Research

Young overweight children and why.
Fat Britain: A third of children are now officially overweight with
crisis at its worse among 11 to 15-years-olds.
This is a title of the daily mail which was written by Jenny Hope, Medical
Correspondent for the Daily Mail.
A third of children are now officially considered overweight, worrying
figures have revealed.
The crisis is at its worst among those aged 11 to 15, with almost four in
ten at risk from damaging levels of fat. A 20-year study of electronic
health records lays bare the problem among children in England. It shows
the numbers classed as overweight or obese jumped by about 8 per cent
a year in the late 1990s.
The rates of increase have slowed in the last decade, fuelling hopes the
rise may have levelled off.
But experts warned there was no room for complacency and extra efforts
must be made to rescue the ‘lost generation’ of overweight teenagers.
The figures are particularly concerning as obese children have a higher
risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease in later life. They are
also more likely to experience bullying, low self-esteem and depression.
Obesity costs the NHS £5billion a year. Researchers from King’s College
London used the anonymised electronic health care records of more than
370,500 children aged two to 15 between 1993 and 2013.They found the
number who were overweight or obese increased by around 8 per cent a
year during the first decade of the study. But between 2004 and 2013
rates slowed substantially to 0.4 per cent a year, suggesting the growth in
obesity may have levelled off.
All of this research that she has found and written about has was made by
a study at Kings College London.
Hope, J. and Correspondent, M. (2015) Fat Britain: A third of children are
now officially overweight. Available at:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2932372/Fat-Britain-childrenofficially-overweight-crisis-worse-11-15-years-olds.html (Accessed: 16 May
2016).
We should never tell our children that they're fat
This is a different title from a different newspaper. Written by Rachel
Halliwell who works for The Telegraph.
It’s a shocking statistic: one in five primary school aged girls have already
been on a diet, according to new official figures. So, at an age when their
biggest concern should be running out of loom bands and whether rain
will stop play, thousands of little girls and boys find themselves on that
most wretched and soul-destroying of treadmills – the weight loss regime.

How can this be, we shriek in alarm, bemused and horrified that it has
come to this. Oh, come on, seriously, what did we expect? As a mum of
three girls – I am not surprised that so many of our daughters are going on
diets. We keep telling them that they’re fat. Think about it. How many
times have you read about some poor five-year-old, weighed in their
classroom by order of Nanny State so that their BMI can be calculated and
their parents sent a scolding letter home if it appears anywhere above the
so-called norm?
The National Child Measurement Programme was introduced in 2005 as a
way of assessing and tackling child obesity within primary schools.
Children’s height and weight are measured when they start in reception,
and then again in their final year before senior school. None of this is
compulsory, but parents must actively opt-out of the scheme if they don’t
want their child to be a part of it.
Which is precisely what I did with all three of my girls – not because I was
worried about a letter home telling me to cut back on the crisps.
Halliwell, R. (2015) We should never tell our children that they’re fat.
Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/mothertongue/11504533/Obese-children-We-should-never-tell-our-kids-theyrefat.html (Accessed: 16 May 2016).
Comparing these two documentary’s both who are written by women, one
is talking about everyone aged 11-19 but the other is mainly talking about
young girls and how it affects them more then it affects boys.
Children as young as TWO sent to NHS 'fat camps' to tackle
obesity crisis.
This title is also from daily mail written by Lizzie Parry who write for only
Mail Online.
•More than 700 children have been referred to 'fat camps' to help weight
•Paediatric weight management scheme is run by NHS Lothian in Scotland
•In 3 years number of children aged 2 to 11 put on the plan has tripled
•Teaches children and parents about healthy eating and exercise
Published: 13:17, 3 August 2015 | Updated: 22:07, 3 August 2015
Children as young as two are being sent to NHS 'fat camps' in a bid to
tackle an obesity crisis, a health authority revealed today. More than 700
children aged two to 18 have been referred to the paediatric weight
management programme run in Lothian in the past three years. In that
time the number of children aged two to 11 put on the scheme has almost
tripled from 68 to 188. The programme teaches children and their parents
about healthy eating, physical activity and 'making positive lifestyle
choices'.

