Running head: DATA PRESENTATION

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Assignment #3- Data Presentation Assignment
SW 4810-Research Methods, Data Analysis and Practice Evaluation 2
Samira Hussein-Ahmed Al, Tracy Hawthorne, Tasha Spears
Wayne State University
December 22, 2015

Sample
This study was done to gauge the intervention plan that was created to treat traumatized
youth, and find results that would assist in reducing traumas symptoms. In the beginning, we
surveyed 50 clients in a residential treatment facility. The study helped us to assess adequately
the clients and find ways to decrease trauma symptoms. The client will be evaluated on

DATA PRESENTATION
background information. They will complete a pretest to indicate how often they experience

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trauma. We will try to determine the cause of the trauma. During this study, we looked at the
relationship between the participants age, serious behavior incidents. The relationship between
gender, and earned off-campus visits. The relationship between cottages and traumas
experienced. The research questions included in this experiment are listed below.
When the clients entered the residential treatment facility there, background information
was gathered. The background information included information that pertained to age, gender,
and ethnicity. The participants completed a pre-test survey to help determine how often they
experienced traumas. The study also focused on the triggers to the client’s traumatic experiences.
How they handled their trauma during this experience. The study also focused on the triggers
that could be a cause of the traumatic experience. The clients were asked to answer questions
with honesty to help determine the best possible outcome.
Descriptive statistics were conducted to help give a better understanding of the
demographic characteristics of the sample. The analysis showed that there were 50 youth; 25
female and 25 male, ages 7-15 that participated in the study. There are 40% of the youth
identified themselves as Caucasian. Tables 1 and 2 represent the gender and ethnicity of the
sample. Tables 1 and 2 represent the gender and ethnicity of the sample. A pie chart is also
provided, to represent the ages of the youth in the sample. The majority of the youth that
participated in the study were ages 9 to 11 years old.
Bivariate Analysis
Research Question #1: What is the relationship between age and the number of serious behavior
incidents?
Null Hypothesis #1: There is not a relationship between age and the number of serious behavior
incidents.

DATA PRESENTATION
Alternative Hypothesis #1: There is a relationship between age and the number of serious

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behavior incidents.
Independent Variable: Age
Dependent Variable: Serious Behavior Incidents
Pearson Correlation is the way to measure the degree of the linear association between two 
variables.  Correlation range from ­1.0 to + 1.0.  When using this correlation we are able to see 
that there is really no predictable relationship between gender and off earned campus privileges. 
A cross tabulation with chi­squared was performed in order to see if our hypothesis was true or 
not. The results were ten males earning off campus privileges and fifteen females received off 
campus privileges. The conclusion is there is sign cant correlation between the two variables.
This indicates a strong correlation and greatly exceeds the level of significance (r=0.2732 with
p<0.05) for a two-tailed test with a similar (but larger) sample size of 52 (Rubin, 2010). This was
in accordance with fact the test to analyze the variables since both the independent and
dependent variables take place at the ratio level. Therefore, the test indicated that an increase in
ten year of age experienced by the children precipitated, a decrease in number of serious
behavioral incidents exhibited during treatment. The results can be seen in the pie chart.
Many studies have shown a higher attrition rate among youth minority participants, particularly
in treatments and services that were not culturally/ethnically centered (Sprang, Craig, Clark,
Vergon, Tindall, Cohen, Gurwich, 2013).
Correlations
Age

Age

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)

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Number of
serious
behavioral
incidents
.090
.534

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DATA PRESENTATION

Number of serious
behavioral incidents

N
Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N

50
.090
.534
50

50
1
50

According to the data in the pie chart the age of ten was the most common age in which the
children had the most serious behavioral incidents. The number of serious incidents was five.

