Internship Report

Introduction to Banglalink GSM And Operation and Maintenance (O&M)
By Md. Kaisar Syed ID# 0611042 Has been approved Spring 2010

Mr. Amran Haroon Lecturer School of Engineering and Computer Science

Independent University Bangladesh

Letter of transmittal

May 06, 2010 Mr. Amran Haroon Lecturer School of Engineering and Computer Science Independent University Bangladesh

Subject: Submission of Internship report. Dear Sir, I, Md. Kaisar Syed, ID # 0611042 am submitting my internship report with great pleasure and humble obedience. My report is all about “Introduction to Banglalink GSM and Network Management System (NMS)”. In these three months I tried to understand the way of designing a project and process of implementation. Network Management System (NMS) is one of the parts of the Banglalink. It was a great experience for me to works on this project. I hope you will asses my report considering the limitations of the study. Your kind advice will encourage me to perform better research work in future.

Thanking you ………………………………. Md. Kaisar Syed ID# 0611042

I

Acknowledgement

First of all I would like to thank to Almighty Allah for giving the willpower and opportunity to organize this final report of internship for the achievement of my graduation effectively. Without the assistance, encouragement and support supplied to me by diverse frontage it was not easy for me to have success in completing my mission. With respect I would also like to thank with gratefulness to my admirable supervisors, Mr.Amran Haroon Lecturer, School of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, for his valuable guidance. I am also grateful to Mr. Kuntal Rahman Senior executive, regional operation and Maintenance, Chittagong division of Banglalink also thanks to Mr. Towfiq Syed (NMS Engineer) for their able guidance and useful suggestions, which helped me in completing the project work, in time. supportive thought my internship. Finally, I express my gratitude to Independent University Bangladesh for providing me the opportunity to complete my internship and gain a vast amount of knowledge and experience. Also, I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to my beloved parents for their blessings, my classmates/friends for their help and wishes for the successful completion of this internship. They were so helpful and continuous

Abstract

This report is based on Network Management System (NMS) of Banglalink. This report provides my field experiences on the Network Management System (NMS) department of Banglalink. It presents with information about the status of the network and it monitors and controls a variety of system parameters. This report is focused on Network Management System (NMS) and its implementation specially GSM network components. GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication: Originally from Group Special Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. GSM is a cellular network, which means that mobile phones connect to it by searching for cells in the immediate vicinity. In this report its network and maintenance are focused on. II

Table of Contents
No. 1.1 Introduction Contents Letter of transmittal Acknowledgement Chapter 1: Introduction Abstract List of Tables List of Figures Contents Page 1 Page I II III VI VI

No. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Background of Banglalink Making a difference Company Strategy Vision Mission Numbering Scheme

Contents

Page 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 II I

Chapter 2: Overview of Banglalink

Technical Division of Banglalink

Chapter 3: GSM Overview

No. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 History Brief History of GSM

Contents

Page 5 6 7 7 9

Characteristics & Specifications GSM frequencies GSM Interfaces

Chapter 4: Performance of Banglalink

No. 4.1 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.1.3. 1 4.1.3. 2 4.1.3. 3 4.1.3. 4 4.1.3. 5 4.1.3. 6 4.1.4 4.1.5

Contents Banglalink in GSM Components Mobile Station Base Station Subsystem (BSS) Network Switching Subsystem (NSS) Home location Register (HLR) Mobile Services Switching Center (MSC) Visitor Location Register (VLR) Authentication Center (AUC) Equipment Identity Register (EIR) Gateway Mobile Switching Center (GMSC) Operation & Maintenance (O&M) Information Technology (IT)

Page 10 13 13 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 16 I V

Chapter 5: The Base Station System

No. 5.1 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.2. 1 5.2.2. 2 5.2.2. 3 5.2.2. 4 5.2.2. 5 6 Introduction BSS Components

Contents

Page 17 17 18 19 20 21 22 22 23 23 24 26 26 27 28 28 29 30 30

Base Station Controller and Transcoder Controller Transcoder Controller (TRC) TRAU TRAU Feature Overview TRAU interfaces TRAU Function Synchronize

5.2.2. ChapterFrame Type 6: Network Management Subsystem 5.3 5.3.1 5.4 5.4.1 5.2.2 5.5 5.6 5.6.1 5.6.2 Base Transceiver Station Sectorisation Base Station Controller Transcoder Packet Control Unit BSS interfaces Base Station Antenna Omni-directional Antenna Sectoring Antenna

V

No. 6.1 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.2 6.2.3 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.6.1 6.6.2 6.6.3 6.6.4 6.7 6.7.1 6.7.2 6.7.3 6.7.4 6.8 6.9 6.9.1 6.9.2 6.10 Introduction TMOS

Contents

Page 31 31 31 32 33 33 34 35 37 37 38 39 39 39 40 41 41 42 43 43 43 43 44 44 44 45 45

Telecommunications Management Network TMOS Structure & Function Advantages of TMOS OSS Structure & Functions NMC & OMC OSS Applications Configuration Management Applications Cellular Network Administration (CNA) CAN Network Model Structure & Areas Consistency Check CNA Interface (CNAI) BTS Management Application BTS Configuration Management (BCM) Base Station Software Management (BSW) Base Station Hardware Management (BHW) Base Station Alarm Management (BAM) Separation of BTS Software Download and Upgrade Operation and Maintenance Features Remote Function Change Real Time Event Data Fault Management Applications

6.10.1 Network Alarm Status viewer 6.10.2 Alarm severity 6.10.3 Fault Management 6.11 Performance Management Applications

7.1 8.1 9.1 9.2 10.1

Limitations Conclusion Appendix Glossary Bibliography

49 50 51 54 60

Table No. 3.1 3.2 Brief list of GSM history GSM frequencies

Table Detail

Page 6 7

List of Tables

List of Figures

V I

Fig. No. 2.1 3.1 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7

Figure Detail Organizational structure of Banglalink GSM interface Performance of Banglalink General architecture of GSM network Physical view GSM Architecture Mobile station Network Switching Subsystem Operation & Maintenance system BSS in Ericssons GSM systems TRC utilization and transmission rates in BSS TRAU Front view of TRAU TRAU Configuration
BTS HUAWEI BSC 6000

Page 4 8 10 11 12 13 14 16 18 19 20 21 24 24 26 26 27 28 30 30 32 34 35 36 38 40 42

Ericsson BSC Front view of BSC BSS interfaces Omni Antenna Sectoring Antenna Structure of TMOS Structure of OSS NMC and OMC OSS applications CNA area concept BTS Management Family BTS Software Management

VI I

VII

V

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