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HuffsticklerandStephens1

SimeonStephensandDillonHuffstickler

Mrs.Agar

EnglishIIhonors

22March2016

ItsaHardKnockLife

Thewealthoffewcomesfromthepovertyofmany,hundredsofcompaniesprofitoffthe
painandsufferingofsubsaharanvillages.ThewartornareaofSouthAfricahasbeeninneedof
assistanceontheconcerningsituations,fromwartofoodshortagesandallofoursolutionstothe
problemhasbeeninvain.Thereareavarietyofideasthoughtuptomendtheimmensedamage
thathavebeendonetotheeconomyofsubsaharanAfrica.Africanslackofwealthand
resourceshavebeennegativelyimpactedfromoutsidecountries,andcorporationsthathave
corruptedtheirsocietybecauseofselfishpersonalinterest.
TherootofAfricasdecreasingeconomyhasdifferentcausessuchas,Corporations,
Worldwideinfluences,andInnercontinentalsituations.AccordingtoRobinsonandAcemoglu
Theonlyjobsblackscouldtakeinthewhiteeconomywereasunskilledworkersonfarms,in
minesorasservantsforwhitepeople.Sucheconomicinstitutions,whichwecall'extractive',sap
theincentivesandopportunitiesofthevastmassofthepopulationandtherebykeepasociety
poor(AcemogluandRobinson).HowcanAfricansexpecttheircountrytobecomebetter
economicallyiftheirlawsdontgivethemthefreedomstodoso.Africanjobsatthispointin
timehaveaverypoorincomesothisforcesthemtonotbeabletofullyprovidefortheir
families.Thepeopleinpoorcountrieshavethesameaspirationsasthoseinrichcountriesto
havethesamechancesandopportunities,goodhealthcare,cleanrunningwaterintheirhomes

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andhighqualityschoolsfortheirchildren(AcemogluandRobinson).Aperson'sgoalisto
increasethequalityoftheirlifewhetheritbeincreasefinancially,physically,andmentally.The
comparisonsbetweenpeopleinAfricaandpeopleinAmericaarenotthatdifferent,everyhuman
wantstobettertheirlifestyle.ButunlikeAmerica,Africagoesthroughmanytrialsand
tribulationsthathinderthemfromthriving.
TheepidemicofpovertyhasaffectedcommunitieswithinAfricadifferentlybygiving
themvaryingobstaclesforinstance:disease,thelackofresources,andapartheid.HIV/AIDSis
changingtheprofileofruralpovertyinAfrica.Itputsanunbearablestrainonpoorrural
households,wherelabouristheprimaryincomeearningasset(RuralPoverty).Diseasesand
viruseshavechangedtheneedsofafamilyfromfoodandsheltertotreatmentandmedications
whichlowerstheirstatureinacommunityandputstheminastateofpoverty.Thepovertyrate
ishighamongblacks.Blackhouseholdsearnonaverageonlyonesixthofwhatwhite
householdsearn.ThismakesSouthAfricaoneoftheworld'smostunequalnationsintermsof
income(AHeroicLife).Apartheidhascausedseparationandsegregationforthepeopleof
Africapropertywiseandincomewiseandthishasloweredinvalueandhaspushedtheblack
populationintoafinancialdepression.Africanswanttohaveabetterlifebutdonothavethe
civilprivilegestodoso.AlthoughAfricahasmanyproblems,organizations,andoutside
countrieshavetriedtosupportthemintheireffortsofregainingstability.
ManydifferentgroupshavetrytofixtheongoingsituationinAfricafromdifferent
companiesthataretryingtofixitallthewaytodifferentthingsthatcanbedone.ONEisa
grassrootscampaignandadvocacyorganizationbackedbymorethan2millionpeoplefrom
aroundtheworldandeverywalkoflifewhoarecommittedtothefightagainstextremepoverty

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andpreventabledisease,particularlyinAfrica(Top10NonProfitsFightingPoverty).If
companiesandotherpeoplecouldrealizethattheycouldmakeanamazingdifferenceandstart
puttingitintoaction,thenhopefullyotherpeoplewouldalsostarthelping,itcouldstarta
worldwidesolutionandmaybeeventuallyfixtheproblem.Overcomegovernmentfailure.By
governmentfailure,Idontmeanthatgovernmentsareeviloreventhattheyareincompetent
orillintentioned.Analogoustomarketfailure,governmentfailurereferstoasituationwhere
theparticularincentivesingovernmentleadtoasituationthatisworsethanwhatwasintended
withtheintervention(WhatWillItTaketoEndPovertyinAfrica?).Therehasbeentimes
wherepeopleactuallyhavetriedtofixtheproblembuttheydontknowwhatthesolutioncould
be.Whichintheendmakestheproblemworsethanitwasbeforetheirintervention.
UltimatelyAfricasstateofpovertyisatragicandunfairconsequenceofthedecisions
fromthedifferentcauses.However,thismayonlyseemtoaffectAfricaitactuallycauses
difficultiesworldwide.Thereforepeopleworldwideareobligatedtohelpthemthroughthis
situationsinceoutsidecountriesarepartoftheproblem.ThepainandsufferingofAfrican
victimscanbehealedthroughoutsidehelp.Thereareprogramsthatdonatetofamiliesand
childrenofneedsuchas:UN,FAO,andUNHCRforonlyadollaraday.Thesupportofoutside
countriescanhelptofixtheproblemthathasplaguedAfricaforsolongbutifpeoplecontinueto
disregardtheneedsofAfricanstheywillremaininperil.

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WorkCited

Acemoglu,Daron,andJamesA.Robinson."WhyAidFails:DavidCameron'sFavouriteAuthors
onWhattheGovernmentgetsWrongaboutTacklingPoverty."Spectator25Jan.2014:
18+.StudentEdition.Web.7Mar.2016.
"AHeroicLife:SouthAfricanCivilRightsLeaderNelsonMandelaisRememberedWorldwide
asaChampionofequality."ScholasticNews/WeeklyReaderEdition413Jan.2014:2+.
StudentEdition.Web.7Mar.2016.
"RuralPovertyPortal."RuralPovertyPortal.Web.08Mar.2016.
"Top10NonProfitsFightingPoverty."TakePart.Web.17Mar.2016.
"WhatWillItTaketoEndPovertyinAfrica?"AfricaCanEndPoverty.Web.17Mar.2016.

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Outline
I.Introduction
A.Hook
B.Thesis
II.Cause
A.Companies
B.OutsideCountries
C.problemswithinthecountry
III.Effects
A.Pollution
1)Diseases
B.Lackofresources
C.Apartheid
IV.Solutions
A.ONECampaign
B.GovernmentIntentions
V.Conclusion
A.Summarizeargumentsandefforts