9-56

Ditto

--

13-45

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

loZJh&
Msjh izkS|ksfxdh fl)kUr ,oa ,l0 ,l0 HkkVh
iz;ksx
Msjh izkS|ksfxdh
Mk0 ,l0 ih0 xqIrk
Msjh izkS|ksfxdh
vkbZ0 ts0 tkSgj
Msjh izkS|ksfxdh fl)kUr ,oa Mk0 ,0 ds0 xqIrk ,oa
iz;ksx
Lo0 lh0 xqIrk
nqX/k foi.ku ,oa nqX/k inkFkZ
vkbZ0 ts0 tkSgj
Msjh jlk;u ,oa i'kqiks"k.k
Mk0 fou; flag
nqX/k foKku
HkkVh ,oa yokfu;k
i'kqiks"k.k ,oa Msjh jlk;u
Mk0 nso ukjk;.k ik.Ms
izdk'ku funs'kky;

Msjh jlk;u foKku

iar uxj] uSuhrky]


Mk0 f'kokJ; flag

10

Dairying
Feeds
and
Feeding of D. Volume III.
Instructional-cumPractical Mannual

N.C.E.R.T., New
Delhi

11

Milk and Milk Products


Instructional-cumPractical Manual.

Ditto

laLdj.k@
iqueqZn.z k o"kZ
6
1989&90

18 VsM&js'ke dhVikyu
mn~ns';&
1&js'ke dhVikyu vkS|ksxhdj.k }kjk ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkjh dks nwj djukA
2&js'ke mRiknu c<+kuk] fch c<+kuk rFkk izfr O;fDr vk; esa o`f) djukA
3&fu/kZuksa ds fy;s lEiw.kZ o"kZ esa fujUrj vk; dk ,d ek= lk/kuA
4&de ls de iwath yxkdj vf/kdre vk; izkfIr dk lqyHk lk/ku gksukA
5&js'ke dhVikyu m|ksx esa n{krk izkIr dj Hkfo"; esa thfodksiktZu gsrq l{ke cukukA
6&Je ds izfr vkLFkk mRiUu djus] vkRe&fuHkZj cukus ,oa ,d dq'ky ukxfjd fuekZ.k esa lgk;d gksukA
7&mRre fdLe dk js'ke mRiknu dj fons'kh O;kikj esa lg;ksx rFkk dqVhj m|ksxksa esa Hkkjr dh xfjek cuk;s j[kus esa
l{keA
8&js'ke mRiknu ls lEcfU/kr jklk;fud inkFkksZa] ;a=ksa] midj.kksa rFkk lsjh dYpj dk leqfpr Kku izkIr dj thou dks
mi;ksxh cukus esa lgk;dA

183

jkstxkj ds volj&
1&js'ke m|ksx bdkb;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2&js'ke dhVikyu m|ksx esa Lojkstxkj ;k viuk futh O;olk; pykukA
3&js'ke mRiknu dj js'ke dk o`gr~ O;kikj dj ldrk gS] bldk gksy&lsy ;k fjVsy lsy dk dk;Z dj ldrk gSA
4&fofHkUUk izdkj ds js'ke mRiknu] xzsfMax] Hk.Mkj.k ,oa fcdzh nqdku [kksy ldrk gSA
5&js'ke dh cuh oLrq,a lkM+h bR;kfn dk Lor% fuekZ.k dj ,d NksVk m|ksx pyk ldrk gSA
6&js'ke dhVikyu m|ksx ls lEcfU/kr ;a=ksa] midj.kksa vkfn dk fuekZ.k ,oa fo; m|ksx pyk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZd
a
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
300
100
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
Vhi
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
js'ke dhV ds
ds HkksT; ikS/kksa dh [ksrh
1 'kgrwr dh fofHkUu mUufr'khy tkfr;ksa dh tkudkjh&mRrj izns'k esa gksus okyh tkfr;ksa dk KkuA
16
2 'kgrwr ds ikS/kksa ds fy;s ulZjh rS;kj djuk] Hkwfe dk p;u] flapkbZ] [kkn vkfn dh O;oLFkkA
14
3 ulZjh ls ikS/kksa dk LFkkukUrj.k&ikS/kksa ls ikS/kksa dh nwjh] Hkw&ifj"dj.k f;k;sa vkfnA
16
4 'kgrwr dh [ksrh dk vkfFkZd n`f"V ls v/;;uA
14
f}rh; iz'u&i=
js'ke dhV tSfodh] ikyd ,oa HkksT; inkFkkZsa dk laj{k.k
1 js'ke dhV ds O;kf/k;ksa dh tkudkjh] jksd&Fkke] jklk;fud inkFkksZa dk mi;ksx jlk;uksa dks rS;kj djukA
8
2 dhVksa dh lsok czflax dh fof/k;ka] fofHkUu vk;q oxZ ds dhVksa dk ikyuA
8
3 'kgrwr esa yxus okys fofHkUu jksxksa dh tkudkjh] v/;;u ,oa jksdFkkeA
8
4 dod uk'kd] d"Vuk'kh jlk;uksa dh tkudkjh] iz;ksx gsrq mldh rS;kjh] fof/k;ksa dh tkudkjh ,oa
vlko/kkfu;kas dk KkuA
9
5 'kgrwr ds :i jkV] jLV] yhQLikV] ikmMjh feYM~;w] y{k.k ,oa igpkuA
9
6 tSflM~l] Jassids f?kIl fcgkjh] gs;jh dSVj fiyj] nhed] dVoeZ dk v/;;u] igpku ,oa jksd&FkkeA 9
7 xzsljh }kjk {kfr] mldk v/;;u ,oa ewY;kaduA
9

184

r`rh; iz'u&i=
js'ke dhV chtksRiknu izkS|ksfxdh
1 dhV dk fudkyuk] ySafxd Hksnksa dh tkudkjh] isifjax dk le;] f}rh; isifjaxA
2 dhV dk ijh{k.k&v.Mksa dk lkQ djuk] jksxk.kq uk'kdh; djuk] vEyh; mipkj] v.Mksa dk lsukA
3 chtksRiknu dk vkfFkZd egRoA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
js'ke fudkyuk] ijh{k.k ,oa drku
1 flYdosLV dk ,d=hdj.k ,oa lqjf{kr j[kuk] flYd dk ijh{k.k] mldh deh dh tkudkjh rFkk mldh
{kfr dk ewY;kaduA
2 iz;qDr gksus okys midj.kksa dh ns[k&js[k ,oa j[k&j[kkoA
iape iz'u&i=
js'ke izcU/k ,oa izlkj
1 Qly chek] lgk;rk gsrq fofHkUu ;kstukvksa dk KkuA
2 js'ke m|ksx ,oa lgdkfjrkA
3 js'ke foi.ku&fl)kUr] ewY;kadu] leL;k;sa] jsxwysM cktkj] xq.k o voxq.k] ewY;ksa dk ekudhdj.kA
4 izlkj&mn~ns';] izlkj dh fof/k;ka] izf'k{k.k ,oa fujh{k.k O;fDrxr] lkewfgd lEidZ] JO;&n`'; izn'kZu
dk iz;ksx] rduhdh laxBuksa dh tkudkjh] ckbZ izksMDVl dk iz;ksxA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dk ikB~;e
izk;ksfxdh
1 gkfudkjd thok.kqvksa dh igpku] ladyuA
2 dhVksa ds idM+us ds midj.kA
3 dksdqu dh NaVkbZA
4 dksdqu dk ewY;kadu] vPNs dksdquksa dh igpkuA
5 drku ds fy;s fu/kkZfjr midj.k] mldk j[k&j[kko] iz;ksxA
6 vkfFkZd laLFkkuksa dh tkudkjhA
7 laLFkkvksa }kjk iznRr lqfo/kkvksa dh tkudkjhA
8 js'ke mRiknu dsUnzksa dh tkudkjhA
9 fofHkUu dksdquksa ds y{k.kksa dk KkuA
10 js'ke dk foi.ku&leL;k;sa ,oa lek/kkuA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :i-js
:i js[kk
le;&5 ?k.Vs
d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
1 okg~; ijh{kk&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks 3 iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&
iz;ksx la[;k 1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 2 y?kq iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 3 y?kq iz;ksx

20
20
20

30
30

16
14
16
14

185

2 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&


d l=h; dk;Z
[k dk;ZLFky ij izf'k{k.k
uksV %&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy, 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha gSA laLFkk esa iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ls ijke'kZ ys ikB~;e ds vuq:i mi;qDr iqLrd
dk p;u dj ysAa

19 VsM&chtksRiknu izkS|ksfxdh
mn~ns';&
1&chtksRiknu m|ksx ds vkS|ksfxdhdj.k ls ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkjh dks nwj djukA
2&vf/kdre 'kq) cht rS;kj djuk] fch c<+kuk] mRiknu c<+kus esa lg;ksx rFkk vk; esa o`f) djukA
3&de ls de iwath yxkdj izfr gsDVs;j vf/kdre mRiknu izkIr djuk rFkk vk; dk mRre lzksrA
4&chtksRiknu m|ksx esa n{krk izkIr dj Hkfo"; esa thfodksiktZu ds fy;s Lo;a dks l{ke cukukA
5&Je ds izfr vkLFkk mRiUu djus] vkRe fuHkZj cukus ,oa dq'ky ukxfjd fuekZ.k esa ;ksxnku nsukA
6&cht mRiknu] j[k&j[kko ,oa o`gr~ ek=k esa 'kq) ,oa mUufr'khy chtksa dk izlkj dj ikS/kksa dks jksx eqDr djuk rFkk
gkfudkjd dhV&iraxksa ls cpkukA
7&chtksRiknu ds uohu oSKkfud fof/k;ksa] ;U=ksa ,oa midj.kksa dk leqfpr Kku izkIr dj vius futh thou dks mi;ksxh
cukus esa l{ke gksukA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1&chtksRiknu m|ksx dh fofHkUu bdkb;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2&chtksRiknu m|ksx dk Lojkstxkj ;k viuk futh O;olk; pykukA
3&'kq) ,oa mRre dksfV dk cht mRiknu dj fcdzh ;k O;olk; pykuk ;k O;kikj djukA
4&cht mRiknu dh vyx&vyx bdkb;ka [kksydj Lo;a fodz; dsUnz pyk ldrk gSA
5&chtksRiknu m|ksx ls lEcfU/kr ;U=ksa] midj.kksa ,oa vU; lkexzh fodz; dk m|ksx pyk ldrk gSA
6&chtksRiknu ,oa fch lEcU/kh lfefr;ksa dks cuk dj Lo;a rFkk vU; dks jkstxkj miyC/k djk;k tk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj Hkh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZd
a
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
300
100
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
Vhi
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA

186

izFke iz'u&i=
chtksRiknu dk vk/kkjHkwr Kku ,oa rduhd
1 Qwyksa ds fofHkUu vaxksa dh tkudkjh ijkxhdj.k Fertilization rFkk lhtu PollinationA
2 ikni lao/kZu Propagation dh fofHkUu fof/k;kaA
3 ladj cht mRiknu&Loijkx.k] ijijkx.k] flaxy kl] Mcy klA
4 dVkbZ] eM+kbZ] lq[kkbZ] lQkbZ ,oa Hk.Mkj.k esa fofHkUu izdkj dh lko/kkfu;kaA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
/kkU;] eksVs vukt
vukt rFkk pkjs okyh Qlykssa ds cht mRiknu dh fof/k ,oa rduhdh
Qlysa] /kkU;] xsgwa] /kku] eDdk] eksVs vukt] Tokj] cktjk] pkjs okyh cjlhe vkSj Tokj
1 mijksDr Qlyksa ds fy;s tyok;q rFkk vko';d e`nk dk izHkkoA
2 [ksr dk pquko&foy;u Isolation vko';drk;saA
[v] Loijkx.k okyh Qlysa&xsgwa] /kkuA
[c] ij ijkx.k okyh Qlysa&eDdk] cjlhe] lloaA
[l] vkdfLed ijkx.k okyh Qlysa&TokjA
bdkbZ&1 1 fujkbZ&xqM+kbZ] [kj&irokjksa] dhVksa rFkk chekfj;ksa dh jksdFkkeA
2 [kkn rFkk moZjdksa dk iz;ksxA
3 flapkbZ dk izcU/kA
4 xq.kuk fu;U=.k] tkrh; fdLeksa dk y{k.k] [ksr esa fujh{k.k dh la[;k rFkk le;] jksfxax] Qly ,oa
cht esa e`rdA
5 dVkbZ&Qlyksa ds idus dh voLFkk rFkk le;] eM+kbz] lQkbZ rFkk lq[kkbZA
bdkbZ&2 1 [ksr esa tkrh; fdLeksa ds izeq[k y{k.k ,oa mudh igpkuA
2 o.kZ ladj eDdk] Tokj] cktjksa ds chtksa dk O;kolkf;d mRiknu ds fo'ks"k rjhdsA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
nygu] frygu] udnh rFkk js'ks okyh Qlyksa ds cht mRiknu rduhd
1 fuEukafdr Qlyksa dk v/;;u&
frygu&ljlksa] lw;Zeq[kh] vylhA
js'ks okyh Qlys&a dikl] lubZA
2 mijksDr Qlyksa ds iq"i tSfodh dk v/;;uA
3 mijksDr Qlyksa ds Qwyksa dk oSKkfud v/;;uA
4 mijksDr Qlyksa ds fy;s tyok;q ,oa e`nk dk v/;;uA
5 Loijkx.k ijijkx.k rFkk vkdfLed ijkx.k okys Qlyksa ds fy;s [ksrksa dk pquko rFkk foyaxuA
6 mijksDr Qlyksa ds chtksa dk mipkjA
7 mijksDr Qlyksa ds 'kL; foKku lEcfU/kr v/;;uA
8 xq.kkRed tkap&tkrh; fdLeksa dk ize[q k y{k.k] [ksrksa ls fujh{k.k] la[;k rFkk le;A
9 vuko';d ikS/kksa dk fu"dkluA
10 Qly ,oa chtksa dk ekudA
11 Qly dh dVkbZ&dVkbZ dh lko/kkfu;ka] idus dh fLFkfr] cht dh ueh rFkk Qly dh fLFkfr] dVkbZ
ds rjhds] eM+kbZ] lQkbZ] lq[kkbZA
12 Qly dh eq[; tkfr;ka rFkk fdLesa rFkk muds fo'ks"k xq.kA
13 dikl rFkk lw;Zeq[kh ds o.kZ ladj chtksa ds mRiknu dk v/;;uA

15
15
15
15

8
8
8
8
8
10
10

4
4
4
5
4
4
5
4
4
8
5
5

187

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
lCth ,oa iq"iksa ds chtksRiknu esa rduhdh ,oa cht lalk/ku
cht lalk/ku&
1&cht lalk/ku dk egRo] la'kksf/kr chtksa ds izdkj rFkk xq.kA
2&lalk/ku lEcU/kh midj.kksa dk v/;;uA
3&chtksa dh lq[kkbZ] lQkbZ vkfnA
4&chtksa dk oxhZdj.kA
5&cht mipkjdA
6&cht feJ.kA
7&eq[; Qlyksa ds chtksa dk lalk/ku eA
8&cht lalk/ku midj.kksa dk j[k&j[kko rFkk mi;ksxA

bdkbZ&1

bdkbZ&2

bdkbZ&3
bdkbZ&4

iape iz'u&i=
cht ijh{k.k] Hk.Mkj.k] foi.ku ,oa izlkj
1&cht m|ksx] futh] lkoZtfud rFkk ljdkjh cht fuxe ds fo"k; esa tkudkjhA
2&ekax dh Hkfo";ok.kh&chtksa ds lap;] cksus dk le;] miyC/krk] {ks= esa xzkgdksa dh la[;k] cht ewY;
rFkk cktkj esa ekax dk vuqekuA
1&chtksa ds mRiknu dk [kpZ fudkyukA
2&{ks= ds fofHkUu izdkj ds chtksa dh ek=k rFkk {ks=Qy dk vuqekuA
3&cht m|ksx ds fy;s /ku dh miyC/krk] Hkwfe dh miyC/krk rFkk Bsds ij izksRlkgu lfgr miyC/krkA
1&foi.ku&cht lykgdkj dsUnz cktkj esa ekax dk irk yxkuk] turk ls lEcU/k LFkkiu] xzkgdksa dks vkdf"kZr
djus ds mik;] {ks= esa chtksa ds ckjs esa lwpuk izlkfjr djukA
1&izlkj&foKkiu ds rjhds] xzkgdksa ls fopkj&foe'kZA
2&rduhdh lsok;sa&cht rFkk midj.kksa dh miyC/krk] Hk.Mkj.k] [kkn ,o moZjdksa dh miyC/krk] Qly lqj{kk
lEcU/kh lsok dh miyC/krkA
iz;ksxkRed
1&ealRogj.k dyk] ijkxhdj.k] izlaLdj.k dk iz;ksxkRed KkuA
2&[kM+h Qly esa fofHkUu tkfr;ksa dh igpkuA
3&[ksr esa fofHkUu Qly ekudksa dk fujh{k.k] jksfxax dk izek.khdj.kA
4&Qly dh dVkbZ] eM+kbZ] lq[kkbZ] lQkbZ] iSafdax] ysosfyaxA
5&[kkn] moZjd] cht dh 'kq)rk vkfn lEcU/kh x.kukA
6&lCth rFkk iq"iksa ds chtksa dh igpku o chtksipkj rFkk fofHkUUk jlk;uksa dk iz;ksxA
7&chtksa ds oxhZdj.k djus okys midj.kksa dk iz;ksxA
8&lCth rFkk iq"iksa ds chtksa dk iSdVs cukuk rFkk ysosfyaxA
9&cht ijh{k.k ds fy, fofHkUu midj.kksa dk iz;ksxA
10&Qly lqj{kk rFkk cht lqj{kk dk izk;ksfxd KkuA
11&mi;qZDr ij ekSf[kd ,oa fjdkMZA

12
10
6
6
6
7
6
7

10

10

20
20

188

iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk


le;&5 ?k.Vs
d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
1 okg~; ijh{kk&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks 3 iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&
iz;ksx la[;k 1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 2 y?kq iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 3 y?kq iz;ksx
2 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&
d l=h; dk;Z
[k dk;ZLFky ij izf'k{k.k
uksV %&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus gsrq 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gksxkA
laLrqr iqLrdsa %&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk
1
123-

cht mRiknu ,oa izek.khdj.k] Mk0 jru


r`rh; laLdj.k
vxzoky

yky izdk'ku funs'kky;] xksfoUn cYyHk


iUr
d`f"k
,oa
izk|S ksfxdh
fo'ofo|ky;] iUruxj] uSuhrky
cht dk;Z ,oa cht ijh{k.k
Mk0 jru yky izdk'ku funs'kky;] xksfoUn cYyHk
vxzoky ,oa Mk0 Qwy iUr
d`f"k
,oa
izk|S ksfxdh
pUnz xqIr
fo'ofo|ky;] iUruxj] uSuhrky
cht mRiknu ,oa foi.ku dk
]]
]]
]]
vFkZ'kkL=

ewY;
5
#0
65-00

laLdj.k@
iqueqZn.z k o"kZ
6
1989

19-50

1989

17-00

1989

20 VsM&Qly lqj{kk lsok


mn~ns';&
1&Qly lqj{kk lsok m|ksx ds vkS|ksfxdj.k ls ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkjh dks nwj djukA
2&Qly lqj{kk lsok }kjk izfr o"kZ gtkjksa Vu [kk|kUu dks u"V gksus ls oafpr djds mRiknu esa o`f) djukA
3&Qly lqj{kk lsok m|ksx esa n{krk izkIr dj Hkfo"; esa thfodksiktZu ds fy;s Lo;a dks l{ke cukukA
4&Je ds izfr vkLFkk mRiUu djusa] vkRefuHkZj cukusa ,oa dq'ky ukxfjd fuekZ.k esa ;ksxnku nsukA
5&Qly lqj{kk lsok lEcU/kh jlk;uksa] ;U=ksa ,oa midj.kksa vkfn dk leqfpr Kku izkIr dj vius futh thou dks mi;ksxh
cukus esa l{ke gksukA
6&Qlyksa ds gkfudkjd jksx] chekfj;ksa ,oa dhV&iraxksa dks u"V dj 'kq) ,oa LoLFk mRiknu izkIr djuk rFkk Hkfo"; ds
fy;s jf{kr cukukA
7&Qly lqj{kk lsok m|ksx dh bdkb;ksa esa o`f) dj tulk/kkj.k rd blds ykHk ,oa egRrk dks igqapkuk rFkk izfr gsDVs;j
izfr o"kZ mRiknu esa o`f) djukA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1&Qly lqj{kk lsok m|ksx dh fofHkUu bdkb;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2&Qly lqj{kk lsok m|ksx esa Lojkstxkj ;k viuk futh O;olk; pykukA
3&Qly lqj{kk lEcU/kh vyx vyx bdkb;ka [kksydj jlk;uksa] ;U=ksa ,oa midj.kksa dh fch djus dh nqdku pyk ldrk
gSA
4&Qly lqj{kk lsok dh vyx&vyx lfefr;ka cukdj Lo;a rFkk vU; jkstxkj miyC/k djk;k tk ldrk gSA

189

ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZd
a
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
Qly lqj{kk fl)kUr
1 ikni jksxksa ds dkj.k] y{k.k ,oa izd`frA
20
2 jk"V Lrj ,oa jkT; Lrj ij Qly lqj{kk esa layXu fofHkUu laxBuksa dh tkudkjhA
20
3 Qly lqj{kk dh fofHkUu leL;kvksa ls voxr gksuk rFkk muds gy djus dk Kku j[kukA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
Qlyksa ds eq[; jksx ,oa funku
1&izns'k ds eq[; Qlyksa] rjdkfj;ksa ,oa Qyksa ds jksxksa dk v/;;u ,oa muds jksd&Fkke ds mik;&
16
d rjdkfj;ka&vkyw] VekVj] cSaxu] fHk.Mh] xksHkhA
[k Qy&vke] iihrk] tkequ] lscA
2&vko`Rr&chth ijthoh ikS/kksa Angio sperm parasitic plant dh tkudkjh rFkk mlls gksus okyh {kfr dh
jksd&Fkke ds mik;A
16
3&fofHkUu Qlyksa ds izfrjks/kh tkfr;ksa dh tkudkjh] muds mxkus ds fof/k dk KkuA
14
4&fueksVhMlZ }kjk Qlyksa dh gkfu;ksa dk ewY;kadu] fueksVhMlZ dh jksd&FkkeA
14
r`rh; iz'u&i=
doduk'kh Fungiside ,oa [kj&irokjuk'kh] ikni uk'kd dhV rFkk jksdFkke
1&jlk;uksa ds iz;ksx esa lko/kkfu;ksa dk KkuA
16
2&ikniuk'kh dhVksa dk Kku ,oa oxhZdj.kA
14
3&fuEufyf[kr Qlyksa dks {kfr igqapkus okys fofHkUu dhVksa dk fo'ks"k v/;;u] mls u"V djus ds mik;&
16
v /kku&tx LVse cksjj] xzkl gkijA
c xsgwa&fid cksjjA
l eDdk&LVse cksjjA
n Tokj cktjk&LVse cksjjA

190

; puk&dSVj fiyj] dVoeZA


j mnZ ewax&jsM gs;j] dSVj fiyjA
y xUUkk&yhQ gk;j ik;fjdk] Vk;'kwV cksjj] dj cksjjA
o ewaxQyh&lwjy iksph Surul puchiA
'k ljlksa&,flMA
"k vke&ehyhcx] gk;j] wV ykbZA
l vkyw&ohVyA
4&dhV ds ladyu ds fy, fiu djuk rFkk ysfcy djukA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
vUrjkZ"Vh; ikniuk'kd thoksa dk v/;;u ,oa mudh jksd&Fkke
1&dhV egkekjh dh le;c) tkudkjh rFkk mlds jksdus ds mik;&yksdLV fVM~Mh ny
iape iz'u&i=
vUu Hk.Mkj.k
Hk.Mkj.k esa yxus okys dhVksa dh tkudkjh ,oa jksd&Fkke
1&dhVksa }kjk vukt Hk.Mkj esa igqaps {kfr dk Kku ,oa ewY;kadu] mldk Lrj rFkk oxhZdj.k&
izR;{k {kfr] vizR;{k {kfr dh tkudkjh rFkk v/;;uA
v&jkbl fofoyA
c&yslj xzuw cksjjA
l&[kijk fofVyA
n&jLV jsM yksj fofVyA
;&/kku dk ekFkA
j&okyksa dh fofVyA
iz;ksxkRed
1&dhV&thou&p dk fuekZ.kA
2&csVl~ rS;kj djukA
3&lkbuksxSl iEi dk iz;ksx ,oa midj.k dh ns[k&js[k ,oa j[k&j[kkoA
4&dhVuk'kh jlk;uksa dks rS;kj djukA
5&jlk;uksa dh igpku] /kzqohdj.k dh izf;kA
6&Hk.Mkj.k esa iz;ksx esa vkus okys jlk;uA
7&Hk.Mkj.k ds fofHkUu dhVksa ,oa jksxksa dh igpkuA
8&midj.kksa dk iz;ksx rFkk mlds [kksyus rFkk cka/kus ds vH;klA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :i-js
:i js[kk
le;&5 ?k.Vs
d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&
1 okg~; ijh{kk&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks 3 iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&
iz;ksx la[;k 1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 2 y?kq iz;ksx
iz;ksx la[;k 3 y?kq iz;ksx
2 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&
d l=h; dk;Z
[k dk;ZLFky ij izf'k{k.k
uksV %&iz
% ;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy, 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gSA

14

60

10
10
10
10
10
10

191

laLrqr iqLrdsa %&


ekad
1

7-

ys[kd dk uke
3
loZJh&
vkfFkZd dhV foKku
Mk0 ds0 ih0 flag
IykUV izksVsD'ku
rnso
ikni jksx foKku
vkj0 ch0 fpdkjk ,oa
Mk0 thrsUnz fpdkjk
ouLifr los{Z k.k ,oa ikni jksx Mk0 th0 pUnz eksgu
fu;a=.k
,oa Mk0 vkj0 lh0
feJ
d`f"k dhV foKku
;qxs'k dqekj ekFkqj ,oa
d`".k nRr mik/;k;
u;k d`f"k dhV foKku
ch0 ,0 MsfoM ,oa ,e0
,p0 MsfoM
ikni jksx fu;a=.k
izks0 ch0 ih0 flag

891011-

ikni j{kk dhV fu;a=.k


[kjirokj
IykUV izksVsD'ku
Qlyksa ds jksx f}rh; laLdj.k

121314-

Qlyksa ds jksxksa dh jksd&Fkke


Mk0
Qlyksa ds gkfudkjd dhV
Mk0
[kjirokj
fu;a=.k
f}rh; Mk0
laLdj.k

15-

Weeds and Weed Control


Instructional-cum-Practical
Manual.
Fertilizers and Manures
Instructional-cum-Practical
Manual.
Agricultural
Meteorology
Instructional-cum-Practical
Manual.
Water
Management
Instructional-cum-Practical
Manual.
Crop
Management
Instructional-cum-Practical
Manual.
Floriculture Instructionalcum-Practical Manual.

123456-

16-

17-

18-

19-

20-

iqLrd dk uke
2

Mk0
izks0
Mk0
Mk0
Mk0

laLdj.k o"kZ
6

fla?ky cqd fMiks] esjB


rnso
rnso

ewY;
5
#0
35-00
22-50
25-00

rnso

22-50

1988

xksiky fizafVax izsl] cM+kSr]


esjB
lsUVy cqd fMiks] bykgkckn

22-50

1988

12-00

1987

dqDdk ifCyf'kax gkml]


cM+kSr] esjB
mik/;k; ,oa ekFkqj rnso
vkse izdk'k
rnso
mik/;k; ,oa ekFkqj rnso
eq[kksik/;k; ,oa izdk'ku funs'kky;] xks0 c0
flag
iar d`f"k ,oa izkS|ksfxd
fo'ofo|ky;]
iUruxj]
uSuhrky
laxe yky
rnso
fcUnk izlkn [kjs
rnso
fo".kq eksgu Hkku
rnso

22-50

1987

22-50
16-50
30-00
50-00

1987
1987
1987
1989

20-00
22-00
25-00

1989
1989
1989

7-75

1985

N.C.E.R.T.,
New Delhi

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk


4

N.C.E.R.T.,
Delhi

New

1989&90
1989
1987

Ditto

Ditto

6-90

1985

Ditto

Ditto

4-75

1985

Ditto

Ditto

8-75

1985

Ditto

Ditto

10-10

1985

Ditto

Ditto

8-45

1985

192

21 VsM&ikS/k'kkyk
mn~ns';&
1&ikS/k'kkyk m|ksx dk vkS|ksxhdj.k ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkjh dks nwj djukA
2&vf/kdre ikS/k rS;kj djuk] fch c<+kuk] o`{kkjksi.k dj ns'k esa ou m|ksx dks izksRlkgu nsuk vkSj vk; esa o`f) djukA
3&de ls de iwath yxkdj izfr gsDVs;j vf/kdre mRiknu rFkk o"kZ Hkj vk; dk mRre lzksrA
4&ikS/k'kkyk m|ksx esa n{krk izkIr dj Hkfo"; eas thfodksiktZu ds fy, l{ke cukukA
5&Je ds izfr vkLFkk mRiUu djuk] vkRefuHkZj cuus ,oa ,d dq'ky ukxfjd fuekZ.k esa lgk;d gksukA
6&fofHkUu izdkj ds ikS/kksa dks cM+s iSekus esa mxkdj O;kikj c<+kuk rFkk ns'k dh vuqHkwr vko';drkvksa dh iwfrZ djus esa
l{ke gksukA
7&ikS/k mRiknu] j[k&j[kko ,oa o`gr~ ek=k esa ifjogu lEcU/kh ;U=ksa] midj.kksa vkfn dk leqfpr Kku izkIr dj vius
futh thou dks mi;ksxh cukus esa l{ke gksukA
8&ns'k dh lj Hkwfe lq/kkj] Hkwfe dVko jksdus] o"kkZ djkus] ok;q e.My dks 'kq) djus rFkk [kk| leL;k dks gy djus dk
mRre lzkrs ,oa O;olk;A
jkstxkj ds volj&
1&ikS/k'kkyk m|ksx dh fofHkUu bdkb;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2&ikS/k'kkyk m|ksx esa Lo&jkstxkj ;k viuk futh O;olk; pykukA
3&ikS/k mRiknu] fch vkfn O;olk; ;k mudk O;kikj dj ldrk gSA
4&ikS/k mRiknu dh vyx&vyx bdkb;ka [kksydj] mRiknu c<+kdj Lo;a nqdku [kksy ldrk gSA
5&ikS/k'kkyk m|ksx ls lEcfU/kr ;U=ksa] midj.k ,oa vU; lkexzh fodz; dk m|ksx pyk ldrk gSA
6&ikS/k'kkyk mRiknu ,oa fcdzh lEcU/kh lfefr;ka cukdj Lo;a rFkk vU; dks jkstxkj miyC/k djk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj Hkh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZd
a
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
ckg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
Vhi
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
ikS/k'kkyk izkS|ksfxdh dk vk/kkjHkwr Kku
1&ikS/k'kkyk dk egRo&izeq[k ikS/k'kkykvksa dk uke rFkk mudk v/;;uA
10
2&ikS/k'kkykvksa dk oxhZdj.k] ,d o"khZ;] f}o"khZ; rFkk cgqo"khZ; ikS/kksa ds fy;s] jch] [kjhQ] tk;n] lCth
Qlyksa dh ikS/k'kkyk] lk/kkj.k fefJr ,oa fo'ks"k ikS/k'kkyk] Qy] Qwy rFkk lfCt;ksa dh ikS/k'kkykA
20

193

3&ikS/k'kkyk ds vax&lkr o`{k {ks=] cht lsok {ks=] xeyk {ks=] izfrjksi.k {ks=] xzhu gkml] izokgu {ks=A
4&xzhu gkml xSl o izokgu {ks=A
f}rh; iz'u&i=
ikS/k'kkyk ikS/k izo/kZu
1&ySafxd iztuu&ifjHkk"kk] ykHk] gkfu;ka] 'kq) cht dh izkfIr ,oa pquko] cht ijh{k.k] vadqj.k {kerk] thoUrrk]
vadjq .k izHkkfor djus okys dkj.k] vadqj.k iwoZ cht 'kks/ku bfrgkl o egRoA
2&vySafxd okuLifrd iztuu&ifjHkk"kk] YkkHk] gkfu;ka] dfVax }kjk tM+] ruk rFkk iRrh izo/kZu fof/k;ka ifjofrZr
vaxksa tSls cYc] jkbtkse V~;wej] Qke] ldj] xqVh] izc/kZu&gok xqVh] Hkwfe xqVh fof/k] de cka/k fof/k;ka&lk/kkj.k
HksaV dye] thi HksaV dye] thfu;j HksaV dye] xqUVh ,oa [kqj HksV dyeA
3&dkfydk;u&Vh 'khYM dkfydk;u] csp fjax dkfydk;uA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
ikS/k'kkyk izcU/k] vyad`r ,oa 'kksHkkdkj ikS/ks
1&&vyad`r ckxokuh&&ifjHkk"kk] bfrgkl o egRoA
2&&'kksHkkdkj ikS/kksa dk oxhZdj.kA
3&&ekSleh Qwyksa dh ikS/k'kkyk rFkk mldh ns[kHkkyA
4&&>kM+huqek rFkk 'kksHkkdkj o`{kksa dh ikS/k'kkyk rFkk mudh ns[kHkkyA
5&&dSDVl&&vkfdZM~l] ike QuZ] tyh; ikS/kksa dh ikS/k'kkyk rFkk mudh ns[kHkkyA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
okfudh; ikS/kksa dh ikS/k'kkyk
1&&okfudh ikS/kksa dk izo/kZu rFkk mudh ikS/k'kkyk fof/kA
2&&okfudh isM+ksa ds cht rFkk laxgz cht Hk.Mkj.k fof/k;kaA
3&&okfudh; ikS/k izfrjksi.k rFkk ns[k&js[kA
iape iz'u&i=
ikS/k foi.ku ,oa izlkj
1&&;&fo;&&lko/kkfu;ka] iSfdax] Hkstus dk ek/;e] lkexzh rFkk lko/kkfu;kA
2&&ikS/k'kkyk jftLVs'ku] ykblsUl] xq.k izHkkohdj.k] izf;k rFkk muds ekin.M] IykUV DokbUVkbu fu;eA
3&&ikS/k'kkyk izlkj&&yksdfiz;rk] o`f) ds rjhds] foKkiu ds ek/;e] le; rFkk fo"k; oLrqA
iz;ksxkRed
1&&izo/kZu rjhdksa] HksVa dye] xwVh dye cka/kuk] dkfydk;u ds fofHkUu rjhdksa dk KkuA
2&&dkfydk 'kk[kk dk pqukoA
3&&vyad`r ,oa 'kksHkkdkj ikS/kksa dh igpkuA
4&&ekSleh Qwyksa dh igpkuA
5&&yrj >kM+huqek] ike in oSDVjl dh igpkuA
6&&vyad`r ikS/kksa dk izo/kZuA
7&&ikS/k mBkukA
8&&ikS/k iSfdax djukA
9&&ikS/k <ykbZ ds rjhdsA
10&&vfHkys[k rS;kj djukA
11&&okfudh; ikS/kksa dh igpkuA
12&&xM~<s cukuk] o`{k jksikbZA

