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Algebra II­9  Section 10.

5
Properties of Logarithms

1. Review: log 2 32 means 2 = 32

log232 = 5

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log28 log216 log2(8 16)

3 4 7

log525 log5125 log5(25 125)

2 3 5

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2. Magical Laws of Logs
Law 1:
example:

Given: log23 ≈ 1.585 and log25 ≈ 2.322


Find log215 = log2(3 5)
= log23 + log25
= 1.585 + 2.322
=3.907

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log216 log28 log2(16÷8)

4 3 1

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Law 2:

example:

Given: log23 ≈ 1.585 and log25 ≈ 2.322


Find log 2 ( 53 )= log 2 5 - log 2 3
= 2.322 - 1.585
= 0.737

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log39 log3(92) 2 log39

2 log3(81) 2 2

4 4

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Given: log23 ≈ 1.585 and log25 ≈ 2.322

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