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Gender and Environment

Presented by Atiya javed shaikh.

2 Overview  Gender and sex disaggregation of economic and social statistics is reasonably welldeveloped  This disaggregation is accepted as an essential view in understanding the data. differences in the lives of men and women. and in economic and social policy formulation  Gender disaggregation of environmental data may in time become just as important .

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.4 Need for environment gender view  The behaviours and consumption of people are a primary cause of environmental damage  The decisions and behaviours of women and men may have different impacts on the environment  Men and women may respond differently to policies addressing environmental concerns through modifying their behaviour and consumption.

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6 Example statistical areas of interest  2009 Eurobarometer attitudes to climate change survey  Personal consumption  Transport  Recycling  Energy use  Decision-making in industries using raw materials .

7 2009 Eurobarometer Survey  A survey of Europeans’ attitudes towards most serious problems facing our world today  Climate change was ranked as the second most serious problem by both men and women  Survey looked at recycling. renewable energy  Survey identified differences in the attitudes and behaviours of men and women . air transport. car related activities. energy and water consumption in the home. buying local produce to reduce transportation requirement.

8 Eurobarometer continued    Women were generally more responsive to changing their behaviours towards more environmentally friendly practices e. who were taking personal action.g. reduced home water consumption compared with 51% of the men who were taking personal action Survey showed that it was possible to identify and collect people-oriented environmental indicators . 58% of women.

9 Personal consumption    Is there a significant difference in the impact on the environment in the quantity and type of goods consumed by men and women? Would require environment effect factors at detailed product level (reflecting raw material composition of products and usage effect on the environment) Could household purchase surveys be adapted to collect some basic data on personal consumption and green influences on which products to purchase ? .

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vehicle size and ownership. would be very useful  Data on travel/journey purposes from time use surveys may also be useful e. purpose of journeys. fuel consumption.g. to bring children to school .11 Transport  Data from the 2006 Census of Population in Ireland showed that women are more likely to drive to work  Men hold more than half of full driving licences in Ireland  A detailed travel survey analysing mode of travel. whether other passengers were carried etc.

cans.12 Recycling and energy conservation  Labour force survey module in Ireland in 2005 on Recycling and Energy Conservation  Women had higher rates of recycling products such as paper. plastic and clothing Recycling data suggested that behaviours of men who lived alone were worse than if women also lived in the household => more consistent behaviour of women   There were smaller differences between men and women in relation to energy conservation measures with women more likely to be pro-active .

13 Going Forward  Discussions needed regarding whether gender and people dimensions should be mainstreamed into environmental statistics  Would require adding some new people related environment indicators into existing international sets  May require making changes to existing survey methodologies .

14 THANK YOU!!! .