Project 2: Morphology

Tania Carlin
Dr. Fantuzzi
English 487
Tuesday/ Thursday 2:30

Integrative Motivation
Integrative motivation refers to a desire to interact effectively with native speakers of the new
language in many situations: academic, social, in the workplace, and so on. Integratively
motivated students display positive attitudes towards speakers of the target language, ask
questions about the language, read English books on their own, seek opportunities to use English
with peers and adults, have friends who are native English speakers, and are interested in
learning the latest English phrases and jokes.
To develop integrative motivation, learners must have positive experiences with native
speakers. They must feel welcomed, included, and respected. You can make this happen by
providing structured opportunities for students to make cross-cultural connections and
friendships (e.g., organizing cooperative leaning groups and helping student become involved in
extracurricular activities). Integrative motivation is also enhanced by involving students in a
wide variety of language experiences beyond the school – in other institutional settings and in
the community – and by demonstrating respect and support for all languages and for second
language learners in the classroom and in the school. (173 words)
Coelho, E., & Rivers, D. (2004). Understanding Second Language Acquisition. In Adding
English: A guide to teaching in multilingual classrooms (pp. 161-162). Toronto: Pippin.

Function Words

Content Words

To, a, with, of, the, in, so, and, on, towards,
about, their, who, have, are, must, they, you,
can, this, by, for, make, is, also, a, of, beyond,
other, and, for, all, use

Integrative, motivation, refers, desire, interact,
effectively, native, speakers, new, language,
many, situation, academic, social, workplace,
integratively, motivated, students, display,
positive, attitudes, target, ask, questions, read,
English, books, own, seek, opportunities,
peers, adults, friends, native, interested,
learning, latest, phrases, jokes, develop,
experiences, feel, welcomed, included,
respected, make, happen, providing, structured,
opportunities, cross-cultural, connections,
friendships, organizing, cooperative, leaning,
groups, helping, become, involved,
extracurricular, activities, enhanced, involving,
wide, variety, school, institutional, settings,
community, demonstrating, respect, support,
second, classroom

Content Words:
Compound Words

Complex Words

Cross-cultural, friendships, extracurricular,
classroom, workplace

Integrative, motivation, refers, interact,
effectively, speakers, situations, academic,
integratively, motivated, students, attitudes,
towards, questions, books, opportunities, peers,
adults, friends, interested, learning, phrases,
jokes, experiences, welcomed, included,
respected, providing, structured, connections,
friendships, extracurricular, cross-cultural,
organizing, cooperative, leaning, groups,
helping, involved, activities, enhanced,
involving, variety, institutional, settings,
demonstrating, classroom, learners

Complex Words:
Inflectional

Derivational

Refers, motivated, attitudes, towards,
questions, books, opportunities, peers, adults,
friends, interested, learning, phrases, jokes,
experiences, welcomed, included, respected,
providing, structured, students, connections,
organizing, leaning, groups, helping, involved,
activities, enhanced, involving, settings,
demonstrating, languages

Integrative, motivation, effectively, speakers,
academic, learners, cross-cultural, friendships,
cooperative, extracurricular, variety,
institutional

Word Class:
Stem
Integrate (V)
Motivate (V)
Effect (Adj)
Speak (V)
Academy (N)
Learn (V)
Culture (N)
Cooperate (V)
Curriculum (N)
Vary (V)
Institution (N)

Derivation
Integrative (Adj)
Motivation (N)
Effectively (Adv)
Speakers (N)
Academic (Adj)
Learners (N)
Cross- Cultural (Adj)
Cooperative (Adj)
Extracurricular (Adj)
Variety (N)
Institutional (Adj)

Word
integrative

Origin
Latin

Root
integr, (whole,
complete)
Mot (move, motion)

motivation

Latin

interact

Latin

academic
effectively

Greek
Latin

opportunities

Latin

Port (carry)

interested

Latin

experience

Latin

Inter (among,
together, on the
inside)
Perienc (try)

included

Latin

Clud (close)

respected

Latin

Spec (see, look at,
observe)

Inter- = between,
within, among
Academ (education)
Fect (to make/
produce)

Affix (es)
-ative = tending to do
something
Ive = of or that which
does something
-ation = action,
process
Act (drive, do)
-ic = pertaining to
Ef- = entirely
-ive = tending to
-ly = having qualities
Op = to, towards
Uni = one
Ty = quality,
condition
terest = to be

Ex = thoroughly
Ence = action, process
In = in, on, into
Ed = state of
Re = thoroughly
Ed = state of

providing

Latin

Vid (see, take care)

extracurricular

Latin

Curr (run)

demonstrating

Latin

Monstr (to advise or
instruct)

community

Latin

Commu (public)

Prefix
con- = together (Conclude)
ex- = out of, from (Exclude)
in- = in, on, into (Include)
oc- = against (Occlude,
Occult)
re- = again (Recluse)
se- = apart (Seclude)

Root

Pro = forward
Ing = a continuous
action
Extra = outside
Ular = pertaining to
De = entirely
Ing = a continuous
action
Ity = state of quality

Suffix

Clud = close

-se = condition or state of
(Clause)
-phobia = fear (Claustrophia)
- ive = tending to (Exclusive)

Seclude
Seclusion
Secluded
Secluding

Claustrophobia

Conclude
Concluding
Conclusion
Conclusive

clud

Exclude
Exclusion
Exclusive
Excluding

Include
Inclusion
Inclusive
Including

Clause
Clausal

Recluse
Reclusive

Occlude
Occluding