The youngsters are encouraged to play active games while their parents
set long-term health goals. The shocking figures have been released by
NHS Lothian in Scotland. They reveal that in 2011/12 the trust spent
£92,000 referring 168 children up to the age of 17 to its paediatric weight
management service. But by 2013/14 the number had soared to 348
children, with £140,000 being spent. Health experts warn that more
babies are being born fat to overweight mothers and are living
increasingly sedentary, inactive lifestyles.
Raj Bhopal, professor of public health at Edinburgh University, said: 'The
problem begins in pregnancy. Women who are overweight are giving birth
to larger babies with more fat on them and then the cycle begins. As
babies, some will be active, crawling around. But in some families infants
are already becoming sedentary, being left to sit in front of the TV. The
consequences are very serious. If you are obese in childhood then the risk
of being overweight as an adult is considerable. 'The problem is people
are eating too much in relation to how much energy they need with their
lifestyle, and once the weight is on, it is very hard to get off again.
'By their early teens, children who grew up obese are at risk of health
complications, such as developing type two diabetes.
'By their 30s and 40s they are at increased risk of diabetes, heart disease
and cancer, as well as musco-skeletal diseases.'
Professor Bhopal said increasing exercise and healthy food options in
schools had only been a 'modest' success. He added:
'Most people working in public health would agree that the answer lies in
changing the wider environment.
'Looking at what food we grow in this country, what food we tax, what
food people are choosing to buy in supermarkets, where that food is
placed in the supermarket.
'We have too much food around us, the amount of filling in sandwiches,
the toppings on pizza, and buffets for a low price where we can eat as
much as we like.
'Governments have been loath to intervene and have put the emphasis on
the individual's behaviour, but this is not working and we need to try a
new approach.'
Parry, L. (2015) Children as young as TWO sent to NHS ‘fat camps’ to
tackle obesity. Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article3183851/Children-young-TWO-sent-NHS-fat-camps-tackle-obesitycrisis.html (Accessed: 16 May 2016).

Child obesity: Why do parents let their kids get fat?
By Denise Winterman
BBC News Magazine
26 September 2012
The health risks for obese children may be even greater than previously
estimated, new research suggests. So why do parents let their children
get fat?
The recent start of the new school year was greeted with reports of a
dramatic rise in demand for extra-large uniforms for primary school pupils.
It came as no surprise to Carol. Her two nieces were wearing size 14 skirts
by the age of 11, the average size worn by a grown woman in the UK. Her
son also struggled to find a uniform big enough at secondary school as his
weight crept up to nearly 20 stone (127kg) in his teens.
"You do feel judged by other people when your child gets to that size, but
the harshest critic is yourself," says the mother-of-two from Birmingham.
"I constantly asked myself 'what am I doing wrong?'"
It's a good question. Just over 33% of 11-year-olds are now overweight or
obese and among four and five-year-olds it's 22%, according to the most
recent figures from the National Child Measurement Programme, which
assesses the height and weight of primary children in England. The figures
are similar in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. New research
published today by the University of Oxford also suggests that obese
children and adolescents have several risk factors for heart disease,
including raised blood pressure and cholesterol, compared with normal
weight children. Obesity experts say parents are struggling with a
multitude of problems when it comes to their child's weight. They range
from a lack of education about food, limited cooking skills and limited
money to buy healthier food to longer working hours and marketing
campaigns for junk food aimed at kids. But the more sedentary lives
children now lead is also creating huge problems. Last week a study
suggested that up to 75% of junior school children preferred to stay at
home than go to their nearby park.
Charlie Powell, campaigns director of the Children's Food Campaign - an
alliance of 150 education bodies, health groups and children's charities says it's also hard for parents to stand up to the barrage of junk food
advertising. "There are huge hurdles they have to surmount to keep their
children healthy. Its stuff that wasn't around in years gone by and food
manufacturers are very sophisticated in the techniques they use to appeal
to children." Katy's son, who is still 15, has lost another 3kg (6lbs) since
coming home from camp. Carol's son eventually went on a weight-loss
programme and lost about five stone (32kg). Now 27, he has kept it off.
Stacey had a gastric band fitted three years ago, at the age of 25, and is
now 14 stone (89kg). She says she will work hard not to pass on her
problems with food to her four-month -old daughter as she grows older.
Tracey is continuing to help her daughter, who is now 15. "We're trying

hard and being much healthier, but she will probably be watching her
weight for the rest of her life, just like me. I feel awful about that."
BBC (no date) Unhealthy food ‘returning to school’ caterers warn.
Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-15887706 (Accessed:
16 May 2016).