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FORENSIC SCIENCE

GRIFFIN

SLO REVIEW

HEY! PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST!


1. Forensic science is the application of science to:
a. Civil laws
b. Crime scene reconstruction
c. Criminal and civil law
d. Speech making
2. Who described the exchange of evidence principle?
a. Bernoulli
b. Galton
c. Gross
d. Locard
3. Which would NOT be included in the work of the biology unit of a crime lab?
a. Blood profiling
b. Comparison of hair
c. DNA profiling
d. Fingerprint Analysis
4. Which unit has the responsibility for the examination of body fluids and organs for the presence of drugs
and poisons?
a. Evidence collection unit
b. Physical science unit
c. Toxicology unit
d. Trace evidence unit
5. The tendency of the public to believe that every crime scene will yield forensic evidence and their
unrealistic expectations that a prosecutors case should always be bolstered and supported by forensic
evidence is known as:
a. Anthropology
b. The CSI Effect
c. Locards Principle
d. The Scientific Method
6. The _______________ unit applies principles and techniques of chemistry, physics, and geology to the
identification and comparison of crime-scene evidence.
a. Biology
b. Geology
c. Physical science
d. Toxicology
7. The first officer arriving at a crime scene, after providing or obtaining medical assistance for the injured
and effecting an arrest of suspects (if possible), should immediately:
a. Make a rough sketch of scene
b. Photograph the scene
c. Secure the scene
d. Take notes

8. A rough sketch need NOT include a:


a. Compass
b. Location of evidence
c. Reference points
d. Sketch of suspect(s)
9. The collection of standard reference samples at the crime scene is important because they:
a. Are obtained only from suspects in cases of violent assault.
b. Permit comparisons to be made with the evidence.
c. Prevent the laboratory from making mistakes.
d. Serves as extra test material.
10. A corpse was discovered in an apartment last November. It was that of a 50-year-old male who died of a
heart attack. At the time of discovery, the body temperature was determined to be 89F. What is the most
probable post mortem interval?
a. 1 hour
b. 4 hours
c. 7 hours
d. 12 hours
11. Which is NOT a manner of death?
a. Accident
b. Drowning
c. Homicide
d. Suicide
12. Rigor mortis refers to the:
a. Color of death
b. Odor of death
c. Stiffness of death
d. Temperature of death
13. Forensic databases are maintained for all of the following EXCEPT:
a. Automotive paint
b. Bullets
c. Dental impressions
d. Fingerprints
14. Which of the following is NOT a layer of the hair shaft?
a. Cortex
b. Cuticle
c. Follicle
d. Medulla
15. The central canal running through many hairs (but not all) is known as the:
a. Cortex
b. Cuticle
c. Follicle
d. Medulla

16. In what stage can hair most readily be removed from the scalp?
a. Anagenic
b. Generic
c. Catagenic
d. Telogenic
17. Which is NOT a synthetic fiber?
a. Acrylic
b. Cotton
c. Nylon
d. Polyester
18. In most cases, the ___________ layer(s) of soil is/are picked up during the commission of a crime.
a. Clay
b. Silt
c. Top
d. Wet
19. Prints that are not readily visible are commonly referred to as:
a. Latent
b. Obscured
c. Open
d. Plastic
20. Prints impressed in a bar of soap are referred to as:
a. Dusted
b. Latent
c. Plastic
d. Temporary
21. What is the percentage of evidence evaluated in the crime lab that is drug related?
a. 25%
b. 35%
c. 75%
d. 90%
22. What is the most widely used and abused drug in the United States?
a. Alcohol
b. Cocaine
c. Heroin
d. Methadone
23. Heroin is a chemical derivative of:
a. Amphetamine
b. Codeine
c. Morphine
d. Methadone
24. The blood alcohol concentration level for being legally Under the Influence in most states is:
a. 0.04 percent
b. 0.05 percent
c. 0.07 percent

