You are on page 1of 15

Chapter 4: Interworking Practical Part

Table of Contents
Interworking Practical Part ........................................................................................................................... 2
Mobility in LTE .............................................................................................................................................. 2
Test cases: .................................................................................................................................................... 2
Cell Selection ........................................................................................................................................... 2
LTE intra-frequency Reselection............................................................................................................... 3
Inter RAT cell reselection.......................................................................................................................... 5
Case 1 : LTE 3G cell reselection ....................................................................................................... 7
Case 2: 3G LTE cell reselection ........................................................................................................ 8
Case 3: LTE 2G cell reselection ........................................................................................................ 9
Case 4: 2G LTE cell reselection ...................................................................................................... 10
IRAT Mobility for Voice Services............................................................................................................. 11
CS Fallback with Redirection UTRAN/GERAN ......................................................................................... 11
CS Fallback with Redirection .................................................................................................................. 11
Case 5 Redirection to UTRAN ............................................................................................................ 12
Case 6 Redirection to GERAN ............................................................................................................. 14

Interworking Practical Part


Mobility in LTE
Test cases:
Cell Selection

P_compensation = max (pMaxOwnCell P_max from UE, 0)


P_compensation provides a contribution only if the UE has less TX power capabilities than
allowed in the radio cell
If P_compensation > 0 the S-criteria is more difficult to achieve as Qrxlevmeas needs to be higher
P_compensation avoids UEs camping on cells for which they have insufficient power to access
(towards cell edge)
qrxLevMin defines the cell size
Qrxlevmin can be set up differently for intra frequency, inter frequency and IRAT:

Procedure that allows the UE to camp on a cell

UE searches for a suitable cell (belonging to the selected PLMN, not barred, belonging to a
TA not forbidden and that satisfies the S-criteria):

The UE selects a cell if Srxlev > 0

LTE intra-frequency Reselection


Intra frequency cell reselection, Triggering Measurements
-

When a UE is camped on a cell it looks for better candidate cells for reselection
according to sIntrasearch parameter:

If Srxlev > sIntraSearch : UE doesnt measure the neighbour cells

If Srxlev <= sIntraSearch : UE starts to measure neighbour cells on the same


frequency

Example:

LNCEL: sIntraSearch is 62 dB

LNCEL: qrxlevmin is -130 dBm

LNCEL: qRxLevMinOffset is 0

pCompensation is 0

Qrxlevmeas< - 68 dBm

UE will start to measure intra-frequency neighbours when RSRP is worse


than - 68 dBm

Intra frequency cell reselection: R-Criterion (Ranking Criterion)

Once the measurements for neighbour cells have been triggered the UE will rank the
measured cells according to the R-Criterion
-

Rankserving cell = Measured RSRPserving cell + LNCEL:qHyst

Rankneighbour cell = Measured RSRPneighbour cell IAFIM:qOffsetCell

Re-selection if:

Rankneighbour cell > Rankserving cell for tReselEutr and

More than 1 second has elapsed since the UE camped on the current serving
cell

Intra frequency cell reselection: (example 1/2)


-

Intra frequency cell reselection from cell having PCI=200 to Flexy zone with PCI= 478.

Intra frequency cell reselection from FZ cell (PCI= 478) to e-NB S2 (PCI=200).

Inter RAT cell reselection

Inter RAT cell reselection is idle mode


mobility from LTE to another radio
access technology (RAT), e.g. WCDMA
or GSM

UFFIM is the managed object class for


idle mode parameters LTE to WCDMA:

UFFIM parameters are broadcasted in


the SIB6

GFIM/GNFL are the managed object classes for idle mode parameters LTE to GSM:

GFIM/GNFL parameters are broadcasted in the SIB7

Inter RAT cell re-selection, Measurements Triger

IRAT cell reselection procedure and related parameters are similar to those for inter
frequency cell reselection

Similar to the inter frequency case, there is the priority concept (7 is highest priority, 0 is
lowest):

The priority of serving cell is defined with LNCEL:cellReSelPrio

The priority of the neighbouring cell is defined:

For WCDMA: UFFIM: uCelResPrio

For GSM: GFIM: gCelResPrio

If UFFIM: uCelResPrio/GFIM: gCelResPrio > LNCEL:cellReSelPrio then measurements of


the neighbour WCDMA/GSM cell are mandatory

If UFFIM: uCelResPrio/GFIM: gCelResPrio <LNCEL:cellReSelPrio then measurements


are performed when RSRP of serving cell is below Snonintrasearch threshold (same as per
inter-frequency): Srxlev <= SNonIntrsearch
Inter RAT cell reselection, R-criteria
Srxlevneighbour is referred to the candidate
cell:
- GSM: Srxlevneighbour =
QrxlevMeas Qrxlevmin
P_compensation
Where:
QrxlevMeas = RSSI
Qrxlevmin = GNFL:qRxLevMinGer
- UMTS: Srxlev = QrxlevMeas
Qrxlevmin P_compensation
Where:
QrxlevMeas = CPICH RSCP
Qrxlevmin = UFFIM:qRxLevMinUtra
Additionally Squal > 0 required for UMTS
FDD
Squal = QrxlevMeas Qqualmin
Qrxlevmeas = CPICH Ec/No
Qqualmin = UFFIM:qQualMinUtra

Reselection to a lower priority RAT will happen if:


-

The criterias above have to be fullfilled during a time interval UFFIM:tResUtra for WCDMA
and GFIM:tResGer for GSM

And the UE must have been camped in the current cell more than 1 sec.

