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Social

Social Cognition
Cognition
And
And
Gender-Typing
Gender-Typing

Social Cognition and Gender-typing

Children learn what is considered


masculine and feminine in the
society by means of observational
learning and socialization.
In social-cognitive theory, rewards
and punishments influence children
to imitate adults models of the
same gender.

Social Cognition and Gender-typing


Parents may reward children for behavior they
consider appropriate and punish them for behavior
they considered inappropriate.

Social Cognition and Gender-typing


Parents may reward children for behavior they
consider appropriate and punish them for behavior
they considered inappropriate.

Stereotypical masculine and


Feminine Traits
Masculine
Adventurous
Aggressive
Assertive
Capable
Confident
Pleasureseeker

Courageous
Rational
Determined
hard-headed
Independent
Intelligent

Feminine
Affectionate
Agreeable
Cautious
Dependable
Emotional
Emotional
Fearful
Fickle
Gentle
Kind
Patient
Sensitive
Talkative

The Gender-Schema Theory of


Gender-Typing
Children develop a gender schema as a means of
organizing their perceptions of the world.

A gender schema is a cluster of ideas about


asculine and
feminine physical traits.

both biology and social cognition interact to affect


ost
areas of behaviour and mental processes

Observational Learning

Observatio
nal
Learning

It refers to acquiring
knowledge
by
observing
others.
Also termed modeling
or cognitive learning.

There is no original or primary


gender a drag imitates but gender
is a kind of imitation for which
there is no original.
-Judith Butler