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jktLFkku v/;;u Hkkx&3

72

v/;k;&5
jktLFkku ds tkZ lalk/kku
tkZ lalk/ku vFkok tkZ dh vkiwfrZ orZeku
;qx dh kFkfed vko;drk gS D;ksafd tkZ dh
miyC/krk gh vkfFkZd fodkl dks fu;fU=r ,oa fu/kkZfjr
djrh gSA orZeku esa m|ksx] ifjogu] f"k ls ysdj ?kjsyw
dk;ksZa vkfn lHkh f;kvksa esa tkZ dh vko;drk gksrh
gS] D;ksafd orZeku ;qx ekhuh ;qx gS vkSj ekhuksa dks
pykus gsrq tkZ dh vko;drk gksrh gSA tkZ L=ksrksa
dks nks Hkkxksa esa foHk fd;k tkrk gS&
1
ijEijkxr tkZ L=ksr tSls dks;yk
FkeZy ikoj [kfut rsy isVksfy;e] ty fo|qr ,oa
v.kq 'kfDrA
2
xS j &ijEijkxr vFkok tkZ ds
oSdfYid L=ksr tSls lkSj tkZ] iou tkZ] Tokjh;
tkZ] ck;ks xSl vkfnA
jktLFkku esa mi;qZDr nksuksa dkj ds tkZ L=ksr
miyC/k gSA jkT; esa foxr nkdksa esa tkZ lalk/kuksa ds
fodkl esa xfr dh gS vkSj orZeku ljdkj Hkh tkZ
mRiknu o`f) ij vR;f/kd /;ku ns jgh gSA jktLFkku ds
ijEijkxr vkSj xSj&ijEijkxr tkZ lalk/kuksa dk laf{kIr
fooj.k }kjk jkT; ds tkZ lalk/kuksa ds orZeku Lo:i
,oa fodkl dh fnkk dks Li"V fd;k tk ldrk gSA

dks;yk
tkZ ds kFkfed vkSj kjfEHkd L=ksrksa esa dks;yk
eq[k gS] ftldk mi;ksx kphu dky ls fd;k tkrk
jgk gSA orZeku esa dks;yk dk mi;ksx rkih; tkZ
(Thermal Power) mRikfnr djus esa fd;k tkrk gSA
jktLFkku jkT; dks;yk kfIr dh n`f"V ls fu/kZu gS vkSj
;gk dsoy fyXukbV dkj dk dks;yk kIr gksrk gSA
bls Hkwjk dks;yk Hkh dgk tkrk gSA blesa dkcZu dh ek=k

45 ls 55 frkr rd gksrh gS vkSj ;g /kqvka vf/kd nsrk


gS] vr% bldk vkS|ksfxd mi;ksx ugha gksrkA
jktLFkku esa fyXukbV dks;yk chdkusj ftys ds
iykuk {ks= esa izkIr gksrk gSA iykuk ds vfrfjDr [kkjh]
pkUusjh] xaxk ljksoj] eqa/k] cjflaxlj vkfn esa Hkh dks;yk
feyrk gSA chdkusj {ks= esa yxHkx 56]000 Vu dks;yk
fro"kZ fudkyk tkrk gSA iykuk {ks= esa VkZjh dks;yk
teko gS rFkk ;gk vkslru 6 ehVj eksVkbZ dh dks;yk
ijrs gSaA ;gk dks;yk [kuu dwid 'kks/ku (Sinking
Shaft) fof/k ls fudkyk tkrk gS] rRipkr bldk 'kkS/ku
dj rkih; fo|qr x`gksa vkfn esa mi;ksx gsrq Hkstk tkrk
gSA ,d vuqeku ds vuqlkj iykuk {ks= esa yxHkx nks
djksM+ Vu dks;ys ds lqjf{kr Hk.Mkj dk vuqeku gSA
HkwxfHkZd losZ{k.kksa }kjk chdkusj ds vfrfjDr ukxkSj vkSj
ckM+esj ftyksa esa Hkh fyXukbV ds Hk.Mkjksa dk irk pyk
gSA