20
10

20

30
10

12
12
12
12
12

20
20
20

14
26
20

194

iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk


le;&&5 ?k.Vs
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&&
1 okg~; ijh{kk&&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks rhu iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&&
iz;ksx&&1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx&&2 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx&&3 nh?kZ iz;ksx
2 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&&
d l=h; dk;Z
[k dk;Z&LFky dk izf'k{k.k
uksV&&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'ku dk uke ,oa irk
1
2
3
4
loZJh&&
1 ikS/k'kkyk O;olk;
d`".k iar dksBkjh ,oa jatuk izdk'ku efUnj] 12@13]
vkuUn
fcgkjh lwbZ dVjk] vkxjk
JhokLro
2 Hkkjr esa ikS/kksa dh d`f"k
Mk0 eqjkjh yky fla?ky cqd fMiksa] cM+kSr] esjB
yofu;k
3 lfCt;k ,oa iq"iksRiknu
Jh ose] Jh flag
Hkkjrh; Hk.Mkj] cM+kSr] esjB
4 Hkkjr esa QyksRiknu
Jh d`".k ukjk;.k jkek ifCyf'kax gkml] cM+kSr]
nqcs
esjB
5 Qy fOkKku
Mk0 jkeukFk flag
Hkkjrh; d`f"k vuqla/kku] ifj"kn]
d`f"k ou] ubZ fnYyh
6 wM ulZjh izSDVhlst bu bfUM;k ,y0 cS/krk jrheu fn bf.M;u fizUVlZ oxZ]
vaxzsth
jkuh >kalh jksM] ubZ fnYyh
7 ikS/k'kkyk izkS|ksfxdh
Mk0 vkseiky flag
vyadkj iqLrd Hkou] cM+kSr]
esjB

ewY;
5
#0
15-00

laLdj.k o"kZ
6

20-00

1987

15-00
15-00

1988
1988

12-00

1984

15-00

1988

16-00

1989

1989&90

22 VsM&&Hkwfe laj{k.k
mn~ns';&&
1 Hkwfe laj{k.k ,oa Hkwfe lq/kkj m|ksx ds vkS|ksxhdj.k ls ns'k dh c<+rh gqbZ csjkstxkkjh dks nwj djukA
2 Hkwfe dVko dks jksduk] mudk lq/kkj djuk rFkk izfr gsDVs;j mRiknu esa o`f) djds vkfFkZd ladV ls ns'k dk cpkukA
3 Hkwfe laj{k.k ,oa Hkwfe lq/kkj m|ksx esa n{krk izkIr djds Hkfo"; esa thodksiktZu ds fy, Lo;a dks l{ke cukukA
4 Je ds izfr vkLFkk mRiUu djus vkRe fuHkZj cuus ,oa dq'ky ukxfjd ds fuekZ.k esa ;ksxnku nsukA
5 d`f"k mRiknu gsrq Hkwfe lajf{kr djuk] lq/kkj djuk rFkk izfro"kZ muds {ks=Qy esa o`f) djukA
6 Hkwfe laj{k.k ,oa Hkwfe lq/kkj lEcU/kh ;U=ksa] midj.kksa ,oa oSKkfud fof/k;ksa dh tkudkjh vius futh thou dks mi;ksxh
cukus esa l{ke gksukA
7 izns'k dh catj ,oa vuqi;qDr Hkwfe dks mi;ksxh ,oa mitk cukdj d`f"k mRiknu ds ;ksX; cukukA o`{kkjksi.k dj ou
m|ksx dks izksRlkgu nsukA

195

jkstxkj ds volj&&
1 Hkwfe laj{k.k ,oa Hkwfe lq/kkj m|ksx dks fofHkUu bdkb;ksa esa jkstxkj feyus dh lEHkkoukA
2 Hkwfe laj{k.k ,oa Hkwfe lq/kkj dh bdkbZ [kksydj viuk futh O;olk; pyk ldrk gSA
3 Hkwfe lq/kkj lEcU/kh ;U=ksa] midj.kksa ,oa jlk;uksa dh fch ds O;olk; ls nqdku pyk ldrk gSA
4 ns'k dh catj ,oa vuqi;ksxh Hkwfe dks mi;ksxh cukdj [ksrh dj ldrk gSA
5 Hkwfe laj{k.k ,oa Hkwfe lq/kkj lEcU/kh vyx&vyx lfefr;ka cukdj Lo;a rFkk vU; dks jkstxkj miyC/k djk ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
d lS)kfUrd&&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
Vhi&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
e`nk ,oa ty
ty
1&okg~; {ks=] okg~; {ks= dk oxhZdj.k] okg~; {ks= izcU/k] tyh; p ds eq[; ?kVd] o"kZ.k ds izdkj] o"kZ.k
dk izkDdyu] o"kkZekih ;U= dk v/;;u] tyo`f"V dh fo'ks"krk;saA
30
2&viokg ifjHkk"kk] izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] viokg nj dk izkDdyu] ifj{ks= fof/k] viokg dh eki]
/kkjkekih fof/k] Cyc fof/k] fc;j fof/k] csx ,oa {ks=Qy fof/kA
30
f}rh; iz'u&i=
e`nk {kj.k
1&ok;q {kj.k] ok;q {kj.k dh ;kaf=dh] lapkyu dk mie.k] ifjogu dh izf;k] fuyEcu mRiru] i`"B liZ.k]
fu{ksi.k] ok;q {kj.k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] ok;q {kj.k o gkfu;kA
30
2&Hkw&{kj.k }kjk e`nk gkfu dk izkDdyu] Hkkjr esa Hkw&{kj.k dh leL;k,a] [kM~M {kj.k dh leL;k] Hkkjr esa [kM~M
{kj.k dh leL;k ,oa [kM~M dh leL;k ,oa [kM~M {kfjr {ks=] ok;q {kj.k dh leL;k] lkxjh; {kj.k dh leL;kA 30
r`rh;
rh; iz'u&i=
Hkwfe laj{k.k
{k.k
1&o`{k laj{k.k dh ;kaf=dh fof/k;ka] esMcUnh esM+ksa ds izdkj] leksPp esM+cUnh] leksPp esM+ksa ds dk;Z] esM+ksa dk
vfHkdYiu] <ky dh izo.krk] vUrjky esM+ksa dk vkdkj ,oa vuqizLFk dkV] esM+ksa dks pk] ik'oZ <ky] 'kh"kZ
pkSM+kbZ] esM+ksa dk vkdkj] pkSM+kbZ] leksPp esM+ksa dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjd] esM+ksa dh fLFkfr dk fuekZ.k ,oa
izcU/k] esM+ fuekZ.k ds vkfFkZd ykxr dh x.kukA
20

196

2&osfndk [ksrh&&ifjHkk"kk] osfndkvksa ds dk;Z] osfndkvksa ds izdkj] lksiku osfndk] dVd ,oa ukyh osfndk] lksiku
osfndk ds izdkj ,oa mudh mi;ksfxrk] osfndkvksa dk vfHkdYiu] vUrdj.k] osfndk izo.krk] osfndk yEckbZ]
osfndk dh vuqizLFk dkV] osfndk fuekZ.k ,oa fuekZ.k ds vkfFkZd ykxr dh x.kukA
3&leryhdj.k&&ifjHkk"kk] leryhdj.k dh fof/k;k] leryhdj.k ds mi;qDr ;a=ksa dk v/;;u] leryhdj.k
dh vkfFkZd ykxr dh x.kuk] [kM~M fu;a=.k] fu;a=.k ds fl)kUr] fu;a=.k mik;ksa ds mn~ns';] fu;a=.k
dh fof/k;k] okuLifrd fof/k;k] ;kaf=d fof/k;k] vLFkk;h jpuk,a] LFkk;h jpuk,aA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
ok;q {kj.k fu;a=.k
.k
1&'kq"d [ksrh] ifjHkk"kk] Hkkjr esa 'kq"d {ks=ksa dk forj.k] 'kq"d [ksrh lEcfU/kr lq>ko] 'kq"d {ks= ds fy;s Qlyksa
dk p;uA
2&?kklnkj ty ekxZ] ty ekxksZa dk mi;ksx] ty ekxksZa dk vfHkdyu cgko dh leL;k] ty ekxZ dh vkd`fr]
mi;qDr ?kklksa dk pquko] ty ekxksZa dk fuekZ.k ,oa fuekZ.k ds vkfFkZd ykxr dh x.kukA
iape iz'u&i=
lj Hkwfe;ksa dk lq/kkj ,oa Hkwfe laj{k.k esa okfudh izcU/k
U/k
1&ouksa dk izHkko] ouksa ds izdkj] fofHkUu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ou jksi.k ds fy;s laLrqr tkfr;ka] {ks= okfudh
ou lqj{kk] vk/kqfud thou esa ouksa dk ;ksxnku] ouksa dk i;kZoj.k ij izHkko] oxhZdj.k dh ljdkjh uhfr
,oa mudh mi;ksfxrkA
2&Hkwfe laj{k.k] flapkbZ ifjHkk"kk] mn~ns';] Qly dh ty ekax] flapkbZ vko`fRr] flapkbZ dh ty {kerk dh
uki] fofHkUu Qlyksa ,oa {ks=ksa ds fy;s lEiw.kZ ty vk;ru dk izkDdyu] flapkbZ dh fof/k;kA
iz;ksxkRed
1&&lksiku osfndk dk fuekZ.kA
2&&dUVwj ,oa osfndk ukyh dk fuekZ.kA
3&&leryhdj.kA
4&&fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa j{kk isfV;ksa dk fuekZ.kA
5&&fofHkUu izdkj ds ikS/k'kkyk dk fuekZ.kA
6&&ikS/k'kkyk esa ikS/kksa dk d"kZ.kA
7&&ty&ekxksZa dk fuekZ.kA
8&&fofHkUu izdkj ds ikS/kksa ,oa cht dh igpkuA
9&&ih0 ,p0 Kku djukA
10&&ukbVkstu] QkLQksjl] iksVk'k ,oa e`nk ds eq[; rRoksa dks Kkr djukA
11&&lj lq/kkj dk O;kolkf;d KkuA
12&&fofHkUu laj{k.k jpukvksa dk dk;Z LFky ij voyksduA
iz;ks
;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk
le;&&5 ?k.Vs
d iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk&&
1 okg~; ijh{kk&&
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks rhu iz;ksx fn;s tk;sa&&
iz;ksx&&1 nh?kZ iz;ksx
iz;ksx&&2 y?kq iz;ksx
iz;ksx&&3 y?kq iz;ksx
2 lrr~ vkUrfjd ewY;kadu&&
d l=h; dk;Z
[k dk;Z&LFky dk izf'k{k.k
uksV%&&iz
%&& ;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.k gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad izkIr djuk vko';d gSA

20

20

30
30

30
30

197

laLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
1

iqLrd dk uke
2

6
7

Hkwfe laj{k.k ,oa Hkwfe lq/kkj


izkS|ksfxdh
Hkwfe ,oa ty laj{k.k ds
fl)kUr
e`nk ,oa ty laj{k.k ds
fl)kUr
d`f"k vfHk;U=.k
e`nk ,oa ty laj{k.k ds ewy
fl)kUr
e`nk foKku
e`nk vijnu ,oa Hkwfe laj{k.k

Hkkjr esa e`nk laj{k.k

2
3
4
5

ys[kd dk uke
3
loZJh&&
Mk0 vkse izdk'k
flag
Mk0 feJk]
'kqDyk ,oa 'kqDyk
,l0 lh0 oekZ

ewY;
5
#0
15-00

laLdj.k o"kZ
6

rnso

30-00

1988

esllZ Hkkjrh; Hk.Mkj cM+kSr] esjB

25-00

1987

ch0 ch0 flag


Mk0 vkse izdk'k

dqDd ifCyf'kax gkml] cM+kSr] esjB


rnso

13-50
30-00

1988
1983

Mk0 flag ,oa 'kekZ


Mk0 f=ikBh ,oa
lg;ksxh

rnso
izdk'ku funs'kky;] xksfoUn cYyHk
iUr
d`f"k
,oa
izkS|ksfxd
fo'ofo|ky;] iUruxj] uSuhrky
izdk'ku funs'kky;] xksfoUn cYyHk
iUr
d`f"k
,oa
izkS|ksfxd
fo'ofo|ky;] iUruxj] uSuhrky

30-00
50-00

1987
1988

4-65

1988

Jh clq ,oa lg;ksxh

izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk


4
fla?ky cqd] fMiks ,oa irk

1988

23 VsM&&,dkmUVsUlh ,oa vads{k.k


ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk&&
,dkmUVsUlh xzqi dk v/;;u djus ds ckn Nk= fuEu izdkj ds jkstxkj izkIr dj ldrk gSA
ys[kk fyfid] iqLrdky;] jksdfM+;k] jksdM+ fyfid] dS'k dkmUVj fyfid] ykxr fyfid vkSj vads{k.k fyfidA
mn~ns';&&
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL= ds ewyHkwr fl)kUrksa dk Kku iznku djus] O;kikfjd fuekZ.kksa rFkk lsok iznku djus okyh laLFkkvksa
esa j[kh tkus okyh iqLrdksa rFkk muds lEcU/k esa Kku iznku djuk rFkk O;ogkfjd rFkk fuekZ.k dk;Z esa yxs gq;s laxBuksa ds }kjk
iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys izi=ksa] ys[kksa rFkk fo'ks"k :i ls vfUre [kkrksa rFkk fooj.kh ds rS;kj fd;s tkus ds fo"k; esa O;kolkf;d Kku
iznku djrk gSA lkFk gh ;g izcU/kdksa dh deh] ykHk rFkk ifj.kkeksa dks Kkr djus dh fo'ks"k dq'kyrk iznku djuk gSA blh fy;s
ijh{kkFkhZ dks lS)kfUrd Kku ds ifjizs{; esa ,d xgu iz;ksxkRed izf'k{k.k Hkh izkIr djuk gksxkA iqLrikyu rFkk ys[kk deZ dh i)fr
vaxzsth i)fr] tSls&cSadksa] chek dEifu;ksa rFkk vU; laxBuksa esa j[kh tkrh gS] ls gh gksxhA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20

198

[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk

200
400

200

okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
Vhi&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&I
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&izs"k.k] la;qDr lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA
20
2&&lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&&izos'k] fuo`fRr] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esaA
20
3&&Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA
20
f}rh; iziz'u&i=
cgh[kkrs rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&dEiuh [kkrs feJ.k] lafoy;u rFkk iqufuZekZ.k dks NksM+dj vadksa ds fuxeu rFkk vkgj.k _.k&&i=ksa ds
fuxZe rFkk 'kks/k&Hkkjrh; dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1956 ds izko/kkuksa ds vuqlkj vfUre [kkrs rS;kj djukA
20
2&&ykxr ys[kkadu&&ifjHkk"kk] egRo rFkk i)fr;k] mn~ns';A
20
3&&ykxr ds eq[; rRo&&
20
1&&lkexzh&&; rFkk LVksj lzksrksa dk p;u] ; vkns'k] LVkd dk Lrj] lkexzh dk fuxZeu lrr~ lEifk
lwph i= fu;a=.kA
2&&Je&&le; j[kuk] etnwjh Hkqxrku gsrq fofHkUu le; fu/kkZj.k i)fr;kaA
3&&mifjO;; (Over Heads)&&dkj[kkus dk mifjO;; rFkk fo; ,oa forj.k mifjO;;A
4&&ykxr] fooj.k rFkk fufonk rS;kj djukA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&dk;kZy; midj.k&&Je] cpr midj.kA
20
2&&fooj.k ds ek/;e&&Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] Ja`[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
20
3&&chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
xf.kr rFkk lkaf[;dh
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&nj vuqikr rFkk izfr'kr ,oa O;klkf;d leL;kvksa esa muds vuqiz;ksxA
14
2&&lk/kkj.k vkSj po`f) C;kt ls ifjdyu rFkk cSadksa ,oa vU; vfHkdj.k }kjk C;kt Kkr djus ds fy;s
iz;ksx dh x;h rkfydk jsMhjsduj dk iz;ksxA
16

199

3&&dsUnzh; izo`fk dh eki&&lekUrj ek/; vkSlr] ekf/;dk] cgqyd] T;kferh; ek/;] gjkRed ek/;A

10

4&&fopyu dh ekiksa&&ekud fopyuA

10

5&&lwpukad rFkk bldk mi;ksxA

10
iape iz'u&i=
vads{k.k
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad

1&&ewY;kadu ,oa lR;kiu&&vFkZ] mn~ns'; ,oa py&vpy lEifRr;ksa dk lR;kiu ,oa ewY;kadu] nkf;Roksa dk lR;kiuA 16
2&&vads{k.k&&xq.k ,oa ;ksX;rk;sa] fu;qfDr dkZO;] vf/kdkj ,oa nkf;RoA

14

3&&fof'k"V vads{k.k&&lk>snkjh QeZ] ,dkadh O;kikj ,oa lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dk vads{k.k&&f'k{k.k laLFkk;saA

20

4&&vads{k.k izfrosnu&&LoPN ,oa e;kZfnr izfrosnuA

10

iz;ksxkRed
kRed ikB~;e
iw.kkZd
a &&400
U;wure&&200
cM+s iz;ksx&&
1&&fn;s x;s funsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj i= rS;kj djuk] iwN&rkN ds i= fu'kZ&i= dksVs'ku] vkns'k&i=] lwpuk&i=] lUnHkZ i=]
; vkns'k&i=] fo; i= xzkgdksa dh ; gsrq izsfjr djus okys i=] rdkns i=] Le`fr i=] f'kdk;r&i=] x'rh&i=] chek ,tsUlh
lEcU/kh i=] cSad ,oa chek lEcU/kh i=] ifjp;&i=] ljdkjh i=] flQkjlh i=] ukSdjh gsrq vkosnu&i= lk{kkRdkj i=] fu;qfDr
i=A
2&&udn jlhn] MsfoV uksV sfMV uksV] fofue; foi=] izfrKk i=] psd&is&bu fLyi] gq.Mh] psd] MkV] vkj0vkj0
VsyhxzkQ] euhvkMZj QkeZ] Vstjh QkeZ] ch0,e0&&9] I;wu cqd] ekLVj jksy] LVkd jftLVj] yho ,dkm.VA
x iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu
1&&ok ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk 200 vad&&
d pkj cM+s iz;ksx (20+20+20+20) 80 vad cM+s iz;ksx dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M eas nks&nksA
[k pkj NksVs iz;ksx (10+10+10+10) 40 vad NksVs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls nks&nksA
x ekSf[kdh iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ij 40 vad ijA
?k izSfDVdy uksV cqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa 40 vad dk ladyuA
2&&vkUrfjd ijh{kk 200&&
d l=h; dk;Z 100&&
l=h; dk;Z dk foHkktu
mifLFkfr vuq'kklu

10 vad

fyf[kr dk;Z

20 vad

nks o"kksZa esa ikp VsLV fy;s tk;saxs

50 vad

ekSf[kdh

20 vad

dqy 100 vad


[k vkS|ksfxd izfr"Bkuksa }kjk iznRr 100 vad Js.kh ds vk/kkj ijA

200

izLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
1
1

iqLrd dk uke
2

ek/;fed cgh [kkrk


ys[kk&izi= izFke
ek/;fed cgh [kkrk
ys[kk'kkL=&f}rh;
cgh[kkrk ,oa ys[kk'kkL=

vad{s k.k

ys[kd d
dkk uke
3
loZJh&&
,oa flag ,oa vxzoky
,oa flag ,oa vxzoky

izdk'ku dk uke ,oa irk


4

laLdj.k o"kZ
6

Hkkjr izzdk'ku efUnj] esjB

ewY;
5
#0
30-00

Hkkjr izdk'ku efUnj] esjB

30-00

1989&90

05-00

1989&90

17-00

1989&90

80-00

1989&90

ch0 ,l0 HkV~Vkpk;kZ ,oa uothou izdk'ku] esjB


xksfoy
ch0,l0 HkV~Vkpk;kZ ,oa uothou izdk'ku] esjB
xksfoy
fgUnh izpkjd laLFkku

1989&90

24 VsM&&cSafdax
ikB~;e d
dhh mi;ksfxrk&&
cSafdax /kkjkvksa ds v/;;u ds mijkUr Nk= fuEu izdkj ds jkstxkj izkfIr djrk gS&&
1 DydZ] 2 jksdfM+;k] 3 fyfid rFkk jksdfM+;k] 4 xksnke laj{kd] 5 fyfid rFkk xksnke laj{kd] 6 jksdfM+;k rFkk
xksnke laj{kd] 7 fyfid rFkk VkbfiLVA
mn~ns';&&
orZeku ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa Nk=ksa dk cSafdax ds lS)kfUrd Kku dk gksuk gh i;kZIr ugha gS] vfirq mls O;kogkfjd Kku dh Hkh
vfr vko';drk gSA bl n`f"Vdks.k dks /;ku esa j[krs gq;s cSafdax ds ewyHkwr fl)kUr ds vfrfjDr Nk=ksa dks cSafdax lsok ds fy;s rS;kj
djuk Hkh gSA jkstxkjijd f'k{kk dh vksj vxzlj gksus esa ;g dne lgk;d fl) gksxkA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk %
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk 'kkL=&&I
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=&&O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&&cSafdax
60
20
iape iz'u&i=&&cSafdax
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
Vhi&&
esa 50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA

201

izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk
rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&I

1&&izs"k.k] la;qDr lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA
2&&lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&&izos'k] fuo`fRr] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esaA
3&&Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrs rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II

vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
20
20
20

vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&dEiuh [kkrs&& va'kksa dk fuxZeu rFkk vkgj.k] cksul] va'k _.k i=ksa dk fuxZeu ,ao 'kks/ku dEiuh
ls vfUre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1956 ds vuqlkjA
40
2&&cSad lEcU/kh ys[ksA
10
3&&cSafdax dEifu;ksa ds ykHk&gkfu] [kkrk ,oa fpV~Bk] cSafdax vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkjA
10
r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&dk;kZy; midj.k&&Je] cpr] midj.ka
20
2&&fooj.k ds ek/;e&&Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] Ja[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
20
3&&chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
cSafdax
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&Hkkjrh; eqnzk cktkj ,oa foRr cktkj&&eq[; vad] nks"k] lq/kkj ds mik;A
10
2&&lk[k ,oa lk[k i=&&lk[k dk vFkZ] Hksn vuqdwy ifjfLFkfr;ka] fofue; foi=] izfrKk&i=] gq.Mh] cSad MkV]
Lohd`fr i= ,oa psd@psd ds izdkj] Hksn] js[kkadu] cspku ,oa vukoj.kA
40
3&&fons'kh eqnzk dk ; ,oa fo;A
10
iape iz'u&i=
cSafdax
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&cSadksa dk jk"Vh;dj.kA
10
2&&lgdkjh cSad] {ks=h; xzkeh.k cSad] jk"Vh; d`f"k ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl cSad] d`"kd lsok lfefr;k] yhM cSad]
Hkwfe fodkl cSad] Mkd foHkkx dh cSafdax lsok;saA
25
3&&lek'kks/ku x`g&&cSadksa }kjk psdksa ,oa fcyksa vkfn dk lek'kks/ku egRo] laxgz dkkZ cSad }kjk j[kh tkus
25
okyh lko/kkfu;kA

202

iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
vf/kdre&&400 vad
U;wure&&200 vad
cM+s iz;ksx&&
1&&cSadksa esa [kkrs [kksyus ds fofHkUu izi=ksa dks Hkjuk ,oa fudklh izi=ksa dk iklcqd ,oa ystj [kkrksa esa ys[kk djuk] iklcqd
esa C;kt dh x.kuk ,oa p<+kuk] is&bu&fLyi }kjk tek /kujkf'k dk ystj [kkrksa esa izfof"V djuk] cSad MkV] ,l0Vh0 Vh0Vh0 ,oa
is&vkMZj rS;kj djuk rFkk mudh iksfLVax djkuk] _.k lEcU/kh vko';d izi=ksa dks HkjukA
NksVs iz;ksx&&
2&&lkIrkfgd fooj.k] fjVZu rS;kj djuk ,oa iz/kku dk;kZy; Hkstuk] cSadksa ds [kkrksa dk j[k&j[kko rFkk cSad lEcU/kh jksdM+
cgh] ystj] ryiV rFkk vfUre [kkrksa dk fuekZ.k rFkk ch0,e0&&9 HkjukA
[k vuqef.kdk dk fuekZ.k] psdksa dk fy[kuk] fuxZeu djuk ,oa fuxZeu jftLVj esa ys[kk djuk] psdksa dk i`"Bkadu ,oa
js[kkadu djuk] psdksa dh oS/krk dh tkap djuk] is&bu&fLyi] fofu;e i=] izfrKk&i=] gq.Mh o Vstjh fcyksa dk fy[kuk] fofHkUu Je
la?kd&i=ksa dk iz;ksx] jsMh&jsduj }kjk x.kuk] ckmpj dS'k eseks tek rFkk uke i= Hkjuk] chtd] fo; fooj.k rS;kj djuk] i=
izkfIr iqLrd] Mkd&O;; jftLVj] I;wu cqd rFkk [kqnjk jksdM+ cgh dk fy[kukA
x iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu
1&&ok ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk 200 vad&&
d pkj cM+s iz;ksx (20+20+20+20) cM+s iz;ksx dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls nks&nksA
[k pkj NksVs iz;ksx (10+10+10+10) NksVs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls nks&nksA
x ekSf[kdh 40 iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ijA
?k izSfDVdy uksV&cqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa dk ladyu&&40 vadA
2&&vkUrfjd ijh{kk 200&&
d l=h; dk;Z 100 vad&&
l=h; dk;Z dk foHkktu&&
mifLFkfr vuq'kklu
10 vad
fyf[kr dk;Z
20 vad
nks o"kksZa esa ikp VsLV fy;s tk;saxs
50 vad
ekSf[kdh
20 vad
;ksx - 100 vad
[k vkS|ksfxdh izfr"Bkuksa }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij&&100 vadA
izLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'ku dk uke ,oa irk
ewY;
laLdj.k o"kZ
1
2
3
4
5
6
loZJh&&
#0
1 cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk 'kkL= cSafdax flag ,oa vxzoky
Hkkjr izzdk'ku efUnj] esjB
30-00
1888&89
xzqi
2 eqnzk ,oa cSfa dax
Mk0 JhdkUr feJ
Jhjke esgjk ,.M dEiuh]
25-00
1988&89
gkfLiVy jksM] vkxjk&&3
3 Hkkjrh; eqnzk rFkk cSafdax
fot; iky flag
Hkkjr izdk'ku efUnj] esjB
35-00
1988&89
4 O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
--28-00
1988&89
5 Hkkjrh; eqnzk cSafdax
--21-00
1988&89
6 O;kolkf;d cgh[kkrk
--30-00
1988&89

203

25 VsM&&vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k


ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk&&
vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k xzqi dk v/;;u djus ds mijkUr Nk= fuEu izdkj ds jkstxkj izkIr dj ldrk gS&&
1 osru jkstxkj&&vk'kqfyfid] Vad.k] O;fDrxr lfpo] xksiuh; lfpo] dk;kZy; lgk;d] v/kh{kd fyfid ,oa Vad.k]
,y0 Mh0 lh0] ;w0 Mh0 lh0 leLr in ljdkjh] v)Z ljdkjh ,oa O;fDrxr laLFkkuksa esaA
2 Lojkstxkj&&v O;kolkf;d laLFkku Vad.k ,oa vk'kqfyfi] vk O;fDrxr laLFkku Vad.k ,oa cgqfyfidj.k rFkk
va'kdkyhu dk;ZA
mn~ns';&&
1&&Nk=ksa dks vk/kqfud ;qx esa vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k ds egRo dk Kku djkukA
2&&Nk=ksa esa vk'kqfyfi ys[ku] iBu ,oa :ikUrj djus dh {kerk dk fodkl djukA
3&&Nk=ksa esa Vad.k djus dh {kerk dk fodkl djuk] lk/kkj.k fo"k;&oLrq i= rkfydk] fofHkUu izdkj ds O;olk; esa iz;qDr
izi= vkSj izk:i izfrfyfi ,oa izksMD'ku] Vkbfiax vkfnA
4&&Nk=ksa esa O;fDrxr ,oa dk;Z vknrksa dk fodkl djukA
5&&Nk=ksa esa Vad.k dh 40 'kCn izfr feuV ,oa vk'kqfyfi dh 120 'kCn izfr feuV dh xfr dk fodkl djukA
6&&Nk=ksa dks vk/kqfud dk;kZy; O;kolkf;d laxBu ,oa fofo/k rFkk O;kogkfjdrk dk vocks/k djkukA
7&&Nk=ksa dks rqjUr jkstxkj izkIr djus ds fy;s rS;kj djukA
ikB~;e&&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk 'kkL=&&I
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=&&O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&&vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k vaxzsth vFkok fgUnh
60
20
iape iz'u&i=&&vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k fgUnh ;k vaxzsth
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
Vhi&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&I
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&izs"k.k] la;qDr lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA

20

2&&lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&&izos'k] fuo`fRr] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esaA

20

3&&Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA

20

204

f}rh; iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk
rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&dEiuh [kkrs&& va'kksa dk fuxZeu rFkk vkgj.k] cksul] va'k _.k&i=ksa dk fuxZeu ,oa 'kks/ku] dEiuh ds
vfUre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1956 ds vuqlkjA
40
2&&bdgjk ys[kk iz.kkyhA
10
3&&m/kkj ; fo; fudkyuk ns; fcy ,oa izkIr fcy [kkrs lfgrA
10
r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
20
1&&dk;kZy; midj.k&&Je] cpr@midj.kA
2&&fooj.k ds ek/;e&&Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] J`a[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
20
3&&chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k fgUnh
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
bdkbZ&1 1&&vUrnsZ'kh; ,oa vUrjkZ"Vh; O;kikj] chek] O;kogkfjd&i=A
20
2&&ty lsuk ,oa iqfyl lEcU/kh izys[kA
3&&Hkkjrh; 'kklu i)fr] O;oLFkkfidk lHkk] Lok;k 'kklu foHkkx] fofHkUu izdkj dh jktuSfrd laLFkk lEcU/kh ys[kA
bdkbZ&2 1&&uxj ,oa izkUrksa ds uke] izokl Hkkjroklh 'kCnkoyhA
20
2&&vUrjkZ"Vh; 'kCnkoyhA
3&&f'k{kk foHkkx] LokLF; foHkkx lEcU/kh izys[kA
bdkbZ&3 1&&U;k; foHkkx ,oa ckypj e.My lEcU/kh izys[kA
20
2&&xzg] u{k= vkfn lEcU/kh izys[kA
3&&fgUnh lkfgR; lEcU/kh izys[kA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
'kkVZ gS.M Vkbi vaxzsth
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
Unit 1Business Phrases, Insurances, Banking, Railway, Stock booking and shipping
phrases etc.
Unit 2Technical Theological, Political phrases, Phrases used in other walk of life special
words.
Unit 3Office like dictation direct or through recorded devices like tapereabid as dictations
means radio, T.V. etc. of official, business and personal correspondance, notingr
confidential matter filling of various kinds of proformas used in organizations
and institution.
Unit 4Transcriptions on the typewriter of the seen and unseen materials related to the
works of a steno-typist in various organizations as mentioned from unit 1 to unit 4.

