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Materials Engineer

1.In soil Engineering


the
term SOIL
includes
a . c l a y
b . g r a v e l c s a n d d.all of the preceding
2.The compressibilityofafinegrainedsoilis
h i g h
b . l o w c.it
depends upon the grain size
3.Sand
has
a
greater
load-carr ying
capacity
than
clay
a . t r u e
b . f a l s e c.it depends on gradationd.it
depends
on water content
4.The highest moisture content in the plastic consistency of fine-grained soil is
theliquid limit a . p l a s t i c l i m i t b . s h r i n k a g e l i m i t
5.Compaction increases the strength of soil by a . e x p e l l i n g a i r f r o m
i t s v o i d s b.forcing
soil particles
into more intimate
contactc . b o t h a a n d b
6.Indicates a range of moisture content over which soil is plastic a . p l a s t i c
l i m i t b.shrinkage limitc. pl a st i c it y i nd ex
7 . Wat e r c o n t e n t o f a n u n d i s t u r b e d s o i l i s c a l l e d a . o p t i m u m m o i s t u r e
c o n t e n t b.hygroscopic moisture contentc . n a t u r a l w a t e r c o n t e n t
8.In the performance of Moisture Density Relations Test, the equipment used is
a.liquid limit
d e v i c e b.sandcone apparatusc . r a m m e r a n d m o l d d . n o n e o f t h e a b o v e
9.Peat and muck are
a . f a i r s u b g r a d e s o i l s b . s t a b l e s o i l s c . u n s t a b l e s o i l s d.good
subgrade soils
10.The particle size distribution of a soil is determined by a . l i q u i d l i m i t
t e s t b.sieve analysis testc . p l a s t i c l i m i t t e s t d . a n y
of
the
preceding
11.To prevent intrustion of soft subgrade material into the aggregate base or subbase
a.reinforced
e a r t h b . r o c k b u t t r e s s c . g a b i o n s d.geotextile may be used
12.The
CBR
value
is
generally
selected
at
a . 0 . 1 0
b . 0 . 0 3 7 5 c . 0 . 0 5 d.0.20 penetration
13.One of the methods in improving the properties of a soil to make it suitable for a particular
purposeis
a.particle rearrangement b.sodding
or
spriggingc . p a v i n g d.none of the preceding
14.A sample of saturated clay has a mass of 102.8 g. After oven drying, the same soil
weighs 73.4 g. If the specific gravity is 2.74, its wet density, g/ml is
a . 1 . 8 2 9
b . 1 . 8 2 5 c . 1 . 8 2 7 d . 1 . 8 3 0
15.The
dry
density,
g/ml
is
a . 1 . 3 1 0
b . 1 . 3 0 6 c . 1 . 3 0 0 d . 1 . 3 0 9
16.Blown Asphalt are usually used for paving a . t r u e
b . f a l s e c.it
depends upon its ductility
17.A mixture of asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent is called
a.R. C. cutback
b.M. C.
cutback c.Asphalt
emulsion d.Oxidized asphalt

18.The a) Marshall Stability Test b) Immersion-Compression Test c) Job-Mix formula compares


