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Shape

lb/ft
Kl
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Available Strength in Axial Compression, kips


HP-Shapes
HP14X
HP12X
117
102
89 73c
84
74
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
1548
1354.5
1174.5
963
1107
981
1546.736 1353.375 1173.508 962.1679 1105.652 979.7894
1542.95 1350.006 1170.537 959.676 1101.619 976.1664
1536.66 1344.41 1165.602 955.537 1094.93 970.1578
1527.898 1336.615 1158.728 949.7725 1085.634 961.8079
1516.705 1326.658 1149.95 942.412 1073.797 951.1778
1503.136 1314.59 1139.312 933.4933 1059.505 938.3449
1487.257 1300.468 1126.865 923.0618 1042.859 923.4018
1469.143 1284.363 1112.673 911.1702 1023.977 906.4552
1448.88 1266.351 1096.805 897.8781 1002.991 887.6247
1426.565 1246.519 1079.337 883.2516 980.0441 867.0414
1402.299 1224.961 1060.354 867.3625 955.2921 844.8463
1376.196 1201.777 1039.946 850.2879 928.8995 821.1888
1348.375 1177.074 1018.209 832.1096 901.0383 796.2248
1318.958 1150.965 995.2429 812.9133 871.886 770.1154
1288.078 1123.567 971.1522 792.788 841.624 743.0249
1255.866
1095 946.0445 771.8255 810.4356 715.119
1222.461 1065.388 920.0298 750.1192 778.504 686.5635
1188.002 1034.856 893.2198 727.7641 746.0108 657.5223
1152.63 1003.529 865.7268 704.8556 713.1344 628.1563
1116.485 971.5361 837.6633 681.4889 680.0481 598.6215
1079.708 939.0011 809.1409 657.7588 646.9188 569.0683
1042.437 906.0491 780.2701 633.7583 613.9061 539.6396
1004.811 872.8019 751.1589 609.5787 581.1604 510.4706
966.9608 839.379 721.9128 585.3089 548.8227 481.6871
929.0175 805.8958 692.6339 561.0345 517.0233 453.4054
891.1059 772.4637 663.4204 536.838 485.8812 425.7315
853.346 739.1893 634.3662 512.7977 455.5038 398.7607
815.8521 706.1739 605.5601 488.9878 425.4917 371.9491
778.7321 673.5131 577.0861 465.478 396.6533 346.7397
742.0876 641.2964 549.0224 442.3331 370.6505 324.009
706.0129 609.6071 521.4415 419.613 347.1233 303.4423
670.5954 578.5216 494.4099 397.3722 325.7671 284.7735
635.9147 548.1098 467.9881 375.5036 306.3227 267.776
601.6818 517.7094 441.3767
353.74 288.5687 252.2561
567.7911 488.5486 416.5155 333.815 272.3147 238.0474
536.6853 461.784 393.6971 315.5273 257.3962 225.0062
508.0673
437.16 372.7038 298.7023 243.6709 213.0081
481.6788 414.4543 353.3459 283.188 231.0149 201.9447

39
40

457.294 393.4727 335.4579 268.8517 219.3198 191.7213


434.7151 374.045 318.8947 255.5771 208.4909 182.255

Fy= 50
phi=

E= 29000
0.9
HP10X

HP8X

63 53c
57
42
36
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
828
697.5
751.5
558
477
826.9496 696.6027 750.183 556.9894 475.681
823.8064 693.9179 746.2457 553.9685 471.746
818.5943 689.4661 739.7294
548.97 465.2598
811.3527 683.2816 730.7021 542.0478 456.3287
802.136 675.4115 719.2573 533.276 445.0974
791.0134 665.9155 705.5123 522.7474 431.7448
778.067 654.865 689.6065 510.5722
416.48
763.3921 642.342 671.6987 496.8758 399.5362
747.0947 628.4386 651.9647 481.7969 381.1651
729.2915 613.2552 630.5944 465.4849 361.6304
710.1073 596.9001 607.7886 448.0975 341.2021
689.6747 579.4874 583.756 429.7986 320.1499
668.1315 561.1361 558.7103 410.755 298.7377
645.6202 541.969 532.8664 391.1345 277.2181
622.2854 522.1107 506.4382 371.1033 255.828
598.2732 501.6868 479.6352 350.8237 234.7846
573.7291 480.8224 452.6599 330.4521 214.2821
548.7969 459.6409 425.7056 310.1369
194.49
523.6172 438.2628 398.9544 290.0173 175.1642
498.3259 416.8045 372.5748 270.2214 158.0857
473.0538 395.3777 346.721 250.8655 143.3883
447.9246 374.0881 321.5313 232.0532 130.6493
423.055 353.0349 297.1274 213.5883 119.5355
398.553 332.3099 273.0257 196.1601 109.7817
374.518 311.9973 251.6205 180.7811 101.1748
351.0402 292.1731 232.6373 167.1423 93.54181
328.1998 272.8435 215.724 154.9907 86.7411
305.3965 253.7027 200.5903 144.1176 80.65594
284.6978 236.5076 186.995 134.3498 75.18937
266.0343 221.0032 174.7364 125.5425 70.26029
249.1476 206.9749 163.6449 117.5736 65.80048
233.8192 194.2411 153.5769
110.34 61.75221
219.8631 182.6473 144.4103 103.7541
207.1201 172.0613 136.0405 97.74067
195.4538 162.3697 128.3778 92.23527
184.746 153.4745 121.3448 87.18226
174.8947 145.2907 114.8742 82.53339
165.8109 137.7444 108.9078 78.24668

Check KL/r
KL/r
KL/r >
KL/r>

113.4318
113.4318
200

157.4167 130.7711 103.3943 74.28548


149.6443 124.3143 98.28925 70.61763

HP-14X
117
34.4
3.59
KL/r
Fe

Ag
ry
KL

inelastic
elastic
too slender

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

3.342618
6.685237
10.02786
13.37047
16.71309
20.05571
23.39833
26.74095
30.08357
33.42618
36.7688
40.11142
43.45404
46.79666
50.13928
53.48189
56.82451
60.16713
63.50975
66.85237
70.19499
73.5376
76.88022
80.22284
83.56546
86.90808
90.2507
93.59331
96.93593
100.2786
103.6212
106.9638
110.3064
113.649
116.9916
120.3343
123.6769
127.0195
130.3621

25616.76
6404.189
2846.306
1601.047
1024.67
711.5766
522.791
400.2618
316.2563
256.1676
211.7087
177.8941
151.5784
130.6977
113.8523
100.0655
88.6393
79.06406
70.96055
64.04189
58.08788
52.92718
48.42487
44.47354
40.98681
37.89461
35.13958
32.67443
30.45988
28.46306
26.65635
25.01636
23.52319
22.15982
20.91164
19.76602
18.71202
17.74014
16.84205

102
30.1
3.56
KL/r
3.370787
6.741573
10.11236
13.48315
16.85393
20.22472
23.59551
26.96629
30.33708
33.70787
37.07865
40.44944
43.82022
47.19101
50.5618
53.93258
57.30337
60.67416
64.04494
67.41573
70.78652
74.1573
77.52809
80.89888
84.26966
87.64045
91.01124
94.38202
97.75281
101.1236
104.4944
107.8652
111.236
114.6067
117.9775
121.3483
124.7191
128.0899
131.4607

89
26.1
3.53
Fe
25190.411
6297.6027
2798.9345
1574.4007
1007.6164
699.73363
514.09001
393.60017
310.99272
251.90411
208.18521
174.93341
149.05568
128.5225
111.95738
98.400042
87.164051
77.748181
69.779531
62.976027
57.121113
52.046303
47.618924
43.733352
40.304657
37.263921
34.554747
32.130626
29.952926
27.989345
26.212706
24.60001
23.13169
21.791013
20.563601
19.437045
18.400592
17.444883
16.561743

KL/r
3.39943343
6.79886686
10.1983003
13.5977337
16.9971671
20.3966006
23.796034
27.1954674
30.5949008
33.9943343
37.3937677
40.7932011
44.1926346
47.592068
50.9915014
54.3909348
57.7903683
61.1898017
64.5892351
67.9886686
71.388102
74.7875354
78.1869688
81.5864023
84.9858357
88.3852691
91.7847025
95.184136
98.5835694
101.983003
105.382436
108.78187
112.181303
115.580737
118.98017
122.379603
125.779037
129.17847
132.577904