Case 1 : LTE 3G cell reselection


- Logs analysis
- Special thresholds were used in order to verify IRAT Cell Reselection conditions in Ooredoo office,
note that UTRA get highest priority against 2G using uCelResPrio = 5 when gCelResPrio = 4.
Measured RSRP (serving cell) qrxlevmin < threshSrvLow

Abbreviated Name

MO Class

Value

Note

Snonintrsearch

LNCEL

-90 dBm

Threshold for RSRP of serving cell for start of IRAT


Measurements

threshSrvLow

LNCEL

40 dB

See formula

UE is
in LTE

UE is in
WCDMA

Case 2: 3G LTE cell reselection


- Logs analysis
-

UE reselect back LTE because of RAN2067 using settings shown below


Abbreviated Name

MO Class

Value

ADJLId

ADJL

AdjLEARFCN

ADJL

1860

AdjLMeasBw

ADJL

50

HopLIdentifier

ADJL

AdjLAbsPrioCellReselec

HOPL

AdjLQrxlevminEUTRA

HOPL

-130 dbm

AdjLThreshigh

HOPL

AdjLThreslow

HOPL

HOPLId

HOPL

SIB19Priority

RNC

EUTRAdetection

RNFC

AbsPrioCellReselec

WCEL

LTECellReselection

WCEL

Sprioritysearch1

WCEL

Sprioritysearch2

WCEL

Threshservlow

WCEL

Qqualmin

WCEL

-18 dB

QrxLevMin

WCEL

-115 dBm

Treselection

WCEL

2s

TreselectionPCH

WCEL

2s

UE is
in 3G

UE is in
LTE

Case 3: LTE 2G cell reselection


Logs analysis
-

Special thresholds were used in order to verify IRAT Cell Reselection conditions in Ooredoo
office, note that GERAN get highest priority against 2G using uCelResPrio = 4 when
gCelResPrio = 5

UE is
in LTE

UE is in
2G

Abbreviated
Name

MO Class Value Note

Snonintrsearch

LNCEL

-90
dBm

threshSrvLow

LNCEL

40 dB See formula

Threshold for RSRP of serving cell for start of IRAT


Measurements

Case 4: 2G LTE cell reselection


- Logs analysis
-

UE reselect back LTE because of RG301854 using settings shown below

UE is
in 2G

UE is in
LTE

IRAT Mobility for Voice Services


CS Fallback with Redirection UTRAN/GERAN
CS Fallback with Redirection

CS Fallback with Redirection is enabled using the parameter below

Name

Range

actCSFBRedir disabled (0),


(LNBTS)

Design

Description

enabled (1)

The parameter activates the feature 'Circuit


Switched Fallback to UTRAN or GSM via
Redirection'. If the feature is activated, mobile
originated and mobile terminated CS calls are
redirected to targets which are to be configured
via REDRT objects.

enabled (1)

The feature is triggered by either an incoming or outgoing speech call

can occur at any location within the cell

CS Fallback with Redirection uses the same REDRT parameter objects as RRC Release with
Redirection

These REDRT objects also define the same priorities for emergency calls

During tests we changed the priority


giving the highest one to the RAT to be
tested.

Name

Range

Design

Description

csFallBPrio
(REDRT)

1 to 56

1/2

This parameter defines priority for target RAT in


selection of redirection target during CS Fallback with
redirection procedure. Value 1 means highest priority
and value 6 lowest.

Case 5 Redirection to UTRAN


- Trace analysis
Below screenshots of Emil trace (LTE Part) showing the extended service request message with
service type MO CSFB , followed by eRRC connection Release message including redirection info
to utran. The call will be terminated in 3G RAT.

Logs analysis

RRC connection Release message including redirection info to utran. The call will be terminated in
UMTS starting by location update and then setup the call. Using the fast LTE Layering feature the
LTE will be selected back just after CS call release.

Case 6 Redirection to GERAN


- Trace analysis
Below screenshots of Emil trace (LTE Part) showing the extended service request message with
service type MO CSFB , followed by e-RRC connection Release message including redirection info
to GERAN. The call will be terminated in 2G RAT.

Logs analysis
RRC connection Release message including redirection info to GERAN. The call will be terminated in
GERAN starting by location update and then setup the call. After channel release the LTE RAT
Reselected.