You are on page 1of 10

PBLNewscastScript

MaiasPartinScene1:(UnabridgedVersion)
Hi,mynameisDr.MaiaMwalwandaandIamacertifiedvetfromtheUniversityof
Guelph.IamapartofPETA,andIbelievethatanimaltestingisacruelandinhumanewayto
tortureanimalsformankind'sownbenefit.Haveyoueverheardofvivisection,noprobablynot,
butyoumayhaveheardaboutanimalexperiments,whichisthemorecommonterm.Vivisection
canincludeadministeringdrugs,infectingwithdiseases,poisoningfortoxicitytesting,brain
damaging,blinding,andothel/rpainfulandinvasiveprocedures.Itcanalsoincludeexperiments
thatcauseseveresuffering,suchaslongtermsocialisolation,fullbodyrestraint,electric
shocks,withholdingoffoodandwater,orrepeatedlybreedingandseparatinginfantsfrom
mothers.Essentially,itisusinganimalsinwaysthatcausedistressand/ordeathinattemptsto
testthesafetyofdrugsandbiologicalproductsorforfindingtreatments,prevention,orcuresfor
humandiseases.
Youprobablyneverpaidattentiontothisorthoughtthattheseexperiments
neverhurttheanimals,butthatiscompletelyuntrue.Inresearchlabsanimalsarescreamedat,
hit,andstuffedintinycages,whenresearchersarefinishedusingthem.Eachyearmorethan
100millionanimalsdiebecauseofanimaltesting.
Hereareasomeanimalexperimentsthatarecompletelyimmoralandtrulyscary.Little
babymonkeys,someonlytwoweeksold,wereforcedtohavebrainsurgeryinwhichelectrodes
wereimplantedintheirbrains.Afterthateachmonkeyistracheostomizedandputinahead
framesothattheycanundergoextensiveelectroderecordingtrialwhichcanlastupto4days.
Finallyafterdaysoftesting,thebabiesgetkilledsotheirbrainscanbecutoutandstudied.
Doesthatsoundinanywayethicaltoyou?Andtheworstpartisthatallthatsufferingandwaste
oflifeintheendyieldednonewknowledgeormedicaladvancements,asdomostofthese
experiments.Infact92%ofdrugsthatareusedinandpassanimalstestdonotpassthehuman
clinicaltrials,andalthoughwehavefoundacureforcancerinmice,thosedrugsareuselesson
humanbeings.
Theseexperimentsarenotonlyperformedonrats,miceandmonkeys,butotheranimals
too,includingcats,dogsetc.Hereareafewexamplesofwhatkindsofinhumaneexperiments
areperformedoncats.They
drillholesintocatsskulls,implantelectrodesintheirbrains,and

implantsteelcoilsintheireyes.Catsareintentionallydeafenedandthenkilled.Forsome
experimentstheycutintocatsfaces,crushtheiropticnerves,removetheireyes,andthenkill
them.Inauditorystudies,catshavetheirearscutoffandarelockedinrestraintchairssothat
theirbrainactivitycanbemeasuredinresponsetodifferentsounds.Instrokeexperiments,
bloodflowtothecatsbrainsoreyesisblocked,causingastroke.Invisionexperiments,cats
areraisedindarkness,haveoneorbotheyessewnshut,orhavetheireyesremoved.
Theseareonlyafewexamplesofthemanyhorrificstoriesofanimalexperimentationin
ourworld.IhopeyourealizethattherearemanyalternatestothisandIhopeIhavehelped
informyouabouttherealityofanimaltestingandihopeyouwilltrytodosomethingtomakeit
illegal,thankyou.

Scene1:
Sajeev:
HelloandwelcometoScientificCanadian.ImSajeevKohli.

Kyung Bin: And Im Kyung Bin Son. Today, we willbecovering astoryregarding a subjectthat
has been disputed for years andyearsby scientific expertsandactivistorganizationsallaroundthe
worldanimalorientedscientificexperimentation.

