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Health Psychology Committee Report Your name Axia College of University of Phoenix
Patient education is important: patients need to understand their illnesses. and that we as a hospital have an ethical responsibility to provide them with services after their discharge. and how to care for themselves after being discharged. I have created a plan that will enlist the expertise of our five new psychologists. surgeries or procedures. Providers of consumer-based mental health services help others through their use of autobiographical experiences. Our hospital is no exception. We must be certain that when our patients leave our facility. I believe that our patients will always be our patients. and . what to expect from their hospital stays. consumer-provider colleagues.Health Psychology 2 All hospitals need a reform plan for healthcare to be certain that every patient receives appropriate counseling during his or her hospital stay. “Emotional labor is the work of regulating feelings in the context of employment. how to care for their overall health. Our fifth employee is an outpatient pain management counselor. even after their discharge. they are able to care for themselves. Each counselor is expected to follow specific criteria to ensure that they meet the multitude of needs that our past and present patients have. Each psychologist has been assigned specific duties as a means of ensuring ample psychological care for each patient. This plan will address all of the psychological healthcare needs of our patients. These providers thus routinely perform emotional labor as they negotiate their working relationships with other service users. using outpatient help as needed. should they be needed.
and address problems as they arise. Thanks to our five new employees. for instance. 2009). She will schedule interventions if needed. by driving while intoxicated. and refer patients to other specialists if needed. She may consult with other professionals about treatment services for . 2009). such as being arrested for disorderly conduct” (Axia College. “Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists diagnose substance abuse on the basis of 3 criteria: 1. Having substance-related legal difficulties. maintain records of patients’ improvement. To our substance abuse counselor I have assigned several responsibilities. She is also responsible for planning how and when patients’ will be discharged. Our goal as a healthcare facility is to help our patients achieve better health overall. counsel patients as individuals or with (a) family member(s). Failing to fulfill important obligations. This definition is also true for any addiction where the body does not need a substance but the mind does. Addiction. such as in a gambling addiction. which can be measured by improved adherence to medical regimens and shorter hospital stays. (Wikipedia. in medical terminology. our hospital is able to provide caring and comprehensive psychiatric care to the benefit of our patients. screen and assess patients. 2. make plans for their continued care. such as in repeatedly neglecting a child or being absent from work. Putting oneself or others at repeated risk for physical injury.non-consumer coworkers” (Mancini. 3. then plan treatments for them. is the state in which a body is reliant on a substance for normal functioning and thus develops a physical dependence. She will test. Lawson. 2009).
patients and work on case management. Numerous programs are . and books. Positive reinforcements teach the patient that sticking with the program will result in rewards—vouchers to the hospital gift shop for items like candy. 2009). She will closely monitor patients to be certain that they are following their treatment plans. advice. Accurate and complete record keeping on her part will be an aid to everyone involved in patient care—caregivers as well as patients will be well-informed about current situations in the event that problems arise. The patient will also learn how to remove any blocks that keep him or her from truly changing. the counselor will get the patient ready for “preparation and action” (Axia College. gum. and will evaluate patients’ “desire and readiness to change” (Axia College. A recovery program aids the patient in the process of coping with the psychological and physical pressures that come with recovery. The substance abuse counselor will organize selfhelp groups to foment patient interaction and mutual support through recovery. When she has decided that a patient is prepared to change his or her behaviors. and he or she will also learn how to reward himself or herself in positive ways when changes are made. At this time the patient receives education. 2009). She may work alongside a social worker to ensure everything runs as smoothly as possible. and help on why and how he or she should change any abusive habits. Another important responsibility of the substance abuse counselor is the education of patients about substance abuse. attempting to shorten their stays if possible. The substance abuse counselor is responsible for the coordination of recovery programs for substance abuse. Our substance abuse counselor will utilize psychological methods during the patients’ hospital stays. and helping patients prepare for a return to more normal life and employment through the teaching of life skills.