rkih; fo|qr
dks;ys }kjk mRikfnr fo|qr rkih; fo|qr (Thermal Power) dgykrh gSA blds fy;s mke dksfV ds
dks;ys dh vko;drk gksrh gS tks jktLFkku esa miyC/k
ugha gSA vr% vU; jkT;ksa ls eaxkuk iM+rk gSA jktLFkku
jkT; esa rkih; fo|qr mRiknu ij i;kZIr /;ku fn;k tk
jgk gS vkSj orZeku esa dksVk lqij FkeZy] lwjrx<+ rki
ifj;kstuk vkSj NcM+k FkeZy ls rkih; fo|qr dk mRiknu
gks jgk gS vkSj vU; dqN ;kstuk;sa fuekZ.kk/khu gSA
dksVk lqij FkeZy fo|qr ifj;kstuk dk kjEHk
1978 esa kjEHk fd;k x;kA blds Fke pj.k dh bdkbZ
esa tuojh] 1983 vkSj f}rh; pj.k dh bdkbZ us tqykbZ]
1983 esa fo|qr mRiknu kjEHk gqvkA bldh mRiknu

73

{kerk vkSj bdkbZ;ksa dh {kerk esa fed :i ls o`f) dh


tk jgh gSA vxLr] 2009 esa bldh lkroha bdkbZ ls
mRiknu kjEHk gks x;kA orZeku esa dksVk FkeZy jkT; dks
630 esxkokV fo|qr nku dj jgk gS] blesa vksj vf/kd
o`f) dh lEHkkouk gSA
lwjrx<+ rki fo|qr ifj;kstuk jktLFkku dh
eq[k fo|qr ifj;kstuk gSA bls xaxkuxj ftys ds lwjrx<+
esa LFkkfir fd;k x;k gSA ;gk orZeku esa 6 bdkbZ;k
fo|qr mRiknu dj jgh gS] buesa R;sd dh {kerk 250
esxkokV gSA
NcM+k rki fo|qr ifj;kstuk& ckjka ftys ds NcM+k dLcs
esa rkih; fo|qr ifj;kstuk dh Fke bdkbZ ls flrEcj]
2009 esa fo|qr mRiknu kjEHk gks x;kA bldh f}rh;
bdkbZ ls Hkh fo|qr mRiknu kjEHk gks pqdk gSA
lriqM+k fo|qrx`g ls Hkh jktLFkku dks fo|qr kIr gksrh
gSA ;g xqtjkr] e/; nsk vkSj jktLFkku dk lEefyr
rki fo|qrx`g gSA blls jktLFkku dks 125 esxkokV
fo|qr kIr gksrh gSA
rkih; fo|qr mRiknu ds fr jkT; ljdkj
lpsr gSA bl fnkk esa fd;s tk jgs foks"k ;Ru gSa&
chdkusj ds iykuk {ks= esa 60 esxkokV {kerk dk
rki fo|qr x`g LFkkfir djukA
chdkusj ds gh cjflaxiqj esa 420 esxkokV {kerk
dh nks bdkbZ;ksa dks LFkkfir djus dk dk;Z
usosyh fyXykbV }kjk lEiUu fd;k tkuk gSA
/kkSyiqj esa FkeZy xSl ikoj kstDV dk dk;Z
xfr ij gSA
lwjrx<+ vkSj NcM+k rki fo|qr x`gksa dks ^lqij
ffVdy* cukus dh ?kks"k.kk dh xbZ gS] ftlls
budh {kerk nqxuh gks tk;xhA
cklokM+k esa ,d lqij ffVdy Js.kh dk rki
fo|qr mRiknu dsUnz dk fuekZ.k Lrkfor gSA
>kykokM+ esa dkyhfla/k unh ij Ng&Ng lkS
esxkokV dh nks bdkbZ;ksa dk dk;Z xfr ij gSA