Sajeev: Recently in Vancouver, B.C., a family took in a chimpanzee that they named Zan. The
Tomlinfamilytook careofZan forafewyears,proceededtosell himtoaresearchinstitute that was
about to sell him again to a biomedical facility. However, they stole the chimp before this could
happen,bringinghimbacktotheirhome,andfinallylettingtheanimal live in achimpsanctuaryin
theUnitedStatesofAmerica.

Kyung Bin Son:Thatsasignificantamountof backandforthforthepoorchimp.Anyways,Zanis


notthe onlychimporanimalthathasbeentakeninbyhumansforthepurposesofscientificresearch
andhedefinitely isntthe primeexampleofhowdetrimentaltherepercussionsontheseanimalscan
be. Today, on Scientific Canadian we have decided to look further into the aspect of this field to
assess whetherornotitismorallyjustifiedtouseanimalsforscientificresearchandtoexamineboth
sidesofthecointhatencompassesitsprosandconsmorethoroughlytoreachareasonableverdict.

Sajeev:
To start us off, lets interview Michael Li, aninthgraderatahighschoolinwaterloo, Sir
John A. Macdonald, who has recently done some thorough research regarding the risks of animal
researchforasummativeEnglishprojecthehastohandinsoon.

KyungBinSon:
HelloMichael.

MichaelLi:
Hello.

Kyung Bin Son: So, based on your thoroughresearchwhatare themainrisksof usinganimals as


testsubjects?

MichaelLi: Well,yousee, animalexperimentationiswidelyusedtotesttheeffectivenessofnewly


developedpharmaceuticalsandotherproducts,butmanyoftheseexperimentscancauseasignificant
amountofpaintotheanimals onwhichtheyareconductedandorreducetheirqualityof life,which
somepeopleconsidertobemorallywrong.

Sajeev Kohli:
Can you elaborate on the pain that the animals feel or how exactly this is morally
wrong?

MichaelLi: Okay, to giveyouanexample,in1997 Dr. JayVacantiandhisteamgrewahumanear


on the back of a mouse. I dontknowwhatthe purposeofthatscientificstudywas,but I doknow
that the mice associated with the project were never able to properly perform processes such as
reproductionproperlyagain.

KyungBinSon:
Wow,thatisverytragictohearabout.ThankyouforyourtimeMichael.

MichaelLi:
Noproblems.

SajeevKohli:
Thestudy Michaelwas referringtoreallyoutlines how,whenlooked atfromanother
perspective,animalresearchcanseemtohaveverynegativeimpacts.

KyungBin Son: To get a better understanding of the negative impacts that animal research can
have, we contacted our research analyst, Maia Mwalwanda and asked her to go through various
databases of scientific publications to figure out how morally wrong these experiments can get.
HeresMaianowtotalkaboutherfindings.

Maia talks about her findings..explains the definition of vivisection..detailed stories.talks


aboutcosmeticANDmedicalresearch

Scene2

SajeevKohli:Inordertogetagoodunderstandingoftheadvantagesandconsequencesassociated
withanimalresearch,itwouldmakesensetofirstindulgeintoitshistorytolearnexactlyhowit
startedandhowitevolved.

KyungBinSon:Throughitsevolution,onewouldassumethatanimalresearchbecamelessinvasive
forthespeciesthatitwasconducteduponandperhapsmoreeffectiveaswell.

SajeevKohli:KyungBinandIwenttotheresearcharchivelibrarylocatedintheresidentialareaof
CanadasKohlifamily,alibraryfilledwithawidevarietyofpapersassociatedwithscientific
experimentationthroughouttheyears,tolearnaboutitshistoryandvalidateourassumption.

PantoKohliFamilyHouse

KyungBinSon:Afterspanningthroughtheplethoraofbooksinthisarea,wehavelearnedquitea
lot.

SajeevKohli:ThehistoryofanimaltestinggoesbacktotheAncientGreeks,withAristotleand
Erasistratusbeingthefirsthumanindividualstoperformanexperimentonananimal.