10
10

20
20

205

iape iz'u&i=
vk'kqfyfi ,oa Vad.k fgUnh
vf/kdre vad&&60
U;wure vad&&20
bdkbZ&&1
20
dkcZu dkxt dk iz;ksx&&blds iz;ksx dh fof/k;k] e'khu i)fr ,oa MsLd i)frA dkcZu&izfr dh v'kqf) dk la'kks/kuA
bdkbZ&&2
20
LVsfUly dkVuk&&fjcu dks gVkuk vFkok fjcu IysV esa ifjorZu djukA
fo"k; oLrq dks Bhd :i esa O;ofLFkr djukA izwQ jhfMax ,oa la'kks/ku] nzO; }kjk lq/kkjA fofHkUu izdkj ds midj.kksa
dk iz;ksx] tSls&&yksgs dk isu] Ldsy] LysV ,oa gLrk{kj IysVA
bdkbZ&&3
20
d Vkbi e'khu ij Vsi fd;s gq, fc; ls Vkbi djukA
[k izksMD'ku Vkbfiax&&gLrfyf[kr ewy ys[k dk Vad.kA
lk/kkj.k] vlk/kkj.k] eSU;qfLIV] vkns'k] u'rh&i=] lwpuk,a] Le`fr&i=] foKku] lk{kkRdkj&i=] fu;qfDr&i= vkfn
dk Vad.kA xzkQ dkxt ij Vad.kA
uksV&bl
& iz'u&i= esa dsoy lS)kfUrd fyf[kr iz'u gh iwNs tk;a D;ksafd Vkbi e'khu dk iz;ksx iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa fd;k
tkrk gSA
FIFTH PAPER
Shorthand and Type (English)
Maximum Marks60
Minimum Marks20
Unit 1--(a) Importance of typewriting in modern age, typerwriting for vocational use and
30
college preparatory.
Various kinds of typewriters based on the make the type, the size, the language etc.
manual typewriter, Electric typewriter, Electronic typerwriter, word processor.
System of typing, Touch system and sight system, their advantages and disadvantage.
(b) Aranging the materials for typing and of the class procedure.
Correct typing method, various parts of a typewriter and their uses, manipulative control,
margin stops, paper guide, paper release, line space gauge, cylinder knobs, shifts key, spacebar
etc.
Insertion and removal of paper in and out of the machine.
(c) Covering the keyboard typing of alphabets, words, phrases sentences and small
paragraphs, typing of number and symbol keys.
Typing of symbols not given on the key-board.
(d) Centring horizontal, vertical mathematical and judgement placement.
Proof reading and correction of errors, Proof correction marks of different types of
erasing materials, erasures (rubber/pencil) chemical paper, chemical liquid, correction mistake
within the machine, squeezing and spreading.
(e) Care and maintenance of typewriter oiling and cleaning of the machine.
Change of ribbon.
Minor repair work.
(f) Calculation of speed.

206
Straight copy of typing (SWAM, CWAM and NWAM) and production typing (G-PRAM
and N-PRAM) and MVAM, Speed Compositions, Indian and world records in typing.
(g) Personal habits and work habits, Personal appearance, willingness, promptness,
initiative trust, worthiness, punctuality, etc.
Following instructions and direction.
Unit 2--Typing of letters, Blocked, Semi-blocked and NOMA simplified the open close and
mixed punctuations.

15

Typing of short letters (small and full size letter papers) one page letter and letter running into
more than one page.
Typing of addresses on envelops, inlands and postcards, including window display chain feed.
Typing of annexures and appendices to letter.
Unit 3--(a) Tabular typing, Two column Table and Multiple columns table box etc. display
of tabulation work.

15

Typing of financial and costing statements.


(b) Typing of printed forms like invoices, bills, quotation, tenders, index cards, telegrams etc.

iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iw.kkZd
a &&400
U;wure&&vad 200
1&&dk;kZy; 'kSyh&&dk;kZy; gsrq la'kks/ku lfgr Jqfr ys[ku] Vad.k ij mUgsa vuqeksfnr djuk ,oa Vafdr lkexzh dks gLrk{kj
gsrq izLrqr djukA
2&&vk'kqfyfi nh?kZfyfi ,oa Vad.k ;U= ij vuqokn djuk] Vad.k ;a= ij vuqokn djus ij fo'ks"k cy uk fn;k tk;A
3&&'kCn fpUgksa] fo'ks"k 'kCnksa] 'kCn lw{eksa] okD;ka'kksa ftlesa mPp okD;ka'k 'kkfey dk vk'kqfyfi esa fy[kuk ,oa vuqokn
djukA
4&&vk'kqfyfi ifVV~dk ,oa gLrfyf[kr Vafdr@eqfnzr lkexzh dk Nk=ksa }kjk fMDVs'ku nsukA
5&&vk'kqfyfi uksVksa dks vuqokfnr gksus ds ckn mu ij fpUg yxkuk vkSj Qkby djukA
Vad.k iz;ksxkRed
1&&foHkzfer ik.Mqfyfi;ksa ls Vad.kA
2&&LVsfUly dkVukA
3&&Vkbi e'khu ij izfrosnu@lw{eksa bR;kfn dks dEikst djukA
4&&fjcu dks cnyukA
5&&Vkbi e'khu dh lQkbZ ,oa rsy nsukA
6&&NksVs&NksVs ejEer dk;Z djukA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu
1&&okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk
200
lwph d ls
40
lwph [k ls
60
lwph x ls
60
ekSf[kd ,oa fjdkMZ
40
2&&vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk
200

207

d l=h; dk;Z
l=h; dk;Z dk foHkktu
mifLFkfr vuq'kklu
fyf[kr dk;Z
nks o"kksZa esa 5 VsLV fy;s tk;saxs
ekSf[kd

100

10
20
50
20
100
[k vkS|ksfxd laLFkkuksa vFkok dk;kZy;ksa }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij 100 vadA
uksV&&1&&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
2&&izR;sd /kkjk ds fy;s 4 ;k 5 dk;Z&LFkyksa dk p;u djuk gksxk vkSj ,d dk;Z&LFky ij 4 ;k 5 Nk= gh ,d le;
izf'k{k.k izkIr djsaxsA
3&&,d jkstxkj tkc ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu izdkj ds dk;ksZa dk voyksdu djds Nk=ksa dks mu dk;ksZa dks djuk gS
ftlls ml jkstxkj ls lEcfU/kr ;ksX;rkvksa ,oa {kerkvksa dk fodkl rFkk vknrksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk ldsA bldk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa esa
vftZr lS)kfUrd Kku ,oa iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dks dk;Z:i esa ifj.kr djuk gSA
4&&dk;Z dk fujh{k.k v/;kid rFkk Lokeh ,Eiyk;j }kjk fd;k tk;sxkA ijh{k.k dk;Z v/;kid@Lokeh ,Eiyk;j dh
vuq'kalk ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk;sxkA ;g 200 vad dk gksxkA okg~; ijh{kd }kjk 'ks"k 200 vad esa ijh{k.k fd;k tk;sxkA
5&&izR;sd Nk= iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dk iw.kZ ys[kk j[ksxk ftls okg~; ijh{kd ijh{k.k dk;Z djrs le; /;ku esa j[ksxkA
6&&Nk=ksa dks Nk=o`fk nsus dk izkfo/kku gksuk pkfg;sA
7&&Nk=ksa dks dk;Z LFky ij iw.kZ le; rd jguk pkfg;sA mUgsa izfrfnu fo|ky; vkus ;k tkus dh vko';drk ugha gSA
izLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk
ewY;
laLdj.k o"kZ
1
2
3
4
5
6
loZJh&&
#0
1 fgUnh ladsr fyfi
x;k izlkn vxzoky
vuqie izdk'kd] f'kodqVh] bykgkckn
14-00
1989
2 fgUnh 'kkVZ gS.M eSuqvy x;k izlkn vxzoky
;qfuolZy cqd lsylZ
12-25
1987

26 VsM&&foi.ku rFkk fo; dyk


ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk&&
foi.ku rFkk fo; dyk oxZ dk v/;;u djus ds ckn Nk= fuEu izdj ds jkstxkj dj ldrk gS&&
1&&lkekU; fosrk]
2&&fo; lgk;d@dkmUVj fosrk]
3&&fu;kZr fosrk]
4&&QqVdj fosrk]
5&&Fkksd fosrk]
6&&fo; izfrfuf/k]
7&&foKkiu ,tsfUl;ksa esa deZpkjh ds :i esaA
mn~ns';&&
foi.ku ,oa fo; dyk ikB~;e dk mn~ns'; vPNs fosrk rS;kj djuk gSA blds fy;s mUgsa xzkgdksa ds Lokxr djus mudh
vko';drkvksa dk irk yxkus rFkk mUgsa iwjk djus] oLrqvksa ds izn'kZu djus] xzkgdksa ds rdksZa rFkk 'kadkvksa dk lek/kku djus] fo;

208

O;fDrRo ds fodkl djus rFkk fofHkUu fo; vfHkdj.kksa ds lEcU/k esa iw.kZ Kku iznku djuk gSA bldk mn~ns'; cktkj dh n'kkvksa]
leL;kvksa ,oa fo; izf;kvksa ds lEcU/k esa Hkh Kku nsuk gS] ftlls O;kogkfjd thou esa os lQy fosrk cu ldsA
ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZ
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&I
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=&&O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&&foi.ku rFkk fo; dyk
60
20
iape iz'u&i=&&foi.ku rFkk fo; dyk
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa ds izR;sd iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
Vhi&
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZd
a ikuk vko';d gSA
lS)kfUrd ikB~;e&&izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&I
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&izs"k.k la;qDr lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA
20
2&&lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&&izos'k] fuo`Rr] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esaA
20
3&&Hkkjrh; cgh [kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrs rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&dEiuh [kkrs&& va'kksa dk fuxZeu rFkk vkgj.k] cksul] va'k _.k i=ksa dk fuxZeu ,ao 'kks/ku dEiuh ds
vfUre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1956 ds vuqlkjA
20
2&&bdgjk ys[kk iz.kkyhA
20
3&&m/kkj ;&fo; fudkyuk ns; fcy ,oa izkIr fcy [kkrs lfgrA
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1&&dk;kZy; midj.k] Je] cpr] midj.kA
20
2&&fooj.k ds ek/;e] Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] Ja[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
20
3&&chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
20

209

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
foi.ku rFkk fo; dyk
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1 d`f"k foi.ku O;oLFkk ds nks"k rFkk ljdkj }kjk mBk;s x;s dne lkoZtfud forj.k iz.kkkyh] e.Mh lfefr
rFkk laxBuA
10
2 vkS|ksfxd forj.k dh vko';drk ,oa egRo rFkk fofHkUu igywA
10
3 vkS|ksfxd foi.ku ds fofHkUu vfHkdj.kA
10
4 egRoiw.kZ vkS|ksfxd mRiknuksa dk foi.ku] lhesUV] yksgk rFkk bLikr ,oa phuhA
10
5 fu;kZr foi.ku] fu;kZr uhfr] fu;kZr izf;k] fu;kZr foi.ku dh leL;k;sa] fu;kZr lEcU/ku rFkk mlds fy, 20
mBk;s x;s dneA
iape iz'u&i=
foi.ku rFkk fo; dyk
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1 oSKkfud foKkiu dk vFkZ] vk/kqfud O;kikj ds egRo] foKkiu ds vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd egRoA
20
2 foi.ku ds ek/;eA
10
3 fofHkUu izdkj dh foKkiu izfr;ksa dh rS;kjh ,oa lhek;saA
10
4 miHkksDRkk laj{k.k ,oa ,e0vkj0Vh0ih0 ,sDV ds lUnHkZ esaA
10
5 cktkj fjiksVZ dh rS;kjh ,oa fuokZpuA
10
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
vf/kdre&&400 vad
U;wure&&200 vad
cM+s iz;ksx&&
lwph&&d fn;s x;s funsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj i= rS;kj djuk] iwN&rkN ds i=] fu[kZ dksVs'ku] vkns'k&i=] lwpuk&i=] lUnHkZ
i=] ; vkns'k&i=] fo;&i=] xzkgdksa ds ; ds fy, izsfjr djus okys i=] rdkns ds i=] Le`fr&i=] f'kdk;rh&i=] x'rh&i=]
,tsUlh lEcU/kh i=] cSad o chek lEcU/kh i=] ifjp; i=] ljdkjh i=] v)Z ljdkjh i=] flQkj'kh i= ukSdjh gsrq vkosnu&i=]
fu;qfDr&i=A
lwph [k&&
cSadksa esa [kkrk [kksyus ds fy;s fofHkUu i=ksa dks Hkjuk] psd dk fy[kuk] fcy fy[kuk] chtd cukuk] fo; izi=] MsfoV
uksV] sfMV uksV] izfr{kk i= ns'kh&fons'kh] foKkiu ds fy;s izfr rS;kj djuk] cktkj fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
NksVs iz;ksx&&
lwph d&&
QkjofMaZx uksV djuk] jsyos jlhn vkj0vkj0] fu;kZr izf;k esa iz;ksx gksus okys izi=ksa dks Hkjuk] dUlkbuesaV uksV Hkjuk]
th0vkj0 QkeZ Hkjuk] euhvkMZj ,oa rkj QkeZ HkjukA
lwph [k&&
le; o Je cpkus okys ;a=ksa dh tkudkjh ,oa iz;ksx tSls dydqysVlZ] MsfVax e'khu] iafpx e'khu] psd jkbfVax e'khu]
,fMax e'khu] fjdkMZj] LVkEi okp] jsMh jsduj vkfnA

210

iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu


1&&ckg~; ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk&
d pkj cM+s iz;ksx (20+20+20+20) cM+s iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls nks&nksA
[k pkj NksVs iz;ksx (10+10+10+10) NksVs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls nks&nksA
x ekSf[kdh 40 vad iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ijA
?k izSfDVdy uksV&cqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa dk ladyu 40 vadA
2&&vkUrfjd ijh{kk&&200 vad
d l=h; dk;Z 100 vad
l=h; dk;Ze
e dk foHkktu
vad
mifLFkfr vuq'kklu
10
fyf[kr dk;Z
20
fyf[kr dk;Z
50
ekSf[kdh
20
;ksx - - 100 vad
[k vkS|ksfxdh izfr"Bkuksa }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij 100 vadA
izLrqr iqLrdsa&&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk
ewY;
1
2
3
4
5
loZJh&&
#0
1 O;kikfjd laxBu i=&O;ogkj ,oa
ih0ih0 HkkxZo
Jh jke esgjk ,.M dEiuh] 30-00
cktkj forj.k Hkkx&1
gkfLiVy jksM] vkxjk
2 O;kikfjd laxBu i=&O;ogkj ,oa
ih0ih0 HkkxZo

30-00
cktkj fooj.k] Hkkx&2
3 cktkj O;oLFkk
ih0ih0 HkkxZo
;wfuolZy cqd fMiks] 35-00
y[ku

200 vad

laLdj.k o"kZ
6
1988&89
1988&89
1988

27 VsM&&lfpoh; i)fr
ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk&&
lfpoh; i)fr xzqi dk v/;;u djus ds ckn Nk= fuEu izdkj ds jkstxkj izkIr dj ldrk gS&&
1 O;fDrxr lgk;d@lfpoA
2 fyfid rFkk VkbfiLVA
3 dk;kZy; lgk;dA
4 VsyhQksu vkijsVjA
5 LokxrdkkZ
mn~ns';&&
vk/kqfud O;kolkf;d x`gksa esa lfpoh; dk;Z dk egRo rFkk Je ,oa le; lap; ;a=ksa dk mi;ksx c<+rk tk jgk gSA vr%
lfpoh; dk;Z esa dk;Zjr O;fDr;ksa dks fuEu ds lEcU/k esa lS)kfUrd ,oa O;kogkfjd Kku djkuk bl ikB~;e dk mn~ns'; gS&&
1 dk;kZy; laxBuA
2 vkxr ,oa fuxZr i=ksa dh dk;Z fof/kA

211

3
4
5
6
7
8
ikB~;e&&
bl

izi=ksa ,oa izys[kksa dks lqjf{kr j[kuk ,oa miyC/k djkukA


Je ,oa le; lap; ;a=A
dk;kZy; LVs'kujh dh O;oLFkkA
lHkk ,oa lfpoh; dk;ZA
cSad] Mkd&rkj ,oa ifjogu lsok;sAa
O;kikfjd i=&O;ogkj ,oa lfpoh; dk;Z lEcU/kh izi=ksa dks rS;kj djukA

VsM esa ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu ,oa le; fuEuor~ jgsxk&&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk ,oa ys[kk'kkL=&&I
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&II
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=&&O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&&lfpoh; i)fr
60
20
iape iz'u&i=&&lfpoh; i)fr
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
Vhi&&
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
lS)kfUrd ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&&
[kk'kkL=&&I
vf/kdre&&60 vad
U;wure&&20 vad
1 izs"k.k la;qDr] lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA
20
2 lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&izos'k fuo`fk] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esaA
20
3 Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&II
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1 dEiuh [kkrs&va'kksa dk fuxZeu rFkk vkgj.k] cksul va'k] _.k i=ksa dk fuxZeu ,oa 'kks/ku dEiuh ds
20
vfUre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1956 ds vuqlkjA
2 bdgjk ys[kk iz.kkyh&m/kkj ; ,oa fo; fudkyuk] ns; fcy ,oa izkIr fcy [kkrs lfgrA
20
3 cSad lEcU/kh ys[ksA
20

212

r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1 dk;kZy; midj.k&Je] cpr] midj.kA
20
2 forj.k ds ek/;e&Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] J`a[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
20
3 chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
20
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
lfpoh; i)fr
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1 ekuoh; lEcU/kksa ds lEcU/k esa deZpkfj;ksa dh Hkwfedk] lkekU; O;fDr;ksa ls lEcU/k O;ogkj] mPp vf/kdkfj;ksas 20
ls lEcU/k O;ogkj] lg;ksfx;ksa ls O;ogkj] lEizs"k.k f'k"VkpkjA
2 lwpuk,a ,oa iwNrkN&vkxUrqdksa ,oa xzkgdksa dk Lokxr] muds izfr uezrk cuk;s j[kuk] O;olk; esa
20
xksiuh;rk dk egRoA
3 ljdkjh ,oa v)Z ljdkjh laLFkkvksa tSls vk;dj] fchdj] mRiknudj] iwfrZ foHkkx] m|ksx foHkkx]
20
uxjikfydk ;k egkikfydk ls i=&O;ogkjA
iape iz'u&i=
lfpoh; i)fr
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1 i= ys[ku&egRo] vfuok;ZrkA
10
2 O;kolkf;d i= O;ogkj&O;kolkf;d i= ds fofHkUu Hkkx] O;kolkf;d i=ksa dks fy[kuk] iwaN&rkN vkns'k]
fujLrhdj.k] lanHkZ] f'kdk;r vkfnA
10
3 fofHkUu izdkj dh O;kolkf;d laLFkkvksa] ifjogu] chek] lapkj ,oa cSadksa vkfn ls i=&O;ogkj djukA
20
4 O;kolkf;d laLFkk esa fu;qfDr lEcU/kh i=&O;ogkj] lk{kkRdkj] fu;qfDr] inHkkj xzg.k djuk] Li"Vhdj.k
vkfnA
20
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iw.kkZad&400
U;wure vad&200
cM+s iz;ksx&
cSad lEcU/kh izi=ksa] psd tek iphZ] i`"Bkdau] js[kkadu] MkV ,oa /ku izs"k.k lEcU/kh izi=ksa dk iz;ksx] Mkd lsokvksa ls
lEcfU/kr izi=ksa dks HkjukA
jsyos ,oa gokbZ tgkt esa vkj{k.k ,oa fujLrhdj.k izi=ksa dks HkjukA
dk;kZy; esa iz;ksx gksus okys fofHkUu izdkj ds izi=ksa ds izk:iksa dks Hkjokuk] Vh0,0 fcy] isfcy] chtd] MsfoV ,oa sfMV
uksV] bUMsUV] VsUMj] vkus o tkus okyh Mkd dk jftLVj Hkjuk bR;kfnA
NksVs iz;ksx&
VsyhQksu] VsysDl] VsyhfizUVj] bUVjdke] ih0ch0,Dl0 dk dk;Z Kku] VsyhQksu MkbjsDVjh ns[kuk] dk;kZy; dk;Z dk
O;kogkfjd izn'kZu uLrhdj.k ,oa vuqef.kdk dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dk iz;ksx] dk;kZy; esa Lokxr ds dk;Z dk O;kogkfjd KkuA

213

iz;ksxkRed
kRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu&
1 okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk&200 vad
d pkj cM+s iz;ksx 20+20+20+20 cM+s iz;ksxksa dh lwph ls nks&nksA
[k pkj NksVs iz;ksx 10+10+10+10 NksVs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ls nks&nksA
x ekSf[kd 40 vad iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ijA
?k izSfDVdy uksV&cqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa dk ladyu 40 vadA
2 vkUrfjd ijh{kk&200 vad
d l=h; dk;Z 100 vad&
l=h; dk;Ze dk foHkktu
mifLFkfr ,oa vuq'kklu
fy[kus dk dk;Z
nks o"kksZa esa 5 VsLV fy, tk;saxs
ekSf[kd

100 vad
10
30
30
30
;ksx -- 100 vad

[k vkS|ksfxd izfr"Bkuksa }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij 100 vadA


uksV&1 iz;ksxkRed dk;Z esa fo|kFkhZ dks iz'u&i= 1 ls 5 rd esa vafdr lHkh fo"k;ksa dk O;kogkfjd Kku nsuk gksxkA izR;sd
fo|ky; esa ;Fkk lEHko vf/kd ls vf/kd dk;kZy;ksa esa iz;ksx esa vkus okyh e'khuksa vkSj ;a=ksa dks j[kuk pkfg;s] ftlls fo|kFkhZ buds
ifjpkyu dk Kku izkIr dj ldsA fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks vk/kqfud dk;kZy;ksa esa Hkh ys tkdj dk;Zfof/k dk foLr`r Kku djk;k tkuk pkfg,A
2 iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
3 izR;sd /kkjk ds fy;s 4 ;k 5 dk;ZLFkyksa dk p;u djuk gksxk vkSj ,d dk;Z&LFky ij 4 ;k 5 Nk= gh ,d le; ij
izf'k{k.k izkIr djsaxsA
4 ,d jkstxkj tkc ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu izdkj ds dk;ksZa dk voyksdu djds Nk=ksa dks mu dk;ksZa dks djuk gS ftlls
ml jkstxkj ls lEcfU/kr ;ksX;rkvksa ,oa {kerkvksa dk fodkl rFkk vknrksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk ldsA budk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa esa vftZr
lS)kfUrd Kku ,oa iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dks dk;Z :i esa ifj.kr djuk gSA
5 dk;Z dk fujh{k.k v/;kid rFkk Lokeh ,EIyk;j }kjk fd;k tk;sxkA ijh{k.k dk;Z v/;kid@Lokeh ,EIyk;j dh
vuq'kalk ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk;sxkA ;g 200 vad dk gksxkA ok ijh{kd }kjk 'ks"k 200 vad esa ijh{k.k fd;k tk;sxkA
6 izR;sd Nk= iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dk iw.kZ ys[kk j[ksxk ftls okg~; ijh{kd ijh{k.k dk;Z djrs le; /;ku esa j[ksxkA
7 Nk=ksa dks Nk=o`fRr nsus dk izko/kku gksuk pkfg;sA
8 Nk=ksa dks dk;ZLFky ij iw.kZ le; rd jguk pkfg;s] mUgsa izfrfnu fo|ky; vkus ;k tkus dh vko';drk ugha gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa
1&dk;kZy; dk;Z fof/k&izdk'kd&;wfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku] ewY; 60-00 #0A

28 VsM&lgdkfjrk
ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk;sa
lgdkfjrk xzqi dk v/;;u djus ds i'pkr~ Nk=ksa dks fuEu izdkj ds jkstxkj izkfIr esa lgk;rk fey ldrh gS&
v osru jkstxkj&
1 lgdkjh lfefr;kas] lgk;d ds fofHkUu Lrjksa ij dk;Z dj ldrk gSA
2 izkFkfed Lrj ,oa dsUnzh; Lrj ds vf/kdkjh ds :i esa dk;Z dj ldrk gSA
3 lgdkjh vUos"kd ,oa vads{k.k ds :i esa dk;Z dj ldrk gSA

214

c Lor% jkstxkj&
1 Lor% O;olk;&mRiknu] forj.k] miHkksx ,oa foRr ds {ks= esa lgdkjh lfefr ds fuekZ.k }kjkA
2 vU; lgdkjh lfefr;kas ds fofHkUu i{kksa ij ijke'kZnkrk ds :i esaA
3 lgdkjh lfefr;kas ds izorZd ds :i esaA
mn~ns';&
1 lgdkfjrk {ks= esa dk;Z djus gsrq lgdkfjrk lEcU/kh fl)kUr] O;ogkj ,oa dk;Z fof/k dk Kku ,oa fodkl djukA
2 lgdkfjrk ds {ks= esa osru ,oa Lor% jkstxkjksa ds fy;s i;kZIr {kerk ,oa ;ksX;rk dk fodkl djukA
3 miHkksx ,oa mRiknu ,oa forj.k ds {ks= esa lgdkfjrk esa layXu O;fDr;ksa ds Kku ,oa O;fDrRo dk fodkl djukA
4 ns'k ds vkfFkZd o lkekftd fodkl esa lgdkjh vkUnksyu ds egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku ls fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks ifjfpr djkukA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds rhu iz'u&i= vkSj Hkh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&I
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&II
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=&O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
60 300
20 100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&lgdkfjrk
60
20
iape iz'u&i=&lgdkfjrk
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
200
400
okg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
Vhi
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
lS)kfUrd ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&I
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&izs"k.k] la;qDr lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA
20
2&lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&izos'k fuo`fRr] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esaA
20
3&Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&II
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&dEiuh [kkrs&va'kksa dk fuxZeu rFkk vkgj.k] cksul va'k] _.k&i=ksa dk fuxZeu ,oa 'kks/ku] dEiuh ds
20
vfUre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1958 ds vuqlkj
2&bdgjk ys[kk iz.kkyh m/kkj] ; ,oa fc; fudkyuk] ns; fcy ,oa izkIr fcyA
20
3&lgdkfjrk lfefr;ksa lEcU/kh ys[ksaA
20

215

r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kogkfjd ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu

1&dk;kZy; mie&Je] cpr] midj.kA


2&fooj.k ds ek/;e&Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] J`a[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
3&chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
lgdkfjrk

vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
20
20
20

vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&fuokZpu ,oa fuokZfpr vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk iz'kklu&izkFkfed lgdkjh lfefr;ksa esa fuokZpu dh izf;k rFkk 20
fuokZfpr O;fDr;ksa }kjk iz'kkluA
2&leL;k;sa ,oa lq>ko&nkf;Ro dh leL;k] ,dkadh ,oa la?kh; laXkBu] ,d mn~ns'kh; ,oa cgqmn~sn'kh; ls f}oxhZ; 20
leL;k;sa] foRrh; ,oa iz'kkldh;] xSj ljdkjh ;ksxnku] fofHkUu lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ds leUo; lEcU/kh leL;k]
fofHkUu leL;kvksa ls lEcfU/kr lq>ko] mRiknu fooj.k] m|ksx ,oa foRr ds vUr e/; leUo;uA
3&lgdkjh usr`Ro&usr`Ro ds vko';d xq.k] bldh leL;k;sa] lgdkfjrk] f'k{k.k] egRo] i)fr;ka] ljdkjh ,oa xSj 20
ljdkjh izf'k{k.kA
iape iz'u&i=
lgdkfjrk
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&miHkksDrk lgdkjh lfefr;ka&izk:i] izdkj] dk;Z] egRo ,oa fodkl] miHkksDrk lfefr;ka] laxBu izcU/k] 20
lnL;rk] foRr O;oLFkk ,oa ljdkjh fu;a=.k] _.k] fjiksVZ leL;k;sa ,oa lq>koA
2&vU; lgdkjh lfefr;ka&Hkou fuekZ.k lgdkjh lfefr;ka] Je lgdkjh lfefr;ka] vkS|ksfxd lgdkjh lfefr;ka] 10
nqX/k] eRL;] dqDdqV ikyu vkfnA
3&lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ds fucU/ku lEcU/kh izkys[k] lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ds foRrh; fooj.k lEcU/k izys[k] dk;Zokgd 10
iqLrdA
4&lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ds foRrh; fooj.k lEcU/kh izys[k&ykHk&gkfu [kkrk] vkfFkZd fpV~Bk] vads{k.k fjiksVZ bR;kfnA 20
izk;ksfxd
xd ikB~;e
iw.kkZad&400
U;wure vad&200
cM+s iz;ksx&
1&fn;s x;s funsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj i= rS;kj djuk] iwaN&rkN ds i=] fu[kZ dksVs'ku] vkns'k i=] lwpuk i=] lUnHkZ i=]
vkns'k i=] fo; i=] xzkgdksa dks ; gsrq izsfjr djus okys i=] rdkns ds i=] Le`fr&i=] f'kdk;rh&i=] x'rh i=] ,tsUlh
lEcU/kh&i=] cSd
a o chek lEcU/kh i=] ifjp;-i=] ljdkjh-i=] v)Z ljdkjh-i=] vkonsu&i=] lk{kkRdkj i=] fu;qfDr&i=A
2&lfpoh; dk;Z iz.kkyh dk Kku&dk;Z lwph rS;kj djuk] lHkk cqykuk] lHkk dh dk;Zokgh dk lapkyu ,oa lHkk lw{e
feuV rS;kj djukA

216

3&lgdkjh cSd
a ksa esa is&bu fLyi] ikl&cqd] jftLVj ,oa psdksa dh tkap djuk ,oa Hkouksa] ikl&cqd ds O;ogkjksa dk Kku
izkIr djuk] okmpj] dS'k&eseks] tek rFkk uke i=] [kkrk fooj.k] lkIrkfgd fjVuZ vkfn rS;kj djuk ,oa iz/kku dk;kZy; HkstukA
NksVs iz;ksx&
4&Je lap; ;a=ksa dk O;kogkfjd Kku ,oa jsMh fjduj }kjk x.kuk djukA
x iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu&
1 okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk&200 vad
d pkj cM+s iz;ksx 20+20+20+20 cM+s iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls nks&nksA
[k pkj NksVs iz;ksx 10+10+10+10 NksVs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd ls nks&nksA
x ekSf[kdh 40 vad iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ijA
?k izSfDVdy uksV&cqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa dk ladyu 40 vadA
2 vkUrfjd ijh{kd&200 vad
d l=h; dk;Z 100 vad&
l=h; dk;Z dk foHkktu
100 vad
mifLFkfr ,oa vuq'kklu
10
fyf[kr dk;Z
20
nks o"kksZa esa 5 VsLV ds vk/kkj ij
50
ekSf[kdh
20
;ksx -- 100 vad
[k vkS|ksfxd izfr"Bkuksa }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij 100 vadA
Vhi&
Vhi
1&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
2&izR;sd /kkjk ds fy;s 4 ;k 5 dk;Z&LFky dk p;u djuk gksxk vkSj ,d dk;Z&LFky ij 4 ;k 5 Nk= gh ,d le; ij
izf'k{k.k izkIr djsaxsA
3&,d jkstxkj tkc ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu izdkj ds dk;ksZa dk voyksdu djds Nk=ksa ls mu dk;ksZa dks djkuk gS ftlls mls
jkstxkj ls lEcfU/kr ;ksX;rkvksa ,oa {kerkvksa dk fodkl rFkk vknrksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk ldsA bldk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa esa vftZr
lS)kfUrd Kku ,oa iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dks dk;Z ds :i esa ifjf.kr djuk gSA
4&dk;Z dk fujh{k.k v/;kid rFkk Lokeh bEIyk;j }kjk fd;k tk;sxkA ijh{k.k dk;Z v/;kid@Lokeh bEIyk;j dh
vuq'kalk ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk;sxkA ;g 200 vad dk gksxkA ok; ijh{kd }kjk 'ks"k 200 vad esa ijh{k.k fd;k tk;sxkA
5&izR;sd Nk= iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dk iw.kZ ys[kk j[ksxk ftls ok; ijh{kd ijh{k.k dk;Z djrs le; /;ku j[ksxkA
6&Nk= dks Nk=&o`fRr nsus dk izko/kku gksuk pkfg;sA
7&Nk= dks dk;Z LFky ij iw.kZ le; rd jguk pkfg;sA mUgsa izfrfnu fo|ky; vkus ;k tkus dh vko';drk ugha gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa %&
1&lgdkfjrk&izdk'k&lkfgR; Hkou] vkxjk] ewY; 35-00 #0A

29 VsM&chek
ikB~;e d
dhh mi;ksfxrk&
chek xzqi dk v/;;u djus ds ckn Nk= fuEu izdkj ds jkstxkj izkIr dj ldrk gS&
v osru jkstxkj&
1&lgdkjh lfefr;kas] lgk;d ds fofHkUu Lrjksa ij dk;Z dj ldrk gSA
2&fodkl vf/kdkjh] losZ{kd ,oa i;Zos{kd ds :i esa dk;Z dj ldrk gSA

217

c Lor% jkstxkj&
1&chek vfHkdrkZ lykgdkj] dSfj;j ,tsUVA
2&chek izfrfuf/kA
3&losZ{k.kA
4&nkok&Hkqxrku izkfIr lykgdkjA
5&i;Zos{kd ,oa vUos"kdA
mn~ns';&
1&chek m|ksx esa dk;Z djus gsrq chek lEcU/kh fl)kUr] O;ogkj ,oa dk;Z fof/k dk Kku ,oa fodklA
2&mijksDr jkstxkjksa ds fy;s i;kZIr {kerk ,oa ;ksX;rk dk fodkl djukA
3&thou ds fofHkUu Lrjksa ij mijksDr jkstxkjksa esa layXu gksus okys O;fDr;ksa ds O;fDrRo dk fodklA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds rhu iz'u&i= vkSj Hkh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&I
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&II
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=&O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
60 300
20 100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&chek
60
20
iape iz'u&i=&chek
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
200
400
ckg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fuEu fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed
Vhi
ijh{kk esa 50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
lS)kfUrd ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&I
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&izs"k.k] la;qDr lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA
20
2&lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&izos'k fuo`fRr] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esaA
20
3&Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&II
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&dEiuh [kkrs&va'kksa dk fuxZeu rFkk vkgj.k] cksul va'k] _.k&i=ksa dks fuxZeu ,oa 'kks/ku] dEiuh ds
20
vfUre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1956 ds vuqlkj
2&chek dEifu;ksa ds [kkrs&thou chek ewY;kadu] YkkHk&gkfu [kkrk ,oa vkfFkZd fpV~BkA
20
3&lkekU; chek dEifu;ksa dk YkkHk&gkfu rFkk vkfFkZd fpV~BkA
20

