You are on page 1of 25

Nokia WCDMA RAN System, Rel.

RAS06, Pre-Release
Documentation

HSPA Layering for UEs in Common


Channels

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined
in the introduction of this documentation. This document is not an official customer document and Nokia
Networks does not take responsibility for any errors or omissions in this document. No part of it may be
reproduced or transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia Networks.
The document has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the
customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia Networks welcomes customer comments as
part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation.
The information or statements given in this document concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of
the mentioned hardware or software products cannot be considered binding but shall be defined in the
agreement made between Nokia Networks and the customer.
Nokia Networks WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENT OR
FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL (INCLUDING MONETARY LOSSES), that
might arise from the use of this document or the information in it. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL
NOKIA BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR INCOME, COST OF PROCUREMENT
OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES, PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR ANY
SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES HOWSOEVER
CAUSED.
THE CONTENTS OF THIS DOCUMENT ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". EXCEPT AS REQUIRED BY
APPLICABLE MANDATORY LAW, NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT, ARE MADE IN RELATION TO THE
ACCURACY, RELIABILITY OR CONTENTS OF THIS DOCUMENT. NOKIA RESERVES THE RIGHT TO
REVISE THIS DOCUMENT OR WITHDRAW IT AT ANY TIME WITHOUT PRIOR NOTICE.
This document and the product it describes are considered protected by copyright according to the
applicable laws.
NOKIA and Nokia Connecting People are registered trademarks of Nokia Corporation. Other product names
mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective companies, and they are mentioned for
identification purposes only.
Copyright Nokia Corporation 2007. All rights reserved. Reproduction, transfer, distribution or storage of
part or all of the contents in this document in any form without the prior written permission of Nokia is
prohibited.
Nokia Proprietary and Confidential
2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Short feature description


This feature transfers UEs to correct layer based on their HSDPA and HSUPA
capability.
Non-HSDPA UEs are transferred to the non-HSDPA layer.
HSDPA capable UEs are transferred to the layer that supports HSDPA.
HSUPA capable UEs are transferred to layer that supports HSUPA.
If there are several HSDPA, HSUPA or non-HSDPA layers, load balancing is utilized.

The transfer occurs in


RRC connection setup phase (Directed RRC connection setup for HSDPA layer)
State transition from Cell_FACH to Cell_DCH.

This feature also covers enhancements to the Directed RRC Connection Setup
for HSDPA Layer feature.

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Operator benefits
The feature greatly enhances two (or several) layer operation with HSDPA and
HSUPA. Choosing the correct layer for the UE on each transition to Cell_DCH
guarantees correct layer based on the UE capability on all practical mobility
scenarios.
When several layers support HSPA, the feature chooses the layer in an optimal
manner based on expected DL throughput on each HSPA layer.

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Main functionality
Contents:
1. Introduction
2. Signalling
3. Decision making is based on

UE capability in decision making


The service which UE is going to use in decision making

4. Decision making in RRC connection setup phase

Directed RRC connection setup in non-HSPA layer


Directed RRC connection setup in HSDPA/HSPA layer

5. Decision making in state transition Cell_FACH -> Cell_DCH phase

State transition Cell_FACH -> Cell_DCH in non-HSPA layer


State transition Cell_FACH -> Cell_DCH in HSDPA/HSPA layer

6. HSDPA load balancing


7. Interworking with Directed RRC connection setup feature
Nokia Proprietary and Confidential
2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Introduction

Feature consist of

Enhancement of Directed RRC connection setup for HSDPA layer

The service indicated by UE in RRC connection request is taken into account

More than 2 layers are supported

Target cell load checking and HSDPA load balancing

Simultaneous use of Directed RRC Connection Setup and Directed RRC Connection
Setup for HSDPA layer is supported

UE capability indication IE (coming in RRC Connection Request message) is used in


decision making for Rel-6 and onwards UEs.

