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PROJECT:

TITLE:

Rev.:
Design Calculation For Lifting Lug For Plate Flipping In Panel
Line Shop

Worst Case:
Material of Lifting Lug

= Mild Steel Grade A

Yield Stress ()

= 24

(kg/mm2)

SWL of Gantry Crane in Panel Line Shop

= 1.2

(tonnes)

Safety Factor

= 2.11

Design Load (DL)

= 2.532

(tonnes)

Load on Each End (F1 = DL / 2)

= 1.266

(tonnes)

Wire Sling Angle ()


Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 1.33
= 0.39

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 50

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Allowable Shear Stress (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1500
= 9.6
= 14400
= 14.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 1.33

(tonnes)

Weld Leg Size (Hw)

= 18

(mm)

Weld Length (Lw)


Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Stress Of Weld (w)
Allowable Shear Stress Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 75
= 3818.376618
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.41554
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 1.266

(tonnes)

Bending load considered (F1 /2)

= 0.633

(tonnes)

Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 135

(mm)

= 0.135

(m)

= 300

(mm)

Check for Shear

Check for Weld

Check for Bending


i) Lifting while Panel is Horizontal

Width (W)

Date:

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in X-axis (Zx)

= 30
= 450000
= 450

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

Allowable Bending Stress (b)


Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 0.09
= 6.25

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 450

(cm3)

Bending load considered

= 0.39

(tonnes)

Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 150

(mm)

= 0.15

(m)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Zy)

= 300
= 45000
= 45

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

Allowable Bending Stress (b)


Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 0.06
= 4.17

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 45

(cm3)

ii) Lifting while Panel is Vertical

Hence, SWL 25T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping

Actual Case 1 (B1-SP2 & SP4):


Material of Lifting Lug

= Mild Steel Grade A (A36)

Actual Weight of Load to be Lifted (Fa)


Factored Weight (Ff = Fa x 1.25)

= 13.71
= 17.14

(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Load on Each End (F1 = Ff / 2)

= 8.57

(tonnes)

Wire Sling Angle ()


Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 8.97
= 2.63

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 46.5

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()
Shear Strength Of Mild Steel (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1395
= 24
= 9.6
= 13392
= 13.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 8.97

(tonnes)

Weld Leg Size (Hw)

= 18

(mm)

Weld Length (Lw)


Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Strength Of Weld (w)
Shear Strength Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 150
= 3818.376618
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.42
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 17.14

(tonnes)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Z)

= 130
= 19500
= 19.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 100
= 0.1
= 36
= 21.6
= 0.567
= 26.25

(mm)
(m)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 19.5

(cm3)

Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()


Bending Strength Of Mild Steel (b)
Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

Hence, SWL 12T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping
Actual Case 2 (B1-SP5, SP6 & SP7):
Material of Lifting Lug

= Mild Steel Grade A (A36)

Actual Weight of Load to be Lifted (Fa)

= 15.76

(tonnes)

Factored Weight (Ff = Fa x 1.25)

= 19.7

(tonnes)

Load on Each End (F1 = Ff / 2)

= 9.85

(tonnes)

Wire Sling Angle ()


Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 10.31
= 3.02

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 46.5

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()
Shear Strength Of Mild Steel (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1395
= 24
= 9.6
= 13392
= 13.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 10.31

(tonnes)

Weld Leg Size (Hw)

= 18

(mm)

Weld Length (Lw)


Weld Shear Area (Aw)

= 150
(mm)
= 3818.376618 (mm2)

Yield Strength Of Weld (w)


Shear Strength Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.41554
= 36.66

(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 19.7

(tonnes)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Z)

= 130
= 19500
= 19.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 75
= 0.075
= 24
= 14.4
= 0.23
= 15.98

(mm)
(m)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 19.7

(cm3)

Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()


Bending Strength Of Mild Steel (b)
Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

Hence, SWL 12T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping
Actual Case 3 (B1-SP8, SP9 & SP10):
Material of Lifting Lug

= Mild Steel Grade A (A36)

Actual Weight of Load to be Lifted (Fa)


