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DTNB0179

CONG TY DICH
VU co KHI HANG HAl

BAN DAo T~O NOI BO

GIAo TRINH DAo TAO


NOI
BO

"PIPING SPECIALTY ITEMS"

H9 va Ten

duy~t

N gm'ri bien so~m

Nguai kim tra

Nguy~n Anh Trung

Tr~n Thi~n Le

SUI' t+DAriCT-Bi~f

~.4: ..I. .1P..I..U.!. l.1 .

.u.,...I.!Q ..I.. 2..Q. /~

II ..l..lA..I.U .r. .

N guai phe

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Chfr ki

Tai lieu va cac thOng tin trong no ta tai san cua Cong ty DVCKHH khOng ctU(,J'c sao chip, copy, in dn hoc sang bang
duo'i bdt kj; hinh thu'c nao niu khOng co S11' cho phep tru6'c dIG Cong ty DVCKHH

Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

BNG THEO DI SA I

STT

Ngy sa i

Trang sa i

Mc sa i

Ni dung s i

Ghi ch

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

MC TIU KHA HC:


Trnh by cc kin thc c bn v cu to, ng dng ca mt s Piping Specialty
Items trong d n.
CU TRC KHA HC:
Kha o to thc hin trong 01 bui (1 bui khong 02 gi).
Phng php o to: S dng phn mm Power Point trnh chiu, thuyt trnh v
tho lun.
I TNG O TO:
i tng bt buc tham gia: Nhn vin T ng ng Phng Thit K
i tng khuyn khch tham gia: Nhn vin T ng ng cc phng, ban khc
lin quan.
NI DUNG KHA HC:
Ni dung kha hc gm 3 phn chnh:
Gii thiu tng quan v Piping Specialty Items thng s dng trong cc d n.
Cu to, ng dng, nguyn l hot ng.
Mt s lu chnh khi nh gi k thut cho cc gi Piping Specialty Items.
TNG KT KHA HC:
Tm tt ni dung chnh ca kha hc: kt thc kha hc, nhng ni dung chnh ca
kha hc cn c nu tm tt hc vin nm c ni dung ca kha o to.

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

Table of Contents
1.

SPECTACLE BLIND & PADDLE BLIND ........................................................................ 5

2.

BLEED RING......................................................................................................................... 7

3.

CORROSION PROBE & CORROSION COUPON. ......................................................... 8

4.

INJECTION QUILL ........................................................................................................... 11

5.

BARRED TEE...................................................................................................................... 13

6.

ORIFICE PLATE ................................................................................................................ 14

7.

ORIFICE FLANGE ............................................................................................................. 15

8.

TRAPS .................................................................................................................................. 16

9.

STRAINER ........................................................................................................................... 18

10.

FLAME ARRESTOR .......................................................................................................... 19

11.

INSULATION KIT .............................................................................................................. 21

12.

EXPANSION JOINTS......................................................................................................... 23

13.

DRIP RINGS ( FLUSHING RINGS) ................................................................................. 24

14.

BUG/ INSECT SCREEN..................................................................................................... 26

15.

SIGHT GLASS ..................................................................................................................... 27

16.

INTERLOCK ....................................................................................................................... 28

17.

FLEXIBLE HOSE ............................................................................................................... 29

18.

QUICK COUPLING ........................................................................................................... 30

19.

SAMPLE COOLER............................................................................................................. 34

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

1. SPECTACLE BLIND & PADDLE BLIND


Spectacle blind l mt ming kim loi c ct ph hp vi gia 2 mt flange hoc gia 2
gasket. A Spectacle blind thng c lm t 2 a kim loi c gn kt vi nhau bng mt tm
kim loi nh. Hnh dng ca n ging nh cp knh eo, mt u rng (m) cho php dng
chy i qua trong qu trnh hot ng, u cn li c (kha) ng dng chy trong qu trnh
bo tr. N thng c lp t nh l mt thit b vnh vin phn tch cc cm h thng
ng ng.

DEMENSIONS OF SPECTACLE BLIND


Demension of spectacle blind and paddle blind.xls

Dimensions are in millimeters unless otherwise indicated.

D = Hole size (where required) should be the same as the flange bolt hole. In practice,
these dimensions have been rounded round off upwards.

Wt = Thickness of the web (or tie bar) should be 6 mm minimum, or equal to


Thickness (t) if less than 6 mm.

Spectacle Blinds should be made from a plate or forging specification, approved for use by
ASME B31.3, of essentially the same chemical composition as the mating flanges and
piping involved.