jktLFkku v/;;u Hkkx&3

[kfut rsy@iSVksfy;e ,oa kfrd xSl


[kfut rsy vFkok iSVksfy;e gkbMksdkcZu dk
;kSfxd gS tks volknh 'kSyksa esa fofk"V LFkkuksa ij ik;k
tkrk gS rFkk kfrd xSl ds lkFk fudyrk gSA jktLFkku
ds HkwxkfHkZd ,oa pqEcdh; losZ{k.k ls ;g rF; Li"V gq,
fd ifpeh jktLFkku {ks= esa [kfut rsy vkSj xSl ds
Hk.Mkj gks ldrs gSaA blh vk/kkj ij ;gk iSVksfy;e dh
[kkst dk dk;Z vkjEHk gqvkA rsy vkSj kfrd xSl
vk;ksx us sUp foks"kKksa dh ns[kjs[k esa tSlyesj esa
Hkkjrh Vhck ij [kqnkbZ dk dk;Z kjEHk fd;kA loZFke
1996 esa tSlyesj ds mkj&ifpe esa efugkjh Vhck ds
ikl ^deyh rky* esa xSl fudyhA
tSlyesj ds vusd {ks=ksa esa rFkk ckM+esj&lkapksj
csflu esa ds;uZ dEiuh 'kSy vkSj rsy rFkk kfrd xSl
vk;ksx ds la;qDr ;klksa ls ckM+esj ds ck;rw {ks= esa rsy
Hk.Mkj dks [kkst fudkykA blh ds lkFk jktLFkku esa
iSVksfy;e ds Hk.Mkjksa ls dPpk [kfut rsy fudykus dk
jkLrk [kqy x;kA vdsys ck;rw dq,a ls frfnu ipkl
gtkj cSjy dPpk rsy kIr fd;k tk ldrk gSA
bl dkj jktLFkku] xqtjkr vkSj vle ds
ipkr~ iSVksfy;e mRiknu djus okyk rhljk jkT; cu
x;k gSA ck;rw ds vfrfjDr uxj] dkslyw] xq<+k] ckM+esj
fgy] Qrgx<+ esa Hkh rsy ds Hk.Mkjksa dk irk yxk;k x;k
gSA dEiuh dk vuqeku gS fd ck;rw&dokl Cykd esa 45
djksM+ ls 110 djksM+ cSjy rsy dk Hk.Mkj gSA blh dkj
xq<+k eykuh {ks= esa mPp xq.kokk okyk rsy dk Hk.Mkj
feyk gSA foks"kKksa dk dguk gS fd cksEcs gkbZ vkSj
xksnkojh csflu ds ipkr~ bl {ks= esa nsk dk lcls cM+k
rsy dk Hk.Mkj gks ldrk gSA ;gk u dsoy rsy vfirq
kfrd xSl dk viwoZ Hk.Mkj gSA
orZeku esa ;gk ds;uZ dEiuh rFkk Hkkjr dh
vks-,u-th-lh- us iSVksfy;e fudkyus dk dk;Z kjEHk dj
fn;k gSA 29 vxLr] 2009 dks /kkuea=h us eaxyk kslfs lax
VfeZuy jk"V dks lefiZr fd;kA blh ds lkFk ;gk rsy

jktLFkku v/;;u Hkkx&3


mRiknu dk dk;Z kjEHk gks x;kA ;gk mRikfnr rsy dks
xqtjkr esa ys tkdj 'kks/ku fd;k tk jgkA ;|fi rsy
'kkS/kd la;U= fjQk;ujh jktLFkku esa yxkus ds ;Ru
Hkh fd;s tk jgs gSaA

xSl vk/kkfjr fo|qr ifj;kstuk


jktLFkku esa xSl ij vk/kkfjr fo|qr ifj;kstuk
ds vUrxZr vUrk fo|qr ifj;kstuk kjEHk dh xbZA
ckjka ftys esa vUrk uked dLcs esa xSl vk/kkfjr fctyh?kj
dh Fke bdkbZ dk kjEHk 21 tuojh] 1989 dks fd;k
x;kA bl bdkbZ ls 88 esxkokV fctyh mRikfnr gksrh gS]
;|fi bldh dqy {kerk 413 esxkokV gSA
blh dkj cksEcs gkbZ xSl ij vk/kkfjr nks la;U=
dh LFkkiuk dh ;kstuk lokbZ ek/kksiqj vkSj cklokM+k esa
gSA buesa R;sd dh {kerk 400 esxkokV gksxhA dsUnzh;
ljdkj us bu ;kstukvkas dh Lohfr ns nh gSA

