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Project: RESIDENTIAL BUILDING B+G+1+2+3+PENTHOUSE

FOR MR. SAUD AL KHALIFA

Title: Ventilation Calculations

Project: Residential Building B+G+1+2+3+Penthouse


Subject: Calculations for Ventilation System.
1. Basement Ventilation Calculation:
Parking and Driveway area:
A. Smoke Mode:
Total Area of Basement

A= 1516 m

Height

H=3.7 m

Air changes/hr

ACH=10

Q= AxV= Ax(HxACH) =1516x(3.7x10)=56092 m/hr=33,038 cfm


Required Fresh Air @ Smoke Mode (85% of extract air) Q = 0.85*33,038=28,082 cfm
Required exhaust fan capacity @ fire mode= 33,038 cfm
Required fresh air @ fire mode= 28,082cfm (Will be from Ramp)
B. Normal Mode:
Air changes/hr

ACH=6

Q= AxV= Ax(HxACH) = 1516x(3.7x6)=33655 m/hr=19,822 cfm


Required Fresh Air @ Normal Mode (85%) Q = 16,849 cfm
Required exhaust fan capacity @normal mode = 19,822 cfm
Required fresh air @normal mode= 16,849 cfm (Will be from Ramp)
C. Ramp Area:
No. Of Ramp = 2 Nos.
Width =2.8 m, Height = 2.9 m
Area =W x H =2.8 x 2.9 = 8.12 m2
Required Fresh Air @ Fire Mode Q= 33,038 cfm
Required Fresh Air Through One Ramp Q = 33,038/2 = 16,519 cfm =7.8 cms
Q=AxV V=Q/A = 7.8/8.12 = .96 m/s.
Max. Velocity through one ramp @ Fire Mode = .96 = 1 m/s.
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Project: RESIDENTIAL BUILDING B+G+1+2+3+PENTHOUSE


FOR MR. SAUD AL KHALIFA

Title: Ventilation Calculations

2. Fire Pump Room Ventilation:


Total Area of fire pump room A= 19.1 m
Height

H=3.7 m

Fire Mode:
Air Changes/hr

ACH=10

Required Exhaust Air Flow

Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =19.1 x(3.7x10)=706.5 m/hr=416cfm

Required Fresh air Flow = 416 cfm


Required exhaust fan capacity = 416cfm
Required fresh air fan capacity = 416 cfm
For Normal Mode:
Air Changes/hr

ACH=6

Required Exhaust Air Flow

Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =19.1 x(3.7x6)=424 m/hr=250cfm

Required Fresh air Flow = 250cfm


Required exhaust fan capacity = 250cfm
Required fresh air fan capacity = 250 cfm

3. Generator Room Ventilation:


Total Area of Generator room A= 10 m
Height

H=3.55 m

Air Changes/hr

ACH=10

Required Exhaust Air Flow

Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =10 x(3.5x10)=355 m/hr=206 cfm

Required Fresh air Flow = 200 cfm


Required exhaust fan capacity = 200 cfm
Required fresh air fan capacity = 200 cfm

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Project: RESIDENTIAL BUILDING B+G+1+2+3+PENTHOUSE


FOR MR. SAUD AL KHALIFA

Title: Ventilation Calculations

4. Substation Ventilation:
Total Area of Substation A= 17.6 m
Height

H=3.6 m

Air Changes/hr

ACH=10

Required Exhaust Air Flow

Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =17.6 x(3.6x6)=380 m/hr=224 cfm

Required exhaust fan capacity = 224 cfm

5. HV room Ventilation:
Total Area of HV room A= 15 m
Height

H=3.6 m

Air Changes/hr

ACH=10

Required Exhaust Air Flow

Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =15 x(3.6x6)=324 m/hr=191cfm

Required exhaust fan capacity = 191 cfm

6. MV room Ventilation:
Total Area of MV room A= 15.4 m
Height

H=3.6 m

Air Changes/hr

ACH=10

Required Exhaust Air Flow

Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =15.4 x(3.6x6)=333 m/hr=196 cfm

Required exhaust fan capacity = 196 cfm

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Project: RESIDENTIAL BUILDING B+G+1+2+3+PENTHOUSE


FOR MR. SAUD AL KHALIFA

Title: Ventilation Calculations

7. Corridor Pressurization Calculation:


Corridor -1
GF to 3F corridor -1 area = 43 m2 * 4 = 172 m2
Total Area = 172 m2
Height = 3.6 m
Air Changes/hr
Required Air Flow

ACH=10
Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =172 x(3.6x10)=6192 m/hr=3647 cfm

Required fan capacity = 3650 cfm

Corridor -2
GF corridor -2 area = 45 m2
1F to 3F corridor -2 area = 49 m2 * 3 = 147 m2
Total Area = 45+147 = 192 m2
Height = 3.6 m
Air Changes/hr
Required Air Flow

ACH=10
Q=AxV = Ax(HxACH) =192 x(3.6x10)=6912 m/hr=4072 cfm

Required fan capacity = 4075 cfm


8. Area of Pressure Relief :
Area of Pressure Relief = Q /0.83 x P1/2
A = 5.85 / (0.83 x501/2 )
A = 0.99 sq-m.
The Relief Damper Size = 1400X600 mm

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