Moving UE to correct layer in state transition Cell_FACH -> Cell_DCH phase

Feature works inside BTS between cell which has same Sector ID. (Also
Transmission power of primary CPICH (PtxPrimaryCPICH) and Offset of the PCPICH, reference service powers (CPICHtoRefRABoffset) and PLMN code
(MCC + MNC) needs to be identical.)

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Signalling
Directed RRC connection set up for HSDPA
layer (successful case signalling not
changed from RAN05)

HSPA layering for UEs in common channels


UE

RNC

BTS

UE is in CELL_FACH or CELL_PCH state

DL capacity need is detected by MAC or


RAB Assignment Request from CS core

(AND/OR)

UL capacity need is
detected by MAC
RRC:Measurement Report

Frequency layer / cell selection


and capacity allocation
NBAP Radio Link Setup procedure

RLC parameters need


to be changed
RRC:Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (Frequency Info)
UE moves to CELL_DCH state
and to new frequency
RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete

UE is in CELL_DCH state

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Decision making is based on


UE capability
Cell capabilities (non-HSDPA, HSDPA or HSPA)
The service which UE is going to use
Load balancing is utilized.
Source and target cell load is taken into account
Measured Non-HSPA load in a cell
Measured HSDPA load in a cell
Number of HSDPA and HSUPA users in a cell
CellWeightForHSDPALayering (operator parameter)

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

UE capability in decision making


Directed RRC connection set up for HSDPA
layer

HSPA layering for UEs in common channels

UE capability is interpret from the


information UE sends in RRC Connection
Request

When UE is either in Cell_FACH or


Cell_PCH state RNC has already
information of UE HSDPA and HSUPA
capability.

access stratum release indicator IE


(indicates the release that UE
supports) (Used already in RAS05)
UE capability indication IE (indicates
the HSDPA and HSUPA capability of
Release 6 and onwards UEs)

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

The service which UE is going to use in decision


making
Directed RRC connection set up for HSDPA
layer

HSPA layering for UEs in common channels

Establishment cause IE in RRC


connection Request (indicates what kind
of service UE is expected to be use).

If PS service is started DL/UL capacity


need is detected by MAC layer or
Measurement Report from UE is
received.

DRRCForHSDPALayerServices is
operator parameter. Operator can define
which services (indicated in Establishment
cause IE) it wants to direct to HSPA layer.

If CS service is started RAB Assignment


Request is received from CS core.
ServicesToHSDPALayer is operator
parameter. Operator can define if only PS
RABs or all RABs are directed to HSDPA
layer.

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Decision making in RRC connection setup phase

A cell which HSPA capability is identical with UE HSPA capability is selected if


possible.

Establishment cause sent by UE needs to be activated in


DRRCForHSDPALayerServices in the case the target cell supports HSDPA.
Target cell load should not be too high

R99 and Rel-4 UE -> non HSDPA cell


Rel5 UE -> HSDPA cell
Rel-6 and newer non-HSDPA UE -> non HSDPA cell
Rel-6 and newer HSDPA UE -> HSDPA cell
Rel-6 and newer HSDPA&HSUPA UE -> HSDPA&HSUPA cell

HSDPA target cell Maximum number of HSDPA users not reached.


Non-HSDPA target cell Directed RRC connection setup triggers not reached.

If several identical HSDPA candidate cells exist a cell with best available
HSDPA power per user is selected. (HSDPA load balancing)

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Directed RRC connection setup in non-HSPA layer


UE reporting Rel-6
HSDPA & HSUPA capability

Decision making
1. UE HSPA capability = cell HSPA
capability (f1)

UE reporting Rel5 or
Rel-6 & HSDPA capability

f3, HSDPA&HSUPA
Any other UE

A Yes -> current layer (f1)


B&C No -> f2 & f3

2. Establishment cause =
DRRCForHSDPALayerServices
f2, HSDPA

B&C No -> current layer (f1)


B&C Yes -> f2 & f3

3. UE HSPA capability = target cell


HSPA capability (f2 & f3)
B -> f2 & f3
C -> f3

C
B

f1, R99

4. Better available HSDPA


throughput
B -> f2 or f3

A
Nokia Proprietary and Confidential
2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Directed RRC connection setup in HSDPA/HSPA layer


UE reporting Rel-6
HSDPA & HSUPA capability

Decision making
1. UE HSDPA capability = cell HSDPA
capability (f2/f3)

UE reporting Rel5 or
Rel-6 & HSDPA capability

A
Any other UE

f3, HSDPA&HSUPA

No -> f1

B&C No -> f2 & f3

2. Establishment cause =
DRRCForHSDPALayerServices

B&C No -> current layer (f2/f3)


B&C Yes -> f2 & f3

f2, HSDPA

3. UE HSUPA capability = cell HSUPA


capability (f2 & f3)
B -> f2 & f3

C -> f3

f1, R99

4. Better available HSDPA throughput (for


interactive and background
Establishment cause)
B -> f2 or f3

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Decision making in state transition Cell_FACH ->


Cell_DCH phase

A cell which HSPA capability is identical with UE HSPA capability is selected if


possible.

non-HSDPA UE -> non HSDPA cell

HSDPA UE -> HSDPA cell

HSDPA&HSUPA UE -> HSDPA&HSUPA cell

RAB type needs to be activated in ServicesToHSDPALayer (PS, any type of


service) in the case the target cell supports HSDPA.

Target cell load should not be too high

HSDPA target cell Maximum number of HSDPA users not reached.

Non-HSDPA target cell Directed RRC connection setup triggers not reached.

If several identical HSDPA candidate cells exist a cell with best available
HSDPA power per user is selected. (HSDPA load balancing)

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

State transition Cell_FACH -> Cell_DCH in non-HSPA


layer
UE reporting Rel-6
HSDPA & HSUPA
capability
UE reporting Rel5 or
Rel-6 & HSDPA capability

Decision making
1. UE HSPA capability = cell HSPA
capability (f1)
f3, HSDPA&HSUPA

A Yes -> current layer (f1)


B&C No -> f2 & f3

Any other UE

2. RAB type =
ServicesToHSDPALayer
f2, HSDPA

B&C No -> current layer (f1)


B&C Yes -> f2 & f3

3. UE HSPA capability = target cell


HSPA capability (f2 & f3)

B -> f2 & f3

f1, R99

C -> f3

4. Better available HSDPA


throughput
B -> f2 or f3

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

State transition Cell_FACH -> Cell_DCH in


HSDPA/HSPA layer
Decision making
1. UE HSDPA capability = cell
HSDPA capability (f2/f3)

UE reporting Rel-6
HSDPA & HSUPA capability
UE reporting Rel5 or
Rel-6 & HSDPA capability

A No -> f1
B&C No -> f2 & f3

Any other UE

f3, HSDPA&HSUPA

f2, HSDPA

2. RAB type = interactive or


background
B&C No -> current layer (f2/f3)
B&C Yes -> f2 & f3

3. UE HSUPA capability = cell


HSUPA capability (f2 & f3)
B -> f2 & f3
C -> f3

B
f1, R99

4. Better available HSDPA


throughput
B -> f2 or f3

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

HSDPA load balancing (under threshold)

1/3

Number of HS-DSCH users in the cell in the decision making moment


Max
Cell which has
1.

highest cell weight


(CellWeightForHSDPALayering)

2.

number of HS-DSCH
users is highest

shall be selected.

HSDPALayerLoadShareThreshold
0

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Cell

Cell

Cell

f1

f2

f3

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

HSDPA load balancing (over threshold)

2/3

Number of HS-DSCH users in the cell in the decision making moment


Max
Cell which has
1.
2.

highest cell weight


(CellWeightForHSDPALayering)

Cell which has highest


HSDPA power per
user available shall be
selected

number of HS-DSCH
users is highest

shall be selected.

HSDPALayerLoadShareThreshold
0

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Cell

Cell

Cell

f1

f2

f3

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

HSDPA load balancing (HSDPA power per user) 3/3


Pmax

Operator parameter
(Range 0.01 1)
HSPA
power
HSDPApower PerUser =

(PMax PtxNonHSPA )* CellWeightForHSDPALa yering


NumberOfHS DPAusers + 1

PtxNonHSPA
Number of HSDPA users
active in the cell

Non
HSPA
power

0
Cell
A cell with highest available HSDPA power per user shall be selected.
Nokia Proprietary and Confidential
2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Interworking with Directed RRC connection setup


feature
(Both parameters DirectedRRCEnabled and DirectedRRCForHSDPAEnabled are enabled.)

