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Tyler Gandy

UWRT 1103
Homework for 1/19

“Sponsors of Literacy” Outline (Completed With Harrison Underwood)

a) Determining literacy
- Literacy through your ability in reading/ writing
- Literacies experienced thus far.
b) Literacy practices
- Facebook, Skype, Texting, reading books etc.
- Literacy Sponsors
c) Post steam press
- Resulted in a drop in literacy potential.
- Printing and Editing is no longer performed together.


1. Sponsors
a) They are the people that helped the most along the way with literacy learning
-Usually are older relatives, professors, military officials, parents, etc.
-Dependency on just one sponsor deeply affects how, what, and why you write and

2. Sponsorship and access
a) Background varies between each sponsored individual.
-affluent people have multiple connections with powerful literacy sponsors
-poor people have much fewer opportunities to link up with literacy sponsors.
 Ex: Background differences between Branch and Lopez.
3. Literacy Standards
a) High Standards
-Most people expected to accomplish more through literacy.
-dependency on literacy has increased over time.
 Ex: Dwayne Lowery traveling for work.

b) Correlation in the workspace
-A persons’ literacy must conform to the changes occurring in and outside of the
-Alteration of literacy when learning knew information based off of what you
already know.




a) Sponsors enable and hinder literacy activity by forcing the formation of new literary
requirements and decertifying older ones.
b) “Misappropriation” is possible during the teaching of literacy by a sponsor
a) When a skill is taught, that skill is appropriated into the lives of the student or the one
being sponsored
b) This is shown in the two narratives of the secretaries, Carol White and Sarah Steele
a) The teachers of literacy act as brokers between literacy’s buyers and sellers.
b) This means that these sponsors try and make sure that the teachers are appropriating a
good use of literacy

Questions for Discussion and Journaling
1. I believe that Malcolm’s intended audience would be those would like, such as his
sympathizers. I believe this is true, due to Malcolm X’s background, as well as the fact
that this article is an excerpt from his autobiography.


Malcolm X defines literacy as having the motivation to read and write and the
motivation to improve upon those skills. This differs from school-based literacy since it is
usually forced upon students to learn.

3. Some of Malcolm’s literacy sponsors are Elijah Muhammad, Bimbi, Will Durant, J.A.
Rogers, Arnold Toynbee, Frederick Olmstead, Frannie Kimball, etc. The most influential
of these would most likely be Elijah Muhammad or Bimbi. Elijah Muhammad’s
motivations were not discussed, but he was Malcolm X’s mentor for some time. Bimbi’s
motivations was to be able to discuss in intelligent conversation with other inmates.

4. I don’t believe that Malcolm X misappropriated any of his sponsor’s intentions.

5. Malcolm was able to memorize the vocabulary in the dictionary by reading it in his own

handwriting. This gave him the motivation to expand his vocabulary by continuing to
write from the dictionary.