KyungBin:Galen,aphysicianinsecondcenturyRome,isquiteoftenreferredtoasthefatherof
vivisection

SajeevKohli:Itwasinthe12thcenturythatAvenzoar,anArabicphysician,implementedanimal
researchasameansofpracticingsurgicalandinvasiveproceduresonanimalstovalidatewhetheror
nottheyworkonhumans

KyungBin:Aftertheadventofanimalbasedorinvivoexperiments,theexplodingmedical
revolutionsoaredandreachednewheights.

SajeevKohli:Inthe 18thcentury,AntoineLavoisierprovedrespirationwasaformofcombustion, in
the1880s,LouisPasteurconceptualizedthegermtheory,inthe1890s,IvanPavlovcameupwiththe
ideaofpsychologicalclassicalconditioning.

KyungBinSon:ThiswasfollowedbyEdgarAdrianwhoprovedthatchemicalsynapseslay thebase
for neuronal communication in 1921, the creation ofinsulinasa remedy fordiabetes byFrederick
Banting in thesameyear,JonasSalkwhoinvented thepoliovaccinein1941,thebeginningofheart
valvesurgeryin1960byAlbertStarr,andcountlessother innovationsallasaresultofusinganimals
forscientificresearch.

SajeevKohli:Theresultswereastonishingandvery,veryeffective forbenefittingthe humanspecies


by expanding our knowledge...but did anyone consider how this wasimpacting theanimals?With
Antoine Lavoisiers studies, a guinea pig was placed in a compact metal box for severalhourson
end. Louis Pasteur infected sheepwith anthrax, abacteriacausing avery harmfulinfection. Pavlov
starveddogsbutalsogavethemanabundanceoffoodonarandom,alternatingbasis,confusingtheir
physiological state. Adrian subjected frogs to invasive electrically mediate harm, Banting literally
tiedup thepancreaticducts ofdogs,SalkcrosscontaminatedmonkeyswithpolioandStarrpracticed
heart replacement on pigs and dogs, which initially involved solving numerous difficulties that
causedalargenumberoftheseanimalstodie.

Kyung Bin Son: We cross examined the history of animal research with the history of animal
activism and found that the first animal protection law was established in 1822, promoted by
wellknownbiologistCharlesDarwin.

Sajeev Kohli: Arguing against the use of animals for scientific research became prevalent in the
United States of America in the year 1860, when Henry Bergh founded the AmericanSocietyfor
CrueltyPrevention ofAnimalsandtheAmericanAntiVIVIsection Society(theformerwasfounded
in1883)

KyungBinSon:Theseindividualsprotestedtheuseofanimalsforscientificresearch,askingpeople
to think about theperspectiveofthe animals,askingthemtothinkabouthowtheyweresentient as
well and how we were being cruel tothembypokingthem withneedlesandfittingapparatusesin
them to see how they work and in a way, they were right to do so. They established laws that
scientistshad toaccept,and theyadvocatedcompletemitigationofanimalresearchandvivisection.
In a way, they were right to do so. But so were the scientists for conducting the
experiments...becauseweadvancedsosignificantly.

SajeevKohli:AsKyungBinexplained,whenlookingintothehistoryofanimalresearchandhow
weveadvanced,onemayadvocatethatanimalresearchisavitalpartofourcivilizationsmethodof

developingknowledgetokeepallushumanshealthy.Butonemayalsoargueafterlookingatthe
historyofanimalactivistgroupsthatmostexperimentsareinefficientasaresultofbogusprotocols
(aswasdiscussedbyMaia)andthattheonlythingthatcomesoutofusinganimalsinscientific
researchispaintotheanimals.Suchisthenatureofthecoinweexamine,acointhatformed
thousandsofyearsago.