thecompressive strength of dry and wet specimens of asphalt mixes.
19.The effective asphalt content is a) lower than b) higher than c) equal to the actual asphalt
content.
20.Which of the following percent air voids is most preferable in bituminous mixture
a . 0 %
b . 5 % c . 8 %
21.a) Viscocity b) solubility c) Flash point d) Extraction test determines the bitumen content
of asphaltcement
22.a) Distillation b) Penetration c) Viscocity d) Ductility is the consistency test on solid asphalt.
23. a) Tack coat b) Prime coat c) Seal coat is the bituminous coating applied to an
old concrete pavement to be used as base.
24. A
Job-mix
formula
provides
for
close control
of
a.asphalt
c o n t e n t b.aggregate gradationc . b o t h a a n d b
25.a) Flexibility b) Durability c) Stability d) Workability is the resistance of an asphalt pavement
against weathering.
26.The temperature of hot mixes being delivered should not be less than its
a . m i x i n g b . a p p l i c a t i o n c . h e a t i n g d.compaction
temperature
27.A
Bituminous
Seal
Coat
is
usually
applied
with
aggregatea . t r u e
b . f a l s e c.it
depends on the
surface
application
28. The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by weight of mix
is 2.6.If the specific gravity of an asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity of the aggregate is equal to
a . 2 . 6 5
b . 2 . 5 6 c . 2 . 7 6 d . 2 . 7 0
29.The weight in air of a core specimen taken from asphalt pavement is 4,128 g. If its SSD
weight is4,137 g. and its weight in water is 2,237 g. Therefore, its bulk density is
a . 2 . 4 2
b . 1 . 7 2 c . 2 . 2 8 d . 2 . 6 9
30.The bulk specific gravity of a sample of bituminous pavement taken from a newly rolled
section is2.244. If the laboratory compacted specific gravity is 2.362 and the
minimum compactionrequirement is 95%, the pavement is a . s a t i s f a c t o r i l y
rolled b. ov er co mp a ct e d c.in need of more rolling
31.Concrete specimen molded in a 6 x 6 x 21 beam mold should be
roddeda . 6 0
b . 6 1 c . 6 2
d . 6 3 t i m e s 32.Quality
determination of
concrete coarse
aggregate
sample
requiresa . a b r a s i o n
test b.sieve analysisc . s t a b i l i t y d . b o t h a a n d b
33.Concrete
fine
aggregate
should
be
tested
for
a . c o m p a c t i o n b . s t r i p p i n g c . s t a b i l i t y d.none of the pre
ceding
34.Admixtures
are
used
to a . i m p r o v e
workability b.increase
strengthc.retard initial settingd.all of the preceding
35.a) Compressive strength b) Flexural strength c) Bond d) All of the preceding will improve if
water cement ratio is lowered.

36.Angular
coarse
aggregate
morea . s a n d
b . w a t e r
c . b o t h
aggregate per unit volume of concrete.

will
require
a n d b d.coarse

37.Slump
test
could
be
used
to
detect a . i n c r e a s e
in cement
content b . i n c r e a s e i n w a t e r c . i n c r e a s e i n v o l u m e d.increase
in aggregate
38.Greatest net water is required in a concrete mix with a . v e r y
c o a r s e b . c o a r s e c . f i n e d.very fine, fine aggregate
39.If the concrete beam specimen is raptured during test outside the middle third, but within 5%
of thespan length, the formula to be used in computing the stress isa . R = P L / b d
2
b . R = 3 P a / b d
2
c . R = P l a / b d
2
40.Concrete mix should be in placia . 1 0 0

m i n

b . 9 0

m i n

c.15 min, after the cement is added into the aggregates and water.
41.The
fineness
modulus
is
highest
for a . c o a r s e
c o a r s e c . f i n e d.very fine, sand.
42.In
roddeda

molding
concrete
. 2 5
b .

43.Concrete
ina.1
b .

cylinder
6 c

specimen,
each
6 0
d . 1 0 0

cylinder
sample
c.3d . 4 e q u a l l a y e r s .

layer
should be
t i m e s .

should be

44.Maintaining
the water-cement
ratio,
containinga . 5 0 . 0
m m b . 3 7 . 5 m m c . 1 9 . 0
maximum size aggregate will develop the highest strength.

b.very

molded
the concrete
m m d.12.5 mm

45.Paving concrete will need less a . s a n d


b . w a t e r
a g g r e g a t e d.both a & b, than that of structural concrete.

c.coarse

46.The maximum percentage of abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse aggregate
isa . 4 0
b . 4 5 c . 5 0
47.For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if asphalt cement is used, the percentage based on
theweight
of
aggregate
should
bea . 3
t o
5 %
b . 5 t o 8 % c . 6
t o
1 0 %

48.An
requirea

aggregate
1 4

base
. 1 5

course of
21,600
c.72 quality tests.

