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PART 1: Types of computers

1. PCa microcomputer designed for use by one person at a time.

2. Desktopthe primary display screen of a graphical user interface, on
which icons represent files, groups of files, programs.
3. Laptopa portable computer, usually battery-powered, small enough
to rest on the users lap and having a screen that closes over the
keyboard like a lid.
4. Netbooka small, lightweight laptop computer used especially for
Internet access and small
5. PDApersonal digital assistant
6. Workstationa computer terminal or personal computer connected to
a mainframe or network.
7. Servera computer that makes services, as access to data files,
programs, and peripheral devices , available to workstations on a
8. Mainframea large computer, often the hub of a system serving
many users.
9. Supercomputera very fast, powerful mainframe computer, used in
advance military and scientific applications.
10. Wearable Computera small computer that is worn or carried on the
body a wearable computing device.

PART 2: How PCs Work?

1. What does PC stand for?
Personal Computer
2. Describe these main components of a typical desktop computer. For
any acronyms (short forms) also tell what they stand for?
CPU: Central Processing Unit, considered the brains of the computer
RAM: Random- access memory, The RAM is to the CPU as a countertop is to a
cook: it serves as the place where the ingredients and tools youre working
with wait until you need to pick up and use them.
ROM: Read Only Memory, is a special type of memory that stores information
that has been programmed into the PC during construction.
BIOS: Basic input/ output system, is the program a personal computers
microprocessor uses to get the computer system started after you turn it on.
Motherboard: The primary circuit board inside your PC is its motherboard.

Hard Disk: Is a data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital
information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated
with magnetic material.
Operating System: An operating system ( OS) is system software that
manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common
services for computer programs.
Sound Card: A device that can be slotted into a computer to allow the use of
audio components for multimedia applications.
Graphics Card: A printed circuit board that controls the output to a display

PART 3 : Connecting Devices

A computer for
advice that sends or
receives several bits
of data

A connector by
which a device that
sends data one bit
at a time may be
connected to a

Universal Serial Bus,
is an industry
standard developed
in the mid-1990s
that defines the
cables, connectors
protocols, used in a
bus for connection,
communication, and
the power supply
between computers
and electronic

A technology that
allows high-speed
communication and
data exchange
between a
computer and a
peripheral or
between two

What is Hardware?
Metalware, as tools, locks, hinges, or cutlery

What is Software
Computers the programs used to direct the operation of a computer, as
well as documentation giving instructions on how to use them
What are 2 types of software
There are two main types of software: systems software and
application software .Systems software includes the programs that are
dedicated to managing the computer itself, such as the operating system,
file management utilities, and disk operating system (or DOS).