40 133.7047 16.01047 134.8315 15.744007 135.977337

HP-12X
73
21.4
3.49
Fe
24767.64
6191.911
2751.96
1547.978
990.7057
687.9901
505.4621
386.9944
305.7734
247.6764
204.6913
171.9975
146.5541
126.3655
110.0784
96.7486
85.70118
76.44334
68.60843
61.91911
56.16245
51.17281
46.81974
42.99938
39.62823
36.63852
33.97482
31.59138
29.45023
27.5196
25.77278
24.18715
22.74347
21.4253
20.21848
19.11083
18.09178
17.15211
16.28379

KL/r
3.438395
6.876791
10.31519
13.75358
17.19198
20.63037
24.06877
27.50716
30.94556
34.38395
37.82235
41.26074
44.69914
48.13754
51.57593
55.01433
58.45272
61.89112
65.32951
68.76791
72.2063
75.6447
79.08309
82.52149
85.95989
89.39828
92.83668
96.27507
99.71347
103.1519
106.5903
110.0287
113.467
116.9054
120.3438
123.7822
127.2206
130.659
134.0974

84
24.6
2.94
Fe
24209.52
6052.379
2689.946
1513.095
968.3806
672.4866
494.0718
378.2737
298.8829
242.0952
200.0786
168.1216
143.2516
123.5179
107.5978
94.56842
83.76995
74.72073
67.06237
60.52379
54.89686
50.01966
45.76468
42.03041
38.73523
35.81289
33.20921
30.87948
28.78658
26.89946
25.192
23.64211
22.23096
20.94249
19.76287
18.68018
17.68409
16.76559
15.91684

KL/r
4.081633
8.163265
12.2449
16.32653
20.40816
24.4898
28.57143
32.65306
36.73469
40.81633
44.89796
48.97959
53.06122
57.14286
61.22449
65.30612
69.38776
73.46939
77.55102
81.63265
85.71429
89.79592
93.87755
97.95918
102.0408
106.1224
110.2041
114.2857
118.3673
122.449
126.5306
130.6122
134.6939
138.7755
142.8571
146.9388
151.0204
155.102
159.1837

74
21.8
2.92
Fe
17180.27
4295.067
1908.919
1073.767
687.2107
477.2296
350.6177
268.4417
212.1021
171.8027
141.9857
119.3074
101.6584
87.65442
76.35674
67.11042
59.44729
53.02552
47.59077
42.95067
38.95752
35.49642
32.47688
29.82685
27.48843
25.4146
23.5669
21.91361
20.42838
19.08919
17.87749
16.7776
15.77619
14.86182
14.02471
13.25638
12.5495
11.89769
11.29538

KL/r
4.109589
8.219178
12.32877
16.43836
20.54795
24.65753
28.76712
32.87671
36.9863
41.09589
45.20548
49.31507
53.42466
57.53425
61.64384
65.75342
69.86301
73.9726
78.08219
82.19178
86.30137
90.41096
94.52055
98.63014
102.7397
106.8493
110.9589
115.0685
119.1781
123.2877
127.3973
131.5068
135.6164
139.726
143.8356
147.9452
152.0548
156.1644
160.274

63
18.4
2.88
Fe
16947.32
4236.829
1883.035
1059.207
677.8927
470.7588
345.8636
264.8018
209.2261
169.4732
140.0605
117.6897
100.28
86.4659
75.32141
66.20046
58.64124
52.30653
46.94548
42.36829
38.42929
35.01512
32.03652
29.42243
27.11571
25.07
23.24735
21.61648
20.15139
18.83035
17.63509
16.55011
15.56227
14.66031
13.83454
13.07663
12.37934
11.73637
11.14222

KL/r
4.166667
8.333333
12.5
16.66667
20.83333
25
29.16667
33.33333
37.5
41.66667
45.83333
50
54.16667
58.33333
62.5
66.66667
70.83333
75
79.16667
83.33333
87.5
91.66667
95.83333
100
104.1667
108.3333
112.5
116.6667
120.8333
125
129.1667
133.3333
137.5
141.6667
145.8333
150
154.1667
158.3333
162.5

15.47978 137.5358 15.13095 163.2653 10.73767 164.3836 10.59207 166.6667

HP-10X
53
15.5
2.86
Fe
16486.19
4121.547
1831.799
1030.387
659.4475
457.9496
336.4528
257.5967
203.5332
164.8619
136.2495
114.4874
97.5514
84.1132
73.27194
64.39917
57.04563
50.88329
45.66811
41.21547
37.38364
34.06237
31.16482
28.62185
26.3779
24.38785
22.6148
21.0283
19.60308
18.31799
17.15524
16.09979
15.13883
14.26141
13.45811
12.72082
12.0425
11.41703
10.83904

KL/r
4.195804
8.391608
12.58741
16.78322
20.97902
25.17483
29.37063
33.56643
37.76224
41.95804
46.15385
50.34965
54.54545
58.74126
62.93706
67.13287
71.32867
75.52448
79.72028
83.91608
88.11189
92.30769
96.5035
100.6993
104.8951
109.0909
113.2867
117.4825
121.6783
125.8741
130.0699
134.2657
138.4615
142.6573
146.8531
151.049
155.2448
159.4406
163.6364

HP-8X

57
16.7
2.45
Fe
16258.01
4064.502
1806.445
1016.125
650.3203
451.6113
331.7961
254.0314
200.7161
162.5801
134.3637
112.9028
96.20123
82.94902
72.25781
63.50784
56.25608
50.17904
45.03603
40.64502
36.86623
33.59092
30.73347
28.22571
26.01281
24.05031
22.30179
20.73725
19.33176
18.06445
16.9178
15.87696
14.9293
14.06402
13.27184
12.54476
11.87583
11.25901
10.68903

KL/r
4.897959
9.795918
14.69388
19.59184
24.4898
29.38776
34.28571
39.18367
44.08163
48.97959
53.87755
58.77551
63.67347
68.57143
73.46939
78.36735
83.26531
88.16327
93.06122
97.95918
102.8571
107.7551
112.6531
117.551
122.449
127.3469
132.2449
137.1429
142.0408
146.9388
151.8367
156.7347
161.6327
166.5306
171.4286
176.3265
181.2245
186.1224
191.0204

42
12.4
2.41
Fe
11930.74
2982.685
1325.638
745.6713
477.2296
331.4095
243.4845
186.4178
147.2931
119.3074
98.60117
82.85237
70.5961
60.87113
53.02552
46.60446
41.28284
36.82327
33.04914
29.82685
27.05383
24.65029
22.55339
20.71309
19.08919
17.64903
16.3659
15.21778
14.18637
13.25638
12.41492
11.65111
10.95569
10.32071
9.73938
9.205819
8.714931
8.262286
7.844011

KL/r
4.979253
9.958506
14.93776
19.91701
24.89627
29.87552
34.85477
39.83402
44.81328
49.79253
54.77178
59.75104
64.73029
69.70954
74.6888
79.66805
84.6473
89.62656
94.60581
99.58506
104.5643
109.5436
114.5228
119.5021
124.4813
129.4606
134.4398
139.4191
144.3983
149.3776
154.3568
159.3361
164.3154
169.2946
174.2739
179.2531
184.2324
189.2116
194.1909

36
10.6
1.95
Fe
11544.35
2886.087
1282.705
721.5216
461.7738
320.6763
235.5989
180.3804
142.5228
115.4435
95.40782
80.16907
68.30974
58.89972
51.3082
45.0951
39.94583
35.6307
31.9788
28.86087
26.17766
23.85195
21.82296
20.04227
18.47095
17.07743
15.83587
14.72493
13.72693
12.82705
12.01285
11.27378
10.60087
9.986459
9.423956
8.907674
8.432685
7.994699
7.589971

KL/r
6.153846
12.30769
18.46154
24.61538
30.76923
36.92308
43.07692
49.23077
55.38462
61.53846
67.69231
73.84615
80
86.15385
92.30769
98.46154
104.6154
110.7692
116.9231
123.0769
129.2308
135.3846
141.5385
147.6923
153.8462
160
166.1538
172.3077
178.4615
184.6154
190.7692
196.9231
203.0769
209.2308
215.3846
221.5385
227.6923
233.8462
240

10.30387 167.8322 10.16125 195.9184 7.456713 199.1701 7.215216 246.1538

Fe
7557.958
1889.489
839.7731
472.3724
302.3183
209.9433
154.244
118.0931
93.30812
75.57958
62.46246
52.48582
44.72164
38.56101
33.59092
29.52327
26.1521
23.32703
20.93617
18.89489
17.13823
15.61562
14.28726
13.12145
12.09273
11.18041
10.36757
9.640253
8.98687
8.397731
7.864681
7.380818
6.940274
6.538026
6.169762
5.831758
5.520787
5.234043
4.969072

