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Unit 1

Part B. Active Listening. Listen to Mike, talking about whales. While listening, complete
the missing words with the words you hear.

Whales are sea-livings mammals. They therefore breathe air but cannot survive on land.
Some species are very large indeed and the blue whale, which can exceed 30 meters in
length, is the largest animal to have lived on earth. Superficially, the whale looks rather
like a fish, but there are important differences in its external structure; its tail consists of a
pair of broad, flat horizontal paddles (the tail of a fish is vertical) and it has a single
nostril on top of its large, broad head. The skin is smooth and shiny and beneath it lies a
layer of fat (blubber). This is can be up to 30 centimeters in thickness and serves heat and
body fluids.

Say It Right

whales survive

mammals species

breathe exceed


Ways to say it: Expressing feeling

Study the following dialog.

A : Could you tell me how big the blue whale is?

B : Well, let me tell you. The blue whale is the largest animal ever known. It exceeds
elephants and dinosaurs in size. A blue whale may weigh up to 115 tons.

A : Wow, that's an amazing fact.

Expressing surprise:

• No. I don't believe it. - Oh, no. That's not true.

• Are you serious? - Really?
• Are you joking? - It's surprising that ...
• Are you kidding? - What a surprise!
• You must be joking. - This is really a surprise!
• Wow! - Incredible!


Ways to say it: Expressing warning

When we are going to give warnings to other people we can use these expressions:

Informative notices:

- Out of order.

- No vacancies.

- Sold out.

Do this:

- Please queue other side.

- Keep right.

Don't do this:

- No smoking. - Please do not disturb.

- No littering. - Please do not feed the animals.

- No parking. - Keep off the grass.

- No exit. - Silence. Examination is in progress.

- Don’t lean out of the window. - Don’t leave bags unattended.

Watch out:

- Mind your head. - Beware of fierce dog.

- Fragile. - Watch out. The train is coming.

- Watch your step. - Look out behind you.

- Beware of pickpockets.


- Take good care of yourself.

- Be careful.

- Take care, please.

Ways to say it: Advising

Study the following dialogs. Underline the expressions of asking for and offering
suggestions. Then write the expressions in the table.

Number 1. Situation: A husband and wife are talking at breakfast.

A : Darling, this hair dryer I bought yesterday isn’t working. What do you think I should
do about it?

B : Why don’t you try taking it back to the store?

A : Well, I was thinking of that, but don’t you think you could look at it first?

B : O.K., but not now. Maybe later.

Number 2. Situation: A student is talking with her advisor.

A : Mrs. Wilson, what do you think I should do about my chemistry class?Should I drop it
or continue with it?

B : I think it would be a good idea to talk with your instructor. Try talking with her
about the problems and see what she suggests.

A : What if she says I should continue with the class?

B : Then follow her advice. She doesn’t want to fail you.

Asking for advice:

- Do you think I ought to call the police?

- What do you think I should buy him for his birthday?

- Do you have any ideas about how I can sell my car?

- Should I try to talk with him about this matter again?

- If you were me, what would you tell her?

- If you were in my situation, would you forgive him?

- Do you have any advice for me?

- Can you give me some advice?

- Do you have any recommendations about a good hotel in Paris?

- Can you recommend a suitable wine for dinner?

Offering advice:

- I think you’d better start looking for a new job.

- If I were you, I’d stop writing her.

- It would probably a good idea to send this mail by express mail.

- Why don’t you try calling her tonight?

- How about taking the bus instead of driving?

- Try ignoring her for a while.

- I’d say that you’d better quit the team now.

- I advise you to talk with your lawyer.

- My advice is to be careful in doing business with them.

- I suggest that we go out for dinner tonight.

- Let me suggest that we buy a new copier.

- I recommend that you cancel your appointment.

- My recommendation is that we begin the sales program in May.

Ways to say it: Expressing permission

Study the following dialog. Then practice it with your friend and answer the questions.

A : Dad, can I go to the movies with Tim and the guys tonight?

B : No, you may not. You’ve been twice to the movies this week.

A : Please, Dad. Please let me go. Tonight’s the last night. I’ll do anything you want me

B : Will you clean the garage this afternoon before you go?

A : Uhmmm…. Okay, deal.

B : Deal. You can go with your friends but don’t be too late.

A : I won’t Dad and thanks, Dad. You’re the best.

Study the following expressions.

Asking permission:

- Can I close the window, please?

- Please let me have the car tonight.

- May I close the door, please?

- Do you mind if I smoke?

- Would you mind if I went with her?

- Permit me to borrow your pen a minute.

- May I have your permission to marry your daughter.

Giving permission:

- Sure, go ahead. - You have my permission.

- It’s okay with me. - I won’t stop you.

- No, I don’t mind. - Certainly.

- Why not?

Denying permission:

- No, you may not. - I don't think so.

- You can't. - I will not permit you to.

- Yes, I do mind. - I absolutely forbid you.


B. Your Challenge. Listen to Belle, talking about spider. While listening, complete the
missing words. Then, answer the questions.