Narcotics Anonymous. or major surgery. and Rational Recovery are some of the programs that can help during recovery from substance abuse. Such plans are important elements in a recovery program. . any type of surgery. or any other physical condition that a patient may struggle with during his or her recovery time and prior to returning home and resuming a normal home routine. to help the patient improve and stabilize sooner if possible. A structured program’s goal is “to help patients achieve and maintain abstinence. and learn to manage the stresses of an active life without returning to substance dependence" (McLean Hospital. reclaim a sense of self worth. Our inpatient-only counselor has been assigned the responsibilities of counseling patients during their hospital stay after a heart attack. Many people do not have the coping skills needed to handle with sudden devastations such as a heart Attack. they may require counseling to help them cope during this difficult time. heart attacks. Family members will also receive offers of help. Secular Organizations for Sobriety. The inpatient-only counselor will diagnose stress disorders and offer aid in stress-relief interventions. Self Management and Recovery Training. Patients may experience increased levels of stress after difficult life changes.available to assist in substance abuse recovery. The social worker and counselor will work alongside the patient to decide which program should have the most benefits for the patient. Alcoholics Anonymous. 2009). They will keep records of the meetings the patient attends and monitor what they do in recovery. The counselor will use specific methods to help patients whyo suffer from chronic illnesses or terminal conditions develop adjustment and coping skills as well. an illness. selecting one depends on what the patient needs. but our inpatient counselor can support patients as they learn to adjust to their new life experiences.
Our child psychologist will also work with schools in our area to educate children about childhood illnesses and. Through this therapeutic work. assure pediatric patients that family and friends are not abandoning them. the child psychologist will visit that child’s school and educate his or her classmates and teachers about the child’s condition and what to expect when the child returns. and what to expect once they are discharged from the hospital. If patients or their families have feelings of anger. through education. which affects any children in the family as well as the married couple.Individual counseling will be important. Through individual therapy. I have decided that our child psychologist’s responsibilities will include preparing pediatric patients psychologically for any procedures they will undergo. the emotions can play an adverse role in patients’ recovery. Parents will also have discussion and education sessions. Because all families handle situations differently. the patient will learn that she or he is not alone and that people experience the same feelings in similar situations. helping pediatric patients become comfortable around physicians and other medical personnel. patients will discover why they have certain feelings towards family and friends. because they . help children feel more at ease with the idea of visiting or staying in a hospital. but family therapy will also form an important part of the counseling process. The stress can cause couples to divorce. Family therapy will use behavioral and cognitive methods to assess and address behaviors in the family. help pediatric patients understand that they did not cause their illnesses or conditions. provide pediatric patients with an avenue to have their questions answered and fears allayed. this counseling can help families avoid some of the devastating relationship changes that may occur in the wake of serious illness. Should a child with a terminal illness be planning a return to school.
Intervention programs prepared by the adult psychologist will contain a list of professionals that can help patients recover. which can shorten their stays in the hospital. Pain is categorized in two different ways: chronic and acute. If patients are educated well prior to undergoing medical treatment. diagnose any patients who have stress disorders and aid those patients with stress-relief interventions if needed. they are more likely to follow their treatment regimens. Our hospital’s adult psychologist will help adult patients prepare psychologically for any medical procedures and surgery that they may be facing. and help adult patients cope with and adjust to chronic or terminal illnesses. Our outpatient pain management counselor will provide treatment for patients with chronic pain. Chronic pain as defined by Wikipedia. both of which can also reduce the length of hospital stays. He can provide hypnosis if a patient needs it. and other psychologists. doctors. The adult psychologist can also help relieve any fears patients may have about surgery or recovery. social workers. which will improve their outlook and likely lead to a speedier discharge and recovery. as well as to determine if a patient could benefit from medication to control pain. These professionals can help patients adapt to their medical conditions through behavioral and cognitive methods as a means of accelerating recovery and adhering to therapy sessions. and will ensure that a patient can have a life as comfortable and pain-free as possible. He will employ cognitive and behavioral methods to treat patients’ pain once they are discharged from the hospital. such as nurses. physical therapists. Patient education about their conditions will help patients understand how to handle treatment regimens.play such a central role in a child’s illness and recovery process. can locate a multidisciplinary program if a patient requires it. is “pain that persists longer than the temporal course of natural .