4.723724

Shape
lb/ft
Kl
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Available Strength in Axial Compression, kips


HP-Shapes
HP14X
HP12X
117
102
89 73c
84
74
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
1114.56
975.24
845.64
693.36
797.04
706.32
1113.905 974.6568 845.1257 692.9286 796.3413 705.6923
1111.941 972.9094 843.5847 691.636 794.2487 703.8125
1108.675 970.004 841.0225 689.487 790.7734 700.6907
1104.12 965.951 837.4486 686.4896 785.9335 696.3433
1098.29 960.7648 832.8758 682.655 779.7543 690.7935
1091.207 954.464 827.3208 677.9972 772.2678 684.0704
1082.895 947.0709 820.8035 672.5336 763.5127 676.2093
1073.382 938.6114 813.3473 666.2842 753.534 667.2509
1062.703 929.1154 804.9789 659.2716 742.3824 657.2415
1050.892 918.6158 795.7277 651.5213 730.114 646.2321
1037.991 907.1489 785.6264 643.0612 716.7899 634.2782
1024.043 894.7542 774.7101 633.9213 702.4757 621.4394
1009.095 881.4737 763.0166 624.134 687.2408 607.7788
993.1955 867.352 750.5857 613.7333 671.1581 593.3624
976.3974 852.4362 737.4595 602.7552 654.3029 578.2588
958.7549 836.7752 723.6818 591.237 636.7532 562.5385
940.3243 820.4199 709.298 579.2175 618.5882 546.2732
921.1637 803.4226 694.3547 566.7364 599.8882 529.5359
901.3325 785.8367 678.8996 553.8344 580.734 512.3993
880.8915 767.7168 662.9814 540.5529 561.2061 494.9365
859.9018 749.118 646.6492 526.9335 541.3843 477.2195
838.4253 730.0958 629.9523 513.0183 521.3474 459.3192
816.5241 710.7059 612.9404 498.8492 501.1722 441.3049
794.2601 691.0038 595.6626 484.468 480.9334 423.2438
771.6948 671.0446 578.168 469.9161 460.7031 405.2008
748.889 650.8829 560.5048 455.2343 440.5503 387.2377
725.9028 630.572 542.7204 440.4626 420.5408 369.4135
702.7949 610.1646 524.8613
425.64 400.7365 351.7836
679.6226 589.7117 506.9727 410.8045 381.1956 334.3999
656.4416 569.263 489.0983 395.993 361.9721 317.3105
633.3058 548.8664 471.2804 381.2405 343.1157 300.5596
610.2671 528.5678 453.5593 366.5811 324.6715 284.1871
587.3751 508.4114 435.9738 352.0469 306.3227 267.776
564.6772 488.4389 418.5606 337.6683 288.5687 252.2561
542.2181
468.69 401.3542 323.4741 272.3147 238.0474
520.0401 449.2019 384.3872 309.491 257.3962 225.0062
498.1829 430.0094 367.6897 295.7441 243.6709 213.0081
476.6832 411.1447
351.29 282.2562 231.0149 201.9447
455.5751 392.6377 335.2135 268.8517 219.3198 191.7213
434.7151 374.045 318.8947 255.5771 208.4909 182.255

Fy= 36

E= 29000
0.9
HP10X

HP8X

63 53c
57
42
36
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
596.16
502.2
541.08
401.76
343.44
595.6154 501.7348 540.3971 401.236 342.756
593.9845 500.3417 538.3535 399.6679 340.7121
591.2763 498.0285 534.9647 397.0682 337.3327
587.5055 494.808 530.2561 393.4569 332.6578
582.6927 490.6979 524.2631 388.862 326.7422
576.8639 485.7208 517.0302 383.3189 319.6548
570.0504 479.9038 508.6108 376.8697 311.4766
562.2886 473.2783 499.0663 369.5631
302.3
553.6196
465.88 488.4656 361.4533 292.2261
544.0888 457.7481 476.8839 352.5998 281.3639
533.7455 448.9253 464.4024 343.0665 269.8274
522.6427 439.4571 451.1066 332.9207 257.7342
510.8361 429.3921 437.0861 322.2328 245.2034
498.3845 418.7805 422.433 311.0748 232.3535
485.3483 407.6749 407.2412 299.5203 219.3008
471.7899 396.1288 391.6053 287.6432 206.1578
457.7728 384.1969 375.6198 275.5169 193.0312
443.3609 371.9344 359.3779 263.2137 180.0212
428.6186 359.3964 342.9709 250.8045 175.1642
413.6097 346.638 326.4873 238.3572 158.0857
398.3975 333.7134 310.0118 225.9371 143.3883
383.0439 320.6757 293.6252 213.6059 130.6493
367.6095 307.5768 277.4031 201.4212 119.5355
352.1526 294.4666 261.4162 189.4364 109.7817
336.7297 281.3931 245.7291 177.7002 101.1748
321.3941 268.4021 230.4006 166.2565 93.54181
306.1968 255.5367 215.4834 155.1443 86.7411
291.1853 242.8375 200.5903 154.9907 80.65594
276.4041 230.342 186.995 144.1176 75.18937
261.894 218.0849 174.7364 134.3498 70.26029
247.6925 206.0976 163.6449 125.5425 65.80048
233.8332 194.2411 153.5769 117.5736 61.75221
219.8631 182.6473 144.4103
110.34
207.1201 172.0613 136.0405 103.7541
195.4538 162.3697 128.3778 97.74067
184.746 153.4745 121.3448 92.23527
174.8947 145.2907 114.8742 87.18226
165.8109 137.7444 108.9078 82.53339
157.4167 130.7711 103.3943 78.24668
149.6443 124.3143 98.28925 74.28548

Check KL/r
KL/r
133.6807
KL/r >
133.6807
KL/r>
200

HP-14X
117
34.4
3.59
KL/r
Fe

Ag
ry
KL

inelastic
elastic
too slender

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

3.342618
6.685237
10.02786
13.37047
16.71309
20.05571
23.39833
26.74095
30.08357
33.42618
36.7688
40.11142
43.45404
46.79666
50.13928
53.48189
56.82451
60.16713
63.50975
66.85237
70.19499
73.5376
76.88022
80.22284
83.56546
86.90808
90.2507
93.59331
96.93593
100.2786
103.6212
106.9638
110.3064
113.649
116.9916
120.3343
123.6769
127.0195
130.3621
133.7047

25616.76
6404.189
2846.306
1601.047
1024.67
711.5766
522.791
400.2618
316.2563
256.1676
211.7087
177.8941
151.5784
130.6977
113.8523
100.0655
88.6393
79.06406
70.96055
64.04189
58.08788
52.92718
48.42487
44.47354
40.98681
37.89461
35.13958
32.67443
30.45988
28.46306
26.65635
25.01636
23.52319
22.15982
20.91164
19.76602
18.71202
17.74014
16.84205
16.01047

102
30.1
3.56
KL/r
3.370787
6.741573
10.11236
13.48315
16.85393
20.22472
23.59551
26.96629
30.33708
33.70787
37.07865
40.44944
43.82022
47.19101
50.5618
53.93258
57.30337
60.67416
64.04494
67.41573
70.78652
74.1573
77.52809
80.89888
84.26966
87.64045
91.01124
94.38202
97.75281
101.1236
104.4944
107.8652
111.236
114.6067
117.9775
121.3483
124.7191
128.0899
131.4607
134.8315

89
26.1
3.53
Fe
25190.41
6297.603
2798.935
1574.401
1007.616
699.7336
514.09
393.6002
310.9927
251.9041
208.1852
174.9334
149.0557
128.5225
111.9574
98.40004
87.16405
77.74818
69.77953
62.97603
57.12111
52.0463
47.61892
43.73335
40.30466
37.26392
34.55475
32.13063
29.95293
27.98935
26.21271
24.60001
23.13169
21.79101
20.5636
19.43705
18.40059
17.44488
16.56174
15.74401

KL/r
3.399433
6.798867
10.1983
13.59773
16.99717
20.3966
23.79603
27.19547
30.5949
33.99433
37.39377
40.7932
44.19263
47.59207
50.9915
54.39093
57.79037
61.1898
64.58924
67.98867
71.3881
74.78754
78.18697
81.5864
84.98584
88.38527
91.7847
95.18414
98.58357
101.983
105.3824
108.7819
112.1813
115.5807
118.9802
122.3796
125.779
129.1785
132.5779
135.9773