Depending on a customer specification, some dimensions can be different from what on


this page is defined.

A paddle blind l mt na c (kha) ca spectacle blind. N thng c lm t mt a kim


loi c v thng c mt ming kim loi di mng gn vo phn cui c s dng cm, n
c hnh dng ging nh mt ci paddle, nn c gi l paddle blind. Nhng loi ny c dng
trong h thng ng ng khng yu cu bo tr thng xuyn. N c s dng nh l mt dng
c kha chn dng chy trong h thng ng ng.
Ngoi ra cn c loi Paddle spacer c th c s dng trong h thng ng ng khi n hot
ng tr li.

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

DEMENSIONS OF PADDLE BLIND


Demension of spectacle blind and paddle blind.xls

Ring Spacer Handles shall have a single through indicator hole located near the end of the
handle. The hole diameter shall not be less than 12 mm.

Wt = Thickness of the handle should be 6 mm minimum, or equal to Thickness (t) if less


than 6 mm.

Spades and Ring Spacers should be made from a plate or forging specification, approved
for use by ASME B31.3, of essentially the same chemical composition as the mating
flanges and piping involved.

Depending on a customer specification, some dimensions can be different from what on


this page is defined.

S khc bit gia spectacle blind v paddle blind:


So snh vi paddle blinds, spectacle blinds i hi ln hn v khu vc khng gian ln hn lp
t, tho d, thay i v tr ng m blinds. Ngc li, paddle blind c th c s dng trong
khng gian hp hn, li vo b gii hn. Spectacle blinds thng nng hn paddle blind, v vy
paddle blind thng c dng cho cc ng c ng knh ln.
Spectacle Blinds

Paddle Blinds

Thng c lp t nh mt thit b vnh


cu

Thng c lp t nh mt thit b tm thi

Lm t 2 a kim loi nh km bi mt tm
kim loi mng. Trng ging nh cp knh
hoc spectacles

Lm t 1 a kim loi c tay cm

Mt u cho php dng chy i qua, u khc

Ch yu dng kha dng chy.

Trong ging nh ci paddle (mi cho, vt)

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

kha khng cho dng chy i qua.

Paddle spacer c th s dng trong qu trnh


hot ng.

Yu cu khu vc khng gian rng thay i


v tr ng m hoc tho d blind.

C th c s dng trong khong khng gian


cht, b gii hn

Nng hn paddle blind. Kch c ln cn c


cu ko h tr cho vic lp t.

Nh hn spectacle blind. C th cm tay v d


lp t.

2. BLEED RING
Bleed ring l mt ci vng c thit k vi 1 hoc nhiu ng xuyn tm, ph hp vi tiu chun
flange trong vng trn bolt. Ring thng thng c l ng xuyn tm vi size tapped hoc
socket weld kt ni vi valve hoc cc thit b iu khin. B mt ring phi ph hp vi b mt
ca flange.
Bleed ring c th c s dng thay cho orifice flange union, v n th d lp t v r hn.
Bleed ring material: carbon steel, stainless steel, PVC, ... ph thuc vo mc ch s dng. Bleed
ring thng c s dng thot nc trong h thng ng ng, ly mu, gn cc thit b o
c/ iu khin, valve.
Khi s dng bleed ring gn km vi valve & blind flange, nu valve c m n cho php gim
p lc trc khi tho flange.

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3. CORROSION PROBE & CORROSION COUPON.


Corrosion probe & corrosion coupon dng kim tra/ theo di n mn ng ng, c s
dng trong cc trng hp sau:
-

Ni c nguy him/ ri ro cao: p sut cao, nhit cao, d chy, gy n, quy trnh/ cng
ngh c hi.
Ni qu trnh/ dng chy ri gy ra kh nng n mn cao.
Ni thay i iu kin hot ng c th gy ra nhng thay i quan trng v t l n mn
Ni cht c ch n mn c s dng.
Ni cc thnh phn/ yu t n mn c tp trung do chu trnh c lp i lp li
Trong vic nh gi tnh trng n mn ca cc hp kim khc nhau.
c s dng nhng ni c s i pha bo v h thng/ kt cu.
Ni sn phm b nhim bn do s n mn.

Corrosion probe system:

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

Corrosion Probe System


-

Non-Tee Access Fitting Assembly bao gm:


o

Access fitting body: c gn vnh vin trn ng (thc hin cc chc nng phun
ha cht, thc hin quy trnh ly mu, gim st xi mn do ct, gim st n mn
ha cht.