218

r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu

1&dk;kZy; mie&Je] cpr] midj.kA


2&foi.ku ds ek/;e&Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] J`a[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
3&chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
chek

vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
20
20
20

vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&chek
10
1&chek i=&/kkjdks
i=&/kkjdksa dh lsok&
mez dh Lohd`fr] ukekadu ,oa vfHkgLrkadu] ifjorZu ,oa vLohd`fr ifjorZu ,oa Lohd`fr ifjorZu] _.k ysus
dh i)fr] rRlEcU/kh jftLVj j[kuk] izek.k&i= iaftdk esa ys[k] chek dh 'krksZa esa ifjorZu izhfe;e Hkqxrku
dh fof/k;ka] izhfe;e nj] chek&i= ds Hksn] chek i= esa ifjorZuA
2&nkos
20
2&nkos dk Hkqxrku&
e`R;q ij nkos dk Hkqxrku] e`R;q nkoksa ds izdkj] e`R;q dk oSdfYid izek.k] vH;FkZu ds jde dh x.kuk]
ifjiDork ij Hkqxrku nkoksa dk iathdj.k] NVuh lEcU/kh izi=ksa dk Kku] dqy nkoksa dh jkf'k fu/kkZj.k o
tkap] _.k dh okilh] 'kq) nkoksa dh jkf'k dk fu/kkZj.kA
3&[kkrs
10
3&[kkrs j[kuk&
iqLrdky; ,oa [kkrksa dk izkjfEHkd Kku] eSuqvy] fofHkUu lkaf[;dh; i)fr;ksa dk Kku] deh'ku] osru] nkos
dk Hkqxrku] lEcfU/kr yEcs izhfe;e o C;kt lEcU/kh ys[ksA thou chek fuxe] eSuqvy dk Kku] lkekU; chek
ds fofHkUu eSuqvy dk KkuA 'kk[kk dk;kZy; ,oa foHkkxh; dk;kZy; esa j[ks tkus okys [kkrksa dk KkuA
4&chek
10
4&chek i= ds izdkj&
thou chek i= ds Hksn] chek&i=] dqN izeq[k thou chek i= ,oa okf"kZd chek&i= ds izeq[k LoHkkoksa dk Kku]
lkekU; chek&i= ds Hksn] vfXu chek] lkewfgd chek i=] O;kid chek i=] pksjh chek] nq?kZVuk chek] Qly chek]
eksVj chek] i'kq chekA
5&Hkkjr
10
5&Hkkjr esa chek mn~xe ,oa fodkl&
thou chek] jk"Vhdj.k] mn~ns';] miyfC/k] iquxZBu] lkekU; chek jk"Vhdj.k] orZeku fLFkfr] Hkkoh lEHkkouk;saA
iape iz'u&i=
chek
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&chek fo; fof/k&
10
chek i= ds fu;ksftr [kkst] ekuoh; vko'drkvksa dk fo'ys"k.k] chek i=ksa dk oxhZdj.k ,oa igaaqp] lk{kkRdkj
ds e vkSj lekiuA
2&rdZ
10
2&rdZ ,oa vk{ksiksa dk mRrj&
eq[; rdZ] dk;Z rdZ] fofu;ksx rdZ] jkstxkj rdZ] vk{ksiksa ds Lrj] vk{ksi nwj djus ds rjhds] vk{ksiksa ds izdkj
,oa mRrj] fofHkUu chek i=ksa dk Kku vkSj xzkgdksa dh vko';drkuqlkj muds [kjhnus dk lq>koA

219

3&u;s
3&u;s O;kikj dk vfHk;kstu&
izLrko&izi= rS;kj djuk&izLrko i= dh tkap] izLrko&izi= dk iath;u] tksf[ke dk pquko] tksf[ke lwpuk ds
lzksr] tksf[ke dk oxhZdj.k ,oa fof/k] fpfdRlk lEcU/kh e ,oa izi=ksa dk Kku] izhfe;e ,oa izLrko izi=ksa dk 'kk[kk
dk;kZy; Hkstuk] Lohd`r djukA
4&chek
4&chek i=/kkfj;ksa dh lsok&
chek i=/kkfj;ksa dh chek izi= dh jde esa foLrkj] chek i= izhfe;e esa ifjorZu] _.k leiZ.k ewY; ukekadu
,oa vfHkgLrkUrj.k rFkk nkok ds Hkqxrku lEcU/kh lsok;sa] uohdj.k fof/k;ksa dk Kku] chek tCrh] chek tCrh dh gkfu;ka
jksdus ds mik;A
5&vfHkdrkZ
5&vfHkdrkZ izcU/k&
vk;dj fu;eksa dk Kku ,oa lEink dj] fofHkUu vf/kdkfj;ksa ls lEidZ LFkkfir djukA
xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa chek dk fodkl&chek fodkl dh lEHkkouk;sa] xzkeh.k lkekftd ,oa vkfFkZd Kku] fofHkUu izdkj
dh chek i=] tSls&turk O;fDrxr nq?kZVuk chek] i'kq ,oa Qly chek i=] pksjh ,oa ywV&ikV] thou chek i= dk KkuA
6&los
6&losZ{k.k ,oa nkos dk Hkqxrku&
{kfr dk ewY;kadu ,oa oxhZdj.k] Hkqxrku ds rjhds] dqy chek jkf'k dk fu/kkZj.k] g`kl dk fu/kkZj.k] cktkj ewY;
dk fu/kkZj.k ,oa 'k=q gkfu dk fu/kkZj.kA gkfu ds dkj.kksa dk irk yxkuk] rRlEcU/kh vf/kfu;eksa o fu;eksa dk KkuA
iz;ksxkRed

10

10

10

10

iw.kkZad&400
U;wure vad&200
cM+s iz;ksx&
1&iwaN&rkN ds i=] fu[kZ dksVs'ku] vkns'k i=] lwpuk i=] lUnHkZ i=] vkns'k i=] fo; i=] xzkgdksa dks ; gsrq izfs "kr
djus okys i=] rdkns ds i=] Le`fr&i=] f'kdk;rh&i=] x'rh i=] ,tsUlh lEcU/kh&i=] cSad o chek lEcU/kh i=] ifjp; i=] v)Z
ljdkjh i=] flQkj'kh i=] ukSdjh gsrq vkonsu&i=] lk{kkRdkj i=] fu;qfDr&i=A
2&izhfe;e fu/kkZj.k djuk] izhfe;e izkIr djuk] jlhn fuxZeu djuk] jftLVj esa ys[kk djuk] psdksa dks cSadksa esa tek
djuk] cSad lEcU/kh fooj.k rS;kj djukA
lwph d
1&ys[kk ,oa [kkrk j[kuk&
osru jftLVj j[kuk ,oa ys[kk Hkjuk] deh'ku lEcU/kh jftLVj ,oa ys[kk lsok lEcU/kh ,oa xksiuh; vfHkys[kksa dks j[kuk
fofHkUu izdkj ds ckmpj ,oa mldk ys[kk djukA
lwph [k
1&vfHkdrkZvksa ds lkFk {ks= esa tkdj O;kogkfjd Kku izkIr djukA
2&lk{kkRdkj] yxwpk] vk{ksiksa dk mRrj fofHkUu rkfydkvksa ds izhfe;e crkuk] ,tsUV }kjk chek /kkfj;ksa dh lsok,aA
x iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu
1 okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk&200 vad
d pkj cM+s iz;ksx 20+20+20+20 cM+s iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls nks&nksA
[k pkj NksVs iz;ksx 10+10+10+10 NksVs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd ls nks&nksA
x ekSf[kd 40 vad iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ijA
?k izSfDVdy uksV&cqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa dk ladyu 40 vadA
2 vkUrfjd ijh{kk&200 vad
d l=h; dk;Z 100 vad&

220

l=h; dk;Ze dk foHkktu&


vad
mifLFkfr ,oa vuq'kklu
fyf[kr dk;Z
nks o"kksZa esa 5 VsLV fy;s tk;sxa s
ekSf[kdh

10
20
50
20
;ksx -- 100 vad

[k vkS|ksfxd izfr"Bkuksa }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij 100 vadA


Vhi&
Vhi
1&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
2&izR;sd /kkjk ds fy;s 4 ;k 5 dk;Z&LFky dk p;u djuk gksxk vkSj ,d dk;Z&LFky ij 4 ;k 5 Nk= gh ,d le; ij
izf'k{k.k izkIr djsaxsA
3&,d jkstxkj tkc ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu izdkj ds dk;ksZa dk voyksdu djds Nk=ksa dks mu dk;ksZa dks djkuk gS ftlls
ml jkstxkj ls lEcfU/kr ;ksX;rkvksa ,oa {kerkvksa dk fodkl rFkk vknrksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk ldsA bldk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa esa vftZr
lS)kfUrd Kku ,oa iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dks dk;Z ds :i esa ifjf.kr djuk gSA
4&dk;Z dk fujh{k.k v/;kid rFkk Lokeh bEIyk;j }kjk fd;k tk;sxkA ijh{k.k dk;Z v/;kid@Lokeh bEIyk;j dh
vuq'kalk ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk;sxkA ;g 200 vad dk gksxkA okg`; ijh{kd }kjk 'ks"k 200 vad esa ijh{k.k fd;k tk;sxkA
5&izR;sd Nk= iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dk iw.kZ ys[kk j[ksxk ftls okg`; ijh{kd ijh{k.k dk;Z djrs le; /;ku j[ksxkA
6&Nk= dks Nk=&o`fRr nsus dk izko/kku gksuk pkfg;sA
7&Nk= dks dk;Z LFky ij iw.kZ le; rd jguk pkfg;sA mUgsa izfrfnu fo|ky; vkus ;k tkus dh vko';drk ugha gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa %&
1&chek izdk'ku&izdk'kd&;wfuolZy cqd lsyj] y[ku ewY; 16-50 #0A

30 VsM&Vad.k fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth


ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk;sa&
bl ikB~;e dk v/;;u djus okys Nk= fuEu jkstxkj izkIr dj ldrs gSaA Vadd VkbfiLV Vadd ,oa fyfid
VkbfiLV&de&dydZ yksoj fMohtu DydZ] vij fMohtu DydZ] fyfid DydZ ,oa Lo&jkstxkj Vad.k laLFkk Vkbfiax bULVhV~;Vw ]
dk;Z Vad.k tkac Vkbfiax] va'k dkyhu Vad.k ikVZ Vkbe VkbfiLV vkfnA
mn~ns';&
1 Nk=ksa dks vk/kqfud ;qx esa Vad.k ds egRo] fodkl vkSj izHkkoksa dk Kku djkukA
2 Nk=ksa dks Vad.k&cSBu Vkbfiax iksLpj] Vad.k&lkexzh izcU/k ,oa d{kk lekfIr fof/k] Li'kZ ,oa ;qxd`fr xfr x.kuk dk
vocks/ku djkukA
3 Nk=ksa esa fuEu {kerkvksa dk fodkl djukA
;kaf=d fu;a=.k eSU;qiqysfVo dUVksy dkxt dks e'khu esa yxkuk o e'khu ls fudkyuk] 'kCn] okD;ka'k] okD; ,oa vuqPNsn
Vad.k] vad ,oa ladsr Vad.k] e/; Vad.k lkQMfV yEcor~ ,oa {kSfrftd&xf.krkRed ,oa vuqekfur e/; Vad.k eSFkesfVdy ,oa
ttesUV IyslesUV i=ksa dk fofo/k :iksa esa Vad.k] tSls CykDM LVkby] lseh CykDM LVkby] uksek] flEIyksQkbM ysa gd ,oa fefJr
iadP;w,s'ku ds lkFk] lkaf[;dh Vad.k vkfFkZd O;kolkf;d ,oa ykxr fooj.k] izwQ jhfMax ,oa =qfV lq/kkj] ljdkjh] v)Z ljdkjh ,oa
xSj ljdkjh O;kolkf;d vkfn laLFkkvksa esa iz;qDr gksus okys fofHkUu i=] izi= izk:i ,oa eqfnzr QkeksZa ij Vad.k ,oa fopkj Vad.k
dEiksftax ,M nh Vkbi jkbVj vFkkZr~ Vad.k ;a= ds ys[ku ;a= ds :i esa iz;ksx] Hkwjs Qksrs ls Vad.k Vkbfiax Qzke jsdtsMVsi Vad.k
e'khu dks lqj{kk ,oa ns[k&Hkky] e'khu dh lQkbZ djuk vkSj mlesa rsy Mkyuk] Qhrk cnyuk psftax nh fjcu] y?kq ejEer dk;Z
ekbuj fjis;j odZA

221

4 Nk=ksa esa vaxzsth Vad.k dh 40 'kCn izfr feuV vkSj fgUnh dh 30 'kCn izfr feuV xfr ds fodkl djukA
5 Nk=ksa eas O;fDrxr ,oa dk;Z vknrksa ilZuy ,s.M odZ gSfcV~l tSls&O;fDrxr fn[kkoV ilZuy ,ih;jsUlA lQkbZ
'kq)rk] 'kh?kzrk] fu;ferrk] drZO; ijk;.k;rk ,oa fu"Bk] le; ikcUnh] LosPNk dh Hkkouk vkfn dk fodkl djuk] vkns'kksa@funs'Z kksa dk
ikyuA
6 Nk=ksa dks rqjUr jkstxkj ds fy;s rS;kj djukA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa ikap&ikap ?kUVs ds rhu iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu ,oa le; fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&I
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&II
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=&O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
60 300
20 100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&chek& Vad.k fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth
60
20
iape iz'u&i=&chek& Vad.k fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
200
400
ckg~; ijh{kk
200
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa
Vhi
50 izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
lS)kfUrd ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&I
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&izs"k.k] la;qDr lkgl [kkrs] pkyw fglkc vkSj vkSlr Hkqxrku fof/kA
20
2&lk>snkjh QeZ ds [kkrs&izos'k fuo`fRr] e`R;q rFkk lk>snkjh lekiu dh n'kk esAa
20
3&Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk i)fr ds lS)kfUrd v/;;u vkSj cfg;ksa dk iz;ksxA
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk rFkk ys[kk'kkL=&II
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&dEiuh [kkrs&va'kksa dk fuxZeu rFkk vkgj.k] cksul va'k] _.k&i=ksa dks fuxZeu ,oa 'kks/ku] dEiuh ds
vfUre [kkrs dEiuh vf/kfu;e] 1956 ds vuqlkj
40
2&bdgjk ys[kk iz.kkyh m/kkj] ; ,oa fo; fudkyuk] ns; fcy ,oa izkIr fcyA
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy; laxBu
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
1&dk;kZy; mie&Je] cpr] midj.kA
20
2&foi.ku ds ek/;e&Fkksd O;kikj] QqVdj O;kikj] J`a[kyk nqdkusa] foHkkxh; Hk.Mkj] Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
20
3&chtd ns'kh rFkk fons'kh rFkk fch fooj.k rS;kj djukA
20

222

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
Vad.k fgUnh rFkk vaxzsth
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
bdkbZ&1&
1&

15
LVsfUly dkVuk&fjcu dks gVkuk vFkok fjacu lsV esa ifjorZu djuk] fo"k;oLrq dh Bhd :i ls O;ofLFkr

djuk] izwQ jhfMax ,oa la'kks/ku nzO; }kjk lq/kkj] fofHkUu izdkj ds midj.kksa dk iz;ksx tSls&LVkbYl isu] Ldsy] LysV
,oa gLrk{kj IysVA
bdkbZ
bdkbZ&2&
2&

15
eqfnzr izk:iksa dks Vad.k tSls chtd] fcy] fu[kZ] Vs.Mj] rkj vkfnA
Vkbi e'khu ij lkspdj Vkbi djuk] Vsi fd;s gq;s fo"k; ls Vkbi djukA

bdkbZ&3&
3&

15
Vkbi fd;s gq;s izi= dh xfr x.kuk] xfr izfr;ksfxrk ,oa Nk=ksa dks Hkkjrh; ,oa fo'o Vad.k ds fjdkMZ dk Kku

djkukA
bdkbZ&4&
4&

15
Vadd ds O;fDrxr dk;Z ,oa vknrsa] O;fDrxr xq.k&LosPNk] 'kh?kzrk ,oa vkns'kksa dk ikyuA
uksV&bl
& iz'u&i= esa dsoy lS)kfUrd fyf[kr iz'u iwNs tk;a D;ksafd Vkbi e'khu dk iz;ksx iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa djk;k

tkrk gSA
iape iz'u&i=
Vad.k
d.k fgUnh ,oa vaxzsth
vf/kdre vad&60
U;wure vad&20
Unit 1--(a) Typing on printed for like invoices, bills quotations tenders indexcards telegrams etc.

20

(b) Composing at the typewriter (using type writing as a writing tools), drafting the subject matter
at type writer directly.
Typing from recorded tapes.
Unit 2--(a) Producting Typing. Typing of simple and confuse manuscript.

20

Typing of orders circulars notice memoranda notes, advertisements interview letters appointment
letter etc. Typing of bibliography.
Type on graph papers.
(c) Care and maintenances of typewriter, oiling and cleaning of the machine change of ribbon,
minor repair work.
Unit 3--(a) Calculation of speed straight copy typing (GWAM, CWAMJ and NWAM and
production typing G-PRAM and N-PRAM) and MWAM.
speed competition, Indian and word records in typing.
(b) personal habits and work habits, Personal appearance, willingness, promptness, initiative,
Trust worthingess, Punctuality etc.
Following instructions/directions.

20

223

iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
fgUnh Vad.k
iw.kkZad&400
U;wure vad&200
1&dfBu 'kCnksa] eqgkojksa] okD;ksa ,oa dFkka'kks dh Vad.kA
2&la[;kvksa ,oa fpUgksa tks dh&cksMZ Key-Board esa u gks] dk Vad.kA
3&fofHkUu vkdkj ds dkxtksa@i= 'kh"kZdksa ij fHkUu&fHkUu <axksa ds NksVs ,oa cM+s i=ksa dk Vad.kA
4&iksLVdkMksZa vUrnsZ'kh;&i=ksa ,oa fofHkUu izdkj ds fyQkQksa ij irksa dk Vad.kA
5&cgqla[;d dkyeksa ds lkFk lkjf.k;ksa dk Vad.kA
6&vkeU=.k&i=ksa] ehuw dkMksZa] dk;Zeksa vkfn dk Vad.kA
7&pkV~Zl] xzkQ isilZ vkfn ij Vad.kA
8&izwQ jhfMax ,oa v'kqf);ksa dk lq/kkjA
9&laLFkkuksa ,oa laxBuksa esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys izi=ksa tSl&s foi=] chtd] Vsyhxzke QkElZ] /kukns'k QkeZ] izkfIr Lohd`fr
dkMZ] psd bR;kfn ij Vad.kA
10&foHkwf"kr ik.Mqfyfi;ksa ds Vad.kA
11&LVsfUly dkVukA
12&Vkbi e'khu ij izfrosnuksa] lw{eksa bR;kfn dk dEikst djukA
13&fjcu dks cnyukA
14&Vkbi e'khu dh lQkbZ ,oa rsy nsukA
15&NksVs&NksVs ejEer dk;Z djukA
Practicals
ENGLISH TYPEWRITING
1--Proof reading and corrections of errors.
2--Typing on forms used in institutions and organisations like bills, invoices, telegram form.
(a) M.O., acknowledgement cards, cheque etc.
3--Typing from confused manuscript.
4--Cutting the stencil.
5--Composing reports, minutes, etc. at the typewriters.
6--Changing of ribbon.
7--Oiling and cleaning the machine.
8--Minor repair work.

iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq vad foHkktu


1-

okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ijh{kk


lwph ^d* ls
lwph ^[k* ls
lwph ^x* ls
ekSf[kd ,oa fjdkMZ

200
40
60
60
40

vad
vad
vad
vad
vad

224

2- vkUrfjd ijh{kd
d l=h; dk;Z
100 vad
l=h; dk;Z dk foHkktu mifLFkfr ,oa vuq'kklu
10 vad
fyf[kr dk;Z
20 vad
nks o"kksZa esa 5 VsLV ds vk/kkj ij
50 vad
ekSf[kdh
20 vad
[k vkS|ksfxd laLFkkuksa vFkok dk;kZy;ksa }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij 100 vadA
Vhi&
Vhi
1&iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mRrh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
2&izR;sd /kkjk ds fy;s 4 ;k 5 dk;Z&LFky dk p;u djuk gksxk vkSj ,d dk;Z&LFky ij 4 ;k 5 Nk= gh ,d le; ij
izf'k{k.k izkIr djsaxsA
3&,d jkstxkj tkc ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu izdkj ds dk;ksZa dk voyksdu djds Nk=ksa ls mu dk;ksZa dks djkuk gS ftlls mls
jkstxkj ls lEcfU/kr ;ksX;rkvksa ,oa {kerkvksa dk fodkl rFkk vknrksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tk ldsA bldk mn~ns'; Nk=ksa esa vftZr
lS)kfUrd Kku ,oa iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dks dk;Z ds :i esa ifjf.kr djuk gSA
4&dk;Z dk fujh{k.k v/;kid rFkk Lokeh bEIyk;j }kjk fd;k tk;sxkA ijh{k.k dk;Z v/;kid@Lokeh bEIyk;j dh
vuq'kalk ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tk;sxkA ;g 200 vad dk gksxkA okg~; ijh{kd }kjk 'ks"k 200 vad esa ijh{k.k fd;k tk;sxkA
5&izR;sd Nk= iz;ksxkRed dk;ksZa dk iw.kZ ys[kk j[ksxk ftls okg~; ijh{kd ijh{k.k dk;Z djrs le; /;ku esa j[ksxkA
6&Nk=ksa dks Nk=&o`fRr nsus dk izko/kku gksuk pkfg;sA
7&Nk=ksa dks dk;ZLFky ij iw.kZ le; rd jguk pkfg;sA mUgsa izfrfnu fo|ky; vkus ;k tkus dh vko';drk ugha gSA
laLrqr iqLrdsa %&
ekad
iqLrd dk uke
ys[kd dk uke
izdk'kd dk uke ,oa irk
ewY;
laLdj.k
1
2
3
4
5
6
1- vuqie Vkbfiax ekLVj
Jherh m"kk xqIrk vuqie izdk'kd] f'kodqVh] bykgkckn
6-00
1989
2- fgUnh Vkbfiax jkbfVax
]]
fo".kq vkVZ izsl] bykgkckn
12-00
1987
3- fgUnh Vkbfiax jkbfVax]
]]
lqij ifCy'klZ] y[ku
12-00
1987
O;kogkfjd ,oa fl)kUr
4- O;kogkfjd Vad.k
]]
midkj izdk'kd] vkxjk
15-00
1987
5- lqij
Vkbfiax
ekLVj
]]
lqij ifCy'klZ] y[ku
6-00
1988
vaxzsth

31 VsM&d`f=e vax vo;o rduhd


bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?kUVs ds pkj iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
d lS)kfUrd&
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
izFke iz'u&i=
75
25
f}rh; iz'u&i=
75
25
300
100
r`rh; iz'u&i=
75
25
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
75
25

225

[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
okg~; ijh{kk

200
200

400

200

Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkZad 25 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
Vhi
izfr'kr mRrh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
ikB~;e dh :i js[kk
iz'u&i= izFke&ekuo 'kjhj ,oa vfLFk'kY; vkFkksZiSfMd
Md
d ekuo 'kkjhfjdh
[k 'kjhj f;k foKku
x ekuo jksx foKku
?k vfLFk 'kY; vkFkksZifS Md
fQftdy esfMflu ,oa iquokZl
iz'u&i= f}rh;&dk;Z'kkyk odZ'kki
d lkexzh] vkStkj ,oa midj.k dk;Z'kkyk rduhd
[k vIykbM eSdsfuDl ,oa LVsX; vkQ eVsfj;y
x dk;Z'kkyk iz'kklu ,oa izcU/k
r`rh; iz'u&i=&vkFkksZfVd
d vkFkksZfVd yksoj
[k vkFkksZfVd vij
x vkFkksZfVd Likbu
?k dkbuksfl;kyksth ,oa ck;kseSdsfuDl
prqFkZ iz'u&i=&izksLFkksfVd
d izksLFkksfVd ijh
[k izksLFkksfVd fupyk
x ,EI;wVs'ku ltZjh ,oa izksLFkhlsl
izFke iz'u&i=
ekuo 'kjhj ,oa vfLFk 'kY;
1
25
1 ekuo jksx foKku&
1&jksx foKku dk ifjp;] lkekU; jksx foKkuA
2&miyses'ku ds fpUg ,oa y{k.k flLVe] bUQses'ku ds izdkj] ,D;wV vkSj dzksfudA
3&lae.k oSDVhfj;k vkSj okbjlst bE;sfuVh] izdkj oxhZdj.k] lae.k ij fu;a=.k] lae.k ds izHkko ,oa mlds
mipkj o jksd&Fkke] ,ehfIll] LVkjykbts'kk] ik;kstSfud lae.k] QksM+s] tksM+ o gM~Mh dh Vh0ch0 vkSj izcU/k baxy
bUQsD'ku oSDVhfj;ksek bdksfll vkSj Qkbysfj;ksfll lae.k] dks<+ okbjl dk lae.k] iksfy;ksek bykfll izHkkoA
4&?kko] ?kko Hkjus ds izdkj vkSj gM~Mh ls lEcfU/kr V~;welZA
5&ifjlapj.k vO;oLFkk Fkkseokfll bEcsflTe Fkkse[kh butkbfVl vkifyVjsUl] vFkkZl&flfyVksfll gkbijVsa'kuA
6&eSxkbu ds izdkj] dkj.k] fpUg] y{k.k vkSj izcU/k mik;p;kZ esVkcksfyd] csjh&csjh] e/kqesg jksx] lw[kk jksx]
gkoj vkSj gkbiks iSjk FkkbjksvkfMTe] vklfVvksa iSjkf;lA
7&tksM+ksa ds bEQyses'ku] vkjFkkjkbfVl] oxhZdj.k vkSj iSFkksyksthA

226

2
2 vfLFk'kY; vFkksiZ sfMd&
1& vFkksZisfMd dk ifjp; ,oa fl)kUrA
2&dUtkfuaVy fod`fr;kaA
3&rfU=dk ra= ds jksxA
4&iksfy;ksa feykbfVlA
5&izksCLVsfMy vkSj LisfLVd iSjkA
6&gSch Iyhft;k ,oa iSjk fiyksft;kA
7&ik;kstsfud bUQsD'ku] {k; jksx] dks<+ lae.kA
8&ksfed vkSj jksehyk;M vFkZjkbfVlA
9&vklVsj vkSj U;wjkSiSfFkd vkjFkjkbfVlA
10&lw[kk jksx RicketsA
11&gM~Mh dk V~;wejA
12&Vkmek ijh ,oa fupys vaxksa dk VwVuk ,oa mldk izcU/k eSustesUVA
13&LIikbu dk VwVuk ,oa fMlyksds'kuA
3
3 fQftdy eSfMlu ,oa jhgSohfy,'ku&
1&fQftdy eSfMflu ,oa jhgSohfy,'ku dk ifjp;A
2&ekal isf'k;ksa dk pkVZ cukukA
3&,ysDVksfFkjsihA
4&gkbMks&fFkjsihA
5&,E;wVht ds izcU/k esa mij fy[ks izdj.kksa dk iz;ksxA
6&U;wjksa eslcqyj jksx] muds izdkj ,oa izcU/kA
7&tksM+ksa ds nnZ vkFkZjkbfVl muds izdkj ,oa izcU/kA
8&cSlk[kh ,oa mudk iz;ksx] pky ds fofHkUu izdkjA
9&LVhEi oh0 ds0@,0ds0] ?kqVus] dqgfu;ka] gkFk dykbZ o V[kus dh oSUMsfteA
10&xkVZVsfMax vkFkksZfll ,oa izksFkksfll yxk;s gq, ejhtksa ds fo'ys"k.kA
11&iz;ksx esa vkus okys midj.kksa dk mi;ksxA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
dk;Z'kkyk odZ'kki
1&O;ogkfjd
1&O;ogkfjd ;kaf=dh Applied mechanics and strength of materials rFkk inkFkksZa dh lkeF;Z&
1&ljy izfrcy rFkk fod`fr flEiy LVsIl ,.M LVsu] ljy izfrcy ,oa fod`fr dh ifjHkk"kk,a&
izR;kLFkrk xq.kkad Modnlous of Elasticity vuqn/;Z Longitudins ik'ohZ; fod`fr izfrcy] fod`fr
o] fod`fr rFkk Hkkj Stress strain-cirve formula relating no load and strains ls lEcfU/kr lw=A
2&T;kferh; y{; Geometrical Properties&
Bksl dh ?kw.kZu f=T;k Relating Radius rFkk tM+Ro vk?kw.kZ Moment of inertia dh ifjHkk"kk,a] iVyksa
ds dsUnzd Centre rFkk tM+Ro vk?kw.kZ dh ifjHkk"kk,a] fu;fer iVyksa tSls vk;r Rectangular f=Hkqt Triangular
rFkk o`Rr Circle ds lw=ksa dk ljy dFku] lekUrj Paralled rFkk vfHkyEc v{kksa Vertical Axis ds fu;eA
2&vi:i.k Shear Movement&
LorU= rFkk cU/ku Banding xfr;ka] n.Mksa Bars dk oxhZdj.k] Hkkjksa Weights ds izdkj] vi:i.k
izfrcy rFkk fod`fr dh ifjHkk"kk,a] vi:i.k xq.kkad Co-efficient of Shear Force] vi:i.k cy Shear Force
rFkk cadu Bending dk lEcU/kA

25

25

12

12

227

3&ljy vadu dk fl)kUr Therory of banding Movement&


vadu izfrcy Banding Stress dh ifjHkk"kk] mnklhu vad Natural Axis] lgk;d rUrq izfrcy dk
vk/kw.kZ Moxement of assistant fivre stress] ladsfUnzr Hkj Co-centered weight] eqDr SUVhyhoj ,oa ljy
vk/kkfjr n.Mksa ij ljy iz'u simple problems of cantiliver and simple supported becams
4&ejksM+ vFkok ,saBu Tension and Twist&
ejksM+ dh ifjHkk"kk] ,saBu ds dks.k Angle of Twist] /kzqoh; tM+Ro vk/kw.kZ Tolar moment of inertis]
Bkslksa ,oa NM+ksa esa ejksM+ ds laizs"k.k Simple problems to determined Ironsmission in solids, bars only Kkr
djus ls lEcfU/kr leL;k;saA
5&fLizax Spring&
fLaixz ksa ds fofHkUu izdkj] izksLFksfVd rFkk vkFkksZfVDl esa fLaizxksa dk iz;ksx rFkk leL;k;saA
6&fjcsV fd;s x;s tksM+ Rivetted Junction&
fjcsV fd;s x;s tksM+ksa ds izdkj] tksM+ dh lkeFkZ Strength of joints] gksfoax dk lw= Howin's formula
lkekU; leL;k;saA
7&?k"kZ.k Friction&
?k"kZ.k ds fl)kUr] LFksfVd rFkk xfrt ?k"kZ.k ds xq.kkad Static and dynamic co-efficient rFkk lkekU;
iz'uA
8&vkjs[kh; LFkfrdh
LFkfrdh Graphic Station&
osDVj Vector tks fd vadu iz.kkyh Bow's Notation] lekUrj cyksa gsrq jTtw cgqHkqt Fornicular
Polygen for parrallel forcesA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
vkFkksZfVd
1
1 vkFkksZfVd vij&
1&gkFk dh vkUrfjd f;kRed jpuk vkSj mldh fod`fr;ka] vkjFkksfVd }kjk mldk izcU/k eSustesUVA
2&f;kRed fLiyUV vkSj Hkqtkvksa dk iz;ksx djus gsrq ejht dks fdl izdkj dk izf'k{k.k nsuk pkfg,A
3&fuEufyf[kr dk estjesUV] lkefxz;ksa dk dEiksuUs V ,oa pquko&QSfczds'ku o fQfVaxA
d gkFk dh LVsfVd fLifyUV] vaxqfy;kas ds fLifyUVA
[k gkFk ds Qsuy fLifyUVA
x fdz;kRed QSD'kuy vkeZ czklstA
?k QhMlZA
fof'k"V lgk;d fof/k;ka fMokblstA
p feysfVd vkSj vU; ckgjh vkjFkksfll ds vaxA
4&QSD'kuy gkFk dh tho ifjfLFkfr dh fLifyUV vkSj vkeZ vkjFkksfllA
2
2 vkFkksZfVd Likbu&
1&VSd dh vkUrfjd jpukA
2&vkjFkksfVd fof/k dh 'kkjhfjd foKku ds vk/kkjA
3&yEcj vkSj Qksjsafld n'kk dk vkjFkksfVd mipkjA
4&ljokbdy n'kk ds vkjFkksfVd mipkjA
5&Likbuy vkjFkksfll ds lq>ko ,oa uqL[ksA
6&Ldksfyvksfll ds mipkj ,oa okg~; lgkjs dk iz;ksxA