Uhmm....... do you know Arachnids? I mean, it is a spider. Spiders are not insects.

I mean spiders are Arachnids. Arachnids have four bite pairs of legs but they only have
two body parts while insects have three pairs of legs and three body parts. The most
surprising thing is that spiders have two to four pair of eyes. They can see extremely well.

Uhm .... spiders eat small insects such as flies and mosquitoes and you know what? They
sometimes bite people. When a spider bites an insect, it doesn’t kill the insect
immediately but a special poison passes through its fangs, and this poison paralyzes the
body of the unlucky insect.

Most spiders make their own homes. They do this with a special substance produced by
their bodies. In the corner of some rooms it is possible to find a spider’s web where the
spider is waiting for its next dinner guest.
Unit 2

Part B. Active Listening. Listen to Mike, talking about an old legend. Rearrange the
pictures into the correct order according to the story. Then, answer the questions.

Why do the Sun and the Moon live in the sky?

(A Nigerian Folk tale )

Here is the story. A long time ago, when the world was new, the Sun married the Moon
and they lived as happily as can be. They lived in a little cottage near the Ocean.

You know what? One day, the Sun and the Moon invited the Ocean to their house for a
visit. The Ocean liked it so much. He wanted to stay in a little cottage. The Sun and the
Moon liked the Ocean and hoped the cottage would be big enough for all three of them.

So the Sun and the Moon invited the Ocean to stay with them. What happened then?
Then came the Ocean with all his friends; the whales, the fish, the tortoises, the crabs and
all the creatures that live in the sea.

Oh my….. The water rose higher and higher in the cottage. Soon, there was no more
room for the Sun and the Moon. Oh, how poor they were. They rose up into the sky
where they have lived ever since. Well, that’s the story.

Say It Right







Part C. Enjoy This. Listen to Belle, telling another version of 'Why do the Sun and the
Moon live in the sky?' (New Mexico version). Complete the text and answer the

Why do the Sun and the Moon live in the sky?

(New Mexico Version )

Long time ago, there was no day. It was always dark and always summer. This was
because the Kachina, a very powerful people had stolen the Sun and the Moon and locked
them away in a box. In the light, Coyote and Eagle, two friends wandered the desert.

Coyote and Eagle had always hunted together, but Coyote could not hunt anymore
because he could not see at night. Coyote suggested that they go to find the Sun and the
Moon and make them light up the world. Eagle was worried. He reminded Coyote that
the Sun and the Moon were very strong and it was dangerous to try to trick them.

In the end, Eagle agreed to help Coyote. While the Kachina were sleeping, Coyote and
Eagle crept into their village, stole the Sun and the Moon, and headed into the hills.
Coyote told Eagle that he wanted to open the box containing the Sun and the Moon.
Eagle said, “No.” They must wait until their travels and open it with their eyes closed.
Coyote grumbled. He couldn’t wait to see what was in the box.

Finally, he grew so curious that he threw it open. The light of the Sun was so bright that it
blinded Coyote’s eyes. The Sun and the Moon laughed and flew far away, up into the sky
where they are today.


Ways to say it: Expressing relief, pain, and pleasure

Expressing relief:

- Oh, that’s a relief. - I’m very relieved to hear that.

- Thank goodness for that. - I’m extremely glad to hear that.

- Thank heavens! - What a relief!

- Oh, good! - Good for you.

- Oh, marvelous! - I’m glad it’s done.

- Oh, what a relief! - I’m glad everything is running well.

- That’s alright, then. - I feel so relieved.

- Phew! - This ointment relieves my pain.

- Thank God for that. - It’s very relaxing.

Interjection (a sound in English to express pain):

- Ouch! It hurts me so much.

- Ouch! Stop pinching me.

- Oh! What shall I do if he’s already married?

- Ooh! My head aches! And my back hurts!

- Ah! What is it?

- Ouch! That hurts!

- Aw! The pain hurts me very much.

- It’s very painful. I can't stand it.

- I can’t stand it. The pain is getting worse and worse.

Expressing pleasure/pleased:

- I’m very pleased with this room. - Smashing!

- Oh, how marvelous! - Terrific!

- Oh, it’s wonderful! - Fantastic!

- It’s good news. - Super!

- I’m very delighted. - I’m glad you like it.

- It gives me great pleasure. - This is great, isn’t it?

- I can’t say how pleased I am. - I can’t say how delighted I am.

- Great!
Ways to say it: Expressing feeling scared

Study the following dialog and take turns reading it together with your partner. Then,
underline the sentences expressing feeling scared.

A : Hey, Don. I saw you at the 21 Cinema last night. Were you watching a movie?

B : Oh, yes.

A : Really? What film was it?

B : “Malam Jumat Kliwon“ .

A : It must be a horror film. Tell me about it.

B : Well, .....the story was about a beautiful girl walking home alone at night.

A : Oh, why did she do that? A girl walking home alone .... at night!

B : Well, I don’t know for sure. Next time I’ll ask the film director, okay?

A : Okay, okay, calm down, please. Don’t be mad.