Hollow plug assembly: dng lp rp cc thit b ph hp yu cu

Protective cover with NPT threaded hole: c thit k bo v bn ngoi.

Corrosion Probe
Phng php theo di/ kim tra s n mn ng ng c s dng ph bin trong cng
nghip du kh l ER v LPR.
o

ER (Electrical Resistance) Probe: L thit b u d in tr c s dng trong


du kh, ha cht, ch bin cn yu cu c tc n mn ngay. C th dng trong
c mi trng dn in v khng dn in (du, kh t, khng kh, t). Nguyn
tc hot ng da trn s thay i khng tr ca phn t u d khi tip xc vi
iu kin n mn. Cc b phn gm: vng dy, ng, linh kin ghp ni, cc loi
hnh tr. Cc b phn ny c th lm vi nhiu vt liu v dy khc nhau.
X l d liu : D liu c ly ra bng th it b ch uyn d ng h o c p ht s ng
khng dy qua mng. Phn mm trong my tnh s x l d liu cho ta thy kt
qu theo bng hoc biu .

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

LPR (Linear Polarisation Resistance) Probe: u d LPR c s dng trong cng


nghip x l nc v mi trng khc m cn c tc n mn ngay. Thit b
ny l l tng theo di xu hng n mn trong h thng (v d: tc dng ca 1
loi ha cht c ch s n mn). c dng trong mi trng dn in. K thut
LPR cho php tnh ton t l n mn gia na pin anot (ni xy ra hin tng oxi
ha) v catot (ni xy ra hin tng kh) trong mi trng c tnh dn. S o ny
c thc hin bng cachs dung mt in p nh thng t 10 n 30 milivolts,
n 1 in cc n mn kim loi v o kt qu lu lng hin ti. T l in p hin
ti khng phn cc t l nghch vi t l n mn.
ER/LPR probe c trang b vi MIL-C5015 loi connector kt ni vi
corrosion data logger.

Extension Adapter: c yu cu thit lp kt ni gia ER/LPR probe v corrosion


adapter data logger. Extension adapter c trang b u connector MIL-C-5015 female
hoc male. Extension adapter c kt ni vi ER/LPR proble connector v c kha
vo trong protective cover bng swage lock.
Corrosion Data Logger:
o

Portable corrosion data logger cho php ngi iu hnh/ iu khin thu thp d
liu v n mn v xem xt n trn my tnh thng qua ng dng trn phn mm
Windows.
Continous on-line corrosion data logger c c trng gn trc tip trn vng cn
o, chy bng pin, v truy xut d liu bng cch s dng up-loader.
Continuous real-time corrosion data logger cng c c trng c gn trc tip
ln vng cn o, s dng ngun bn ngoi, t ng chuyn giao d liu n cc
n v xem xt, phn tch. Corrosion data logger c kt ni vi extension
adapter bng cable.

Corrosion coupon:

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Gii thiu v Piping Specialty Items

Corrossion Coupon System


-

Non- Tee Access Fitting Assembly bao gm:


o Access fitting body
o Solid plug assembly
o Protective cover without hole.

Corrosion Coupon Holder


Corrosion coupon holder is connected to the solid plug assembly with NPT thread.

Corrosion Coupon
Corrosion coupon is equipped with insulator to prevent galvanic corrosion. Corrosion
coupon is attached to corrosion coupon holder with screw.

4. INJECTION QUILL
Injection Quills c dng bm ha cht vo trong dng trung tm ca mt ng ng dn. S
bm ny m bo cho s phn tn ca ha cht c ng u hn, cung cp mt hn hp ng
nht hn vo trong h thng ng ng dn. Mi quill c 1 l xo (spring-loaded check) ngn
chn ha cht chy ngc li vt liu l stainless steel.
Injection Quills c 2 size thng c s dng:
-

6" length (2-5/8" insertion) ph hp cho ng c ng knh 4"-6".

8" length (4-5/8" insertion) ph hp cho ng c ng knh 8"-10".

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Loi kt ni cho c 2 size trn thng l 1/2" NPT (National Pipe Thread), BSPT (British
Standard Pipe Thread) hoc FLANGED.
Vt t cho Injection Quill phi tng thch vi ha cht c bm vo, thng thng c 6 loi
chnh sau:
Model

Size
Body
Ball Check
(length) Material
Material

Check Spring
Material

Pressure(1) Temperature
Max. PSIG
Max.

