BRIEF INTRODUCTION

A newspaper is a publication that is issued daily or weekly and includes local and international news stories, advertisements, announcements, opinions, cartoons, sports news and television listings. It is an important method of letting the public know everything that is happening in their local area and around the world. Even with the advancements in computer technology, newspapers continue to be an important aspect of everyday life. It is important to know the sections of the newspaper and what information each one contains. The front page has the most important stories of the day. Each story has its own "headline" and a "by-line" giving the name of the reporter who wrote the story.

BROADSHEET
The term “broadsheet” is used both to refer to a generic paper size, and to specific types of publications which have historically been produced on broadsheets. The classic example of a broadsheet is a wide-circulation newspaper, with the broadsheet size being preferred by many newspaper publishers. Newspapers which are intended to act as major news authorities are classically printed on broadsheet-sized pieces of paper. As a general rule, the sheets are vertically long and short horizontally, with a length of at least 22 inches (56 centimetres) and a width which can vary. In a full broadsheet, a sheet of paper is printed and folded to create four pages, a front and back and two inner pages. A half broadsheet is a single piece of paper printed on both sides with no fold. For convenience in distribution, broadsheets are often folded in half lengthwise, but the fold does not impact the page count.

TABLOID
A tabloid is both a paper size and a term for the style of the newspapers that tend to use that format. Tabloid is the smaller of the two standard newspaper sizes; the larger newspapers are called broadsheets. The name seems to derive from a pharmaceutical trademark meaning compressed tablet, and has been applied to other small things.

Tabloids tend to emphasise sensational stories and are reportedly prone to create their news if they feel that the subjects cannot, or will not, sue for libel. In this respect, much of the content of the tabloid press could be said to fall into the category of junk food news.
The biggest tabloid by circulation in Malaysia, is Metro Harian with around 300, 000 copies per day.

NEWSPAPER SECTION
FACTOR COMPONENT SECTIONS Local/domestic/national news; International news; Business/finance/economy; Politics; Weather; Letters from the Readers; Opinions/Editorials

Factor 1

Factor 2

Sports; Comics, Crosswords, Horoscopes; Events/movies; Cable/Broadcast Television Guides; Computers; Automobiles; Magazine Supplements
Interviews; Society/People; Tourism/Travel; Style/Fashion; Cooking; Health; Home & Decoration; Family; Kids/Youth.

Factor 3

Factors being divided based on reader’s interest, age, education, wealth etc.

NEWSPAPER GRID
Newspaper pages are laid out on a grid which consists of a margin on 4 sides, a number of vertical columns, and space in between columns. Newspapers grids are based on a different number of columns, depending on paper size and design preference. Common page grids include:

4 Column

5 Column

6 Column

8 Column

ELEMENTS OF NEWSPAPER
 Byline: tells who wrote the story; may include the writer’s title.  Classified ad: an ad that appears in the classified or “want ad” section of the newspaper.  Column: a vertical division of the layout that helps give structure to the pages. Newspaper stories and images are measured in column inches: the number of columns wide by the number of inches long.  Cutline/caption: explains what is happening in a photograph or illustration. The use of “cut” dates back to a time when images in the newspaper were printed from carved wood and etched metal. A cutline or caption sometimes may include a photo credit, the name of the person who took the picture.  Dateline: the location (and sometimes the date) from which a story was sent, usually given at the beginning of a story. The term was first used at a time when news often took days to reach a reader, so the date and location of the event were included in the story.  Display ad: an ad for a business or organization that appears on a newspaper page.

 Editorial: a type of story on the editorial page that expresses an opinion of the newspaper and encourages the reader to take some action.  Flag: a display used by a newspaper to indicate section pages or special pages.  Logo/Platename: combination of typography and artwork – identity of newspaper.  Folio line: the date and page number that appears at the top of each newspaper page.  Headline: large type written and designed to summarize a story and get the reader’s attention.  Index: tells the reader where regularly featured pages, such as sports, weather and local news, can be found.  Jumpline: the line that tells the reader on which page the story is continued.  Lead: the beginning of the story, which summarizes it and/or grabs the reader’s attention.  Masthead: the formal statement of the newspaper’s name, officers, management and place of publication. It usually appears on the editorial page.  Wire story: a story written by a reporter for a news service.

 News Article: A news article is a report on an event that has taken place. Articles may include a byline, body text, photo, and caption. Typically, newspaper articles that appear closest to the front page or within the first section are those that editors consider to be the most important and relevant to their readers.  Feature Articles: Feature articles report about an issue, person, event with added depth and more background details.  Editorials: An editorial is an article written by the editorial staff from a specific perspective. The editorial will offer the newspaper's view of an issue. Editorials should not be used as a main source of a research paper, because they are not objective reports.  Editorial cartoons: Editorial cartoons have a long and fascinating history. They offer an opinion and convey a message about an important issue in an amusing, entertaining, or poignant visual depiction.  Letters to the Editor: These are letters sent from readers to a newspaper, usually in response to an article. They often include strong opinions about something the newspaper has published. Letters to the editor should not be used as objective sources for a research paper, but they could prove valuable as quotes to demonstrate a point of view.

LOGO/PLATENAME

Purpose: Identity of newspaper.

MASTHEAD

Purpose: Appear in every edition to give the information about the publication.

FLAG

Purpose: Indicate section pages or special pages

FOLIO LINE

Purpose: The date and page number that appears at the top of each newspaper page.

HEADLINE

Purpose: Wrap the story and/or gain reader’s attention

LEAD

Purpose: Summarizes news and/or grabs the reader’s attention.

CAPTION

Purpose: Explains what is happening in a photograph or illustration

JUMPLINE

Purpose: Tells the reader on which page the story is continued.

1

ELEMENTS ON FRONTPAGE OF NEWSPAPERS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Nameplate/Logo Banner/Main Headline Headline Sub-Headline Article/Body Display Ad Indexes/Refer Box Photo/Pictures Cutline/Caption 4

3

7 9 2 5
Dimension (Length)

A. Column B. Grid

A

6 B
Dimension (Width)