HP-12X
73
21.4
3.49
Fe
24767.64
6191.911
2751.96
1547.978
990.7057
687.9901
505.4621
386.9944
305.7734
247.6764
204.6913
171.9975
146.5541
126.3655
110.0784
96.7486
85.70118
76.44334
68.60843
61.91911
56.16245
51.17281
46.81974
42.99938
39.62823
36.63852
33.97482
31.59138
29.45023
27.5196
25.77278
24.18715
22.74347
21.4253
20.21848
19.11083
18.09178
17.15211
16.28379
15.47978

KL/r
3.438395
6.876791
10.31519
13.75358
17.19198
20.63037
24.06877
27.50716
30.94556
34.38395
37.82235
41.26074
44.69914
48.13754
51.57593
55.01433
58.45272
61.89112
65.32951
68.76791
72.2063
75.6447
79.08309
82.52149
85.95989
89.39828
92.83668
96.27507
99.71347
103.1519
106.5903
110.0287
113.467
116.9054
120.3438
123.7822
127.2206
130.659
134.0974
137.5358

84
24.6
2.94
Fe
24209.52
6052.379
2689.946
1513.095
968.3806
672.4866
494.0718
378.2737
298.8829
242.0952
200.0786
168.1216
143.2516
123.5179
107.5978
94.56842
83.76995
74.72073
67.06237
60.52379
54.89686
50.01966
45.76468
42.03041
38.73523
35.81289
33.20921
30.87948
28.78658
26.89946
25.192
23.64211
22.23096
20.94249
19.76287
18.68018
17.68409
16.76559
15.91684
15.13095

KL/r
4.081633
8.163265
12.2449
16.32653
20.40816
24.4898
28.57143
32.65306
36.73469
40.81633
44.89796
48.97959
53.06122
57.14286
61.22449
65.30612
69.38776
73.46939
77.55102
81.63265
85.71429
89.79592
93.87755
97.95918
102.0408
106.1224
110.2041
114.2857
118.3673
122.449
126.5306
130.6122
134.6939
138.7755
142.8571
146.9388
151.0204
155.102
159.1837
163.2653

74
21.8
2.92
Fe
17180.27
4295.067
1908.919
1073.767
687.2107
477.2296
350.6177
268.4417
212.1021
171.8027
141.9857
119.3074
101.6584
87.65442
76.35674
67.11042
59.44729
53.02552
47.59077
42.95067
38.95752
35.49642
32.47688
29.82685
27.48843
25.4146
23.5669
21.91361
20.42838
19.08919
17.87749
16.7776
15.77619
14.86182
14.02471
13.25638
12.5495
11.89769
11.29538
10.73767

KL/r
4.109589
8.219178
12.32877
16.43836
20.54795
24.65753
28.76712
32.87671
36.9863
41.09589
45.20548
49.31507
53.42466
57.53425
61.64384
65.75342
69.86301
73.9726
78.08219
82.19178
86.30137
90.41096
94.52055
98.63014
102.7397
106.8493
110.9589
115.0685
119.1781
123.2877
127.3973
131.5068
135.6164
139.726
143.8356
147.9452
152.0548
156.1644
160.274
164.3836

63
18.4
2.88
Fe
16947.32
4236.829
1883.035
1059.207
677.8927
470.7588
345.8636
264.8018
209.2261
169.4732
140.0605
117.6897
100.28
86.4659
75.32141
66.20046
58.64124
52.30653
46.94548
42.36829
38.42929
35.01512
32.03652
29.42243
27.11571
25.07
23.24735
21.61648
20.15139
18.83035
17.63509
16.55011
15.56227
14.66031
13.83454
13.07663
12.37934
11.73637
11.14222
10.59207

KL/r
4.166667
8.333333
12.5
16.66667
20.83333
25
29.16667
33.33333
37.5
41.66667
45.83333
50
54.16667
58.33333
62.5
66.66667
70.83333
75
79.16667
83.33333
87.5
91.66667
95.83333
100
104.1667
108.3333
112.5
116.6667
120.8333
125
129.1667
133.3333
137.5
141.6667
145.8333
150
154.1667
158.3333
162.5
166.6667

HP-10X
53
15.5
2.86
Fe
16486.19
4121.547
1831.799
1030.387
659.4475
457.9496
336.4528
257.5967
203.5332
164.8619
136.2495
114.4874
97.5514
84.1132
73.27194
64.39917
57.04563
50.88329
45.66811
41.21547
37.38364
34.06237
31.16482
28.62185
26.3779
24.38785
22.6148
21.0283
19.60308
18.31799
17.15524
16.09979
15.13883
14.26141
13.45811
12.72082
12.0425
11.41703
10.83904
10.30387

KL/r
4.195804
8.391608
12.58741
16.78322
20.97902
25.17483
29.37063
33.56643
37.76224
41.95804
46.15385
50.34965
54.54545
58.74126
62.93706
67.13287
71.32867
75.52448
79.72028
83.91608
88.11189
92.30769
96.5035
100.6993
104.8951
109.0909
113.2867
117.4825
121.6783
125.8741
130.0699
134.2657
138.4615
142.6573
146.8531
151.049
155.2448
159.4406
163.6364
167.8322

HP-8X

57
16.7
2.45
Fe
16258.01
4064.502
1806.445
1016.125
650.3203
451.6113
331.7961
254.0314
200.7161
162.5801
134.3637
112.9028
96.20123
82.94902
72.25781
63.50784
56.25608
50.17904
45.03603
40.64502
36.86623
33.59092
30.73347
28.22571
26.01281
24.05031
22.30179
20.73725
19.33176
18.06445
16.9178
15.87696
14.9293
14.06402
13.27184
12.54476
11.87583
11.25901
10.68903
10.16125

KL/r
4.897959
9.795918
14.69388
19.59184
24.4898
29.38776
34.28571
39.18367
44.08163
48.97959
53.87755
58.77551
63.67347
68.57143
73.46939
78.36735
83.26531
88.16327
93.06122
97.95918
102.8571
107.7551
112.6531
117.551
122.449
127.3469
132.2449
137.1429
142.0408
146.9388
151.8367
156.7347
161.6327
166.5306
171.4286
176.3265
181.2245
186.1224
191.0204
195.9184

42
12.4
2.41
Fe
11930.74
2982.685
1325.638
745.6713
477.2296
331.4095
243.4845
186.4178
147.2931
119.3074
98.60117
82.85237
70.5961
60.87113
53.02552
46.60446
41.28284
36.82327
33.04914
29.82685
27.05383
24.65029
22.55339
20.71309
19.08919
17.64903
16.3659
15.21778
14.18637
13.25638
12.41492
11.65111
10.95569
10.32071
9.73938
9.205819
8.714931
8.262286
7.844011
7.456713

KL/r
4.979253
9.958506
14.93776
19.91701
24.89627
29.87552
34.85477
39.83402
44.81328
49.79253
54.77178
59.75104
64.73029
69.70954
74.6888
79.66805
84.6473
89.62656
94.60581
99.58506
104.5643
109.5436
114.5228
119.5021
124.4813
129.4606
134.4398
139.4191
144.3983
149.3776
154.3568
159.3361
164.3154
169.2946
174.2739
179.2531
184.2324
189.2116
194.1909
199.1701

36
10.6
1.95
Fe
11544.35
2886.087
1282.705
721.5216
461.7738
320.6763
235.5989
180.3804
142.5228
115.4435
95.40782
80.16907
68.30974
58.89972
51.3082
45.0951
39.94583
35.6307
31.9788
28.86087
26.17766
23.85195
21.82296
20.04227
18.47095
17.07743
15.83587
14.72493
13.72693
12.82705
12.01285
11.27378
10.60087
9.986459
9.423956
8.907674
8.432685
7.994699
7.589971
7.215216

KL/r
6.153846
12.30769
18.46154
24.61538
30.76923
36.92308
43.07692
49.23077
55.38462
61.53846
67.69231
73.84615
80
86.15385
92.30769
98.46154
104.6154
110.7692
116.9231
123.0769
129.2308
135.3846
141.5385
147.6923
153.8462
160
166.1538
172.3077
178.4615
184.6154
190.7692
196.9231
203.0769
209.2308
215.3846
221.5385
227.6923
233.8462
240
246.1538

Fe
7557.958
1889.489
839.7731
472.3724
302.3183
209.9433
154.244
118.0931
93.30812
75.57958
62.46246
52.48582
44.72164
38.56101
33.59092
29.52327
26.1521
23.32703
20.93617
18.89489
17.13823
15.61562
14.28726
13.12145
12.09273
11.18041
10.36757
9.640253
8.98687
8.397731
7.864681
7.380818
6.940274
6.538026
6.169762
5.831758
5.520787
5.234043
4.969072
4.723724