ty fo|qr
ty fo|qr orZeku esa jktLFkku dk eq[k tkZ
dk L=ksr gSA ;|fi jkT; dh kfrd ifjfLFkfr;k
tyfo|qr mRiknu ds fy;s mi;qDr ugha gS fQj Hkh jkT;
esa fo|qr vkiwfrZ dk yxHkx pkyhl frkr ty fo|qr
ls gh kIr gksrk gSA jktLFkku esa tgk jkT; dh ufn;ksa
ij cka/k cuk dj fo|qr mRikfnr dh tkrh gS ogha vU;
jkT;ksa ls Hkh fctyh kIr dh tkrh gSA
jkT; dh eq [ k ty fo|q r ifj;ks t uk;s a
fuEufyf[kr gS&
1pEcy ifj;kstuk& ;g jktLFkku vkSj e/;
nsk dh lkewfgd ;kstuk gSA blds vUrxZr fo|qr
xk/kh lkxj] jk.kk rki
mRiknu ds fy;s rhu ck/k&xk
lkxj vkSj tokgj lkxj cuk;s x;s gSaA ftu ij LFkkfir
fo|qr xzgksa ls ty fo|qr mRikfnr dh tkrh gSA xk/kh
lkxj ij 23 esxkokV ds pkj vkSj 27 esxkokV dk ,d
la;U= gSA jk.kk rki lkxj ij pkj la;U= gS] ftuesa ls
R;sd dh {kerk 43 esxkokV gSA blh dkj tokgj
lkxj ij 35 esxkokV {kerk dh rhu bdkbZ;k gSA

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2Hkk[kM+ k &uka x y ;ks t uk& ;g ia t kc es a


Hkk[kM+k&ukaxy ij LFkkfir ifj;kstuk gSA blls jktLFkku
ds xaxkuxj] guqekux<+] pw: rFkk chdkusj ftyksa dks
fo|qr nku dh tkrh gSA bl ;kstuk ls jktLFkku dk
168-5 esxkokV fo|qr kIr gksrh gSA
3ekgh fo|qr ifj;kstuk& cklokM+k ftys esa
ekgh unh ij cuk, x, ck/k ij LFkkfir fo|qr x`gksa ls
fctyh mRikfnr dh tkrh gSA blds Fke vkSj f}rh;
bdkbZ ls jkT; dks 140 esxkokV fo|qr miyC/k gksrh gSA
4O;kl ifj;kstuk& ;g jktLFkku] iatkc vkSj
gfj;k.kk dh la;qDr ifj;kstuk gSA bl ifj;kstuk dh
pkj bdkbZ;k gSa ftudh R;sd dh {kerk 165 esxkokV
gSA jktLFkku dks bl ifj;kstuk ls 408 esxkokV fo|qr
kIr gksrh gSA
5bfUnjk xk/kh ugj ifj;kstuk& ;|fi ;g
ifj;kstuk ewyr% flapkbZ ifj;kstuk gS] fdUrq bl ij dbZ
ty fo|qr x`g LFkkfir fd, x, gS] ftuesa 22 gtkj
fdyksokV fo|qr mRikfnr gksrh gSA buesa iwaxy ij nks]
lwjrx<+ ij nks rFkk pkj.kokyh ;kstuk ij ,d fo|qr x`g
cuk;k gSA vuwix<+ 'kk[kk ij Hkh rhu feuh gkbMy IykUV
cuk;s tk jgs gSA buesa nks iw.kZ gks pqds gSA
mi;q Z D r fo|q r ;ks t ukvka s ds vfrfjDr
ueZnk&?kkVh ;kstuk ls jktLFkku dks 100 esxkokV
fo|qr kIr gksxh] ftldk mi;ksx fljksgh] tkykSj] ckM+ejs
ftyksa esa fd;k tk ldsxkA jkT; esa dqN vU; NksVh ty
fo|qr ;kstuk;sa Hkh fopkjk/khu gSA

ijek.kq tkZ
tkZ dh deh dks nwj djus gsrq Hkkjr esa ijek.kq
tkZ ds fodkl dks kjEHk fd;k x;kA blds fy;s loZFke
rkjkiqj esa ijek.kq dsUnz LFkkfir fd;k x;k vkSj nwljk dsUnz
^jktLFkku ijek.kq 'kfDr ifj;kstuk* ds :i esa kjEHk
fd;k x;kA bldh LFkkiuk jkorHkkVk uked LFkku ij
dh xbZ tks fpkkSMx
+ <+ ftys esa gSAa bl ifj;kstuk dk fuekZ.k
vkSj cU/k Hkkjrh;ksa }kjk rFkk fMtkbu vkSj kjfEHkd
bathfu;fjax dk;Z dukM+k oSKkfudksa }kjk fd;k x;kA