IQ-56-PVC

6"

PVC

Ceramic

316S/S

150

140F(60C)

IQ-56-CPVC

6"

CPVC

Ceramic

316S/S

150

210F(98C)

IQ-56-PP

6"

PP

Ceramic

316S/S

150

195F(90C)

IQ-56-PVDF

6"

PVDF

Ceramic

316S/S

150

260F(125C)

IQ-56-316S/S

6"

316S/S

316S/S

316S/S

3000

500F(260C)

IQ-56-HastC

6"

Hastelloy

Hastelloy

Hastelloy

3000

500F(260C)

IQ-58-PVC

8"

PVC

Ceramic

316S/S

150

140F(60C)

IQ-58-CPVC

8"

CPVC

Ceramic

316S/S

150

210F(98C)

IQ-58-PP

8"

PP

Ceramic

316S/S

150

195F(90C)

IQ-58-PVDF

8"

PVDF

Ceramic

316S/S

150

260F(125C)

IQ-58-316S/S

8"

316S/S

316S/S

316S/S

3000

500F(260C)

IQ-58-HastC

8"

Hastelloy

Hastelloy

Hastelloy

3000

500F(260C)

Quill l mt ng m u c ct vt mt gc 45 v c mt khe/ rnh u. S thit k ny


to ra s chuyn ng hn lon, khng ng nht t c s phn phi ha cht vo trong
dng sn phm.
Injection Tube Quills ngn chn s tc nghn v cung cp s phn tn cc k tt ca cht c ch
s n mn nu dng sn phm chy vi vn tc 15 ft/s hoc ln hn. T l bm vo c iu
khin bng injection pump hoc shut-off valve.

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5. BARRED TEE
Barred Tee ging nh tee thng thng nhng c thm cc square bar c hn ti nhnh ca
Tee. c s dng gn Pig launcher & Pig receiver c cc nhnh kt ni vo ng pipeline.
iu ny m bo cho vic phng Pig d dng v trnh b kt ti cc nhnh ca dng sn phm.
Material: ASTM A 234 WPB, WPHY -42, WPHY 46, WPHY 52, WPHY 56, WPHY-60,
WPHY-70
Specifications and Standards: ANSI B16. 9, MSS SP-75
Sizes available ranging from 8" to 48",
Schedule wall thickness from SCH40 to SCH160

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6. ORIFICE PLATE
Orifice plate l mt tm kim loi phng (plat plate) c chiu dy t 1/16 inch n inch, thng
thng c gn gia 2 flange v lp t trn nhng ng ng thng di v trn trnh lm
xo trn dng chy t fittings v valves.
Orifice plate c dng o tnh lin tc ca dng chy trong ng, c chi ph kinh t thp.
C 3 loi orifice plate:
-

Concentric orifice plate l ph bin nht trong 3 loi, c l ng tm bn trong thnh ng.

Eccentric orifice plates c l lch tm bn trong thnh ng.

Segmental orifice plate phn mt ct trn ca segmental orifice ng tm vi ng ng.


Ty thuc vo loi cht lng, phn mt ct trn ca segmental orifice c t bn trn
hoc di cng ca ng ng ngang tng chnh xc ca php o.

Dng chy qua orifice plate s b thay i vn tc. Khi cht lng i qua l s c hi t, v vn
tc ca cht lng tng n mt gi tr ti a. Ti thi im ny, p lc l mt gi tr ti thiu. Khi
cht lng phn k in vo ton b khu vc ng ng, vn tc gim tr li gi tr ban u. p
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lc tng khong 60% n 80% gi tr u vo ban u. S mt mt p sut l khng c kh nng


thu hi, do , p lc u ra s lun nh hn so vi p lc u vo. Kt qu o s chnh p gia
hai mt trc v sau orifice plate t l thun vi tc dng chy.
Orifice plate c 2 nhc im:
-

Lm gim p lc ng k (p sut u ra = 60% n 80% p sut u vo),


Gy ra hin tng xi mn, cng l nguyn nhn gy ra s thiu chnh xc trong vic o
lng s chnh lch p sut.