Scene3
KyungBin:WewerecurioustoseewhatpeopleintheSirJohnA.MacdonaldSecondarySchool
thoughtaboutanimalbasedorinvivoexperimentationsoweinterviewedasetofstudentsfrom
variousclassesbyaskingthemwhattheythoughtofwhentheyheardtheworldanimaltestsubject

SajeevKohli:Hereistheclipshowingtheresponseswereceived

KyungBin:Wealsointerviewedthreeofthemainscienceteachersattheschoolwithquestionsthat
wereabitmorethoroughtogetagoodunderstandingoftheirtakeonthewholesituation.Hereare
theclipsshowingtheirresponses.

SajeevKohli:Onecanclearlyseefromanalyzingtheseclipsthatpeoplearesplitontheideaof
animalexperimentation.Somesayitsnecessaryandthattheydratherhavesomeonecutopenan
animalfirstbeforethem,butotherssaythatwithcomingtechnologiesinmodellingitsuseshouldbe
limited.

KyungBinSon:FollowinguponMr.Westobysresponse,wedecidedtolookfurtherintotheaspect
ofcomputerbasedmodellingaswellasothertechnologiescurrentlyinplaceasalternativesfor
animaltesting.

SajeevKohli:AccordingtotheCFHS,orCanadianFederationofHumaneSocieties,animalresearch
isimportantandshouldntbemitigatedbecauseofhowmuchithasallowedustoadvance,butthe
websitealsosuggeststhatitsusebelimitedasmuchaspossibletouseothermeans.

KyungBinSon:Thesemeansincludecomputerbasedmodelstostimulatediseasesandhelp
individualsunderstandhowcombinationsofvariousproteinsandchemicalscanbeusedasdisease
therapeutics.Themodelscanbefittodataassociatedwithhumantoenablethemtoactasavirtual
modelofhowthebodywouldreactinvariousconditions.Anexampleofthistypeofmodelling
wouldbecomputerbaseddrugdiscoverythroughvirtualscreeningofalibraryconsistingofmillions
ofchemicalstofindwhichonewouldbestremediateadisease.Thismethodisalsoveryeffectiveas
itgivesresultsforsomethingthatwouldtakeaveryverylongtimetoconductonanimalsinalabin
arelativelyshortperiodoftime.

SajeevKohli:Anotheralternativeforanimalresearchsuggestedbythewebsiteisreferredtoasin
vitrotesting,alsoreferredtoascellandtissueculture.Samplesofhumantissuesandcellsinlabscan
beusedtoconductlabresearchatarelativelylowcostwhencomparedtoinvivotesting.These

samplescreateanartificialenvironmentforthecellinwhichonemaychoosetotesttheefficiencyof
varioustreatmentsandtherapies,butunfortunatelythismodeldoesnttakealloftheinteractions
encompassedinthecomplexnatureofthebodyandcanonlybeusedasastartingpointinresearch.

KyungBinSon:TheCHFSadvisestotrytopreventuseofanimalresearchasmuchaspossibleand
tolimitthenumberofanimalsinanexperimentwheretheymustbeused.

SajeevKohli:NowweknowtheopinionoftheCHFS,weveexaminedthehistoryofanimal
research,wevereadaboutvariouspublicationsandweveinterviewedourschool.Thenextstepin
answeringourquestionistotakeittothepeoplewhoperformitscentralactivityasadaily
profession.

Scene4:

KyungBinSon:Wedecidedthattoreallyassessthetwodominantperspectiveswhenlookingat
whetherornotanimalexperimentationismorallyjustified,wewouldhavetogototheareawhere
thisoccursmostinourregion,theacclaimedUniversityofWaterloo.Here,weinterviewed5
doctorateresearchersinthefieldsofbiology,chemicalengineering,andmoleculardynamicstoget
theiropinionsonthematter.

SajeevKohli:Hereistheclipforthatinterview.

Scene5:
KyungBin:Wewonderedwhatlegislationsandregulationswereinplacetoensurethatanimalsare
beingtreatedwithasmuchcareandrespectaspossibleduringresearch,sowecontactedourresearch
analystMaiaMwalwandaonceagainforherinputonthematter.

