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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 B. A.What is the purpose of the body part? 1 A muscular organ on the floor of the mouth which aids in speech. Use the diagrams on pp. Structure Tongue Function. & III. & 5 Complete activities I.Axia College Material Appendix F Identifying Anatomical Structures Ch. & C. and swallowing. II. B. 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 C. Oral Cavity Teeth Tongue Sublingual gland Submandibular gland Parotid gland Pharynx Esophagus Esophagus Cardiac sphincter Fundus Body of stomach Pylorus Pyloric sphincter Pancreas Duodenum Omentum Antrum Rugae Cardia 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Liver Duodenum Ascending colon Cecum Appendix Rectum Anus Transverse colon Descending colon Sigmoid colon ILEUM Stomach Spleen Jejunum Determine the primary function of the following system components. chewing. 103-104 to complete sections A. and is the location of the HCA 220 . 4. I. and post to the Individual forum.
The duodenum responsibility is to further process the material from the stomach (called chyme). Ducts from these glands bring salvia into the oral 2 Submandibular gland. If you constantly are under stress. 3 Rugae- 4 Cardiac sphincter- 5 Duodenum- 6 Omentum- 7 Liver- 8 Pharynx- II. It does this by secreting enzymes that aid in digestion. The submadibular glands are located under the lower jaw bone (mandible). then your body “releases high amounts of steroids into your bloodstream in the form of the hormone cortisol”. The liver is an accessory organ of digestion. A. Your omentum takes these hormones from your bloodstream. the rugae fold and become stretched in. at the inferior end of the esophagus. Nasal cavity Pharynx Larynx Apex of lung 1 Bronchiole 2 Cluster of alveoli 3 Carbon dioxide 4 Oxygen HCA 220 . A fatty layer of tissue located inside the belly that hangs underneath the stomach muscles. The mucosa of the duodenum produces mucus as protection from stomach acid. which is the job of your omentum. Your body must deal with these excess hormones. This allows it to expand. which allows expansion in the stomach’s volume without increased pressure. From the gallbladder and pancreas. 166 to complete sections A & B. digestive enzymes enter the duodenum through ducts. The cardiac sphincter is near the heart. which in turn step up the fat storage ability of your omentum. inhaled air. It helps prevent the stomach acid from coming back up. and exhaled air. It relaxes to allow food to enter the stomach. The liver is the largest solid organ in the body. Its main purpose is to store fat.taste buds (the organs of the sense of taste). It is not physically involved with but does contribute to the process of digestion.cavity. It also produces bile. 1 2 3 4 B. The cardiac sphincter is located near the lower portion of the esophagus. The pharynx acts as a common passageway for ingested food. Use the diagrams on p. When food enters the stomach.
The bronchioles are not composed of cartilage but rather of smooth muscle. Here alveoli allow the oxygen to be absorbed by the blood cells and the blood to transfer throughout the body. The windpipe. It is a passageway for exhaled and inhaled. as opposed to the framework of connective tissue that supports and surrounds the alveoli. Structure Function. or air sacs. The bronchioles are smaller airways that send the air on to the inside walls of the lungs. is a muscular tube about four inches in length and one inch in diameter. Surfactant is a protein-fat compound with two jobs: to create surface tension. Here it is pumped throughout the body to reach each cell. also called trachea. The alveoli secrete surfactant. This is where carbon dioxide from the body and oxygen from the air are changed. the functional part of the lung.What is the purpose of the body part? 1 Cluster of alveoli- Within each lung. Oxygen in the inhaled air moves from the alveoli into the blood within the lungs. Oxygenated blood travels from the lungs to the heart.5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Rib Bronchus Sternum Base of lung Trachea Cluster of alveoli Bronchioles Diaphragm 5 Capillary 6 Red blood cell Determine the primary function of the following system components. and to keep the walls of the alveolus from collapsing with each exhalation. all the alveoli are called the pulmonary parenchyma. On 2 Bronchioles- 3 4 OxygenTrachea- HCA 220 . Inhaled gas that is used by each cell produces energy in the process of metabolism. Collectively. the bronchioles end in clusters of alveoli. A column of Cshaped rings of cartilage that provide support to the trachea is located on the anterior surface of the trachea. Alveoli are microscopic air sacs at the end of each bronchiole. This occurs when the red blood cells bind and the oxygen is carried to the body.
