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Optimization Project

Asael Nunez
Darrin Shedrow
Ross Kindig

Dimensions of Canned Good


Radius: 1.500 inches

1.500

1.500

Diameter: 3.000 inches


Height: 4.500 inches
Surface Area: 56.549
inches
Volume: 31.809 inches

4.500

Dimensional Analysis of Canned Good


According to our calculations, this can
does not have optimal dimensions
because it does not minimize the
surface area while having the desired
volume.

Dimensional Analysis of Canned Good


SA = 2rh + 2r
V = rh = 31.809 inches
In order to minimize the surface area of the
cylinder while maintaining the same volume, we
need to isolate the volume formula for a single
variable.
rh = 31.809 inches
h = 31.809 inches r

Dimensional Analysis of Canned Good


Using our isolated variable from the volume
equation, we simplified the surface area
formula.
f(x) = 2r(31.809 inches r) + 2r
f(x) = (63.618 r) + 2r
f(x) = (63.618 + 2r) r
In order to calculate the optimal radius, we
found the derivative of f(x) and set the
numerator of the derivative equal to zero.
f(x) = ((r)(6r) - (63.618 + 2r)1) r
f(x) = (6r - (63.618 + 2r)) r
f(x) = (4r - 63.618) r
4r - 63.618 = 0
4r = 63.618
r = (63.618 4)
r = (63.618 4)(1 3)
r = 1.717 inches

Using the optimal radius and the volume


formula, we solved for the optimal height.
V = rh
rh = 31.809
(1.717)h = 31.809
h = 31.809 (1.717)
h = 3.434 inches
In order to ensure that the volume of the
optimal can equals the volume of the original
can, we inserted our new values into the
volume formula.
V = rh
V = (1.717)(3.434)
V = 31.805 inches
Because we rounded our values to the nearest
thousandths instead of using the exact
values, our volume is off by 0.004 inches.

Dimensional Analysis of Canned Good


Using the surface area formula, we used our new dimensions to
calculate the surface area of our optimal can.
SA = 2rh + 2r
SA = 2(1.717)(3.434) + 2(1.717)
SA = 55.570 inches
We set up a new equation to calculate how much less of a surface
area our new can has.
original SA - new SA = reduced SA
56.549 inches - 55.570 inches = 0.979 inches
All together, our optimal can reduced the surface area of the
original can by about 0.979 inches, all while maintaining the same
volume!

Dimensions of Optimized Canned Good


Radius: 1.717 inches

1.717

1.717

Diameter: 3.434 inches


Height: 3.434 inches
Surface Area: 55.570
inches
Volume: 31.809 inches

3.434

Dimensions of Boxed Good


length: 3.500 inches
height: 7.125 inches

7.125

width: 1.250 inches


surface area: 76.438 inches2
volume: 31.172 inches
1.250

3.500

Dimensional Analysis of Boxed Good


According to our calculations, this box
does not have optimal dimensions
because it does not minimize the
surface area while meeting the desired
volume.

Dimensional Analysis of Boxed Good


SA = 2wl + 2hl + 2hw
V = whl = 31.172 inches
For shipping and design purposes, the width is 2 inches.
SA = 2(2)l + 2hl + 2h(2)
SA = 4l + 2hl + 4h
In order to solve the surface area equation for the minimum surface area, we
must first reduce the volume formula into a single variable. We solved for the
height, but the equation can be solved for either height or length.
whl = 31.172 inches
2hl = 31.172 inches
h = 31.172 2l
h = 15.586 l

Dimensional Analysis of Boxed Good


Using the simplified volume equation, we
simplified the surface area formula.
f(x) = 4l + 2hl + 4h
f(x) = 4l + 2(15.586 l)l + 4(15.586 l)
f(x) = 4l + 31.172 + (62.344 l)
f(x) = 4l + 31.172 + 62.344l-1
In order to find the optimum length, we found
the derivative of f(x) and set the derivative
equal to zero.
f(x) = 4 + (-62.344l-2)
f(x) = 4 - 62.344l-2
4 - 62.344l-2 = 0
-62.344l-2 = -4
-62.344 l = -4
l = -62.344 -4
l = -62.344 -4
l = 3.948 inches

Using the optimum length, we can solve for


the optimum height using our previous
formula.
h = 31.172 2l
h = 31.172 (2)(3.948)
h = 31.172 7.896
h = 3.948 inches
To ensure that we still had the same volume
as the original box, we inserted our new
dimensions into the volume equation.
V = whl
V = (2 inches)(3.948 inches)(3.948 inches)
V = 31.173 inches
Our volume was off by 0.001 inches because
we rounded our values to the nearest
thousandths instead of using the exact,
original values.

Dimensional Analysis of Boxed Good


Using the surface area equation, we used our new dimensions to calculate the surface area of our
new box.
SA = 2wl + 2hl + 2hw
SA = 2(2 inches)(3.948 inches) + 2(3.948 inches)(3.948 inches) + 2(3.948 inches)(2 inches)
SA = 62.757 inches
We set up a new equation to calculate how much less of a surface area our new box has.
original SA - new SA = saved SA
76.438 inches - 62.757 inches = 13.681 inches
In total, our new box reduced the surface area of the original box by 13.681 inches, all while
maintaining the same volume!

Dimensions of Optimized Boxed Good


length: 3.948 inches
height: 3.948 inches

3.948

width: 2.000 inches


surface area: 62.757 inches2
volume: 31.172 inches
2.000

3.948