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Separate but Equal

By: Morgan, Haley, Jarrett and Cory

Background

Separate but equal: United States constitutional law that justified and permitted racial segregation; equal rights to all citizens and civil right laws.

1887, Florida passed the first law requiring railways to provide equal but separate accommodations for the white, and colored, races.

Segregation- the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart.

The facilities and social services offered to African- Americans were almost always of lower quality than those offered to white Americans.

PLESSY v. FERGUSON

1896, the Supreme Court concluded that a Louisiana law requiring whites and blacks to ride in separate railroad cars did not violate the Equal Protection Clause.

Plessy ruling provided legal justification for segregation in transportation, public accommodations, and schools until the Supreme Court effectively overruled it in the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision.

Plessy was of mixed ancestry, claimed that his constitutional rights had been violated when he was forced to move to a

"colored's only cart" while riding a train.

This case made it that blacks and whites were completely separated. You even had to go on a specific bus.

Jim Crow

Enabled between 1876-1965

The segregation of public schools, public places, and public transportation, and the segregation of restrooms, restaurants, and drinking fountains for whites and blacks.

The U.S. military was also segregated.

Many economic, educational, and social disadvantages for colored people.

A march on Washington by over 200,000 in 1963 dramatized the movement to end Jim Crow.

Southern whites often responded with violence, and federal troops were needed to preserve order and protect blacks.

“It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards."

Jim Crow Cont…

Jim Crow laws functioned to keep black and white people separated, particularly in social settings and social institutions such as marriage. The states and cities were allowed to punish people who went against these laws.

Jim Crow laws made it so blacks and whites were not allowed to be together. They had to be separated completely. If they weren’t then they could be punished and the government was also in favor with this too.

Brown v Board

This case made it so blacks and whites were not separated.

If a black wanted to go to school with any whites then they could.

Ended legal segregation in public schools.

Everyone then became equal because it would end the Jim Crow laws eventually.

Pictures

• Black School

Pictures • Black School Waiting room

Waiting room

Pictures • Black School Waiting room
Pictures • Black School Waiting room

Works Cited

https://www.boundless.com/political-science/civil-

rights/the-civil-rights-movement/separate-but-equal--2/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Crow_laws

http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/jim-

crow-laws.html

http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples/examples-

of-jim-crow-laws.html