Shape
lb/ft
Kl
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Available Strength in Axial Compression, kips


HP-Shapes
HP14X
HP12X
117
102
89 73c
84
74
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
1300.32 1137.78
986.58
808.92
929.88
824.04
1299.428 1136.986
985.88 808.3328 928.929 823.1857
1296.756 1134.608 983.783 806.5739 926.0819 820.628
1292.314 1130.656 980.298 803.6508 921.3561 816.383
1286.121 1125.147 975.4396 799.5764 914.7805 810.4767
1278.202 1118.102 969.2285 794.3681 906.395 802.9457
1268.59 1109.552 961.6908 788.0484 896.2504 793.8361
1257.323 1099.532 952.8582 780.6446 884.4076 783.2033
1244.447 1088.082 942.7675 772.188 870.9371 771.1116
1230.014 1075.25 931.4605 762.7146 855.9184 757.6332
1214.08 1061.087 918.9836 752.2642 839.4392 742.8477
1196.71 1045.651 905.3877 740.8802 821.5941 726.8413
1177.97 1029.001 890.7277 728.6097 802.4845 709.706
1157.933 1011.205 875.062 715.5025 782.217 691.5384
1136.676 992.3301 858.4524 701.6114 760.9026 672.4395
1114.279 972.4495 840.9634 686.9916 738.6558 652.513
1090.825 951.6381 822.6621 671.7003 715.5936 631.8648
1066.4 929.9732 803.6175 655.7962 691.8342 610.6019
1041.092 907.534 783.9002 639.3396 667.4962 588.8317
1014.991 884.401 763.582 622.3914 642.6979 566.6608
988.1867 860.6557 742.7354 605.0132 617.5558 544.1947
960.771 836.3797 721.4331 587.2668 592.1841 521.5361
932.8346 811.6548 699.7478 569.2137 566.6939 498.7852
904.4684 786.5623 677.7515 550.9149 541.1923 476.0381
875.762 761.1824 655.5155 532.4306 515.7816 453.3869
846.8036 735.594 633.1096 513.8197 490.5592 430.9185
817.6798 709.8744 610.6022 495.1398 465.6163 408.7149
788.4747 684.0986 588.0597 476.4465 441.0382 386.8519
759.27 658.3392 565.5459 457.7937 416.9034 365.3996
730.1442 632.6661 543.1226 439.2328 393.2837 344.4216
701.1727 607.1463 520.8485 420.8129 370.2438 323.9752
672.4272 581.8432 498.7793 402.5803 347.1233 303.4423
643.9757 556.8169 476.9677 384.5789 325.7671 284.7735
615.8822 532.1238 455.4629 366.8492 306.3227 267.776
588.2065 507.8166 434.3108 349.429 288.5687 252.2561
561.0039 483.9437 413.5535 332.3531 272.3147 238.0474
534.3255
460.55 393.2296 315.5273 257.3962 225.0062
508.2177
437.16 372.7038 298.7023 243.6709 213.0081
481.6788 414.4543 353.3459 283.188 231.0149 201.9447
457.294 393.4727 335.4579 268.8517 219.3198 191.7213
434.7151 374.045 318.8947 255.5771 208.4909 182.255

Fy= 42

E= 29000
0.9
HP10X

HP8X

63 53c
57
42
36
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
695.52
585.9
631.26
468.72
400.68
694.7788 585.2668 630.3306 468.0068 399.7491
692.5598 583.3714 627.5505 465.8737 396.9695
688.8773 580.2261 622.9442 462.3401 392.3797
683.7546 575.851 616.5522 457.4381 386.0429
677.2242 570.2744 608.4301 451.2118 378.0458
669.3273 563.5318 598.6483 443.7169 368.4962
660.1132 555.666 587.2906 435.0196 357.5208
649.6391 546.7264 574.453 425.1958 345.2625
637.9692 536.7686 560.2426 414.3301 331.877
625.1743 525.8538 544.7761 402.5144
317.53
611.3308 514.0481 528.1777 389.8466 302.3932
596.5204 501.4219 510.5782 376.4292 286.6415
580.8289 488.0493 492.1129 362.3684 270.4493
564.3453 474.0071 472.9196 347.772 253.9875
547.1613 459.3745 453.1377 332.7487 237.4207
529.3705 444.232 432.9056 317.4062 220.9045
511.0671 428.6605 412.3599 301.8505 204.5834
492.3455 412.7414 391.6335 286.1842 188.5888
473.2992 396.555 370.8544 270.5059 173.0378
454.0205 380.1803 350.1444 254.9091 158.0324
434.5992 363.6944 329.6182 239.481 143.3883
415.1225 347.1718 309.3823 224.3026 130.6493
395.6739 330.684 289.5341 209.4474 119.5355
376.3331 314.2988 270.1621 194.9813 109.7817
357.1752 298.0801 251.3444 180.7811 101.1748
338.2703 282.0877 232.6373 167.1423 93.54181
319.6836 266.3767 215.724 154.9907 86.7411
301.4746 250.9973 200.5903 144.1176 80.65594
283.697 235.995 186.995 134.3498 75.18937
266.0343 221.0032 174.7364 125.5425 70.26029
249.1476 206.9749 163.6449 117.5736 65.80048
233.8192 194.2411 153.5769
110.34 61.75221
219.8631 182.6473 144.4103 103.7541
207.1201 172.0613 136.0405 97.74067
195.4538 162.3697 128.3778 92.23527
184.746 153.4745 121.3448 87.18226
174.8947 145.2907 114.8742 82.53339
165.8109 137.7444 108.9078 78.24668
157.4167 130.7711 103.3943 74.28548
149.6443 124.3143 98.28925 70.61763

Check KL/r
KL/r
123.7643
KL/r >
123.7643
KL/r>
200

HP-14X
117
34.4
3.59
KL/r
Fe

Ag
ry
KL

inelastic
elastic
too slender

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

3.342618
6.685237
10.02786
13.37047
16.71309
20.05571
23.39833
26.74095
30.08357
33.42618
36.7688
40.11142
43.45404
46.79666
50.13928
53.48189
56.82451
60.16713
63.50975
66.85237
70.19499
73.5376
76.88022
80.22284
83.56546
86.90808
90.2507
93.59331
96.93593
100.2786
103.6212
106.9638
110.3064
113.649
116.9916
120.3343
123.6769
127.0195
130.3621
133.7047

25616.76
6404.189
2846.306
1601.047
1024.67
711.5766
522.791
400.2618
316.2563
256.1676
211.7087
177.8941
151.5784
130.6977
113.8523
100.0655
88.6393
79.06406
70.96055
64.04189
58.08788
52.92718
48.42487
44.47354
40.98681
37.89461
35.13958
32.67443
30.45988
28.46306
26.65635
25.01636
23.52319
22.15982
20.91164
19.76602
18.71202
17.74014
16.84205
16.01047

102
30.1
3.56
KL/r
3.370787
6.741573
10.11236
13.48315
16.85393
20.22472
23.59551
26.96629
30.33708
33.70787
37.07865
40.44944
43.82022
47.19101
50.5618
53.93258
57.30337
60.67416
64.04494
67.41573
70.78652
74.1573
77.52809
80.89888
84.26966
87.64045
91.01124
94.38202
97.75281
101.1236
104.4944
107.8652
111.236
114.6067
117.9775
121.3483
124.7191
128.0899
131.4607
134.8315

89
26.1
3.53
Fe
25190.41
6297.603
2798.935
1574.401
1007.616
699.7336
514.09
393.6002
310.9927
251.9041
208.1852
174.9334
149.0557
128.5225
111.9574
98.40004
87.16405
77.74818
69.77953
62.97603
57.12111
52.0463
47.61892
43.73335
40.30466
37.26392
34.55475
32.13063
29.95293
27.98935
26.21271
24.60001
23.13169
21.79101
20.5636
19.43705
18.40059
17.44488
16.56174
15.74401

KL/r
3.399433
6.798867
10.1983
13.59773
16.99717
20.3966
23.79603
27.19547
30.5949
33.99433
37.39377
40.7932
44.19263
47.59207
50.9915
54.39093
57.79037
61.1898
64.58924
67.98867
71.3881
74.78754
78.18697
81.5864
84.98584
88.38527
91.7847
95.18414
98.58357
101.983
105.3824
108.7819
112.1813
115.5807
118.9802
122.3796
125.779
129.1785
132.5779
135.9773

