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APPLICATION OF STEAM TURBINES SIMULATION MODELS IN


POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS
C.S.Bresolin, ABSTRACT
P.S. Schneider, The goal of this work is to simulate partial load operation of steam turbines in
H.A. Vielmo different controlling modes. An isentropic efficiency function is associated to a
specific steam turbine. The Schegliiev and the Stodola's Ellipse Law, relating

and F.H.R.Frana levels of pressure with mass flow, are compared. The proposed operational modes
are: a) sliding pressure; b) throttling valve; c) nozzle valve. As a conclusion,
Schegliiev and Stodola's models leads to very similar results and the operational
modes by valves establishes theoretical limits of operation for steam turbines. The
sliding pressure control is more efficient considering design operation.
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Departamento de Engenharia Mecnica
Rua Sarmento Leite, 425.

Keywords: steam turbines, partial loads, isentropic efficiency, Stodola's Ellipse


Law, nozzle analogy

90050-170 Porto Alegre RS.


cirilobresolin@hotmail.com
pss@mecanica.ufrgs.com.br
vielmoh@mecanica.ufrgs.br
frfranca@mecanica.ufrgs.br

m&

W&

1
2
D
i

W&
n

W& = hi m& i (h1i - h2 si )

(1)

i =1

m& i
Engenharia Trmica (Thermal Engineering), Vol. 5 - N 01 - July 2006

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Bresolin et al. Application of Steam Turbines ...

m&
=
m& D
h=

h1 - h2
h1 - h2 s

(P

)
)

- P22 - s (P1 - P2 )
T1D
2
2
2
P1D - P2 D - s (P1D - P2 D ) T1

2
1

(3)

(2)

e
s= *
1- e*

2 k +1
e* =

k +1

(4)

s (P1D - P2 D )

s (P1 - P2 )

m&
P
= 1
m& D P1D

T1D
T1

(5)

m&
Pv

f=

(6)

B
fi 1 - i
Pi

m&
Engenharia Trmica (Thermal Engineering), Vol. 5 - N 01 - July 2006

B
fi
= 1 - i
fid
Pi

B
1 - iD
PiD

(7)

(8)
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Bresolin et al. Application of Steam Turbines ...

Algebraically rearranging this equation in regard to


P,

Bi

Pi =

(9)

1 - fi2YiD

)(

YiD = PiD2 - BiD2 / PiD2 fiD

h=

(10)

W& = h m& [h1 (P1 , T1 )- h2 (P2 , T2 )]

(11)

m& = f (P1 ,T1 )

(12)

h = f (m& )

(13)

h1 (P1 , T1 )- h2 (P2 , T2 )
h1 (P1 , T1 )- h2 s (P2 , s1 )

s1 = f ( P1 , T1 )

(14)

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