m3

will

49.Coarse aggregate for Crushed Stone Aggregate Surface Course should have not less
thana . 4 0
b . 4 5 c . 5 0
d.60 with
at least
one fractured face
50.Crushed Gravel Base Course, Grading C, shall be compacted in layers of not more than
a . 1 0
c m
b . 1 5
c m c.20 cm loose thickness.
51.An embankment to be constructed to a height of 65 cm will have a minimum of
a.4
b . 5 c . 6 l a y e r s .
52.To give Bituminous Plant Mix Base Course greater to resistance to water
a .
t o
1 %
b . 1
t o
2 % c.2 3% hydrated lime should be added during mixing.
53.The
type
of
Bituminous
Macadam
Pavement
is
a.asphalt cement b.asphalt
emulsionc . r o c k a s p h a l t d . e i t h e r a o r b .
54.Prestressed Concrete Structures use concrete class a.A
b . B c.Cd.D
55.a) 5 b) 9 c) 3 pipes should be taken as sample to represent 225 reinforced concrete pipes.
56.Before placing the asphalt pavement, the gravel base course should be a . s e a l
c o a t e d b.tack coatedc.prime coated
57.Concrete used in reinforced concrete culvert pipe should generally have a compressive
strength
of
a
a.16.54 Mpa ( 2400) b.27.56 Mpa ( 4000)c.20.67 Mpa ( 3
000)d.34.45 Mpa ( 5000)
58.Concrete railings, pipes, and piles require the use of what class of concrete?
a.A
b . B c.Cd.D
59.Steel
bars
for concrete
reinforcement
is
tested
for
its
a . t e n s i l e b . c o m p r e s s i o n c . b e n d i n g d.both a and c for
properties.
60.Aggregate Base Course with a volume of 112,000m3 will have a minimum number
of a . 7 4
b . 7 5 c . 5 6
d.374 quality tests.
61.Which plasticity index is most suitable for aggregate base course?
a.5
b . 1 0 c . 1 5
d.50 The fraction passing the 0.425 mm (No.40)
shall have a liquid limit not greater than 25 and plasticity index not greater than 6.
62.The specified flexural strength for paving concrete isa . 3 5 0
b . 4 0 0
c . 5 2 5
d . 3 0 0
63.The sample of 12.5 mm diameter steel bar to be submitted for test should be at
leasta . 2 0
c m
b . 4 0
c m
c . 1 0 0
c m
d.none of the above
64. a) Third point loading b) Three-edge bearing test c) Mid-span loading
d) none of

the above
is themethod used in determining the strength of concrete pipes.
65 Prestressed concrete requires the use of Classa.A
b . B c.Cd.
D
Concrete
66.If an asphalt pavement will be constructed over an old existing concrete
pavementa . p r i m e c o a t
b.tack coat
c . s e a l c o a t d.mortar coat should be applied to the concrete pavement.
67.For bituminous concrete mixes, the asphalt material may either be asphalt cement or
asphaltemulsion
a . t r u e
b . f a l s e

68.Coarse Aggregate for Bituminous Macadam Pavement should be


a.crushed gravel or stone
b.natural gravelc . b o t h a a n d b d.none of the above
69/70. Tests for coarse aggregate include
a . a b r a s i o n
b.mortar strength
c.absorption
d.all of the preceding
71/72. Tests for fine aggregate for concrete include
a . g r a d a t i o n b.mortar strength
c . a b r a s i o n d.all of the preceding
73.Unless otherwise specified in the special provision, the type of portland cement used in
pavingconcrete shall be
a . T y p e
I
b . T y p e I I c . T y p e I I I d . T y p e
I V
74.During construction of a road project, if all the materials to be used are tested for quality,
inspectionis no longer requireda . t r u e
b . f a l s e
75.The degree of compaction of an embankment in our present Specifications is based
ona . C B R m e t h o d b . U n c o n f i n e d c o m p r e s s i o n t e s t
c . A A S H T O D e s i g n a t i o n T-1 8 0
d.Bulk Specific Gravity
76/77. Under Excavation for Structure, Item 106, the backfilling operation shall be done in