jktLFkku v/;;u Hkkx&3

75

jktLFkku ijek.kq 'kfDr ifj;kstuk Hkkjr dh


,slh igyh ifj;kstuk gS tks kfrd ;wjfs u;e] Hkkjh ty
,oa khru }kjk pkfyr gSA bl dsUnz ds leLr ijek.kq
midj.k] dahV ds cus foks"k xksykdkj fj,DVj Hkou esa
j[ks x;s gSa ftldk v)Z O;kl 42 ehVj gSA bldh igyh
bdkbZ 11 vxLr] 1972 dks kjEHk dh xbZ ftldh {kerk
400 esxkokV dh gSA orZeku esa bldh 6 bdkb;ksa ls fo|qr
mRiknu gks jgk gS rFkk 7 oha vkSj 8 oha bdkbZ dk fuekZ.k
dk;Z kjEHk fd;k tk jgk gSA

jktLFkku esa fo|qr mRiknu ,oa miHkksx


jktLFkku esa fo|qr mRiknu esa fujUrj o`f) gks
jgh gSA jkT; esa ty fo|qr rkih; fo|qr] xSl rFkk
ijek.kq fo|qr ls vkiwfrZ ds mijkUr Hkh [kir vf/kd gksus
ds dkj.k vU; jkT;ksa ls fctyh [kjhnh tkrh gSA jkT; esa
fofHkUu L=ksrksa ls fo|qr miyC/krk rkfydk 5-1 ls Li"V
gS&
rkfydk 5-1 & jktLFkku es a fofHkUu L=ks r ks a ls
fo|q r miyC/krk 2009&10
mRiknu dkj

dqy fo|qr mRiknu


nl yk[k fdyksokV esa

1-

2-

fo|qr mRiknu
v rkih;

20128-273

c ty fo|qr

2179-803

l xSl }kjk

328-479

vUrj jkT;h; ifj;kstukvksa


esa jktLFkku dk fgLlk
;dh xbZ fo|qr forj.k gsrq

21568-276

dqy miyC/k fo|qr

44204-831

L=ksr % LVsfVfLdy ,CLVsDV] jktLFkku&2011] i- 259


jktLFkku esa fo|qr miHkksx esa vR;f/kd o`f) gks
jgh gS D;ksafd f"k] m|ksx] O;kikfjd fr"Bku ,oa ?kjsyw
mi;ksx fujUrj vf/kd gksrk tk jgk gSA
jktLFkku ds fo|qr forj.k dh ,d vU; foks"krk
xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa fctyh nsuk gS vFkkZr~ xzkeh.k fo|qfrdj.k

ij i;kZIr /;ku fn;k tk jgk gSA miyC/k vkdM+ksa ds


vuqlkj jkT; ds 222 uxjksa ds vfrfjDr 39810 xzkeksa dks
fo|qr igqpkbZ xbZ gS vkSj fro"kZ blesa o`f) gks jgh gSA
bldk ms; xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa fo|qr igqpk dj d`f"k fodkl
dks vf/kd ykHk igqpkuk gSA

