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community policing definition and history

community policing definition and history

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Published by stylo4675
Community Policing
Community Policing

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Published by: stylo4675 on May 28, 2008
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02/01/2013

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COMMUNITY POLICINGHISTORY AND PERSPECTIVE

WHAT IS COMMUNITY POLICING ?
• An agency specific philosophy and management approach that promotes community government and law enforcement partnerships, pro-active problem solving and community engagement to address causes of fear of crime and other community issues

Community Policing is:
• • • • • A way of doing business Addresses problems at community level Involves partnerships Thinking strategically-acting preventively Augments traditional policing efforts

Community Policing is not just:
• • • • social work foot patrol, bike patrol a specialty unit or just for some officers a program that replaces traditional policing efforts • SOFT ON CRIME

ROOTS OF COMMUNITY POLICING- SIR ROBERT PEEL
• • • • Founded the London Metro. Police Dept. Early 1800’s patrol beats “Bobbys”

Peel’s Principles of Policing
“…the police are the public and the public are the police; the police are the only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interest of community welfare.”
Sir Robert Peel, 1829

Political Era (1870-1930)
• • • • Slums, poverty, filth,crime New York first police department Beat Cop developed Corruption began

Reform Era (1930-1970’s)
• • • • • • • • Police sever from all external influences Change policing methods Fighting crime-primary task Preventive Patrol-more officers Rapid Response Investigations Ranks of Officers Policies and Procedures

Modern Era (1970’s-present)
• Several studies conducted • Previous detachment- isolation • Policing became something done for rather with community • 911 developed • Police effectiveness questioned
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Community Era (1980-Present)
Authority: Community support, Law & Professionalism Function: Broad provision of services Organization: Decentralized Relationship w/Community: Close Role: Work w/community as professionals within the law

Law Enforcement Culture
• Cul ture i s:

– the way we think – the way our minds organizes information – how we act out our moral and social identities – our “common sense” – “what every fool sees” – is the consequence of our shared thoughts, behaviors, beliefs, and values.

Improving response time to emergency calls greatly increases the likelihood of arresting criminals. Perception or reality ?

PERCEPTION

Foot Patrols do not reduce crime, but they make the citizens feel safer. Perception or reality?

REALITY

Random patrol does not directly increase an officer’s chances of arresting a criminal. Perception or reality?

Reality

Public cooperation is more often responsible for solving crime than police activities are. Perception or reality?

REALITY

BROKEN WINDOWS
• Abandoned building • Eventually one window gets broken • If not replaced, others will become broken

Police Response to Theory
• Take small signs of disorder seriously • Deal with minor problems • Deal with small time offenders • Take care of physical disorders

BENEFITS OF COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING
Increased Effectiveness Officer Self-Actualization Improved Communications An Increase in Community Support for Department Programs

BENEFITS OF COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING
Increased Opportunities for Creativity It Provides Officers a Better Place in Which to Work

BENEFITS OF COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING
It Provides a Stronger, Safer and More Friendly Community in Which to Live It Provides for a Closer Working Relationship with Other Agencies

Questions?

NEXT UP
• Problem Solving as a Culture. • Discussion of the SARA model. • Putting Problem Solving to Work.

Problem Solving
• Finding short term solutions • Finding long term solutions • Identify “root” causes of problems • Identifying and concentrating on the conditions of the problem

Crime Prevention
• Identify Crime issues and conditions that enable crime to occur • Educate and train the community how not to be victims of crime • Empower the community to take on a shared responsibility regarding their safety and quality of life

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