B : Well, on the way home she met three drunken men. You know what?

A : Of course, I don’t know. You saw the film, I didn’t!

B : Ha..ha.. ha.. you look so funny in such an expression. Okay, let me continue.
These three men raped her brutally.

A : Oh my ….. ! Poor girl!

B : And then, they killed the girl cruelly and threw her body into some bushes.

A : Really? Oh, damn them!

B : After that the girl’s soul, of course, could not rest peacefully and turned into a

A : Oh, that’s scary. Look, the hair on my neck is standing up.

B : Don’t be afraid, buddy. At the end of the story, the ghost took revenge on them.

A : Well, it served them right after all.

Expressing scared:

- I’m scared. - The sight terrified me so much.

- You scare me. - I can’t forget that terrible experience.

- It’s frightening. - The fear is creeping into my heart.

- It’s horrible.


Part A. Think about it. Listen to the following text.

Why do mosquitoes buzz?

To begin with the story, let me tell you that a long time ago, mosquitoes didn't buzz, they
talked and talked. Then one day when one of them talked to an iguana and didn't let the
iguana say one word. The iguana just grumbled and waved her tail until she forgot to say,
'Hello” to her friend a snake. After that, everything was in a mess. The snake was so
angry that he made a rabbit, a monkey, a crow, and an owl get frightened. Finally, the
whole jungle was mad at the mosquito and cried for the sun to come up and when it did,
the mosquito lost his voice.

Part C. Second Challenge. Listen to the story of Antony and Cleopatra. Then, rearrange
these sentences according to their sequence in the story and answer the questions.

Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, was known throughout the ancient world for her beauty and
intelligence. Every man would fall in love with her. Antony, who with two others ruled
Rome after the death of Julius Caesar, went to the East to meet Cleopatra and discover
she was plotting against Rome.

When Antony reached Egypt and saw Cleopatra for the first time, he was fascinated with
her beauty and fell in love with her; he completely forgot his purpose there.

Antony stayed in Egypt enjoying the lazy and luxurious life with Cleopatra. Cleopatra
was very happy. She asked him to live in Egypt forever.

Meanwhile, Anthony’s fellow ruler in Rome, Octavius was angry to hear that Antony
spent his time in merry-making in Egypt while Rome was threatened by its enemy,
Pompey. So, he arranged a marriage between her sister, Octavia and Anthony for political
reasons and restored the friendship.
Although Antony treated his wife with great kindness and respect, he longed for
Cleopatra in Egypt. In fact, he knew that Octavius was ambitious and wanted to be a
single ruler in Rome. At last Antony went back to Egypt and joined with Cleopatra
against Rome.

This time Octavius could not tolerate Antony so he sent his army to Actium to fight
Antony and Cleopatra's army. The battle was so fierce that Antony and Cleopatra lost
their armies.

Feeling ashamed of being dishonored, Antony took his own life using his own sword.
Cleopatra was speechless with grief. She couldn’t go on living without Antony. She told
her servants to bring her two poisonous snakes. And so, dressed in a queen, she prepared
for her death. On her throat and her arm she placed two snakes which bite and killed her

Part D. Third Challenge. Listen to the following story. Complete the text and answer the

Why do Hawks Hunt Chicks?

Situation: Ita saw a mother hen quickly gathering its chicks under its wings. Then, Ita
looked up and saw a hawk flying up in the sky.

A : Mother, why don’t hawks leave chickens alone?

B : Hmm….. It’s a long story, Ita.

A : Oh, please, Mum, tell me. I’m curious.

B : All right….all right. Don’t behave like a five-year old child, okay?

A : Okay. Now, what’s the story?

B : Well, this is the story. Long, long time ago, a hawk fell in love with a hen. The
hawk flew down from the sky and asked the hen,”Will you marry me?” You
know what? The hen loved the brave, strong hawk in return and wished to
marry him. But she said,” I cannot fly as high as you can. If you give me time, I
may learn to fly as high as you. Then, we can fly together.”

The hawk agreed. Before he went away, he gave the hen a ring. ”This is to show
that you have promised to marry me,” said the hawk. It so happened that the hen
already promised to marry a rooster. So, when the rooster saw the ring, he
became very angry. “Throw that ring away at once!” shouted the rooster. The
hen was so frightened at the rooster’s anger that she threw away the ring

When the hawk came a few months later, the hen told him that the truth. The
hawk was so furious that he cursed the hen. “Why didn’t you tell me earlier?
Now, you’ll always be scratching the earth, and I’ll be always be flying above
to catch your children.” said the hawk.

A : The curse seems to have come true, doesn’t it? Thanks for the story, Mum.

Part G. Sixth Challenge. Listen to the story of Anne Boleyn. While listening, fill in the
blanks with the words you hear. Then, do the following task.

Anne Boleyn

During the reign of King Henry VIII of England in 1522, Anne Boleyn, the daughter of
Sir Thomas Boleyn and a niece of the Duke of Norfolk, returned to England from France
where she spent her childhood. She became the Lady-in waiting into the service of
Catherine of Aragon, King Henry VIII’s first wife.