tkZ ds xSj&ijEijkxr vFkok oSdfYid


L=ks r
tkZ dh ekax esa fujUrj gks jgh o`f) vkSj mlds
vuqikr esa miyC/krk dk de gksuk vkt ,d fooO;kikh
leL;k gSA bl tkZ ladV dk ,d lek/kku xSj ijEijkxr
tkZ L=ksrksa vFkkZr~ lkSj tkZ] iou tkZ] Tokjh; tkZ]
Hkw&rkih; tkZ] ck;ks xSl vkfn dk fodkl dj tkZ
vkiwfrZ djrk gSA ;g blfy;s Hkh vko;d gS D;ksafd
ijEijkxr L=ksr tSls dks;yk] isVksfy;e] ijek.kq bZa/ku
lekIr gksus okys lalk/ku gS ftudh vkiwfrZ iqu% laHko ugha
gSA tc fd xSj&ijEijkxr L=ksr izd`fr ls ifjpkfyr gSa
ftudk mi;ksx fujUrj lEHko gSA budh ,d foks"krk
;g Hkh gS fd buls i;kZoj.k iznwf"kr ugha gksrkA
Hkkjr esa tkZ ladV dks n`f"Vxr j[krs gq,
xSj&ijEijkxr tkZ L=ksrksa ds fodkl ij /;ku fn;k tk
jgk gSA jktLFkku esa Hkh bl fnkk esa foks"k iz;Ru fd;s tk
jgs gSA blds fy;s jkT; ljdkj us ^jktLFkku tkZ
fodkl ,tsUlh^ (REDA) dk xBu 21 tuojh] 1985
esa fd;k ftldk ms; jkT; esa xSj&ijEijkxr tkZ
L=ksrksa dk lefUor fodkl djuk gSA
jktLFkku esa tkZ ds xSj ijEijkxr L=ksrksa ds
fodkl dh vR;f/kd lEHkkouk gS foks"kdj lkSj tkZ ,oa
iou tkZ dhA blds vfrfjDr ck;ks xSl dk mi;ksx Hkh
fd;k tk jgk gSA

lkSj tkZ
lkSj tkZ vFkkZr~ lw;Z ls izkIr tkZ] tkZ dk
,d vuojr L=ksr gSA jktLFkku esa lkSj tkZ dh vikj
lEHkkouk;sa gSa D;ksafd ;gk o"kZ Hkj vkdkk lkQ jgrk gS
vkSj lw;Z dk rki izkIr gksrk jgrk gSA lkSj tkZ dk
mi;ksx ?kjsyw dk;ksZ esa] d`f"k ,oa m|ksxksa esa fd;k tk

jktLFkku v/;;u Hkkx&3


ldrk gSA izdkk gsrq ykbVsa] dqavksa ls ikuh [khapus] d`f"k
ftUlks dks lq[kkus rFkk 'khr Hk.Mkj.k ds vfrfjDr [kkuk
cukus] rFkk ikuh xeZ djus vkfn esa bldk mi;ksx fd;k
tk ldrk gSA blh ds lkFk dqfVj m|ksx esa Hkh tkZ gsrq
bldk mi;ksx lEHko gSA
lkSj tkZ dk lh/kk mi;ksx ugha gksrk vfirq bl
laxzfgr djus gsrq ^lkSj laxzkgd* dk ;ksx fd;k tkrk
gSA tks/kiqj esa ,d 30 esxkokV lkSj rki 'kfDr mRiknd
i)fr dh kstsDV dks foo i;kZoj.k Q.M }kjk fodflr
rduhd ls yxk;k x;k ftldk ms; lkSj tkZ dh
mi;ksfxrk nfkZr djuk gSA lkSj tkZ ls dkk kIr
djus ds fy;s QksVksoksfYVd rduhd dk mi;ksx gksrk
gSA lkSj tkZ ls dkk ykbVksa ds lkFk tkZ ls pyus
okys iEi yxk;s tkrs gSaA jktLFkku esa vusd xzkeh.k {ks=ksa
lkSj ykbVsa yxkbZ tk pqdh gSa] blesa lhekorhZ {ks= Hkh
lEefyr gSA lkSj tkZ esa eq[; leL;k bldh vf/kd
ykxr gSA ;|fi bl ij ljdkj vuqnku nsrh gS fQj Hkh
ykxr vf/kd gksrh gSA jktLFkku esa lkSj tkZ fulUnsg
tkZ dk ,d ,slk L=ksr gS tks Hkfo"; esa tkZ dh deh
dks nwj djus esa lgk;d gksxkA