12

09

08
07

08

07

25

25

228

7&,l0 MCY;w0 izkslsl ds iz;ksxdrkZvksa gsrq vH;klA


8&Likbuy dslst ds dEiksuUs VA
9&dkjlsVe~ A
10&ljokbdy midj.kA
11&,e0 MCY;w0 czslst] cksLVu czslstA
12&L;kbr dh tho ;kaf=d ck;ksesdsfudyA
13&vkjFkksfll ls lEcfU/kr iw.kZ lwpuk izkIr djus gsrq izdk'kdksa dk v/;;uA
3 dkbfufl;ksykth ,oa ck;ksesdsfudy&
3
1&dkbfufl;ksykth vkSj ck;ksesdsfudy dh ifjHkk"kkA
2&dkbfufl;ksykth dh mRifRr ,oa fodklA
3&dkbusfVDl ,oa dkbusesfVDl dh ifjHkk"kkA
4&ekuo 'kjhj dk xq:Rokd"kZ.k vkd"kZ.k dk dsUnzA
5&lsxesUV Hkkll vkSj vaxksa dk ?kuRoA
6&iwjs 'kjhj ds xq:Rokd"kZ.k dsUnz dk vkd"kZ.kA
7&vkd"kZ.k dsUnz dk lsxesUVA
8&ekuo xfr;ksa dh mRifRr ,oa muds egRoA
9&ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk fo'ys"k.kA
10&'kjhj ds tksM+ vkSj vaxksa dh xfrfof/kA
11&vksisu ,oa CyhTM isu flLVeA
12&Qksj ckj esdsfuTeA
13&tksM+ksa dh xfrfof/k;ksa dk ekiuA
14&Likbu dh esdsfuTeA
15&yEcj fo'kuesUVsjhA
16&yksdkses'ku v/;;uA
17&i'o Nksj ds vaxksa dh tho ;kaf=dh ck;ksesdsfuTeA
18&vxzNksj ds vaxksa dh tho ;kaf=dh ck;ksed
s sfuTeA
19&iYFkh ekus dh tho ;kaf=dh ck;ksesdsfuTeA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
izksLFkksfVd
1 izksLFksfVd fupyk&
1&,EI;wVs'ku ds ysfcy dk oxhZdj.kA
2&dsfUtukbVy LdsysVl~ fyEc dk oxhZdj.k ,oa mudh dfe;kaA
3&izksLFksfVd Dyhfud izf;k izkslhtjA
4&izksLFksfVd uqL[ksA
5&bfeft,V ,oa vyhZ izksLFksfVd izcU/kA
6&th0 ds0 ,oa ,0 ds0 izksLFksfVd dEiksusUVA
7&LVEi uki dk ijh{k.k dkLV Vsfdax ih0 vks0 ih0 lq/kkj Qsfczds'ku ,ykbuesUV ,oa fQfVaxA

25

40

229

8&izksLFksfll ds lkFk yxs gq;s ,EI;wVht dk pky fo'ys"k.kA


9&izksLFksfll dh tkapA
10&izksLFksfll dh ns[kHkky ,oa j[k&j[kkoA
11&fgi fMlvkjfVD;sys'ku vkSj lsehikfyDVkehA
12&izksLFksfll dh ck;ksed
S sfudyA
13&QyqbM fu;a=.k vkSj ekI;wyj ,oa vk/kqfud izksLFksfllA
14&oD;fVax izksLFksfll dk fodklA
15&fupys vax dh izksLFksfll ds ckjs esa iw.kZ tkudkjh izkIr djus gsrq fofHk izdk'kuksa dk v/;;uA
2 ok 'kkjhfjd vaxksa dks dkVdj vyx djus dh 'kY; fpfdRlk&
1&,EI;wVs'ku ltZjh dk ifjp; ,oa ladsrA
2&,EI;wVs'ku ds fl)kUr] izdkj ,oa rduhdA
3&cPpksa ,oa izkS<+ksa esa ,DI;wVs'ku fupyh ,oa ijh vo;oA
4&fupys vo;o esa ,EI;wVs'ku vkSj bldh fo'ks"krk;saA
5&vkijs'ku ds ckn LVEi dh ns[kHkky] vPNs LVEi dks cukukA
6&ijh{k.k ,oa lykg uqL[ksA
7&LVEi gjeksVksyksthA
8&lkekU; peZ jksx vkSj muds izcU/k LVEi] gkbthu] vk/kqfud ,EI;wVs'kuA
9&vk/kqfud ,EI;wVs'kuA
10&fupys vo;o ds ,EI;wVs'ku ds fy;s vkijs'ku ds ckn izksLFksfll rqjUr HkjukA

35

32 VsM&bEczkbMjh
mn~ns';&
1&fofHk izdkj dh ;U= dykvksa esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys midj.kksa] lkt&lkekuksa ,oa lgk;d lkexzh dks pquus esAa
2&lkt&lkeku ds j[k&j[kko ,oa mi;ksx ls lEcfU/kr dkS'ky ds fodkl esaA
3&miyC/k lzksrksa ds vf/kdkf/kd iz;ksx dks lqfuf'pr djus esaA
4&gLr d<+kbZ ds fy;s dYiukRed lkSUn;Z ds Kku dk fodkl djus esaA
5&cktkj dh uohure izo`fk ds lkFk lEcU/k LFkkfir djus esAa
6&;kstuk ds fuekZ.k] lapkyu] funsZ'k vkSj j[k&j[kko esa vkRe fuHkZjrkA
7&fu;kstu <ax ls dk;Z dks foLFkkiu djus esaA
8&c.My ds cka/kus dh fofHk fof/k;ksa dk pquko djukA
9&ikjLifjd m|ksxksa ds fodkl dks le>uk vkSj mls vkRelkr djukA
10&miyC/k lk/kuksa vkSj ;U= dykvksa ls ewy fMtkbu dh jpuk djukA
11&vko';d lwpuk nsus ds fy;s lk/kkj.k lapkj lk/kuksa dh rduhd dk iz;ksx djukA
jkstxkj ds volj&
1&Lojkstxkj ,oa etnwjh jkstxkj&
fuEufyf[kr O;olk; Lojkstxkj dh Js.kh esa vkrsa gSa vFkkZr~ ikB~;e dks iwjk djus ds ckn viuh bdkb;ka yxk
ldrs gSa] etnwjh jkstxkj vFkkZr~ nwljksa ds fy;s jkstxkj miyC/k djk ldrs gSa&
1 d<+kbZ djus okykA
2 d<+kbZ ds fy;s fMtkbu cukus okykA
3 vfHk#fp d{kk;sa pykuk (Hobby Classes)A

230

2&dsoy etnwjh jkstxkj (Wage Employment)&


1 laxzgky; lgk;d VsDlVkby vuqHkkx ;k d<+kbZ vuqHkkxA
2 funsZ'k dk;kZuqHko ds fy;s@Ldwyksa esa gS.M bEczkbMjhA
bl ikB~;e dh lQyrk gsrq ,d f'k{kd@izf'k{k.k dh vko';drk gks ldrh gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
iw.kkZad
mkh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
ok ijh{kk
200
Vhi&
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50 izfr'kr
mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i=

VsDlVkby ,oa fMtkbu


fMtkbu
bu
1&jax dk izHkko] jksM] fVUV] Vksu jax dh oSY;w] xeZ ,oa BaMs jaxA
2&Hkkjrh; fMtkbu dh mRifk ,oa izkjfEHkd fMtkbu dk v/;;uA
3&fpdu ,oa vU; d<+kbZ esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys fMtkbuksa ls voxr djkukA
4&vU; d<+kbZ dh fMtkbu ,oa fpdu odZ dh fHkrk dk v/;;uA
5&yksd dyk o vfknoklh yksd dykvksa dk ifjp; ,oa KkuA
6&d<+kbZ ds fMtkbuksa dh fo'ks"krk ,oa egRoA
7&fofHk izdkj ds oL= ,oa mu ij dh tkus okyh vk/kqfud d<+kb;kaA
f}rh; iz'u&i=

8
8
8
8
10
10
8

bEczkbMjh
bMjh
1&d'ehj dk dlhnk&uenk dk fMtkbu] oL= jax ;kstukA
2&d'ehj dk tk;snkj fMtkbu] jax ;kstuk] oL= fLVpA
3&iSpodZ d<+kbZ ds izdkj] rduhdh fo'ks"krkA
4&T;kferh; fMtkbu] fLVp] jax ;kstuk] fo"k;oLrq] oL=A
5&d<+kbZ ds fLVp ,oa mudk oL= ij iz;ksxA
6&Hkkjrh; yksd dyk vkSj bl ij vk/kkfjr fMtkbuksa dk v/;;uA

6
8
6
6
8
8

231

7&fpdu }kjk cuk;s x;s oL=ksa dk v/;;uA


8&d<+kbZ djus ls igys dh rS;kjh ,oa lko/kkuhA
9&d<+kbZ djus ds ckn oL= dh /kqykbZ ,oa ns[kHkky dk KkuA
r`rh; iz'u&i=

8
4
6

gS.M bEczkbMjh o fpdu odZ


1&fpdu d<+kbZ dh izeq[k dlhnkdkjhA
2&fpdu d<+kbZ ds fy;s midj.k dk Kku ,oa mldh ejEer rFkk lko/kkfu;kaA
3&fpdu d<+kbZ esa iz;ksx gksus okys lkefxz;ksa dk foLr`r v/;;uA
4&fpdu d<+kbZ ds dlhnkdkjksa dh vkfFkZd ,oa O;kolkf;d fLFkfr dk KkuA
5&fpdu d<+kbZ ds izeq[k rduhd dk foLr`r v/;;uA
6&rS;kj oL= dh fQfuf'kax izf;k dk v/;;uA
7&rS;kj oL= dk ewY; fu/kkZfjr djukA
8&fpdu d<+kbZ ij vU; fMtkbuksa dk izHkko ,oa ifjorZu'khyrkA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=

8
6
6
6
8
8
10
8

,Mokal fMtkbu ,oa bEczkbMjh


bMjh
1&mRlo ikVhZ ds mi;qDr d<+s gq;s Lis'ky oL=ksa dk v/;;u] rduhd fMtkbu] fo'ys"k.kA
2&vkd"kZd d<+kbZ ds fy;s dkjhxj dh fo'ks"krk;saA
3&d<+kbZ ds fy,s /kkxksa dh fo'ks"krk;saA
4&d<+kbZ dk /kqykbZ esa egRo ,oa fof/kA
5&fofHk izdkj ds fLVp ,oa feys&tqys fLVp ij vk/kkfjr ,Mokal d<+kbZ fMtkbuA
6&vk/kqfud d<+kbZ ds fMtkbuksa dk fo'ys"k.k ,oa egRoA
7&iqjkus d<+s oL=ksa dk vk/kqfud QS'ku ij izHkkoA
iape iz'u&i=

10
8
6
6
10
10
10

bEczkbMjh m|ksx ,oa izcU/k


U/k
1&Lojkstxkj djus ds fy;s O;fDr dk vkUrfjd ,oa ok fodkl djukA
2&ekdsZfVax eSustesUV dk foLr`r v/;;uA
3&bEczkbMjh m|ksx esa ekdsZfVax eSuts esUV dh HkwfedkA
4&bEczkbMjh m|ksx esa mRikfnr oL= dks cktkj esa cspus esa vko';d lko/kkuh dk v/;;uA
5&d<+s gq;s oL=ksa dk ,DliksVZ djus dh fof/k;ksa dk v/;;u djukA
6&lQy bEczkbMjh m|ksx yxkus ds fy;s vko';d lq>koA
7&bEczkbMjh ds NksVs&NksVs jkstxkj dh :ijs[kk rS;kj djukA
8&izR;sd jkstxkj dk vuqekfur ctV rS;kj djukA
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&d<+kbZ ds fMtkbuksa esa jax dk izHkko fn[kkukA
2&MkV~l] ykbu ,oa T;kferh; vkdkjksa ij vk/kkfjr fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k djukA
3&fofHk izdkj ds fMtkbu dk voyksdu djukA

6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8

232

4&Ldsp djuk] Qwy ifRr;ka] isM]+ edku] izkd`frd n`';] i'kq&i{kh vkfn dh Mkbax vH;kl djukA
5&lHkh Mkbax ls d<+kbZ ls fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k djukA
6&yksd dyk ij vk/kkfjr fMtkbuksa dk fuekZ.k djukA
7&fMtkbuksa ds ij ,yce dk fuekZ.k djukA
8&fofHk izdkj ds fLVp ,oa Vkadksa dk vH;kl djukA
f}rh; iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&1 'kh'ksnkj Qqydkjh ds fy;s fMtkbu dk fuekZ.kA
2 cuh gqbZ fMtkbu dk diM+s dk iz;ksxA
2&dSuol d<+kbZ ls NksVs dSuol dk fuekZ.kA
3&uenk dh fMtkbu cukdj oL= dk iz;ksxA
4&lkekU; iSp&odZ d<+kbZA
5&eSVh ij fMtkbu o d<+kbZ dk dk;ZA
6&fofHk izdkj ds fLVp dk uewuk rS;kj djukA
7&,yhd odZ] d<+kbZ dk iz;ksxA
8&d<+kbZ }kjk cky osflax dk fuekZ.k djukA
9&la;ksftr d<+kbZ }kjk vkd"kZd oL=ksa dk fuekZ.k djukA
rr` h; iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&mYVh cf[k;k 'ksMks odZ] tkyh ds }kjk dqrsZ ;k ukbVh vkSj fpdu d<+kbZ djukA
2&lkM+h ds fy;s ikjEifjd fpdu dh d<+kbZ djuk] istyh ;k vU; fMtkbu dk iz;ksxA
3&lh/kh cf[k;k }kjk dqrsZ dh fMtkbunkj fpdu d<+kbZA
4&Vscqy eSVl~ ij fpdu d<+kbZ djukA
5&eqjhZ odZ ls ysMht dqrsZ dh fMtkbu djukA
6&lkM+h ij dkenkuh fpdu dk iz;ksxA
7&ysMht lwV ij dkenkuh fpdu dk iz;ksxA
prqFkZ iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&,Iyhd odZ dh d<+kbZ dk fMtkbu fuekZ.k djuk isij dksykt odZA
2&'kknh&fookg ds fy;s d<+kbZ dh fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dj izLrqr djukA
3&,Mokal fMtkbuksa dk laxgz djuk ,oa ml ij vk/kkfjr fMtkbuksa dk fuekZ.k djukA
4&ekMy ij d<+kbZ ds oL=ksa dks fMLIys djukA
5&d<+s gq;s diM+ksa dh izn'kZuh djukA
6&,Mokal fMtkbu dks isij dksykt }kjk fMLIys djukA
7&vk/kqfud d<+kbZ ds QS'ku fMtkbuksa dk eSxthu dfVax dysD'ku dj ,yce rS;kj djukA
8&iqjkus fMtkbu vkSj vk/kqfud d<+kbZ fMtkbu dk vUrj fMtkbuksa }kjk izLrqr djsaA
iape iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&iatkch dVs gq;s oL=ksa dh iksVZ Qksfy;ks rS;kj djukA
2&d'ehj ds izeq[k fMtkbuksa dk iksVZ Qksfy;ks rS;kj djukA
3&d'ehjh dlhnk dk iksVZ Qksfy;ks rS;kj djukA

233

4&Hkkjrh; d<+s gq;s dkjisV dh fMtkbu dk iksVZ Qksfy;ks rS;kj djukA


5&d<+s gq;s cky gaSfxax dh fMtkbu dh Qkby rS;kj djukA
6&fofHk izdkj ds dlhnk fMtkbudkjksa ls ckr djds fMtkbfuax fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
7&dlhnkdkjksa ls feydj fo'ks"k rduhd dk v/;;u djuk ,oa fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
8&d m|ksx esa ys tkdj fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks izf'kf{kr djukA
[k cukbZ x;h oLrqvksa dh fch izn'kZu vk;ksftr djukA
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs
:ijs[kk
bEczkbMjh fo"k; dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk&
vkUrfjd ewY;kadu
200 vad
ok ijh{kd ewY;kadu
200 vad
400 vad
ok ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk&
uksV&le; 10 ?kaVk nks fnuksa esa y?kq iz;ksx nks fn;s tka;] izR;sd dk le; 2+2=4 ?k.VsA nh?kZ iz;ksx ,d fn;k tk;] iz;ksx
dk le; 6 ?k.VsA
y?kq iz;ksx&
iz;ksx ua0 1
20 vad
2 ?k.Vs
iz;ksx ua0 2
20 vad
2 ?k.Vs
ekSf[kd
10 vad
&
;ksx -- 50 vad
nh?kZ iz;ksx&
iz;ksx ua0 1
130 vad
6 ?k.Vs
ekSf[kd
20 vad
&
;ksx -- 150 vad
dqy ;ksx -- 200 vad
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
nh?kZ iz;ksx&
1&d<+kbZ ds fy;s jaxhu fMtkbu fuekZ.k djuk dkxt ,oa diM+s ijA
2&MkV~l] ykbu ,oa T;kferh; vkdkjksa ij vk/kkfjr fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k djuk ,oa diM+s dk iz;ksxA
3&yksd dyk ij vk/kkfjr fMtkbu dh d<+kbZ djukA
4&ikjEifjd d<+kbZ ifj/kkuksa ij djukA
5&tjh dh d<+kbZ ds lkFk xksVs dh fMtkbu cukukA
6&lyek] flrkjk] lhi] eksrh dh d<+kbZ djukA
7&eqds'k dh d<+kbZ djukA
8&dSuol d<+kbZ ls NksVs dSuol cukukA
9&la;ksftr d<+kbZ djukA
10&mYVh cf[k;k] xS.Mks odZ tkyh ds }kjk dqrkZ ;k vU; oL= ij d<+kbZ djukA

234

11&nqiV~Vk ij ikjEifjd fpdu dh d<+kbZ djukA


12&Cykmt ij 'kh'ks dh ltkoVh d<+kbZ djukA
13&,Iyhd odZ dh d<+kbZ nqiV~Vk ;k estiks'k ij djukA
y?kq iz;ksx&
1&d<+s gq;s oL=ksa dh d<+kbZ ,oa Vkads dh igpku rFkk Vkadk cukukA
2&dyj Ldhe rS;kj djuk] dkxt vkSj diM+s ijA
3&xksVk yxkdj oL= ij fMtkbu rS;kj djukA
4&fpdu dh d<+kbZ ds fy;s oL= dks rS;kj djukA
5&fpdu dh d<+kbZ ds fy;s eqjhZ] 'kSMks odZ dh fMtkbu rS;kj djukA
6&tjhnkj fpdu dk uewuk cukuk NksVkA
7&dkenkj fpdu dk NksVk uewuk cukukA
8&QSUlh d<+kbZ ds fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dkxt ij djukA
9&QSUlh lyokj lwV dh vkd"kZd d<+kbZ dh fMtkbu dk uewuk rS;kj djuk ,oa d<+kbZ ds Vkadksa vkSj jax dks fuf'pr djukA
10&ekMy ij d<+kbZ ds oL= dks fMLIys djukA
11&rS;kj iksVZ Qksfy;ks dks fn[kykukA
uksV&ijh{kd
ikB~;e ls vU; nh?kZ ,oa y?kq iz;ksx ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ns ldrs gSaA
&
iqLrdksa dh lwph&
(1) Indian Embroidary--Phylls Ackerman.
(2) Phulkari--T. N. Mukarjee.
(3) Indian Embroidary--Victoria Albert Museum.
(4) Himanchal Embroidary--Subhashni Arya.
(5) Phulkari from Bhatinda--Baljit Singh Gill.

33 VsM&gS.M Cykd fizafVax ,oa ostsVscqy Mkbax


mn~ns';&
1&fofHk izdkj ds rUrqvksa] /kkxksa ,oa oL=ksa dh igpku ,oa mudk pquko djus ds ;ksX; cukukA
2&jaxkbZ vkSj gLr Cykd NikbZ dh fofHk rduhdksa ds fy;s fofHk izdkj ds jatdksa] jaxksa] /kkxksa ,oa diM+ksa dh igpku
djkuk rFkk mudk pquko djus esa lgk;rk iznku djukA
3&fofHk izdkj dh ;a= dykvksa esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys lkt&lTtk midj.kksa rFkk lgk;d lkexzh dk pquko djus esa
n{k cukukA
4&lkt lkeku dh j[k&j[kko ,oa muds mi;ksx ds fy;s n{krk dk fodkl djukA
5&miyC/k midj.kksa ds lzksrksa ds vf/kdkf/kd iz;ksx dks lqfuf'pr djukA
6&jaxkbZ] NikbZ ,oa fMtkbu ds fy;s dYiukRed lkSUn;Z dk fodkl djukA
7&cktkj dh izpfyr uohure QS'ku izo`fk dk ifjp; djukA
8&;kstuk dks LFkkfir djus esa mlds funsZ'ku ,oa j[k&j[kko esa vkRe&fuHkZjrk izkIr djukA
9&fu;ksftr <ax ds dk;Z dk foLFkkiu djukA
10&dk;Z dks iwjk djus vkSj c.My cka/kus dh fof/k;ksa ls voxr djkukA
11&m|ksx /kU/kksa ds fodkl dks le>uk vkSj mls cqf)ekk ls xzg.k djus dh {kerk dk fodkl djukA
12&miyC/k lk/kuksa vkSj ;a= dykvksa ds ewy fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k djus dh dyk dk fodkl djukA

235

13&lEcfU/kr O;olk; esa dk;Z djus okys vU; yksxksa ds lkFk lg;ksx djus dh izo`fk dk fodkl djukA
14&lwpuk nsus ds fy;s izHkko'kkyh ,oa lk/kkj.k lapkj lk/kuksa dh rduhd ls voxr djkukA
Lojkstxkj ds volj&
1&Lojkstxkj ds vUrxZr viuh bdkbZ Lo;a yxkdj O;olk; dj ldrk gSA
2&etnwjh jkstxkj ftlesa yksx nwljs ds fy;s dk;Z djrs ga]S mlds fy;s og ikfjJfed ikrs gSaA
3&jaxlkt cu ldrs gSaA
4&fMtkbuj&1 jaxkbZ dk fMtkbujA
2 Cykd NikbZ dk fMtkbujA
5&gkch dkslZ vfHk#fp d{kk;sa dsUnz [kksyk tk ldrk gSA
6&laxzgky; lgk;d VsDlVkby vuqHkkx cu ldrk gSA
7&funZs'kd dk;kZuqHko gsrq Ldwy VsDlVkby kV gsrqA
8&lekiu rduhf'k;u cu ldrs gSaA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
iw.kkZad
mkh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k lS)kfUrd&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200
400
200
ok ijh{kk
200
Vhi&
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
izfr'kr mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=

VsDlVkby foKku ,oa fMtkbu


fMtkbu
bdkbZ&1 1&izkjfEHkd fMtkbu] ykbu MkV~l] /kkfj;ka ,oa iz;ksxA
2&vkys[ku ds ewy rRo&
d jax] [k vkdkj] x gkjeuh] ?k oSysUl] fMtkbu ds ewy rRoksa dh HkwfedkA
3&fMtkbu esa midj.kksa dk v/;;u ,oa iz;ksx izf;k dk o.kZuA
bdkbZ&2 1&fMtkbu iz;ksx lkexzh dh lwph ,oa mldk iz;ksx rFkk lko/kkfu;kaA
2&izkxSfrgkfld] e/;dkyhu] vk/kqfud d'khnkdjh] dkyhu Qqydkjh okyh fMtkbuksa dk v/;;uA
bdkbZ&3 1&yksd dyk vkSj yksd dyk ij vk/kkfjr oL= fMtkbu dk v/;;uA
bdkbZ&4 1&e/;dkyhu oL= fMtkbu dk v/;;uA
2&vk/kqfud dkyhu oL= fMtkbu dk v/;;u ,oa blls fufeZr dlhnkdkjh fMtkbuA

20

10
10
20

236

f}rh; iz'u&i=

Mkbax ,oa dyj Ldhe


Ldhe
bdkbZ&1 1&MkbZ rS;kj djus esa iz;ksx gksus okys midj.kksa dk v/;;uA
2&MkbZ rS;kj djus esa mi;ksxh lkexzh ,oa mls iz;ksx djus dh rduhdA
bdkbZ&2 1&fiazfVax esa iz;ksx fd;s tkus okys jax dks iDdk djus dh rduhd ,oa LFkkf;Ro lEcU/kh fo'ks"k tkudkjhA
2&fizafVax ds ckn diM+s dh fQfuf'kax djukA
bdkbZ&3 1&MkbZ esa iz;ksx gksus okys dsfedy dk iz;ksx ,oa izHkko] xksan] ldsfQDl] ckmEMj ,flM] ;wfj;k bR;kfnA
bdkbZ&4 1&ouLifr jaxksa ls jaxkbZ ,oa NikbZA
r`rh; iz'u&i=

20
20
10
10

,Mokal Cykd fMtkbfuax


bdkbZ&1 1&vf/kd jaxksa okys Ckyd NikbZ dh fo'ks"krk vkSj mldk ekdsZV oSY;wA
2&pansjh QSUlh lkfM+;ksa ij dh x;h Cykd fMtkbuksa dk v/;;u ,oa fo'ks"krkA
f'kQku rFkk tktsVZ lkM+h vkSj nqiV~Vksa ij cuh gq;h pqujh ij vk/kkfjr Cykd fMtkbu&jax ;kstuk rduhdA
bdkbZ&2 1&js'keh lyokj dqrsZ ij dh x;h Cykd fizafVax fMtkbuksa dh fo'ks"krkA
flYd lkM+h dh vk/kqfud Cykd fMtkbuksa dk fo'ys"k.k] vU; rduhd dk izHkko ,oa egRoA
bdkbZ&3 1&Cykd fizfa Vax esa Cykd dh fMtkbu ds vuqlkj rS;kj djuk ,oa Cykd dh NikbZ ds fy;s rS;kj djukA
bdkbZ&4 1&fMtkbu esa i'kq&i{kh dk iz;ksx ,oa Cykd fizafVax esa bl izdkj dh fMtkbuksa dk egRoA
ekuo vkd`fr ij vk/kkfjr Cykd fMtkbu dk iz;ksx ,oa egRoA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=

20

16
14
10

gS.M Cykd fizafVax


bdkbZ&1 1&Cykd cukus esa mi;ksxh midj.kksa dk KkuA
bdkbZ&2 1&NikbZ djus ls igys diM+s dh NikbZ ds fy;s rS;kj djukA
2&NikbZ ds ckn Cykd dk j[k&j[kko o lQkbZA
bdkbZ&3 1&NikbZ est dh lko/kkuh ,oa NikbZ est dh fo'ks"krk;saA
2&Cykd fizafVax esa jax ;kstuk ds fu;eksa dk foLr`r v/;;uA
bdkbZ&4 1&Cykd fizafVax fMtkbu esa jax ;kstuk dh HkwfedkA
iape iz'u&i=

10
20
20
10

Cykd fizafVax m|ksx ,oa izcU/k


U/k
bdkbZ&1 1&fo|kFkhZ dks jkstxkj djus gsrq vkUrfjd eukscy ,oa ok fodkl djukA
2&mRiknu ,oa mRiknu dh fo'ks"krk dk KkuA
bdkbZ&2 1&izcU/k dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa ekdsZfVax eSuts es.V dk ifjp;A
bdkbZ&3 1&foi.ku dk v/;;u] ekdsZV dk O;kogkfjd vuqHkoA
bdkbZ&4 1&m|ksx izkjEHk djus gsrq _.k izkIr djus ds fu;eksa dk v/;;u djukA
2&mRikfnr oLrq ds ,DliksVZ fo; dh fu;ekoyh dk v/;;uA
bdkbZ&5 1&fMLIys djus ds fy;s vko';d ckrksa dk v/;;uA
2&fMLIys djus gsrq vko';d midj.kksa dh lwph ,oa budk iz;ksxA

20
10
10
05
05
05
05

237

iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
izFke iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&izkjfEHkd fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k ,oa budk oL= fMtkbu esa iz;ksxA
2&d bUVsfUlVh jax dk iz;ksx ,oa pkVZA
[k fMtkbu esa bUVsfUlVh jax dk iz;ksxA
3&fMtkbu esa vusd ek/;eksa dk iz;ksx&;ku vk;y jax] fuc odZ L;kgh vkfnA
4&VsDpj fuekZ.k] isij] oscal isij rFkk isij ij cuh fMtkbuksa dks ydM+h ds Cykd ij mrkjukA
5&Cykd ls bu fMtkbuksa ds lSEiqy Nkiuk ;k dkxt ij cukdj fn[kkukA
6&ckMZj vkSj [kqyh psd dh fjiksVZ djukA
7&vky vksoj fMtkbu dks fjiksVZ djukA
8&/kkfj;ksa ij vk/kkfjr fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k ,oa fjihVA
f}rh; iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&dbZ rjg ds diM+ksa dh Cyhfpax djukA
2&pknj ds fy;s Cykd fMtkbuksa@fMtkbu esa nks jax dk iz;ksxA
3&jtkbZ ds [kksy ds fy;s Cykd fMtkbu dk fuekZ.kA
4&xksVk dh lkM+h ds fy;s Cykd fMtkbu dks rS;kj djukA
5&Nis diM+ksa dks gS.M fQfu'k djds fn[kkukA
6&budks cukus dh iz;ksxkRed fof/kA
7&bu jaxksa ls lwrh diM+k jaxdj rFkk Nkidj lSEiqy fudkyukA
r`rh; iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&ok;y ;k vkjxaMh oL= ds fy;s vkd"kZd vkSj vk/kqfud fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dk;ZA ok;y tkyh okys oL= ij Nkius ;ksX;
fMtkbu dk fuekZ.kA
2&5 ;k 6 jax ;kstuk okys lqUnj Cykd fMtkbu dk fuekZ.kA
3&pansjh lkM+h ds fy;s lqUnj fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k iwjs lsV ds lkFk djuk] vky vksoj vkapy] ckMZj pqujh fMtkbu ij
vk/kkfjr f'kQku ;k tktsZV lkM+h ds fy;s Cykd fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dkxt ij djukA
4&js'ke oL= ds fy;s vky vksoj fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dkxt ij djukA js'keh lkM+h ds fy;s ckMZj vky vksoj vkapy dk
Cykd fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dkxt ij djukA
5&i'kq vkSj i{kh ij vk/kkfjr oky gSafxax ds fy;s Cykd fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dk;ZA ekuo vkd`fr ij vk/kkfjr lqUnj
fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k dkxt ij iz;ksxA
prqFkZ iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&vklku fMtkbuksa dk Cykd rS;kj djukA
2&flYd dk nqiV~Vk ;k lkM+h NkiukA
3&iz;ksxkRed :i ls dk;Z djukA
4&ikjLifjd Cykd NikbZ ij vk/kkfjr csM doj dh NikbZ djukA
5&vky vksoj fMtkbu ds Cykd }kjk VSisLVh gsrq oL= dh NikbZA
6&vkd"kZd QS'ku ds vuqlkj Cykd NikbZ }kjk lkM+h rS;kj djukA
iape iz'u&i= ds lUnHkZ esa&
1&Mkbax m|ksx dh NksVh :ijs[kk rS;kj dj iz;ksx djukA
2&ekdsZV esa rS;kj eky dh lIykbZ djuk vkSj yxk;s x;s ewY;ksa ls ykHk dh lwph rS;kj djukA
3&cuk;s oL=ksa dk ewY; cktkj Hkko ls fu/kkZfjr djukA

238

4&cuk;s x;s jaxksa dk ewY; fu/kkZfjr djukA


5&rS;kj oLrqvksa dks fMLIys djukA
6&fMLIys djus ds fy;s 8&12 o"kZ dk ekMy rS;kj djukA
7&fMLIys gsrq 13 ls 25 o"kZ dk ekMy rS;kj djukA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk
gS.M Cykd fizfa Vax fo"k; dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk&
vkUrfjd ewY;kadu
200 vad
ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu
200 vad
;ksx -- 400 vad
ok ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk&
uksV&le;
10 ?kaVk nks fnuksa esa
&
d y?kq iz;ksx nks fn;s tk;sa] izR;sd dk le; 2+2=4 ?k.VsA
[k nh?kZ iz;ksx nks fn;s tk;sa] izR;sd dk le; 3+3=6 ?k.VsA
y?kq iz;ksx&
le;
iz;ksx ua0 1
20 vad
2 ?k.Vs
iz;ksx ua0 2
20 vad
2 ?k.Vs
ekSf[kd
10 vad
&
;ksx -- 50 vad
nh?kZ iz;ksx&
le;
iz;ksx ua0 1
65 vad
3 ?k.Vs
iz;ksx ua0 2
65 vad
3 ?k.Vs
ekSf[kd
20 vad
&
;ksx -- 150 vad
lEiw.kZ ;ksx -- 200 vad
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
v nh?kZ iz;ksx&
1&fMtkbu esa ikap ;k N% jaxksa dk iz;ksxA
2&QSUlh lkM+h ds fy;s Cykd fMtkbu dk fuekZ.k djukA
3&QSUlh izkUrh; fMtkbuksa dk dkxt ij fuekZ.k djuk ,oa diM+s ij NkiukA
4&eksVs diM+s dh fMtkbu dk dkxt ij fuekZ.k ,oa diM+s ij NikbZ djukA
5&flYd ds diM+s ds fy;s dkxt ij fMtkbu fuekZ.k djuk ,oa diM+s ij NkiukA
6&vR;Ur vk/kqfud u;s fMtkbuksa dk dkxt ij fuekZ.k djuk ,oa QSUlh oL=ksa ij NikbZ djukA
c y?kq iz;ksx&
1&fofHk izdkj ds jax la;kstu djukA
2&flYd dh NikbZ ds fy;s jax dks rS;kj djukA
3&bafMxks lsy] fMLij lhy jax rS;kj djukA
4&czsUFkky jax rS;kj djukA
5&,flM rFkk ,flM ekjMsUV MkbZ rS;kj djukA
uksV&ijh{kd
ikB~;e ls vU; nh?kZ ,oa y?kq iz;ksx ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ns ldrs gSaA
&

239

iqLrds
Lrdsa&
1. Chemical I Processing of Cotton and
Polyester Cotton Blends

2.

