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Scope of the Project I hoped to get the best possible understanding of the basic psychological concepts (those that enable humans to form a broader image of others) by choosing an individual for my interview who I consider to be intelligent and successful. I also hoped to find out more about this person to allow for a more candid relationship throughout the interview. However. Robert seemed to be the appropriate candidate. 2009 Personal Interview Profile Preamble The name of person that I chose to interview is confidential and his identity remains anonymous throughout this report. memorization.Final Project: Interview Profile Your Name Here Axia College of the University of Phoenix BEH 225 Instructor. It is pertinent that Robert holds a master’s degree in psychology. making him already interested in and knowledgeable about the behavioral sciences. including learning. Name Here Month Day. I will make reference him as “Robert Dylan” and derivatives of Robert Dylan. behavior and personality development. .
Who is Robert J.” My second question: Which learning strategies lend the learner to more easily retain information in the long-term memory? Robert stated that associates important information with a rhythmic pattern or by chunking the information. He resides with his family in a house that they share with their extended family. He shared several interesting methods he has for remembering. instead. My first question in the interview was: What modes of learning can you define and what is your own preferred mode of learning? Robert’s reply: “My brain learns and remembers new information by associating it to something it is already aware of and familiar with. when I need to recall it. and the influence of gender and ethnicity. Do you think you . Insights and the Interview This research report profiles the following areas: learning. the learner is “transported” in his mind back to a moment in the past when the new information was first introduced. married male who is employed fulltime as an executive in an office setting. which consists of his mother-in-law and fatherin-law. motivation. Dylan? Robert Dylan is a 28-year-old. He stated that living with his extended family focuses him on maintaining a high quality living environment for his own family. memory. intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation and study habits are covered. personality development. I will compare the test subject’s responses to my own responses to the same questions. “In other words. one day. Factors that relate to these areas are: early relationships. he said. He displays his awards and diploma prominently in his office. learning style. My first step in the interview was to determine the type of information processor (observational. intelligence and social cognition. I find that understanding my own processing style allows me to be better organized. He also shared that he feels that most senior executives are not compassionate toward their corporate workers and are. or experiential) that he is. Interview Setting The interview took place on a Wednesday at 1:00 in his office. insightful. These are all concepts that apply to everyone’s daily life. focused on their income and other personal concerns. The development of specific personality traits and attitudes is emphasized in this study. experiences. Caucasian. His office is well-kept and small and in a quiet area of the workspaces in this building. Robert feels that he has a positive influence on his team members because he cares about their overall well-being. In addition. I need activation in order to initiate the recall”. personality testing. His responses showed that he was both an insightful processor and an experiential processor in his style of learning and memorization.
Introverted Feeling. When questioned about: How well to you feel this test describes you? Please be specific why or why not.they love people. I prefer the library or other quiet space for reading. learning from observing without performing it (Observational Learning. he responded. People like to be around ESFJs. This occurs when a person alters his behavior in accordance to a model behavior through observing.3% of the total population is designated as ESFJ. They are extremely good at reading others. he feels that they added to improving his social skills and learning compassion for family members. yes…most definitely”. Extroverted Intuition. They use their Sensing and Judging characteristics to gather specific. 2001). who is a nurturer. He is. My Myers-Briggs test assigned to me the score of: ESFJ (Extroverted Sensing Feeling Judging. This would indicate social learning is taking place. In his case. He is able to remember names and numbers from several years ago. They want to like people. 2002).are able to easily process and remember information? Is memorization easy for you? “Oh. Robert stated that he felt these qualities were correctly assigned to his personality. observational learning is also taking place. Robert took the Myers-Briggs test and it yielded a score of: ISTJ (Introverted Sensing. BSM Consulting’s “Portrait of an ESFJ” (no date) says that “ESFJs are people persons . While some learners prefer to study at home regardless the noisy background they may encounter.” . detailed information about others. Next question: What facet is the primary one affecting your attitudes? “Environment plays a big role on how the information is processed. This is called a “seller”. with a strong sense of duty”. dependable. Even with this refined assay of types. and understanding their point of view. “This test is a model of which the results coincide with the responses you choose adding a thorough description according to characteristic attribution and what emerges from a particular behavior”. The ESFJ's strong desire to be liked and for everything to be pleasant makes them highly supportive of others. and have a special skill at bringing out the best in others. Extroverted Feeling with Introverted Sensing). They are warmly interested in others. which is measured through personality tests (Morris and Maisto. I feel that this test does accurately represent my personality. and turn this information into supportive judgments. others would rather study in the library. however. This type is described as being” structured.” This preference is similar to my own response to this question. Personality reveals characteristic behavior and a person’s typical behavior. because the ESFJ has a special gift of invariably making people feel good about themselves. He feels that personality traits do alter throughout a person’s life and that there are social and family factors affecting the development of personality. 12. Myers-Briggs has helped me gain a broader understanding of personality types. skeptical regarding these types of tests. imitating. Extroverted Thinking. some people do not ascribed to personality prototyping. For this to be true.
