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25/05/2016

Whatisthemaindifferencebetweenelasticdesignandplasticdesign?Whatdoesshapefactor=(zp/ze)physicallysignify?Quora
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Whatisthemaindifferencebetweenelasticdesignand
plasticdesign?Whatdoesshapefactor=(zp/ze)
physicallysignify?
2Answers
Anonymous

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ZeistheElasticSectionModulus
ZpisthePlasticSectionModulus
Zeisusedtodeterminethemaximumbendingmomentuptothepointwheretheextreme
fiberhasyieldedelastically.Allotherfiberswillbebelowtheirelasticyieldstress.
Zpisusedtodeterminethemaximumbendingmomentatthethepointwhereallfibers
haveyieldedelasticallyandtheentiresectionisbehavingplastically.Thisisthepointwhen
thesocalledplastichingehasdeveloped.
Shapefactorisjusttheratioofthesetwoparameters,ithasnophysicalmeaning,itisjust
usefulincomputation.
ItisworthnotingthatShapefactorisveryhighforshapeslikerectangles(1.5)whileforan
Ibeamitisusuallyaround1.1to1.2.Thereasonisthattherectanglehasalotmore
materialbelowtheextremefiber.FortheIbeam,onceithasreachedyieldingthereisn't
muchmaterialleft,justalittlebitofflangeandthetinystripofweb.Ofcourseifwecreate
anewfactorthatcomparesthesectionModulus(eitherone)withtheareaofthesection
(Thebendingstrengthtoarea/weightratio),you'llquicklyberemindedofwhyweusean
IBeaminthefirstplace.

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Written27Jan2015ViewUpvotes

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Forthedesignofstructures,whatisthetypeofstructuralanalysisused(elastic,inelasticor
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SatishKumar
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Itisanalysisnotdesign.
ShapefactorindicatesHowthemomentcapacityvariesinbothanalysisw.r.tshape
Written27Jan2015ViewUpvotesAnswerrequestedbyNayanDutta

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25/05/2016

Whatisthemaindifferencebetweenelasticdesignandplasticdesign?Whatdoesshapefactor=(zp/ze)physicallysignify?Quora

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