76

,uthZ fjlpZ bULVhV~;Vw ] fnYyh us jktLFkku esa iou tkZ


fodkl gsrq nh?kZdkfyu ;kstuk rS;kj dh gSA jkT; esa ekpZ]
2000 esa iou tkZ fo|qr mRiknu dh uhfr ?kksf"kr dh
xbZA bl uhfr ds rgr lkoZtfud ,oa futh {ks= esa iou
tkZ dh ek% 6 vkSj 8 ifj;kstukvksa esa fo|qr mRiknu
kjEHk gks x;k gSA
jkT; esa iou tkZ fodkl dh fuEu ;kstuk;sa
mYys[kuh; gS&
lkoZtfutd {ks= esa %
1

tSlyesj esa 2 esxkokV dh igyh iou tkZ


ifj;kstuk vxLr] 1999 esa jktLFkku LVsV ikoj
dkWjiksjsku us kjEHk dhA

fpkkSM+x<+ ftys esa nsox<+ xzke esa twu] 2000 esa


2-25 esxkokV iou tkZ ifj;kstuk kjEHk dh
xbZA

tkS/kiqj ftys ds QykSnh esa 2-10 esxkokV dh


iou tkZ ifj;kstuk dk kjEHk ekpZ] 2001 esa
fd;k x;kA

tSlyesj ds cM+kckx esa 4-9 esxkokV dk iou


tkZ la;U= yxk;k x;kA

tkS/kiqj ds eFkkfu;k xzke esa 140 esxkokV {kerk


dh ,dhr vkSj ph; ifj;kstuk LFkkfir dh
xbZA

iou tkZ
iou tkZ vFkkZr~ gokvksa }kjk tkZ kIr djuk
lkSj tkZ ds leku fr nk gS rFkk foo ds vusd
Hkkxksa esa vkSj vc Hkkjr esa Hkh bldk lQyrkiwoZd ;ksx
vusd LFkkuksa ij fd;k tk jgk gSA buesa jktLFkku Hkh ,d
jkT; gS tgk iou tkZ dk fodkl laHko gS rFkk bl
fnkk esa egRoiw.kZ dne Hkh mBk;s tk jgs gSA
iou tkZ kIr djus gsrq ^iou pDdh* (Wind
Mill) yxk dj bls ok;q ls ifjpfyr fd;k tkrk gS vkSj
mlls mRiUu 'kfDr dks ,d= dj tujsVj pykus] iEilsV
pykus] fo|qr O;oLFkk vkfn esa mi;ksx esa fy;k tkrk gSA
jktLFkku esa foks"kdj ifpeh jktLFkku esa bldk fodkl
lokZf/kd fd;k tk ldrk gS D;ksfa d ;gk ok;q dh xfr 20
ls 40 fdeh- gksrh gSA dsUnzh; ljdkj us bfUnjk xk/kh ugj
{ks= esa pkjs vkSj pjkxkg fodkl gsrq iou pfDd;ksa ls
tkZ kIr djus dk dk;Ze cuk;k gSA blh dkj VkVk

futh {ks= esa


jktLFkku esa futh {ks= esa iou tkZ ds fy;s xsy
dkykuh baMLVht fy-] bUnkSj us rFkk fokky xziq vgenkckn
}kjk iou tkZ la;= yxkdj fo|qr mRiknu fd;k tk
jgk gSA futh {ks= esa vU; ifj;kstukvksa dks LFkkfir djus
dh ;kstuk gSA

ck;ks xSl
ck;ks xSl ikqvksa dk xkscj] [ksfrgj vifk"V
vkfn ls rS;kj dh tkrh gSA blds fy;s ,d lk/kkj.k
la;= yxk;k tkrk gS mlesa ;s vifk"V Mky fn;s tkrs gS]
mlls tks xSl curh gS mldk mi;ksx ?kjsyw bZ/ku] ykbVsa
tykus vkfn rFkk 100 fdyksokV rd ds fo|qr midj.k

77

pykus esa fd;k tk ldrk gSA jktLFkku ds xzkeh.k vapyksa


esa tgk xkscj rFkk f"k vifk"V cgqrk;r ls gksrk gS ogk
;s la;= yxk;s tk jgs gSA jkT; esa ipkl gtkj ls Hkh vf/
kd ck;ksa xSl la;= yxk;s tk pqds gSA bl dk;Z esa dsUnz
ljdkj jk"Vh; ck;ksa xSl fodkl ;kstuk ds vUrxZr jkT;
ljdkj dks lgk;rk nsrh gSA

