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GOAL: Practice with lecture for high school and understand the breadth of policies passed during reconstruction

before going in depth in the following lessons.

Warm Up:
Condition of South 1865 Powerpoint & Discussion
Dramatic Read of pg 323 (Lincolns plan of peace)
Each student is assigned to a different word or phrase.
Go over Civics Homework
Students complete workbook activities in pairs while reading from textbook to acquire basic content.
Lecture Presented and students take notes on graphic organizers.
Students complete fill in the blank section behind graphic organizer.
Students choose a prompt and complete a free write analyzing the effects of Reconstruction.
If time: In groups of 4, switch free write clockwise. Add an illustration for 1 minute and cite where in
freewrite warrants said illustration. Switch, and complete 3 times.
Students to begin homework reading and taking notes on the next sub chapter; the policies of the Black



Focus Questions

Civics Review

1. What are the 3 branches of our


The United States government consists of 3 major branches. These

branches are designed to check and balance each other. The first branch is
the Executive Branch. This branch includes the President of the United states
along with his cabinet and any agencies he oversees. The second branch is
the Legislative Branch. This includes members of the House and members of
the Senate. Remember, the amount of representatives in the house depends
on the population of the state and the members of the senate are fixed at 2
senators per state. The third branch is the Judicial Branch. This branch
verifies that laws passed by the other branches are allowed based on what
the constitution says.

2. How does a bill become a law?

3. How can a bill become a law if

the President vetoes it?

4. How can the government

amend the constitution?

A bill becomes law after being approved at 3 different places. First, a bill
needs to be approved by a majority vote in the House. Second, the bill needs
to be approved by a majority vote in the Senate. Lastly, the bill needs to be
approved by the President. If the president does not approve and instead
decides to veto the bill then both the House and the Senate will need to do a
another vote. They can overturn the presidential veto with a two-thirds
majority in both the House and the Senate.
In order for the constitution to be amended (fixed), the amendment needs
to pass in 3 different places. First, the amendment must pass with a twothirds majority in the House. Second, the amendment must pass with a twothirds majority in the Senate. Lastly, three-fourths of the states must affirm
the proposed Amendment. Although there is another way to get an
amendment passed, all 27 Amendments in our constitution have gone
through this process.
Bonus Info!!! The other method of passing an amendment requires a
Constitutional Convention to be called by two-thirds of the legislatures of the

States. That Convention can propose as many amendments as it deems

necessary. Those amendments must be approved by three-fourths of the

13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Military Reconstruction Act
Freedmens Bureau
Black Codes
Jim Crow Laws
Plessy V Ferguson
Voting Restrictions
Poll Tax
Grandfather Clause
Literacy Test
Ku Klux Klan
Fill in the Blank




A form of debt slavery.

This got you out of paying a poll tax.

These prevented freedmen from voting.

A terrorist group who attacked freedmen.

The division of the South into 5 districts.

An organization that helped African


This kept freedmen in a state of semislavery.

This officially abolished slavery

This gave all citizens the right to vote.

These legalized the separation of races

This required citizens to be able to read

in order to vote.

This established separate but equal

This required citizens to pay a fee in

This stated that all people born in the US

order to vote.

are guaranteed the rights of citizens.

Dramatic Read

With malice [hatred] toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the
right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we
are in, to bind up the nations wounds, to care for him who shall have borne
the battle and for his widow and orphan, to do all which may achieve and
cherish [hold dear] a just and lasting peace