20 cm
looselayer and compacted to at least
95 Percent.
78.Soils are natural aggregates
cohesive forcesa . t r u e
b . f a l s e

of minerals

connected

by

strong and

permanent

79.The boundary between sand and gravel isa . 0 . 4 2 5 m m ( # 4 0 ) b . 4 . 7 5 0 m m


(#4)
c.2.00 mm (#10)
d.0.075 mm (#200)
8 0 . A
a) sandy clay
b) clayey sand c) sand clay d) none of the preceding is a soil which exhibits
the properties of a clay but contains an appreciable amount of sand.
81.Plasticity test is done on soils passing
a.0.425 mm (#40)
b . 2 . 0 0 m m ( # 1 0 ) c.0.075 mm (#200) sieve.
82.
a) Soil compaction
b) mechanical analysis c) In-place unit weight d) CBR is the process wherebysoil particles are
contained more closely together through a reduction in the air voids, generally bymechanical
means.
83.Soils containing more than 35% passing 0.075mm (#200) sieve are classified under
a.silt-clay materials
b.granular materials
c.it depends on the plasticity index
84.a) Surface drainage b) chemical admixtures c) compaction
d) subsoil drainage
is provided for the purpose of counteracting moisture movement within the structure
either by seepage or capillaryaction.
85.A subgrade soil with a CBR value of a) 5% b) 15% c) 30%
d) 3%
will require a thicker layer of subbase and base course.
86.
a) Particle arrangement
b) sodding or sprigging c) paving d) flattening is one of the methods of stabilizing inferior soils.

87.The
physical
and engineering
properties
bya . c o m p a c t i o n b . s t a b i l i z a t i o n
c . b o t h a a n d b
d.neither a nor b.

of

soils

may

be

improved

88.Water content of soils is generally based on thea . t o t a l w e i g h t o f s o i l b . t o t a l


volume of soil
c.weight of solids
d.none of the preceding
89.The
density
to which
a
soil
can
be
toa . c o m p a c t i v e e f f o r t s b . w a t e r c o n t e n t
c . b o t h a a n d b
d.none of the preceding

compacted

90.Disturbed
samples
may
be
for a . s i e v e t e s t b . l i q u i d l i m i t c . c o m p a c t i o n t e s t
d.any of the preceding

is

related

used

91.A soil with a Group Index of 5 is stronger than another with a Group Index of 10
a . t r u e
b . f a l s e c.it depends on the water content
92. a) Water content b) void ratio
c) degree of saturation
d) porosity determines the relative amount of water in the voids.
93
a) Rock asphalt
b) Asphalt emulsion c) asphalt cement d) cutback asphalt is an asphalt formed by natural process
of evaporation.
94. Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates for bituminous
mixturesa . t r u e
b . f a l s e
c.it depends on the type of bituminous material
95. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is
thea . f l o w m e t e r
b.viscometer
c.penetrometer d.pycnometer
96.a) Solid
b) liquid
c) Blown d) hot asphalt is preferable for bituminous prime coat.
97.
a) Distillation

b) Extraction c) Penetration d) Solubility is the test used in determining amount of asphalt


cement in a liquid asphalt.
98.a) Asphalt cement b) cut-back asphalt
c) asphalt mixes
d) asphalt emulsion are usually tested for extraction.
99.Extraction test is the procedure used for separatinga . t h e a s p h a l t f r o m w a t e r i n
emulsified asphalt
b.asphalt from mineral aggregates
c . a s p h a l t f r o m k e r o s e n e s o l v e n t d.asphalt from gasoline solvent
100. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability test is the average of the
asphalt
contentof
the
Maximum
Stability,
Maximum
density
anda . M a x i m u m f l o w b . M a x i m u m a i r v o i d s
c.4% air voids
d . 4 % f l o w
101. a) VMA b) Air voids c) Permeable voids are intergranular void spaces between aggregate
particles.
102. The main difference between a bulk measured specific gravity of a
bituminous
mixtures
and
i t s maximum
measured
specific
gravity
is
thea . w e i g h t o f t h e v o i d s b . w e i g h t o f t h e a s p h a l t
c.volume of the voids
d.volume of the aggregates
103.
a) Asphalt cement
b) emulsified asphalt c) Rapid curing d) medium curing cut-back is the best type of
asphalt to be used for hot mixes.
104.A bituminous coating applied in an existing road prior to laying of a bituminous
surface overlay isa. prime coat
b tack coat
d . s e a l c o a t
105.The distance traveled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared
s a m p l e o f a s p h a l t u n d e r conditions for normal penetration is 8.6 mm. The material
isa . 4 0