vU; L=ksr
mi;qZDr of.kZr oSdfYid L=ksrksa ds vfrfjDr
uxjh; ,oa f"k vifk"V ls tkZ kIr dh tk ldrh gSA
uxjksa esa frfnu fudyus okys dwM+k&djdV ls fo|qr
mRiknu gsrq ikyh vkSj ckyksrjk esa 25 esxkokV {kerk dh
ifj;kstuk yxkbZ xbZ gSA dksVk ds fudV f"k vifk"V
ls fo|qr mRiknu ;kstuk ds vfrfjDr vusd vU; Lrkoksa
ij dk;Z py jgk gSA
vUr esa ;g dg ldrs gS fd jktLFkku esa ;|fi
tkZ L=ksrksa dh deh gS] fdUrq tkZ ds mfpr mi;ksx
rFkk tkZ ds xSj&ijEijkxr L=ksrksa dk vf/kd ls vf/kd
mi;ksx dj bl deh dks nwj fd;k tk ldrk gSA

vH;klkFkZ u

oLrqfu"B iz'u
1jktLFkku esa ijek.kq tkZ dsUnz dgk fLFkr gS\
v lwjrx<+
c jkorHkkVk
l NcM+k
n cjflagiqj
2jktLFkku dk kfrd xSl ij vk/kkfjr fo|qrx`g
dgk gS\
v cjflaxiqj
c iykuk
l vUrk
n QykSnh
3buesa ls dkSu&lk rkih; fo|qr dsUnz ugha gS\
v dksVk
c jkorHkkVk
l lwjrx<+
n NcM+k
4iou tkZ ds fodkl dh mi;qDr nkk;sa jktLFkku
ds fdl {ks= esa lokZf/kd gS\
v ifpeh jktLFkku c iwohZ jktLFkku
l nf{k.kh jktLFkku n gkM+kSrh {ks=
5ckM+esj ftys ds fdl {ks= ls dPpk [kfut rsy
fudkyk tk jgk gSA

jktLFkku v/;;u Hkkx&3


v c;krw
c cksykskjk
l xq<k+ eykuh
n jkex<+
6jkT; esa xSj&ijEijkxr fdl tkZ L=ksr ds fodkl
dh lokZf/kd lEHkkouk gS\
v ck;ks xSl
c lkSj&tkZ
l iou tkZ
n Hkw&rkih; tkZ
vfry?kw mkjkRed
1jktLFkku esa rkih; fo|qr dsUnzksa ds LFkkuksa ds uke
fyf[k;sA
2ck;ksxSl tkZ fdlls kIr dh tkrh gS\
3jktLFkku esa iou tkZ dh lokZf/kd lEHkkouk
fdl {ks= esa gSa\
4pEcy unh ij dkSu ls ck/kksa ls fo|qr mRikfnr
gksrh gS\
5jktLFkku dk ijek.kq fo|qr dsUnz dgk fLFkr gSA
y?kw mkjkRed
1jktLFkku esa dks;yk mRiknu dgk gksrk gS\
2jktLFkku esa rkih; fo|qr mRiknu dk fooj.k
nhft;sA
3jktLFkku esa isVksfy;e dgk kIr gksrk gS\
4jktLFkku esa tkZ ds dkSu ls oSdfYid L=ksr gS
rFkk dgk mudk fodkl gks ldrk gS\
5jktLFkku fdu vUrj&jkT; fo|qr ifj;kstukvksa
ls fo|qr kIr djrk gS\
6jktLFkku esa xSl vk/kkfjr fo|qr ifj;kstuk dk
fooj.k nhft;sA
fucU/kkRed
1jktLFkku ds ijEijkxr tkZ L=ksrksa dk laf{kIr
fooj.k nhft;sA
2jktLFkku esa fo|qr mRiknu ds {ks= esa gks jgh
xfr dk fooj.k nhft;sA
3jktLFkku esa dks;yk vkSj isVksfy;e lalk/kuksa dk
o.kZu dhft;sA
4jktLFkku esa rkih; ,oa ijek.kq tkZ ds {ks= esa gqbZ
xfr dk fooj.k nhft;sA
5jktLFkku esa tkZ ds xSj ijEijkxr L=ksrksa ds
fodkl ,oa mudh laHkkoukvksa dk o.kZu dhft,A