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IN TR ODUC TJON.
The

sharp raises the pitch of a letter

make

Therefore, to

a letter.

must be raised or the

IX

the

lowers the pitch of

flat

between

a half-tone

must be lowered, thus

F and

G, the

PThere are two forms

of the Diatonic Scale.

Scale, has the sounds so arranged that there

and fourth, and seventh and eighth.

third

is

First, called the

If the letter

we

the starting note of a scale (called the Keynote),


this

C is
If

kind without having


called the

we

to use a

sharp or

flat;

is

chosen as

get a scale of

therefore the scale of

Natural Major Scale.

take the sounds of the scale of

ning with

Major

a half-tone between the

as a keynote,

we

C and

rearrange them, begin-

get the other form of diatonic scale

Natural Minor Scale.


difference between a major and minor scale is, that in
the major there are two whole-tones from the keynote to the third
in the minor, a tone-and-a-half from the keynote to the third
letter
called the

The chief
;

letter.

As

the scale of

scale of

major,

If a scale is

minor

it is

is

a rearrangement of the sounds of the

begun on any other

When

scales, the sharps or

make

letter as a

may be

flats that

used in a signature.

Sharps and

These

flats to

3.
4.
5.
6.

Key
Key
Key
Key
Key
Key

F minor.

of

G, or of

its

relative minor,

of

D,

its

relative minor, JB minor.

of

A, or

of

its

relative minor,

F$

minor.

of

F,

or of

its

relative minor,

C$

minor.

of

B, or of its relative minor, G% minor.


F\, or of its relative minor, D$ minor,

of

or of

is

necessary

the

number

signatures are here given

Keys with Sharp Signatures.

1.

it

the scale requires are put at the begin-

2.

C.

the

ning, and are called the Signature.


of six

of

keynote,

whole and half-tones fall in the


a piece of music is written in any of these

to use sharps or flats to

proper places.

Minor

called the Relative