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-Chapter 11-The North and

South Take Different Paths


-Chapter 12-An Age of Reforms

11.1 The Industrial Revolution (pages 382-387)

Define Industrial Revolution-

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? In what industry?

Richard Arkwright-

Define capitalists-

CHAPTERS 11 AND 12

How did Arkwright improve the factory system in 1790?


How

did Britain try to protect its success?

Who

sparked the Industrial Revolution in

the United States? How?


Francis
How

Cabot Lowell-

did Lowell organize his factory

differently than previous weaving factories?


Lowell
Eli

Girls-

Whitney-

Define
What

interchangeable parts-

effects did interchangeable parts

have on manufacturing and prices?


Describe

the use of child labor in factories.

Describe

the typical factory conditions.

11.2 The North Transformed


(pages 390-393)

What problems did cities face with the growth of


factories?

What was the telegraph?

Samuel F. B. Morse-

What is Morse Code?

Cyrus McCormick-

What invention did Elias Howe and Isaac Singer


invent? What effect did this have?

Robert Fulton-

CHAPTERS 11 AND 12

Describe the benefits of railroads.

11.4 The Challenges of Growth (pages 401-404)

What did Daniel Boone do in 1775?

When did Mississippi join the Union?

What was the first major turnpike in the United States?

Define corduroy roads-

Where did the National Road begin? By 1850, where did this road end?

Define canal-

What two bodies of water did the Erie Canal connect? How did the canal affect
New York City?

11.3 The Plantation South (pages 396-400)

What two events led to explosion of cotton production and slave labor in the
South?

Who developed a successful cotton gin?

How much faster could a worker clean cotton with the cotton gin?

What was the growth rate of slave population from 1790 to 1860?

How were free African Americans rights limited?

Norbert Rillieux-

What were slave codes?

How were slaves treated?

How did slaves resist slavery?

Nat Turner-

12.2 The Fight Against Slavery (pages 422-426)

Define abolitionist-

William Lloyd Garrison-

Frederick Douglass-

CHAPTERS 11 AND 12

What was the Underground Railroad?

What did conductors do?

What were stations"?

How did supporters help?

Harriet Tubman-

Approximately how many people were led to freedom on the Underground


Railroad?

Why did abolitionists face opposition in the North?

What did southern Congressmen pass that blocked the discussion of slavery?

12.1 Improving Society (pages 416-419)

Define social reform-

CHAPTERS 11 AND 12

Reform
Movment
Temperance
Movement

What was it?


an organized
effort to end
alcohol abuse
and the problems
it created

Leaders/
Supporters
Women
American
Temperance
Society

Outcomes
Many favored
moderation
Prohibition-in the
1800s and again
in early 1900s

Prison Reform
Mentally Ill
Education

Horace Mann-

What did Pennsylvania do in 1854?

What did Massachusetts do in 1855?

12.3 A Call for Womens Rights (pages 427-430)

How were women limited in the 1820s?

Sojourner Truth-

Lucretia Mott-

Elizabeth Cady Stanton-

What happened to Mott and Stanton in London?

When did the Seneca Falls Convention take place? What was its main
purpose?

What did Stanton write that was similar to a founding U.S. document?
Define womens suffrage-

Define womens rights movement-

Susan B. Anthony-

What educational opportunities opened to women in the 1820s and 1830s?

What educational opportunities opened to women in the early to mid-1800s?

CHAPTERS 11 AND 12

Who was first woman to graduate from a


U.S. medical school?

When was a constitutional amendment


added that guaranteed women the right to
vote? What amendment was this?

CHAPTERS 11 AND 12