Factored Weight (Ff = Fa x 1.25)

= 16.82
= 21.025

(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Load on Each End (F1 = Ff / 2)

= 10.52

(tonnes)

Wire Sling Angle ()


Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )

= 73
= 11.01

()
(tonnes)

Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 3.22

(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 46.5

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()
Shear Strength Of Mild Steel (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1395
= 24
= 9.6
= 13392
= 13.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 11.01

(tonnes)

Weld Leg Size (Hw)

= 18

(mm)

Weld Length (Lw)


Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Strength Of Weld (w)
Shear Strength Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 150
= 3818.376618
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.41554
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 21.025

(tonnes)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Z)

= 130
= 19500
= 19.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 75
= 0.075
= 24
= 14.4
= 0.25
= 17.37

(mm)
(m)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 19.5

(cm3)

Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()


Bending Strength Of Mild Steel (b)
Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

Hence, SWL 12T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping

Note: 2-point lifting


Note: Min. 70 to prevent lifting lug bending

Note: Hole Dia = 54 mm

Note: Shear Stress = 40% of Yield Stress

Note: Fillet weld

Note: Shear Stress = 40% of Yield Stress

Note: Since one edge of the plate is supported on the


ground, the total load F1 is considered to be acting equally
at lug and the ground support

Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress

Note: Load considered is the horizontal load

Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress

Note: 2-point lifting

Note: Hole size = 37mm

Note: Shear Strength = 40% of Yield Strength

Note: Fillet weld

Note: Shear Strength = 40% of Yield Strength

Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress

Note: 2-point lifting

Note: Hole size = 37mm

Note: Shear Strength = 40% of Yield Strength

Note: Fillet weld

Note: Shear Strength = 40% of Yield Strength

Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress

Note: 2-point lifting

Note: Hole size = 37mm

Note: Shear Strength = 40% of Yield Strength

Note: Fillet weld

Note: Shear Strength = 40% of Yield Strength

Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress

PROJECT:
TITLE:

Rev.:
Design Calculation For Lifting Lug For Plate Flipping In Panel
Line Shop

Worst Case:
Material of Lifting Lug

= Mild Steel Grade A

Yield Stress ()

= 24

(kg/mm2)

SWL of Gantry Crane in Panel Line Shop

= 20

(tonnes)

Safety Factor

= 1.5

Design Load (DL)

= 30

(tonnes)

Load on Each End (F1 = DL / 2)

= 15

(tonnes)

Wire Sling Angle ()


Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 15.69
= 4.59

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 50

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Allowable Shear Stress (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1500
= 9.6
= 14400
= 14.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

< 15.69

(tonnes)

Weld Leg Size (Hw)

= 18

(mm)

Weld Length (Lw)


Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Stress Of Weld (w)
Allowable Shear Stress Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 75
= 3818.37662
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.4155
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 15

(tonnes)

Bending load considered (F1 /2)

= 7.5

(tonnes)

Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 135

(mm)

= 0.135

(m)

= 230

(mm)

Check for Shear

Check for Weld

Check for Bending


i) Lifting while Panel is Horizontal

Width (W)

Date:

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in X-axis (Zx)

= 30
= 264500
= 264.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

Allowable Bending Stress (b)


Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 1.02
= 70.84

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 264.5

(cm3)

Bending load considered

= 4.59

(tonnes)

Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 150

(mm)

= 0.15

(m)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Zy)

= 230
= 34500
= 34.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

Allowable Bending Stress (b)


Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 0.69
= 47.92

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

> 34.5

(cm3)

ii) Lifting while Panel is Vertical

Hence, SWL 17T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping

Note: 2-point lifting


Note: Min. 70 to prevent lifting lug bending

Note: Hole Dia = 44 mm

Note: Shear Stress = 40% of Yield Stress

Note: Fillet weld

Note: Shear Stress = 40% of Yield Stress

Note: Since one edge of the plate is supported on the


ground, the total load F1 is considered to be acting
equally at lug and the ground support

Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress

Note: Load considered is the horizontal load

Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress