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Tng hp cc Hng dn trng rau sch

ti nh
Trng rau sch ti nh ngy cng c cc gia nh sng cc
thnh ph ln a chung bi s n gin, tin li, d trng, d chm
sc v nhanh thu hoch. V c bit l cc k an tm khi s dng

Vy lm th no trng rau sch ti nh t kt qu cao


Ngy nay, vn v sinh an ton thc phm ni chung v vn
rau sch ni ring ang l mi lo ngi ca nhng ngi ni tr. Qu
nhiu ha cht, thuc tr su, phn bn, thuc tng trng khng r
ngun gc c s dng khin cht lng ba n gia nh b e da.

Chnh v th, rt nhiu gia nh sng cc thnh ph ln chn


cch t trng rau sch ti nh cung cp ngun rau c qu sch
cho gia nh.
Trng rau sch ti nh bng nhiu cch. Trng rau trong thng xp,
khay chuyn dng trng rau sch, trng ti vn nh, c th xy
k hoc gin trng rau.

Trong s , phng thc trng rau trong thng xp rt c a


chung bi s n gin, tin li, d trng, nhanh thu hoch. Thng
xp va d tm, r, trng lng nh m li c kh nng cch nhit
tt. Bn khng cn tn qu nhiu cng sc vn c th t c hiu
qu nh mong mun.
Bn cnh mnh tn dng c cc vt liu c trong nh nh thau
c, thng c
Hng dn trng rau sch ti nh
1. Chn ging rau sch
D bn trng rau sch trong thng xp, thy canh hay ti vn th
bc quan trng nht vn l chn ging rau sch m bn c nh
trng.
Hin nay trn th trng c rt nhiu ni bn ging rau sch. Tuy
nhin bn nn chn cng ty bn ht ging rau sch uy tn. m bo
hat ging sch, c t l ny mn cao.
Trong qua trnh kinh doanh rau sch ti nhn c nhiu cuc gi
in thoi ca khch hng xa nh chng ti t vn nhng cng ty
cung cp ht ging rau sch. Nhng ni m Vn Rau Lt chng
ti cha cung cp rau sch Lt c. Nu cc bn cn thng tin
v ht ging rau sch th ng ngn ngi lin lc vi chng ti.
Chng ti s nhit tnh t vn cho cc bn min ph .
2. Chn t trng rau sch
Khi bn chon c ging rau sch m t trng ca bn khng sch
th vic trng rau sch ca bn cng c khc g rau bn bn ngoi
ch.
D bn c trng vn nh bn th bn cng nn kim tra ngun
t. Ngun t trng rau sch c th ch cha mt lng nh kim
loi nng thi, khng c qu nhiu. Tuyt i t trng rau
sch khng c tn d ha cht c hi.

t trng rau sch nn chn t pha ct, t tht nh hoc trung


bnh thi.
3. a im trng rau sch
Vt dng cn thit nn c d trng u l cc dng c o xi,
lm c
Bn trng rau sch u?
Nu bn trng rau sch trong thng xp, khay nhaTh khng
qun khot l thot nc cho cc vt dng trng rau. K thng k
sao cho d thot nc nht.
Nu bn trng ti vn nh mnh chn ni trng rau sao cho vic
thot nc c d dng.
Bn cng th trng rau theo phng php Thy canh.
4. Bt u trng rau sch thi
Giai on chun b nh vy c th ni l tm n ri. Chng ta bt
tay vo trng rau sch thi. Nghe hao hc qu
Trng rau sch bng ht th chng ta nn ngm ht ging (c mt s
loi ht d ny mm th gieo trc tip lun khi cn ngm c k
hng dn s dng trc khi dng).
m bo ht ging rau c t l ny mm cao nht nn nh sau:
Bc 1: Cn phi ngm ht ging trong nc m theo t l 2 phn
nc si + 3 phn nc lnh t 2 6h (ht dy v ngm lu hn ht
c v mng).
Bc 2: Sau khi ngm vt ht ra li bng khn vi t 12 48h (ty
theo loi ht).
Bc 3: Khi thy ht mng nc v bt u nt v ht, ly ht ra
khi khn, sau ri u ht trn mt khay. Khi gieo ht nn trn t
du hi trnh cn trng tha. khng nn ht ra r qu di ri
mi em gieo trnh tnh trng t r non.
Cn vic gieo th no dy hay tha th cc bn c lm th ln ri rt
kinh nghim l tt nht. V ti c ni ra th cng rt kh c khi
nim dy hay tha.
Sau khi ht ny mm th chng ta tin hnh gieo ht, ph mt lp
t mng ln b mt, gi m cho ht pht trin tt

Trng rau sch bng nhnh, hay c th ch cn la ging tt l trng


thi. Ty theo mi loi rau m cch trng khc nhau.
5. Trng ri th tin hnh chm sc rau sch thi
Ti nc
Trong rau c qu th c n gn 90% l nc. Nn vic ti nc s
cnh hng trc tip n cht lng sn phm. Nn s dng ngun
nc sch ti
Cn kim tra, ti nc nh k cho cy, khng cho cy thiu
nc hoc qu ng nc.
Ty theo mi vng min, thi tit mi ni, mi loi rau m ti nc
cho ph hp
nh sng
Cy mun pht trin mnh nht thit phi a ra ni c nhiu nh
sng v nng. Tuy nhin cy cn non nn ni c nhiu sng
nhng khng trc tip di nh nng mt tri.
Bn cnh ngi trng cng cn lu , nng chiu khng tt bng
nng sng. Do , bui chiu nn cy nhng ni khng c
nhiu nng cn sng nn cho cy c n nng, gi t c
gi tr dinh dng tt nht.
Qua 5 bc nh trn l gia nh bn c rau sch s dng ri.
Theo ng k thut trn th rau sch nh bn trn c rau VietGap (
rau sch vietgap l g )

Cch trng rau sch bng k thut thy


canh
Thy canh l cch trng rau sch khng cn t m trng trc tip
vo dung dch dinh dng. Dinh dng thy canh c chun ho
theo tiu chun quc t khng nh hng n sc kho ngi tiu
dng.

Thy canh - phng php trng rau sch ti nh n gin gip ngi
dn thnh ph c th p dng, ng thi cng c coi nh mt
th tiu khin, v cng l cch th gin ca nhng ngi c cng
lm vic cao nh hin nay, c bit ph hp vi ngi ln tui,
ngi v hu v tr em.
U IM TRNG RAU THEO K THUT THY CANH
Khng phi lm t, khng c c di.
Trng c nhiu v, c th tri v, khng cn ti.
Khng phi s dng thuc tr su bnh, tr c di.
Nng sut cao hn t 25% n 50%.
Sn phm hon ton sch ng nht.

Ngi gi yu tr em c th tham gia c hiu qu.


Khng tch ly cht c, khng gy nhim mi trng.
IU KIN TRNG RAU THY CANH
Tn dng mt bng sn thng, ban cng hay khong sn trc
nh:
nh sng cho cy quang hp t nht 5-6 gi trong mt ngy.
Cn trnh nc ma dung dch dinh dng khng b pha long,
c th lm mi che bng ni lng trng.
Cn phun nc 2-3 ln vo bui tra nng gt i vi rau n l.
Cn trnh cho cy khi b nght th: Khng bao gi cho dung dch
ngp hon ton b r, cha phn na b r nm trn mt dung dch.
HNG DN CCH TRNG RAU THY CANH
Chun b vt liu, dng c
Hp xp (45 x 60 x 15 cm)
Cht dinh dng
R nha gieo ht
Ht rau (x lch, rau mung, ci xanh, ci ngt, hng qu...)
X da, tro tru
Bnh phun nc
Cc bc thc hin
Chun b hp xp: Hp xp c sn en bn trong hoc lt ni long
en ng dung dch.
Khoan l: Dng ng nc bng nha (c ng knh tng ng
ming r) c l trn np hp, s l ph thuc vo tng loi cy
trng: Rau mung, x lch, ci xanh, ... c th 24 l.
Chun b r gieo ht: Dng x da nhi di y r, nhi tro tru
bn trn, t r vo cc l c trn np hp.
Chun b hp xp, sn en; Khoang l trn np ht; Chun b ro
gieo ht
Gieo ht: 2-3 ht vo mi r su khong 1cm

Pha dung dch: Dinh dng c c ng trong chai, lc tht u


vo thng xp, thm lng nc theo hng dn, sau khuy
u. Mc nc cch ming thng t nht 2 cm.
Kt thc: t np hp c sn r nha gieo ht ln trn hp xp
cha dng dch dinh dng, sao cho y r nha ngp trong dung
dch t 1-2 cm.
Gieo 2 - 3 ht vo mi r; Pha dung dch dinh dng; t np hp
ln thng
Ch : Theo di mc nc trong hp xp, cn pha dinh dng thm
vo khi mc nc thp hn b r.

Cch trng rau sch trong thng xp


cc tin dng
Tn dng nhng thng xp b i cng vi cht cn c, chng my
chc bn s c mt vn rau sch mini ngay ti nh m khng phi
lo lng v cht lng v rau t trng lun sch v m bo.
Cch trng rau sch trong thng xp s l mt phng php trng
rau ti nh v cng tin dng bi chng c trng lng v cng nh,
d trng, d qun l v cht liu xp c kh nng cch nhit cho r
cy rt tt.
S dng nhng chic hp xp su lng cung cp nhiu khng
gian cho r cy pht trin mnh m. iu ny c bit quan trng
i vi cc loi rau xanh c kch thc to ln. Nu bn khng th tm
c mt chic hp su, ct b phn y ca mt chic hp v
chng n ln mt chic hp khc to ra su cn thit cho cy.
Bn cn chun b:
Hp xp
1 chic bay
t trng hu c
Phn hu c
Cy ging
Nc tonic to bin (Loi nc tng cng cht dinh dng cho cy
tng trng ton din)
Mn ca

Nc
Cc bc thc hin:
Bc 1: Chun b y dng c trc khi trng.
Bc 2: X l hp xp v t trng
- To 6 l nh thot nc phn y mi hp xp theo hai hng,
khong cch u nhau.
- y t trng hu c vo trong hp xp, nn chn mua loi t
c cht lng tt.

Bc 3: Trng rau
- Dng bay to nhng l nh trn b mt t ri t cy rau ging
vo.
- Lp t v nn nh.

Bc 4: Ph mt lp mn ca mng ln b mt t sau ti nc
cho cy.

Mt vi lu cn nh khi trng rau trong hp xp:


- Nng cao cc hp xp bng cch t chng ln nhng vin gch
h tr qu trnh thot nc. Chn v tr c nhiu nh nng mt
tri hoc nng vo bui sng, rm mt vo bui chiu t cc
hp trng rau.
- Nu bn c nhiu cy ging hn th trng thnh nhiu hp. Khng
nn trng qu nhiu cy cng mt lc trnh lng ph nu gia nh
bn khng s dng ht. Ngoi ra, cch ny gip bn lun lun c
n cc loi rau c qu ng ma.
- Rau xanh v cy trng trong hp xp phi c kim tra v ti
nc hng ngy, ti nc thng xuyn hn vo nhng ngy tri
nng nng.
- Nc ti cho rau cng sch cng tt v nn ha thm mt cht
nc dinh dng vo nc ti rau 1 ln/tun.
- Rau xanh cn rt nhiu nh sng nhng cy non d b chy nng
nu mt tri chiu trc tip. V th, nn che ph mt lp ni-lng en

cho cc hp trng cy n khi cy cng cp. Hoc, cc hp trng


cy v tr rm mt khi tri qu nng.

Trng rau sch ng cch ng phng php trnh ng c thc


phm rau sch nh
Bi vit ny da trn kinh nghim v tham kho ca ngi vit. Nu
bn c kinh nghim hy chia s cho cng ng cng bit nh
Vn rau lt chuyn cung cp nng sn sch Lt