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Foundations of Technology
Unit 4 Lesson 4: Troubleshooting
File 4.4.1: Basic Circuits Study Guide

Period:

Date:

Ohms Law:
Voltage (V) = Current (I) x Resistance (R)

Voltage is the electrical force that moves electrons through a conductor.


Current is the quantity or flow rate of electrons moving past a point.
Resistance is the force that reduces or stops the flow of electrons and
opposes voltage.
In a Series circuit, the current through two
or more resistors is the same, and the circuit is
connected in a series.
R = R1 + R2 + R3
In a Parallel circuit, the voltage through two or
more resistors is the same, and the circuit is
connected in parallel.
1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + 1/R3
Parts of the Electronics Kits:

2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators AssociationFoundations of Technology, Third


Edition /
Technology, Engineering, and Design

Parts of the Electronics Kit

Color Codes

Using
the

Breadboard
Connections are made across rows
Use both sides of the breadboard

Using the
Multimeter:
The multimeter can be used to measure voltage,
current and resistance

Use
the V with
straight
line to measure voltage

Use the omega symbol


to measure resistance

Use the A with a straight line


to measure current in Amps

2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators AssociationFoundations of Technology, Third


Edition /
Technology, Engineering, and Design