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Investigative Research Outline

English 12 2016

I.

INTRODUCTION:
(This can be more than One Paragraph but will probably be just One.)

A. Attention Getter: (Think about a quote, interesting tidbit, statistic,
or day in history about your Topic.) (Sources Used)
“A newborn baby has only three demands. They are warmth in the arms of its
mother, food from her breasts, and security in the knowledge of her presence. Breastfeeding
satisfies all three.” ~Grantly Dick
1. First Point - Babies require skin to skin contact to develop healthy lifestyles.
a.
Detail One - It has been proven in studies that breastfeeding has
lower the risk of asthma and allergies.
i. More Specific - Babies who are breastfeed also have a lower
rate of getting viruses and flus. the mother's breast milk gives the baby antibodies.
b.
Detail Two - Infants that have skin to skin contact have shown a
higher IQ as opposed to formula fed babies.
i. More Specific - Babies that are breastfed have a closer bond by
skin to skin contact which promotes brain growth
ii. More Specific - Growth of the brain develops higher iq
(Source Information) http://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/nursing-basics
2. Second Point - Benefits of breastfeeding for the mother decreases the risks of
medical conditions
a.
Detail One - Mothers that nurse burn calories and reduce weight
i. Specifics - Mothers who are able to lose pregnancy weight can
keep it off easier and reduces the risk of obesity and diabetes
b.
Detail Two - Also lowers the risk of breast cancer and ovarian
cancer
i. Specifics - Breastfeeding delays the hormone estrogen from being
released into the body and therefore preventing breast cancer.
ii. Specifics - Mothers that breastfeed for more than six months
lowers the chance of breast cancer more
(Source Information) https://www.mdanderson.org/patient-and-cancerinformation/cancer-information/cancer-topics/prevention-andscreening/health/breastfeeding.html
(You can have more than these Two Points. This is just an Example!)
B. Set Up: (Think about how to BRIEFLY INTRODUCE your Topic.
Just a few key facts or statistics that gives your reader a HINT about its
importance. Two to Three Sentences.) (Sources Used)

1.
First Point - Skin to skin contact is best for the baby so breastfeeding
should be available in public and private
a.
Detail One - Breastfeeding in public has been frowned upon due
to nudity.
i. More Specific - Nudity is against the law and some people view
breastfeeding as nudity.
b.
Detail Two - Breast have been viewed as sexual objects in our
culture.
i. More Specific - Breast have been shown as sexual objects. It is
shown in media and in advertisements.
ii. More Specific - Women still remain insecure due to the idea that
breast are sexual objects
(Source Information) research paper, maternity and more, why are so squeamish
2.
Second Point - Society needs to see breastfeeding as normal and natural
way of feeding a baby.
a.
Detail One - In most other cultures it is normal and highly
accepted.
i. Specifics - In most countries boobs are not viewed as sexual
objects.
ii. Specifics - In other countries breastfeeding is viewed as a way
to feed a baby.
b.
Details Two - Showing cleavage as fashion is more acceptable in
public than breastfeeding
i. More Specific - There are billboards filled with women wearing
bras and panities from victoria.
ii. More Specific - A lot of women these days were low cut tops
that show their boobs
(Source Information) Breastfeeding for babies, maternity and more, embarrassed
(You can have more than these Two Points. This is just an Example!)
C. THESIS: (This is where you take your Inquiry Question and make
it a ONE SENTENCE STATEMENT regarding your Topic.) THIS IS THE ONLY
TIME YOU SHOULD HAVE A FULL SENTENCE!
How can society regulate or protect from breastfeeding in public?
II.

BODY OF PAPER:
(This will be several Paragraphs because this Paper is Five to Seven Pages.)
A.
Section One: Beginning History/Cause (Could be several paragraphs.)
1.
Where? Breastfeeding is universal
a.
Detail One - Breastfeeding in the American culture has been part
of our culture for centuries
i. Specifics - Women had to breastfeed because there wasn’t any
formula yet.

ii. Specifics - Breastfeeding was the only way to feed a baby since
the beginning of time.
b.
Detail Two - Breastfeeding in public
i. Specifics - Mothers have always breastfed in public areas.
c.
Detail Three i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
iii. Specifics
(Source Information)
2.
When?
a.
Detail One i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information)
3.
How?
a.
Detail One
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information)
4.
Who?
a.
Detail One - Mothers who breastfed infants
i. Specifics - newborn to 24 months
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two - Society
i. Specifics - promoted healthier individuals
ii. Specifics - Children are nursed showed a higher iq
(Source Information)

5.