HP-12X
73
21.4
3.49
Fe
24767.64
6191.911
2751.96
1547.978
990.7057
687.9901
505.4621
386.9944
305.7734
247.6764
204.6913
171.9975
146.5541
126.3655
110.0784
96.7486
85.70118
76.44334
68.60843
61.91911
56.16245
51.17281
46.81974
42.99938
39.62823
36.63852
33.97482
31.59138
29.45023
27.5196
25.77278
24.18715
22.74347
21.4253
20.21848
19.11083
18.09178
17.15211
16.28379
15.47978

KL/r
3.438395
6.876791
10.31519
13.75358
17.19198
20.63037
24.06877
27.50716
30.94556
34.38395
37.82235
41.26074
44.69914
48.13754
51.57593
55.01433
58.45272
61.89112
65.32951
68.76791
72.2063
75.6447
79.08309
82.52149
85.95989
89.39828
92.83668
96.27507
99.71347
103.1519
106.5903
110.0287
113.467
116.9054
120.3438
123.7822
127.2206
130.659
134.0974
137.5358

84
24.6
2.94
Fe
24209.52
6052.379
2689.946
1513.095
968.3806
672.4866
494.0718
378.2737
298.8829
242.0952
200.0786
168.1216
143.2516
123.5179
107.5978
94.56842
83.76995
74.72073
67.06237
60.52379
54.89686
50.01966
45.76468
42.03041
38.73523
35.81289
33.20921
30.87948
28.78658
26.89946
25.192
23.64211
22.23096
20.94249
19.76287
18.68018
17.68409
16.76559
15.91684
15.13095

KL/r
4.081633
8.163265
12.2449
16.32653
20.40816
24.4898
28.57143
32.65306
36.73469
40.81633
44.89796
48.97959
53.06122
57.14286
61.22449
65.30612
69.38776
73.46939
77.55102
81.63265
85.71429
89.79592
93.87755
97.95918
102.0408
106.1224
110.2041
114.2857
118.3673
122.449
126.5306
130.6122
134.6939
138.7755
142.8571
146.9388
151.0204
155.102
159.1837
163.2653

74
21.8
2.92
Fe
17180.27
4295.067
1908.919
1073.767
687.2107
477.2296
350.6177
268.4417
212.1021
171.8027
141.9857
119.3074
101.6584
87.65442
76.35674
67.11042
59.44729
53.02552
47.59077
42.95067
38.95752
35.49642
32.47688
29.82685
27.48843
25.4146
23.5669
21.91361
20.42838
19.08919
17.87749
16.7776
15.77619
14.86182
14.02471
13.25638
12.5495
11.89769
11.29538
10.73767

KL/r
4.109589
8.219178
12.32877
16.43836
20.54795
24.65753
28.76712
32.87671
36.9863
41.09589
45.20548
49.31507
53.42466
57.53425
61.64384
65.75342
69.86301
73.9726
78.08219
82.19178
86.30137
90.41096
94.52055
98.63014
102.7397
106.8493
110.9589
115.0685
119.1781
123.2877
127.3973
131.5068
135.6164
139.726
143.8356
147.9452
152.0548
156.1644
160.274
164.3836

63
18.4
2.88
Fe
16947.32
4236.829
1883.035
1059.207
677.8927
470.7588
345.8636
264.8018
209.2261
169.4732
140.0605
117.6897
100.28
86.4659
75.32141
66.20046
58.64124
52.30653
46.94548
42.36829
38.42929
35.01512
32.03652
29.42243
27.11571
25.07
23.24735
21.61648
20.15139
18.83035
17.63509
16.55011
15.56227
14.66031
13.83454
13.07663
12.37934
11.73637
11.14222
10.59207

KL/r
4.166667
8.333333
12.5
16.66667
20.83333
25
29.16667
33.33333
37.5
41.66667
45.83333
50
54.16667
58.33333
62.5
66.66667
70.83333
75
79.16667
83.33333
87.5
91.66667
95.83333
100
104.1667
108.3333
112.5
116.6667
120.8333
125
129.1667
133.3333
137.5
141.6667
145.8333
150
154.1667
158.3333
162.5
166.6667

HP-10X
53
15.5
2.86
Fe
16486.19
4121.547
1831.799
1030.387
659.4475
457.9496
336.4528
257.5967
203.5332
164.8619
136.2495
114.4874
97.5514
84.1132
73.27194
64.39917
57.04563
50.88329
45.66811
41.21547
37.38364
34.06237
31.16482
28.62185
26.3779
24.38785
22.6148
21.0283
19.60308
18.31799
17.15524
16.09979
15.13883
14.26141
13.45811
12.72082
12.0425
11.41703
10.83904
10.30387

KL/r
4.195804
8.391608
12.58741
16.78322
20.97902
25.17483
29.37063
33.56643
37.76224
41.95804
46.15385
50.34965
54.54545
58.74126
62.93706
67.13287
71.32867
75.52448
79.72028
83.91608
88.11189
92.30769
96.5035
100.6993
104.8951
109.0909
113.2867
117.4825
121.6783
125.8741
130.0699
134.2657
138.4615
142.6573
146.8531
151.049
155.2448
159.4406
163.6364
167.8322

HP-8X

57
16.7
2.45
Fe
16258.01
4064.502
1806.445
1016.125
650.3203
451.6113
331.7961
254.0314
200.7161
162.5801
134.3637
112.9028
96.20123
82.94902
72.25781
63.50784
56.25608
50.17904
45.03603
40.64502
36.86623
33.59092
30.73347
28.22571
26.01281
24.05031
22.30179
20.73725
19.33176
18.06445
16.9178
15.87696
14.9293
14.06402
13.27184
12.54476
11.87583
11.25901
10.68903
10.16125

KL/r
4.897959
9.795918
14.69388
19.59184
24.4898
29.38776
34.28571
39.18367
44.08163
48.97959
53.87755
58.77551
63.67347
68.57143
73.46939
78.36735
83.26531
88.16327
93.06122
97.95918
102.8571
107.7551
112.6531
117.551
122.449
127.3469
132.2449
137.1429
142.0408
146.9388
151.8367
156.7347
161.6327
166.5306
171.4286
176.3265
181.2245
186.1224
191.0204
195.9184

42
12.4
2.41
Fe
11930.74
2982.685
1325.638
745.6713
477.2296
331.4095
243.4845
186.4178
147.2931
119.3074
98.60117
82.85237
70.5961
60.87113
53.02552
46.60446
41.28284
36.82327
33.04914
29.82685
27.05383
24.65029
22.55339
20.71309
19.08919
17.64903
16.3659
15.21778
14.18637
13.25638
12.41492
11.65111
10.95569
10.32071
9.73938
9.205819
8.714931
8.262286
7.844011
7.456713

KL/r
4.979253
9.958506
14.93776
19.91701
24.89627
29.87552
34.85477
39.83402
44.81328
49.79253
54.77178
59.75104
64.73029
69.70954
74.6888
79.66805
84.6473
89.62656
94.60581
99.58506
104.5643
109.5436
114.5228
119.5021
124.4813
129.4606
134.4398
139.4191
144.3983
149.3776
154.3568
159.3361
164.3154
169.2946
174.2739
179.2531
184.2324
189.2116
194.1909
199.1701

36
10.6
1.95
Fe
11544.35
2886.087
1282.705
721.5216
461.7738
320.6763
235.5989
180.3804
142.5228
115.4435
95.40782
80.16907
68.30974
58.89972
51.3082
45.0951
39.94583
35.6307
31.9788
28.86087
26.17766
23.85195
21.82296
20.04227
18.47095
17.07743
15.83587
14.72493
13.72693
12.82705
12.01285
11.27378
10.60087
9.986459
9.423956
8.907674
8.432685
7.994699
7.589971
7.215216

KL/r
6.153846
12.30769
18.46154
24.61538
30.76923
36.92308
43.07692
49.23077
55.38462
61.53846
67.69231
73.84615
80
86.15385
92.30769
98.46154
104.6154
110.7692
116.9231
123.0769
129.2308
135.3846
141.5385
147.6923
153.8462
160
166.1538
172.3077
178.4615
184.6154
190.7692
196.9231
203.0769
209.2308
215.3846
221.5385
227.6923
233.8462
240
246.1538

Fe
7557.958
1889.489
839.7731
472.3724
302.3183
209.9433
154.244
118.0931
93.30812
75.57958
62.46246
52.48582
44.72164
38.56101
33.59092
29.52327
26.1521
23.32703
20.93617
18.89489
17.13823
15.61562
14.28726
13.12145
12.09273
11.18041
10.36757
9.640253
8.98687
8.397731
7.864681
7.380818
6.940274
6.538026
6.169762
5.831758
5.520787
5.234043
4.969072
4.723724

