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# PROJECT:

TITLE:

Rev.:
Design Calculation For Lifting Lug For Plate Flipping In Panel
Line Shop

Worst Case:
Material of Lifting Lug

Yield Stress ()

= 24

(kg/mm2)

= 1.2

(tonnes)

Safety Factor

= 2.11

= 2.532

(tonnes)

= 1.266

(tonnes)

## Wire Sling Angle ()

Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 1.33
= 0.39

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 50

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Allowable Shear Stress (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1500
= 9.6
= 14400
= 14.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 1.33

(tonnes)

= 18

(mm)

## Weld Length (Lw)

Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Stress Of Weld (w)
Allowable Shear Stress Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 75
= 3818.376618
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.41554
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 1.266

(tonnes)

= 0.633

(tonnes)

= 135

(mm)

= 0.135

(m)

= 300

(mm)

## Check for Bending

i) Lifting while Panel is Horizontal

Width (W)

Date:

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in X-axis (Zx)

= 30
= 450000
= 450

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

## Allowable Bending Stress (b)

Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 0.09
= 6.25

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 450

(cm3)

= 0.39

(tonnes)

## Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 150

(mm)

= 0.15

(m)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Zy)

= 300
= 45000
= 45

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

## Allowable Bending Stress (b)

Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 0.06
= 4.17

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 45

(cm3)

## ii) Lifting while Panel is Vertical

Hence, SWL 25T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping

## Actual Case 1 (B1-SP2 & SP4):

Material of Lifting Lug

## Actual Weight of Load to be Lifted (Fa)

Factored Weight (Ff = Fa x 1.25)

= 13.71
= 17.14

(tonnes)
(tonnes)

= 8.57

(tonnes)

## Wire Sling Angle ()

Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 8.97
= 2.63

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 46.5

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()
Shear Strength Of Mild Steel (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1395
= 24
= 9.6
= 13392
= 13.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 8.97

(tonnes)

= 18

(mm)

## Weld Length (Lw)

Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Strength Of Weld (w)
Shear Strength Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 150
= 3818.376618
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.42
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 17.14

(tonnes)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Z)

= 130
= 19500
= 19.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

= 100
= 0.1
= 36
= 21.6
= 0.567
= 26.25

(mm)
(m)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 19.5

(cm3)

## Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()

Bending Strength Of Mild Steel (b)
Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

Hence, SWL 12T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping
Actual Case 2 (B1-SP5, SP6 & SP7):
Material of Lifting Lug

= 15.76

(tonnes)

= 19.7

(tonnes)

= 9.85

(tonnes)

## Wire Sling Angle ()

Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 10.31
= 3.02

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 46.5

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()
Shear Strength Of Mild Steel (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1395
= 24
= 9.6
= 13392
= 13.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 10.31

(tonnes)

= 18

(mm)

## Weld Length (Lw)

Weld Shear Area (Aw)

= 150
(mm)
= 3818.376618 (mm2)

## Yield Strength Of Weld (w)

Shear Strength Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.41554
= 36.66

(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 19.7

(tonnes)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Z)

= 130
= 19500
= 19.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

= 75
= 0.075
= 24
= 14.4
= 0.23
= 15.98

(mm)
(m)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 19.7

(cm3)

## Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()

Bending Strength Of Mild Steel (b)
Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

Hence, SWL 12T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping
Actual Case 3 (B1-SP8, SP9 & SP10):
Material of Lifting Lug

## Actual Weight of Load to be Lifted (Fa)

Factored Weight (Ff = Fa x 1.25)

= 16.82
= 21.025

(tonnes)
(tonnes)

= 10.52

(tonnes)

## Wire Sling Angle ()

Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )

= 73
= 11.01

()
(tonnes)

## Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 3.22

(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 46.5

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()
Shear Strength Of Mild Steel (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1395
= 24
= 9.6
= 13392
= 13.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 11.01

(tonnes)

= 18

(mm)

## Weld Length (Lw)

Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Strength Of Weld (w)
Shear Strength Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 150
= 3818.376618
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.41554
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 21.025

(tonnes)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Z)

= 130
= 19500
= 19.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

= 75
= 0.075
= 24
= 14.4
= 0.25
= 17.37

(mm)
(m)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 19.5

(cm3)

## Yield Strength Of Mild Steel ()

Bending Strength Of Mild Steel (b)
Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

Hence, SWL 12T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping

## Note: 2-point lifting

Note: Min. 70 to prevent lifting lug bending

## Note: Since one edge of the plate is supported on the

ground, the total load F1 is considered to be acting equally
at lug and the ground support

## Note: Bending Stress = 60% of Yield Stress

PROJECT:
TITLE:

Rev.:
Design Calculation For Lifting Lug For Plate Flipping In Panel
Line Shop

Worst Case:
Material of Lifting Lug

Yield Stress ()

= 24

(kg/mm2)

= 20

(tonnes)

Safety Factor

= 1.5

= 30

(tonnes)

= 15

(tonnes)

## Wire Sling Angle ()

Load along Wire Sling (F2 = F1 / sin )
Load along X-Axis (F3 = F1 x cos )

= 73
= 15.69
= 4.59

()
(tonnes)
(tonnes)

Height (H)

= 50

(mm)

Width (W)
Shear Area (A)
Allowable Shear Stress (s)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 30
= 1500
= 9.6
= 14400
= 14.4

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

< 15.69

(tonnes)

= 18

(mm)

## Weld Length (Lw)

Weld Shear Area (Aw)
Yield Stress Of Weld (w)
Allowable Shear Stress Of Weld (sw)
Allowable Shear Force (Fas)

= 75
= 3818.37662
= 24
= 9.6
= 36656.4155
= 36.66

(mm)
(mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg/mm2)
(kg)
(tonnes)

> 15

(tonnes)

= 7.5

(tonnes)

= 135

(mm)

= 0.135

(m)

= 230

(mm)

## Check for Bending

i) Lifting while Panel is Horizontal

Width (W)

Date:

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in X-axis (Zx)

= 30
= 264500
= 264.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

## Allowable Bending Stress (b)

Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 1.02
= 70.84

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

< 264.5

(cm3)

= 4.59

(tonnes)

## Distance from Lifting Eye to Plate (D1)

= 150

(mm)

= 0.15

(m)

Width (W)

= 30

(mm)

Depth (D)
Section Modulus of Lifting Lug in Y-axis (Zy)

= 230
= 34500
= 34.5

(mm)
(mm3)
(cm3)

## Allowable Bending Stress (b)

Bending Moment (Mb)
Section Modulus Required (Zr)

= 14.4
= 0.69
= 47.92

(kg/mm2)
(Tm)
(cm3)

> 34.5

(cm3)

## ii) Lifting while Panel is Vertical

Hence, SWL 17T shackles and wire slings shall be suitable for plate flipping
Hence, design load of 16T lifting lugs shall be suitable for plate flipping

## Note: 2-point lifting

Note: Min. 70 to prevent lifting lug bending

## Note: Since one edge of the plate is supported on the

ground, the total load F1 is considered to be acting
equally at lug and the ground support