Why?
a.
Detail One - Benefits to the baby and mother
i. Specifics - reduces breast cancer
ii. Specifics - reduces ovarian cancer
iii. Specifics - for the baby reduces allergies and asthma
(Source Information)
b.
Detail Two - reduces childhood illness
i. Specifics - Breastfed babies receives the mother's antibodies
ii. Specifics - Reduced sids

(Source Information)
B.

Section Two: Progression through History/Effect (Several paragraphs)
1.
Development (negative or positive)?
a.
Detail One - In earlier times mothers breastfed their babies in

public
i. Specifics - Today breastfeeding in public is viewed negatively
ii. Specifics - Less mothers breastfeed in public due to the
negative responses
b.

Detail Two - Formula was created
i. Specifics - Formula was viewed as an easier way
ii. Specifics - Formula was viewed as an non sexual object
(Source Information) https://breastfeedingusa.org/content/article/nursingpublic-what-us-mothers-faced-colonial-times-until,
2.
Changes (negative or positive)?
a.
Detail One - Breastfeeding in public today is viewed as
inappropriate
i. Specifics - Women are shamed more often
ii. Specifics - Women are seen as sexual objects
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information)
3.
Involvement by other Individuals or Groups?
a.
Detail One
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
(Source Information) https://breastfeedingusa.org/content/article/nursingpublic-what-us-mothers-faced-colonial-times-until
b.

4.

Other Effects from Topic
a.
Detail One - Fashion

i. Specifics - Fashion has changed for complete coverage to
showing a lot of cleavage.
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information) Embarrassed, maternity and more
C.

Section Three: Problem (Several paragraphs)
1.
What are its present concerns?
a.
Detail One - Women are told to cover up when they breastfeed.
i. Specifics - Society has now become uncomfortable with seeing
a woman breastfeeding her child.
ii. Specifics - Due to that more and more women change to bottle
feeding instead of breastfeeding
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information) research paper
2.
Who is presently involved in these concerns?
a.
Detail One
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information)
3.
What are its Pros? Who believes this side?
a.
Detail One - Less money is spent
i. Specifics - Medical bills are reduce
ii. Specifics - Lowers health care cost
b.
Detail Two - Reduces plastic pollution
i. Specifics - When bottles are recycled they are melted which
puts toxins in the air.
ii. Specifics

c.

4.

Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information)research paper
What are its Cons? Who believes this side?
a.
Detail One - It will be a hassle for the mother
i. Specifics - The mother would have to pack and carry around a

big bag.
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two - More money spent
i. Specifics - medical bills will be more
ii. Specifics - Having to pay for the bottles and the formula
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
(Source Information)

D.

Section Four: Interview (Can be One Paragraph or Scattered throughout)
(To be listed here but incorporated in a paragraph in your Paper.)
1.
Questions presented that will be used in Paper.
1. Do you agree or disagree with breastfeeding in public? Why or why not?
2. Why do you think breastfeeding has become a public problem?
3. In your personal opinion why do you think it benefits a mother to/not to

breastfeed in public?
4. How can you breastfeed in public if the right becomes available?
5. What would makes you comfortable with breastfeeding in public?
6. What makes you uncomfortable with breastfeeding in public?
7. How do you feel when strangers stare at you?
8. If all public facility made a breastfeeding room, how would you picture it?
9. What would you say to women who are having thoughts of changing to
breastfeeding?
10. What kind of breastfeeding education should their be for the public to get
information?
2.


Answers to Questions that will be used in Paper.
1.Do you agree or disagree with breastfeeding in public? Why or

why not?
Interviewee 1:
I agree because it healthy for both the baby and the mother. Also because the

baby needs to be fed.
● Interviewee 2:
● I agree with it because mothers need to their baby needs it.





