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Axolotl

~ Mexican Walking Fish ~

The Axolotl
Ambystoma mexicanum (Scientific Name).
The Axolotl is a salamander.
Belongs to the Amphibian group.
Fascinating Features Such as:
Grotesque appearance
Its ability to regenerate
Exhibits the phenomenon known as neoteny (Stays in Larva form).

Habitat
The Axolotl lives only in Lake Xochimilco and Lake Chalco in Central
Mexico.
Lake Chalco however was drained by humans to prevent flooding, so the
Axolotls can only live in a lake made up of many canals.
The Axolotl relies on Mexicos aquatic vegetation to attach their eggs for
fertilization.
Lake Xochimilco is known for its Floating Gardens, which are strips of
land between
drainage channels where the local people grow plant life and is a place
where Axolotls can be found.

Stages Of Growth
Stage 1 the egg is typically amphibian (2 mm in diameter).
Stage 2 is the embryo prior to hatching. (11mm in length).
Stage 3 is the young larva, prior to the growth of limbs.
Stage 4 the front legs develop first, followed within a few weeks by the hind legs.
Stage 5 the axolotl is, to all intents and purposes, a miniature adult.

The Genetic Colours


Genetic Colours may vary.
Albino
White (Also called Leucistic)
Melanoid
Wild Type
Combinations

Colour Variants

Adaptations To
Environment
The Axolotl has adapted to its
environment in many ways.
Axolotls that spend most time in
shallow waters use their
lungs to breath, but others
that stay in deep waters use
their gills.

Depending on the area they live


in, the have different skin
colors to match the
environment.

Physical Changes
The axolotl is considered quite unique, for it
stays in its larva state throughout its whole life
(a condition called neoteny.) Although axolotls
live primarily in water and breathe oxygen
through their gills and skin, they also develop
rudimentary internal lungs. Axolotls are primarily
dark and muddy to blend into its dark and murky
surroundings, but albino and white axolotls are
common as well.

Functional Changes
Axolotls can REGENERATE! Within a period of months, an axolotl can
regrow their limbs or other missing body parts, such as the spine or parts of
their brain. They adapted to the exponential decline of their species, so they
became regenerative to reduce the deaths of the axolotl species.

Behavioral Changes
The axolotl is emotionless most of the time but they are usually active in the early
morning to early evening.
If you have a pet axolotls that is kept in a group or two, they have to be fed
regularly since a starving axolotl will eat the limbs of another axolotl.
Axolotls must never be kept together with other animals such as small fishes
which would be eaten by the axolotl.

Behavioral Changes
The natural breed for an axolotl is in spring since the water temperature increases and
the lengthening of days.
Fertilisation occurs between a few hours to a few days.
The female axolotl is capable of releasing 400-1000 eggs during spawning.
The female axolotl is also capable of breeding several times and the egg of an axolotl
has visible feathery gills.

Behavioral Changes
After the female axolotl attaches her eggs onto a plant the hatching of the egg will occur
after 2 to 3 weeks and after the baby axolotl hatches the larger and more developed
axolotls eat the smaller ones.
The adaptation of the axolotl could have developed due to the fact that there was not
enough food for 400 to 1000 eggs, therefore only a small amount of baby axolotls can
survive.
The larger and more develop axolotls meals are the smaller and more undeveloped
axolotls.

Ancestors
The mole salamander is made up of 32 different species, including the
Axolotl.
Mole Salamanders get their name from their subterranean habits. They
are found living in small tunnels produced by mammals.
Axolotls were tied to the mole salamander by its neotenic life
history.
It was found that some mole salamanders do not mature and
stay in their larval form; like the axolotl.
The axolotls overall characteristics tied them each other too.

Family Tree
The highlighted
box is the
scientific name of
the axolotl:
Ambystoma
mexicanum

Mechanism Of Natural Selection


Natural Selection is where the species that have genes that cause
disadvantages die out and dont reproduce while the species that have genes
that benefit it live on and reproduce, passing down the good gene.
For example, there are two types of beetles on a green leaf. One is red and the
other is green. The red one is most likely to die out because it doesnt have the
gene that camouflages it. The green ones live on, reproduce, and pass down
the camouflaging gene.

Natural Selection (Axolotl)


Its teeth are pedicellate. With these it grips its food, maneuvering it
into position before swallowing it whole.
High immune system (Regeneration Ability) easily wounded/hurt.
Share body parts with other Axolotls (biologic similarities).

Future Structural Adaptations


More Defenses Against Predators
Adjusts to Breathing in Pollutants
Start to Walk on Land more to live in
different areas and escape predators

Future Functional Changes


Swim Faster to escape predators
and to catch more food.
Sees Farther to notice prey,
humans, and predators easier.
Thicker skin to protect themselves
against predators, outside forces
and pollutants.
Can Live on the Surface to expand

Future Behavioral Changes


Becomes More Hostile / Aggressive
Humans put more predators into their environment

More Resilient
Humans pollute area causing more deaths

Hides More
Humans and predators hunt and capture them.

Environmental Changes
Major environmental changes the Axolotl has faced are heavily polluted living
spaces and an environment with more aggressive and hostile creatures.
Humans have dumped pollutants and different fish that prey on the axolotl
into the axolotls environment.
This caused a huge decrease in the axolotl population, and it was all by
mans hand.

Humans Vs Axolotls
What were doing that hurts them:
Testing projects that include Axolotls.
Tearing them apart and putting them back together
Habitat has pollutants.
Dirty water/Sewage
Caught for food.
Fishes eat them (We put them there).
Buying them as pets off the internet.
Not taking good care of them

Why and What we Should do to Preserve Them?


Now wild Axolotl are protected.
Its forbidden to catch them.
Sold as pets to GOOD owners.
Make a wildlife reserve for them.
Enforce the laws.
Stop research.
Go green.

Work Cited
John P Clare. Axolotls. John P Clare. 2012. Web. 4 March 2016.
Konica Minolta. Konica Minolta Inc. 2016. Web. 4 March 2016.
Ambystoma mexicanum. (n.d.). BioWeb Home. 4 March, 2016.
Axolotl. (2010, June 20). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 5 March, 2016.
Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum). (n.d.). EDGE :: Amphibian Species Information.
7 March, 2016.
Mexican Axolotls or Mexican Walking Fish. Britni Osuldsen. Bioweb. 5 March, 2016.
Our Intellect. Brains. (n.d.) All Our Lives.

~The End~

This Concludes Our Presentation About The


DEADPOOL FISH