Chemical
Materials

Technology

of

Fibrous

J. R. MODI
Research Associate and A.
GARDE, Assistant Director

4. Principles of Cotton Printing

ATIRA
ATIRA

F. SADOV
M. RORCHAGIN
A. MATETSKY

3- lwrh oL= NikbZ

R.

Rs. 20.00

ys[kd&Hkwnos 'kekZ
By--D. G. KALE
Pub.--Mahajan Bros.
Super Market Ahmedabad.

5. Technology of Textile Processing vol. IV,


Technology of Printing

Rs. 25.00

By--Dr. V. A. SHENAI
Pub.--Mahajan Bros.
Super Market Ahmedabad.

Rs. 15.00

34 VsM&esVy kV
mn~ns';&
1&nSfud thou esa /kkrq f'kYi ds egRo ,oa mi;ksfxrk ls Nk=ksa dks ifjfpr djkukA
2&/kkrq pknj ds dk;Z ,oa vykSg /kkrqvksa ds <ykbZ ds dk;ksZa esa n{krk izkIr djukA
3&Nk=ksa ds efLr"d esa dykRed /kkrq f'kYi ds }kjk lkSUn;kZuqHkwfr dks fodflr djukA
4&Hkkjrh; laLd`fr ,oa ijEijk esa dykRed /kkrq f'kYi ds egRo ls ifjfpr djkukA
5&Nk=ksa dh l`tu 'kfDr dk fodkl djukA
6&Nk=ksa esa Je ds izfr fu"Bk ,oa vknj dh Hkkouk mRi djukA
Lojkstxkj ds volj&
1&Lo&jkstxkj LFkkfir djus ds iwoZ fdlh /kkrq f'kYi ds m|ksx esa ,izsfUVlf'ki dk tkc dj /kuksiktZu djuk rFkk ogka ij
m|ksx ds okrkoj.k esa jgdj lEcfU/kr Kku ,oa vuqHko izkIr djukA
2&/kkrq pknj ls dykRed oLrqvksa dh fuekZ.k'kkyk LFkkfir dj ldrk gSA
3&vykSg /kkrqvksa dh dykRed <ykbZ }kjk oLrqvksa ds fuekZ.k gsrq dqVhj m|ksx LFkkfir dj ldrk gSA
4&bl f'kYi ls lEcfu/kr oLrqvksa dk fc; dsUnz [kksy ldrk gS rFkk lsYleSu dk dk;Z dj ldrk gSA
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
iw.kkZad
mkh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&
izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
iape iz'u&i=
60
20

240

[k iz;ksxkRed&
kRed&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk

200
400

200

ok ijh{kk
200
Vhi&
Vhi&ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
izfr'kr mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=

/kkrqvksa dk lkekU; Kku


Kku
1&feJ /kkrq dh ifjHkk"kk] feJ /kkrq cukus ds mn~ns'; vkSj mlds xq.k rFkk mi;ksx] fofHk izdkj dh ihry]
muds xq.k mi;ksxA
2&fofHk izdkj dh /kkrq pknjksa dk KkuA
3&vY;wehfu;e] rkack o ihry ds O;kogkfjd dk;Z gsrq fofHk :i&rkj] pknj] iVjh] V~;wc] xksy o pkSdksj
ikbu] ,safxy vkfnA
4&/kkrq dh yEckbZ] {ks=Qy] vk;ru] ifjfefr dh x.kuk] vkisf{kr ?kuRo dh lgk;rk ls ek=k Kkr dj ewY;
fudkyukA
5&Hkkjr esa dykRed /kkrq dyk dk egRo ,oa dykRed /kkrq dyk ds izeq[k dk;Z LFky] eqjknkckn dk fo'ks"k
lUnHkZ vkSj muds fu;kZr dh lEHkkouk;saA
f}rh; iz'u&i=

12
12
12
12
12

/kkrq f'kYi ds lkekU; ;a= o midj.k ,oa izf;k,a


Hkkx&v
1&LsfiaxA
2&iSfpax o fMfyaxA
3&'ksi esfdax&gkbyksbax] jsftax] hftax o f'kfdaxA
4&TokbafVax&fjosfVax] lksYMfjax] czsftax] osfYMax] uV&cksYV ;k lhe tksM+A
5&rkih; f;k,a&,uh;fyax] VSEifjax] ukjeykbftax o dslgkfMfuax dk KkuA
6&bysDVksIysfVaxA
r`rh; iz'u&i=

10
10
10
10
10
10

fMtkbfuax ,oa lktoV dk dk;Z


Hkkx&v
1&vyadj.k dh fof/k;ka&Lsfiax] baxzsfoax] busefyax] ,fpax] ,Eckfyax] oqyhodZ] ehukdkjh] ydfjax fjikmp odZ]
VsEij dyj dh fof/k;ksa dk Kku djkukA
mi;qZDr f;kvksa esa iz;qDr midj.kksa dh tkudkjh o lgh iz;ksx fof/kA
2&/kkrq oLrq ij ikWfyf'kax dk dk;Z o iz;qDr lkexzh rFkk f;kfof/k dh tkukdjh&oQ] ,ejks ls Qyxfoikfyax
dEikm.MA
fo'ks"k&prq
k& FkZ ,oa iape iz'u&i= ds fy;s fuEufyf[kr xzqi v vFkok xzqi c dk p;u djuk gksxkA

xzqi v
prqFkZ iz'u&i=

vykSg /kkrqvksa dk <ykbZ dk;Z


1&vykSg /kkrqvksa dh <ykbZ esa iz;qDr midj.kksa dh lgh iz;ksx fof/k dk Kku /kfj;k flcqy] fofHk izdkj dh
lM+lh] gFkkSM+k] iSFkj ;k iksMyh] lCcy] /kkSaduh Cyksoj] gkFk dk Cyksoj] fctyh dk CyksojA
12

30

30

241

2&<ykbZ dk;Z esa iz;qDr fofHk izdkj dh ckyw dk KkuA


3&ckyw feDLpj rS;kj djus dh fof/kA ckyw feDLpj rS;kj djus dh oLrqvksa dk Kku&tSls 'khjk] fcjkstk rsy
vkfn] Qsfyax lS.M] ikfVax ikmMjA
4&eky xykus dh fof/k;ka&/kfj;k }kjk eky xykus dh fof/kA
5&xys eky dh lQkbZ dk Kku&ysDl dk dk;Z ,oa iz;ksxA
izkts sDV odZ&
1&<ykbZ dk;Z ds bfrgkl ds ij fp= lfgr ,d fjiksVZ yxHkx vkB lQksa dh fy[ksaA
2&<ykbZ ds fofHk izf;kvksa ds ckjs esa vkB ls nl lQksa dk fp= lfgr o.kZu dhft;sA

12
12
12
12

xzqi c
c
iape iz'u&i=

vykSg /kkrqvksa dk <ykbZ dk;Z


Hkkx&nks
1&ihry ds vUnj v'kqf);ksa dk izHkko] <yh gqbZ oLrqvksa esa ik;h tkus okyh fofHk izdkj dh [kjkfc;ksa o mudks
nwj djus dh fof/k;kaA

10

2&<yh gqbZ oLrqvksa dh fpfiax dk KkuA

10

3&<yh gqbZ oLrqvksa ij jklk;fud fQfuf'kax dk KkuA

10

4&<yh gqbZ oLrqvksa dk ewY; fu/kkZj.kA

10

5&<yh gqbZ vykSg /kkrq dks dykRed oLrqvksa ds izeq[k dk;Z LFky dh tkudkjhA

10

6&ykLV oSDl izkslsl] vkbluksxzkQh ,oa <ksdjk kVA

10

izkts sDV odZ&


1&de ls de nks vykSgk /kkrq dh <ykbZ ls ikap&ikap ekMy dk fuekZ.kA
2&ykLV oSDl izkslsl@vkbluksxzkQh@<ksdjk kV ds }kjk ,d oLrq dk fuekZ.kA
3&<ykbZ] ykLV oSDl izkslsl] vkbluksxzkQh] <ksdjk kV esa ls fdlh ,d ls lEcfU/kr {ks= dk Kku djuk vkSj ml ij
lQksa dh fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA

xzqi c
c
prqFkZ iz'u&i=

uDdklh dk;Z o jax HkjkbZ dk dk;Z


Hkkx&,d
1&uDdklh ds mi;ksx ,oa ykHkA

12

2&uDdklh ds fy;s fofHk uewuksa ds fuekZ.kA

12

3&uDdklh dh fQfuf'kaxA

12

4&fufeZr /kkrq oLrqvksa dk ewY; fudkyuk rFkk ykxr cpr dk C;kSjk cukukA

12

5&fufeZr /kkrq oLrqvksa ds fc; dsUnzksa dh tkudkjhA

12

izkts sDV odZ&


1&cPps nks lkbt ds de ls de 5 xeyksa rFkk 5 IysVksa dks uDdklh dh fof/k }kjk rS;kj djsaxAs
2&uDdklh ls lEcfU/kr fdUgha nks LFkyksa ds ckjs esa 6 ls 7 lQksa dh fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA

242

xzqi c
c
iape iz'u&i=

uDdklh ,oa jax HkjkbZ dk dk;Z


Hkkx&nks
1&Lizs isUV dh tkudkjhA
10
2&fQfuf'kax NikbZ djus dh fof/kA
10
3&rS;kj oLrqvksa ds j[k&j[kko o iSfdax dk KkuA
10
4&fufeZr oLrqvksa dk ewY; fudkyukA
10
5&fufeZr /kkrq dh oLrqvksa ds fc; dsUnzksa dh tkudkjhA
10
6&QSUlh vkbVe dk Kku rFkk muds ltkoV dk rjhdkA
10
izkts sDV odZ&
1&cPps nks lkbt ds de ls de ikap xeyksa o ikap IysVksa dks bufefyax }kjk rS;kj djsaxsA
2&bufefyax ls lEcfU/kr fdUgha nks LFkyksa ds ckjs esa N%&lkr lQksa dh fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z dk ikB~;e
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk nks Hkkxksa esa gksxhA Hkkx d dk iz;ksxkRed dk;Z /kkrq f'kYi ds lHkh Nk=ksa ds fy;s Hkkx [k dk
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z fof'k"V VsM ls lEcfU/kr gksxkA
fof'k"V VsM&vykSg /kkrqvksa dk <ykbZ dk;Z vFkok uDdklh dk dk;Z o jax HkjkbZ dk dk;ZA
Hkkx d dk ikB~;e&
Hkkx [k I dk ikB~;e&
I vykSg /kkrqvksa dk <ykbZ dk;Z&
1&vykSg /kkrqvksa dh <ykbZ dk;Z esa iz;qDr ;a=ksa@midj.kksa ds lgh uke tkuuk vkSj igpkuukA
2&ckyw feDpj rS;kj djukA
3&Qsflax lS.M rS;kj djukA
4&eksfYMax oSDl dk lgh iz;ksx djukA
5&dksj lS.M rS;kj djukA
6&dksj }kjk eksfYMax djukA
7&HkV~Bh esa eky xykukA
8&eky xyrs le; /kkrq dh xUnxh lkQ djukA
9&<yh gqbZ oLrq dh fpfiax djukA
10&bUxzsUM iSVuZ dh eghu ckyw }kjk <ykbZ djukA
11&<yh gqbZ oLrq dh fQfuf'kax djukA
uksV&&1&izR;sd fo|kFkhZ }kjk iwjs l= esa de ls de nks vykSg /kkrq ls ikap ekWMyks@a oLrqvksa dk iw.kZ :i ls fuekZ.k fd;k
tkuk pkfg;s rFkk bls ok ijh{kd ds le{k izLrqr fd;k tkuk pkfg;sA
2&izR;sd fo|kFkhZ }kjk iwjs l= esa fd;s x;s vU; iz;ksxkRed dk;Z@fufeZr oLrqvksa dk foLr`r ys[kk@fjiksVZ fo"k;
v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk gLrk{kfjr djkdj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds le{k j[kk tk;A
3&fo"k; v/;kid ,oa iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk ;g izek.k&i= fn;k tkuk pkfg;s fd ekWMy@oLrq dk fuekZ.k veqd Nk= }kjk gh
fd;k x;k gSA

243

Hkkx [k II dk ikB~;e&
1&Lizs isafVax djukA
2&lQkbZ djukA
3&fufeZr oLrqvksa dk ewY; fudkyukA
4&fufeZr oLrqvksa dh iSfdax djukA
uksV&1&iw
& .kZ l= esa izR;sd Nk= }kjk nks lkbt ds de ls de 5 xeys rFkk 5 IysVsa tks uDdklh o jax HkjkbZ dh fof/k ls
rS;kj dh x;h gks] ok ijh{kd ds le{k izLrqr fd;k tk;sA
2&izR;sd fo|kFkhZ }kjk iwjs l= esa fd;s x;s iz;ksxkRed dk;Z@fufeZr oLrqvksa dk foLr`r ys[kk@fjiksVZ fo"k;
v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk gLrk{kfjr djkdj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kd ds le{k j[kk tk;sA
3&fo"k; v/;kid ,oa iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk ;g izek.k&i= fn;k tkuk pkfg;s fd ekWMy@oLrq dk fuekZ.k veqd Nk= }kjk gh
fd;k x;k gSA
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dk vad foHkktu&
vad
vkUrfjd ewY;kadu
-200
ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu
-200
;ksx -- 400
ok ijh{kk dh :ijs[kk
le;&10 ?k.Vk nks fnuksa esa
ewY;kadu&
1 y?kq iz;ksx&
vad
v iz;ksxkRed dk;Z Hkkx d dh ijh{kk dk ewY;kadu
40
c ekSf[kd iz'u
10
;ksx -- 50
2 nh?kZ iz;ksx&
vad
iz;ksxkRed dk;Z Hkkx [k dh ijh{kk dk ewY;kadu
-150
ftlesa ekSf[kd iz'u lfEefyr gS
50
;ksx -- 200
iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa mkh.kZ gksus ds fy;s 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
iqLrdsa&
dksbZ iqLrd fu/kkZfjr ;k laLrqr ugha gSA laLFkk ds iz/kku fo"k; v/;kid ds ijke'kZ ls mi;qDr iqLrd dk p;u djk ysaA

35 VsM&dEI;wVj rduhd ,oa esUVsusUl


MkVk bUVh izklsl
mn~ns';&
vkt ds foKku txr esa dEI;wVj dk ,d ,slk LFkku gS tks vf}rh; gSA pkgs dkj[kkuk gks] 'kks/k laLFkku gks] jktdh;
vFkok futh dk;Z LFkku gks] dEI;wVj us viuk LFkku lqfuf'pr dj fy;k gSA cSadksa esa fglkc&fdrkc] jsy vkj{k.k&dk;Z] ijh{kk dk;Z
vkfn vkt lkekU; ckr gks x;h gSa vr% ;g vko';d gS fd gj f'kf{kr ukxfjd dks dEI;wVj dk Kku gksA bl VsM dk eq[; mn~ns';
dEI;wVj ds ckjs esa tkudkjh nsuk rFkk dEI;wVj dks cukus o lq/kkjus ds fy;s vf/kd la[;k esa ekuo lalk/ku miyC/k djkuk gSA

244

Lojkstxkj ds volj&
1&dEI;wVj eSdsfud ds :i esa
2&dEI;wVj vkijsVj ds :i esa
3&dEI;wVj VsLVlZ ds :i esa
4&D.T.P. vkijsVlZ ds :i esa
5&fizafVax eSdsfud ds :i esa
6&dEI;wVj lq/kkjd ds :i esa
7&MkVk ,UVh ds :i esa
8&Lo O;olk;A
ikB~;e&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
iw.kkZad
mkh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&
1 izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
2 f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
3 r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
4 prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
5 iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
kRed&dqy 400 vadksa dh gksxhA vadksa dk
foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200 vad
ok ijh{kk
200 vad
75&lkVos;j iz;ksx
75&gkMZos;j iz;ksx
50&ekSf[kd (Viva)
Vhi&
Vhi&1&ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
izfr'kr mkh.kkZad ikuk vko';d gSA
2&iz;ksxkRed ds vkUrfjd ijh{kk esa l=h; ewY;kadu rFkk nks izkstsDV ,d lkVos;j o ,d gkMZos;j dk gksuk vfuok;Z gSA
izkstsDV~l dk ewY;kadu vkUrfjd ijh{k.k }kjk gksxk] ijUrq bu izkstsDV~l dks ok ijh{kd dks Hkh fn[kk;k tk;sxkA
izFke iz'u&i=

dEI;wVj ifjp;
ifjp;
iw.kkZd 60
1&ckbujh vFkZesfVd (Binary Arithmetic)
20 vad
fcV~l fucYl] ckbV~l cMZ ysUFk] dSjsDVj fjizstsUVs'ku vkLdh (ASCII)] dSjsDVlZ dksMl~ ] lk/kkj.k ckbujh vFkZesfVd
tksM+] ?kVkuk] xq.kk] Hkkx dEI;wVj ykWftd] cwfy;u vkijs'kUlA
2&ykWftd xsVl~ (Logic Gate)
40 vad
ykWftdy vkijsVlZ] NOT.AND.OR.NOR.NAND.EXOR xsVl~ ,oa muds Truth VsfcYlA

245

f}rh; iz'u&i=

vkijsfVax flLVe
flLVe

iw.kkZd 60
10 vad

1&VkUlysVlZ (Translaters)
,lsEcylZ (Assemblers)] b.VjizsVlZ (Interpreters)] dEikbylZ (Compilers) dk v/;;u djukA
2&dEI;wVj usVodZ (Computer Network)
20 vad
dEI;wVj usVofdZax ifjp;] izdkj LAN, WAN, MAN usVodZ VkWiksykWth&LVj] fjax] cl] Vh] usVodZ VkWiksykWth] dEI;wVj
usVofdZax dk iz;ksxA
3&bUVjusV (Internet)
30 vad
bUVjusV dk ifjp;] bfrgkl] HTTP dk ifjp;] WWW dk ifjp; ,oa osclkbV igpku] fofHk izdkj ds izksVksdky
(TCX/IP) mi;ksx] bUVjusV ls tqM+uk] osc czkmflax] E-Mail vkSj vVSpesUV bZ&esy ,dkmUV] i<+uk] Hkstuk] ckgj vkuk]
User ID dk ifjp; iz;ksxA
r`rh; iz'u&i=

dEI;wVj gkMZos;j
j
iw.kkZd 60
1&gkMZ&fMLd Mkbo (Hard Disk Drive)
24 vad
gkMZ&fMLd VsDukykWth] ladYiuk] {kerk] jksVs'ku] LihM ,.M MkVk&VkUlQj jsVl~ ] ehfM;k] R/W gsMl~ ] FAT QkjesfVax]
ikVhZ'kfuax] ,p0 Mh0Mh0 dk bULVkys'ku dylVlZ H/D ds izdkj (IDE, EIDE, SCSI)A
2&ykih ,.M CD Mkbo (Floppy and CD Drive)
16 vad
ykih ds izdkj] {kerk ,oa cpko&,Q0Mh0Mh0 dk ifjp;&bULVkys'ku vkSj Vcy'kwfVax CD Mkbo&muds ykHk vkSj {kerk]
Mh0oh0Mh0 dk ifjp;A
3&ekWfuVlZ (Monitors)
20 vad
ekWfuVlZ dk ifjp;] izdkj (VGA, EGA, SVGA) izeq[k iSjkehVj] ohfM;ks RAM, AGP, 3D ,fDlyjsVlZ] ekWfuVlZ
dk Vcy'kwfVax] ySV Lhu fMLIys&,d ifjp;] izdkjA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=

Mh0Vh0ih0 ,oa bZ0Mh0ih0


Mh0ih0
iw.kkZd 60
1&,e0 ,l0 ,Dlsy
20 vad
,e0 ,l0 ,Dlsy dk ifjp;] bldh 'kq#vkr] odZ'khV dh lajpuk] bldks lso djuk] [kksyuk vkSj bldh Qkby ij
fofHk izdkj ds vkijs'kUl tSls ,MhfVax] fizafVax lw=ksa ,oa Qyu dk iz;ksx] ,sjst vkSj ukekafdr jsUtsl dk iz;ksx djukA pkVZl~
cukuk] eskst rFkk QkElZ dk mi;ksx djukA
2&bZ0Mh0ih0
40 vad
MsVk dk ifjp;] MsVkcsl dk ifjp;] fjys'kuy MsVkcsl dkifjp; ,oa ykHk] QkDl izks dk ifjp;] QkDl izks }kjk dk;Z
djuk] MsVkcsl lajpuk] MsVkcsl dh QkbYl cukuk] budks lso djuk ,oa [kksyuk] Qkby esa la'kks/ku&lajpuk ,oa fo"k;d la'kks/ku]
lEiknu rFkk MsVk tksM+uk] MsVk leh{kk] bUMsfDlax ,Dlizs'ku ,oa Dosjh dk mi;ksx] fjiksVZ cukuk] yscYl rS;kj djuk] vkj0 Mh0
(Relational Database) ds iz;ksx] Le`fr] oSfj;fcy (Variable)] QaD'ku ,oa QkDl izks ds mi;ksx }kjk fofHk izdkj ds iz;ksxA
iape iz'u&i=

dEI;wVj esUVsusUl ,.M usVofdZxa


bdkbZ&1&fizUVlZ&
MkV eSfVDl fizUVlZ&fofHk ikV~Zl dh igpku o Dyhfuax
ccy&tsV rFkk badtsV fizUVlZ&blds ikV~Zl dh igpku
dkfVt (Cartridge) dh fjfQfyax o iquLFkkZiu
ystj fizUVlZ&Vksuj dkfVt dk iquLFkkZiu] bULVkys'ku ,oa Vcy'kwfVax

iw.kkZd 60
20 vad

246

bdkbZ&2&eksMsEl&
fl)kUr] dk;Zfof/k] izdkj ,oa mi;ksx
iSjkehVlZ xfr] =qfV;ksa ,oa mudk la'kks/ku bULVkys'ku rFkk Vcy'kwfVax
bdkbZ&3&csflDl vkQ usVofdZax&
usVofdZax dk ifjp;] usVodZ ehfM;k] dscfyax] usVodZ bUVjQsl dkMZ (NIC)
ehfM;k ,Dlsl esFkM~l
dusfDVfoVh fMokblst] fjihVlZ] gCl@fLopst
Dyk,UVljoj dh ladYiuk
bdkbZ&4&VsfLVax VwYl&
eYVhehVj] ykftd VsLVj] fDyfiax VwYl] vkflyksLdksi
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e dh lwph

10 vad

20 vad

10 vad

gkMZo;s j iz;ksx
iw.kkZd 400
mkh.kkZad 200
1&izfrjks/kksa dks Js.khe o lekUrj e esa yxkukA
2&Capacitor o Inductors dks Testing djukA
3&Mk;ksM o VkaftLVj dk vfHkyk{kf.kd o [khapukA
4&ikoj lIykbZ dk ijh{k.k djukA
5&UPS & CVT dk ijh{k.k djukA
6&dh&cksMZ dk ijh{k.k djukA
7&ekml dk ijh{k.k djukA
8&DMP (Dot Matrix Printer) dk v/;;u djukA
9&eYVhehVj o ykftd VsLVlZ ls iz;ksx djukA
10&Vcy'kwfVax o PC dh ejEer djukA
lkVos;j iz;ksx
1&ist ys vkmV lsV djukA
2&Vscy vkWQ dUVsUV~l dks rS;kj djukA
3&lsysDVsM o lEiw.kZ 'khV fizUV djukA
4&Excel esa Number, Text Date and Time ds iz;ksx ls odZ'khV cukukA lsYl Cells] jkl Rows ,oa dkyEl
Columns dks bUlVZ o fMyhV djuk] Qkjewyk iz;ksx djuk ftlesa fjysfVo Relative ,clksY;wV Absolute o feDLM
Mixed fjQjsflax dk mi;ksx gksA
5&pkVZ cukuk] lq/kkjuk] bUlVZ fMyhV djukA
6&lk/kkj.k ,oa ehuw esksl dks cukuk o pykukA
7&lsysDVsM o lEiw.kZ odZ'khV dks fizUV djukA pkVZ dks fizUV djukA
8&MkVkcsl LVDpj cukuk] lq/kkjuk o dkih djukA MkVk tksMu+ k] lEiknu ,oa leh{kkA
9&MkVkcsl dks Dosjh Query djuk o bUMsfDlax djukA
10&fjiksVZ Qkby cukukA
11&esfyax&yscy cukukA
12&QkDl&izks Fox Pro dk bLrseky djrs gq, lk/kkj.k izksxzkeksa dk fuekZ.k djuk o ijh{k.kA

247

izkstsDV dh lwph
lkVos;j izkstsDV
1&,Dlsy o yksVl~ 1&2&3 dh rqyukA
2&Qyu ,oa ekbksl dk foLr`r v/;;uA
3&,Dlsy dk iz;ksx djds pkVZ o xzkQ dh rqyukA
4&fofHkUu izdkj ds Qkby vkSj mudk iz;ksxA
5&Qkby izksVsD'kuA
6&fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
7&yscy rS;kj djukA
8&Lisy&psd ds izdkj o xq.kokkA
9&fofHkUu izdkj ds MkVkcslA
10&Fox Pro o vU; Data base dh rqyukA
11&fofHkUu izdkj dh yks&ysoy Hkk"kk;sa vkSj mudh vko';drkA
12&gkbZ&ysoy Hkk"kk;sa vkSj muds fofHkUu ykHkA
gkMZos;j izkstsDV
1&DMP dh dk;Zfof/kA
2&yslj fizUVlZ dk iz;ksx o ykHkA
3&eksMe esa xq.kokk ,oa xfr dk izHkkoA
4&LAN, MAN, WAN dh rqyukA
5&gCl o fLop dk v/;;uA
6&eYVhehVj dh dk;Zfof/kA
7&vkfDlyksLdksi dk fl)kUrA
8&ySV Lhu ekuhVlZA
9&ykWftd ,ukyktlZA
10&bUVkusV o bUVjusVA
midj.kksa dh lwph ,oa ewY; fu/kkZj.k
0 la0
midj.k
la[;k
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
6

ih0 lh0
;w0 ih0 ,l0
eYVhehVj
fMthVy eYVhehVj
ykWftd VsLVj
,DlisjhesUVy ekM;wYl
d jsftLVj Resistor
[k Mk;ksM
x VkaftLVj
?k ikoj lIykbZ
I. C.

3
3
3
3
5
3
3
3
3
3

vuqekfur ewY;
4
#0
60]000-00
8]000-00
600-00
1]200-00
1]000-00
9]000-00

248

8
9

VwYl
d 'kksYMfjax vk;ju
[k ispa dl
x Iykl
?k dVj
Mh&'kksYM iEi
p fofHkUu dusDVlZ
N ySV dsfcYl
vkWflyksLdksi
QuhZplZ] fctyh dusD'ku]
usV dusD'ku bR;kfn o vU;

5]000-00
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
1

10]000-00
20]000-00
dqy ;ksx yxHkx - - 1]24]8001]24]800-00
,d yk[k pkSchl gtkj vkB lkS ek=

36 VsM&&?kjsyw fo|qr midj.kksa dh ejEer ,oa j[k&j[kko


mn~ns'; %&&
1 fo|qr midj.kksa dh lkekU; tkudkjh izkIr djukA
2 midj.kksa ds vuqj{k.k ,oa j[k&j[kko dk Kku izkIr djukA
3 ?kjsyw fo|qr midj.kksa dh ejEer ,oa vuqj{k.k ls lEcfU/kr inkFkksZa dh tkudkjh izkIr djukA
4 fo|qr eksVj ,oa tujsVj dh lkekU; tkudkjh izkIr djukA
5 cSVjh ds ckjs esa tkudkjh ,oa mldk j[k&j[kko dk lkekU; Kku izkIr djukA
6 Lora= :i ls ?kjsyw midj.kksa dk ijh{k.k djuk ,oa mudks lq/kkjus dk Kku izkIr djukA
7 fo|qr midj.kksa ij dk;Z djrs le; lqj{kk lEcU/kh Kku izkIr djukA
jkstxkj volj&
1&&Lojkstxkj ,oa etnwjh jkstxkj %&&
fuEufyf[kr O;olk; Lojkstxkj dh Js.kh esa vkrs gSa vFkkZr~ ikB~;e dks iwjk djus ds ckn viuh bdkb;ka yxk ldrs gSa
etnwjh jkstxkj vFkkZr~ nwljksa ds fy;s jkstxkj miyC/k djk ldrs gSaA
1&eksVj ckbfUMx djus okykA
2&tujsVj ejEer djus okykA
3&vfHk#fp d{kk;sa pykus okykA
4&?kjksa dh ok;fjax djus okykA
5&Lo;a }kjk mRikfnr lkexzh dks cktkj esa cspus vFkok lIykbZ djus okykA
6&lHkh izdkj ds fo|qr midj.kksa dh ejEer rFkk j[k&j[kko djus okykA
2&ds
dsoy etnwjh jkstxkj %&&
1&bysDVhf'k;u dk;kZy; rFkk m|ksx esa ?kjksa dh ok;fjax ds fy,A
2&Ldwy ;k izf'k{k.k dsUnzksa esa izf'k{kd ds lgk;d ds :i esaA
3&lsYleSu ds :i esaA
4&midj.kksa ds ,lsEcyj ,oa lq/kkjd feL=h ds :i esaA

249

ikB~;e&&
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj mudh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxkA
d lS)kfUrd
iw.kkZad
mkh.kkZad
1 izFke iz'u&i=
60
20
2 f}rh; iz'u&i=
60
20
3 r`rh; iz'u&i=
60
300
20
100
4 prqFkZ iz'u&i=
60
20
5 iape iz'u&i=
60
20
[k iz;ksxkRed&
1 vkUrfjd ijh{kk
200 vad
400
200
2 ok; ijh{kk
200 vad
uksV %&ijh{kkfFkZ
%
;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u&i= esa U;wure mkh.kkZad 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50%
vad ikuk vko';d gSA
izFke iz'u&i=
izkjfEHkd fo|qr vfHk;kaf=dh izFke&lh0lh0
iw.kkZad&60
bdkbZ
1&fn"V /kkjk ifjiFk&
ifjiFk&Js.kh ifjiFk ,oa lekUrj ifjiFk] fdjpkQ dk fu;e] vf/kdre 'kfDr LFkkukUrj.k
izes;] x.kuk ds lkekU; iz'uA
30
2&fLFkj
fLFkj oS|qfrdh&dq
rdh yEc ds fu;e] fo|qr~ vkos'k] xkml ds fu;e] la?kfu=] cukoV] dk;Z fof/k /kkfjrk
dSihflVsUlA
16
3&Mh0lh0
Mh0lh0 e'khu&fn"V
/kkjk tfu= dk fl)kUr] Mh0lh0 e'khuksa dh lajpuk] Mh0lh0 eksVj dh cukoV ,oa
e'khu
dk;Z fof/k] mi;ksx] fdLe rFkk vuqj{k.k] LVkVZjA
14
f}rh; iz'u&i=
,0 lh0 QUMkesaVy ,oa ,0 lh0 e'khusa
iw.kkZad&60
bdkbZ
1&izizR;korhZ /kkjk e'khusa&VkUlQkjej dk dk;Z fl)kUr] cukoV] mi;ksx ,oa fdLesa@fluksul eksVj] lajpuk]
dk;Zfof/k ,oa mi;ksx] jksVsfVax eksVj] izsj.k eksVj&flaxy Qst ,oa rhu Qst eksVj dk lkekU; Kku] ,0lh0
eksVj ds LVkVZj dk KkuA
30
2&
&fo|qr forj.k ,oa lapkj.k O;oLFkk dk lkekU; ifjp;A
16
3&fo|qr lqj{kk ,oa izkFkfed mipkj&fu;e ,oa lko/kkfu;kaA
14
r`rh; iz'u&i=
?kjsyw ok;fjax ,oa eksVj okbfUMax
bdkbZ
iw.kkZad&60
1&;w
;wt&fo|qr ifji{k esa ;wt dk egRo] ;wt ds izdkj] ;wt cukus esa iz;Dq r inkFkZ] ifji{k esa ;wt u
gksus dh fLFkfr esa gkfu;k] ;wt dh jsfVax] ;wt ck/kukA
2&fo|q
fo|qr~ izdk'k lzksr&vkdZ ySEi] rkinhIr cYc] xSlh; foltZu cYc] fu;kstu cYc] lksfM;e ok"i cYc]
ejdjh isij ySEi] ywjkslsUV V~;wc] cukoV&lgk;d lkexzh ,oa ifjiFk vkjs[kA