She soon caught the eyes of the King. The King tried to make Anne his mistress but Anne
refused it. Her sister, Mary Boleyn had been the king’s mistress and gained little from it
but a scandal. She demanded that the King marry her. She waited nearly seven years for
Henry to obtain an annulment of his marriage with Catherine of Aragon. In 1532 Henry
VIII and Catherine divorced. It finally took an unavoidable breaking with the Pope in
Rome before they wed in the mid of September in 1533.

A year later Anne was pregnant, but she was unable to give the King the son he
desperately needed for an heir. The King was so disappointed. Their marriage ended
tragically for Anne. She was accused of witchcraft, incest and adultery. On May 19th,
1536 she was beheaded at the Tower of London. Ten days after her death, King Henry
married to Lady Jane Seymour who was able to give the king a son, Prince Edward. But
this didn’t last long. The young prince died young. Elisabeth, the daughter of Anne and
Henry VIII became England’s greatest queen.
Unit 3


Part B. Active Listening. Listen to the following text. Fill in the blank spaces with the
words you hear. Then, answer the questions.

Cars Should be Banned from Cities

Cars should be banned from the city. As we all know, cars create pollution, and cause a
lot of road deaths and other accidents.

Firstly, cars, as well as we know, contribute to most of the pollution in the world. Cars
emit a deadly gas that causes illness such as bronchitis, lung cancers and “triggers” of
asthma. Some of these illnesses are so bad that people can die from them.

Secondly, a city is very busy. Pedestrians wander everywhere and cars commonly hit
pedestrians in a city, which causes them to die. Cars, today, are the biggest killers on

In conclusion, cars should be banned from a city for the reasons listed above.

Say It Right

asthma create

bronchitis death

concentrate pedestrian



Ways to say it: Expressing opinions

Asking other people's opinions:

What do you think of .... - Do you have any idea?

- Is that true that .... - How do you like …..?

- Do you think it’s going … - Please give me your frank opinion.

- Why do they behave like that? - What’s your opinion?

Expressing opinions:

- In my opinion, ….. - I feel ....

- I personally believe ….. - I am certain, sure, positive, convinced.

- I personally think….. - I agree

- I personally feel ….. - I disagree

- Not everyone will agree with me, but …. - It seems that ....

- To my mind …. - Well, personally ….

- From my point of view….. - If I had my way, I would ….

- As I see it - What I’m more concerned with is …..

- I think .... - In my case ....

- I believe...... - Absolutely.

Expressing agreement and disagreement

Saying that you agree:

- Yes, I agree with you. - I absolutely agree.

- I'm sure you're right. - That's exactly what I think.

- That's right (quite true). - Yes, I suppose so.

- I think so too. - I don't have any objections.

Saying that you don't agree:

- We will never agree. - I think that's nonsense.

- Not at all/Not really. - I see your point, but ...

- I disagree. - Yes, maybe, but ....

- I don't entirely agree with .... - I don't think so.

- You may be right, but .... - I don't agree with you.

- Do you think so? - I'm not sure I agree with you.

- I see what you mean, but .... - I don't like the idea.

- To some extent, yes, but ....

Making a conclusion:

- In conclusion, we state that .... - On the whole, we state that ....

- Therefore, we state that - From the statement we can conclude ....

- To conclude, we state that .... - On this basis, we agree that ....


Ways to say it: Expressing satisfaction and dissatisfaction

Asking about satisfaction and dissatisfaction:

- How do you like your room? - Did you find our service satisfactory?

- Is everything O.K.? - Do you want to complain about something?

- Is everything satisfactory? - Was something not to your satisfaction?

- Are you satisfied? - Are you dissatisfied with something?

Expressing satisfaction:

- I really like my new haircut.

- I'm completely satisfied with everything you've done for me.

- It was satisfactory.
- Everything is fine, thank you.

- Everything was just perfect.

- I'm happy enough with it.

- It was okay. Not too bad.

- Good enough.

Expressing dissatisfaction:

- I see. - I'll see what I can do about it.

- I'm sorry to hear that. - I'll try and take care of it.

- I'll look into it.

Responding to dissatisfaction:

- I see. - I'll see what I can do about it.

- I'm sorry to hear that. - I'll try and take care of it.

- I'll look into it.

Part G. Sixth Challenge. Listen to the following interview. While listening, complete the
blanks. Then, answer the questions.

A : Hey guys! Nice to see you again. Welcome back in the “Young Learners”
Program. I’m Lala, your host. Guys, this time I’d like to interview a high school
student, named Melissa. Good morning, Melissa.

B : Good morning, Lala.

A : Well, guys. In this occasion we will be talking about an interesting topic. Guess
what it is…..uhuh…….it’s HOMEWORK! Okay, Melissa do your teachers
always give you homework to do at home ?

B : Most of the time.

A : Hm….really ? How do you feel about it? Is it effective or ineffective?

B : Well, I personally think that homework is ineffective in developing student's

A : Oh, that surprises me. Tell me about that.