The larynx merges into the trachea below the vocal cords. the trachea is flexible. rather than into the larynx. At the lungs. so uncompromised function is vital for supporting the ventilatory and gas exchange demands that are associated with physical activity. muscles pull the larynx up to meet the epiglottis (which is a lidlike structure that seals off the trachea) so that food moves across the top of the epiglottis and into the esophagus. They then combine to form veins. It connects the arterioles to the venules. along with plasma and water. where there is no cartilage. it is able to flatten in order to make room for food when it passes through the esophagus. which allows air to pass through the vocal cords. the red blood cells trade carbon dioxide for oxygen. Capillaries combine and form larger blood vessels which are known as venules. The smallest blood vessel in the body is a capillary. Then they flow to the body’s tissues. They then return to the lungs and repeat the process. Carbon dioxide dissolves in the blood or else it is carried by red blood cells and moves into the alveoli. Exhaled gas is a waste product of cellular metabolism. Caron dioxide is a gaseous waste product of metabolism which the lungs exhale. It is the primary muscle of inspiration. The muscle that allows us to breathe is the diaphragm. The exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen 5 Larynx- 6 Carbon dioxide- 7 8 Red blood cellMainstem bronchus- 9 Diaphragm- 10 Capillary- HCA 220 . also called larynx. release oxygen and take carbon dioxide. Red blood cells are a part of blood. The voice box. is a passageway for exhaled and inhaled air. Hemoglobin is a protein within red blood cells that contains a special ironcontaining prosthetic group heme. and diaphragm function is compromised with obesity and age.the posterior surface. A healthy diaphragm might fatigue during intense exercise. The larynx stays open during speech and respiration. This is the part of red blood cells that bind oxygen. which carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body through the circulatory system. While swallowing occurs. The lumen of it is so small that blood cells have to pass through single file.
It supplies blood mostly to the thumb. where it is felt as a pulse. index finger.III. 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Aortic arch Ascending aorta Thoracic aorta Brachial artery Radial artery Ulnar artery Peroneal artery Posterior tibial artery Anterior tibial artery Popliteal artery Femoral artery External iliac artery Internal iliac artery Common iliac artery Abdominal aorta Renal artery Coronary artery Axillary artery Subclavian artery Common carotid artery Internal carotid artery Determine the primary function of the following system components. This artery is part of the subclaivan artery which brings oxygenated blood from the aorta to the left shoulder and arm. Use the diagrams on pp. Aorta Superior vena cava Pulmonary valve Right atrium Tricuspid valve Inferior vena cava Right ventricle Apex Interventricualr septum Left ventricle Chordate tendinae Aortic valve Mitral valve Left atrium Pulmonary artery Atriovententricular node Sinoatrial node Bundle of His Bundle branches Purkinjie fibers B. A. (Major artery that carries blood to the lower arm along the side by the thumb). The 2 Radial artery3 Sinoatrial (SA) node- HCA 220 . Structure Function. B. Pacemaker of the heart. & C. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 C. A major artery that follows the course of the radius on the ventral aspect of the forearm to the wrist. then enters the hand. Small knot tissue of tissue located in the posterior wall of the right atrium. (Major artery that carries blood into the upper arm). 224-225 to complete sections A.What is the purpose of the body part? 1 Brachial artery- The brachial artery is a major artery in the upper arm. and muscles of the forearm.
The pulmonary valve is open as blood flows into the pulmonary artery and closes to keep blood from flowing back into the right ventricle. Small knot of tissue located between the right ventricle and right atrium.e. i. and abdomen. overcoming the much higher aortic pressure and the extra pressure that is required to stretch the aorta and other major arteries enough to expand and make room for the sudden increase in blood volume. Itreceives electrical impulses from the SA node. It contracts forcibly to move the majority of this blood into the aorta. Arteries branch off from the aorta and carry blood to the legs. systolic contraction and ejection. The pulmonary valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary arteries that carry blood to the lungs. The inferior vena cava is one of two veins which carry deoxygenated blood from the body into the right atrium of the heart. Able to rapidly increase or decrease its pumping capacity under nervous system control. Ropelike strands that support the mitral and tricuspid valves and keep their leaflets tightly closed when the ventricles are contracting. It originates the electrical impulse for the entire conduction system of the heart. i. arms. the other vein is the superior vena cava: inferior deals with blood coming from 4 Aorta- 5 Pulmonary valve- 6 Chordae tendinae- Atrioventricular (AV) 7 node- 8 Left ventricle- 9 Right ventricle10 Inferior vena cava- HCA 220 .SA node dictates the heart rate at 70 to 80 beats per minute when the body is at rest. The lower right chamber of the heart that receives deoxygenated blood from the right atrium and pumps it under low pressure into the lungs via the pulmonary artery. The left ventricle relaxes rapidly after each contraction to fill with oxygenated blood flowing from the lung veins. The AV node is part of the conduction system of the heart. chest. head.e. The aorta is the largest artery of the body and receives oxygenated blood from the heart. diastolic relaxation and filling.
and legs and takes it to the heart). pelvis. superior deals with blood coming from above the heart. (The inferior vena cava receives blood form the abdomen.body areas below the heart. HCA 220 .
superior vena cava: inferior deals with blood coming from body areas below the heart. and legs and takes it to the heart). pelvis. superior deals with blood coming from above the heart. HCA 220 . (The inferior vena cava receives blood form the abdomen.
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