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Unidad 3 Etapa 3

Vocabulario

Describing the Weather


Que tiempo hace?
Esta nublado
Hace.
buen tiempo
calor
fresco
frio
mal tiempo

What is the
weather like?
It is cloudy
Its
nice outside
hot
cool
cold
bad outside

Hace
sol
viento
El grado
Llover (ue)
Lluvia
Nevar (ie)
La nieve

Its
sunny
windy
degree
to rain
rain
to snow
snow

El sol
El viento
La temperatura
El tiempo
La tormenta
El viento

sun
wind
temperature
weather
storm
wind

Seasons
Las estaciones
El invierno
El otoo
La primavera
El verano

seasons
winter
fall
spring
summer

Describing How You Feel


to be
Tener
hot
calor
cuidado careful
frio cold
miedo afraid
in a hurry
prisa
razon right
sueo sleepy
suerte lucky
Tener ganas de to feel like

Stating an Opinion
Creer

to think, to believe

Creo que si/no I think so / I dont


think so

Clothing and Accessories

Clothing
El abrigo
La bufanda
El gorro
El impermeable
Los shorts
El traje de bao

coat
scarf
cap
raincoat
shorts
bathing suit

Styles
Con rayas
De cuadros

striped
plaid, checked

Accessories
El bronceador

suntan lotion

Las gafas de sol

sunglasses

El paraguas

umbrella

Other words and Phrases


Sacar fotos

to take pictures

Tomar el sol

to sunbathe

El esqui

skiing

Places
El bosque forest
El desierto desert
El lago lake
El mar sea
mountain
La montaa
La playa beach
El rio river

Vegetation
El arbol

tree

La flor

flower

La planta

plant

Supplementary Voc.
El chapulin
El saltamontes
El grillo
El renacuajo
El sapo
Las verrugas

grasshopper
grasshopper
cricket
tadpole
toad
warts

Calor la primavera tomar el sol


sacar fotos
Cuidado el verano
la planta
abrigo
Frio
la bufanda
Miedo la flor
Prisa el arbol el impermeable
el traje de ban
Raonz el rio
Sueo la playa
Suerte la montaa
el mar
Tener ganas de
Las estaciones el lago
El invierno el desierto
El otono el bosque

Describing the Weather


To talk about weather, you will often use the verb hacer.

To talk about weather, you will often use the verb hacer.
Que tiempo hace? Whats it like out?
Hace (mucho) calor Its (very) hot

(mucho) fresco
(very) cool

(mucho) frio
(very) cold

(mucho) sol
(very) sunny

(mucho) viento
(very) windy

(muy) buen tiempo


(very) nice outside

(muy) mal tiempo


(very) bad outside

When you talk about wind or sun, you can


also use hay.
Hay. (mucho) sol
Its (very) sunny
(mucho) viento
(very) windy
Use the verbs LLover and nevar to say it is raining or
snowing. They are verbs with stem changes, just like
jugar and pensar.
Llueve mucho en el bosque tropical.
It rains a lot in the tropical rain forest.
Nieva mucho en Minnesota
It snows a lot in Minnesota

To say that its cloudy, use the


expression
est nublado.

No vamos a la playa porque esta nublado.


Were not going to the beach because its
cloudy.

Work on pages. 226 activity 5


Work on worksheet given
Work on page 227 activity 7

Special Expressions using tener


Remember: You learned to say that

someone is hungry or thirsty using the verb


tener. You also learned how to tell age using
tener.
You can use the verb tener in many
expressions.
to be (hot)
Tener calor
cuidado
careful

frio
cold

miedo
scared

prisa
in a hurry

razon
right

sueo
suerte

sleepy
lucky

Tener ganas de + infinitive


bailar
To feel like
cantar

Roberto says: Tengo suerte. Im lucky.


Ignacio says: Tengo prisa. Im in a hurry.
Activities: 11 and 12

Direct objects Pronouns

The direct object in a sentences receives the

action of the verb. Direct objects answer the


question whom? Or what? about the verb.
Nouns used as direct objects can be replaced by
pronouns.
Singular Plural
Me - me nos us
Te you (familiar)
masculine

los you, them


Lo you (formal) him, it
feminine
las you,
La you (formal), her, it
them

The direct object noun is placed


after the conjugated verb.
Robert answers
Diana says:
replaced by
-Pues, ya tienes ropa
-Claro que la
de verano.
Tengo.
You already have summer
Of course
clothing.
I have it
The direct object pronoun is placed
directly before the conjugated verb.

When an infinitive follows the conjugated verb, the direct

object pronoun can be placed.


Before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive.
Ignacio says:
Necesito sacar fotos del bosque. Y las quiero sacar hoy
mismo.
I need to take pictures of the rain forest. I want to take them
today.
He could also have said:
Necesito sacar fotos del bosque. Y quiero sacarlas hoy
mismo.
Activities: 14, 15, 16, and 17.

Say what is happening: present


progressive
When you want to say that an action is

happening now, use the present


progressive.
estamos esperando
Estoy esperando
Estas esperando
estan esperando
Esta esperando
Ignacio says -Esta lloviendo! Its raining
Roberto replies: - Te estamos esperando
Were waiting for you

To form this tense, use:


the present tense of the verb estar +

present participle
To form the present participle of a verb,
drop the ending of the infinitive and add
ando or iendo.

-ar verbs esperar


-er verbs comer
-ir verbs escribir
escribiendo

ando
iendo
iendo

esperando
comiendo

When the stem of an er or ir verb


ends in a vowel, change the iendo
to yendo.
leer
leyendo

oir
oyendo

creer
creyendo

Activities 19

Im running, -- estoy corriendo


Keimora is talking keimora esta
hablando

Aaron y Jeremiah are fighting


Aaron y Jeremiah estan peleando

You need
your books
in class
today

Present Progressive
Complete the following using the correct
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

form of estar and the correct endings to


the verb: ando, iendo, or yendo
Diana ______ ______ (comprar) ropa
Roberto y su hermano _______ ______
(hablar)
Luis _____ _____ (abrir) un libro
Paco y yo ______ _____(pasar) un rato
con los amigos
T _____ _____(bailar) con tus amigos
Nosotros ______ _____ (leer) una novela

7. Yo ______ ______ (ver) la television


8. Sus amigos ______ ______(oir) musica
9. Carlos ______ ______(escribir) una carta
10. La familia _____ _____ (comer)