16
14

250

3&vkjes
vkjespj ckbfUMax&fo|qr eksVjksa dh ckbafUMx ,oa fjokbafUMax dk vFkZ ,oa vko';drk] iz;qDr inkFkZ ,oa
vko';d midj.k rFkk vkStkj] ,0 lh0 vkSj Mh0 lh0 okbfUMax esa mi;ksx fd;s tkus okys VElZ] e'khu
dh fQj ls okbfUMax djus dh fof/k ,0 lh0 e'khu LVsVj okbafUMax dk MsVk izR;sd xzqi esa Dok;Yl dks
O;ofLFkr djus ds fu;e] okbfUMax Mk;xzke cukus dh fof/k] Mh0 lh0 vkjespj okbfUMax dh fdLesa] ,0
lh0 okbfUMax dh fdLes]a Mh0 lh0 vkjespj esa nks"k Kkr djuk] e'khu dh okbfUMax djus ds i'pkr~
okbfUMax dh okfuZf'kax ,oa rIruA
prqFkZ iz'u&i=
?kjsyw fo|qrh; midj.kksa dh cukoV ,oa
,oa vuqj{k.k
bdkbZ

bdkbZ

30

iw.kkZad&60
vad
1&vuq
vuqj{k.k] ejEer dk;Z&vuqj{k.k ls rkRi;Z ykHk] fofHkUu izdkj ds vuqj{k.k&cpko vuqj{k.k ,oa dk;Z Hkax
vuqj{k.k] ejEer] vksojgkfyax lfoZflax] fujh{k.k vkfnA
30
midj.kksa esa VwV&QwV ds dkj.k ,oa cpko] laj{k.k ls cpko] Lis;j iqtksZa dk p;u] Lohdj.k ijh{k.kA
2&lEHkkfor
lEHkkfor nks"k ,oa fujkdj.k&ij
fujkdj.k
of.kZr midj.kksa esa lEHkkfor nks"k] muds dkj.k rFkk cpko] VwV&QwV dh
ejEer] lksYMfjax] csfUMax] bysDVkIysfVax] fjosVu] isfUVax] okbfUMax] fQfVax dk;Z ,oa csap dk;Z dk laf{kIr
ifjp;] tujsVj dk j[k&j[kkoA
20
3&ejEer
ejEer ds fy, vko';d vkStkj&igpku]
cukoV] fof'kf"V;k] mi;ksx ,oa lqj{kk lko/kkfu;ka
10
kj
iape iz'u&i=
dk;Z'kkyk x.kuk ,oa vfHk;kaf=dh inkFkZ
iw.kkZad&60
vad
1&fo|qr~ tkZ dh x.kuk rFkk ykxr fudkyuk ,oa fo|qr~ e'khu vkSj midj.kksa dh ejEer lEcU/kh bLVhesV
rS;kj djukA
20
2&fo|qr~ vkStkjkas ds eqDr gLr fp=] fo|qr~ lkexzh] midj.k e'khu bR;kfn ds ladsr fpUgA
10
3&lqj{kk lko/kkuh ,oa vk|kr mipkj
10
4&d
d vfHk;kaf=dh inkFkZ laokgd lkexzh&rkck vkSj ,Y;qfefu;e de vojks/kd {kerk okyh lkexzh mudh
fo|qrh; fo'ks"krk;sa] pkyd rFkk dqpkyu esa vUrj] MkbZbysfDVd lkexzh&fo'ks"krk;sa ,oa mudk mi;ksx]
bUlqysfVax eSVsfj;y&dkxt] IykfLVd vkoj.k okys dkxt] ,Eik;j DykFk] ysnjkbt dkxt] jcM+] ih0 oh0
lh0 iksjlyhu] oSdsykbV] Qkboj] okfuZ'k vkSj isUV mudh fo'ks"krk;sa rFkk mi;ksxA
20
[k pqEcdh; lkexzh&QSjksesxusfVd lkexzh] ueZ vkSj l[r pqEcdh; lkexzh] pqEcdh; lkexzh dh gkfu;k
rFkk gkfu;ksa dks de djus dh izf;kA
x bysDVkfuDl ds ewy fl)kUr rFkk vk/kqfud ?kjsyw midj.kksa esa bldh mi;ksfxrk] ?kjsyw midj.kksa es
yxk;s tkus okys bysDVkfuDl dEiksusUV] mudh igpku djuk ,oa yxkuk rFkk ijh{k.k djukA
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e
iw.kkZad&400
mkh.kkZad&200
1&,d&dyh; ,oa f=dyh; eksVj LVkVZj dk v/;;uA
2&d{k cksMZ ij yxh uewuk ok;fjax lkexzh dk v/;;u ,oa igpkuA
3&fljht cksMZ cukus dk vH;klA
4&,d IokbUV dh ok;fjax djukA
5&yksjkfl;sUV V~;wcjkM fQfVax dh ok;fjax djukA

251

6&<kbZ IokbaV dh ok;fjax djukA


7&thuk LVs;j dsl ij dh tkus okyh ok;fjax djukA
8&fo|qr~ cYc dh >kyj cukukA
9&vfFkZax djukA
10&Nr ds ia[kksa dh fjokbfUMax djukA
11&{kSfrt dwyj iEi dh fjokbfUMax djukA
12&/okZ/kj dwyj iEi dh fjokbfUMax djukA
13&okf'kax e'khu dh eksVj dh fjokbfUMax djukA
14&feDlh dh eksVj dh fjokbfUMax djukA
15&,DtkLV ia[ks dh fjokbfUMax djukA
16&iSfMLVy ia[ks dh fjokbfUMax djukA
17&fuEufyf[kr ?kjsyw fo|qr midj.kksa dh lQkbZ ejEer djuk] mudh fMlsEcyh ,oa vlsEcyh dk vH;kl %
, feDlh
ch okf'kax e'khu
lh Nr dk ia[kk
Mh iSfMLVy ia[kk
b ,XtkLV QSu
,Q bL=h izsl vk;ju
th dwyj iEi
,p fo|qr~ ?kaVh
vkbZ xhtj
ts bejtsUlh ykbV
18&fjosVu] lksYMfjax] Qkbfyax osfYMax vH;klA
vko';d vkStkj ,oa midj.kksa dh lwph
ekad
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

uke
2
fMy e'khu fo|qr pfyr
okbafUMax e'khu
gFkkSM+h
fMy lsV
Qkby lHkh izdkj ds
fptsy lHkh izdkj ds
okbl
Vsi lsV

la[;k
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
4
2

lsV
lsV
lsV
lsV
lsV

vuqekfur dher
4
#0
4500-00
5000-00
200-00
200-00
200-00
150-00
900-00
400-00

252

ekad
1
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

uke
2
MkbZ
gS.M gSDlk
lksYMfjax vk;ju
osfYMax VkUlQkjej
fjoVsu vkStkj
iap] okbl
ekiu vkStkj
okV ehVj
oksYV ehVj
us;j
eYVhehVj ,ukykx
eYVh ehVj fMftVy
Lw Mkboj lsV
fjap lsV Lisuj lsV
fjis;fjax fdV
feDlh
okf'kax e'khu
Nr dk ia[kk
isMsLVy QSu
bDtkLV QSu
izsl izR;sd fdLe ds
dwyj iEi
?kaVh
xhtj
fdpsu ghVj
Vscqy ySEi
bejtsUlh ykbV
vksosu
bej'ku ghVj
cSVjh pktZj

la[;k
3
2
4
5
1
1 lsV
2 lsV
1 lsV
2
5
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1 izR;sd
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

vuqekfur dher
4
600-00
200-00
1000-00
4000-00
400-00
1400-00
2000-00
3500-00
3000-00
2500-00
550-00
1000-00
200-00
250-00
3000-00
4000-00
5000-00
1000-00
1000-00
3000-00
2000-00
4000-00
100-00
3000-00
100-00
500-00
1000-00
4000-00
600-00
500-00
;ksx - 56050
56050050-00

fo"k; lUnHkZ iqLrdksa dh lwph %


1&vk/kkfj oS/kr vfHk;kfU=dh
2&vk/kkfj oS/kr vfHk;kfU=dh

ys[kd
vkj0 ih0 xqIr
Vh0 Mh0 fo"V

izdk'kd
uoHkkjr izdk'ku] esjB
,f'k;u ifCyds'ku] eqtQjuxj

253

3&vk/kkfj oS/kr vfHk;kfU=dh


4&?kjsyw midj.kksa dk vuqj{k.k ,oa j[k&j[kko
5&fo|qqr~ midj.kksa ,oa e'khuksa dk vuqj{k.k ,oa j[k&j[kko
6&fo|qr~ midj.kksa ,oa ?kjsyw midj.kksa dk j[k&j[kko
7&dk;Z'kkyk x.kuk
8&la;r vlqj{kk ,oa lqj{kk bath0
9&fo|qr~ midj.kksa dk laLFkkiu] vuqj{k.k ,oa ejEer

,e0 ,y0 xqIrk


vkj0 ds0 yky
egsUnz Hkkj}kt
,e0 ,y0 vkMokuh
,e0 ,y0 vkMokuh
vkj0 ds0 yky
tXxh 'kekZ

/kuirjk; ,.M lUl] ubZ fnYyh


uoHkkjr izdk'ku] esjB
U;w gkbV~l ifCyds'ku] ubZ fnYyh

uoHkkjr izdk'ku] esjB

b.VjehfM,V

37 VsM&[kqnjk O;kikj Retail Trading


ikB~;e %&
%
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikp iz'u&i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gSaA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gS %&
v lS)kfUrd
izFke iz'u&i=&[kqnjk O;kikj dk ifjp;

&60

f}rh; iz'u&i=&mRikn ,oa miHkksDrk lsok;sa

&60

r`rh; iz'u&i=&[kqnjk O;kikj esa Hk.Mkj.k ,oa vkifrZ

&60

prqFkZ iz'u&i=&vFkZ O;oLFkk esa [kqnjk O;kikj

&60

iape iz'u&i=&cgh[kkrk ,oa ys[kk 'kkL=

&60

300

c iz;ksxkRed
d vkUrfjd ijh{kk

&200

[k ok; ijh{kk

&200

400

ijh{kkFkhZ dks izR;sd iz'u&i= esa mkh.kkZad U;wure 25 vad rFkk iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 200 vad ikuk vko';d gSA
uksV %&lS
% )kfUrd iz'u&i= esa 33 izfr'kr mkh.kkZad gSa rFkk iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50 izfr'kr vad ikuk vko';d gSA
ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk&
xrk
[kqnjk O;kikj dk ns'k dh vkfFkZd fodkl esa egRo iw.kZ LFkku gSA Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks [kqnjk O;kikj ds vk'k; ,oa mi;ksfxrk
rFkk fofHkUu igyqvksa ij tkudkjh nsuk 'kSf{kd ikB~;e ds fy, vfr vko';d gSA ikB~;e dh mi;ksfxrk gsrq fuEu fcUnq
egRoiw.kZ gSa&
1&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks fc; dyk dh tkudkjhA
2&u;s mRikn dk izpkj&izlkj djus dh dkS'ky dk fodkl
3&oLrq dh ekax mRiUu djus dh rjhdksa dh tkudkjh nsuk
4&miHkksDrkvksa dh #fp] vknr ,oa QS'ku vkfn dh tkudkjh
5&,d vPNs fcsrk ds :i esa Nk=ksa dks rS;kj djukA
mn~ns';&
;
[kqnjk O;kikj ds v/;;u dk eq[; mn~ns'; Nk=&Nk=kvksa esa ,d vPNs O;kikjh ds xq.kksa dk fodkl djuk rFkk blls Hkfo";
esa Lojkstxkj LFkkfir djus esa lgk;rk feysa muds O;fDrRo dk fodkl djuk vPNss fc; djus dh tkudkjh nsukA izfrLi/kkZRed
O;kikj es vius dkS'ky ,oa lkgl ls lkeuk djuk rFkk fnu&izfrfnu fodkl djus esa n{k gksukA

254

izFke iz'u&i=
[kqnjk O;kikj dk ifjp;
ifjp;
iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

bdkbZ&1
d [kqnjk O;kikj dk vFkZ ,oa ifjHkk"kkA
[k [kqnjk O;kikj dh fo'ks"krk;saA
x [kqnjk O;kikj ds xq.k ,oa nks"kA
?k [kqnjk O;kikj dk egRoA
bdkbZ&2

20 vad
d [kqnjk O;kikj ds Lo:iA
[v] NksVs iSekus ds [kqnjk O;kikjA
d Qsjh okysA
[k ,d ewY; dh nqdkusAa
x lk/kkj.k nqdkusaA
[c] cM+s iSekus dh [kqnjk O;kikjA
d lqij cktkjA
[k foHkkxh; Hk.MkjA
x J`a[kykc) nqdkusaA
?k miHkksDrk lgdkjh Hk.MkjA
Mkd }kjk O;kikjA
p bUVjusV }kjk O;kikjA
N fc; e'khuA
t fdjk;k dj i)frA
> fdLr Hkqxrku i)frA

bdkbZ&3

20 vad
QqVdj O;kikj dh lsok;s&
a
d mRikndksa ds izfr lsok;saA
[k Fkksd O;kikfj;ksa ds izfr lsok;sAa
x miHkksDrk ,oa lekt ds izfr lsok;sAa
f}rh; iz'u&i=
mRikn ,oa miHkksDrk lsok;s
ok;sa
iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

bdkbZ&1
d cktkj dk vFkZ ,oa ifjHkk"kkA
[k cktkj ds izdkjA
[v] iw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk dh n'kk esaA
[c] viw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk dh n'kk esaA
[l] ,dkf/kdkj dh n'kk esAa

255

x ewY; fu/kkZj.k&
[v] iw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk dh n'kk esaA
[c] viw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk dh n'kk esaA
[l] ,dkf/kdkj dh n'kk esAa
bdkbZ&2

20 vad
d [kqnjk O;kikj esa foi.ku dh HkwfedkA
[k foi.ku dh mRifk ,oa ifjHkk"kkA
x foi.ku ds y{k.kA
?k foi.ku dk egRoA
foi.ku dk fl)kUrA
p mRikn ,oa lsok foi.ku esa vUrjA

bdkbZ&3

20 vad
d foKkiu dk vFkZ ,oa ifjHkk"kkA
[k foKkiu ds izdkjA
x foKkiu dk egRoA
?k [kqnjk O;kikj esa foKkiu dk egRoA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
[kqnjk O;kikj esa Hk.Mkj.k ,oa vkiwfrZ
iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

bdkbZ&1
d Hk.Mkj x`g dh LoPNrkA
[k LoPNrk dh vko';drkA
x LoPNrk dk egRoA
?k LoPNrk gsrq mi;ksx esa vkus okys midj.kA
LoPNrk ,oa LokLF; esa lEcU/kA
bdkbZ&2

20 vad
d Hk.Mkj x`gksa ds lqj{kkRed mik;ksa dk vuqj{k.kA
[k Hk.Mkj x`gksa ds lEHkkfor [krjsA
x lqj{kkRed mik;A
?k lqj{kk dh vko';drkA
lqj{kkRed mik;ksa gsrq izf'k{k.kA

bdkbZ&3

20 vad
d vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk izcU/kuA
[k vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk izcU/ku dh lajpukA
x [kqnjk forj.k ek/;eA
?k ekax iwokZuqekuA
lkexzh izcU/kuA
p lkexzh vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk ,oa izkS|ksfxdhA

256

prqFkZ iz'u&i=
vFkZ O;oLFkk esa [kqnjk O;kikj
iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

bdkbZ&1
d jkstxkj dk vk'k;A
[k [kqnjk O;kikj esa jkstxkj dh lEHkkoukA
x [kqnjk O;kikj esa jkstxkj ds vko';d ik=rk@n{krkA
?k [kqnjk O;kikj esa dk;Zjr dkfeZdksa ds dk;Z ,oa mkjnkf;RoA
bdkbZ&2

20 vad
d lapkj dk vFkZ ,oa ifjHkk"kkA
[k lapkj pA
x lapkj ds fofHkUu rRoA
?k lapkj esa ck/kk;saA
[kqnjk O;kikj esa lapkj dk egRoA

bdkbZ&3

20 vad

d lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh dk vk'k;A


[k [kqnjk O;kikj esa lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh dk egRoA
x lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh dh iz;qDr rduhfd;k bZ0lh0,l0] sfMV dkMZ] MsfoV dkMZ] vkuykbu [kjhnnkjh ,oa Hkqxrku
iape iz'u&i=
cgh[kkrk ,oa ys[kk'kkL=
iw.kkZad % 60
bdkbZ&1 [kkrk cgh ,oa ryiV
20 vad
d [kkrk cgh dh vko';drk ,oa vFkZA
[k ys[kksa dks [kfr;kukA
x [kkrksa dh ckdh fudkyukA
?k ryiV dk vFkZA
ryiV cukus dh fof/k;kA
p ryiV }kjk izdV gksus okyh ,oa u izdV gksus okyh v'kqf);kA
N mpUr [kkrkA
20 vad
bdkbZ&2 vfUre [kkrk lek;kstukvksa lfgr
d vfUre [kkrs dk vk'k;A
[k izeq[k lek;kstuk;saA
x O;kikj [kkrk lek;kstuk lfgrA
?k ykHk&gkfu [kkrk lek;kstuk lfgrA
vkfFkZd fpV~Bk lek;kstuk lfgrA
bdkbZ&3 Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk iz.kkyh
20 vad
d Hkkjrh; cgh[kkrk iz.kkyh dk vFkZA
[k fo'ks"krk;saA
x ykHk&nks"kA
?k izeq[k cfg;k&dPph jksdM+ cgh] iDdh jksdM+ cgh] tek udy cgh o uke udy cghA

257

iz;ksxkRed
[kqnjk O;kikj fuekZrkvksa] mRikndksa ,oa Fkksd O;kikfj;ksa dks miHkksDrk ls tksM+us dh ,d egRoiw.kZ dM+h gSA [kqnjk O;kikj dk
Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk ds fodkl esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku gSA [kqnjk O;kikj esa O;kikjh dk miHkksDrk ls lh/kk lEcU/k gksus ds dkj.k
miHkksDrk ds #fp] vk;] QS'ku vkfn dh tkudkjh izkIr djds mRikndksa dks vius mRikn dk iSekuk fu/kkZfjr djus esa lg;ksx iznku
djrk gS vkSj ogha nwljh vksj u;s&u;s mRikn dh tkudkjh vius egRoiw.kZ fo; dyk dkS'ky ds vk/kkj ij miHkksDrk rd igqpkrk
gS vkSj oLrq dh ekax mRiUu djrk gSA
[kqnjk O;kikj dk iz;ksxkRed Lo:i
1&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks 'kgj ds izfrf"Br [kqnjk O;kikj dsUnz esa Hkze.k djkukA
2&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks foKkiu ds u;s&u;s rduhfd;ksa ls voxr djkukA
3&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks oLrqvksa ds lqjf{kr j[k&j[kko ds rduhd dk Kku nsukA
4&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks oLrq ds fc; dk nh?kZdkfyd ykHk ds fo"k; esa lkspus rFkk O;kikj esa xzkgdksa dh la[;k c<+kus ds
rduhd ij fopkj djukA
5&de ykHk ij vf/kd fc; c<+kus dh dyk dks fodflr djukA
6&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks O;kikj ds vuqfpr ,oa fQtwy [kpsZ jksdus rFkk U;wure ykxr ds vk/kkj ij O;kikj pykus dk
izf'k{k.k nsukA
7&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks fofHkUu izdkj ds [kqnjk O;kikj ls lEcfU/kr ljdkjh fu;eksa ,oa ykblsafUlax dh tkudkjh nsukA
8&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks [kqnjk O;kikj ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu oLrqvksa ds lEcU/k esa jk"Vh; uhfr dh Hkh tkudkjh nsukA
9&vUrjkZ"Vh; O;kikj ds lEcU/k esa Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks Kku djkuk rFkk vk;kr fu;kZr uhfr dh Hkh tkudkjh nsukA
10&Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks O;kikj ds mrkj&p<+ko ds izHkko ,oa nq"izHkko ls fuiVus dh {kerk dks fodflr djukA
uksV %&
%
o"kZ ds nkSjku vkUrfjd ,oa ok; ijh{kk ds vUrxZr Nk=&Nk=kvksa ls fuEu dk;Z djk;s tk;s&
a
1&Nk=&Nk=kvksa ls izkstsDV dk;Z djkdj mldh QkbZy cuk;saA
2&pkVZ ds ek/;e ls izLrqrhdj.k djukA
3&Nk=&Nk=kvksa }kjk ekWMy Hkh cuok;k tk;sA
4&Nk=&Nk=kvksa ls fdlh u;s mRikn ds foKkiu dh rduhfd;k izLrqr djus dh fof/k ij fMcsV djk;k tk;sA
5&u;s mRikn dks cktkj esa Nk=&Nk=kvksa ls miHkksDrkvksa dks tkudkjh fnyokukA
6&cktkj losZ{k.k djkdj miHkksDrk dh #fp] vk;] izpfyr QS'ku vkfn dh tkudkjh izkIr djukA
vko';d midj.k
1&dEI;wVj izkstsDVj
2&pkVZ isij
3&Qkbysa
4&lknk dkxt
5&nSfud miHkksx ls lEcfU/kr izeq[k mRiknA

VsM&38
38 lqj{kk Security
mn~ns';&
;&
1&Nk=&Nk=kvksa esa lqj{kk psruk ,oa lqj{kk ds izfr nkf;Ro cks/k dk fodkl djukA
2&Nk=&Nk=kvksa es lEizs"k.k {kerk ,oa O;fDrRo dk prqfnZd fodkl djukA
3&izkd`frd vkink ,oa vkikrdkyhu fLFkfrtU; pqukSfr;ksa ls fuiVus gsrq l{ke ,oa lsok;sa vfiZr djus gsrq rRij cukukA

258

4&mRiknu@dk;ZLFkyksa esa lqj{kk ifjos'k dks csgrj cukdj thou fLFkfr;ksa Living Conditions dks lqxe ,oa tugkfu
de djukA
5&Nk=&Nk=kvksa esa izkFkfed mipkj dk dkS'ky fodflr dj] nq?kZVuk@vkikrdky es t:jreanksa dks izkFkfed fpfdRlk iznku
djus gsrq l{ke cukukA
6&lkoZtfud@vkS|ksfxd {ks=ksa esa lqj{kk midj.kksa ds mi;ksx dh le> fodflr dj] dk;ZLFky dh lqj{kk dks izHkkoh cukus
esa ;ksxnku nsuk rFkk lqj{kk ds jkstxkj {ks= esa Nk=@Nk=kvksa dks vgZ cukukA
jkstxkj ds volj
1&ikB~;e esa n{krk gkfly djus ds mijkUr Nk=@Nk=k;sa lqj{kk cy] lkoZtfud ,oa futh m|ksx] LokLF; lsokvksa ds
jkstxkj {ks= esa lsok;kstu izkIr dj ldsaxsA
2&vkink izcU/ku] ukxfjd lqj{kk ,oa vkikrdkyhu lsokvksa ds {ks= esa jkstxkj ds lkFk ns'k ds ukxfjd gksus ds nkf;Ro dk
fuoZgu Hkh dj ldsaxsA
iz'u&i=&izFke
vkink izcU/ku
iw.kkZad % 60
1&vk
vkink
vkink lEcU/kh rS;kjh % vkink dk vYidkyhu ,oa nh?kZdkyhu fu;kstu] lapkj] vkinkLin fLFkfr;ksa esa usr`Ro] mi;ksxh
oLrqvksa dk Hk.Mkj.k ,oa izHkkoh forj.k] lkeqnkf;d Hkkxsnkjh ,oa tu tkx#drk dk;ZeA
20 vad
2&vkink
vkink izcU/ku % fofHkUu vfHkdj.kksa dh Hkwfedk] ftyk iz'kklu] lSfud ,oa v)ZlSfud cy] xSj ljdkjh laxBu] tu
lapkj ek/;eA
20 vad
3&jkgr
jkgr dk;Z] grkgr izcU/ku ,oa iquokZl % grkgrksa@izHkkforksa dks [kkstuk] cpkuk] ihfM+rksa ds fy, clsjk] i'kq/ku vkSj
jkgr dk;Z] eycs dks gVkuk vkSj e`rdksa dk laLdkj] vfXu fu;a=.k] vkikrdkyhu LokLF; lsok;sa] iqufuZekZ.k ,oa
iquokZl] vkink tU; gkfu dk ewY;kadu ,oa leh{kkA
20 vad
iz'u&i=&f}rh;
lqj{kk
iw.kkZad % 60
1&Hkkjrh;
Hkkjrh; lqj{kk esa lgk;d lsukvksa@v)ZlSfud cy dh Hkwfedk % rVj{kd lsuk] lhek lqj{kk cy] Hkkjrh;
frCcr lhek cy] l'kL= lhek cy] vle jkbQYl] dsUnzh; vkjf{kr iqfyl cy] jSfiM ,D'ku QkslZ rFkk jkT; ds
lqj{kk cyA
15 vad
2&j{kk
j{kk dh f}rh; iafDr % jk"Vh; dSMsV dksj] jk"Vh; jkbQYl] izknsf'kd lsukA
05 vad
3&l'kL=
l'kL= lsuk dh p;u izf;k ,oa izf'k{k.k % Hkkjrh; LFky lsuk] ukSlus k ,oa ok;q lsuk ds izos'k dh p;u izf;k] vgZrk
'krsZa ,oa izf'k{k.k dsUnz % Hkkjrh; j{kk vdkneh] [kMxoklyk] Hkkjrh; lSU; vdkneh] nsgjknwu vkfnA
25 vad
4&ds
dsUnz ,oa jkT; Lrj ij lapkfyr vklwpuk laLFkk;sa Intelligence Agencies % ns'k dh lqj{kk esa vklwpuk ra= dk
egRo] bfrgkl ,oa orZeku esa lapkfyr vklwpuk laLFkkvksa dh vk/kkfjr tkudkjhA
10 vad
5&Hkkjrh; lqj{kk esa O;fDrxr lqj{kk ,tsafl;ksa dh Hkwfedk
05 vad
iz'u&i=&r`rh;
dk;Z LFkyh; LokLF; ,oa lqj{kk mik;
iw.kkZad % 60
1&[krjksa ls lEcfU/kr tksf[ke dk vkdyuA
40 vad
dk;ZLFkyh; LokLF; dh izkoLFkk;sa ,oa lqj{kkRed j.kuhfrA
tksf[ke izcU/ku ds fofHkUu pj.kA
dk;ZLFky esa tksf[ke dh rhozrk dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdA
dk;ZLFky esa [krjksa ds vkdyu ls lEcfU/kr fopkj.kh; rRoA

259

2&dk;Z
dk;ZLFky esa [krjksa ls
ls lqj{kk ds mik;A

20 vad

vkikrdkyhu izfrf;k ds fofHkUu rRo


dk;ZLFky esa [krjksa ls lqj{kk ds fofHkUu lk/ku ,oa izHkkoh mik;A
iz'u&i=&prqFkZ
;q) esa foKku ,oa rduhdh
1&uohu
uohu lSU; rduhdh Hkkjr ds lUnHkZ esa

iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

funsZf'kr iz{ksik=ksa ds izdkj ,oa Hkkjr esa mudk fodklA


bysDVkfud ;q) iz.kkfy;k ,oa rduhdhA
bysDVkfud fojks/kh mik; Electronic Counter Measures
ladqyu Jamming % izdkj ,oa fof/k;kA
bysDVkfud fojks/kh&fojks/kh mik; bysDVkfud fojks/kh mik; Electronic Counter Counter Measures
2&Hkkjr
Hkkjr dh j{kk lkeF;Z ,oa mRiknu
20 vad
Hkkjr ds j{kk izfr"Bku ,oa vk;q) fuekZ.kh % mRiknu ,oa miyfC/k;k
Hkkjr dk j{kk vuql/a kku ,oa fodkl laxBu
3&Hkkjrh;
Hkkjrh; vUrfj{k dk;Ze ,oa miyfC/k;k
iz'u&i=&iape
ukxfjd lqj{kk
1&cpko
cpko jsLD;w

20 vad

iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

cpko dh vkikrdkyhu fof/k;k Emergency Method of Rescue


,d cpko drkZ }kjk] nks cpko drkZ }kjk] pkj cpko drkZ }kjk
bEizksokbTM LVspj&nks ckal ,oa ,d dEcy ls LVspj rS;kj djuk
ps Hkouksa ls ?kk;yksa dks fudkyuk Rescue from High Ris Building % ikoj eSu fyV] ps;j ukV]
nks jfLl;ksa ds lgkjs LVspj mrkjuk Sliding Stretcher on two parallel ropes] lh<+h ds lgkjs mrkjuk Sliding
Stretcher down the ladder] fgUt esFkM] Vw IokbUV esFkM] ykbax
2&foLFkkiu
foLFkkiu Evacuation
20 vad
gokbZ geys ;k vkink ds le; turk dks lqjf{kr LFkku ij ys tkukA
'kj.k LFkyksa dk fpUgkadu ,oa LFkkiuk
iwNrkN dsUnz dh LFkkiuk
foLFkkfirksa ds fy, Hkkstu ,oa oL= dh O;oLFkk
ifCyd ,Msl flLVe
3&lkeq
lkeqnkf;d iqfyflax Community Policing

20 vad

vke turk dk LFkkuh; iqfyl ls csgrj leUo;] 'kkfUr O;oLFkk ,oa vijk/k fu;U=.k esa iqfyl dks lg;ksx]
lEHkzkUr ukxfjdksa dh iqfyl ds lkFk cSBdA
vius xyh eksgYys esa lafnX/kksa ij utj j[kuk ,oa lafnX/k O;fDr@vfxze ?kVuk dh vk'kadk gksus ij ;Fkk le;
lwpuk iqfyl dks nsukA

260

eqgYyk lqj{kk lfefr;ksa dk xBu


jk"Vh; ioksZa dks lksYykl eukdj vke turk esa jk"Vh; ,drk dh Hkkouk dks tkx`r djukA
izk;ksfxd
400 vad
1&fudVorhZ j{kk izfr"Bku@v)Z lSfud cy eq[;ky;@vkradoknh fojks/kh izf'k{k.k dsUnz vkfn dk Hkze.k ,oa cVkfy;u Lrj
rd iz;qDr gksus okys j{kk vk;q/k@midj.k@lkexzh] j.kuhfr@lejrU= dk v/;;u ,oa fjiksVZ rS;kj djukA
2&fo|ky; ds LFkku dk ekufp= v/;;u ,oa ekufp= v/;;u esa iz;Dq r midj.k ;Fkk rjy f=ik'oZ n'khZ dk iz;ksxA
3&LFky lsuk@ukS lsuk@ok;q lsuk esa iz;qDr gksus okys midj.kksa ;Fkk VSad] ty;ku ,oa ;kSf)d foeku esa ekWMy ij
vk/kkfjr LikfVaxA
4&Nk=ksa }kjk d`f=e gokbZ geys ls cpko dk izn'kZu
5&foLFkkiu dh ekd fMy
6&Nk=ksa }kjk vfXu'keu ny] izkFkfed ,oa cpko ds rhu ny vyx&vyx cuok dj fMy djokbZ tk;A
midj.k
S.No.
1

Specifications
2

1.

Liquid Prismatic Compass MK-III A

2.

Toposheet (Gridded)

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

CCTV
Finger Print Scanner
Irish Scanner
Face Scanner
Door Scanner
Fire Party :
a. Pocket Line-12
b. Bucket-2
c. Helmet-16
d. Fireman Axe-2
First Aid Kit
Blanket-3
Stretcher-5
Spillers-One set
Torch-1
Tripod-12
Extension Ladder 35'-One
Rope-200' One
Rope-100'-One
Wooden Shaft-2
Iron Picket-2
Hammer-1
Pulley-1 (Single Sheaf)
Pulley-1 (Double Sheaf)
Snatch Clock-1

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

Rate
3
Rs. 6.000
Rs. 75

Supplier
4
Ordnance Factory Raipur,
Dehradun, (Uttarakhand)
Surveyor General of India,
Hathibarkala, Dehradun

261

bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs ds ikap iz'u&i= vkSj mudh izk;ksfxd ijh{kk gksxhA vadksa dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxkA
iw.kkZad
mRrh.kkZad
d lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u i=
60
20
f}rh; iz'u i=
60
20
r`rh; iz'u i=
60
300
20
100
prqFkZ iz'u i=
60
20
iape iz'u i=
60
20
[k izk;ksfxd
vkUrfjd ijh{kk
okg~; ijh{kk
izk;ksfxd ijh{kk esa ewY;kadu gsrq vadks dk forj.kA
S.N.

iw.kkZad
200
200

mRrh.kkZad
400

200

Practical

Marks
Allotted

1
2

dk;ZLFky dh foftV] fdlh ,d leL;k@fcUnq ij dsl LVMh vFkok vk[;k rS;kj djukA
50
j{kk lsukvksa }kjk iz;qDr ;kSf)d midj.k@vkink izcU/ku@ukxfjd lqj{kk esa iz;qDr gksus okys
50
midj.kksa dh LikfVVaxA
3
ukxfjd lqj{kk@vkink izcU/ku@izkFkfed mipkj dh ekWd fMy ;k ekWd VsLV
50
4
ekSf[kdh
50
;ksx - 200
uksV % ijh{kkkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'ui= esa U;wure 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,ao iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
izfr'kr vad ikuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

VsM&&39
&&39 eksckby fjis;fjax ikB~;e
1- lS)kfUrd
2- iz;ksxkRed
1& lS)kfUrd&&
izFke iz'u i=
f}rh; iz'u i=
r`rh; iz'u i=
prqFkZ iz'u i=
iape iz'u i=
2&iz;ksxkRed
vkUrfjd
okg~;

&
&

300 vad
400 vad
iw.kkZad
60
60
60
60
60

200 vad
200 vad

300

400

mRrh.kkZad
20
20
20
20
20

100

l=h; dk;Z ds vUrxZr izkstsDV lekfgr gSA

262

eksckby fjis;fjax
mn~ns';&f'k{kk
ds mUu;u ds fy, fd, tk jgs iz;ksx o lq/kkj uohu vo/kkj.kkvksa ij vk/kkfjr gS ftlds ifj.kke Lo:i
;&
f'k{kk esa lek;uqdwy xq.kkRed ,oa ek=kRed ifjorZu lkisf{kd vFkZ esa vk/kqfudrk ds izrhd jgs gSaA orZeku le; lwpuk lapkj dk
;qx gS] ftlesa eksckby fjis;fjax f'k{kk ds ek/;e ls lekt ds izR;sd oxZ dks jkstxkj o Lojkstxkj dh vlhe lEHkkouk, izzLrqr o
miyC/k djk jgk gSA bl fo"k; ds v/;;u o iz;ksx ls Nk=@Nk=k, rduhdh :i ls vkRefuHkZj cu ldrs gSaA
fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa m|ferk ds xq.kksa dk fodklA
fo|kfFkZ;ksa esa jkstxkj@Lojkstxkj dh vksj izsfjr djukA
eksckby 'kki dks eSust djukA
rduhf'k;u ds :i esa lQyrk iwoZd dk;Z djukA
mPpf'k{kk esa bldk iz;ksx djukA
izFke iz'ui=
csfld bysDVkfud eksckby ds lUnHkZ esa
iw.kkZad % 60
1- bysfDVkfuDl ds fl)kUr
20 vad
ijek.kq lajpuk] vkos'k Hole, ds lUnHkZ esa lkekU; Kku] Semi Conductor Material (P type, N type), Diode,
Zenor Diode, Trasistor, Mosfet dh dk;Z iz.kkyhA Rectifier circuit (Semi, full, Bridge Rectifier), Resistance
Colour Coding, Fundamental of Bands.
2- Integrated Ciruit ds fl)kUr
20 vad
Semi Conductor Material, P type & N type doping Basic circuit board, IC, PCB, RAM, ROM,
Analog vkSj Digital Singnal ds chp esa vUrj Binary Coding.
3- Communication System lapkj i)fr dk ifjp;
20 vad
Logic Gates, Moduling techniques, Amplitude Modulation, Frequency modulation, Time division,
Multiplexing, GSM, technique, CDMA rduhd] f}rh; vkSj r`rh; tujslu dk ifjp;A
Smart Phone dk ifjp;A

f}rh; iz'ui=
Hardware Hkkx&1
iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

1- eksckby ds eq[; Hkkx&1


lkekU; tkudkjh&Ringer, Vibrator, Microphone, Speaker, Keypad, Scrolling switch, Joy Stick, LCD
vkSj LED dk ifjiFk vkSj dk;Ziz.kkyhA cSVjh ds izdkj] Battery connector vkSj pkftZax Connector dh tkudkjhA
2- eksckby ds eq[; Hkkx&2
20 vad
fo|qr izcU/ku] izkslslj] csl cSaM izkslslj] pktZ lfdZV] vkj0 ,Q0 lfdZV] eseksjh dhiSM cSdsykbV] vkfM;ks] CywVwFk jsfM;ks]
Vh&ySl dkMZ] dSejk ekM~;wy] X601 lsUlj dk dusDVjA
3- eksckby dh Accessories
20 vad
fofHkUu izdkj ds dSejk dk mi;ksx] Blue Tooth vkSj Wi-Fi-, Ear Piece, Multimedia i)fr VGA vkSj Mega
Pixel dh tkudkjh Outer data interface, Card reader vyx&vyx izdkj dh ICs dh igpku vkSj mldh tkudkjhA
r`rh; iz'ui=
Hardware Hkkx&2
iw.kkZad % 60
1- gkMZos;j dh dfe;ksa dk fuLrkj.k
20 vad
iz;ksx fd,s tkus okys ?kVdksa dh 'kq)rk dh tkp djuk vkSj mudk Specificationer ls Diode, Zenor diode,
Resistor, Capacitor, Indutor) SMD vkSj muds Hkkxksa dk ijh{k.k djukA SMD parts dks cnyus esa iz;ksx dh tkus okyh
lko/kkfu;kA BGA rFkk IC dh Rebalance installations.