B : Well, in the first place, homework is a waste of time, because you’re just
forced to complete tasks that you already know how to do.

A : Now, that’s an interesting point. And then?

B : Hmm….secondly, homework is ineffective because the tasks you do involve

more memory than discovery. Most of the tasks you do are just repetition and
therefore you don’t discover or learn anything.

A : Really?

B : Moreover, I would say that homework is inefficient because when most kids
come home from school they’re usually tired from all the work that they have
done during the day and they probably won’t produce their best work for the

A : Okay, Melissa. So, what is your conclusion then?

B : My conclusion is that homework is ineffective and is not the best way to

develop students’ skills.

A : Guys, those are Melissa’s opinion about homework. Now, let’s see what others
say about homework. Well, thank you Melissa. See you.
Unit 4

Part B. Active Listening. Listen to the following story. Does each picture match with the
story? Put a tick beside the correct statements.

Today, I'd like to tell you a legend from West Java. The title is Situ Bagendit. Well, listen

Once upon a time in Pasundan land, Garut, West Java, there lived a young rich widow.
She lived in a very beautiful large house in a village near Mount Situ Patenggang. This
young widow lived alone. Although her wealth was plentiful, she didn't have any friends
at all. You know why? Because she was a miser. She never helped other poor people in
her village, so people in the village named her Bagendit. It means a wealthy miser. And
you know what she did? She mocked and scorned other people who came to her house
for a help. What happened then?

One day, an old man came to her house. He wanted to get some water from Bagendit's
well. When he was trying to get a pail of water, Bagendit came out of the house and hit
the old man with a pounder. She beat up the man cruelly many times. Then, something
amazing happened. The old man got up steadily. He walked closer to Bagendit and
pointed his cane to her face.

“Let God curse you, woman! For you are evil and ruthless!” rebuked the man sharply.

Do you know what happened after that? Suddenly the water from the well gushed out
violently and in a sudden the water flooded over the village. Bagendit and her beautiful
house were drowned in the water.

The village disappeared and nothing was left. There was only a wide and deep lake and
people called it Situ Bagendit. It means the Lake of Bagendit. Well, that's the story.

Say It Right

legend scorned

wealth widow

miser cruelly

Part C. Enjoy This. Read and listen to the following conversation. Pay attention to the
intonation used in the conversation. Then, answer the questions.

Situation : Putri was looking for an idea to make a summary of a folk tale.

She met Pingkan in the library.

Pingkan: Hey, What’s up? Why are you looking so sad? Tell me your problem.

Putri: Well, my teacher gave me an assignment to make a summary of a folk tale. But I
didn’t get any idea at all. I’m confused.

Pingkan Hey, cheer up! I read a folk tale last week. It’s a legend from Java.

Putri: Oh, did you? What’s the title?

Pingkan: Uhm….. let me remember it for a moment.. Uhm … yeah, I remember it now.
It was “Keong Mas”.

Putri: Really? Tell me the story, then.

Pingkan : Okay, the story is about Princess Galuh Candra Kirana of Daha Kingdom who
was engaged to Raden Inu Kertapati, the crown prince of Kahuripan Kingdom. Their
wedding almost failed because of Galuh Ajeng’s jealousy. Galuh Ajeng was
GaluhCandra Kirana’s sister.

Putri: I guess I know why she was jealous. She loved the prince and wanted to marry
him. Am I right?

Pingkan : A hundred percent correct. You know what? She, then planned to jeopardize
the wedding.

Putri: How did she do it?

Pingkan : Well, she went to an evil witch. She ordered her to harm Galuh Candra Kirana
with her evil withcraft spells.

Putri: Did it work?

Pingkan : Yes, it did. Galuh Candra Kirana suddenly fell ill and all her body suffered
from boils. She smelled very bad. Her father was very ashamed of her and got rid of her
from the palace.

Putri: How unfortunate for her!

Pingkan : So, she went into the forest and the spell continued to work. She suddenly
changed into a golden snail (Keong Mas) and was stranded in the Dadapan forest. There
she met an old poor woman. The woman kept the snail in her big earthen jar.

Putri : How lucky the snail was. Well, go on.

Pingkan : The next day, something happened. The woman found nothing in forest for
her dinner. So she went home sadly. You know what, to her surprise, there were delicious
meals on her dinning table. This happened for several days.

Putri : She must have wondered where the food came from.

Pingkan: You bet! So to cut a long story, the woman pretended to go into the forest but
on the way she returned home. She found Princess Galuh Candra Kirana preparing meals
for her. She felt sorry for her and prayed to God to help Galuh Candra Kirana.

Putri : Didn’t Raden Kerta Ibnu do something?

Pingkan : Of course, he did. At the end of the story, he met again with Galuh Candra
Kirana. They got married and lived in Kahuripan Kingdom.

Putri: Well, at least the story has a happy ending. Thanks a lot, Pingkan. It has really
inspired me.

Pingkan: That’s what friends are for.

Get It Right

Ways to say it: Expressing love

In narrative there are many expressions used to express feeling. This is an example of
expressing love spoken by Antony to Cleopatra.