Shape
lb/ft
Kl
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Available Strength in Axial Compression, kips


HP-Shapes
HP14X
HP12X
117
102
89 73c
84
74
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
1424.16 1246.14 1080.54
885.96 1018.44
902.52
1423.09 1245.188
1079.7 885.2557 1017.299 901.4953
1419.885 1242.336 1077.185 883.1461 1013.885 898.428
1414.559 1237.597 1073.007 879.6414 1008.22 893.3391
1407.136 1230.994 1067.184 874.7581 1000.341 886.263
1397.65 1222.555 1059.744 868.5193 990.3028 877.2475
1386.143 1212.32 1050.72 860.9546 978.1699 866.3529
1372.665 1200.334 1040.156 852.0994 964.0226 853.6519
1357.277 1186.651 1028.098 841.9949 947.9529 839.228
1340.045 1171.332 1014.601 830.688 930.0641 823.1754
1321.045 1154.445 999.7252 818.2304 910.4699 805.5973
1300.358 1136.063 983.5377 804.6787 889.2931 786.6053
1278.073 1116.267 966.109 790.0938 866.6642 766.3178
1254.282 1095.14 947.515 774.5403 842.7202 744.8592
1229.085 1072.772 927.8352 758.0862 817.6032 722.3584
1202.586 1049.255 907.1526 740.8025 791.4588 698.9473
1174.89 1024.687 885.5533 722.7623 764.4352 674.7601
1146.109 999.1652 863.1253 704.0407 736.6812 649.9315
1116.353 972.7909 839.9584 684.7142 708.3455 624.5957
1085.736 945.6662 816.1434 664.8598 679.5749 598.8853
1054.373 917.8936 791.7717 644.5551 650.5131 572.9299
1022.377 889.5758 766.9346 623.8774 621.3001 546.8555
989.864 860.8148 741.7224 602.9033 592.0705 520.7831
956.9451 831.7113 716.2247 581.7084 562.9528 494.8281
923.7313 802.3643 690.5292 560.3666 534.0687 469.0997
890.331 772.8705 664.7212 538.9498 505.5323 443.6997
856.8494 743.3237 638.8837 517.5278 477.4494 418.7225
823.3882 713.8145 613.0966 496.1675 449.9169 394.2546
790.0453 684.4297 587.4363 474.9327 423.0229 370.3739
756.914 655.2522 561.9756 453.8843 396.6533 346.7397
724.0829 626.3604 536.7832 433.0793 370.6505 324.009
691.6353 597.8279 511.9237 412.5712 347.1233 303.4423
659.6495 569.7236 487.4569 392.4096 325.7671 284.7735
628.1979 542.1111 463.4385 372.6401 306.3227 267.776
597.3473 515.0491 439.9191 353.3042 288.5687 252.2561
567.1585 488.5905 416.5155 333.815 272.3147 238.0474
536.6853 461.784 393.6971 315.5273 257.3962 225.0062
508.0673
437.16 372.7038 298.7023 243.6709 213.0081
481.6788 414.4543 353.3459 283.188 231.0149 201.9447
457.294 393.4727 335.4579 268.8517 219.3198 191.7213
434.7151 374.045 318.8947 255.5771 208.4909 182.255

Fy= 46

E= 29000
0.9
HP10X

HP8X

63 53c
57
42
36
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
cPn
761.76
641.7
691.38
513.36
438.84
760.8709 640.9405 690.2652 512.5045 437.7235
758.2098 638.6675 686.9315 509.9467 434.3911
753.7954 634.897 681.4111 505.712 428.8933
747.6583 629.6557 673.757 499.8425 421.313
739.8411 622.9804 664.0422 492.3959 411.7636
730.3977 614.9177 652.3586 483.445 400.3854
719.3925 605.5235 638.8154 473.0763 387.3432
706.9002 594.8622 623.5377 461.3883 372.8215
693.0042 583.0062 606.6641 448.4907 357.0206
677.7964 570.0347 588.3452 434.5019 340.152
661.3758 556.0334 568.7409 419.5477 322.4334
643.8475 541.0929 548.0183 403.7591 304.0846
625.3214 525.3081 526.3491 387.2708 285.3226
605.9115 508.7774 503.9078 370.2189 266.3577
585.7343 491.6012 480.8687 352.7392 247.3897
564.9082 473.8811 457.4044 334.9657 228.6048
543.5514 455.7192 433.683 317.0285 210.1727
521.7819 437.2165 409.8669 299.0527 192.2449
499.7157 418.4727 386.1104 281.1567 174.9526
477.4662 399.585 362.5589 263.4515 158.0857
455.1431 380.6472 339.3469 246.0392 143.3883
432.8514 361.749 316.5975 229.0125 130.6493
410.6911 342.9759 294.4214 212.4543 119.5355
388.7563 324.4077 272.9164 196.1601 109.7817
367.1345 306.1189 251.6205 180.7811 101.1748
345.9064 288.1777 232.6373 167.1423 93.54181
325.1454 270.6463 215.724 154.9907 86.7411
304.9174 253.5802 200.5903 144.1176 80.65594
284.6978 236.5076 186.995 134.3498 75.18937
266.0343 221.0032 174.7364 125.5425 70.26029
249.1476 206.9749 163.6449 117.5736 65.80048
233.8192 194.2411 153.5769
110.34 61.75221
219.8631 182.6473 144.4103 103.7541
207.1201 172.0613 136.0405 97.74067
195.4538 162.3697 128.3778 92.23527
184.746 153.4745 121.3448 87.18226
174.8947 145.2907 114.8742 82.53339
165.8109 137.7444 108.9078 78.24668
157.4167 130.7711 103.3943 74.28548
149.6443 124.3143 98.28925 70.61763

Check KL/r
KL/r
118.2608
KL/r >
118.2608
KL/r>
200

HP-14X
117
34.4
3.59
KL/r
Fe

Ag
ry
KL

inelastic
elastic
too slender

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

3.342618
6.685237
10.02786
13.37047
16.71309
20.05571
23.39833
26.74095
30.08357
33.42618
36.7688
40.11142
43.45404
46.79666
50.13928
53.48189
56.82451
60.16713
63.50975
66.85237
70.19499
73.5376
76.88022
80.22284
83.56546
86.90808
90.2507
93.59331
96.93593
100.2786
103.6212
106.9638
110.3064
113.649
116.9916
120.3343
123.6769
127.0195
130.3621
133.7047

25616.76
6404.189
2846.306
1601.047
1024.67
711.5766
522.791
400.2618
316.2563
256.1676
211.7087
177.8941
151.5784
130.6977
113.8523
100.0655
88.6393
79.06406
70.96055
64.04189
58.08788
52.92718
48.42487
44.47354
40.98681
37.89461
35.13958
32.67443
30.45988
28.46306
26.65635
25.01636
23.52319
22.15982
20.91164
19.76602
18.71202
17.74014
16.84205
16.01047

102
30.1
3.56
KL/r
3.370787
6.741573
10.11236
13.48315
16.85393
20.22472
23.59551
26.96629
30.33708
33.70787
37.07865
40.44944
43.82022
47.19101
50.5618
53.93258
57.30337
60.67416
64.04494
67.41573
70.78652
74.1573
77.52809
80.89888
84.26966
87.64045
91.01124
94.38202
97.75281
101.1236
104.4944
107.8652
111.236
114.6067
117.9775
121.3483
124.7191
128.0899
131.4607
134.8315

89
26.1
3.53
Fe
25190.41
6297.603
2798.935
1574.401
1007.616
699.7336
514.09
393.6002
310.9927
251.9041
208.1852
174.9334
149.0557
128.5225
111.9574
98.40004
87.16405
77.74818
69.77953
62.97603
57.12111
52.0463
47.61892
43.73335
40.30466
37.26392
34.55475
32.13063
29.95293
27.98935
26.21271
24.60001
23.13169
21.79101
20.5636
19.43705
18.40059
17.44488
16.56174
15.74401

KL/r
3.399433
6.798867
10.1983
13.59773
16.99717
20.3966
23.79603
27.19547
30.5949
33.99433
37.39377
40.7932
44.19263
47.59207
50.9915
54.39093
57.79037
61.1898
64.58924
67.98867
71.3881
74.78754
78.18697
81.5864
84.98584
88.38527
91.7847
95.18414
98.58357
101.983
105.3824
108.7819
112.1813
115.5807
118.9802
122.3796
125.779
129.1785
132.5779
135.9773