7. ORIFICE FLANGE
Orifice flange c s dng thay cho standard pipe flange khi cn lp thm mt orifice plate hoc
flow nozzle.
C 2 kiu kt ni thng thng l socket weld hoc weld neck vi 2 l ren NPT, c thm jack
screw gip tho ra d dng.
Typical Materials bao gm:
-

ASTM A105 Carbon Steel

ASTM A350 LF2 Low Temp Carbon Steel

ASTM A182 F316 Stainless Steel

ASTM A182 F304 Stainless Steel

ASTM A182 F11 1% Cr % Mo

ASTM A182 F22 2% Cr 1% Mo

Typical Gaskets bao gm:


- 1.5 mm thick IBC ring type, non asbestos
- 3.2 mm thick sprial wound type, carbon steel outer, stainless steel inner, 316L windings
with graphite filler
Studbolts and Nuts (Standard materials) bao gm:
-

ASTM A193 B7 and ASTM A194 Gr 2H

ASTM A320 L7 and ASTM A194 Gr 4 or 7

ASTM A320 B8 and ASTM A194 Gr 8

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8. TRAPS
Steam Traps c chc nng l x du/ kh ngng t t cc ng ng hi nc hoc thit b gia
nhit bng hi nc m khng cho php hi thot trc tip ra ngoi.
Mt s loi chnh ca steam traps:
-

Float steam trap: bao gm mt chamber, bn trong cha mt phao c kh iu chnh v


tr m valve. Khi mc condensate trong trap dng ln, valve c m condensate thot
ra. Loi valve ny c khuynh hng x ra mt dng cht lng n nh t khi vt tr ca valve
t l thun vi t l dng condensate vo. Do ca x ca valve nm bn di mc nc, nn
Float-type steam trap phi s dng mt h thng thng gi x khng kh khng ngng t.
iu ny c thc hin bi mt thermo-static element n s m valve khi kh lnh khng
th ngng t v ng valve khi c dng nc nng.

Float steam trap. (Spirax Sarco Inc.)


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- Thermostatic steam trap cha mt thermostatic element (yu t nhit tnh) cho php m
hoc ng valve tng ng vi nhit ca cht lng. Condensate thu t dng vo ca
valve c lm lnh v a ra ngoi qua ca x. Khi condensate lnh c x ra ngoi v
nhit ngng t t n nhit bo ha th b iu khin nhit s ng valve. Do vy,
thermostatic trap hot ng khng lin tc nhng t l ngng t c ti a.

Thermostatic steam trap. (a) Trap strainer unit;


(b) balanced pressure thermostatic trap. (Spirax Sarco Inc.)
- Inverted bucket steam trap bao gm mt chamber (bung) cha mt inverted bucket ( thng
cha ngc) ca m bn di, c lin kt vi mt valve x. Valve ny mi khi bucket
nm v tr di cng ca trap. iu ny cho php kh thot ra trong thi gian c lm m
ln cho n khi v tr di ca bucket c lm kn khi condensate dng ln. Valve vn duy
tr trng thi m min l condensate vn vo v kh c thot ra ngoi thng qua l thng
kh bn trn ca bucket. Khi hi nc vo trong trap, in y bucket lm cho n ni v
dng ln, valve c ng li. hi nc thot ra ngoi chm thng qua l x v ngng t,
iu ny cho php bucket i xung v m valve cho dng chy ngng t i qua.

Inverted bucket steam trap (Spirax Sarco Inc.)

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Air (drain) traps c s dng x cht lng c ngng t t cc h thng kh. Hot ng ca
drain trap cng ging nh steam trap, ngoi tr drain trap khng c thermostatic clement.
9. STRAINER
Strainer c s dng trong h thng ng ng bo v nhng thit b nhy cm vi bi bn
v cc ht khc c th c trong dng lu cht. Trong h thng khi ng, x nc, strainer c
t dng vo ca pump bo v chng t cc mnh vn trong qu trnh lp t, ch to cn
tn ti trong ng ng.
Conical start-up strainer c lp t dng vo ca control valve, traps hay instruments bo
v nhng thit b ny t nhng sn phm n mn - n s c loi b ra khi h thng ng
ng.

Conical start-up strainer


The wye strainer thng c gn dng vo ca traps, control vavles, instruments. Wye trainer
ging nh mt nhnh ph kin hnh ch Y, vi strainer element (b lc) c lp nhnh. u
cui nhnh thng c gn mt valve x nhanh v c th tho c, cho php bo tr, thay th
b lc.

Wye strainer
Basket strainers thng c dng ni yu cu lu lng dng chy cao. Loi ny c np c
th tho c.

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Basket strainer
Basket trainer cng c loi bng duplex, bao gm 2 b lc song song v 1 valve iu khin, n
cho php s chuyn hng ca dng chy thng qua mt trong nhng trainer element, trong khi
strainer element khc c bo dng (c dung ni yu cu dng chy lin tc, khng c
gin on).
10. FLAME ARRESTOR
Mt trong nhng mi nguy him ln nht lin quan n vic vn chuyn hoc lu tr cht lng d
chy hoc cht kh l nh la, dn n chy, n, c th xy ra. i vi cc bn cha kh (gas
storage tanks) v cc thng cha cht lng d chy khc, cc bin php an ton nn bao gm cc
l thng hi, bnh th v cc thit b an ton khc, bao gm flame arresters.
Flame arrestor c s dng bo v con ngi, nh my, thit b bng cch kh s chy, n
trong ng ng ngn chn ngn la xm nhp vo ng ng, thit b. Flame arrestor l mt
thit b lm ngng qu trnh t nhin liu bng cch dp tt ngn la i qua n (ngn chn s
truyn ca ngn la t bn ngoi vo). C 2 phng php c bn:
- Ngn la c dp tt bng cch lm ph v ngn la thnh cc phn t nh. Nhit ca
ngn la c hp th bng flame element - c din tch b mt rng v ngay lp tc lm
gim s truyn nhit ca ngn la di nhit im chy.
- Phng php th 2 l lm gim khng gian gia bank assembly crimp. Tt c cc kh u c
mt khong trng, khi khong trng t n gii hn xc nh th n khng cho php ngn
la i qua (gi l MSEG Maximum Experimental Safe Gap)
Mt s loi Flame Arrestors:
- Detonation Flame Arrestor (ngn chn s bng n ca ngn la) l loi in line c gn
trn ng cng ngh. In line detonation flame arresters dng bo v, ngn chn khi
ngn la truyn vi vn tc ln v km theo s va ng mnh ca khng kh vi tc cao,
gp ra p sut ln, c th gy n ln. Detonation flame arrester c thit k v kim tra
cho nhng v n ln, ni m tc ngn la vt qu tc m thanh.
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- Deflagration Flame Arrester (ngn chn s bng chy ca ngn la) gm 2 loi:
o End of line flame arrester c gn cui ng ng v c thit k bo v,
chng li s bc chy. Loi ny thng c s dng i vi cc bn cha ni m
thi gian bm nhiu liu lu, lng nhit thot ra c th tn ti v dng chy ca hn
hp d chy khng c kh nng dng li.
o In line deflagration flame arresters c gn trn ng ng (process line) bo
v, ngn chn lm gim vn tc ca ngn la (di vn tc m thanh). Deflagration
arresters thng c t gn ngun pht la v trong gii hn quy nh ca nh sn
xut.

Flame arresters c s dng :


- Ngn chn s lan rng ca ngn la
- gii hn s lan rng ca v chy khi n xy ra.
- bo v cc hn hp c kh nng gy n t vic t chy
- hn ch m chy trong vng kim sot, v tr quy nh
Flame arresters thng c s dng cho:
- Fuel storage tank vents
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- Fuel Gas pipelines


- Safety storage cabinets for paint, aerosol cans, and other flammable mixtures
- The exhaust system of internal combustion engines
- Davy lamps in coal mines
- Overproof Rum and other flammable liquors.
11. INSULATION KIT
Flange insulating gasket kits
- Type E gasket l mt full-faced gasket vi ng knh ngoi bng ng knh ngoi ca
flange v l bolt ng vi l bolt ca flange. Type E gaskets are available in plain face or
Neoprene face phenolic, as well as a variety of high temperature materials.

- Type F gaskets c ch to va vi phn raise face ca flange, n khng c l bolt ng


knh bn trong ca vng trn l bolt hi nh hn so vi ng knh bn ngoi ca gasket
m bo chnh xc, t ng nh v tr ca gasket.

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- Trojan gaskets l mt loi gasket vi cng ngh hin i m s r r gn nh bng khng.


The elastomer sealing element c bc trong ci vng kp c lp v in. Vt liu ph bin ca
sealing element l Nitrile (2400 F max. Operating temperature), Viton (4000 F), and Teflon
(4500 F).
ADVANTAGES OF THE TROJAN:
- Can be utilized with mismatched flanges
- Can be utilized with misaligned flanges
- Can be used in place of RTJ or BX rings
- Little initial torque required
- No re-torquing required
- Sealing ring cannot be left out
- Seal design tested from 0 -100,000 psi
- Reusable
- Competitive price
- Limited area of seal exposed (long fire life)
- Compensates for pressure fluctuations, compression changes, vibrations, temperature, etc.
- Greatly reduces human error during installation
- Large selection of materials available
- Three to four times the dielectric strength necessary
- Low installation and maintenance costs
- Gaskets through 144

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12. EXPANSION JOINTS


Expansion joints c s dng trong h thng ng ng hp th, lm gim s gin n nhit.
Expansion joints gm c cc loi: Slip, Ball, Metal bellows, and Rubber

Slip-Type Expansion Joint

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Ball-Type Expansion Joint

Meal belows expansion joint

Rubber expansion joint


13. DRIP RINGS ( FLUSHING RINGS)
Drip Rings (Flushing Rings) thng c dng trong cc ng dng ni yu cu ly mu kim
tra, hiu chun m khng cn phi tho d cc thit b, dng c ca h thng.

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Drip Rings thng c gn gia flange process connection v diaphragm seal. Hai flushing
ports (l x) cho php lm sch cc ht, phn t nh b tch t li trc mng ngn, to ra vng p
sut venting hoc draining.
Process Connection
-

ANSI in all ratings

ANSI RJT in all ratings

Din in all ratings from Pn 10

JIS in all ratings from 10K

Port Connection
-

NPT

NPT

NPT

Wetted Materials
-

316/316L Dual Certified Stainless Steel (standard)


Drip Rings for Raised Face & Female Groove Flanges

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14. BUG/ INSECT SCREEN


Insect screen (Bug screen) dng bc cc u ng khi ca cc nh my, thit b nhm bo v
thit b, my mc do s tn cng, xm nhp ca cn trng.

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15. SIGHT GLASS


Sight glass (hay cn gi l gauge glass) c s dng o mc cht lng. N c s dng
biu th mc cht lng trong tank hoc vessel.
Liquid in tanks
Sight glass c th l mt ng nha hoc ng thy tinh, mt u kt ni vi y h ca tank/
vessel, u cn li ti nh ca tank/ vessel.
Mc cht lng trong sight glass s ging nh mc cht lng trong tank. Ngy nay, nhiu ng
dng tng t s dng cc thit b ni mch tinh vi thay th cho sight glass.
Steam boilers
p sut ca nc bn di v p lc ca hi bn trn th bng nhau, v vy bt k s thay i no
v mc nc s c th hin trn my o (gauge). ng trong sut thng c nh km vi
mt ming kim loi hoc ming knh chu lc ngn chn khi b h hng, tc ng trong qu
trnh hot ng gy ra. Boiler thng c mt patterned backplate khuych i nh hng ca
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nc trong ng cho php c kt qu d dng hn. Mt s boiler hot ng ti p lc cao yu cu


ng phi c nh km tm kim loi gia c. N th quan trng gi mc nc nh yu cu, nu
khng th pha trn ca bung t (firebox) s khng c bo v, to ra mi nguy v nhit
qu cao c th gy tn hi rt ln.
kim tra thit b c cung cp c cho kt qu chnh xc v ng ng kt ni n boiler
khng b kha/ chn bi cn bn, mc nc phi di chuyn ln/ xung mt cch nhanh chng
bng cch m vi cho php dng nc chy thng qua valve x (drain cock).

Gauge glass and fittings


16. INTERLOCK
Interlock (kha lin ng trnh cho 2 b phn my cng chy), c th l mt dng c, h thng
c kh, in, c s dng ngn nga nhng tn hi cho my do ngi iu khin n
Mechanical interlock system c lp t v l do an ton trong qu trnh hot ng:
-

Ni c lp a relief valve bng a block valve.

Ni c lp flare system.

An interlock v c bn gm 1 kha kp, kha hot ng ca my ch ti v tr ng hoc m.


Standard key bao gm mt key trapped lp bn trong h thng kha v mt key free. thay i
v tr ca valve, 2 key ny cn c insert vo h thng kha. Free key ch c th c ly ra khi
valve v tr ng hoc m
Interlock key c m ha duy nht cho h thng kha lin ng v ch khi m kha chnh xc
mi cho php m kha v hot ng ca thit b.