d. 0.08 percent
25. The burn off rate of alcohol averages _________ percent w/v per hour.
a. 0.010
b. 0.015
c. 0.10
d. 0.15
26. The following drug is not typically found in blood or urine:
a. Amphetamine
b. Cocaine
c. Heroin
d. Morphine
27. Which is NOT a component of a nucleotide?
a. Double helix
b. Phosphorous containing group
c. Nitrogenous base
d. Sugar
28. Which nitrogenous base is NOT found in DNA?
a. Adenine
b. Guanine
c. Thymine
d. Uracil
29. Which of the following depicts correct base-pairing in DNA?
a. A-U
b. A-G
c. C-G
d. G-T
30. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a technique that:
a. Can produce many exact copies of segments of DNA
b. Produces information regarding the sequence of nitrogenous bases
c. Produces analysis of nitrogenous base pairings
d. Virtually eliminates error from DNA analysis
31. During gel electrophoresis, the DNA is:
a. Cut into fragments
b. Extracted from the cell
c. Separated by fragment size
d. Visualized using x-rays
32. Questioned documents include:
a. Books
b. Checks
c. Contracts
d. All of the above
33. Inks on handwritten documents may be compared for their chemical composition by the technique of:
a. Chromatography

b. Infrared spectrophotometry
c. UV spectrophotometry
d. None of the above
34. ___________ writings are partially visible impressions appearing on a sheet of paper underneath the one on
which the visible writing was done.
a. Charred
b. Exemplar
c. Indented
d. Obliterated
35. Telltale signs of arson include:
a. Accelerant odors
b. Multiple points of origin
c. Streamers
d. All of the above
36. The rapid combination of oxygen with a fuel, which produces a noticeable release of energy, is called:
a. Combustion
b. Explosion
c. Ignition
d. Liberation
37. The movement of heat through a solid object is a process known as:
a. Conduction
b. Convection
c. Oxidation
d. Radiation
38. When investigators search a fire scene, the first focus must be on:
a. Finding the point of origin
b. Interviewing eyewitnesses
c. Looking for signs of breaking and entering
d. Taking photographs and making sketches
39. The chemical reaction associated with a fire is:
a. Acid-base
b. Combustion
c. Oxidation
d. Precipitation
40. An explosive readily detonated by heat or shock is:
a. Black powder
b. Dynamite
c. Primary explosive
d. Secondary explosive
41. Which blood components are most useful to the forensic aspects of blood identification?
a. Blood serum
b. Platelets
c. Red blood cells
d. White blood cells

42. To determine whether blood is of human or animal origin, the serologist will perform:
a. Analysis with Hemastix strips
b. Luminol test
c. Precipitin test
d. None of the Above
43. An individual who has type O blood has:
a. A antibodies
b. B antigens
c. O antibodies
d. All of the above
44. If blood is found to have both A and B antigens, it is typed as:
a. A
b. B
c. AB
d. Rh positive
45. _____________ transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues and carry carbon dioxide back to the
lungs.
a. Alveoli
b. Lymphocytes
c. Platelets
d. Red blood cells
46. The clumping together of red blood cells by the action of an antibody is known as:
a. Agglutination
b. Blood typing
c. Radioimmunology
d. Serology
47. The pointed end of a bloodstain always faces:
a. In its direction of travel
b. Opposite the direction of travel
c. Toward direction from which the force came
d. Toward the position of the blood source
48. When an object with blood on it touches one that does not have blood on it, this produces a(n):
a. Contact pattern
b. Flow
c. Trail pattern
d. Void
49. Which weapon would create cast-off patterns consisting of small droplets in a linear pattern?
a. Baseball bat
b. Knife
c. Wooden plank
d. All of the Above
50. Generally, bloodstain diameter ___________ as height increases.
a. Decreases
b. Increases

c. May increase or decrease depending on surface


d. Remains unchanged
51. The reason groves are rifled into the bore (barrel) of a gun is so that a:
a. Ballistics examiner will have an easier time identifying evidence.
b. Bullet moving through it will have unique striations
c. Bullet will be made to spin and hence have a true and accurate course on leaving the barrel.
d. Manufacturer can put its unique mark on its product.
52. Discharged evidence bullets must be carefully handled to avoid damage to the:
a. Caliber markings
b. Ejection pattern
c. Investigators initials
d. Striation markings
53. Which is NOT a class characteristic of a suspects sneaker?
a. Brand
b. Color
c. Size
d. Wear marks
54. Which of the following results is NOT possible from a laboratory examination of firearm evidence?
a. Determining how far from the victim the weapon was held.
b. Determining that two or more cartridge cases were fired from the same weapon.
c. Identifying a bullet as having been combined with a particular shell prior to being discharged.
d. Restoring serial numbers ground off the gun.