the Multiple Intelligence and the Implicit Association Test (IAT) tests and the Myers-Brigg test. For instance. but it is ultimately our own choice how we will view a situation. are more likely to support the death penalty when confronted with an argument against it. “But the bliss of self-discovery has its pitfalls. It may be best for at least two types of tests to be applied. Our attitudes are largely self-determined. Morris and Maisto (2002) define attitude as a firm formation of beliefs. Three findings are especially noteworthy: African-American citizens are much more responsive to arguments against the death penalty than whites. Many of the tests are "self-reported”. and behavior toward an object. “Validity is more problematic in that there is a tendency for people to answer “yes” rather than “no” to questions. gender and sexual orientation) and social life experiences all affect the development of personality. He was reticent in discussing his own behavior shaping and believes that environmental influences in the shaping behavior. how do a person’s race. He does not believe stereotypes about gender.I also applied the Tickle’s Original Inkblot Test to both my test subject and myself. saying “We explore how blacks and whites are differentially affected by such arguments. genetic and environmental factors (genetically inherited physical and mental capabilities. 2008. (Jones. who. That may account for such satisfying portrayals”. but this does not prove their validity. Robert showed high self-monitoring in that he controls his social behaviors closely and adapts himself carefully to specific situations. and expectations. 2006). and for their answers to show a social desirability bias” (Psychology an international. I asked: In your opinion. feelings. Among whites and blacks. He does feel that gender has a small impact on his attitudes. I may be content with the tests I have taken. I feel I am a low self-monitoring individual and. Values. beliefs. We both agreed that a single personality test could not provide a completely accurate description of an individual’s personality. (O’Neil. as such.” I asked how Robert . 2002). gender and ethnicity affect the formation of a person’s attitudes and overall personality? Hurwitz and Peffley (2004) present an analysis of the formation of blacks and whites’ attitudes on death penalty. His method of learning is to listen closely and to surround himself with positive people. beliefs about whether the criminal justice system is racial biased affect the success of different arguments in lowering support. with answers reflecting people's own opinions of their behavior and attitudes. as well as the individual-level characteristics responsible for shifts in death penalty support across argument conditions. We agreed that this test is less precise due to its abstractedness. He does acknowledge that race and ethnic distinctions have a strong influence in society. ¶14). I think about my own beliefs and sometimes poorly control my own reactions in situations. High and low-self monitoring are the two observational tendencies which play roles in behavior shaping. if anything. even though media gives gender differences a great deal of influence on social attitudes as a whole. Our perspectives have been influenced by a wide variety of factors.
We both prefer to learn new information through observation. Robert states that he prefers intrinsic motivation. I found that he and I were similar in some ways and quite different in other areas of learning styles.allacademic. behavior and cognition. 2009.com/2002/0913/p03s01ussc. We do both view personality testing in the same light and have a propensity toward the same learning and motivation types. from http://www.A. Intrinsic motivation however.com/observational_learning. Retrieved January 20. J. A. & Peffley. Web users go nuts on personality tests.).. and to learn. (2002). M. C. to expand abilities. Retrieved January 19. to investigate. Christian Science Monitor. from http://www. from http://www. rather than from its result”. Ryan and Deci (2000) describe intrinsic motivation as the natural inclination to look for uniqueness and challenge.G. and have an appreciation of the task which will rather generate a more creative output. (2006).perceived this penalty. O’Neil.htm Morris. which matches my own preference. saying: “Extrinsic motivation gives time to think and make choices.d.html Funderstanding. Retrieved January 21.com/ESFJ..html Jones. "Race and the Death Penalty: The Determinants and Resilience of Attitudes toward Capital Punishment among Whites and African Americans". from . (2004.cfm Hurwitz. Retrieved January 5. Retrieved January 19. Upper Saddle River. (2002). Personality Development. 2009.csmonitor. Portrait of an ESFJ. References BSM Consulting (n. T. D. Psychology: An Introduction (12th ed.).funderstanding. He agreed with Hurwitz and Peffley.personalitypage. & Maisto. April). 2009. 2009. but he is better in using his insight and learning through experience. 2009. Summary This interview did increase my own understanding and revealed that Robert understands the psychological concepts listed at the beginning of the study. from http://www. Observational Learning (2001). The study subject is high self-monitoring and I am low self-monitoring. Through this course of study. satisfies the inner activity process I perform. NJ: Prentice Hall. I have gained greater tolerance for other types of individuals who exhibit different abilities and attitudes than my own.com/meta/p82615_index.
from http://www.. from www. Retrieved January 11. and Well-Being.pdf . (2002). Personality Assessment. Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation. 2009.edu/SDT/documents/2000_RyanDeci_SDT. & Deci.htm Psychology an International Perspective (2008).edu/social/soc_3.palomar. Retrieved January 19.http://anthro. Social Development.psych.rochester.com/pip/resources/slp/topic. R. 2009.asp? chapter=ch13&topic=ch13-sc-03 Ryan. M. L.psypress. E.