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LO7

1. This stage of Buddha's Eightfold path addresses the developing of mental focus
necessary for awareness.=right concentration
2. It is the sole reality, for it is the metaphysical unity which is manifested in all
empirical plurality.=atman
3. It specifically refers to the illusion superimposed upon reality as an effect of
ignorance.=Maya
4. Which Eastern philosophical system highlights the Four Noble Truths which are
Dukkha, Samudaya, Nirodha, and Magga?=Buddhism
5. It is the ultimate reality; the supreme reality which transcends all things and yet
underlies all things as the ground of all things.=brahman
6. What is the oldest extant literary works of the Aryan mind which means "knowledge"
in Sanskrit.=vedas
7. From Buddha's Eightfold path, this stage indicates cultivating positive states of mind;
freeing oneself from evil and unwholesome states and preventing them arising in
future.=right effort
8. Which is not true about Nirvana?=someone who reaches nirvana
9. Which Eastern philosophical system highlights the inner man and his reality?
=Hinduism
10. The three roots of evil according to Buddhism are the following, EXCEPT:=Lust and
craving

LO8

1. Since all existent things depend upon other things for their existence, there must
exist at least one thing that is not dependent and so is a ______.=necessary being

2. According to Augustine, _______ allows for the very possibility of knowing.=faith


3. The Wager, which was formulated by Blaise Pascal, is a ______ of God=statistical
and probability
The Five Ways formulated by Aquinas, which is meant to be a proof for the existence
of God, argues by:=necessary beginning
5. What was the greatest contribution of Augustine to the history of Philosophy and
Theology?=plato to a Christian framework
6. Hegel posits ______ in order to formulate a system of thought meant to explain all
of reality?=geist
7. This being than which no greater can be conceived is:=God
8. For Blaise Pascal, despite his rational Wager, he believes that without ______, life
would lose its value.=The heart
9. The Ontological Argument formulated by Anselm, which is meant to be a proof for
the existence of God, argues by:=highest and perfect being
10. In the Brothers Karamazov by Dostoevsky, Ivan says he wants to return the ticket of
his to God. Why?=he is going to commit suicide

4.

LO9
1. What is characteristic of human consciousness?=nothingness
2. Jean-Paul Sartre calls it ______ when we put the blame on other people or outside
circumstances whenever we commit wrong acts.=bad faith

3. Human beings are pour soi, or being-for-itself, but becomes en soi, or being beingin-itself, when:=when we abandon

4. Hegel posits ______ in order to formulate a system of thought meant to explain all
of reality?= geist
5. What was the greatest contribution of Augustine to the history of Philosophy and
Theology?=plato to a Christian framework

6. According to Augustine, _______ allows for the very possibility of knowing.=faith

LO10
1. Utilitarian ethics is often criticized because it undermines:=the uniqueness of man
2. A philosophical worldview which emphasizes equality and liberty among
men=liberalism
3. The benefit of an ethics as proposed by Nietzsche is that it is:=all of the answrs
4. In ethics, that right action consists solely in the conformity of an action to a justified
rule or principle is called:=deontological ethics
5. According to Rawls, Justice can only be formed only within a hypothetical contract,
essentially characterized by:=the veil
6. Bentham felt that it was not useful to involve legislature or societal constraints
on:=private masters
7. Nietzsche said that God is dead because:=the concept of god