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. Each coral has a limestone skeleton that is left behind when it dies 2 why are coral reefs important Coral reefs are important because they are home to many animals (including the polyps) that can only live in the coral safe from predators. They are also important because they are a fragile environment that is very hard to sustain. 3 explain why reefs are under threat Coral reefs are under threat because of coral bleaching which is where the sea level rises and stops the sunlight getting to the algae that photosynthesise and feed the coral. The coral is also under threat because the rise in demand for fish has caused fishermen to go to the coral and fish which is drastically altering the ecosystem. Harry Dawe