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Asael Nunez

Darrin Shedrow

Ross Kindig

Radius: 1.500 inches

1.500

1.500

Height: 4.500 inches

Surface Area: 56.549

inches

Volume: 31.809 inches

4.500

According to our calculations, this can

does not have optimal dimensions

because it does not minimize the

surface area while having the desired

volume.

SA = 2rh + 2r

V = rh = 31.809 inches

In order to minimize the surface area of the

cylinder while maintaining the same volume, we

need to isolate the volume formula for a single

variable.

rh = 31.809 inches

h = 31.809 inches r

Using our isolated variable from the volume

equation, we simplified the surface area

formula.

f(x) = 2r(31.809 inches r) + 2r

f(x) = (63.618 r) + 2r

f(x) = (63.618 + 2r) r

In order to calculate the optimal radius, we

found the derivative of f(x) and set the

numerator of the derivative equal to zero.

f(x) = ((r)(6r) - (63.618 + 2r)1) r

f(x) = (6r - (63.618 + 2r)) r

f(x) = (4r - 63.618) r

4r - 63.618 = 0

4r = 63.618

r = (63.618 4)

r = (63.618 4)(1 3)

r = 1.717 inches

formula, we solved for the optimal height.

V = rh

rh = 31.809

(1.717)h = 31.809

h = 31.809 (1.717)

h = 3.434 inches

In order to ensure that the volume of the

optimal can equals the volume of the original

can, we inserted our new values into the

volume formula.

V = rh

V = (1.717)(3.434)

V = 31.805 inches

Because we rounded our values to the nearest

thousandths instead of using the exact

values, our volume is off by 0.004 inches.

Using the surface area formula, we used our new dimensions to

calculate the surface area of our optimal can.

SA = 2rh + 2r

SA = 2(1.717)(3.434) + 2(1.717)

SA = 55.570 inches

We set up a new equation to calculate how much less of a surface

area our new can has.

original SA - new SA = reduced SA

56.549 inches - 55.570 inches = 0.979 inches

All together, our optimal can reduced the surface area of the

original can by about 0.979 inches, all while maintaining the same

volume!

Radius: 1.717 inches

1.717

1.717

Height: 3.434 inches

Surface Area: 55.570

inches

Volume: 31.809 inches

3.434

length: 3.500 inches

height: 7.125 inches

7.125

surface area: 76.438 inches2

volume: 31.172 inches

1.250

3.500

According to our calculations, this box

does not have optimal dimensions

because it does not minimize the

surface area while meeting the desired

volume.

SA = 2wl + 2hl + 2hw

V = whl = 31.172 inches

For shipping and design purposes, the width is 2 inches.

SA = 2(2)l + 2hl + 2h(2)

SA = 4l + 2hl + 4h

In order to solve the surface area equation for the minimum surface area, we

must first reduce the volume formula into a single variable. We solved for the

height, but the equation can be solved for either height or length.

whl = 31.172 inches

2hl = 31.172 inches

h = 31.172 2l

h = 15.586 l

Using the simplified volume equation, we

simplified the surface area formula.

f(x) = 4l + 2hl + 4h

f(x) = 4l + 2(15.586 l)l + 4(15.586 l)

f(x) = 4l + 31.172 + (62.344 l)

f(x) = 4l + 31.172 + 62.344l-1

In order to find the optimum length, we found

the derivative of f(x) and set the derivative

equal to zero.

f(x) = 4 + (-62.344l-2)

f(x) = 4 - 62.344l-2

4 - 62.344l-2 = 0

-62.344l-2 = -4

-62.344 l = -4

l = -62.344 -4

l = -62.344 -4

l = 3.948 inches

the optimum height using our previous

formula.

h = 31.172 2l

h = 31.172 (2)(3.948)

h = 31.172 7.896

h = 3.948 inches

To ensure that we still had the same volume

as the original box, we inserted our new

dimensions into the volume equation.

V = whl

V = (2 inches)(3.948 inches)(3.948 inches)

V = 31.173 inches

Our volume was off by 0.001 inches because

we rounded our values to the nearest

thousandths instead of using the exact,

original values.

Using the surface area equation, we used our new dimensions to calculate the surface area of our

new box.

SA = 2wl + 2hl + 2hw

SA = 2(2 inches)(3.948 inches) + 2(3.948 inches)(3.948 inches) + 2(3.948 inches)(2 inches)

SA = 62.757 inches

We set up a new equation to calculate how much less of a surface area our new box has.

original SA - new SA = saved SA

76.438 inches - 62.757 inches = 13.681 inches

In total, our new box reduced the surface area of the original box by 13.681 inches, all while

maintaining the same volume!

length: 3.948 inches

height: 3.948 inches

3.948

surface area: 62.757 inches2

volume: 31.172 inches

2.000

3.948

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