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Acid-Base Titration

The Purpose of the experiment:  Knowing a concentration of a unknown solution  Knowing the equivalents and the end point of the titration  Predict the type of solution used .

or titrand .Tools and Materials • burette • white tile • pipette • pH indicator  • Erlenmeyer or conical flask • titrant • analyte.

. and the conical flask with distilled water. • Place the standardized solution into the burette. the pipette with the unknown solution. and record the value on the burette. and indicate its initial volume in a lab notebook. along with a few drops of indicator. • standard solution in the burette dripped slowly into the analyte solution • Let the solution out of the burette until the indicator changes color. • Place an accurately measured volume of the analyte into the Erlenmeyer flask using the pipette.Titration Procedure • Rinse the burette with the standard solution.

) • The end point is reached when the indicator permanently changes color. (Subtracting the initial volume from the final volume will yield the amount of titrant used to reach the endpoint. . taking into account where the end point will roughly occur. this time more accurately.• Perform at least three more titrations. • Record the initial and final readings on the burette. respectively. prior to starting the titration and at the end point.

Conclusion : By using the titration methods we have been able to know the concentration of the unknown solution appropriately. can determine the equivalent point and the end point of the titration and can predict whether the unknown solution is a strong acid or weak acid or a strong base or weak base .