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regents homeostasis and enzymes

Name:
1.

Date:

The diagram below represents a beaker containing


a solution of various molecules involved in
digestion.

4.

Which situation indicates that a disruption of


homeostasis has taken place?
A.

the presence of hormones that keep the blood


sugar level steady

B.

the maintenance of a constant body


temperature

C.

cell division that is involved in normal growth

D. a rapid rise in the number of red blood cells


organs in multicellular organisms
5.

Which structures represent products of digestion?

2.

A.

A and D

B.

B and C

C.

B and E

D. D and E

The accompanying diagram represents the actions


of two hormones in the human body.

Which statement best describes a change that


usually takes place in the human body when the
heart rate increases as a result of exercise?
A.

More oxygen is delivered to muscle cells.

B.

Blood cells are excreted at a faster rate.

C.

The rate of digestion increases.

D. No hormones are produced.


6.

The graph below shows the levels of glucose and


insulin in the blood of a human over a period of
time.

This diagram best illustrates

3.

A.

recombination

B.

C.

insertion

D. deletion

This graph represents

feedback

The most immediate response to a high level of


blood sugar in a human is an increase in the
A.

muscle activity in the arms

B.

blood ow to the digestive tract

C.

activity of all cell organelles

A.

an allergic reaction

B.

an antigen-antibody reaction

C.

maintenance of homeostasis

D. autotrophic nutrition

D. release of insulin

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7.

Some processes that occur in a cell are listed


below.

10.

A. utilize energy
B. detect changes in the environment
C. rearrange and synthesize chemical
compounds

The blood glucose range for a healthy adult is


65104 mg/dL. Which graph best illustrates normal
blood glucose levels in a healthy adult over the
course of a day?
A.

Which processes will all living organisms use to


maintain homeostasis?

8.

A.

A and B, only

B.

B and C, only

C.

C and A, only

D. A, B, and C
B.

The accompanying diagram illustrates a


biochemical process that occurs in organisms.

The substance labeled catalyst is also known as


A.

a hormone

B.

an enzyme

C.

an antibody

C.

D. an inorganic compound
9.

The e ect of pH on a certain enzyme is shown in


the accompanying graph. At what pH would the
enzyme be most e ective?

A.

above 10

B.

C.

between 5 and 7

D. below 5

D.

between 8 and 10

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regents homeostasis and enzymes

11.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the graph below and on your knowledge of
biology.

13.

Experiments revealed the following information


about a certain molecule:
It can be broken down into amino acids.
It can break down proteins into amino
acids.
It is found in high concentrations in the
small intestine of humans.
This molecule is most likely

Pepsin works best in which type of environment?

12.

A.

acidic, only

B.

basic, only

C.

neutral

A.

an enzyme

B.

an inorganic compound

C.

a hormone

D. an antigen
14.

D. sometimes acidic, sometimes basic

When a person does strenuous exercise, small


blood vessels (capillaries) near the surface of the
skin increase in diameter. This change allows the
body to be cooled. These statements best illustrate

The graph below shows the e ect of temperature


on the relative rate of action of enzyme X on a
protein.

A.

synthesis

B.

C.

excretion

D. locomotion

15.

the addition of cold water when the reaction


is at 50 C

B.

an increase in temperature from 70 C to


80 C

C.

the removal of the protein when the reaction


is at 30 C

Consuming large volumes of soft drinks containing


sugar during the day can disrupt homeostasis.
Describe how the human body responds to restore
sugar balance. In your answer, be sure to:
identify the hormone responsible for
restoring homeostasis

Which change would not a ect the relative rate of


action of enzyme X?
A.

homeostasis

identify the organ that releases this


hormone
state one possible reason why sugar
levels may remain high even though this
hormone has been released

D. a decrease in temperature from 40 C to 10 C

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regents homeostasis and enzymes

16.

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s)


on the diagram below and on your knowledge of
biology.

17.

Activities in the human body are represented in


the diagram below.

Identify the organ labeled X.

Source: Campbell and Reece,


Biology, 6th edition (adapted)

Which title would be appropriate for the diagram?


A.

Rate of Excretion Varies in Response to


Amount of Water Taken In

B.

Feedback Mechanisms Help to Maintain


Homeostasis

C.

Respiratory Rate Responds to an Increase in


Muscle Activity

D. The Nervous System Responds to Changes in


Blood Sugar Levels

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regents homeostasis and enzymes

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regents homeostasis and enzymes
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insulin; pancreas; Not enough insulin is


released.

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pancreas

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06/01/2016