SajeevKohli:HelloMaia.Pleaseshareyourfindingswithourviewers.

Maia Mwalwanda: Hello. Okay sofirstofall,currentstandardsformedical researchthatareset in


Canadarequire bylawthatanydrug,pharmaceuticalortherapeuticbetestedonanimalswithinvivo
experimentation to determine how these differing treatments actually impact a living body. It is
actually a law established by the Canadian government where you cannot release any form of
medicine into the market before havingseen howit reactswith ananimal first.TheHealthCanada
websiteexplainsthatthough we areadvancinganddevelopingintermsofvarioustechnologies, we
stilldo nothavesomethingthatcancompletelyreplaceinvivotestingandmimicthecomplexitiesof
ahumanbody.

SajeevKohli:Interesting.Whataboutlawsestablishedtoenforcepropertreatmentoftheanimals?

Maia:Well,theCanadianCouncilonAnimalCare,orCCACisthecommitteeresponsibletooversee
theuseofanimalresearchinCanada.TheCCAChascomeupwithguidelinestofollowwhile
participatinginthecareanduseofanimalsinanimalresearchandhasalsoestablishedvarious

assessmentpanelsinuniversitiesalloverthecountryaswellasingovernmentandcommercial
sciencelabs.BeforetheformationoftheCCACin1968,theonlylegislationinplaceforanimal
researchwasthesinglepagedCanadianFederationofBiologicalSocieties.

KyungBinSon:So,haveweimprovedineffectivenesswiththeinceptionoftheCCAC?Orarewe
stillthesameaswewere50yearsago?

Maia:Fortunately,wehaveimproved.Thenumberofanimalsusedinscientificpublicationshas
decreasedasaresultoftheadoptionofthisoversightwhilethequalityofresearchhasgottenmuch
betteraswell.

SajeevKohli:Thatsgoodnews.Arethereanyspecificlawsthatyouknowofforrespectinganimals
inalabtypesetting?

Maia:ThereareactuallynofederallawsinplaceinCanadaformediatinganimalresearch,though
therearesomeprovinciallegislations.Sections444447oftheCanadianCriminalCodeprotect
animalsagainstanimalcrueltyinCanada,butsurprisinglyonly4provinces,thosebeingAlberta,
Ontario,SaskatchewanandQuebechaveadoptedlawsspecificallyagainstanimalresearch.Alberta
andSaskatchewaninparticularhavetakenCCACguidelinesandturnedthemintoProvincial
AnimalProtectionActs

KyungBinSon:Justoutofcuriosity,howaboutlegislationsonaglobalscale?Howdowediffer
fromothercountries?

Maia:WellImgladyouaskedthatquestion.YouseeasImentionedbefore,therearereally2forms
ofanimalresearchmedicalandcosmetic.TheEuropeanUnionactuallybannedanimaltestingfor
cosmeticsin2004withtheCosmeticsDirectiveandadditionallybannedanimaltestingforcosmetic
ingredientsin2009.AnimalUseintheUnitedStatesofAmericaismainlycontrolledbythe
InstitutionalAnimalCareandUseCommittees,orIACUCs,whicharecountlessinstitutionssetup
throughoutthecountrytoregulateanimalresearchandenforcetheirownguidelinestoensure
animalsarebeingtreatedproperly.

SajeevKohli:WellthankyouforyourtimeMaia.Itwasnicehavingyouontheshowagain.

Maia:Noproblems.Beforeleavingthough,Ithoughtthatitwouldbeinterestingforyoutolearnthat
intheUnitedStates,theonlyfederallawestablishedtoprotectanimalsinananimalresearchsetting
istheAnimalWelfareAct,ortheAWAwhichonlyaccountsforlessthan10%ofanimalsthatare
usedinlabs,notcoveringcoldbloodedanimalssuchasfishandreptilesorfarmanimalssuchas
cowsandpigs.Thelawcoversdogs,cats,chimpanzees,monkeys,guineapigs,hamstersandrabbits
andsetsveryminimalstandardsforhousing,feedingandotherbarenecessities.Currently,over100
millionanimalsarebeingusedaslabtestsubjectsintheUnitedStatesalone,mostlyforresearch
relatedtobiomedicineandvivisection.