Why do you think breastfeeding has become a public problem?
Interviewee 1:
Because there is a lack of education.
Interviewee 2:
I think because more people are doing and people have issues with nudity. I am

not quite sure.

● In your personal opinion why do you think it benefits a mother to/not to
breastfeed in public?
● Interviewee 1:
● It is more convenient than doing it at home. Skin to skin contact is good for the
baby everywhere.
● Interviewee 2:
● I think it is less of a hassle. And the baby can become hungry wherever it goes.
Can feed the baby right there.

● How can you breastfeed in public if the right becomes available?
● Interviewee 1:
● I would personally just pull out a blanket and cover up.
● Interviewee 2:
● I always used a blanket or some kind of cover up.

● What would makes you comfortable with breastfeeding in public?
● Interviewee 1:
● Having the blanket covering me and all women have boobies so what is wrong
with that?
● Interviewee 2:
● The only thing that needs to be comfortable is my butt.

● What makes you uncomfortable with breastfeeding in public?
● Interviewee 1:
● In all honesty I don’t feel uncomfortable with breastfeeding in public. I have
gotten rid of my body insecurities.
● Interviewee 2:
● Standing up or when there were a lot of people being noisy. Sometimes staring
got me.

● How do you feel when strangers stare at you?
● Interviewee 1:
● I just laugh. I don’t feel uncomfortable at all. They only time I am uncomfortable is
when I am not a comfortable position.
● Interviewee 2:
● It depends on the way they are staring. If they were staring down on me I would
talk to them.

● If all public facility made a breastfeeding room, how would you picture it?
● Interviewee 1:

I would picture it a quiet room with comfortable chairs and sinks so that we can

wash our hands after.
● Interviewee 2:
● The same thing as interviewee 1.

● What would you say to women who are having thoughts of changing to
breastfeeding?
● Interviewee 1:
● It is healthier for not only the child but the mother as well. Breastfeeding reduces
the chance of cancer and helps with weight loss.
● Interviewee 2:
● Good for you. It is more beneficial for you and the child. The child gets a better
immune system and less things to carry around.

● What kind of breastfeeding education should their be for the public to get
information?
● Interviewee 1:
● That breastfeeding in public is part of having a baby. It benefits the mom. It
creates skin to skin contact that creates a bond.

(Source Information for Interviewee)
First interviewee had breastfed one child and absolutely loved doing it. The second interviewee
had breastfed her only daughter for a couple of months then stop. She stop because she didn’t
like breastfeeding

E.

Section Five: Solution (More than One)
1.
First Solution - Create milking stations for moms
a.
Detail One - In public places we could create a milking station
i. Specifics - The stations would have comfortable chairs to sit in
ii. Specifics - There would also be a cleaning station
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three

2.

3.

4.

i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
Second Solution - Walk away from the problem
a.
Detail One - Society can learn to stop treating women badly
i. Specifics - If they feel uncomfortable walk away.
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
Third Solution (if applicable)
a.
Detail One
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
b.
Detail Two
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
c.
Detail Three
i. Specifics
ii. Specifics
More Solutions (if applicable)
a. Source Information (Author, Interviewee, “Article Name”) Breastfeeding

is best for babies.

III.

CONCLUSION: (Can be a couple of Paragraphs but will probably be just One.)
A.

Futuristic Look at Topic
1.
Idea- Breastfeeding is natural and best for mother and baby
a.
Detail One- Statistics have proven that breastfeeding is healthier
for both mother and child.
i. Specifics-breastfeeding reduces the child's risk of medical
conditions.
ii. Specifics-breastfeeding reduces the risk of cancer in mothers
b.
Detail Two-skin to skin contact is essential for bonding regardless
of private or public setting

i. Specifics-skin to skin contact with breastfeeding significantly
reduces the risk of SIDS
ii. Specifics-skin to skin contact during breastfeeding has been in
our history and culture for centuries in public and private setting.
(Source Information)
B.

Food for Thought
1. Why would mother chose bottle feeding over breast feeding given all the
research that shows breasting is significantly healthier?
2.
3.
4.
(Source Information)
Do NOT include your opinion! This is a topic you have researched and are reporting your
findings!