Cleopatra : Oh, my dearest Antony. How could you marry such a woman like Octavia.
You said you loved me. Oh, How dare you! How deep is your love to me?

Antony : My sweetest queen, there’s a beggary in the love that can be reckoned.
Expressing Love:

- I love you. - Words fail to convey how much I love you.

- I love you too. - My love will never cease till the end of time

- I really love you and I will always do - I’ll never stop loving you.

- I truly love you endlessly

- There’s nothing that compares with my love for you.

Part B. Enjoy This. Listen to the following quotations. Then match the people to what
they say about love.

Anonymous said that when you are in love, never stop thinking of someone you love.

Aristotle said that love is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies.

Sean Bawden said that love is hard to get into, but harder to get out of.

Flavia Weedn said, “I truly love you endlessly. Everyday without you is like a book
without pages. I love you, I will always do for the rest of our earthly and heavenly life.”

Ways to say it: Expressing sorrow and attention

This is a part of Cleopatra’s act in Shakespeare’s play. Read this carefully and say it
again in a simple sentence.

“Come, thou mortal wretch with thy sharp teeth

This knot in frigate of life at once untie”

Expressing sorrow:

- She was overwhelmed by her sorrow. - It brought me a lot of miseries.

- My heart is so burdened. - I’m so sad to hear it.

- I can’t tell my pain and sorrow in - I’m feeling bad at this time.
Expressing attention:

- Oh, really? - Why not?

- It’s amazing - What about her step-mother?

- Is he? (Did he?, Was she?, etc.) - How lucky he is.

- Oh, poor creature! - Well, go on.

- What a poor girl she is! - What happened then?


Part C. Second Challenge. Listen to the following story. Then, answer the questions.
Choose True (T) or False (F).

Situation: A teacher is telling her students a folk tale. She is showing a picture on the

T : Can anybody tell me this picture? What’s this picture about?

S : Yes, ma'am. The picture is about a strong man lifting uhm... the door of a gate,if
I’m not mistaken.

T : Correct. Good student.

S : What a strong man he is. What’s his name, ma'am?

T : His name was Joko Tole.

S : That sounds funny!

T : Students, have you heard the story of Joko Tole?

S : Not yet, ma'am. Would you like to tell us the story?.

T : All right. Here is the story.In the Kingdom of Majapahit, there was a young
strong man. He was from Madura. His name was Joko Tole. He was so famous for his
strength that the king admired him and often gave him a lot of gifts. And this made
several officials feel jealous of him. So, they slandered Joko Tole. They told that Joko
Tole planned to rebel against the king.
S : Did the King believe that?

T : Well, fortunately, the king was a wise man. He made a test for Joko Tole. He
asked Joko Tole to marry his blind daughter. And Joko Tole agreed to marry her. The
King nodded and smiled happily.

S : He must have been faithful to the King.

T : In fact he was. Then, a few days later there was a great wedding celebration in
the kingdom. Joko Tole married Dewi Ratnadi, the King’s daughter. After the wedding
was over, the new married couple asked the King’s permission to go to Sumenep in
Madura. The king permitted them. So Joko Tole and his wife left Majapahit for Madura.
During the journey, Joko Tole cared for his wife very much. He always guided her

S : What a guy! I wish someday I met a man like him.

T : In short, they arrived in Madura safely. Madura was a dry land. Dewi Ratnadi
wanted to take a bath after a long journey, but there was no water.

S : How unlucky she is.

T : Yes. Joko Tole took his wife’s cane and stabbed it into the ground. After a
while, he pulled the cane out and suddenly, water gushed out from the hole. The water
splashed out onto Dewi Ratnadi’s face. You know what happened then? Suddenly,
DewiRatnadi can see again!!

S : Wow, that’s a miracle!

T : It’s true. You know, until now people call the place of the spring “Soca”.It
means “eyes”.

S : So what’s the end?

T : Well, they lived happily ever after in Sumenep and the people of Sumenep and
the people of Sumenep were also very happy.
Unit 5

Part B. Active Listening. Listen to a story about a schoolboy, named Michael. Complete
the missing words. Then, answer the questions.

Okay students. Listen to me. I have a good story. The story is about a boy named
Michael. He was ten years old. He was not a very good pupil. Why? Because he didn’t
like doing his homework. What did he like then? Oh, he liked playing in his leisure time.
He liked football very much. Do you know why he didn’t like doing his homework?
Because he always made a lot of mistakes when he did it.

Well, one day, his mathematics teacher looked at Michael’s homework and found
that all his homework was correct. Wow, that’s a good job! Of course students, the
teacher was very pleased and surprised. So, he called Michael to his office and said to
him, “Michael, you’ve got all your homework right this time. You’re doing great. Well
done, Michael. Did your father help you?”

“No, sir” Michael said, “Usually my father did it for me. But last night he was
very busy. He had a meeting. So, he couldn’t do my homework. Then, I had to do it by

Say It Right

chemistry geography

biology history

physics homework



Ways to say it: Expressing embarrassment and anger

Expressing embarrassment:

- It really makes me ashamed. - How embarrassing.