SajeevKohli:Wow,thatdefinitelyissomethingtothinkabout.

KyungBinSon:100millionanimals.Ohmygoodness.Inordertogetabetterunderstandingofthe
processresearchershavetoundergotoreceivepermissiontotestanimalsinourregion,Sajeev
interviewedanethicsspecialistattheUniversityofWaterloo.Hereistheclipfromthatinterview.

Scene6
Exactlawsthatneedtobeabidedbycameupwithlinesonthespotsincemajorityofitisthe
interviewwithDr.Han

Scene7
KyungBinSon:ImKyungBinSonbackwithSajeevKohlionceagainwhoswitchedjobswith
MaiaMwalwandaagainbecausewhynot.

Sajeev:Anyways,sofarwehaveseenmanypeoplehighlightthenegativeimpactsofanimalresearch
andespeciallywiththestudiespointedoutbyMaia,wehaveseenthenegativesideoftheassociated
researchpublications.

KyungBinSon:Thoughitisquiteupsettingtolearnabouthowvariousanimalsaretreatedinalab
setting,weneedtoconsiderhowvaluabletheresultswehaveobtainedfromvariousanimalstudies
reallyare.

Sajeev:Inordertogetagoodunderstandingofthis,KyungBinandIreadthroughnumerousonline
databasesofscientificpublicationsandvariousothernewsarticlesaswell.Whatwefoundwastruly
incredible.

KyungBinSon:Intheworldtoday,therearemillionsofpeoplesufferingfromsomeformof
paralysisasaresultofaspinalcordinjury.In2013,GrgoireCourtine,aEuropeandoctorate
researcher,foundawaytoessentiallyuseacocktailofdrugsandelectricalimpulsestoregrow
nerveslinkingthespinalcordtothebrain.

SajeevKohli:Heconductedexperimentsonparalyzedratsbutafter2weeksoftreatment,theserats
wereabletorun,walk,climbstairsandsprintperfectlynormally.

KyungBinSon:Grgoiresresearchgrouphasbeenawardedcountlessgrants,includinga500
millioneurograntthisyearforcontinuingwithhumanexperimentationinwhatseemstobeavery
wellthoughtoutcurethatcanhelpparaplegicsallovertheworld.

SajeevKohli:Thebestpartisthatthetreatmenttakes3weeksaftertheinjurythatcausedparalysis.
Only3weekstoregrownerves.

KyungBinSon:Thatsnotall.Justacouplemonthsago,intheUniversityofNorthCarolina,a
researchteammadeagroundbreakingdiscoveryintermsofcancertreatmentthatmaywellchange
thewaydoctorsgoaboutcancertreatmentoneday.

Sajeev:Forthefirsttimeever,theseresearchersturnedskincellsintocancerfightingstemcellsthat
destroybraintumorsreferredtoasglioblastomainmice.ThisresearchbuildsupontheNobelPrize
Winningresearchinembryonicstemcellformationfrom2012butshowedinlabresultsthatmice
survivaltimeincreasedfrom160to220percentwhendisposedtothetherapywiththeirengineered
neuralstemcellthatalsocouldbeusedtogenerateatumorkillingproteininadditiontothecells,
fightingthetumoroneveryangle.

KyungBinSon:Theleaderofthestudy,ShawnHingtgen,saysthatthisisthefirsttimeneuralstem
cellsreprogrammedfromskincellsarebeingusedforcancertreatmentandthatthecureisavery,
verypromisingapproachforapossiblefutureglioblastomatherapeuticasiscorroboratedbythe
animaltestingtheyconducted.