5 0
b . 8 5 1 0 0
c . 1 2 0 1 5 0 d.200 300 penetration grade
106.The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by
weight of mix is 2.5.if the specific gravity of the asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity of the
aggregate is equal toa . 2 . 6 5
b . 2 . 5 6

c . 2 . 7 6
d . 2 . 7 0
107.A job-mix formula provides
gradation b.asphalt content
c.both of them
d.neither of them

for

108.The
desired
property
isa . s t r e n g t h b . d u r a b i l i t y
c.workability
d.water tightness

close

control

of

of a . a g g r e g a t e

fresh

concrete

109.The sieve used in the separation of aggregates after the abrasion test is
a.1.70mm ( No. 12 )
b.0.425mm ( No. 40 )c.4.75mm ( No. 4 )d.0.075mm
200 )

( No.

110. Normally, concrete mix with


a) 0.75
b) 0.35 c) 0.50 d) 0.45 water-cement ratio will develop thelowest strength.
111. The
most
important single factor which
affects the
q u a l i t y o f c o n c r e t e i s a . c e m e n t c o n t e n t b.aggregate gradation
c.water-cement ratio
d.aggregate quality
1 1 2 . P a v i n g c o n c r e t e w i l l n e e d
n d
b . w a t e r
c . c o a r s e a g g r e g a t e d.
both a and b
than that of structure concrete.

l e s s a . s a

113.Concrete specimen molded in a 6x6x21


beam should be roddeda . 6 0
b . 6 1 c
d . 6 3

114. Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate


sample requiresa . a b r a s i o n
test b.sieve
analysisc . s t a b i l i t y
d.both a and b
1 1 5 . C o n c r e t e m i x s h o u l d
i n u t e
b . 1 2 0 c . 1 5
d.
90
after the cement is added into the aggregate and water.

b e

i n

p l a c e a . 1 0 0

116. Concrete beam


molded in
a.2 equal layers
b.3 equal layersc.4

specimens

for paving concrete are

e q u a l l a y e r s d.any of the preceding

1 1 7 .
A m i n i m u m
c e m e n t
f a c t o r
o f
a . 7 .
5
b . 8 . 5
c . 9 . 5 d.10.0 bags/cubic meter of concrete is required for paving concrete
(Based on the 94 lbs. Bag of cement)
1 1 8 .
T h e
v o l u m e
o f
t h e
a . c o n c r e t e
b . c e m e n t c . a i r
d.all of the preceding can be calculated by
performing the unit weight test on the fresh concrete.
119. The
used of manufactured fine aggregate
will generally require more
a.mixing water
b.fine aggregatec.coarse aggregate d . b o t h a a n d b .
120. The two (2) major components of concrete
a.paste and mineral aggregates
b . c e m e n t a n d w a t e r c.water and coarse aggregates

1
2
6
a
)
Rock asphalt
b) asphalt emulsion c) Asphalt cement d) Cut-back asphalt is anasphalt
natural process of evaporation.
127.Uncrushed aggregates
are preferable
for bituminous mixturesa . t r u e
b . f a l s e
c.it depends on the type of bituminous material.

formed

are

by

than crushed aggregates

128.The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is


thea . f l o w m e t e r
b.viscometer
c.penetrometer d.pycnometer
129. a) Solid

b) liquid
c) blown d) hot asphalt is preferable for bituminous prime coat.
130.
a) Distillation
b) Extraction c) Penetration d) solubility is the test used in determining the amount of asphalt
cement in a liquid asphalt.
1 3 1 . a ) A s p h a l t c e m e n t b )
a s p h a l t
c)Asphalt mixes
d) Asphalt emulsion areusually tested for extraction.