Mean of Results
We determined the relationship between the age of the client’s and the number of serious 
behavioral incidents seems to be among the clients who where age ten. These clients seemed to 
have five serious behavioral incidents.   Kendall’s tau­b is the most appropriate statistic to 
perform in order to attempted the correlation for this particular case we could see there is an 
association between the age and the serious behavioral incidents. This result will allow the 
agency to seel resources and more knowledge in how to go about and have preventative 
programs in place for the youth in that age group.
Research Question #2: Is there an association between genders and earned off campus
privileges post treatment?

DATA PRESENTATION
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Null Hypothesis #2: There is no association between gender and earned off campus privileges
post treatment.
Alternative Hypothesis #2: There is an association between gender and earned off campus
privileges post treatment.
Independent Variable: Gender
Dependent Variable: Earned of campus privileges
Cross tabulation with Chi-square
Both the independent and dependent variables are nominal. Therefore, a cross tabulation with
chi- square was utilized to analyze if the assigned treatment group effected whether the children
earned off campus privileges. Also, Chi square was appropriate because the expected frequency
value was greater than 10 as shown in Table 6. (Rubin, 2010).
Research Question #3: What is the relationship between cottage and the number of traumas
experienced?
Null Hypothesis #3: There is not a relationship between cottage and the number of traumas
experienced.
Alternative Hypothesis #3: There is a relationship between cottage and the number of traumas
experienced.
Independent Variable: Relationship between cottages
Dependent Variable: Number of traumas experienced
Statistical Analysis
Statistical analysis was conducted to determine if the difference in Cottage and number of
traumas experienced. Because there were three cottages showing the test that was performed was
an anova and post Hoc test. Between groups in the cottages the mean square was 49.809.
Implications
The purpose of the number of serious behavior incidents is to investigate the effects of
the relationship between ages. It will explore various suitable behaviors in life that are
encountered as human exists in their physical environment and will discuss both the effects of

DATA PRESENTATION
race and political party affiliation on person behavior. It is with this understanding that the

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stage will be set so that our primary goal is to issue a framework that can be applied to our
everyday thought for our changing behavior.
The findings of the study showed that there was a significant difference between the
participant’s gender male 40.0% and female 60.0% and earning off-campus privileges posttreatment. Following a traumatic event, or repeated trauma, people react in different ways,
experiencing a wide range of physical and emotional reactions. There is no “right” or “wrong”
way to think, feel, or respond to trauma, so don’t judge your own reactions or those of other
people (Robinson, Smith, Segal). It also showed a substantial correlation between the
participant’s age and the number of serious behavior incidents. There was also a significant
correlation between the participant’s cottage and the number of traumas experienced. Residents
in Cottage A and C had higher mean numbers than residents in Cottage B.
The study identified findings that will be beneficial for future research related to trauma
experiences behavior. The data that was acquired was based on of various ages and gender. This
data would be useful when at-risk trauma experienced populations. Social Workers are evidencebased practitioners having concrete evidence that was secured from a study is helpful to identify
what works, when helping clients. It is also important for Social Workers particular form of
procedure to ensures that the treatments and aid while carry out their own studies have the
comprehension and data they can trust the resources that reveal statistical verification can be
beneficial. There is no uniform way for presenting t-test results in research reports and journal
articles. Some authors present only the means being compared and mention that the difference
was statistically significant, perhaps with an asterisk and footnote.

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DATA PRESENTATION

Reference
Robinson, Smith, M.A., M., & Segal, Ph.D., J. (2015, August 1). Emotional and
Psychological Trauma. Retrieved December 19, 2015, from
http://www.helpguide.org/articles/ptsd-trauma/emotional-and-psychologicaltrauma.htm
Rubin, A. (2010). Statistics for evidence-based practice and evaluation (2nd
ed.). Belmont, Calif.: Brooks/Cole.
Sprang, G., Craig, C., Clark, J., Vergon, K., Tindall, M., Cohen, J., & Gurwitch, R. (2013).
Factors Affecting the Completion of Trauma-Focused Treatments: What Can
Make a

Difference? Traumatology, 19(1), 28-40.