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Drug use amongst youth

in Australia
Looking at preventative and risk factors. Where to get help?

What are the various types of substances?

Caffeine

Alcohol

Ecstasy, amphetamines, cannabis, heroin

Prescription

Cigarettes, loose leaf tobacco, e-cigarettes

Illicit

Spirits, wine, beer, stout

Nicotine

Coffee, energy drinks, soft drinks, NoDoz

Pain killers (codeine), morphine

Over the counter

Pain killers (paracetamol), cough medicine

What are the protective factors?

Protective factors assist young people to avoid using and abusing substances.
Although protective factors do not guarantee the prevention of people using
drugs, they may reduce the chances of them experimenting. These include:

Academic achievement

Supportive school

Supportive community

Supportive family

Comprehensive drug education at school

Informative anti-drug campaigns

Beliefs and values


towards drug use

Protective factors

When looking at the dimensions of health (physical, social & mental), how
could we categorize the following factors?

Academic achievement

Supportive school

Supportive community

Supportive family

Comprehensive drug education at school

Informative anti-drug campaigns

What are the risk factors?

Risk factors increase the chance of young people using and abusing drugs. These
factors have damaging consequences which can be detrimental to the health of
young people. These factors include:

Poor academic achievement

Drug use being accepted by family and peers

Availability and access to drugs

Family/friend conflicts

Poverty and low socio-economic status

Lack of physical activity

Mental illnesses

Loneliness, stress, low self-esteem

Peer pressure

Age and gender (male)

Limited access to groups, network, resources and drug education

Risk factors

When looking at the dimensions of health (physical, social & mental), how
could we categorize the following factors?

Poor academic achievement

Drug use being accepted by family and peers

Availability and access to drugs

Family/friend conflicts

Poverty and low socio-economic status

Lack of physical activity

Mental illnesses

Loneliness, stress, low self-esteem

Peer pressure

Age and gender (male)

Limited access to groups, network, resources and drug education

Signs that someone is having problems


with drugs and/or alcohol

Mood swings extreme highs and extreme lows

Depression

Anxiety

Criminal behaviour

Irritable

Sleeplessness/tiredness

Unexplained absences from school, work & events

Change in appearance

Weight loss

New peer group

Anyt
hing
t
out
of ch hat seem
s
aract
e
that
perso r for
n

How to get help

Talk to either:

A trusted adult such as a teacher, nurse or school counsellor

A friend or older sibling you can trust

Your local doctor can offer a range of services you can access and a variety of
people you can talk to

You can call:

The Kids Help Line www.kidshelpline.com.au (1800 55 1800)

Family Drug Support Australia www.fds.org.au (1300 368 186)

If someone has passed out or collapsed because they have had too much
to drink or are having a reaction to a drug they have consumed CALL
THE AMBULANCE!
(000 or 112)
Their privacy will be upheld and the only circumstances in which the
police will be called to the hospital is if there is a posed danger or
someone has died.

TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND DRUGS

Today we are going to play Who Wants to be a Millionaire?

RULES:

The teacher will read out the question and four answer options

The teacher will read out the answers a second time and you are to put your hand
up when you hear the correct answer

No calling out as whoever gets the most correct answers is the winner!

Will you make it to the end with the most correct answers and win $1,000,000?!

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$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q1. The effects of alcohol can be?

LONG & SHORT TERM

PHYSIOLOGICAL

PSYCHOLOGICAL

ALL ARE CORRECT

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$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
1 $8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q2. If someone offers you alcohol but you


feel uncomfortable, what can you do?

SAY NO

HAVE A SIP AND PASS


IT BACK

ACCEPT THE DRINK


AND PUT IT DOWN

DRINK IT BUT DONT


ACCEPT A SECOND

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$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q3. What is a key reason someone may


choose to try alcohol?
THE TASTE

PARENTAL INFLUENCE

PEER INFLUENCE

ALL ARE CORRECT

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1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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13
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8
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2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q4. How many drinks should people generally


not exceed on any one occasion?

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1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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14
13
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10
9
8
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5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q5. If you and your friends have been drinking,


what is the best way to get home?

DRIVE YOURSELF

HAVE YOUR FRIEND


DRIVE

RIDE A BIKE

CALL A PARENT

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1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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14
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11
10
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8
7
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5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q6. If you have left your drink


unattended, what should you do?
BUY A NEW ONE

HAVE A SIP TO SEE IF


ITS STILL FRESH

GIVE IT TO YOUR
FRIEND

DRINK IT

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2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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14
13
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11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q7. Which of the following body parts


can alcohol damage?
BRAIN

KIDNEYS

BOWEL

ALL ARE CORRECT

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3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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14
13
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11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q8. What effects can smoking tobacco


have on the body?
IMPROVED PANCREAS
FUNCTION

TWO BELOW ARE


CORRECT

VARIOUS CANCERS

EMPHYSEMA

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1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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14
13
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11
10
9
8
7
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5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q9. When am I allowed to take


prescription drugs?
WITH PARENTAL
PERMISSION

IF THEY ARE
PRESCRIBED TO ME

IF I BUY THEM

ALL ARE CORRECT

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2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q10. What dimension of health is the protective


factor supportive family categorized as?

PYSICAL

SOCIAL

MENTAL

ALL ARE CORRECT

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3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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13
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11
10
9
8
7
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5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q11. What dimension of health is the protective factor


comprehensive drug education at school categorized
as?

PYSICAL

SOCIAL

MENTAL

ALL ARE CORRECT

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3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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14
13
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11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q12. What dimension of health is the risk


factor friend/family conflict categorized as?

PYSICAL

SOCIAL

MENTAL

ALL ARE CORRECT

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8
7
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5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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14
13
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11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q13. What dimension of health is the risk factor


loneliness, stress, low self-esteem categorized as?

PYSICAL

SOCIAL

MENTAL

ALL ARE CORRECT

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5
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3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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13
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10
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8
7
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5
4
3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q14. Who can I speak to if I think a


friend might be on drugs?
RESPONSIBLE ADULT

TRUSTED SIBLING

HELP LINE

ALL ARE CORRECT

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1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

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3
2
1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

Q15. How can I tell if someone I know is


on drugs?
CHANGE IN
PERSONALITY

CHANGE IN
APPEARANCE

CHANGE IN SOCIAL
BEHAVIOURS

ALL ARE CORRECT

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1

$1 Million
$500,000
$250,000
$125,000
$64,000
$32,000
$16,000
$8,000
$4,000
$2,000
$1,000
$500
$300
$200
$100

CONGRATULATIONS!!