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AshleyReyes

Period3
06/02/00
WhowasprimarilyresponsiblefortheColdWar?

InanexcerptfromRussiasTransformation:ChallengesforU.S.PolicyfromBrown
University,andinanexcerptfromStanfordHistoryEducationGroup,whichbothtellthe
historyofthecoldwar,thatbothsidesinwar,theUnitedStatesandRussia,canbeatfaultfor
beingresponsibleinsparkingwar.Bothsidesprovokedeachotherthroughinsults,threats,and
dominance.

Insultingeachotheragitatedoneanotherandasmallfightmightveledtosomething
bigger.InASovietPerspectiveoftheUnitedStates,arussianauthorportraysAmericansas
discriminatorsandjudgementalthroughastoryofayoung,poor,africanamericanmomcan
barelyaffordshoesforherdaughterandistreatedunfairlythroughappearance.Inascenewhere
theshoesdontfitthelittlegirlthemotherisforcedtobuytheshoes,theauthorwrites,And
whowouldwanttotaketheseshoesthatwereputonyourblackfeet?(p.5).Theauthorimplied
thatamericansareracistthroughdiscriminatingtowardsarace.Theauthor,attheendofthe
story,speaksofanamericanmanthatwalksinandofferstopurchasetheshoes,hewritesI
knowwellthemeaningofhardearnedmoney.(p.6).Theauthorlightenthestorybyimplying
thattherearegoodamericansandnotallarethesame.Americansbecameenragedandshotback
withThisGodlessCommunism,whichwasU.Sperspectiveoncommunism,andused

communismasanenemybyusingnegativeconnotationanddemonizingit.Theauthorsays
thingslikegivinguptheirfreedom,violenceandbloodshedandgodlesstomake
communismseemasifitwasanenemyorthreattotheUnitedStates(pg.3).TheU.S.directly
offendedRussiaferociouslywithnokindindications.ThismadetheU.S.seemcruelandatfault.
TheU.S.andRussiaalmostseemedtobethreateningeachotherlettersandspeeches.In
anexcerptfromtheTrumanDoctrineSpeech,whichwastheplantohelpcountriesindanger
ofturningintocommunismandinthisspeechhesaid,...Greecemusthaveassistanceifitisto
becomeaselfsupportingandselfrespectingdemocracy.(Doc.B).Thismighthavecreatedthe
ideathatonlydemocraticcountriesareworthyenoughforeconomicandfinancialassistanceand
wasaplantoeliminatecommunism.InanexcerptfromatelegramsentbytheSoviet
AmbassadorNikolaiNovikovtoSovietleadership,hewrites,...,ifitcouldavoiddirect
participationinthewar,itwouldenteritonlyatthelastminute,(Doc.C).Thismighthave
offendedtheU.S.byindicatingthattheyareweakandarenotcapablebeinginafullwarand
instigatingafight.Russiawasthenportrayedatfaultbyinstigatingwar.
RussiamadeitseemasiftheU.S.cravesdominancebyspreadingdemocracyand
communism.Thiswasthemainsparkofwar.Bothcountriesthoughtthatoneanotherwantedto
dominateeachotherandthatwhatitwasallabout.InthetelegrambySovietAmbassador
NikolaiNovikov,hewrites,...thattheUnitedStateshastherighttoleadtheworld.(Doc.C).
ThismadetheU.S.seemasifworlddominancewaswhattheywerestrivingfortospreadthe
ideaofdemocracy.Healsowrites,...byastrivingforworldsupremacy.,whichsupportsthe
ideathattheU.S.hasalustfordominanceandsupremacy.TheU.S.madethemselvesseemasif
theywerecapableofdominatingtheworld.SecretaryofCommerceandformervicepresident,

HenryWallace,writesThesefactsrathermakeitappeareitherwearepreparingourselvesto
winthewarwhichweregardasinevitableorthatwearetryingtobuildupapredominanceof
forcetointimidatetherestofmankind.(DocD).ThismakestheUnitedStatesseempower
hungryandarrogant.ThismakesitalmostseemthatRussiahadarighttosuggesttheU.S.was
strivingforworlddominancebutRussiamighthavealsoprovokedtheU.S.aswell.Thismakes
bothRussiaandU.S.atfaultforprovokingeachotherundertheideaofdominance.
Inthebeginningthemainconflictwastheideathattheyvaluedifferentthingssuchlike
power,moneyordominancewhichmadetheoutbreakofwarbut,whatconcludedthewarwas
thepowerofhavingthesameideaandvaluestoprotectthepeopleandmaketheworldabettera
place.