and shorter stays. acute pain is “a reflection of the stimulusresponse effect that results from surgical intervention and assumes the patient's central nervous system is intact and tissues will heal” (Meds. Thus. Acute pain lasts for a short amount of time. 1999). Chronic pain is treated with “occupational and physical therapy that is based upon needs identified during the evaluation process. or it may never leave.com. Our goal for our hospital is to give our patients the tools to better health.healing. Patients are educated in proper body mechanics and work simplification in order to increase endurance for specific tasks. Treatment for acute pain is generally physical therapy if needed and pain medication until recovery. until they have an understanding of their condition from their doctors and nurses. This result could take a long time to reach because the doctors and nurses have other patients they must tend to. our hospital and our patients will greatly benefit . which can take months or longer. on an outpatient basis. service. As well as importance to educate is placed on patients to manage their own pain” (JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Instution. our patients will need to stay in the hospital longer. associated with a particular type of injury or disease process” (2009). Most people learn to live with the pain. excellent quality pain management care as needed. We will give them the best possible care with qualified counselors and psychologists while they stay in our hospital. Every patient who is discharged with either chronic or acute pain will receive. especially when compared to chronic pain that may last for years. Without the work of these counselors. Some counselors purposely have been assigned overlapping duties in order to ensure that patients receive as much time as needed. which has been used before and with amazing results. can be used along with pain medication. According to Meds. but our pain management program will prove that they do not have to live in pain. 2002).com. Hypnosis. Chronic pain can last for years.
training. verbal therapy. group interpersonal desensitization to therapy behavior group functioning Grossly bizarre Medical referral Protect from behavior society. prepare . replace behavior appropriate counter behaviors conditioning Lack of Provide Have client act on information information information Organizational intervention. operant Eliminate or lacking conditioning.from our new psychiatry unit. performance. reduce hostility hostility centered approach and anxiety Defective personal Cognitive constructs. family counseling Poor social Increase Sensitivity training. restructuring Insight ignorance of including directive interpersonal and group therapies means Focal anxiety Change response such as fear of Desensitization to same cue crowds Aversive Undesirable conditioning. behaviors. Difficult social Remove cause of environmental circumstances social difficulty manipulation. interpersonal communication rigid repertoire. Our patients’ well-being is our main concern. The five professionals that have joined our staff will enable us to provide our patients with the comfort of understanding and coping with their medical conditions. client . Relationship -esteem anxiety. The following is a table provided by Wikipedia (2009) of a suggested treatment matrix: Treatment Modality Matrix Behavioral Pattern Intervention Goals Increase self Low self-esteem.
for treatment further .
from http://www.harvard..wikipedia. Substance use and abuse.(2009). Alcohol and Drug Abuse Treatment Center.htm Mancini.njrehab.edu http://www.harvard. Axia College.org http://www. HCA 250 .org/painmgt.meds. Adult Outpatient Programs and Services.euchredoubles. Axia College. Addiction.allfreeessays.edu/patient/adult/adatp. 2009http://www. Week Nine.References EbscoHost database. http://en. Achieving better outpatient pain management. Hal A.njrehab.org/wiki/Addiction http://www.justanswer. Facilitating positive emotional labor in peer-providers of mental health services.com (2009). http://www.com http://www.php Wikipedia (2009).com http://www. Michael A.html McLean Hospital.com (1999). & Lawson.com/conrad/acs/outpatient. JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute (2002). 3-22.com . Administration in Social Work. (2008). Meds.mclean.absoluteastronomy. Retrieved June 8.The Psychology of Health.com http://www. 33(1).mclean.