SajeevKohli:Sowecanseethatinthesecases,animaltestinggaveustwowholenewsetsof
therapeuticsforparalysisandcancertreatment.Thoughweareharmingtheanimals,aslongaswe
ensuretoabidebyproperprotocol,wearereceivingresultsthatareadvancingourcivilizationand
thatareallowingustocurediseasesthatwerepreviouslythoughttobeincurable.

KyungBinSon:Aslongasresearchersabidebytheprotocolsestablishedtotakepropercareofthe
animals,inmanycases,especiallyinmedicine,theyaremakinggroundbreakingdiscoveriesthatare
changingtheworldbymeansofusinganimalresearch.

KyungBinSon:Inconclusion,asagroup,wedecidedthatthoughinsomecasesonemayarguethat
animalresearchisanimalcruelty,throughouttheyearsitisbecauseofanimalresearchthatwehave
themedicinesthatwehaveforcuringillnesses.Itisbecauseofanimaltestingthatourdeathrates
havecomedownandthatwehavebeenabletoflourishintermsofmaintaininggoodhealth.

SajeevKohli:Thoughtheanimalsaresubjectedtoinvasiveproceduresthatonemayargueisunjust
tothem,wehavenoothersurefiremeansoftestingdrugsanditisafederallawthatinvivo
experimentationmustbeconductedbeforereleasinganydrugonthemarket.

KyungBinSon:Soisanimalresearchnecessaryandbeneficialtotheworld?Dowe,ashumans,
needtocontinuepracticingiteverydayforourbettermentasaspecies?

SajeevKohli:Aslongasoneabidesbytheproperprotocolasstrictlyaspossible,wedecidedyes,
basedonwherewearenowintermsofscienceandthefactthatthoughwearedeveloping
alternativeswehavenocompletereplacementyet.Thoughanimaltestingshouldbelimited,itis
definitelynecessarybeforeanydrugtargetedathumanscanbereleasedintothemarket.

KyungBinSon:Finally,isanimalresearchmorallyjustifiedafterlookingattheplethoraof
associatedconsequences?

SajeevKohli:That,ladiesandgentlemen,isamatterofperspective.Onemaybeconvincedthatthe
animalsarebeingbutcheredforbogusresultsandassuchclaimnoandbeanadvocateofanimal
rightsandanimalactivism.Ontheotherhand,onemaybeconvincedbytheincredibleresultswe
haveobtainedfrominvivotestingandsayyesandthataslongastheanimalsarerespectedproperly
andthetestingislimited,itisourrighttoconductanimaltestingandwearebeingasmorallyjustas
possible.Theanswertothisquestionliesintwodifferingperspectives,twoopposingopinions,and
twocompletelyreasonablewaysoflookingatit.Suchisthenatureofthecoinweexamineinthis
project,acointhatwasformedthousandsofyearsago.

LinktoMagazine:
https://www.lucidpress.com/invitations/accept/c0b87773e5464ad086861489911aef54

Questionsforteacherinterview:

WhatisthefirstthingyouthinkofwhenIsaythewordAnimalTestSubject?
Whatsyourtakeonanimalbasedexperimentation?
Doyouthinkitismorallyjustified?
Doyouthinkitisnecessaryandbeneficialtotheworld?
Whatisyouropiniononvivisectionandinvasiveproceduresimplementedonanimals?
If you had toleaveouraudiencewithonepieceofinformationtotakeintoaccountwhenlooking
attheharshrepercussionsbutalsoadvantagesofanimalresearch,whatwoulditbe?

Questionforkidinterview:

WhatisthefirstthingyouthinkofwhenIsaythewordAnimalTestSubject?

QuestionsforResearcherInterview:
Whatistheprocessthatyounormallyundergoinordertoconductexperimentsonanimals?

What measures do you take to reduce the harm that comes to animals during in vivo
experimentation?

Do you think it would be beneficial to mix emotion with protocol while working to try to carefor
theanimalsasmuchaspossiblewhenyouareexperimenting?

Do you think that vivisection and other invasive procedures conducted on animals are morally
justified?

Do you think we could replace animal experimentation with a computer model or some other
alternative?