C u t - b a c k

132.Extraction test is the procedure used for separating a . t h e a s p h a l t f r o m w a t e r


in emulsified asphalt
b.asphalt from mineral aggregates
c . a s p h a l t f r o m g a s o l i n e s o l v e n t d.asphalt from kerosene solvent.
1 3 3 . a ) D i s t i l l a t i o n b ) Vis c o s i t y
c) Flash point
d) Softening point indicated the safe workingtemperature of the asphalt.
134.The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability Test is the
average of the asphaltcontent of the Maximum stability, maximum density
anda . m a x i m u m f l o w b . m a x i m u m a i r v o i d s
c.4% air voids
d . 4 5 f l o w
135.
a) VMA
b) Air voids c) Permeable voids are intergranular void spaces between aggregate particles.
136. a) Asphalt cement b) Emulsified asphalt c) rapid curing cut-back d) medium
curing cut- back is the best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes.
137.The field density of a bituminous pavement shall not
thana . 9 2
%
b . 9 5
%
c.98 % of the specific gravity of the laboratory compacted specimen.

be

less

138.For ITEM 311 PCC pavement, coarse aggregate shall have a mass percent of
wear not excedinga . 5 0
%
b . 4 0
%
c . 4 5
% d . 6 0 % w h e n t e s t e d b y A A S H T O T- 9 6 .

139.Plasticity
Index
for
Aggregate
Surface
greater than 6 b.not greater than 25
c . 4
t o
9
d . 1 2 .

Course

is a . n o t

140.At least one (1) set of 3 concrete cylinder samples shall be taken
froma . 5 0
b . 7 5
c . 1 0 0 d.150 cubic meter of each class of
concrete
or fraction
thereof, placed each day.
141.Fine aggregates used in concrete pavement shall contain
thana . 1 . 5
b.3
c.4d.1 percent of material passing the 0.075mm sieve by washing.

not

more

142.The
degree
of
compaction
required
for
embankment
is
leasta . 1 0 0
b . 9 0
c . 9 5
d.85 percent of the maximum density as determined by AASHTO T-90 Method.
143.Requirement of PCCP Construction
a.opening to traffic after 14 days the concrete was placed
b.opening to traffic after 28 days the concrete was placed c . a
strength of 25.08 Mpa or more d . n o n e o f t h e a b o v e .

at

compressive

144.Roadway embankment in earth material shall be placed and compacted


i n h o r i z o n t a l l a y e r s n o t excedinga . 1 5 0
m m
b . 2 0 0
m m
c . 1 0 0
m m d.250 mm loose requirement, before the next layer is placed.
145.Steel
bars
for
concrete
reinforced
itsa . t e n s i l e b . c o m p r e s s i v e c . y i e l d
d.both a and c.
146.To give Bituminous Concrete Surface Course
water a . 2
3
%
b . 1 - 2 %
c .
1
%
d . 4 5 % h yd r a t e d l i m e s h o u l d b e a d d e d .

is tested

greater

resistance

for

to

147.In Aggregate Subbase Course, the degree of compaction of each layer shall
continue until a fielddensity of at least
a . 1 0 0
b . 9 5 c.90 percent of the maximum dry density determined
i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h A A S H T O T - 1 8 0 , Method D has been attained.

148.The maximum percentage wear allowed for Aggregate Subbase Course in a


coarse portion retainedon a 2.00mm (No. 10) sieve isa . 4 5
b . 5 0
c . 4 0
d.55 percent
by Los Angeles
Abrasion Test determined
by
AASHTO T-96.
149.In manufacture of culvert pipes, the class of concrete used is
a . C l a s s C
b . C l a s s B c . C l a s s A d . C l a s s P
150.For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if Asphalt cement is used, the
percentage based on theweight of aggregate should bea . 3
t o
5
%
b . 5
t o
8
% c . 6
t o
1 0
% d . 4 . 5 t o 8 %