HP-12X
73
21.4
3.49
Fe
24767.64
6191.911
2751.96
1547.978
990.7057
687.9901
505.4621
386.9944
305.7734
247.6764
204.6913
171.9975
146.5541
126.3655
110.0784
96.7486
85.70118
76.44334
68.60843
61.91911
56.16245
51.17281
46.81974
42.99938
39.62823
36.63852
33.97482
31.59138
29.45023
27.5196
25.77278
24.18715
22.74347
21.4253
20.21848
19.11083
18.09178
17.15211
16.28379
15.47978

KL/r
3.438395
6.876791
10.31519
13.75358
17.19198
20.63037
24.06877
27.50716
30.94556
34.38395
37.82235
41.26074
44.69914
48.13754
51.57593
55.01433
58.45272
61.89112
65.32951
68.76791
72.2063
75.6447
79.08309
82.52149
85.95989
89.39828
92.83668
96.27507
99.71347
103.1519
106.5903
110.0287
113.467
116.9054
120.3438
123.7822
127.2206
130.659
134.0974
137.5358

84
24.6
2.94
Fe
24209.52
6052.379
2689.946
1513.095
968.3806
672.4866
494.0718
378.2737
298.8829
242.0952
200.0786
168.1216
143.2516
123.5179
107.5978
94.56842
83.76995
74.72073
67.06237
60.52379
54.89686
50.01966
45.76468
42.03041
38.73523
35.81289
33.20921
30.87948
28.78658
26.89946
25.192
23.64211
22.23096
20.94249
19.76287
18.68018
17.68409
16.76559
15.91684
15.13095

KL/r
4.081633
8.163265
12.2449
16.32653
20.40816
24.4898
28.57143
32.65306
36.73469
40.81633
44.89796
48.97959
53.06122
57.14286
61.22449
65.30612
69.38776
73.46939
77.55102
81.63265
85.71429
89.79592
93.87755
97.95918
102.0408
106.1224
110.2041
114.2857
118.3673
122.449
126.5306
130.6122
134.6939
138.7755
142.8571
146.9388
151.0204
155.102
159.1837
163.2653

74
21.8
2.92
Fe
17180.27
4295.067
1908.919
1073.767
687.2107
477.2296
350.6177
268.4417
212.1021
171.8027
141.9857
119.3074
101.6584
87.65442
76.35674
67.11042
59.44729
53.02552
47.59077
42.95067
38.95752
35.49642
32.47688
29.82685
27.48843
25.4146
23.5669
21.91361
20.42838
19.08919
17.87749
16.7776
15.77619
14.86182
14.02471
13.25638
12.5495
11.89769
11.29538
10.73767

KL/r
4.109589
8.219178
12.32877
16.43836
20.54795
24.65753
28.76712
32.87671
36.9863
41.09589
45.20548
49.31507
53.42466
57.53425
61.64384
65.75342
69.86301
73.9726
78.08219
82.19178
86.30137
90.41096
94.52055
98.63014
102.7397
106.8493
110.9589
115.0685
119.1781
123.2877
127.3973
131.5068
135.6164
139.726
143.8356
147.9452
152.0548
156.1644
160.274
164.3836

63
18.4
2.88
Fe
16947.32
4236.829
1883.035
1059.207
677.8927
470.7588
345.8636
264.8018
209.2261
169.4732
140.0605
117.6897
100.28
86.4659
75.32141
66.20046
58.64124
52.30653
46.94548
42.36829
38.42929
35.01512
32.03652
29.42243
27.11571
25.07
23.24735
21.61648
20.15139
18.83035
17.63509
16.55011
15.56227
14.66031
13.83454
13.07663
12.37934
11.73637
11.14222
10.59207

KL/r
4.166667
8.333333
12.5
16.66667
20.83333
25
29.16667
33.33333
37.5
41.66667
45.83333
50
54.16667
58.33333
62.5
66.66667
70.83333
75
79.16667
83.33333
87.5
91.66667
95.83333
100
104.1667
108.3333
112.5
116.6667
120.8333
125
129.1667
133.3333
137.5
141.6667
145.8333
150
154.1667
158.3333
162.5
166.6667

HP-10X
53
15.5
2.86
Fe
16486.19
4121.547
1831.799
1030.387
659.4475
457.9496
336.4528
257.5967
203.5332
164.8619
136.2495
114.4874
97.5514
84.1132
73.27194
64.39917
57.04563
50.88329
45.66811
41.21547
37.38364
34.06237
31.16482
28.62185
26.3779
24.38785
22.6148
21.0283
19.60308
18.31799
17.15524
16.09979
15.13883
14.26141
13.45811
12.72082
12.0425
11.41703
10.83904
10.30387

KL/r
4.195804
8.391608
12.58741
16.78322
20.97902
25.17483
29.37063
33.56643
37.76224
41.95804
46.15385
50.34965
54.54545
58.74126
62.93706
67.13287
71.32867
75.52448
79.72028
83.91608
88.11189
92.30769
96.5035
100.6993
104.8951
109.0909
113.2867
117.4825
121.6783
125.8741
130.0699
134.2657
138.4615
142.6573
146.8531
151.049
155.2448
159.4406
163.6364
167.8322

HP-8X

57
16.7
2.45
Fe
16258.01
4064.502
1806.445
1016.125
650.3203
451.6113
331.7961
254.0314
200.7161
162.5801
134.3637
112.9028
96.20123
82.94902
72.25781
63.50784
56.25608
50.17904
45.03603
40.64502
36.86623
33.59092
30.73347
28.22571
26.01281
24.05031
22.30179
20.73725
19.33176
18.06445
16.9178
15.87696
14.9293
14.06402
13.27184
12.54476
11.87583
11.25901
10.68903
10.16125

KL/r
4.897959
9.795918
14.69388
19.59184
24.4898
29.38776
34.28571
39.18367
44.08163
48.97959
53.87755
58.77551
63.67347
68.57143
73.46939
78.36735
83.26531
88.16327
93.06122
97.95918
102.8571
107.7551
112.6531
117.551
122.449
127.3469
132.2449
137.1429
142.0408
146.9388
151.8367
156.7347
161.6327
166.5306
171.4286
176.3265
181.2245
186.1224
191.0204
195.9184

42
12.4
2.41
Fe
11930.74
2982.685
1325.638
745.6713
477.2296
331.4095
243.4845
186.4178
147.2931
119.3074
98.60117
82.85237
70.5961
60.87113
53.02552
46.60446
41.28284
36.82327
33.04914
29.82685
27.05383
24.65029
22.55339
20.71309
19.08919
17.64903
16.3659
15.21778
14.18637
13.25638
12.41492
11.65111
10.95569
10.32071
9.73938
9.205819
8.714931
8.262286
7.844011
7.456713

KL/r
4.979253
9.958506
14.93776
19.91701
24.89627
29.87552
34.85477
39.83402
44.81328
49.79253
54.77178
59.75104
64.73029
69.70954
74.6888
79.66805
84.6473
89.62656
94.60581
99.58506
104.5643
109.5436
114.5228
119.5021
124.4813
129.4606
134.4398
139.4191
144.3983
149.3776
154.3568
159.3361
164.3154
169.2946
174.2739
179.2531
184.2324
189.2116
194.1909
199.1701

36
10.6
1.95
Fe
11544.35
2886.087
1282.705
721.5216
461.7738
320.6763
235.5989
180.3804
142.5228
115.4435
95.40782
80.16907
68.30974
58.89972
51.3082
45.0951
39.94583
35.6307
31.9788
28.86087
26.17766
23.85195
21.82296
20.04227
18.47095
17.07743
15.83587
14.72493
13.72693
12.82705
12.01285
11.27378
10.60087
9.986459
9.423956
8.907674
8.432685
7.994699
7.589971
7.215216

KL/r
6.153846
12.30769
18.46154
24.61538
30.76923
36.92308
43.07692
49.23077
55.38462
61.53846
67.69231
73.84615
80
86.15385
92.30769
98.46154
104.6154
110.7692
116.9231
123.0769
129.2308
135.3846
141.5385
147.6923
153.8462
160
166.1538
172.3077
178.4615
184.6154
190.7692
196.9231
203.0769
209.2308
215.3846
221.5385
227.6923
233.8462
240
246.1538

Fe
7557.958
1889.489
839.7731
472.3724
302.3183
209.9433
154.244
118.0931
93.30812
75.57958
62.46246
52.48582
44.72164
38.56101
33.59092
29.52327
26.1521
23.32703
20.93617
18.89489
17.13823
15.61562
14.28726
13.12145
12.09273
11.18041
10.36757
9.640253
8.98687
8.397731
7.864681
7.380818
6.940274
6.538026
6.169762
5.831758
5.520787
5.234043
4.969072
4.723724