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Engineering Analysis Using Scilab and C

Engineering Analysis Using Scilab and C

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Engineering Analysis Using Scilab
Engineering Analysis Using Scilab

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03/18/2014

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• Skewed functions

Xs

±

68.26%

X2s

±

95.46%

X3s

±

99.73%

etc....

Assuming a normal
distribution

s

n

Xi2

i1
=

n

Xi

i1
=

n

⎝ ⎠

⎜ ⎟

⎜ ⎟

⎛ ⎞2

nn1

( )

-----------------------------------------------

=

s

n

fiXi2

( )

i1
=

h

fiXi

i1
=

h

⎝ ⎠

⎜ ⎟

⎜ ⎟

⎛ ⎞2

nn1

( )

-----------------------------------------------------------

=

h = number of cells
fi = frequency of values in a cell

page 133

• this lack of symmetry tends to indicate a bias in the data (and hence in the real world)

• a skew factor can be calculated

36.5.4 Kurtosis

• This is a peaking in the data

skewed left

normal

skewed right

Note: the distribution
points to the right
hand side.

a3

fiXiX

( )3

n

-------------------------

i1
=

h

s3

-----------------------------------

=

if a3 = 0 then the distribution is symmetrical (normal)
a3 > 0 then skewed to the right
a3 < 0 then skewed to the left
a3 is not 0 indicates the distribution is not normal.

page 134

• This is best used for comparison to other values. i.e. you can watch the trends in the values of a4.

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