263

2- eksckby rduhdh esa iz;ksx gksus okys midj.kks


20 vad
midj.kksa dh tkudkjh
cSVjh cwLVj vkSj gkWV ,;j xu dh dk;Ziz.kkyh vkSj mudk mi;ksxA fofHkUu izdkj ds Soldering midj.kksa dk iz;ksx
djds Soldering desoldering djukA Jumpering rduhd] fpi ysoy fjis;j djukA Single layer vkSj Multilayer PCB
dk ifjp;A
3- eksckby dh vU; leL;kvksa dk fuLrkj.k
20 vad
fledkMZ dh leL;k (ERROR SIM or INSERT SIM) Mobile dk Automatically turn off gksuk] Network
dh leL;k (NOT SHOWING NETWORK BAR)
fofHkUu lans'k dk fMLIys&
CALL ENDED
gksuk vkSj mldk vFkZ&
LEMITED SERVICE
NO ACCESS
EMERGENCY CALL
NO NETWORK FOUND
NO SERVICE
CALL FAILED
SEARCHING
DEAD HANDSET (TOTAL DEAD WATER LOCK),
Problem in Hands Free Socket vkSj LED dh leL;kA fofHkUu izdkj ds eksckby lsV ds QhplZ dk rqyukRed

v/;;u (NOKIA, LG, SAMSUNG)


prqFkZ iz'ui=
Software

iw.kkZkkZad % 60
1- QkesZfVax (Formating)
20 vad
QkesZfVax fdls dgrs gSa\ bldk vFkZ] blds fy, iz;qDr vko';d funsZ'k] vkUrfjd o okg~; eseksjh QkesZfVax ds vko';d
tkudkjh] fofHkUu izdkj ds gSaMlsV dh QkesfZ Vax ds fy, vko';d funsZ'k] fHkUu izdkj ds vkijsfVax flLVe dks QkesZV djus dh fof/kA
2- MkmuyksfMax o bUlVkys'ku
20 vad
fjaxVksu] flaxVksu] xse] okyisij duoVZj] Qkby] MsD'kujh bR;kfn dh MkmuyksfMax b.VjusV ,oa CywVwFk dh lgk;rk ls
MkmuyksfMax o bUlVkys'ku esa vko';d lko/kkfu;k ,oa funsZ'kA
3- vuykfdax
20 vad
fle ykWd] Qksu ykWd] izkbosalh ykWd dh dk;Zfof/k ,oa ykWfdax dk o.kZu] flsV dksM dk iz;ksx] vkbZ Qksu vuykfdaxA
iape iz'ui=
vR;k/kqfud eksckby rduhdh
iw.kkZad % 60
1- Single Band/Dual Band/Trai band dh tkudkjh
20 vad
Mobile dh {kerk] eksckby ds fofHkUu ekWMy vkSj muds izdkj dk rqyukRed v/;;u] CDMA vkSj GSM dh
dk;Ziz.kkyh ds chp esa rqyukRed v/;;uA Secret Code dk bLrsekyA
2- vR;k/kqfud rduhd&1
20 vad
Dongles Upgradation, Complete Software repairing using advance Dongles (On Line/Off Line),
SMD Station Practice, Safety technique on replacing SMD parts, Mobile Technique esa Voice Singat
Structure dk fooj.kA Android dk mi;ksxA

264

3- vR;k/kqfud rduhd dk;Ziz.kkyh o fuLrkj.k&2

20 vad

vR;k/kqfud uohure Features o Application


tEQj rduhd o lsfVax
vR;k/kqfud Trouble Shooting rduhd dk iz;ksx o dk;Ziz.kkyh
fofHkUu izdkj ds enjcksMZ uohure dh dk;Ziz.kkyh
ESD lqj{kk
gkMZos;j o lkVos;j rduhd dk fuLrkj.k
VSfdax ls fuLrkj.k
iz;ksxkRed ikB~;e dh lwph
1- gkMZos;j
1- tEifjax rduhd
2- Lw Mkboj] lksYMfjax ,oa vk;fjax dk iz;ksx
3- fofHkUu lsD'ku dh lfdZV dh psfdax pkftZax] dh iSM lsD'ku] fMLIys lsD'ku] Lihdj] dSejk] ekbd vkfnA
4- fofHkUu izdkj dh cSVjh igpku o ekiuA
5- eksckby ds L.C.D. rFkk L.E.D. dks yxkukA
6- fofHkUu izdkj ds eSeksjh dh igpku djukA
2- lkVos;j
1- fofHkUu izdkj ds lkVos;j] fjax Vksu] flax Vksu vkfn dks MkmuyksM djukA
2- Qkbyksa dks VkalQj djukA (P.C. to Mobile)
3- P.U.K. dksM ,oa ikloMZ rksM+uk
4- bUVjusV ds iz;ksx ls fofHkUu izdkj ds u;s Qhpj dks tksM+uk ,oa Mkmu yksM djukA
5- Cyw VwFk] okbZ&QkbZ o vU; u;s rduhdksa dk iz;ksx djukA
izkstsDV dh lwph
lkVos;j
1- fjaxVksu o flaxVksu dk rqyukRed v/;;u djukA
2- fofHkUu izdkj ds ykfdax o vuykfdax dk iz;ksxA
3- lsV dks vlsEcy djukA
4- lqj{kk o izcU/kuA
5- bUVjusV dk iz;ksxA
gkMZos;j
1- LCD dh xq.koRrk ,oa ykHkA
2- LED dh xq.koRrk ,oa ykHkA
3- tEQfjax rduhd o mudh dk;Zfof/kA
4- ikoj dsfcy lIykbZ dh dk;Z fof/k ,oa blds ykHkA
5- b.VjusV dh dk;Z fof/k o muds ykHkA
uksV %&
mijksDr izkstsDV ds vfrfjDr fo"k; ls lEcfU/k v/;kid@v/;kfidk;sa u, izkstsDV Hkh tksM+ ldrs gSaA

265
Mobile Repairing Tools
1. Screw Driver (Kit)
2. Multi meter
3. Soldering Iron
4. Magnifier
5. Hot Air Gun/SMD
6. Soldering Paste
7. Chimti
8. Brush
9. Faceplate
10. Suction Cup
11. Connector
12. Cable
13. Block Diagram of Different Mobile Set
14. Books (Mobile Repairing & Maintenance)
15. Computer System (For Installing/Downloading Software, Ringtone, Sing tone & Driver etc.)
16. Cleanner
17. Nose Plass
18. Plucker.

VsM&40&i;ZVu ,oa vkfrF; ikB~;e


1- lS)kfUrd
2- iz;ksxkRed
1- lS)kfUrd
izFke iz'u i=
f}rh; iz'u i=
r`rh; iz'u i=
prqFkZ iz'u i=
iape iz'u i=
2- iz;ksxkRed
vkUrfjd ewY;kadu
okg~; ewY;kadu

300 vad
400 vad
izkIrkad
60 vad
60 vad
60 vad
60 vad
60 vad

300

200 vad
400
200 vad
izFke iz'ui=
i;ZVu ,oa vkfrF; m|ksx&ifjp;

U;wure
20 vad
20 vad
20 vad
20 vad
20 vad

100

200

iw.kkZad % 60
1- vkokl&vo/kkj.kk] izdkj] :i o egRo] Hkkjr esa i;ZVd vkokl dh cnyrh vko';drk,A gksVyksa dk bfrgkl o izdkj]
gksVy m|ksx dk fodkl] gksVy m|ksx esa lkoZtfud rFkk futh {ks= dh HkwfedkA
20 vad
An Introduction to Tourism & Hospitality Industry

Accomodation : Concept, Types, Form and Significance, Changing pattern of Accomodation


Needs in India. History of Hotels, Types of Hotels, Growth of Hotel Industry, Role of Public and
Private Sector in Hotel Industry.

266

2- Hkkjr esa i;ZVu o vkfrF; m|ksx ds fodkl esa rduhdh dh Hkwfedk] dEI;wVjhd`r vkj{k.k ykHk rFkk lhek,A 20 vad
Role of Technology in growth of Tourism and Hospitality Industry in India. Computerized
Reservation System-Advantage and Limitations.

3- i;ZVu ,oa vkfrF; m|ksx esa uSfrd ,oa fof/kd eqn~nsA

20 vad

Ethical and Legal's sues Tourism and Hospitality Industry.

f}rh; iz'ui=
;k=k ,oa i;ZVu esa vk/kkj ikB~;e
Fundamentals of Travel & Tourism

1- Hkkjr esa ;krk;kr ds izeq[k lk/kku&

iw.kkZad % 60
20 vad

Major Transportation Systems in India-

v ok;q;krk;kr&izeq[k ljdkjh rFkk izkbosV ,vj ykbUl


Air Transport&Main Public and Private Air Lines.

c ize[q k i;ZVd jsyxkfM+;k&iSysl vku g~ohy] Msdu vksMhlh] cqf)LV Lis'ky vkfnA
Major Tourist Trains-Palace on Wheels, Deccan Odyssy, Buddhist special etc.

l lM+d ;krk;kr lkekU; ifjp;


Road Transport-General Introduction.

2- i;ZVu esa mHkjrs gq, vk;ke rFkk izo`fRr;k&

20 vad

Emerging Dimension and Trends in TourismMICE i;ZVu] O;kolkf;d i;ZVu] fpfdRlk] [ksy rFkk fo'ks"k :fp i;ZVu vkfnA
MICE (Meeting, Incentive, Conference, Exhibition), Business Tourism, Medical Tourism, Sports
Tourism and special Area Interest Tourism etc.

3- i;ZVu laxBu

20 vad

Tourism Organisations.

Hkkjr ljdkj i;ZVu ea=ky; rFkk mRrj izns'k i;ZVu dk laf{kIr ifjp;A fo'o i;ZVu laxBu (WTO),
International Association of Travel Agents dk laf{kIr ifjp;A (IATA) TAAI (Travel Agents
Association of India) vkSj IATO (Indian Association of Tour Operators) o FHRAI (Federation of
Hotel & Restaurant Association of India) dk laf{kIr ifjp;A
r`rh; iz'ui=
;k=k ,oa i;ZVu % O;olk; rFkk lapkyu
Travel and Tourism : Business & Operation
iw.kkZad % 60
1- iSdst Vwj dh vo/kkj.kk] ifjHkk"kk, ykHk rFkk lhek,A VsyjesM rFkk jsMhesM ;k=kA vkbfVujsjh cukukA Vwj dkWfLVaxA
;k=k nLrkost@vfHkys[k&ohtk] ikliksVZ] LokLF; chek] ;k=k chek] cSxst fu;e] VSDl rFkk vU;A
20 vad
Package Tour-Concept, Definition, Advantage and limitations Tailor made and Readymade
Tours. Itinerary Preparation. Tour Costing.
Travel Documents : Visa, Passport, Health Insurance, Travel Insurance, Baggage Rules. Tax
related formalities etc.

2- xkbMksa vkSj ;k=k ekxZ funsZ'kdksa dh ifjHkk"kk] xkbM dh Hkwfedk] xkbfMax ,d rduhd] ;k=k dk ekxZ funsZ'kuA i;ZVu
lwpuk fofHkUu lzksr&lwpuk dk egRo lwpuk ds lzksr ljdkjh ,tsfl;k] futh ,tsafl;k izpkj ek/;eA
20 vad
Guides and Escorts-Concept, Definition, Role of Guides, Guiding-a Technique, Escorting.
Tourist Information-Different Sources & their significance-Government Agencies Private
Agencies publicity media.

267

3- Vsosy ,tsUlh] gksVy] ,vj ykbUl ifjogu rFkk i;ZVu ds vU; ?kVdksa esa vkilh lEcU/k rFkk O;oLFkkA i;ZVu O;olk;
esa gks jgs cnyko rFkk pqukSfr;ksa dk v/;;uA
20 vad
Linkages & Arrangement with hotels, airlines and transport agencies and other segments of
tourism sector.
Study of changing pattern and challenges in tourism sector.

prqFkZ iz'ui=

iw.kkZad % 60

gkml dhfiax&House Keeping


1- Introduction to Front Office- QzaV vkWfQl dk ifjp;

10 vad

Organization- laxBu
Duties and Responsibilities- dk;Z ,oa ftEesnkfj;k
Various Sections- fofHkUu izdkj ds vuqHkkx
2- Cleaning Equipment- lQkbZ ds midj.k

20 vad

Cleaning Agents- lQkbZ esa dke vkus okys inkFkZ


Stain Removal- /kCcksa dks NqM+kuk
Cleaning Procedure- lQkbZ dh izf;k
Linen- fyuu
Laundry- yk.Mh
House Keeping Terminology- gkmldhfiax 'kCnkoyh
3- Uniform Room- ;wuhQkeZ d{k

20 vad

Types of Services : (Morning, Evening, Second, Maid Cart)- lfoZl ds izdkj lqcg] 'kke] f}rh;]
esM dkVZ
Types of Rooms- d{k ds izdkj
Public Area- lkoZtfud LFky
Weekly/Seasonal Cleaning Procedure- lkIrkfgd@ekSleh lQkbZ izf;k
4- V.I.P. Room Arrangements- oh0vkbZ0ih0 d{k O;oLFkk

10 vad

Par Stok : ikj LVkWd


Pest Control : isLV fu;a=.k
Waste desposal : vif'k"V fuLrkj.k
iape iz'ui=

iw.kkZad % 60

Food & Beverage Production

1- Introduction to Food Production- [kk| mRiknu dk ifjp;


Organization Chart-laxBu ys[kk fp=
Duties & responsibilites-dk;Z vkSj ftEesnkfj;k

12 vad

268

Layout of Kitchen (Small, large)-fdpsu ysvkmV NksVs o cM+s


Utencils and Equipment-crZu o midj.k
2- Definition of Cooking- idkus dh fof/k;k

12 vad

Types of Herbs, Spices, Seeds-gClZ ds izdkj] elkys] cht


Stock-LVkWd
Sauce-lkWl
Vegetable cuts-lfCt;ksa ds dV
3- Egg Cookery- ,x dqdjh

24 vad

Fish (Selection, cut,Types)-eNyh p;u] dV] izdkj


Poultry (Selection, Cut, Types)-iksYVh p;u] dV] izdkj
Mutton (Selection, cut, Types)-eVu p;u] dV] izdkj
Sausages-lkWlst
Sandwich-lSUMfop
Salad-lykn
Dressing and Seasoning-Msflax o lhtfuax
Bakery & Confectionery-csdjh o dUQsD'kujh
Recipes (Indian & Continental)-jslhih Hkkjrh; o dkWUVhusUVy
4- Menu Planning-eSU;w ;kstuk

12 vad

Catering Cycle-dSVfjax p
Singnificance of Uniforms in Kitchen-fdpu esa ;wfuQkeZ dk egRo
Food & Beverage Production Terminology-[kk| o is; mRiknksa dh 'kCnkoyh
Instructions for Practical
Each student shall go on the Industrial job training in an industry like hotel, air lines, travel
agencies, museaum Govt. Tourism Office etc for 4 to 6 weeks. The student will get a certificate from
training providers and will prepare a detailed Report of training which will be evaluated for Max 50 Marks
by external examiner in the presence of Internal examiner Viva Voce on the job training report will be for
max 50 marks and that will be conducted by External Examiner in the presence of Internal Examiner.
Practical on the spot on hotel/Catering/Tourism etc. will be carried out for max 100 marks by
external examiner.
For Internal examination-5 periodical Tests/Practical/assignments etc. may be held as per college
convenience at certain regular interval for max 20 Marks each, total 100 marks. While a detailed dissertation
work assigned by Internal Examiner will be submitted by students and it will be evaluated for max 100
marks.
External
Exam

Internal
Exam

Summary of Practical Exam


- Industrial Training Report
- Viva on Report
On the spot Practical
Total =
Periodical Test 5 @ 20 marks
Dissertation work
Total=

50
50
100
200
100
100
200

269
Suggestions for Practical/Assignment
Dissertation work may be done on the theme of Govt. policies related with hotel, airlines, travel
trade etc. Museums, Fort, Palaces, tourist attractions, fairs & Festival, Kumbha Mela, Ganga, Yamuna,
Golden Triangle, World Haritage Sites, Histroical monuments, Heritage Hotels, Amusement Parks, Wild life
National Parks, Bird Sancturary, Sport Tourism (Common wealth Games, formula 1 Race), Olympic etc.
Other on the spot practical/Test may include Practicals related with Food production, service, Food
and Bevarage, House keeping or making of tourism brouchures (Graphic & hand made), any model or
exhibition or chart, photography, videography (Audio visual) presentation of tourism product, event,
activities etc.

iz;ksxkRed dk;Z
[A]

1234567[B]

400 vad

House Keeping

fofHkUu izdkj ds lrg ij Dyhfuax ,tsUVksa dk iz;ksxA


czklksa djukA
csM esfdaxA
Mh0,u0Mh0 :e dks gSafMy djukA
ekWfuZax lfoZl] bZofuax lfoZl vkSj lsds.M lfoZl
Mh0,y0 :e izksfltj
Lost & Found izksfltj

Food Production

12345678-

fofHkUu izdkj ds dV n'kkZuk fQ'k] eVu] fpdu


ikp dkslZ eSU;w 4 yksxksa ds fy, cukukA
fofHkUu lykn cukuk jf'k;u
d<+kbZ iuhj] eykbZ dksrk] eVj iuhj] 'kkgh iuhj] fpdu nks I;ktk] eVu jksxu tks'k] rUnqjh fpdu bR;kfnA
lwi cukuk] fpd] VkseSVks] eqyxRokuh bR;kfnA
dsd] fcLdqV] czsM bR;kfnA
QzwV iap] 'ksd] ekWdVsy] bR;kfnA
cst eUpwfj;u] LohV rFkk lkWj [kV~Vk lwi cukuk bR;kfnA
midj.kksa dh lwph
[A] FOOD PRODUCTION

1. Three burner cooking range


2. Chinese cooking range
3. Tandoor
4. Single burner cooking range
5. 3 or 4 Stainless Steel Tables
6. A Salamander
7. A Griller
8. A Toaster
9. An Oven
10. Chopping Boards
11. Different Types of Knives

270
[B] FOOD & BEVERAGE SERVICES
1. 3 or 4 Restaurant Table Lay out with chair, Table Cloths, Naprons, serviette, Cruet set, Bud
Vases.
2. Different types of Crockery like full plates, Quarter plates, Dessert plates, Cups & Saucers, Cutler
like AP Spoon, AP knives, AP Forks, Tea Spoon, Dessert spoons & Dessert Forks, Glass wares
like Water Goblets, Hi-Balls, Juice Glasses, Beer Goblet, Pilsner, Roly Poly, OTR Glass, Brandy
Balloon, tom Collins, Red Wine Glass, White wine Glass, Champagne Sauceer, Champagne
Tulip, etc.
3. A side station.
4. Some bottles of wines, scoeches, Rum, Gin, Vodka and Beer (for demo purpose and to show the
service styles)
5. A peg measures
6. A wine opener, bottle openers
[C] FRONT OFFICE
1. 5 wall clocks for different country timings
2. A reception counter where students can stand keep the front office documents.
3. A computer.
[D] HOUSE KEEPING
1. Some brooms and brushes.
2. Mops with handle.
3. Vacuum cleaner.
4. Some detergents and chemicals for washing and cleaning purpose.
5. Maids trolley for housekeeping training and to keep the items.
6. Glass cleaner/Toilet Cleaner things.
[E] HOSPITALITY, TRAVEL & TOURISM
1. Map-India world and local maps.
2. Related Guide Book.
3. Camera-still and Video.
4. List and photo of fort. palace, historical monuments, National park and bird sanctuary.

O;olkf;d oxZ
vf/kdre vad % 400
U;wure mRrh.kkZad % 200
okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu&200 vad
d nks cM+s iz;ksx&cM+s iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls ,d&,d 240
[k nks NksVs iz;ksx&NksVs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls ,d&,d 220
x ekSf[kdh % iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ij
?k izSfDVdy uksVcqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa dk ladyu
vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu&200 vad
d l=h; dk;Z
l=h; dk;Z foHkktu %
i mifLFkfr vuq'kklu
ii fyf[kr dk;Z
iii nks o"kksZa esa ikp VsLV fy, tk;sxa s 510
iv ekSf[kdh
[k vkS|ksfxd izfr"Bkuksa ,oa 'kS{kf.kd Hkze.k }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij

le;
fu/kkZfjr vad
80 vad
40 vad
40 vad
40 vad
100 vad
10 vad
20 vad
50 vad
20 vad
100 vad

271

O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk


O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s
tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad okg~; ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA

VsM&41&
&41&vkbZ0Vh0@vkbZ0Vh0bZ0,l0
mn~ns';
vkt ds foKku txr esa lwpuk ,oa lapkj izkS|ksfxdh dk vHkwriwoZ LFkku gSA lwpuk ,oa lapkj izkS|ksfxdh ds fofHkUu vk;ke
lkekftd :i ls izfrLFkkfir gks pqds gSaA tSls eksckby bUVjusV vkfnA ns'k dks fMftVy bafM;k dk Lo:i nsus esa budk fo'ks"k ;ksxnku
vo';EHkkoh gSA lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ewyr% O;ogkfjd Kku ij vk/kkfjr gS ,oa blds vusdksa mi;ksx fo'oO;kih gSA
jkstxkj ds volj
lwpuk ,oa izkS|ksfxdh ikB~;e ds ek/;e ls lekt ds izR;sd oxZ dks jkstxkj ,oa Lojkstxkj dh] vlhfer lEHkkouk;sa cu
ldrh gSaA bl fo"k; ds v/;;u o iz;ksx ls Nk=@Nk=k;sa rduhdh :i ls vkRefuHkZjcu ldrs gSaA mnkgj.k Lo:i lkVos;j
dEifu;ksa esa rduhdh lnL; ds :i esa ;ksxnku nsuk] fctusl ekdsf Vax esa jkstxkj ds volj bR;kfnA
ikB~;e
bl VsM esa rhu&rhu ?k.Vs dk ikap iz'u i= vkSj iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk Hkh gksxhA vadks dk foHkktu fuEuor~ gksxk&
lS)kfUrd
iw.kkd
mRrh.kkd
1&izFke iz'u i=
60
20
2&f}rh; iz'u i=
60
20
300
100
3&r`rh; iz'u i=
60
20
4&prqFkZ iz'u i=
60
20
5&iape iz'u i=
60
20
iz;ksxkRed
dqy 400 vadks dh gksxhA vadks dk foHkktu fuEuor~ jgsxk&
1 vkUrfjd ijh{kk
&
200 vad
2 okg; ijh{kk
&
200 vad
Vhi
ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks izR;sd fyf[kr iz'u i= esa U;wure mRrh.kkd 20 rFkk ;ksx esa 33 izfr'kr vad ,oa iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk esa 50
izfr'kr mRrh.kkd ikuk vko';d gSA

izFke iz'u&i=
lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh
,MokUl
iw.kkZad % 60
bdkbZ&1
20 vad
vkWijsfVax flLVe dk mn~ns'; ,oa dk;Z] vkWijsfVax flLVe dk mn~Hko] vk/kqfud vkWijsfVax flLVe dk fodkl] ekbkslkV
foaMkst dk ifjp;] ykbusDl ,UMkW;M] cwfVax izkWlslA
bdkbZ&2
20 vad
LizsMlhV] CySd
a vFkok u;h odZcqd dks [kksyuk] lkekU; laxBu] gkbykbV~l ,oa esu QaD'kUl] gkse] bUlVZ] ist ysvkmV]
lw=ksa] ,Dlsl gsYi QaD'ku dk mi;ksx] Dohd ,lsl Vwyckj dh dLVekbftax djuk] VsEiYV~sl dk iz;ksx djuk vkSj cukuk] jkbV
ekml fDyd] lsfoax] ist lsV vi ,oa fizafVax] gsMj ,oa QqVj~ l dk iz;ksxA

272

bdkbZ&3

20 vad
ikoj IokabV izLrqrhdj.k] ewyHkwr izLrqrhdj.k dks cukuk vkSj fcfYMax CykWDl djukA VsDlV] Fkhe ,oa LVkbYl] pkV~lZ]
xzkl ,oa VscYl ds lkFk dk;Z djukA
f}rh; iz'u&i=
I T buscy lfoZlslls

,MokUl
iw.kkZad % 60
bdkbZ&1
20 vad
,Dlsl csfld~l] MkVkcsl lajpuk] VscYl] dht] fjdkMZ esa :ikUrj.k] MkVkcsl dk fuekZ.k] D;wjht ifjHkkf"kr djuk] D;wjht
cukuk ,oa :ikUrfjr djuk] efYViy Vscy D;wjht dks cukukA
bdkbZ&2
20 vad
QkeZl ,oa fjiksV~Zl] QkeZ ij dk;Z] lkWVZ] fjVho] MkVk fo'ys"k.k] fjiksVZ ij dk;Z] vU; ,fIydslu ij ,lslA
bdkbZ&3
20 vad
ICT ,oa ,fIyds'ku] dE;qfuds'ku ra= dk ifjp;] fMokblst] lqfo/kk,a ,oa fofHkUu fMokblst dh rqyukA
r`rh; iz'u&i=
osc izksxzkfeax

,MokUl
iw.kkZad % 60
bdkbZ&1
20 vad
vkctsDV~l] Dyklst ,oa esFkM~l] dU'kVfDVax vkCtsDV~l] vkCtsDV fjQsjsUlst] tkok Dyklst] LVSfVd esFkM~l] LVSfVd QhYM]
Ldksi] fLVaXl dk ifjp;] esFkM~l] esFkM vksoj yksfMax] dUlVDVj vksoj yksfMax] fnl this dk iz;ksxA
bdkbZ&2
20 vad
,Dlsi'ku] gSUMfyax] ,Dlsi'ku dk egRo] Fkzksbxa ,Dlsi'ku] psDM ,oa vupsDM ,Dlsii'ku] QkbZy ,oa LVhDl] LVhDl]
jhMlZ ,oa xzSfQDl dk ifjp;A
bdkbZ&3
20 vad
vk/kqfud tkok] tkok chUl ,oa ,IysVl~ ] tkok] MkVk csl dusDVhfoVhA

prqFkZ iz'u i=
IT fctus
'ku
fctusl ,fIyds'ku
,MokUl
bdkbZ&1
lkbcj lqj{kk] usVodZ ,oa VkUlsd'ku lqj{kk esa lkbcj lqj{kk ds b'kwt] fIVksxzSQh ,oa fIVkukyhfll]
flesfVd ,oa ifCyd dh (Key) fIVksxzkQh flLVe] vFksfUVds'ku izksVksdky] fMftVy izek.k i=] fMftVy gLrk{kj]
bZ&esy lqj{kkA
bdkbZ&2
bZ&cSfdax ds ifjp;] NEFT, RTGS, Qkjsu VsM] eksckby cSfdax vkSj bZ cSfdax ds lqj{kk rF;A
bdkbZ&3
eSusftj;y fcgsfo;j dk laxBukRed izk:i] Lrj dk vkxsZukbts'kuy] dkef'kZ;y ifjp;A

iw.kkd 60

20 vad
20 vad
20 vad

273

iape iz'u i=
vk/kqfud lapkj rU=
bdkbZ&1

iw.kkd 60

lkbcj ykWt (Cyber laws) dk ifjp;] Hkkjr esa lkbcj ykW osc esa lqj{kk lEHkkouk] fctusl
vksfj,UVsM ,izksp vkQ bQsfDVo osclkbV~lA

20 vad

bdkbZ&2
ok;ysl lapkj ra= dk ifjp;] lsyqyj fopkj/kkjk] eksckby] jsfM;ks] izksisxs'ku] GSM usVodZ vkfdZVsDpj]
eksckby MkWVk usVodZl] CDMA fMftVy lsyyq j LVS.MMZA

20 vad

bdkbZ&3
XML dk ifjp;] UV ist@MheO;woj (Dream Vivewer) fMtkbu djuk yS'k ds enn ls ,fues'ku
dk ifjp; rS;kj djuk] osc ifCyf'kax ,oa osclkbV gksfLVaxA

20 vad

;ksxkRed
400 vad
1&Excel dk foLr`r iz;ksxkRed v/;;u dksj@CywA
2&ikoj IokabV dk foLr`r iz;ksxkRed v/;;uA
3&JAVA dk iz;ksx djrs gq;s ljy izksxzkfeax djuk vkSj ijh{k.k djukA
midj.kksa dh lwph
gkMZos;j&
j&
& dEI;wVj
& fizUVj
&LdSuj
& ekWMe
& bUVjusV dusD'ku
& UPS
lkVos;j&Windows vkSj ykbusDl vkWijsfVax flLVe&
& MS Office
& JAVA
& HTML bR;kfnA

274

O;kolkf;d oxZ
U;wure vad&200

vf/kdre vad&400
le;
ok ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu&200 vad
fu/kkZfjr vad
d nks cM+s iz;ksx&cM+s iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls ,d&,d 2 40A
80 vad
[k nks NksVs iz;ksx&Nks
40 vad
& Vs iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds izR;sd [k.M ls ,d&,d 2 20A
x ekSf[kdh iz;ksxksa dh lwph ds vk/kkj ijA
40 vad
?k izSfDVy uksVcqd ,oa fofHkUu izi=ksa dk ladyuA
40 vad
vkUrfjd ijh{kd }kjk ewY;kadu&200
u&200 vad
d l=h; dk;Z
100 vad
l=h; dk;Z foHkktu&
i mifLFkfr vuq'kklu
10 vad
ii fyf[kr dk;Z
20 vad
iii nks o"kksaZ esa ikap VsLV fy, tk;sxa s 5 10A
50 vad
iv ekSf[kdh
20 vad
[k
100 vad
[k vkS|ksfxd izfr"Bkuksa ,oa 'kS{kf.kd Hkze.k }kjk iznRr Js.kh ds vk/kkj ij
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk
O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dh iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk gsrq tks fo|ky; iz;ksxkRed ijh{kk dsUnz fu/kkZfjr fd;s tk;saxs] mu fo|ky;ksa ds
lEcfU/kr fo"k;ksa ds v/;kid@iz/kkukpk;Z }kjk vkUrfjd ijh{kd :i esa O;fDrxr ijh{kkfFkZ;ksa dks ipkl izfr'kr vad iznku fd;s
tk;saxs] 'ks"k ipkl izfr'kr vad ok ijh{kd }kjk ns; gksaxsA
lfpo]
ek/;fed f'k{kk ifj"kn~]
mRrj izns'kA

ih0,l0;w0ih0&106 ek0f'k0i0&23-10-2015&25]000 iqLrdsa Mh0Vh0ih@vkQlsVA

275

eqnzd %
funs'kd] eqnz.k ,oa ys[ku&lkexzh] m0 iz0] bykgkckn
2015