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Fletcher Marchant
Laurie Oberg
English 11
24 February 2016

Annuit Coeptis Christianos/Vir Rerum Publicarum Attinet ad Leones

The Catholic Church, one of the most widely converted religions in the world; known for
its influence to the Western Civilizations and some of the Civilizations in Eastern Asia. The
church has come to power over the past millennial after the fall of the Roman Empire, the rise of
the Byzantine Empire, the High Middle Ages, and the Enlightenment Age. They have carved
their religion into a social hierarchy enforcing their beliefs through conquest. In 1887, a Christian
Socialist by the name of Francis Bellamy composed the Pledge of Allegiance, I pledge
allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty
and justice for all. He had a strong belief that there was a separation between the church and the
state; that they would never come to unison, but now 300 years later, the government has barbed
their ideas with that of how, God found this country and adding the phrase under God to our
national pledge making it more patriotic. We must remove the phrase under God to the
Pledge since it violates the Establishment Clause, the Lemon Test, and the Endorsement Test in
the First Amendment, both the church and the state are completely separated, and by adding this
phrase does nothing to retaliate against the Atheistic communists of the USSR.
The First Amendment states that Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of
speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the

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Government for a redress of grievances. Mainly stating it cannot aid a church, or religion(s) or
else it would violate the Establishment Clause, Neither a state nor the Federal Government can
set up a church. Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one
religion to another (Jefferson). The Pledge of Allegiance aids only secular Judeo-Christian
religions since the phrase under God is emphasized throughout the pledge of allegiance and
through public schools during the 1950s. Not only does it violate the Establishment Clause, but
it also violates the prongs involved with the Lemon Test (Lemon v. Krutzman) since it states 3
prongs: 1) the statue must not result in an excessive government entanglement with religious
affairs. 2) The statue must not advance nor inhibit religious practice. 3) The statute must have a
secular legislative purpose. The Pledge of Allegiance is only an expression to the flag of the
United States, plus Bellamys prime goal was to reignite Americanism after the post-Civil War,
but later on, President Truman was convinced to ratify the phrase under God into the pledge
and to add In God We Trust to the dollar bill so that we would not be mistaken for the
communists in the USSR who are all Atheists. It also violates the Endorsement Test were it
connects with the Establishment Clause, Endorsement sends a message to nonadherents that
they are outsiders, not full members of the political community, and an accompanying message
to adherents that they are insiders, favored members of the political community (OConnor).
This connects with the communists since we have labeled the communists and the general
secretary of the USSR, Joseph Stalin, as he believes in no God. It makes other religions, other
than Christianity, as outliers and inferior to the Christian Church itself.
The Christian Church (mostly the Catholic Church) has been shown to rule both with
grace and an iron fist under the Christian population. The Christian Population states that this
nation has been founded by the divinity of Gods Grace and titled this nation as a Christian

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Nation. One of these believers, President Barack Obama, clearly states even though been part of
the Christian Faith, One of the great strengths of the United States is, although as I mention we
have very large Christian population, we do not consider ourselves as a Christian nation, or a
Jewish nation, or a Muslim nation, we consider ourselves a nation of citizens who are bound by
ideals and a set of values. If this nation was dominantly Christian, this nation would degrade or
multiethnic religions that they have, in the First Amendment, the freedom of practicing religion
and manipulate the laws that enforce these rights and to protect these rights from other corrupt
nations. True that during the 1700s 1800s, we have been an main enforcer of spreading this
religion to other barbaric internal nations (Navajo, Cherokee, Sioux) in order to structure them
in the face of the white man. Also, our countrys government will succumb to a theocracy; ruled
by God himself and not by the people. True that people will say, But this country was founded
by Christians, and the founding fathers would spin in their graves if they heard this ludicrous!
Actually, The founding fathers did not even know about the Pledge of Allegiance, its creation, or
its existence. Our government alone is secular and our nation is composed of believers and
nonbelievers; some of these religions not existing before the founding.
Finally, being a communist does not make a communist Atheist. The definition of
communism is, a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in
common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. True the
government of the Soviet Union was a communistic party, but it was mostly anchored on the idea
of Marxism-Leninism; opposing the idea of a bourgeois democracy and the idea of capitalism.
During the aftermath of World War II, President Truman was conveyed about the idea of
including the phrase under God to the Pledge during the prayer breakfast at the White House.
After Eisenhowers Inauguration into office, Eisenhower was baptized into the Presbyterian

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Church and ratified the phrase into the Pledge on Flag Day in 1954 (the beginning of the Cold
War). In 1954, Eisenhower completely made the country into a Christian Nation in order to
distinguish themselves for the Atheistic communists. The difference is that Communism is a
political ideology, while Atheism is a religion of not believing in a deity. Stalin believed in the
concept of Socialism in Our Country becoming a central tenet of the Soviet Union, and made it
his prime goal to enforce and convert the government into a Communist Party, thats it! Stalin
and the Bolsheviks believed in Vladimir Lenins his idea of Leninism correlating with the
religion of Atheism. In 1980, Gorbachev reopened most of the Churches including the Russian
Orthodox Church (Who was in support of the White movement, led by Alexander Kolchak).
In conclusion, people have stated that they should keep the phrase under God into the
Pledge since it, according to Eisenhower, In this way we are reaffirming the transcendence of
religious faith in Americas heritage and future; in this way we shall constantly strengthen those
spiritual weapons which forever will be our countrys most powerful resource, in peace or in
war. But, taking this phrase out reinstates the equality of all religions rather than aiding a
monotheistic religion in order to degrade the other religions. Taking this phrase out allows our
nation to enforce equality, liberty, and justice; the reasons why the phrase under God must be
omitted since it completely violates the Lemon, Endorsement Test, and The Establishment
Clause, it segregates both the Church and the State, and it does nothing to retaliate against the

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Works Cited
Simon, Gerard (1974) Church, State, and Opposition in the U.S.S.R. Berkeley and Los Angeles:
University of California. Web 7 March, 2016.
Ree, E. Van (March 1997). Stalin and Marxism: A Research Note. Web 7 March 2016.
John W. Baer (2007). The Pledge of Allegiance: A Revised History and Analysis, 1892-2007
(Free State Press, Inc.)
Daniel L. Dreisbach and Mark David Hall. The Sacred Rights of Conscience: Selected Reading
on Religious Liberty and Church-State Relations in the American-Founding.
Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund Press, 2009.
Michael A. Sherlock (October 21, 2014). The Atheist Atrocities Fallacy- Hitler, Stalin, & Pol
Pot. Retrieved March 7, 2016, from