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17. FLEXIBLE HOSE


Flexible Hose l mt loi ng mm, c kh nng n hi. Vt liu ng c th l stainless steel,
fluoroplastic, and silicon, ... c dng trong nhiu ng dng khc nhau: ng dn trong h thng
cu ha, h thng cp nc, ... gip ngn chn s bin dng ca ng do s rung ng hoc cc lc
xoay/ xon.
Flexible hose piping thng c s dng cho u ni c chuyn ng xoay:
-

Flexible metal hose nn gn trc tip gia mi ni piping c nh v mi ni xoay.

Flexible hose c s dng gim ti trng ng ng do s gin n nhit trong ng


ng hoc cc thit b cng ngh, cng nh khi di chuyn hoc dao ng. Flexible hose hp
th chuyn ng ny t gy nh hng ln mi xoay.

Examples of flexible hose installations:


-

Figure 1 The vertical piece of hose allows for header expansion and misalignment of
header connection relative to rotary joint connection. The horizontal leg of flexible hose
allows for thermal and hydraulic expansion of vertical hose leg without exerting large
forces on joint.

Figure 2 This method provides flexibility of hose length, piping and roll movement
vertical or horizontal. Generally the hose must be much longer than needed for Figure 1
due to the minimum bend radius allowable, which is dependent on size and material of
hose and amount of equipment movement.
This method is only recommended for ball bearing joints or internally compensated joints
where axial movement of joint is not present. If joint moves axially, a torsional stress is
built up in the hose thus shortening the hose life.

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Figure 3 An example of using a single piece of hose which requires sufficient hose
length to stay within the minimum bend radius of the specified hose size and material.
This arrangement minimizes hydraulic loads developed by the hose caused from length
and space tolerance.

Figure 4 Recommended dual-flow arrangements.

18. QUICK COUPLING


Quick Coupling c s dng trong h thng thy lc, hoc kh nn kt ni nhanh chng n
cc lines m khng lm mt cht lng hoc p sut, c dng ph bin trong h thng, dng c
thng xuyn m/ ng kt ni. Tt c cc couping gm 2 phn gn kt vi nhau: the plug (male)
v coupler (female)
Cc thng s quan trng ca Quick Coupling bao gm body size or diameter, maximum working
pressure, and working temperature.
Body sizes range from 1/8 inches to 6 inches
Hose connections: male NPT, female NPT, male straight thread, female straight thread, male JIC,
female JIC, male BSP, female BSP, hose barb, clamp, and compression fitting.
PART A
Male Adaptor X Female
Thread

PART B
Female Coupler X
Male Thread

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PART C

PART D

Female Coupler X Hose


Shank

PART E
Male Adapter X
Shank

Female Coupler X
Female Thread

PART F
Hose

PART DC
Dust Cap for Male
Adapter

PART FLA
Male Adapter X Flange
(A.N.S.I CLASS 150)

PERMATITE
Swaging/Crimping Ferrule
(SS316)

Male Adapter X Male


Thread

PART DP
Dust Plug for Female
Couplers

PART FLB
Female Coupler X
Flange (A.N.S.I
CLASS 150)

MODEL 101
Double Locking
Handle, Bleed Off
Coupler

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MODEL 102
Positive-Locking Handle
Couplers

Butt Weld
Premium Butt Weld Cam
and Groove Couplings

Socket Weld,
Coupler
Premium Socket Weld
Cam and Groove
Couplings, Coupler

BB
Spool Coupler; Female
Coupler X Female Coupler

Swivel-Tite
Swivel Type Female
Coupler X Hose Shank

Socket Weld,
Adaptor
Premium Socket Weld
Cam and Groove
Couplings Adapter

SA
Spool Adapter; Male
Adapter X Male
Adapter

BA
Coupler/Adapter;
Female Coupler X
Male Adapter

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PART A IN / RE
Male Adapter Increaser /
Reducer(PART A)

PART C IN / RE
Female Coupler Increaser /
Reducer(PART C)

PART E IN / RE
Male Adapter Increaser /
Reducer(PART E)

HRP
Cam and Groove, Handle
Ring and Pin

PART B IN / RE
Female Coupler
Increaser /
Reducer(PART B)

PART D IN / RE
Female Coupler
Increaser /
Reducer(PART D)

PART F IN / RE
Male Adapter
Increaser /
Reducer(PART F)

SS CHAIN
Stainless Steel SHooks & Chains

GASKETS
Cam and Groove Gaskets
in various material

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19. SAMPLE COOLER


Sample Cooler l thit b trao i nhit c thit k gim nhit ca mu cht lng xung
nhit an ton c th phn tch c. N cng c chc nng lm mt cho cht lng c
bm ra.

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