- I was so ashamed. - Tell me it never happened.

- I was very embarrassed. - Tell me it didn't happen.

- I was so embarrassed.
Asking if someone is angry:

- What's the matter? - Did I insult you?

- What happened? - Are you angry about something?

- What do you look so insulted about? - Are you angry with me?

- Why are you acting so insulted? - What are you so angry about?

Expressing anger:

- Well, I've never been so insulted in my life. - You, turkey!

- Who are you to say such a thing to me? - You're getting me angry.

- Aren't you the pot calling the kettle black? - I'm starting to get angry..1..2..3..

- What do you mean I did a terrible job? - Are you trying to get me angry?

- Are you trying to tell me I'm not good enough for you? - You burn me up!

- Oh, hell!

Calming someone down:

- Relax. - Maybe you're a little too sensitive about.

- Take it slow. - Don't be so touchy.

- Take it easy. - Don't be angry with me.

- Calm down. - Temper, temper.

- Control yourself. - Let's try to hold our temper.

- Don't be such a worrywart. - Don't get hot under the collar.

- Don't trouble yourself. - Getting angry won't help.

- Don't let it bother you.

Part C. Active Listening. Say whether these sentences have rising (R) or falling (F)

1. Is Mr. Schimdt German? 6. What do you do?

2. Could you tell me your phone number? 7. When were you born?

3. Do you like swimming? 8. Linda is an architect.

4. Is Ardian an engineer? 9. The house is in front of the hospital.

5. Where about in India do you live? 10. Are you talking on the phone?


Part B. First Challenge. Listen to the following monolog. While listening, complete the
text. Then, answer the questions.

Green, Pink and Yellow

Can you name the colors in English?Yes, you’re right. Blue, red, yellow and so on. By
the way, I have a funny story about the colors. Do you want to hear it? Okay, listen to me

One day, an English teacher was explaining about colors to his students. After he
had finished explaining, he asked his students “Who can make a sentence using the words
green, pink and yellow?”

James, the smartest student in the class, quickly raised his hand and answered,
”When the yellow morning sun comes, I see a beautiful girl wearing a pink blouse
walking through the green grass”.

“Excellent! James, you are a very good student.” praised the teacher.

“Me, me, sir” Johny, the naughtiest student in the class said while raising his
hand. And then he said, “I heard the telephone ringing, then I pink up the
receiver and I said, “Yellow,who’s speaking there?”
Unit 6

Part B. Active Listening. Listen to the cassette. Then, answer the questions.You will hear
a radio presenter taking calls during a segment of ‘BEAUTIFUL WORLD’. Two senior
high school students, Sarah and Tuti call to talk about ‘Quitting litter-bug habits’

A : It’s ten to three and it’s time for our special program today ‘Beautiful World’….. !!
Hello, everybody, I’m Ketut Sutiono. I’ll be your host for about 15 minutes ahead and
now we already have two senior high school students, Sarah and Tuti on the line ready
to debate about our topic of the day: ‘Quashing litter-bug habits.’ If you do care to your
environment, please join the show by sending SMS to us. All you have to do is to type
B-W space Sarah, S-A-R-A-H, or B-W space Tuti, T-U-T-I, and send it to 1313.
Remember, tomorrow, at the end of the segment we will give a cool gift for the luckiest
listener. Okay, back to our topic today: Quashing litter-bug habits. Listeners, the
problem of littering reflects a lack of responsibility on all sides. Although heavy penalty
has already been arranged under government regulation, many people still drop broken
bottles or empty cans in public places, like parks or streets, even in the river. It’s always
interesting to know how the youth are concerned about social problems like littering.
First on the line is Sarah. Hello. Thank you for being part of our program. Please tell us
what do you think of this bad habit?

B : I am against this bad habit 100%. I personally believe that throwing litter on the
ground is a very bad habit. Everybody knows that. However, many people do it. I think
that’s because they don’t care about a clean and healthy environment. I would say that
these kinds of people are really really selfish. I mean, don’t they realize the effect of
throwing litter carelessly. And …

A : Okay Sarah, hold on one second. Now the question is: ‘What is your suggestion or
advice for these people’s bad habits?’

B : Well, honestly, I don’t have anything to say to such people who don’t have awareness
to their environment. Maybe we should just let them do whatever they want but when
there are disasters like floods or disease, don’t help them!

A : Well, well, well .… I don’t know how to comment on that. How about you listeners,
are you going to support Sarah’s opinion? If you do, send your SMS to 1313. And
now, our next participant is Tuti. Hello Tuti… sorry, you’ve been holding on very
patiently. Do you have any different opinion about this bad habit?

C : Honestly, I always feel so bad every time I see people throwing litter on the ground
instead of intothe litter bin. Don’t they understand that this bad habit is a dangerous
thing? If we step on a banana skin, for example, we can slip and fall down and get
injured. And the worst thing of throwing litter carelessly is that our environment will
get dirty and the air will full of bad odors. Really, it isn’t good at all.
A : I agree with you, Tuti. So, what’s your suggestion to overcome this bad habit?

