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(2B+G+7) RESIDENTIAL BUILDING @ Bin Mahmoud

Stairwell # 01
Pressurization
Table-1: Door Leakage Area
Height (ft)
6.88
Width (ft)
3.28
Area (ft2)
22.5664
Perim (ft)
20.32

ASHRAE 1999 HVAC Applications Handbook 51.9


DPsbt = DPsbb + [ By / { 1 + ( Asb/Abo)2 } ]
X = [ (DPsbt)3/2 - (DPsbb)3/2 ] / [ DPsbt - DPsbb ]

Leak-Area (ft2)
Avge 1/8"
3/4" Undercut

Table-2: Elevator Doors


Leak Area (ft2)
Minim
0.55
Maxim
0.70
Table-3: Leakage Areas: Walls, Floors
A = Leakage Area
As = Surface Area
Construction
A/As
Exterior Walls
Tight
0.00007
Avg
0.00021
Loose
0.00042
Stairwell Walls
Tight
0.00002
Avg
0.00011
Loose
0.00035
Elevator Shaft Walls Tight
0.00018
Avg
0.00084
Loose
0.00180
Floors
Avg
0.00005

To
Ts
DPsbb
B
N
y
Asdb

Aswb

Abo
Asb
DPsbt
DPsb
X -n
X -d
Q

0.21
0.36

User
Input
Calculated
by Program

B = 7.64 * ( 1/To - 1/Ts )


Q = 1740 * N * Asb * X

Doors in Parallel: Leakage Areas = A1 , A2, --- An


Effective Leakage Area (Ae)
Ae = A1 + A2 + ----- + An

Table-4 Additional CFM for Open Doors


Vel thru
# of Doors (6.8' x 3.28') Open
Door
1
3
4
25
564
1,692
2,257
50
1,128
3,385
4,513
100
2,257
6,770
9,027
200
4,513
13,540
18,053

A1

An
Doors in Series: Leakage Areas = A1 , A2, A3, --- An
A1

An

Effective Leakage Area (Ae) Doors in Series


Ae = [ 1/A12 + 1/A22 + 1/A32 + ----- + 1/An2 ] -0.5
ASHRAE Pressure
Recommendation

Building Length (ft)


Use square root of floor area if
Building Width (ft)
building is not rectangular
Stairwell Plan View Length (ft)
Stairwell Plan View Width (ft)
Temperature of Outdoor Air in Winter (deg F)
Temperature of Outdoor Air (deg Rankine)
Temperature of Stairwell Air (deg F)
Temperature of Stairwell Air (deg Rankine)
MIN Press Difference Stair & Bldg at Bottom of Stair (in)
B = 7.64 * ( 1/To - 1/Ts )
Number of Floors
Floor to Floor Height (ft)
Distance between Stairwell Bottom and Top (ft)
Leakage Area between Stairwell Door & Bldg Space per Floor (ft2)
Wall Surface Area between Stairwell & Bldg Space per floor (ft2)
Stairwell Wall Tightness Leakage Area (ft2)
Flow Area between Stairwell Wall & Bldg per Floor (ft2)
Exter Wall Surface Area between Bldg and Outside per Floor (ft2)
Building Exterior Wall Tightness Leakage Area (ft2)
Flow Area between Building & Outside per Floor (ft2)
Total Flow Leakage Area Stairwell & surrounding Space (ft2)
MAX Press Difference Stair & Bldg at Top of Stair (in)
AVG Press Difference between Stair & Bldg Space (in)
[ (DPsbt)3/2 - (DPsbb)3/2 ]
[ DPsbt - DPsbb ]
Supply Air (cfm)
Additional cfm for open door (3 door @200 fpm) = 13540 cfm
The Total Air flow become = 13540+4093 cfm
The Total Air flow become = 17633 cfm

Minimum Stairwell Pressure (in. H2O) =


Maximum Stairwell Pressure (in. H2O) =
111.5
77.5
16.4
8.2
50
510
95
555
0.2
0.00121
11
11.8
130
0.21
580.56
0.00011
0.063862
4460.4
0.00021
0.93668
0.27386
0.34524
0.27262
0.11341
0.14524
4,093

0.052
0.551

Lb
Wb
Ls
Ws
to
To = to + 460
Ts = ts + 460
PD-min
B = 7.64 * ( 1/To - 1/Ts )
N
H
y=N*H
Dor-lkg
See Table-1 or -2
W-sb = 2 * ( Ls + Ws ) * H
Str-lkg
See Table-3
F-sb = W-sb * Str-lkg
Wall-ext = 2 * ( Lb + Wb ) * H * N
Bld-lkg
See Table-3
F-bo = W * Bld-lkg
Tot-lkg = Dor-lkg + Str-lkg
Fan Static Pressure
PD-avg = ( PD-min + PD-max ) / 2
PD-max = PD-min +
(B*y) / (1+(Tot-lkg/F-bo)^2 )
Q = 1740*N*Asb*X-n/X-d