The decision of directed RRC connection setup for HSDPA layer is done.
Decision = Change layer: Directed RRC connection setup for HSDPA layer is done.
Decision = Do not change layer: The decision of directed RRC connection setup is done.

If several candidates exist (more than 2 layers) for Directed RRC connection setup UE is
tried to keep in most suitable layer from capability point of view.

Non-HSDPA capable UE -> non-HSDPA capable cell

HSDPA capable UE -> HSDPA or HSDPA&HSUPA capable cell

HSDPA&HSUPA capable UE -> HSDPA&HSUPA capable cell is preferred and HSDPA


capable is next preferred.

HSDPA/HSPA capable UEs in Directed RRC connection setup

are not transferred away from HSDPA/HSPA layer if they are requesting interactive or
background service.

can be transferred away from HSDPA/HSPA layer if they are requesting other than interactive
or background service.

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

How feature will be implemented to RAN


The affected NEs are RNC and NetAct.

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Interaction with other features


Directed RRC connection setup (explained in couple of slides before)
Service and load based handover:
Service and load based handovers are not done to HSDPA capable UEs in HSDPA
capable cell.
Service and load based handover can transfer non HSDPA capable UE or HSDPA
capable UE which is in non-HSDPA capable cell to different layer than this feature or
directed RRC connection setup have directed the UE.

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Feature specific parameters

1/3

Object

Name

Modification

Range

Default
Value

Description

WCEL

DirectedRRCEnabled

Online

0 Disabled
1 Enabled

Enables / disables the use of Directed


RRC connection setup in the cell. (Old
RAN04 feature)

WCEL

DirectedRRCForHSDPALayerEnabled

Online

0 Disabled
1 Enabled

Enables / disables the use of Directed


RRC connection setup for HSDPA
layer in the cell. (Old RAN05 feature)

RNC

DirectedRRCForHSDPALayerEnhanc

Online

0 Disabled
1 Enabled

Enables / disables the improvements


for RAN05 feature Directed RRC
connection setup for HSDPA layer .

WCEL

HSDPALayeringCommonChEnabled

Online

0 Disabled
1 Enabled

Enables / disables the use of HSDPA


layering for UEs in common channels
features in the cell.

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Feature specific parameters

2/3

Object

Name

Modification

Range

Default
Value

Description

RNC

DRRCForHSDPALayerServices

Online

Bitmask (16
bits)

interactive
and
background
calls, InterRAT cell reselections
and InterRAT cell
change order

Directed RRC connection


setup for HSDPA layer (from
non-HSDPA layer to HSDPA
layer) in the cell is done if
the UE indicates the service
in RRC Connection Request
(Establishment cause) which
is activated by this
parameter.

RNC

ServicesToHSDPALayer

Online

0: Any type
of service is
requested

In state transition from


Cell_FACH to Cell_DCH the
UE is transferred to HSDPA
layer if it has requested the
service defined with this
parameter.

1: NRT PS
RAB is
requested

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854

Feature specific parameters

3/3

Object

Name

Modification

Range

Default
Value

Description

WCEL

CellWeightForHSDPALayering

Online

0.01 1,
step 0.01

This parameter is used to give


weight for the cell in HSDPA
layering decision making.

RNC

HSDPALayerLoadShareThreshold

Online

0
Disabled
1 Enabled

This parameter is used to


define the threshold (number
of HSDPA users) for load
sharing between HSDPA
layers.

RNC

DisablePowerInHSDPALayeringDecision

Online

0 NO

This parameter is used to


define if available HSDPA
power is taken into account in
decision making for HSDPA
layering.

1 YES

Nokia Proprietary and Confidential


2007 Nokia

DRAFT

Issue 1-1

dn0666854