C : It’s so simple, Mr. Ketut. I believe that we must start it from our homes. We have to
clean our gardens and also keep our neighborhood clean.

A : All right, Tuti. Now dearest listeners, are you going to support Tuti’s or Sarah’s
opinion? It’s all up to you, dearest listeners. Just send your SMS as many as possible.
And the luckiest listener will be announced tomorrow at the same time and the same
program here in ‘Beautiful World’. So don’t miss it, okay. And thank you very much,
Sarah, Tuti. All in all, time’s up. I’m Ketut Sutiono sign out. Bye.



Ways to say it: Expressing attitudes

Expressing justification:

- That's why .... - To be honest ...

- Besides .... - The reason why ....

- Beause .... - What I'm saying is ....

- What I mean is .... - So ....

- You see ....

Expressing thinking expressions:

- Now, let me think .... - I'll have to think about that.

- It's difficult to say exactly, but .... - The best way I can answer this is ....

- That's an interesting question. - Let me see ....

Expressing speculation:

- Maybe .... - Perhaps ....

- I guess .... - It's quite possible that ....

- I suppose .....
Expressing agreement:

- I agree. - Certainly.

- I know what you mean. - O.K. with me.

- I think so too. - Fine with me.

- That's for sure. - I agree to do so.

- Right.

Expressing disagreement:

- I'm against this idea. - I can't agree to that.

- I don't agree. - I refuse.

- I don't think so. - No way.

- I'm not sure. - No deal.

- I find I can't agree with you.

Ways to say it: Expressing annoyance

- I need a break. - Oh, dear!

- I'm losing my mind. - What a nuisance.

- I'm a bundle of nerves. - How irritating.

- I can't take it anymore. - I'm very annoyed.

- Gosh, what is this? - It really makes me angry.

- I'm so scared. - It annoys me.

- I was terrified. - It irritates me.

- You frightened me. - I really hate ...

- I'm frightened. - What an idiot.

- Oh, no! - I'm fed up with ....

Reducing someone's annoyance:

- Relax. - Don't be such a worrywart.

- Take it slow. - Don't be scared.

- Take it easy. - Don't trouble yourself.

- Calm down. - Don't be frightened.

- Control yourself.

Part C. Enjoy This. Listen to the following conversation between a daughter and her
mother. While listening, complete the text below. Then, answer the questions.

A : Morning, Mom, look here. Yes page 5, column 1. Read it carefully, Mom.

B : Morning, dear. Good news? Okay, let me see. You mean “ Tap water should be free of
charge.” It’s good news, isn’t it?

A : Read the issue more closely Mom.

B : Mm…The tap water rate increase, one of the automatic increases will take place every
six months for the next five years. The city administration says the money collected
from the increase will be used to pay an outstanding debt of 938 billion rupiahs to its
foreign water company partner. Oh, dear. I can understand an increase in fuel and gas
prices, but water is supposed to be subsidized by the government.

A : It annoys me too, Mom. I have been thinking about the impact of the water rate hike. I
realize it depends on who’s using it. But as far as I know most of the users are low-
income families, who are already suffering from the recent fuel and gas price hike.

B : Maybe, it is because Jakartans are mostly business people, ranging from street vendors
to tycoons and you know dear, they use large amount of water.

A : Well, you’re right but still I think that the government should provide water for free
because it is a public resource. If the tap water rate increase is a must, I hope that the
increase will improve service.

B : Oh, I think I can’t stand it anymore. How can we manage our life with our same
amount of salary?

A : Okay, Mom, but don’t be so scared. You still have me.

B : Oh, thank you dear. Okay, let’s enjoy our breakfast.


Part C. Second Challenge. Listen to the cassette. Fill in the blanks. Then, answer the

Crime in Cities

Crime is a serious problem in big cities and it is getting worse every year. This is what
police departments around the country said in their reports last week. The subways and
streets are more dangerous. You may not even be safe in your own houses.

Why is the problem so serious now? This is not an easy question to answer. There may
not be a single answer. Many problems together seem to make cities so dangerous from
time to time.

One more of the problems is money. To fight crime a city needs police officers, cars, and
guns. These cost a lot of money. But right now cities do not have much extra money. So,
there are not enough police officers, cars and guns for the cities.

Another problem is drugs. Crime studies have shown that many criminals use and sell
drugs. After they start taking drugs, they want to have more. However, drugs are very
expensive. So, these people have to sell drugs to other people to make money or they may
steal money to get more drugs.

There is an even more important cause of crime. Cities have rich and poor
neighborhoods. In the poor neighborhoods, jobs are hard to find. Many young people
don’t have much hope for a better life. They only know one way to make a better living
for themselves, that way is to sell drugs or steal. So, some of these young people have
become criminals.

It is not going to be easy to change these crime problems. We must first change many of
laws about drugs. We must change the way cities spend their money. Until then, the
crime problem will not go away and we will live our lives in fear.